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The International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT) is an organization established to promote an understanding of
plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, convert light energy into chemical energy that, through cellular respiration, can later be released to fuel ...

plant
biodiversity Biodiversity is the biological variety and Genetic variability, variability of life, life on Earth. Biodiversity is a measure of variation at the Genetics, genetic, species, and ecosystem level. Terrestrial biodiversity is usually greater near ...

biodiversity
, facilitate international communication of research between
botanists
botanists
, and oversee matters of uniformity and stability in plant names. The IAPT was founded on July 18, 1950, at the Seventh
International Botanical Congress International Botanical Congress (IBC) is an international meeting of botanist Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist ...
in
Stockholm Stockholm (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smalle ...

Stockholm
,
Sweden Sweden ( sv, Sverige ), officially the Kingdom of Sweden ( sv, links=no, Konungariket Sverige ), is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that ...

Sweden
. Currently, the IAPT headquarters is located in
Bratislava Bratislava (, also ; ; formerly ; hu, Pozsony) is the Capital city, capital and largest city of Slovakia. Officially, the population of the city is about 430,000; however, it is estimated to be more than 660,000 - approximately 150% of the off ...

Bratislava
,
Slovakia Slovakia (; sk, Slovensko ), officially the Slovak Republic ( sk, Slovenská republika, links=no ), is a landlocked country in Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to th ...

Slovakia
. Its current president, since 2017, is Patrick S. Herendeen of the
Chicago Botanic Garden The Chicago Botanic Garden is a living plant museum situated on nine islands in the Cook County Cook County is the most populous county (United States), county in the U.S. state of Illinois and the List of the most populous counties in the ...
; vice-president is Gonzalo Nieto Feliner of the Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid; and secretary-general is Karol Marhold of the Plant Science and Biodiversity Centre,
Slovak Academy of Sciences The Slovak Academy of Sciences (in Slovak ''Slovenská akadémia vied'', or SAV) is the main scientific and research institution in Slovakia Slovakia (; sk, Slovensko ), officially the Slovak Republic ( sk, Slovenská republika, links=n ...
, Bratislava. Both the taxonomic journal ''Taxon'' and the series ''Regnum Vegetabile'' are published by the IAPT. The latter series includes the ''
International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants The ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is ...
'', ''Index Nominum Genericorum'', and ''Index Herbariorum''.


Purpose

The IAPT's primary purpose is the promotion and understanding of biodiversity—the discovery, naming,
classification Classification is a process related to categorization Categorization is the human ability and activity of recognizing shared features or similarities between the elements of the experience Experience refers to conscious , an English Paracels ...
, and
systematics Biological Biology is the natural science Natural science is a branch of science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (general), o ...
of plants—for both living and
fossil plants Paleobotany, which is also spelled as palaeobotany, is the branch of botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise th ...
. Additionally, it promotes the study and
conservation Conservation is the preservation or efficient use of resources, or the conservation of various quantities under physical laws. Conservation may also refer to: Environment and natural resources * Nature conservation, the protection and manageme ...
of plant biodiversity, and works to raise awareness of the general public to this issue. The organization also facilitates international cooperation among botanists working in the fields of plant systematics,
taxonomy Taxonomy is the practice and science of categorization Categorization is the human ability and activity of recognizing shared features or similarities between the elements of the experience Experience refers to conscious , an English Par ...
, and
nomenclature Nomenclature (, ) is a system A system is a group of interacting Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. The idea of a two-way effect is essential in the concept of interaction, a ...
. This is accomplished in part through sponsorship of meetings and publication of resources, such as reference publications and journals. The IAPT also seeks to achieve uniformity and stability in plant names. It accomplishes this through the ''
International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants The ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is ...
'', previously known as the ''International Code of Botanical Nomenclature'', and through the oversight of the International Bureau for Plant Taxonomy and Nomenclature.


Publications and online resources

The association's official journal is ''Taxon'', the only medium for the publication of both proposals to conserve or reject namesIAPT Strategic Plan
" (PDF). 2004. ''Taxon'' 53 (1): 2.
and proposals to amend the ''
International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants The ''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (ICN) is the set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal botanical name A botanical name is a formal scientific name In taxonomy Taxonomy (general) is ...
.''


