International prizes* s in Nobel Prize in Physics, Physics and in Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Chemistry * Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel * s in astronomy and , geosciences, biosciences (with an emphasis on ecology), and polyarthritis (for example rheumatoid arthritis) * The Sjöberg Prize, Sjöberg Prize for research in cancer * Rolf Schock Prizes in logic and philosophy, mathematics, visual arts and musical arts * Gregori Aminoff Prize in crystallography * Tobias Prize for research to treat hematological disorders
National prizes* Göran Gustafsson Prize for research in chemistry, mathematics, molecular biology, medicine and physics * Söderberg Prize for research in economics or jurisprudence or medicine * Ingvar Lindqvist Prizes for teachers in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics and natural sciences * Tage Erlander Prize "for research in natural sciences and technology" in four fields (physics, chemistry, technology and biology)
MembersThe academy has elected about 1,700 Swedish and 1,200 foreign members since it was founded in 1739. Today the academy has about 470 Swedish and 175 foreign members which are divided into ten "classes", representing ten various scientific disciplines: * Mathematics * Astronomy, Astronomy and space science * Physics * Chemistry * Geosciences * Biosciences * Medicine, Medical sciences * Engineering sciences * Social sciences *Humanities and "for outstanding services to science"
List of permanent secretariesThe following persons have served as permanent secretaries of the academy: *Anders Johan von Höpken, 1739–1740, 1740–1741 *Augustin Ehrensvärd, April – June 1740 *Jacob Faggot, 1741–1744 *Pehr Elvius, 1744–1749 *Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, 1749–1783 *Johan Carl Wilcke and Henrik Nicander, 1784–1796 *Daniel Melanderhjelm and Henrik Nicander, 1796–1803 *Jöns Svanberg and Carl Gustaf Sjöstén 1803–1808; Sjöstén was removed 1808 for negligence of his duties *Jöns Svanberg, 1809–1811 *Olof Swartz, 1811–1818 *Jöns Jacob Berzelius, 1818–1848 *Peter Fredrik Wahlberg, 1848–1866 *Georg Lindhagen, 1866–1901 *Christopher Aurivillius, 1901–1923 *Henrik Gustaf Söderbaum, 1923–1933 *Henning Pleijel, 1933–1943 *Arne Westgren, 1943–1959 *Erik Rudberg, 1959–1972 *Carl Gustaf Bernhard, 1973–1980 *Tord Ganelius, 1981–1989 *Carl-Olof Jacobson, 1989–1997 *Erling Norrby, 1997–30 June 2003 *Gunnar Öquist, 1 July 2003 – 30 June 2010 *Staffan Normark, 1 July 2010 – 30 June 2015 *Göran K. Hansson, 1 July 2015–present
PublicationsThe transactions of the Academy (''Vetenskapsakademiens handlingar'') were published as its main series between 1739 and 1974. In parallel, other major series have appeared and gone: *''Öfversigt af Kungl. Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar'' (1844–1903) *''Bihang till Vetenskapsakademiens Handlingar'' (1872–1902) *''Vetenskapsakademiens årsbok'' (1903–1969) The academy started publishing annual reports in physics and chemistry (1826), technology (1827), botany (1831), and zoology (1832). These lasted into the 1860s, when they were replaced by the single ''Bihang'' series (meaning: supplement to the transactions). Starting in 1887, this series was once again split into four sections (''afdelning''), which in 1903 became independent scientific journals of their own, titled "Arkiv för..." (archive for...). These included: * ''Arkiv för matematik, astronomi och fysik'' (1903–1949) Further restructuring of their topics occurred in 1949 and 1974. Other defunct journals of the Academy include: * ''Electronic Transactions on Artificial Intelligence'' (1997–2001) ;Current publications *''AMBIO, Ambio'' (1972–) *''Acta Mathematica'' (1882–) *''Arkiv för matematik'' (1949– with this title; 1903–1949 also including physics and astronomy) *''Acta Zoologica'' (1920–) *''Levnadsteckningar över Vetenskapsakademiens ledamöter'' (1869–), biographies of deceased members *''Porträttmatrikel'' (1971–), portraits of current members *''Zoologica Scripta'' (1972–), jointly with the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
HistoryThe academy was founded on 2 June 1739 by naturalist Carl Linnaeus, mercantilist Jonas Alströmer, mechanical engineer Mårten Triewald, civil servants Sten Carl Bielke and Carl Wilhelm Cederhielm, and statesman/author Anders Johan von Höpken. The purpose of the academy was to focus on practically useful knowledge, and to publish in Swedish language, Swedish in order to widely disseminate the academy's findings. The academy was intended to be different from the Royal Society of Sciences in Uppsala, which had been founded in 1719 and published in Latin language, Latin. The location close to the commercial activities in Sweden's capital (which unlike Uppsala did not have a university at this time) was also intentional. The academy was modeled after the Royal Society of London and Academie Royale des Sciences in Paris, France, which some of the founding members were familiar with.
See also*:Members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Members of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences