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RELX (pronounced "Rel-ex", sometimes written RElX) is a British-Dutch
multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sovereign state that comprises two or more nat ...
information and analytics company headquartered in
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
, England. Its businesses provide scientific, technical and medical information and analytics; legal information and analytics; decision-making tools; and organise exhibitions. It operates in 40 countries and serves customers in over 180 nations. It was previously known as Reed Elsevier, and came into being in 1992 as a result of the merger of Reed International, a British trade book and magazine publisher, and Elsevier, a Netherlands-based scientific publisher. The company is publicly listed, with shares traded on the
London Stock Exchange London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange A stock exchange, securities exchange, or bourse is an exchange Exchange may refer to: Places United States * Exchange, Indiana Exchange is an Unincorporated area, unincorporated community ...
,
Amsterdam Stock Exchange Euronext Amsterdam is a stock exchange A stock exchange, securities exchange, or bourse is an exchange Exchange may refer to: Places United States * Exchange, Indiana Exchange is an Unincorporated area, unincorporated community in Gre ...
and
New York Stock Exchange The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE, nicknamed "The Big Board") is an American stock exchange A stock exchange, securities exchange, or bourse is an exchange Exchange may refer to: Places United States * Exchange, Indiana Exchange is an U ...

New York Stock Exchange
(ticker symbols: London: REL, Amsterdam: REN, New York: RELX). The company is one of the constituents of the
FTSE 100 Index The Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index, also called the FTSE 100 Index, FTSE 100, FTSE, or, informally, the "Footsie" , is a share index Image:Comparison of three stock indices after 1975.svg, 300px, A comparison of three major U.S. stock ...

FTSE 100 Index
,
Financial Times Global 500 The FT Global 500 is an annual snapshot of the world's largest companies to show how corporate fortunes have changed in the past year, highlighting relative performance of countries and sectors. The companies are ranked by market capitalisation M ...
and
Euronext 100 The Euronext 100 Index is the blue chip index Index may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Fictional entities * Index (''A Certain Magical Index''), a character in the light novel series ''A Certain Magical Index'' * The Index, an item on ...
Index.


History

The company, which was previously known as Reed Elsevier, came into being in 1992, as a result of the merger of Reed International, a British trade book and magazine publisher, and
Elsevier Elsevier () is a Netherlands-based publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the creation and ...

Elsevier
, a Netherlands-based scientific publisher. The company re-branded itself as RELX in February 2015.


Reed International

In 1895, Albert E. Reed established a
newsprint Newsprint is a low-cost, non-archival paper Paper is a thin sheet material Material is a substance Substance may refer to: * Substance (Jainism), a term in Jain ontology to denote the base or owner of attributes * Chemical substance, ...
manufacturing operation at Tovil Mill near
Maidstone Maidstone is the largest town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origi ...
,
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert ...

Kent
. The Reed family were
Methodist Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist
s and encouraged good working conditions for their staff in the then-dangerous print trade. In 1965, Reed Group, as it was then known, became a
conglomerate Conglomerate or conglomeration may refer to: * Conglomerate (company) * Conglomerate (geology) * Conglomerate (mathematics) In popular culture: * The Conglomerate (American group), a production crew and musical group founded by Busta Rhymes ** Con ...
, creating its Decorative Products Division with the purchase of
Crown Paints Crown Paints is a major paint Paint is any pigmented liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressible In fluid mechanics Fluid mechanics is the branch of physics concerned with the mechanics Mechanics (Ancient Greek, Greek: ) is ...
, Polycell and
Sanderson Sanderson may refer to: Places * Sanderson, Florida, a town in the United States * Sanderson, Texas, a census-designated place in the United States * Sanderson, West Virginia, an unincorporated community in the United States * Sanderson, Northern T ...
's wallpaper and DIY decorating interests. In 1970, Reed Group merged with the
International Publishing Corporation TI Media (formerly International Publishing Company, IPC Magazines Ltd, IPC Media and Time Inc. UK) was a consumer magazine and digital publisher in the United Kingdom, with a portfolio selling over 350 million copies each year. Most of its titl ...
and the company name was changed to Reed International Limited. The company continued to grow by merging with other publishers and produced high quality trade journals as IPC Business Press Ltd and women's and other consumer magazines as IPC magazines Ltd. In 1985 the company decided to rationalise its operations, focusing on publishing and selling off its other interests. Sanderson was sold to WestPoint Pepperell, Inc. of
Georgia Georgia usually refers to: * Georgia (country) Georgia (, ; ) is a country located at the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is a part of the Caucasus region, bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north and east by ...
,
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
, that year, while Crown Paint and Polycell were sold to
Williams Holdings Williams Holdings was a major British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United K ...
in 1987. The company's paper and packaging production operations were bundled together to form Reedpack and sold to
private equity Private equity (PE) typically refers to investment funds, generally organized as limited partnerships, that buy and restructure companies that are not publicly traded. Private equity is a type of equity and one of the asset classes consisti ...
firm
Cinven Cinven is a global private equity firm A private-equity firm is an investment management company that provides financial backing and makes investments in the private equity Private equity (PE) typically refers to investment funds, genera ...
in 1988.


