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Salzburg (, ; bar, Soizbuag, label=
Austro-Bavarian Austro-Bavarian (also known as Austrian or Bavarian; or ; german: Bairisch ) is a West Germanic language spoken in parts of Bavaria and most of Austria. Before 1945, Austro-Bavarian was also prevalent in parts of the southern Czech Republic ...
) (also known as ''Salzburgerland'') is a
state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ...
(''Land'') of the modern Republic of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
. It is officially named ''Land Salzburg'' to distinguish it from its eponymous capital — the city of
Salzburg Salzburg (, ; literally "Salt Castle"; bar, Soizbuag, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian) is the List of cities and towns in Austria, fourth-largest city in Austria. In 2020, it had a population of 156,872. The town is on the site of the ...

Salzburg
. For centuries, it was an independent
Prince-Bishopric A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some Secularity, secular principality and sovereignty. Thus the principality or Hochstift, prince-bishopric ruled politically by a prince-bishop could wholly or largely overlap with his ...
of the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town i ...
.


Geography


Location

The state of Salzburg covers area of . It stretches along its main river — the
Salzach The Salzach (Austrian: saltsax ) is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Inn (river), Inn and is in length, its flow eventually joins the Danube. Its drainage basin of comprises large parts of the Northern Limest ...

Salzach
– which rises in the
Central Eastern Alps The Central Eastern Alps (german: Zentralalpen or Zentrale Ostalpen), also referred to as Austrian Central Alps (german: Österreichische Zentralalpen) or just Central Alps comprise the main chain of the Eastern Alps Eastern Alps is the name gi ...

Central Eastern Alps
in the south to the
Alpine foothills The Alpine foothills, or Prealps (german: Voralpen; french: Préalpes; it, Prealpi; ) can refer generally to any foothills at the base of the European Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest and mo ...
in the north. It is located in the north-west of Austria, close to the border with the
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
state of
Bavaria Bavaria (; German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language ...

Bavaria
; to the northeast lies the state of
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Stat ...
; to the east the state of
Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian Croatian may refer to: *Croatia *Croatian cuisine *Croatian language *Croatian name *Croats, people from Croatia, or of Croatian descent *Citizens of Croatia, see demographics of Croatia See also * Croat ...
; to the south the states of
Carinthia Carinthia (german: Kärnten ; sl, Koroška ) is the southernmost Austrian state or ''Land''. Situated within the Eastern Alps Eastern Alps is the name given to the eastern half of the Alps, usually defined as the area east of a line from L ...
and
Tyrol Tyrol (; historically the Tyrole; german: Tirol ; it, Tirolo) is a historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Gre ...
. With 529,085 inhabitants, it is one of the country's smaller states in terms of population. Running through the south are the main ranges of the
Alpine divide
Alpine divide
(incl. the
Hohe Tauern The High Tauern (pl.; german: Hohe Tauern, it, Alti Tauri) are a mountain range A mountain range is a series of mountains ranged in a line and connected by high ground. A mountain system or mountain belt is a group of mountain ranges with si ...
mountains) with numerous
three-thousander Three-thousanders are mountains with a height of between , but less than height above sea level, above sea level. Similar terms are commonly used for mountains of other height brackets e. g. four-thousanders or eight-thousanders. In Britain, t ...
s. The
Dachstein Hoher Dachstein () is a strongly karst Karst is a topography formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks such as limestone Limestone is a common type of carbonate rock, carbonate sedimentary rock. It is composed mostly of the mineral ...

Dachstein
massif and the
Berchtesgaden Alps The Berchtesgaden Alps (german: Berchtesgadener Alpen) are a mountain range of the Northern Limestone Alps The Northern Limestone Alps (german: Nördliche Kalkalpen), also called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps no ...
ranges of the
Northern Limestone Alps The Northern Limestone Alps (german: Nördliche Kalkalpen), also called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the mountain range, ranges of the Eastern Alps north of the Central Eastern Alps located in Austria and the adjacent Bavarian lands of southe ...

Northern Limestone Alps
border Salzburg Land to the east and north.


