Ruian dialect (; pronounced in the Rui'an dialect; standard ) is a dialect
of Wu Chinese
spoken in Ruian
. It belongs to the Oujiang sub-group of Wu Chinese
dialects. It is closely related to Pingyang dialect and Lucheng dialect, generally referred as Wenzhounese
There are the following finals:
嘸 , 兒
姹 , 好 , 包
海 , 先 , 思
下 , 布 ~ 圖 ~ 水
全 , 安 , 歌
會 , 走
李 , 六
涼 , 關 , 花
經 , 聽 , 公 .
Additional finals for older accent including:
天 , 橋 , 頭
In Ruian dialect, a monosyllabic word can have one of the eight tones, but there are only four phonetically distinguished tones, divided into high (陰) and low (陽)categories. In combination with another tone, it can change depending on Tone Sandhi system.
Yin Ping 陰平 44 江天飛三
Yang Ping 陽平 31 來同魚球
Yin Shang 陰上 35 懂紙古本
Yang Shang 陽上 24 近淡厚似
Yin Qu 陰去 52 對去貨歲
Yang Qu 陽去 22 外地路住
Yin Ru 陰入 323 七博塔各
Yang Ru 陽入 212 六肉白石
In bisyllabic words, there are phonetically only six tones, ''high flat'' ˦, ''middle flat'' ˧, ''rising'' ˨˦, ''departing'' ˦˨, ''entering'' ˨˩˨ and ''short'' ˨. We'll now use A, B, C, D, E, and 0 for these six tones.
used when are alone or follow 第 to form ordinal numerals, and the later three lectures are cardinal numerals and are generally followed by a classifier.
the first lecture is considered literal, the second colloquial.
Below is a list of the most common vocabulary in Ruian dialect.
Like other Wu dialects, in Ruian dialect a Chinese character can have more than one reading, divided in vernacular readings (白讀)and literary readings （文讀）, in comparison with other Wu dialects, Ruian dialect has relatively few multiple readings.
Below are some samples.
, another Wu Chinese dialect
, the city
, of which the variety of Rui'an is considered a dialect
ReferencesA Study on the Phonetics of Ruian Dialect