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Rugby is a
constituency An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative district, voting district, constituency, riding, ward, division, or (election) precinct is a subdivision of a larger state (a country A country is a distinct part o ...
represented in the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada. In both of these countries, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the nominally upper house of parliament. T ...
of the
UK Parliament The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the Parliamentary sovereignty in the United Kingdom, supreme Legislature, legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It meets at the Palace of We ...
since its 2010 recreation by Mark Pawsey, a
Conservative Conservatism is a Philosophy of culture, cultural, Social philosophy, social, and political philosophy that seeks to promote and to preserve traditional institutions, practices, and values. The central tenets of conservatism may vary in r ...
.


History

1885–1918: The Petty Sessional Divisions of Rugby, Southam, Burton Dassett and Kingston, and Kenilworth (except the parishes of Lillington and Milverton). 1918–1945: The Rural Districts of Farnborough, Monks Kirby, Rugby and Southam, the Rural District of Brailes (except the parishes of Ilmington and Stretton-on-Fosse), the parishes of Charlcote, Combrook, Compton Verney, Eatington, Kineton, Loxley, Moreton Morrell, Newbold Pacey, Wellesbourne Hastings and Wellesbourne Mountford in the Rural District of Stratford-on-Avon, and the Urban District of Rugby. 1945–1950: 1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of Rugby and the Rural District of Rugby. 1974–1983: The borough of Rugby and the rural district of Rugby as altered by The West Midlands Order 1965 and The Coventry Order 1965. 2010-: The Borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth ward of Bulkington, and the Borough of Rugby wards of Admirals, Avon and Swift, Benn, Bilton, Brownsover North, Brownsover South, Caldecott, Earl Craven and Wolston, Eastlands, Fosse, Hillmorton, Lawford and King's Newnham, New Bilton, Newbold, Overslade, Paddox, and Wolvey. Between 1950 and 1979, Rugby was a consistent Labour-Conservative marginal, often bucking the national swing (for example, William Price held the seat for Labour with an increased majority in
1970 Events January * January 1 – Unix time epoch reached at 00:00:00 UTC. * January 5 – The 7.1 1970 Tonghai earthquake, Tonghai earthquake shakes Tonghai County, Yunnan province, China, with a maximum Mercalli intensity scale, Mercalli i ...
while the Wilson government was defeated). Since its recreation in
2010 File:2010 Events Collage New.png, From top left, clockwise: The 2010 Chile earthquake was one of the strongest recorded in history; The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull, Eruption of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland disrupts air travel in Europe; A ...
, the seat has produced solid Conservative majorities.