Regions

The state is traditionally subdivided in five major regions ('' Gaue''), congruent with its political districts (''
Bezirk The German term ''Bezirk'' (plural ''Bezirke'', derived from la, circulus, "circle") translated as "district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas kno ...
e'', see
administrative divisions Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names for geographical areas into which a particular ...
). *In the northern part: **
Flachgau The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung (German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law ...
(Salzburg city and environs), the flat (german: flach) Salzburg Basin around the confluence of Salzach and
Saalach The Saalach is a river in Austria and Germany, and a left tributary of the Salzach. Course The river begins, as the stream, in the Austrian state of Tyrol (state), Tyrol in the Kitzbühel Alps at the lake below the high Gamshag. From there ...

Saalach
, stretching from the slopes of the Salzkammergut Mountains in the east to the
Untersberg The Untersberg is the northernmost massif In geology, a massif ( or ) is a section of a planet's Crust (geology), crust that is demarcated by geologic fault, faults or Lithospheric flexure, flexures. In the Plate tectonics, movement of the crus ...

Untersberg
massif and the
Chiemgau Alps The Chiemgau Alps (german: Chiemgauer Alpen) are a mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps The Northern Limestone Alps (german: Nördliche Kalkalpen), also called the Northern Calcareous Alps, are the ranges of the Eastern Alps north of th ...
in the west. **
Tennengau The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau region. Area of the district is 668.31 km², with a population of 54,282 (May 15, 20 ...
(district capital
Hallein Hallein () is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. O ...

Hallein
), named after the
Tennen Mountains The Tennen Mountains (german: Tennengebirge) is a small, but rugged, mountain range in the Northern Limestone Alps, which lies in front of the Eastern Alps for its entire length. It is a very heavily karstified high plateau, about 60 km² in ...
, including the broad Salzach Valley south of Salzburg and the surrounding ranges of the Limestone Alps. *The southern, mountainous (colloquially ''Innergebirg'') part is divided into: **
Pinzgau Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district ('' Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg Salzburg (Austrian German: ; ; literally "Salt Fortress"; ) is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and fourth-larg ...
(
Zell am See Zell am See is the administrative capital of the Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, a ...

Zell am See
) in the southwest, **
Pongau Bad Hofgastein from above, in winter The Bezirk Sankt Johann im Pongau is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pongau region. Area of the district is 1,755.37 ...
(
Sankt Johann im Pongau St. Johann im Pongau (''Saiga Håns'' or ''Sainig Håns'' in the local Pongau dialect, abbreviated St.Johann/Pg.) is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pengui ...
) on Salzach and Enns, and **
Lungau Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative Districts of Austria, district (''Bezirk'') in the States of Austria, federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria. It is congruent with the Lungau region (). The administrative centre of the district is ...
(
Tamsweg Tamsweg () is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a village ...

Tamsweg
) in the southeast, separated by the
Niedere Tauern The Lower TauernThe New Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol. 1, 2003, p. 86. or Niedere Tauern () are a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps, in the Austrian States of Austria, states of Salzburg (state), Salzburg and Styria. For the etymology of ...

Niedere Tauern
range.


Major cities and towns

Salzburg municipalities with
town privileges File:Square of Spisska Sobota 6.jpg, 250px, Medieval square in Spišská Sobota, Slovakia (Now Poprad). The former name of the town literally means "Saturday in Spiš" and it is derived from a day of week in which the town was granted a right ...
: *
Salzburg city
Salzburg city
(pop. 148,521) *
Hallein Hallein () is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. O ...

Hallein
(20,022) *
Saalfelden Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer is a town in the district of Zell am See District, Zell am See in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. With approximately 16,000 inhabitants, Saalfelden is the district's largest town and Salzburg (state)#M ...

Saalfelden
(16,046) *
Sankt Johann im Pongau St. Johann im Pongau (''Saiga Håns'' or ''Sainig Håns'' in the local Pongau dialect, abbreviated St.Johann/Pg.) is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pengui ...
(10,740) *
Bischofshofen Bischofshofen () is a List of cities and towns in Austria, town in the district of St. Johann im Pongau District, St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. It is an important traffic junction located both on ...