Elsevier NV

In 1880, Jacobus George Robbers started a publishing company called NV Uitgeversmaatschappij Elsevier (Elsevier Publishing Company NV) to publish literary classics and the encyclopedia ''
Winkler Prins The ''Winkler Prins'' is a Dutch (language), Dutch encyclopedia, founded by the Netherlands, Dutch poet and clergyman Anthony Winkler Prins (1817-1908) and published by Elsevier, which ran through nine editions; the first, issued in 16 volumes ...
''. Robbers named the company after the old Dutch printers family Elzevir, which, for example, published the works of
Erasmus Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus (; English: Erasmus of Rotterdam;''Erasmus'' was his baptismal name, given after St. Erasmus of Formiae. ''Desiderius'' was a self-adopted additional name, which he used from 1496. The ''Roterodamus'' was a schol ...

Erasmus
in 1587. Elsevier NV originally was based in
Rotterdam Rotterdam ( , , ) is the second largest city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2n ...

Rotterdam
but moved to
Amsterdam Amsterdam (, , ) is the Capital of the Netherlands, capital and Municipalities of the Netherlands, most populous city of the Netherlands with a population of 872,680 within the city proper, 1,558,755 in the City Region of Amsterdam, urban ar ...

Amsterdam
in the late 1880s. Up to the 1930s, Elsevier remained a small family-owned publisher, with no more than ten employees. After the war it launched the weekly ''
Elsevier Elsevier () is a Netherlands-based publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the creation and ...
'' magazine, which turned out to be very profitable. A rapid expansion followed. Elsevier Press Inc. started in 1951 in
Houston Houston ( ) is the List of cities in Texas by population, most populous city in Texas, List of United States cities by population, fourth-most populous city in the United States, most populous city in the Southern United States, as well as th ...

Houston
, Texas, USA, and in 1962 publishing offices were opened in London and New York. Multiple mergers in the 1970s led to name changes, settling at "Elsevier Scientific Publishers" in 1979. In 1991, two years before the merger with Reed, Elsevier acquired
Pergamon Press Pergamon Press was an Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2017, its population was estimated at 152,450. It is northwest of London, southeast of Birmingham, and northeast of Bristo ...
in the UK.


Cahners Publishing

Cahners Publishing, founded by
Norman Cahners Norman Lee Cahners (1914–1986) was a major American publisher and philanthropist. The Cahners Publishing Company, which he founded in 1960, had grown into the largest U.S. publisher of trade or business magazines at the time of Cahner's death, th ...
, was the largest U.S. publisher of trade or business magazines as of his death in 1986. Reed Elsevier acquired the company in 1977.


Reed Elsevier and RELX


Significant acquisitions


Significant divestments

In February 1997, Reed Elsevier divested its trade publishing group (including Heinemann,
MethuenMethuen may refer to: *Methuen (surname) *Methuen, Massachusetts, a U.S. city **Methuen High School **Methuen Mall *Baron Methuen, a British title of nobility *Methuen Cove, South Orkney Islands *Methuen Publishing, Methuen & Co. Ltd., a British pu ...
,
Secker & Warburg Harvill Secker is a British publishing company formed in 2005 from the merger of Secker & Warburg and the Harvill Press. History Secker & Warburg Secker & Warburg was formed in 1935 from a takeover of Martin Secker, which was in receivership, ...
,
Sinclair-Stevenson Sinclair-Stevenson Ltd is a British publisher founded in 1989 by Christopher Sinclair-Stevenson. Christopher Sinclair-Stevenson became an editor at Hamish Hamilton in 1961. Thirteen years later in 1974 he became managing director, establishing "a ...
, Mandarin, Minerva and Cedar) to
Random House Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world. The company has several independently managed subsidiaries around the world. It is part of Penguin Random House Penguin Random Hous ...

