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Rieti (; lat, Reate, Sabino: ) is an ancient town and ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a Administrative division, local administrative division of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides essential public services: Civil registry, registry of births a ...
'' in
Lazio Lazio (, ; ; la, Latium, ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy, administrative regions of Italy. Situated in the Central Italy, central peninsular section of the country, it has 5,864,321 inhabitants – making it the second most populated region o ...

Lazio
, central Italy, with a population of 47,700. It is the
administrative seatAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration within a particular sovereign state. This particular usage of the word government re ...
of the
province of Rieti The Province of Rieti ( it, Provincia di Rieti) is a Provinces of Italy, province in the Lazio region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Rieti. Established in 1927, it has an area of with a total population of 157,887 people as of 2017. There ...
and see of the
diocese of Rieti The Diocese of Rieti ( la, Dioecesis Reatina (-S. Salvatoris Maioris)) is a Latin Church ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Catholic Church in Italy. It is immediately Exemption (Catholic canon law), exempt to the Holy See.
, as well as the modern capital of the Sabina region. The town centre stands on a small hilltop, commanding from the southern edge the wide
Rieti valley The Rieti Valley or Rieti Plain ( it, Piana Reatina or ''Conca Reatina'') is a small plain in central Italy, where lies the city of Rieti, Lazio. It is also known as Sacred Valley and Holy Valley ( it, Valle Santa) since saint Francis of Assisi liv ...
, at the bottom of the Sabine hills and of
monti Reatini Monti Reatini is a mountain range in the central Apennines, Italy.The highest peak is the Monte Terminillo (2217 m), home to ski resorts and a favorite destination of tourism References

Mountain ranges of the Apennines, Reatini Mountai ...
, including
mount Terminillo Monte Terminillo is a massif in the Monti Reatini, part of the Abruzzi Apennine range in central Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy ...
. The plain was once a large lake, drained by the ancient Romans, and is now the fertile basin of the
Velino River :''For the mountain with the same name, see Monte Velino Monte Velino is a mountain (2,487 m) in the province of L'Aquila The Province of L'Aquila ( it, Provincia dell'Aquila) is the largest, most mountainous and least densely populated pr ...
. Only the small Ripasottile and Lungo lakes remain of the larger original.


History


Prehistory

According to the legend, Reate was founded by Rea, a divinity (that would be the origin of the town name). It was founded at the beginning of the Iron Age (9th–8th century BC). Probably in earlier times the lands around Rieti were inhabited by
Umbri The Umbri were an Italic people The Italic peoples were an ethnolinguistic group identified by their use of Italic languages a branch of the Indo-European language family. The Italic peoples are descended from the Indo-European speaking peoples ...
, then by
Aborigines Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
and later on by
Sabines The Sabines (; lat, Sabini; grc, Σαβῖνοι ''Sabĩnoi''; it, Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic peoples, Italic people that lived in the central Apennine Mountains of the ancient Italian Peninsula, also inhabiting Latium north of the An ...
, who reached the lands sited in the nearby of Tevere river.


Ancient era

Reate was originally a major site of the
Sabine The Sabines (; lat, Sabini; it, Sabini, all exonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Sou ...

Sabine
nation well before the foundation of
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
. According to the legend, when
Romulus Romulus () was the legendary founder Founder or Founders may refer to: Places *Founders Park, a stadium in South Carolina, formerly known as Carolina Stadium * Founders Park, a waterside park in Islamorada, Florida#In popular culture, Islamora ...
founded Rome, Romans kidnapped Sabine women in order to populate the town (
The Rape of the Sabine Women The Rape of the Sabine Women ( ), also known as the Abduction of the Sabine Women or the Kidnapping of the Sabine Women, was an incident in Roman mythology Roman mythology is the body of myths of ancient Rome as represented in the Latin l ...