Bischofshofen
(10,352) *
Zell am See Zell am See is the administrative capital of the Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, a ...

Zell am See
(9,683) * Seekirchen (9,945) * Neumarkt am Wallersee (5,846) *
Oberndorf bei Salzburg Oberndorf bei Salzburg is a town in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, about 17 km (11 mi) north of the Salzburg, City of Salzburg. It is situated on the river Salzach in the Flachgau district. History Its twin sister-town ...
(5,600) *
Mittersill Mittersill is a city in the federal state of Salzburg Salzburg (Austrian German: ; ; literally "Salt Fortress"; ) is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and fourth-largest city in Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officia ...

Mittersill
(5,443) *
Radstadt Radstadt is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Ori ...
(4,864)
Wals-Siezenheim Wals-Siezenheim (Austrian pronunciation: valsˈsiːtsn̩haɪ̯m ) is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung District, Salzburg-Umgebung (''Flachgau'') in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. The double municipality had ...
, a common municipality with about 12,000 inhabitants, is known as 'Austria's largest village'.


History

Salt Salt is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific crystal structure that occurs naturally in pure fo ...

Salt
has played an important role in the region's development; ''Salzburg'' means "salt castle".


Salzburg as an independent state

Independence from
Bavaria Bavaria (; German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language ...

Bavaria
was secured in the late 14th century. The
Archbishopric of Salzburg The Prince-Archbishopric of Salzburg (german: Fürsterzbistum Salzburg) was an Prince-bishop, ecclesiastical principality and Imperial State, state of the Holy Roman Empire. It comprised the temporalities, secular territory ruled by the archbish ...
was an independent prince-bishopric and
State State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ...
of the
Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Western may refer to: Places *Western, Nebraska, a village in the US *Western, New York, a town i ...
until
German Mediatisation German mediatisation (; german: deutsche Mediatisierung) was the major territorial restructuring that took place between 1802 and 1814 in Germany and the surrounding region by means of the mass mediatisation and secularisation of a large number ...
in 1803.


Electorate of Salzburg

The territory was secularized and, as the
Electorate of Salzburg The Electorate of Salzburg (german: Kurfürstentum Salzburg or ), occasionally known as the Grand Duchy of Salzburg, was an electoral principality of the Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Imperium Romanum; german: Heiliges ...
, given as compensation to Ferdinand III, former Grand Duke of
Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Citizenship , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = Italian , demogra ...
, the brother of Emperor
Francis II
Francis II
.


The end of the independence

Following the Austrian defeat at
Austerlitz
Austerlitz
in 1805, Salzburg was annexed by Austria as compensation for the loss of
Tyrol Tyrol (; historically the Tyrole; german: Tirol ; it, Tirolo) is a historical region Historical regions (or historical areas) are geographical Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Gre ...
to the
Kingdom of Bavaria The Kingdom of Bavaria (german: Königreich Bayern; ) was a German state that succeeded the former Electorate of Bavaria in 1805 and continued to exist until 1918. With the unification of Germany into the German Empire in 1871, the kingdom becam ...
, and Ferdinand was transferred to the
Grand Duchy of Würzburg The Grand Duchy of Würzburg (german: Großherzogtum Würzburg) was a Germany, German grand duchy centered on Würzburg existing in the early 19th century. As a consequence of the 1801 Treaty of Lunéville, the Bishopric of Würzburg was seculari ...
.


Bavarian Salzburg

After Austria's defeat in 1809, the province was handed over to
Bavaria Bavaria (; German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language ...

Bavaria
in 1810.


The country divided between Bavaria and Austria

In 1816, following the defeat of
Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General o ...
and the provision of adequate compensation to Bavaria at the
Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna (, ) of 1814–1815 was an international diplomatic conference to reconstitute the European political order after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) w ...