Boundaries

;Historic boundaries When first created in 1885, the Rugby division consisted of the Petty Sessional Divisions of Rugby,
Southam Southam () is a market town and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon (district), Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. Southam is situated on the River Stowe (called 'The Brook' by many locals), which ...
,
Burton Dassett Burton Dassett is a parish and deserted medieval village, shrunken medieval village in the Stratford-on-Avon District, Stratford-upon-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. The population (including the village of Knightcote) of the civil pari ...
and Kington, and
Kenilworth Kenilworth ( ) is a market town and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Warwick (district), Warwick District in Warwickshire, England, south-west of Coventry, north of Warwick and north-west of London. It lies on Finham Brook, a ...
except the parishes of Lillington and Milverton. The division as recommended by the Boundary Commissioners had a population of 49,291 in the 1881 Census. Boundary changes in 1918 expanded the constituency to the south, while removing some areas near Leamington Spa. The constituency was defined as consisting of the Urban District of Rugby, the Rural Districts of Farnborough,
Monks Kirby Monks Kirby is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of Parish (administrative division), administrative parish used for Local government in England, local government. It is a territorial designation which is the ...
, Rugby and
Southam Southam () is a market town and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Stratford-on-Avon (district), Stratford-on-Avon district of Warwickshire, England. Southam is situated on the River Stowe (called 'The Brook' by many locals), which ...
, together with the majority of Brailes Rural district (excepting only the two parishes of Ilmington and Stretton-on-Fosse which were in a detached part of Warwickshire). Finally, the division included several parishes which were in the east of Stratford-on-Avon Rural District: Charlcote, Combrook, Compton Verney,
Eatington Ettington is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish about south-east of Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire, England. The United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 1,171. The present village is ...
,
Kineton Kineton is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of Parish (administrative division), administrative parish used for Local government in England, local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lo ...
, Loxley, Moreton Morrell, Newbold Pacey, Wellesbourne Hastings and Wellesbourne Mountford. When changes were made to constituency boundaries in 1945 to split up some extremely large constituencies, Rugby was affected by the recommendations made as a result of the growth in electorate in the Coventry constituency. It gained some areas to the east of Coventry which had already been added to Rugby Rural District but were previously part of
Nuneaton Nuneaton ( ) is a market town in the borough of Nuneaton and Bedworth in northern Warwickshire Warwickshire (; abbreviated Warks) is a Counties of England, county in the West Midlands (region), West Midlands region of England. The county t ...
division. This change added about 2,000 voters. The constituency was considerably reduced in area in boundary changes which came into effect in 1950, being reduced to simply the Municipal Borough of Rugby and the Rural District of Rugby. No alteration in boundaries was made as part of the First Periodical Review of Boundaries in 1954, and in the Second Periodical Review which came into effect in 1974, the definition remained the same although changes in local government boundaries meant that a minor change was made. The Third Periodical Review of constituency boundaries expanded the Rugby constituency to the west. The constituency lost 6,545 of its 60,909 electors, in and around the villages of Ansty and
Wolvey Wolvey is a village and civil parish, parish in Warwickshire, England. According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 census it had a population of 1,942, which increased to 2,121 at the United Kingdom Census 2021, 2021 census. The village is ...
, to Nuneaton. It then gained 16,600 electors from
Kenilworth Kenilworth ( ) is a market town and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Warwick (district), Warwick District in Warwickshire, England, south-west of Coventry, north of Warwick and north-west of London. It lies on Finham Brook, a ...
, resulting in its renaming as Rugby and Kenilworth. ;Current boundaries Parliament accepted the Boundary Commission's
Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies The Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies was undertaken between 2000 and 2007 by the four boundary commissions for England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It share ...
which slightly altered this constituency for the 2010 general election since which it has
electoral wards The ward (subnational entity), wards and electoral divisions in the United Kingdom are electoral districts at sub-national level, represented by one or more Councillor, councillors. The ward is the primary unit of English electoral geography for ...
: *Admirals; Avon and Swift; Benn; Bilton; Brownsover North; Brownsover South; Caldecott; Earl Craven and Wolston; Eastlands; Fosse; Hillmorton; Lawford and King's Newnham; New Bilton; Newbold; Overslade; Paddox; Wolvey. ''in Rugby Borough'' *Bulkington ''in the Borough of
Nuneaton and Bedworth Nuneaton and Bedworth is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district with borough status, in northern Warwickshire, England, consisting of the towns of Nuneaton and Bedworth, the large village of Bulkington and the Green belt (UK), gre ...
''.


Constituency profile

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of two local government districts with similar characteristics and that forming the bulk has a working population whose income is slightly above to the national average and lower than average reliance upon
social housing Public housing is a form of housing tenure in which the property is usually owned by a government authorities, government authority, either central or local. Although the common goal of public housing is to provide affordable housing, the d ...
. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 2.3% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 4.4%. The borough contributing to the bulk of the seat has a quite low 17.5% of its population without a car, 19.6% of the population without qualifications contrasted with a high 28.2% with level 4 qualifications or above by way of illustration. In terms of tenure 69.5% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage as at the 2011 census across the district.


Members of Parliament


MPs 1885–1983


MPs since 2010


Elections


Elections in the 2010s


Elections in the 1970s


Elections in the 1960s


Elections in the 1950s


Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1939–40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected; *Conservative: David Margesson *Liberal: M E Avery *Labour: A E Millett


Elections in the 1930s


Elections in the 1920s


Elections in the 1910s


Elections in the 1900s


Elections in the 1890s


Elections in the 1880s


See also

*
List of parliamentary constituencies in Warwickshire Until 2010, the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties of England, county of Warwickshire was divided into 5 United Kingdom constituencies, parliamentary constituencies - they were all County constituency, county constituencies. Now it has six ...


Notes


References

;Specific ;General Craig, F. W. S. (1983). ''British parliamentary election results 1918-1949'' (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. .


External links


Catalogue of the Rugby Constituency Labour Party archives
held at the
Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick The Modern Records Centre (MRC) is the specialist archive service of the University of Warwick in Coventry, England, located adjacent to the Central Campus Library. It was established in October 1973 and holds the world's largest archive collecti ...
{{Authority control Borough of Rugby Parliamentary constituencies in Warwickshire Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom established in 1885 Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom disestablished in 1983 Constituencies of the Parliament of the United Kingdom established in 2010