The Rape of the Sabine Women
) and this led to a war between Romans and Sabines. The
battle of the Lacus Curtius In Roman mythology Roman mythology is the body of traditional stories pertaining to ancient Rome In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman people, Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to th ...
came to an end only when the women threw themselves between the armies, begging the men who were by then their relatives to stop fighting. Romulus and
Titus Tatius According to the Roman foundation myth, Titus Tatius was the king of the Sabines The Sabines (; lat, Sabini; grc, Σαβῖνοι ''Sabĩnoi''; it, Sabini, all exonyms) were an Italic peoples, Italic people that lived in the central Apenn ...
relented and a collaboration between the two people started. According to an account more based on history, Sabines settled on the Quirinale because of their continuous need for grazing-lands. After the final
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...
conquest, carried out by
Manius Curius Dentatus 200px, Curius Dentatus refusing wealth in favour of a turnip, as depicted by Jacopo Amigoni Manius Curius Dentatus (died 270 BC), son of Manius, was a three-time consul Consul (abbrev. ''cos.''; Latin plural ''consules'') was the title of one o ...
in the early 3rd century BC (290 BC), the village became a strategic point in the early Italian road network, dominating the "salt" track (
Via Salaria The Via Salaria was an ancient Roman road Roman roads ( la, viae Romanae ; singular: ; meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the ...
) that linked Rome to the Adriatic Sea through the Apennines. Many lands of Reate and
Amiternum Amiternum was an ancient Sabine city, then Roman city and later bishopric and Latin catholic titular see in the central Abruzzo region of modern Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links= ...

Amiternum
were confiscated and allocated to Romans. From the outset, Sabines were offered Roman citizenship but without voting rights, until in 268 BC they gained full citizenship, and were incorporated into two new tribes ( Velina and Quirina). Curius Dentatus drained a large portion of the lake by diverting the Velino river into the Nera (thus giving birth to
Marmore Falls
Marmore Falls
). The wide area once occupied by the lake turned into a fertile plain (the
Rieti Valley The Rieti Valley or Rieti Plain ( it, Piana Reatina or ''Conca Reatina'') is a small plain in central Italy, where lies the city of Rieti, Lazio. It is also known as Sacred Valley and Holy Valley ( it, Valle Santa) since saint Francis of Assisi liv ...
). Following Roman customs, the land was split into characteristic square allotments. The town itself underwent significant development, being re-organised according to typical Roman urban standards (e.g., two crossed roads make up the settlement's backbone), and was fortified with strong walls. A stone bridge was laid across the Velino river, and a large viaduct was built to bring goods from the Via Salaria directly to Rieti's southern gate. Roman Reate receives a number of mentions in Latin literature, thanks to its flourishing soil, its valued assets, and some peculiarities of the surroundings (such as wandering islands and hollow-subsurfaced fields).
Cicero Marcus Tullius Cicero ( ; ; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Ancient Rome, Roman statesman, lawyer, scholar, philosopher and Academic skepticism, Academic Skeptic, who tried to uphold optimate principles during crisis of ...

Cicero
, for instance, describes the tensions between Reate and Interamna (
Terni Terni ( , ; lat, Interamna (Nahars)) is a city in the southern portion of the region of Umbria Umbria ( , ) is a of central . It includes Lake and , and is crossed by the River . It is the only landlocked region on the . The regional capita ...

Terni
) following the lake drainage, and refers to the country houses (villae) that his friend Q. Axius owned in the plain. One of the most important Sabine families that gained success in Rome was the Gens Flavia, from which Emperor
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
Titus Flavius Vespasianus
(who started the building of the
Colosseum The Colosseum ( ; it, Colosseo ) is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy, just east of the Roman Forum. It is the largest ancient amphitheatre ever built, and is still the largest standing amphitheatre in the world tod ...

Colosseum
, also known as the Amphitheatrum Flavium) descended. The Reatin poet and writer
Marcus Terentius Varro Marcus Terentius Varro (; 116–27 BC) was one of ancient Rome's greatest scholars and a prolific author. He is sometimes called Varro Reatinus to distinguish him from his younger contemporary Varro Atacinus. Biography Varro was born in or near ...
was born in 116 BC and he is usually referred to as the father of Roman erudition.