Congress of Vienna
, it was returned to Austria with the exception of the north-western
Rupertiwinkel
Rupertiwinkel
which remained Bavarian. The Salzburger Land was administered as the department of Salzach from
Linz Linz ( , ; cs, Linec) is the capital of Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly m ...
, the capital of
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Stat ...
. In 1849 the
Duchy of Salzburg The Duchy of Salzburg () was a Cisleithania Cisleithania (german: Cisleithanien, also ''Zisleithanien'', sl, Cislajtanija, hu, Ciszlajtánia, cz, Předlitavsko, sk, Predlitavsko, pl, Przedlitawia, hr, Cislajtanija, sr, Цислајтани ...
was established as a
crown land Crown land (sometimes spelled crownland), also known as royal domain, is a territorial area belonging to the monarch, who personifies . It is the equivalent of an and passes with the monarchy, being inseparable from it. Today, in s such as Cana ...
of the
Austrian Empire The Austrian Empire (german: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling ') was a Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It compr ...
and, after 1866,
Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, or democratic monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exe ...

Austria-Hungary
.


World War I

Salzburg participated in
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
, as part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. 49,000 Salzburgers were called to arms, of whom 6,000 were killed.


Post-World War I Austrian Republics

In 1918 after
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
, the
Duchy of Salzburg The Duchy of Salzburg () was a Cisleithania Cisleithania (german: Cisleithanien, also ''Zisleithanien'', sl, Cislajtanija, hu, Ciszlajtánia, cz, Předlitavsko, sk, Predlitavsko, pl, Przedlitawia, hr, Cislajtanija, sr, Цислајтани ...
was dissolved and replaced with the State of Salzburg, as a component part initially of
German Austria The Republic of German-Austria (german: Republik Deutschösterreich or ) was a country created following World War I World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that last ...
and subsequently of the
First Republic of Austria The First Austrian Republic (german: Republik Österreich) was created after the signing of the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye on 10 September 1919—the settlement after the end of World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI o ...
, the separate state which was mandated by the Allied powers.


Salzburg in Germany

After the plebiscite of 1938, Salzburg state and all the territory of Austria was annexed to the
Third Reich Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...
.


American control

After the defeat of
Nazi Germany Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...

Nazi Germany
in 1945, the
Allies An alliance is a relationship among people, groups, or sovereign state, states that have joined together for mutual benefit or to achieve some common purpose, whether or not explicit agreement has been worked out among them. Members of an alli ...
occupied the territory of Austria, being recognized as an independent territory under their rule. Salzburg was occupied by the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
.


Salzburg as an Austrian State

In 1955 Austria was again declared independent of the Allies and Salzburg was once again one of the reconstituted federal states of the second Republic Austria.


Politics

Salzburg adopted its current state
constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...

constitution
in 1999. The state
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Departmen ...

government
(''Landesregierung'') is headed by a
Landeshauptmann Landeshauptmann (if male) or Landeshauptfrau (if female) (, "state captain", plural ''Landeshauptleute'') is the chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board Boar ...
(governor), who is elected by a majority in the
Landtag A Landtag (State Diet Diet may refer to: Food * Diet (nutrition) In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. The word diet often implies the use of specific intake of nutrition for #Health, health or #Weigh ...

Landtag
parliament. State elections are held every five years. After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, most state governments were led by the conservative
Austrian People's Party The Austrian People's Party (german: Österreichische Volkspartei, ÖVP) is a Christian-democratic Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well ...
(ÖVP). The ÖVP politician
Josef Klaus Josef Klaus (15 August 1910 – 26 July 2001) was an Austrian politician of the conservative People's Party (ÖVP). He served as State State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine publis ...
(1910-2001), later
Chancellor of Austria The Federal Chancellor of Austria () is the head of government of the Austria, Republic of Austria. The position corresponds to that of Prime minister, Prime Minister in several other parliamentary democracies. Current officeholder is Karl Neha ...
, served as Landeshauptmann from 1949 to 1961. In 2004
Gabi Burgstaller
Gabi Burgstaller
became the first
Social Democratic Social democracy is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms of Power (social and political), power relations between individu ...
(and first female) Salzburg governor. The last results, in April 2018 (compared to 2013) were:
The elected Salzburg Landeshauptmann is Wilfried Haslauer (ÖVP), chairing a
coalition government A coalition government is a form of government in which political parties cooperate to form a government. The usual reason for such an arrangement is that no single party has achieved an absolute majority after an election An election is a ...
of ÖVP, Greens and NEOS ministers (''Landesräte''). The current president (speaker) of the Salzburg Landtag is his party fellow Brigitta Pallauf.