''Regnum Vegetabile''

''Regnum Vegetabile'' is a series of books on topics of interest to plant taxonomists. Many of the volumes are literature surveys or monographs in the area of plant systematics. There are several volumes of general use: *''International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants'' (vol. 159, 2018, ''ICN''), a set of rules and recommendations dealing with the formal names that are given to plants. The current edition is known as the "Shenzhen Code", as it was drafted in 2017 at the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress in Shenzhen, China. *''International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants'', 8th edition (vol. 151, 2010), a companion to the ''ICN'' that sets forth rules regarding the names of plant
cultivar A cultivar is a type of plant that people have bred for desired traits, which are reproduced in each new generation by a method such as grafting, tissue culture or carefully controlled seed production. Most cultivars arise from purposeful human ...
s. *''Index Nominum Genericorum'' (vols. 100-102 & 113), an index of all published
generic Generic or generics may refer to: In business * Generic term, a common name used for a range or class of similar things not protected by trademark * Generic brand, a brand for a product that does not have an associated brand or trademark, other t ...
names covered by the ''ICN'', including the place of publication and information about the type species. The index is prepared in collaboration with the Smithsonian Institution. An electronic version is available online. *''Index Herbariorum'', the first six editions (vol. 15, 31, 86, 92, 93, 106, 109, 114, 117, 120), a directory and guide to the
herbaria A herbarium (plural: herbaria) is a collection of preserved plant Plants are predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energy transformation, convert light energy into chemical ener ...
of the world, including contact information, abbreviation codes, and important collections located in each herbarium. Nowadays, the ''Index Herbariorum'' is an online database, managed by The New York Botanical Garden, and available for on-line searching. *''International Directory of Botanical Gardens'' (updated as vol. 95, 1977), a directory to
botanical garden A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms ''botanic'' and ''botanical'' and ''garden'' or ''gardens'' are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word ''botanic'' is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens. is ...

botanical garden
s and
arboreta An arboretum (plural: arboreta) in a general sense is a botanical collection composed exclusively of trees. More commonly a modern arboretum is a botanical garden containing living collections of woody plants and is intended at least in part for s ...

arboreta
around the world. The series includes many additional volumes of interest to specialists in specific subdisciplines of botany, in addition to the ones listed above.


Databases

In addition to electronic versions of its print publications, the IAPT maintains the "Names in Current Use", a database of scientific names of extant botanical genera.


Awards

The IAPT established two Engler Medals in honour of
Adolf Engler Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (25 March 1844 – 10 October 1930) was a Germany, German botanist. He is notable for his work on alpha taxonomy, plant taxonomy and phytogeography, such as ''Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien'' (''The Natural Plant F ...
in 1986: the Engler Medal in Gold awarded every six years for outstanding lifetime contributions to plant taxonomy and presented since 1987 at each International Botanical Congress (IBC), and the Engler Medal in Silver (medal sensu lato) awarded from 1987 to 2001 for a monograph or other work in systematic botany and presented from 1990 to 2002 at various meetings, congresses, symposia, etc. In 2002 the latter medal was divided into three awards for outstanding publications in these areas: the Engler Medal in Silver (medal sensu stricto) awarded for monographic or floristic plant systematics; the Stafleu Medal awarded for historical, bibliographic, and/or nomenclatural aspects of plant systematics; and the Stebbins Medal awarded for phylogenetic plant systematics and/or plant evolution. The medals honor
Adolf Engler Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler (25 March 1844 – 10 October 1930) was a Germany, German botanist. He is notable for his work on alpha taxonomy, plant taxonomy and phytogeography, such as ''Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien'' (''The Natural Plant F ...
(24 March 1844–10 October 1930),
Frans Antonie Stafleu Frans Antonie Stafleu (8 September 1921 – 16 December 1997) was a Dutch systematic botanist, former Chair of the Institute of Systematic Botany at the University of Utrecht Utrecht University (UU; nl, Universiteit Utrecht, formerly ''Rijksu ...
(8 September 1921–16 December 1997), and George Ledyard Stebbins, Jr. (6 January 1906–19 January 2000).


References


External links

* *
Index Nominum Genericorum
' *
Index Herbariorum
' {{Authority control Botanical nomenclature Plant taxonomy Botanical societies International scientific organizations Organizations established in 1950