Sir Robert Rees Davies, (6 August 1938 – 16 May 2005) was a Welsh historian.


Davies was born in
Merionethshire , HQ= Dolgellau , Government= Merionethshire County Council (1889-1974) , Origin= , Status= , Start= 1284 , End= , Code= MER , CodeName= ...
, and educated at Bala Grammar School. He was bilingual in Welsh and English.Obituary in ''The Independent'' 23 May 2005, Accessed 11 May 2014
/ref> He received a First in his degree from University College London in 1959, later returning there as a lecturer in 1963. In 1959 he undertook a two-year postgraduate study of the
Duchy of Lancaster The Duchy of Lancaster is the private estate of the British sovereign as Duke of Lancaster. The principal purpose of the estate is to provide a source of independent income to the sovereign. The estate consists of a portfolio of lands, properti ...
’s Welsh lordships in the later Middle Ages at
Merton College, Oxford Merton College (in full: The House or College of Scholars of Merton in the University of Oxford) is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in England. Its foundation can be traced back to the 1260s when Walter de Merton, c ...
under the supervision of K. B. McFarlane. In 1975, he was appointed Professor of History, University College of Wales, Aberystwyth. His 1987 book ''Conquest, Coexistence and Change: Wales 1063–1415'' won him the Wolfson Literary Award for History. In 1992 he became President of the
Royal Historical Society The Royal Historical Society, founded in 1868, is a learned society of the United Kingdom which advances scholarly studies of history. Origins The society was founded and received its royal charter in 1868. Until 1872 it was known as the Histori ...
. In 1995, he was appointed the Chichele Professor of Medieval History at the University of Oxford and made a fellow of All Souls College. From 1995 to 2005 he served as Chairman of the Ancient Monuments Board for Wales. Davies was appointed a Knight Bachelor for services to history in the Queen's
2005 New Year Honours New Year Honours were granted in the United Kingdom and New Zealand at the start of 2005. Among these in the UK were knighthoods awarded to Mike Tomlinson, the educationalist; Derek Wanless, who led a review of the National Health Service; a ...
. He is best known for his reinvigoration of Welsh medieval scholarship and as a pioneer in the study of British history, rejecting earlier Anglo-centric treatments of the medieval histories of Britain and Ireland. In 1966, he married Carys Lloyd Wynne, with whom he had one son and one daughter. Professor Sir Rees Davies died of cancer in Oxford, aged 66.


*1978 ''Lordship and Society in the March of Wales, 1282–1400'' (Oxford: Clarendon Press) *1984 ''Welsh Society and Nationhood: Historical Essays Presented to Glanmor Williams'', jointly edited (Cardiff: University of Wales Press ) *1987 ''Conquest, Coexistence, and Change: Wales, 1063–1415'', part of the Oxford History of Wales (Oxford: Clarendon Press) *1987 ''Wales: the Age Of Conquest, 1063–1415'' *1988 ''The British Isles, 1100–1500: Comparisons, Contrasts, and Connections'' (Edinburgh: J. Donald Publishers) *1990 ''Domination and Conquest: the Experience of Ireland, Scotland and Wales, 1100–1300'' (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press) *1995 ''The Revolt of Owain Glyn Dŵr'' (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press ) *2000 ''The Age of Conquest: Wales, 1063–1415'' (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press) *2000 ''The First English Empire: Power and Identities in the British Isles: 1093–1343'' (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press) *2002 ''Owain Glyn Dwr: trwy ras Duw, Tywysog Cymru'' (Talybont, Ceredigion: Y Lolfa, in Welsh) **English translation by Gerald Morgan: ''Owain Glyndwr: Prince of Wales'' (Talybont, Ceredigion: Y Lolfa, 2009) *2004 ''From Medieval to Modern Wales: Historical Essays in Honour of Kenneth O. Morgan and Ralph A. Griffiths'', edited with Geraint H. Jenkins, (Cardiff: University of Wales Press) *2009 ''Lords and Lordship in the British Isles in the Late Middle Ages'', edited by Brendan Smith, (Oxford: Oxford University Press)


Obituary in the ''Guardian'' 26 May 2005

Obituary in ''History Today'', Volume 55 Issue 9
{{DEFAULTSORT:Davies, Rees 1938 births 2005 deaths Davies, Robert Rees 20th-century Welsh historians Fellows of All Souls College, Oxford Presidents of the Royal Historical Society Commanders of the Order of the British Empire Knights Bachelor British medievalists Chichele Professors of Medieval History 21st-century Welsh historians Alumni of Merton College, Oxford Fellows of the British Academy