Government


Landeshauptmann Wilfried Haslauer (ÖVP)

* Economy * Tourism * Employment market * Municipality administration * Education * Internal affairs * Fire departments * Public safety * Governor's office * European affairs.


1st Deputy Astrid Rössler (Greens)

* Conservation * Environmentalism * Water protection * Trade * Regional development * Building law.


2nd Deputy Christian Stöckl (ÖVP)

* Finance * State properties and interests * Public health and hospitals.


Landesräte

* Hans Mayr (TS): Transport, infrastructure, housing * Martina Berthold (Greens): Childcare, adult education, universities, research, science, youth, family affairs, intergenerational relationships, desegregation, migration, sports, women's affairs, equal opportunities * Josef Schwaiger (ÖVP): Agriculture, forestry, water management, energy, personnel management * Heinrich Schellhorn (Greens): Social policy, care nursing, culture, folk culture, museums.


Administrative divisions


Districts

The State of Salzburg comprises six districts, known as ''Bezirke'' or vernacularly ''Gaue'': *
Hallein District The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau region. Area of the district is 668.31 km², with a population of 54,282 (May 15, 20 ...
(Tennengau region) * St. Johann im Pongau District (Pongau region) *
Salzburg-Umgebung District The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung (German language, German, "surrounding area of Salzburg") is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Flachgau region (), except for th ...
(Salzburg environs) (Flachgau region) *
Tamsweg District Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or count ...
(Lungau region) *
Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pinzgau region (). The area of the district is , wi ...
(Pinzgau region)
Salzburg city
Salzburg city
is its own administrative district.


Municipalities

The state is divided into 119 municipalities, including
Salzburg city
Salzburg city
. 11 of them have city status (''Städte''), 24 are market towns (''Marktgemeinden'') and the other 84 are simple municipalities (''Gemeinden''). Below it is shown a list of all the municipalities divided per district: *
Hallein District The Bezirk Hallein is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Tennengau region. Area of the district is 668.31 km², with a population of 54,282 (May 15, 20 ...
(Tennengau) (13 municipalities):
Abtenau Abtenau is a market town in the Hallein (district), Hallein District of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. The municipality is located in Lammertal, Tennengau, about 45 km south of Salzburg, and encompasses the entire middle valley of the Lamme ...
, Adnet,
Annaberg-Lungötz Annaberg-Lungötz is a municipality in the district of Hallein District, Hallein, in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography The municipality lies in the Lammer River valley at the foot of the Gosaukamm. History It belonged for ...
, Bad Vigaun,
Golling an der Salzach Golling an der Salzach is a market town in the Hallein (district), Hallein district of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria. Geography It is located on the southern rim of the ''Tennengau'' region south of the city of Salzburg. Here at the confluenc ...
,
Hallein Hallein () is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. O ...

Hallein
,
Krispl
Krispl
,
Kuchl
Kuchl
,
Oberalm
Oberalm
, Puch bei Hallein,
Rußbach am Paß Gschütt Rußbach am Paß Gschütt is a municipality in the Hallein (district), Hallein district in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. It is famous for its amazing skiing and summer mountain biking tours and extensive network of hiking trails. ...
, Sankt Koloman,
Scheffau am Tennengebirge Scheffau am Tennengebirge is a municipality in the Hallein Hallein () is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between ...
. *
Salzburg-Umgebung District The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung (German language, German, "surrounding area of Salzburg") is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Flachgau region (), except for th ...
(Flachgau) (37 municipalities):
Anif Anif is a municipality of Salzburg-Umgebung District in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography It is located at the southern city limits of Salzburg. In the south, it borders on Hallein District. Anif is one of the smallest mun ...
,
Anthering
Anthering
, Bergheim, Berndorf, Bürmoos,
Dorfbeuern Dorfbeuern (Central Bavarian: ''Dorfbeian'') is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. Geography Dorfbeuern is situated in the district Salzburg-Umgebung, 30 km north of Salzburg ...