Middle Ages

After the fall of the
Western Roman Empire The Western Roman Empire comprises the western provinces of the Roman Empire The Roman Empire ( la, Imperium Rōmānum ; grc-gre, Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, Basileía tôn Rhōmaíōn) was the post-Republican Republican ...

Western Roman Empire
Rieti suffered destruction by Barbarians, but never ceased to be an important
gastald A gastald (Latin ''gastaldus'' or ''castaldus'', Italian language, Italian ''gastaldo'' or ''guastaldo'') was a Lombards, Lombard official in charge of some portion of the royal demesne (a gastaldate, ''gastaldia'' or ''castaldia'') with civil, mart ...
ate during the Lombard domination, as part of the
Duchy of Spoleto The Duchy of Spoleto (Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional I ...
. Under the Franks, it was the county capital. It was sacked by the
Saracens upright 1.5, Late 15th century German woodcut depicting Saracens Saracens () were primarily Arab Muslims, but also Turkish people, Turks, Persian people, Persians or other Muslims as referred to by Christian writers in Europe during the Middle Ag ...
in the 9th and 10th century and by the Norman king
Roger II of Sicily Roger II ( it, Ruggero II; 22 December 1095 – 26 February 1154) was King of Sicily Sicily ( it, Sicilia ; scn, Sicilia ) is the in the and one of the 20 of . It is one of the five and is officially referred to as ''Regione Siciliana ...

Roger II of Sicily
in 1149. The city was rebuilt with the help of the Roman comune, and from 1198 was also a free commune, of
Guelph Guelph ( ; 2016 Canadian Census population 131,794) is a city in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Known as "The Royal City", Guelph is roughly east of Kitchener, Ontario, Kitchener and west of Downtown Toronto, at the intersection of Highway 6 (O ...
orientation, with a
podestà Podestà (, English: Potestate, Podesta) was the name given to the holder of the highest civil office in the government of the cities of Central Central is an adjective usually referring to being in the center (disambiguation), center of some pl ...
of its own. As a favourite Papal seat, Rieti was the place of important historical events: Constance of Hauteville married here by proxy
Emperor Henry VI Henry VI (Heinrich VI) (November 1165 – 28 September 1197), a member of the House of Hohenstaufen, Hohenstaufen dynasty, was List of German monarchs, King of Germany (King of the Romans) from 1169 and Holy Roman Emperor from 1191 until his death ...

Emperor Henry VI
(1185).
Charles I of Anjou Charles I (early 1226/12277 January 1285), commonly called Charles of Anjou, was a member of the royal Capetian dynasty and the founder of the second House of Anjou. He was Count of Provence (1246–85) and County of Forcalquier, Forcalquier (12 ...

Charles I of Anjou
was crowned King of Apulia, Sicily and Jerusalem by
Pope Nicholas I Pope Nicholas I ( la, Nicolaus I; c. 800 – 13 November 867), called Nicholas the Great, was the bishop of Rome A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted ...

Pope Nicholas I
in 1289.
Pope Gregory IX Pope Gregory IX ( la, Gregorius IX; born Ugolino di Conti; c. 1145 or before 1170 – 22 August 1241) was head of the Catholic Church The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the , with 1.3 billion Cathol ...

Pope Gregory IX
celebrated canonized St. Dominic in Rieti (1234).


Late Middle Ages and modern era

After the Papal seat had been moved to
Avignon Avignon (, ; ; oc, Avinhon, label= Provençal or , ; la, Avenio) is the prefecture A prefecture (from the Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. L ...

