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The Reichsgericht (, ''Reich Court of Justice'') was the supreme criminal and civil court in the
German Reich ''German Reich'' (german: Deutsches Reich, ) was the constitutional name for the German nation state A nation state is a state in which a great majority shares the same culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social b ...
from 1879 to 1945. It was based in
Leipzig Leipzig (, ; Upper Saxon: ) is the most populous city in the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony. With a population of 605,407 inhabitants as of 2021 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it surpasses the Saxon c ...

Leipzig
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. The Supreme Court was established when the Reichsjustizgesetze (Imperial Justice Laws) came into effect and it built a widely regarded body of jurisprudence during the period of the
German Empire The German Empire or the Imperial State of Germany,, officially '.Herbert Tuttle Herbert Tuttle (1846–1894) was an American historian. Biography Herbert Tuttle was born in Bennington, Vermont Bennington is a New England town, town ...
and
Weimar Republic The Weimar Republic (german: Weimarer Republik ) was the German state from 1918 to 1933 when it functioned as a federal constitutional republic. The state was officially named the German Reich (german: Deutsches Reich, link=no, label=none), ...
. During the rise of the
Third Reich Nazi Germany, (lit. "National Socialist State"), ' (lit. "Nazi State") for short; also ' (lit. "National Socialist Germany") officially known as the German Reich from 1933 until 1943, and the Greater German Reich from 1943 to 1945, was ...
, the Reichsgericht became deeply embroiled in the
National Socialist Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an attitude Attitude may refer to: Philosophy and psychology * Attitude (psychology) In ...
agenda. It even involved itself in matters of
Nazi Nazism ( ), officially National Socialism (german: Nationalsozialismus, ), is the ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about th ...
Matrimonial and Contract Law before enactment of the
Nuremberg Laws The Nuremberg Laws (german: link=no, Nürnberger Gesetze, ) were antisemitic Antisemitism (also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. A person who holds such positions is ca ...

Nuremberg Laws
. During and after the Nazi period it received criticism for the ease, and even willingness, with which it provided the highest level of formal legal justification for Nazi programs. Immediately after the end of
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, the Reichsgericht was dissolved, and reformed into the German High Court for the ''Unified Economic Region'' (
Trizone The Bizone () or Bizonia was the combination of the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA) ...
), the
Allied occupation zones Allied-occupied Germany (, literally "Germany in the occupation period") was the administration of Germany () upon German Instrument of Surrender, defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II, when the victorious Allies of World War II, Allies assert ...
of France, the United Kingdom and the United States.


Building

Located in Leipzig,
Saxony Saxony (german: Sachsen ; Upper Saxon Upper Saxon (german: Obersächsisch, ; ) is an East Central German East Central German (german: Ostmitteldeutsch) is the eastern, non-Franconian languages, Franconian Central German language, part o ...

Saxony
, Germany, the building (german: Reichsgerichtsgebäude) was designed by Ludwig Hoffmann and
Peter Dybwad
Peter Dybwad
, and construction was completed in 1895. It is designed in the renaissance architecture, Italian renaissance style and features two large courtyards, a central cupola and a large portico at the entrance.Reichsgericht, Leipzig
/ref> The rich decorative gable and sculptures are by Otto Lessing (sculptor), Otto Lessing. After the reunification, the former Reichsgericht building was renovated and became the seat of the Bundesverwaltungsgericht (Federal Administrative Court).


List of presidents


References

{{Authority control Legal history of Germany Former supreme courts, Germany Buildings and structures in Leipzig Defunct courts 1879 establishments in Germany 1945 disestablishments in Germany Courts and tribunals established in 1879 Courts and tribunals disestablished in 1945