Dorfbeuern
, Ebenau, Elixhausen, Elsbethen,
Eugendorf
Eugendorf
, Faistenau,
Fuschl am See Fuschl am See is an Austrian municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung, in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. It is located at the east end of the Fuschlsee, between the city of Salzburg and Bad Ischl. The community has 1,406 inhabi ...
,
Großgmain Großgmain is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. Geography Großgmain lies in the Salzburg ''Flachgau'' region in the northern foothills of the Untersberg massif, directly on t ...

Großgmain
,
Göming
Göming
,
Grödig Grödig is a market town of Salzburg-Umgebung District in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. Geography Grödig is located south of the Salzburg city limits in the historic ''Flachgau'' region, near the border with Bavaria, German ...

Grödig
,
Hallwang
Hallwang
,
Henndorf Henndorf am Wallersee, commonly named Henndorf, is a municipality of 4,777 inhabitants in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung (German language, German, "surrounding area of Salzburg") is an administrative district (''B ...
, Hintersee,
Hof bei Salzburg Hof bei Salzburg is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. The mezzo-soprano Rosl Zapf (1925–2019) was born in Hof bei Salzburg. Geography Hof bei Salzburg is on the shore of ...
,
Koppl
Koppl
,
Köstendorf
Köstendorf
,
Lamprechtshausen Lamprechtshausen is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung The Bezirk Salzburg-Umgebung (German language, German, "surrounding area of Salzburg") is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Sal ...

Lamprechtshausen
,
Mattsee Mattsee is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a village or ...

Mattsee
, Neumarkt am Wallersee,
Nußdorf am Haunsberg
Nußdorf am Haunsberg
,
Oberndorf bei Salzburg Oberndorf bei Salzburg is a town in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, about 17 km (11 mi) north of the Salzburg, City of Salzburg. It is situated on the river Salzach in the Flachgau district. History Its twin sister-town ...
,
Obertrum
Obertrum
,
Plainfeld
Plainfeld
, Sankt Georgen,
Sankt Gilgen Sankt Gilgen (Central Bavarian: ''St. Gieng'') is a village by the Wolfgangsee in the Austrian state of Salzburg, in the Salzkammergut region. History St. Gilgen was first mentioned in documents in 1376. In 1863, shipping on Lake Wolfgang started ...
,
Schleedorf
Schleedorf
,
Seeham
Seeham
, Seekirchen,
Straßwalchen Straßwalchen is a market town in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung (''Flachgau'') in the state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg in Austria. Geography The municipal area stretches along the northeastern border of Salzburg with the state of Upper Austr ...

Straßwalchen
,
Strobl Strobl (or Strobl am Wolfgangsee) is a municipality of the Salzburg-Umgebung District (''Flachgau''), in the northeastern portion of the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, right on the border with Upper Austria. It comprises the Katastra ...

Strobl
,
Thalgau
Thalgau
,
Wals-Siezenheim Wals-Siezenheim (Austrian pronunciation: valsˈsiːtsn̩haɪ̯m ) is a municipality in the district of Salzburg-Umgebung District, Salzburg-Umgebung (''Flachgau'') in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. The double municipality had ...
. * St. Johann im Pongau District (Pongau) (25 municipalities):
Altenmarkt im Pongau Altenmarkt im Pongau is a small town in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography Altenmarkt is situated 65 km southeast of Salzburg. Economy The town is principally known for its winter tourism. It is also the location of the f ...
,
Bad Gastein Bad Gastein (; formerly ''Badgastein''; Southern Bavarian Southern Bavarian, or Southern Austro-Bavarian, is a cluster of Upper German dialects of the Bavarian language, Bavarian group. They are primarily spoken in County of Tyrol, Tyrol (i.e. the ...
,
Bad Hofgastein Bad Hofgastein ( bar, Hofgoschdei) is a market town in the district of St. Johann im Pongau District, St. Johann im Pongau, in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. The spa town is located in the Bad Gastein, Gastein Valley, a large ski ...
,
Bischofshofen Bischofshofen () is a List of cities and towns in Austria, town in the district of St. Johann im Pongau District, St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. It is an important traffic junction located both on ...