Avignon
, Rieti was conquered by the King of Naples, while inner struggles between
Guelphs and Ghibellines The Guelphs and Ghibellines (, , ; it, guelfi e ghibellini ) were faction Faction or factionalism may refer to: * Political faction, a group of people with a common political purpose * Faction (literature), a type of historical novel based o ...
broke out. In 1354 it was won back by Cardinal Albornoz, and it later became a feudal seigneury of the Alfani family within the
Papal States The Papal States ( ; it, Stato Pontificio), officially the State of the Church ( it, Stato della Chiesa, ; la, Status Ecclesiasticus; also '), were a series of territories in the Italian Peninsula The Italian Peninsula (Italian Ital ...
. More of the surrounding plain was drained in the following century, but this led to confrontation with the neighboring
Terni Terni ( , ; lat, Interamna (Nahars)) is a city in the southern portion of the region of Umbria Umbria ( , ) is a of central . It includes Lake and , and is crossed by the River . It is the only landlocked region on the . The regional capita ...

Terni
. Rieti was province capital of the Papal States from 1816 to 1860. After the
unification of Italy The unification of Italy ( it, Unità d'Italia ), also known as the ''Risorgimento'' (, ; meaning "Resurgence"), was the 19th-century political and social movement that resulted in the consolidation of different states of the Italian Penins ...
, it was initially part of
Umbria it, Umbro (man) it, Umbra (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , ...

Umbria
, being annexed to Lazio in 1923. It became the provincial capital on January 2, 1927.


Climate

Rieti has a warm-summer mediterranean climate (
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
: Csb), which in contrast to most of dry-summer Italy, which mostly has a
hot-summer mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degre ...
(
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
: Csa).


Government


Main sights

The ancient Sabine and Roman city was crowded with buildings, including baths (''thermae''). Only scarce remains were found during excavations in 19th and 20th century: the foundations of a large temple, the stone floor of the main square (forum), walls from private houses, concrete vaults, statues and pottery items. The most striking remains are the stone bridge across the Velino river and the viaduct. Piazza San Rufo is traditionally considered to be the exact centre of Italy (Latin ''Umbilicus Italiae''). Other sights include: *'' Rieti Cathedral'': Construction started in 1109 over a pre-existing basilica, was consecrated in 1225 and almost entirely rebuilt in 1639. It has a stunning
Romanesque Romanesque may refer to: In art and architecture *First Romanesque, or Lombard Romanesque architectural style *Pre-Romanesque art and architecture, a term used for the early phase of the style *Romanesque architecture, architecture of Europe wh ...
bell tower from 1252. The entrance portico leads to a 13th-century portal. The interior, on Latin cross plan with one nave and two aisles, has mainly Baroque decorations, including a ''St. Barbara'' sculpted by Giannantonio Mari (1657), probably designed by
Bernini Gian Lorenzo (or Gianlorenzo) Bernini (, , ; Italian Giovanni Lorenzo; 7 December 159828 November 1680) was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simp ...

Bernini
.
Antoniazzo Romano ''Annunciation'' by Antoniazzo da Romano, in the church of Rome.html"_;"title="Santa_Maria_sopra_Minerva,_Rome">Santa_Maria_sopra_Minerva,_Rome. Antoniazzo_Romano,_born_Antonio_di_Benedetto_Aquilo_degli_Aquili_(c._1430_–_c._1510)_was_an_Sant ...

Antoniazzo Romano
contributed a fresco. It also houses canvases from 16th and 17th centuries. The crypt corresponds to the most ancient part of the church, consecrated in 1157. The Baptistery has an elegant 15th-century baptismal font. *''Palazzo Vescovile'' ("Bishops Palace" or "Papal Palace"): Construction begun in 1283. Noteworthy are the loggia and eight Renaissance-style windows from 1532. The lower floor is occupied by the so-called "Volte del Vescovado", a great portico with two naves of Gothic arcades. The Grand Hall houses the Diocese Gallery. *''Palazzo Comunale'' ("Town Hall", 13th century, rebuilt in the 18th century), facing Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, a square corresponding to the ancient Roman forum. The Palace houses the town museum ( Museo Civico di Rieti) which hosts works by
Antoniazzo Romano ''Annunciation'' by Antoniazzo da Romano, in the church of Rome.html"_;"title="Santa_Maria_sopra_Minerva,_Rome">Santa_Maria_sopra_Minerva,_Rome. Antoniazzo_Romano,_born_Antonio_di_Benedetto_Aquilo_degli_Aquili_(c._1430_–_c._1510)_was_an_Sant ...

