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Roberts County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 929, making it the seventh-least populous county in Texas. Its county seat is Miami, which is also the county's only incorporated community. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1889. It is named for Oran Milo Roberts, a governor of Texas. Roberts County is one of six prohibition, or entirely dry, counties in the state of Texas.

History

The Plains Apache inhabited the Texas Panhandle until they were displaced by the Comanche who dominated the area until the 1870s. The Comanche hunted the large herds of buffalo, which grazed on the prairie. In the Red River War of 1874–75, United States Army troops led by Ranald S. Mackenzie drove out the Comanches. Simultaneously, buffalo hunters killed the large herds in the area, destroying the food supply and livelihood of the Plains tribes, making way for permanent settlement by Anglo-Americans. In 1876, Roberts County was carved from Bexar County and the Clay Land District. In 1887, the Southern Kansas Railway was built through Roberts County, and settlers followed. Roberts County is the scene of a recent battle for water rights, where the City of Amarillo, Texas, the Canadian River Municipal Water Authority, and T. Boone Pickens have sought to purchase the water rights within the county. Between the three, they own 80% of the water rights.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of , of which (0.01%) is covered by water. The county is relatively flat except for the Canadian River valley. Most of the land is used for cattle ranching. The county contains the Mesa Vista Ranch, which seeks to protect quail, dove, and pheasant habitat along the creek beds south of the Canadian River.

Major highways

* U.S. Highway 60 * 20px State Highway 70

Adjacent counties

* Ochiltree County (north) * Lipscomb County northeast) * Hemphill County (east) * Gray County (south) * Carson County (southwest) * Hutchinson County (west) * Hansford County (northwest) * Wheeler County (southeast)

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, 887 people, 362 households, and 275 families were residing in the county. The population density was less than 1/km2 (1/sq mi). The 449 housing units averaged less than 1 per sq mi (0/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.51% White, 0.34% African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 1.35% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. About 3.16% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. In terms of ancestry, 26.4% were of German, 19.3% were of Irish, 19.2% were of English, 8.5% were of French, 7.5% were of Belgian, 4.2% were of Scottish, and 3.8% were of Dutch. Of the 362 households, 31.8% had children under 18 living with them, 70.7% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were not families. About 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, theage distribution was 25.0% under 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.30 males. The median income for a household in the county was $44,792, and for a family was $50,400. Males had a median income of $33,125 versus $23,611 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,923. About 5.00% of families and 7.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 5.50% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

Roberts County was one of the earliest counties in Texas to turn Republican. The last Democrat to win the county in a presidential election was Harry S. Truman in 1948, and although Truman won 75.84% of the county's ballots at that election, no Democrat since has passed 40% of the vote recorded by Texas native Lyndon Johnson in his landslide national victory over Barry Goldwater. Jimmy Carter in 1976 was the last Democrat to pass 30% of the county's vote. In recent years, Roberts County has become almost unanimously Republican. In 2008, 92% of voters voted for Republican John McCain versus only 7.92% for Democrat Barack Obama, making it one of the most Republican counties in the United States. In the 2016 presidential election, Republican Donald Trump received 94.58% of the vote, the largest margin in a county for a Republican in the U.S. that election. Roberts was again Trump's strongest county in 2020, and he won it by an even stronger margin: 96.2%-3.1% (see chart below). The county is governed by an elected county judge and four commissioners (each elected by a precinct within the county).

Communities



City

* Miami (county seat)

Unincorporated community

* Wayside

See also

* Dry counties * List of museums in the Texas Panhandle * National Register of Historic Places listings in Roberts County, Texas * Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Roberts County

References



External links


Roberts County government’s website
*
Roberts County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
{{authority control Category:1889 establishments in Texas Category:Pampa, Texas micropolitan area Category:Texas Panhandle Category:Populated places established in 1889