Bischofshofen
, Dorfgastein,
Eben im Pongau Eben im Pongau is a municipality in the St. Johann im Pongau (district), St. Johann im Pongau district in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography The municipality lies on the northwest edge of the Radstadt basin in the Ennsponga ...
,
Filzmoos Filzmoos is a town within the district of St. Johann im Pongau in the state of Salzburg Salzburg (Austrian German: ; ; literally "Salt Fortress"; ) is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and fourth-largest city in Austria Austria ...

Filzmoos
,
Flachau Flachau is a village in the district of St. Johann im Pongau (district), St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, with a population of 2,802 (2016 data). Its numerous skiing facilities are part of the Ski Amadé net ...

Flachau
,
Forstau
Forstau
,
Goldegg
Goldegg
, Grossarl,
Hüttau Hüttau is a municipality in the St. Johann im Pongau (district), St. Johann im Pongau district in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography Hüttau lies in the Fritz valley in the Pongau. References External linksInformation o ...

Hüttau
,
Hüttschlag
Hüttschlag
,
Kleinarl
Kleinarl
, Mühlbach am Hochkönig, Pfarrwerfen,
Radstadt Radstadt is a historic town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Ori ...
,
Sankt Johann im Pongau St. Johann im Pongau (''Saiga Håns'' or ''Sainig Håns'' in the local Pongau dialect, abbreviated St.Johann/Pg.) is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pengui ...
, Sankt Martin am Tennengebirge, Sankt Veit im Pongau, Schwarzach im Pongau, Untertauern, Wagrain, Werfen, Werfenweng. *
Tamsweg District Bezirk Tamsweg is an administrative district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or count ...
(Lungau) (15 municipalities): Göriach, Lessach, Mariapfarr, Mauterndorf, Muhr, Ramingstein, Sankt Andrä im Lungau, Sankt Margarethen im Lungau, Sankt Michael im Lungau,
Tamsweg Tamsweg () is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it from a village ...

Tamsweg
, Thomatal, Tweng, Unternberg, Weißpriach, Zederhaus. *
Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, and congruent with the Pinzgau region (). The area of the district is , wi ...
(Pinzgau) (28 municipalities): Bramberg am Wildkogel, Bruck an der Großglocknerstraße, Dienten am Hochkönig, Fusch an der Großglocknerstraße, Hollersbach im Pinzgau, Kaprun, Krimml, Lend, Austria, Lend, Leogang, Lofer, Maishofen, Maria Alm,
Mittersill Mittersill is a city in the federal state of Salzburg Salzburg (Austrian German: ; ; literally "Salt Fortress"; ) is the capital city of the State of Salzburg and fourth-largest city in Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officia ...

Mittersill
, Neukirchen am Großvenediger, Niedernsill, Piesendorf, Rauris, Saalbach-Hinterglemm,
Saalfelden Saalfelden am Steinernen Meer is a town in the district of Zell am See District, Zell am See in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. With approximately 16,000 inhabitants, Saalfelden is the district's largest town and Salzburg (state)#M ...

Saalfelden
, Sankt Martin bei Lofer, Stuhlfelden, Taxenbach, Unken, Uttendorf, Viehhofen, Wald im Pinzgau, Weißbach bei Lofer,
Zell am See Zell am See is the administrative capital of the Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, a ...

Zell am See
.


Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the state was 29 billion € in 2018, accounting for 7.5% of the Austria's economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 46,500 € or 154% of the EU27 average in the same year. Salzburg is the state with the highest GDP per capita in Austria before Vienna.


Architecture

The Salzburg Cathedral was the first Baroque building in the German-speaking artistic world. Two other important buildings initiated by the Salzburg archbishops were Burg Hohenwerfen, Hohenwerfen Castle and Festung Hohensalzburg, Hohensalzburg Fortress. The first Archbishop of Salzburg was Arno of Salzburg (785–821), in whose honor the world-famous hiking circuit — the Arnoweg — is named. The predominant stylistic elements of Salzburg architecture have their origins in the Baroque architecture, Baroque and the Rococo periods. Salzburg city's historic centre was named by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.