Antoniazzo Romano
,
Antonio Canova Antonio Canova (; 1 November 1757 – 13 October 1822) was an Italians, Italian Neoclassical sculpture, Neoclassical sculptor, famous for his marble sculptures. Often regarded as the greatest of the Neoclassical artists,. his sculpture was in ...

Antonio Canova
,
Bertel Thorwaldsen Bertel Thorvaldsen (; 19 November 1770 – 24 March 1844) was a Danes, Danish sculptor and medallist, medalist of international fame, who spent most of his life (1797–1838) in Italy. Thorvaldsen was born in Copenhagen into a working-class Dani ...
. *''Palazzo del Governo'', with a noble loggia from 1596. *''Bishop's Arch'', a bridge built by Boniface VIII. * San Pietro Martire - church of St. Peter Martyr (13th century), with luxurious golden Baroque decorations. It has a ''Presentation of Christ to the Temple'' by Giovanni Battista Gaulli. *''Palazzo Vicentini'', attributed to Giuliano da Sangallo the Younger. *Walls of Rieti; Walls date from first half of the 13th century, with characteristical rounded and square towers. *''Sant'Agostino'': 13th century
Gothic Gothic or Gothics may refer to: People and languages *Goths or Gothic people, the ethnonym of a group of East Germanic tribes **Gothic language, an extinct East Germanic language spoken by the Goths **Crimean Gothic, the Gothic language spoken by ...
-style church restored in the 18th century). The portal has a fresco of ''Madonna with Child and Saints Augustine and Nicholas'' (1354) of Sienese school. *'' San Francesco'': church begun in 1245, radically restored in 1636). The interior has a single nave. The original frescoes from the 14th-15th centuries depicting scenes from the life of St. Francis and the Virgin and Child are now in the Diocese Museum and in the Palazzo Vescovile. * ''
Teatro Flavio Vespasiano
Teatro Flavio Vespasiano
'' is the city's theater and opera house, built in the late 19th century. *''Palazzo Vecchiarelli'': late Renaissance palace designed by
Carlo Maderno from Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption ...
. *'' Sant'Antonio al Monte'': 15th century monastery and church * San Domenico Also interesting are the sights in the Lake Lungo and Ripasottile Natural Preserve, and the Mount Terminillo.


Notable people

*
Marcus Terentius Varro Marcus Terentius Varro (; 116–27 BC) was one of ancient Rome's greatest scholars and a prolific author. He is sometimes called Varro Reatinus to distinguish him from his younger contemporary Varro Atacinus. Biography Varro was born in or near ...
(116–27 BC),
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...
scholar and writer. *
Antonio Gherardi
Antonio Gherardi
(1638–1702) Italian painter, architect, and sculptor (stuccoist). *
Giuseppe Ottavio PitoniImage:Pitoni.jpg, 200px, Giuseppe Ottavio Pittoni Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni (Rieti, 18 March 1657 – Rome, 1 February 1743) was an Italian organist and composer. He became one of the leading musicians in Rome during the late Baroque era, the first hal ...
(1657–1743),
composer A composer (Latin wikt:compono, ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a person who writes musical composition, music, especially classical music in any form, including vocal music (for a Singing, singer or choir), instrumental mus ...

composer
. * Giuseppe Ferrari (1840–1905),
painter Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after application to a substrate in a thin layer, converts to a solid film. It is most commonly used to protect, ...

painter
. * Elio Augusto Di Carlo (1918–1998) Italian ornithologist, historian and physician. *
Renzo De Felice Renzo De Felice (8 April 1929 – 25 May 1996) was an Italian historian, who specialized in the Fascist era, writing, among other works, a 6000-page biography of Mussolini (4 volumes, 1965–1997). He argued that Mussolini was a revolutionary mod ...

Renzo De Felice
(1929–1996),
historian A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the stu ...
of
Fascism Fascism () is a form of far-right, authoritarian ultranationalism characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition, and strong regimentation of society and the economy that rose to prominence in early 20th-century Europ ...

Fascism
. *
Kobe Bryant Kobe Bean Bryant ( ; August 23, 1978 – January 26, 2020) was an American professional basketball Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court A co ...

Kobe Bryant
NBA player grew up in Rieti. *
Willie Sojourner Willard Leon Sojourner (September 10, 1948 – October 20, 2005) was an American collegiate and professional basketball player and international coach. He played collegiately at Weber State University and went on to a professional career, winni ...
(1948-2005). NBA player. Played, coached and died in Rieti.
PalaSojourner PalaSojourner is a basketball indoor arena, indoor sporting arena located in Rieti, Italy. The capacity of the arena is 3,500 people. It was the home of AMG Sebastiani Basket and is currently home of N.P.C. Rieti team. It is named after Willie Sojo ...

PalaSojourner
is named after him.


Twin cities

* Ito,
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
, since 1985 * Saint-Pierre-lès-Elbeuf, Seine-Maritime,
Normandy Normandy (; french: link=no, Normandie ; nrf, Normaundie; from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, ...

Normandy
,
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
, since 2000 *
Nordhorn Nordhorn is a town in Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consists of sixteen partly sovereign federated stat ...

Nordhorn
, Lower Saxony,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
, since 2010


Transportation

Rieti is not crossed by any of
Autostrade of Italy The Autostrade (; singular ) are roads forming the Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, ...
; all roads connecting Rieti with other cities are therefore
state highways A state highway, state road, or state route (and the equivalent provincial highway, provincial road, or provincial route) is usually a road that is either ''numbered'' or ''maintained'' by a sub-national state or province A province is almost ...
(''strade statali''), in most cases
single carriageway A single carriageway (British English) is a road with one, two or more lanes arranged within a one carriageway with no central reservation to separate opposing flows of traffic. A single-track road has a single lane with passing places for traffi ...
roads. The most important road link is
strada statale 4 Via Salaria Strada statale 4 ''Via Salaria'' is an State highway (Italy), Italian state highway, linking Rome to the Adriatic sea passing through Rieti and Ascoli Piceno. Its route retraces that of the ancient Via Salaria Roman roads, Roman road. It is a singl ...
, which connects Rieti with
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
at south and with
Ascoli Piceno Ascoli Piceno ; la, Asculum) is a town and ''comune'' in the Marche region of Italy, capital of the province of Ascoli Piceno, province of the same name. Its population is around 47,000 but the urban area of the city has more than 93,000. Geogra ...

Ascoli Piceno
and the
Adriatic sea The Adriatic Sea () is a body of water separating the Italian Peninsula from the Balkans. The Adriatic is the northernmost arm of the Mediterranean Sea, extending from the Strait of Otranto (where it connects to the Ionian Sea) to the northwest ...

Adriatic sea
at north, just like the ancient
Via Salaria The Via Salaria was an ancient Roman road Roman roads ( la, viae Romanae ; singular: ; meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the ...
Roman road Roman roads ( la, viae Romanae ; singular: ; meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Re ...

Roman road
. Other major roads include the
strada statale 79 Ternana File:Strada, Barnes - geograph.org.uk - 1309626.jpg, Strada, Barnes, London Strada is a chain based in the United Kingdom of branded restaurants specialising in Italian cuisine with two Strada sites and six Coppa Clubs, all in Southern England. ...
, which connects Rieti with
Terni Terni ( , ; lat, Interamna (Nahars)) is a city in the southern portion of the region of Umbria Umbria ( , ) is a of central . It includes Lake and , and is crossed by the River . It is the only landlocked region on the . The regional capita ...