Language

Austrian German is the local written language, and it can be heard especially in the cities. Austro-Bavarian is also spoken, especially in the rural areas and the common language of Salzburgerland.


Visitors' attractions

* Eisriesenwelt, the largest ice cave in the world * Grossglockner High Alpine Road, Großglockner Hochalpenstraße: a panoramic road, called ''Grossglockner High Alpine Road'' * Salzkammergut: a lake district situated in Salzburg state,
Upper Austria Upper Austria (german: Oberösterreich ; bar, Obaöstareich) is one of the nine states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The Stat ...
and
Styria Styria (german: Steiermark ; Croatian Croatian may refer to: *Croatia *Croatian cuisine *Croatian language *Croatian name *Croats, people from Croatia, or of Croatian descent *Citizens of Croatia, see demographics of Croatia See also * Croat ...
* Liechtensteinklamm: Salzburg is home to one of the longest and deepest gorges of the Alps, the ''Liechtensteinklamm''. It is located near
Sankt Johann im Pongau St. Johann im Pongau (''Saiga Håns'' or ''Sainig Håns'' in the local Pongau dialect, abbreviated St.Johann/Pg.) is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pengui ...
or ''St.Johann/Pg.'', a small town in the middle of the state. * Nonnberg Abbey, a Benedictine monastery that was immortalized in the movie ''The Sound of Music''.


Sports

* Salzburgring, a permanent racing circuit, north east of the city of
Salzburg Salzburg (, ; literally "Salt Castle"; bar, Soizbuag, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian) is the List of cities and towns in Austria, fourth-largest city in Austria. In 2020, it had a population of 156,872. The town is on the site of the ...

Salzburg
* Ski Amadé * Kitzsteinhorn, skiing the year round on a glacier * Icespeedway in St. Johann im Pongau * Aperschnalzen, an old tradition of competitive whipcracking


Ski resorts

Altenmarkt im Pongau Altenmarkt im Pongau is a small town in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg. Geography Altenmarkt is situated 65 km southeast of Salzburg. Economy The town is principally known for its winter tourism. It is also the location of the f ...
,
Flachau Flachau is a village in the district of St. Johann im Pongau (district), St. Johann im Pongau in the Austrian state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, with a population of 2,802 (2016 data). Its numerous skiing facilities are part of the Ski Amadé net ...

Flachau
, Wagrain, Sankt Johann im Pongau, St. Johann,
Zell am See Zell am See is the administrative capital of the Zell am See District Image:PinzgauUpper.jpg, Upper Pinzgau Valley The Bezirk Zell am See is an administrative district (''Bezirk'') in the federal state of Salzburg (state), Salzburg, Austria, a ...

Zell am See
(Saalbach-Hinterglemm), Obertauern,
Bad Gastein Bad Gastein (; formerly ''Badgastein''; Southern Bavarian Southern Bavarian, or Southern Austro-Bavarian, is a cluster of Upper German dialects of the Bavarian language, Bavarian group. They are primarily spoken in County of Tyrol, Tyrol (i.e. the ...
, Rauris, Lofer, Hochkönig,
Krispl
Krispl


Assorted statistics

*Tourist Regions: 21 *Resort Towns: 115 *Guest Beds: 192,000 *Lakes: 185 *Biggest lake: Wolfgangsee *Longest river:
Salzach The Salzach (Austrian: saltsax ) is a river in Austria and Germany. It is a right tributary of the Inn (river), Inn and is in length, its flow eventually joins the Danube. Its drainage basin of comprises large parts of the Northern Limest ...

Salzach
*Highest mountain: Großvenediger — elevation *Hiking paths: *Hill farms: 1,800 — 550 of them serving refreshments *National parks: 1 *Marked cycle paths: *Mountainbike trails (including cross-border routes): *Golf courses: 13 *Ski slopes: *Cross-country ski trails: *Night slopes: 14 *Winter hiking paths:


Notes


References


External links


Salzburg State Tourist Board

Salzburg State Government



Pictures from Salzburg

Tours in and around Salzburg

Tours
{{coord, 47.76706, N, 13.364131, E, source:placeopedia, display=title Salzburg (state), NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union States of Austria