Terni
and with the Orte gate of Autostrada A1 (Italy), Autostrada A1; Strada statale 17 dell'Appennino Abruzzese ed Appulo-Sannitico, strada statale 17, which branches from strada statale 4 in Antrodoco, connects Rieti with L'Aquila; strada statale 578 Salto Cicolana, which connects Rieti with Avezzano and with the ''Salto valley'' gate of Autostrada A24 (Italy), A24 and Autostrada A25 (Italy), A25 autostradas. Rieti railway station, Rieti's railway station is located on the regional, low traffic Terni–Sulmona railway, with trains to
Terni Terni ( , ; lat, Interamna (Nahars)) is a city in the southern portion of the region of Umbria Umbria ( , ) is a of central . It includes Lake and , and is crossed by the River . It is the only landlocked region on the . The regional capita ...

Terni
and L'Aquila. There is no direct railway link between Rieti and
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
, as the construction of such railway has been subject of a long debate but never took place; Rome can be reached by bus or by catching a train to the Terni railway station, Terni station, where direct trains to Rome can be found. The Rieti Airport is mainly used by small private planes and for gliding.


Sport

* Stadio Raul Guidobaldi in Rieti hosts every year since 1971 the Rieti Meeting, an international Athletics (sport), athletics event known for the many world records settled here, to the point that Steve Cram defined Rieti as "a Mecca for middle-distance runners looking for fast times". Example of these include Jamaican sprinter Asafa Powell, who ran the then world record time of 9.74 s in the 100 meters at the Rieti meeting on September 9, 2007 (the record stood until Usain Bolt broke it on 31 May 2008) and Kenyan runner David Rudisha, who ran a world record time of 1:41.01 in the 800 meters at the Rieti meeting on August 29, 2010 (the record stood until Rudisha beat his own mark at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, running a 1:40:91 on August 9, 2012). * The 2013 European Athletics Junior Championships, 2013 edition of European Athletics Junior Championships were held at the Stadio Raul Guidobaldi in Rieti. * Rieti is the base of a strong Athletics (sport), athletics movement, with an average of one athlete every forty inhabitants. Atletica Studentesca Andrea Milardi, formerly known as ''Atletica Studentesca CARIRI'', is the main athletics team and has been the place where many Italian athletes grew up to become part of the Italy national athletics team. Among them is Andrew Howe, born in Los Angeles but grown up in Rieti,Andrew Howe
by Giorgio Dell'Arti and Massimo Parrini, in ''Catalogo dei viventi 2009'', Marsilio publishing house.
Angelo Cipolloni, Patrizia Spuri, Roberto Donati, Lorenzo Valentini and many others. * Rieti was home to an important basketball team, AMG Sebastiani Basket, AMG Sebastiani, which played in the
PalaSojourner PalaSojourner is a basketball indoor arena, indoor sporting arena located in Rieti, Italy. The capacity of the arena is 3,500 people. It was the home of AMG Sebastiani Basket and is currently home of N.P.C. Rieti team. It is named after Willie Sojo ...

PalaSojourner
arena and won the 1979-80 FIBA Korać Cup, whose players included
Willie Sojourner Willard Leon Sojourner (September 10, 1948 – October 20, 2005) was an American collegiate and professional basketball player and international coach. He played collegiately at Weber State University and went on to a professional career, winni ...
and Joe Bryant (who played in Rieti from 1984 to 1986 and then another 5 years in Italy; his son
Kobe Bryant Kobe Bean Bryant ( ; August 23, 1978 – January 26, 2020) was an American professional basketball Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular court A co ...

Kobe Bryant
, who also became an NBA player, attended school in Rieti and as a result spoke fluent Italian.). After the dissolution of AMG Sebastiani, newer teams were formed such as Nuova AMG Sebastiani Basket Rieti, Nuova AMG Sebastiani, which managed for some years to regain a spot in Italian basketball's Lega Basket Serie A, first division. * The biggest football club in Rieti is Serie C team FC Rieti, which plays at the Stadio Centro d'Italia – Manlio Scopigno. Futsal team Real Rieti Calcio a 5 plays in Italy's Serie A (futsal), premier league.


See also

*Lake of Cutilia


References


External links


Official website of the municipality of Rieti

Rieti's MapRieti Tourist Board
{{Authority control Rieti, Cities and towns in Lazio Roman sites in Lazio