Random House
. In 1998, Reed Elsevier sold the children's divisions of Heinemann, Methuen, Hamlyn and Mammoth to the
Egmont Group The Egmont Group (formerly The Gutenberghus Group) is a Danish media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication), tools used to deliver information or data ** Advertising media, various media, content, buyi ...
. In February 2007, the company announced its intention to sell Harcourt, its educational publishing division. On 4 May 2007
Pearson Pearson may refer to: Organizations Education *Lester B. Pearson College, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada *Pearson College (UK), London, owned by Pearson PLC *Lester B. Pearson High School (disambiguation) Companies *Pearson PLC, a UK-based int ...
, the international education and information company, announced that it had agreed to acquire
Harcourt Assessment Harcourt Assessment was a company that published and distributed educational and psychological assessment tools and therapy resources and provided educational assessment and data management services for national, state, district and local assessme ...
and Harcourt Education International from Reed Elsevier for $950m in cash. In July 2007, Reed Elsevier announced its agreement to sell the remaining Harcourt Education business, including international imprint Heinemann, to Houghton Mifflin for $4 billion in cash and stock. Between 2006 and 2019, in 65 separate deals, the company systematically sold its 300 print, business to business magazine titles, reducing the proportion of print revenues from 51% to 9%. Advertising, which had been the largest source of revenues when RELX was founded in 1992, represented just 1% of sales in 2018. In July 2009, Reed Elsevier announced its intention to sell most of its North American trade publications, including ''
Publishers Weekly ''Publishers Weekly'' (''PW'') is an American weekly trade news magazine '' 2512'', a monthly news magazine published in Réunion. A news magazine is a typed, printed, and published magazine, radio or television program, usually published wee ...
'', ''
Broadcasting & Cable ''Broadcasting & Cable'' is a weekly telecommunications industryThe telecommunications industries within the sector of information and communication technology Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty Uncertainty ...
'', and ''
Multichannel News ''Multichannel News'' is a magazine and website published by Future US that covers multichannel television and communications providers, such as cable television, cable operators, satellite television firms and telephone company, telephone compan ...
'', although it planned to retain ''
Variety Variety may refer to: Science and technology Mathematics * Algebraic variety, the set of solutions of a system of polynomial equations * Variety (universal algebra), classes of algebraic structures defined by equations in universal algebra Hor ...
''. In April 2010, Reed Elsevier announced that it had sold 21 US magazines to other owners in recent months, and that an additional 23 US trade magazines, including ''Restaurants & Institutions'', ''Hotels'', and ''Trade Show Week'' would cease publication. The closures were mostly due to the weak economy including an advertising slump. ''Variety'', the company's last remaining North American title, was sold in October 2012. In 2014, Reed Business Information sold BuyerZone, an online marketplace; emedia, an American provider of research for IT buyers and vendors; and a majority stake in
Reed Construction Data CMD Group, formerly Reed Construction Data and Construction Market Data, is a provider of business information for the North American construction industry. CMD is owned by ConstructConnect. Its historical roots lie in Construction Market Data, fo ...
, a provider of construction data. In 2016, RELX sold ''Elsevier Weekly'' and ''BeleggersBelangen'' in the Netherlands. In 2017 the company sold ''
New Scientist ''New Scientist'' is a magazine covering all aspects of science and technology. Based in London, it publishes weekly English-language editions in the United Kingdom, the United States, and Australia. An editorially separate organisation publishe ...
'' magazine. In January 2019, RBI sold its Dutch agricultural media and selected international agricultural media portfolio (including ''
Poultry World ''Poultry World'' is a monthly magazine covering the and sectors. Formerly a sister magazine to ', it is now published by Misset Uitgeverij B.V. According to its profile on Media UK, it has a "pleasantly strong editorial approach and is a fine s ...
)'' to Doorakkeren BV. In August 2019, ''
Flight International ''Flight International'' is a monthly magazine A magazine is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of serial publications that appear in a new editi ...
'' and '' FlightGlobal'' were sold to
DVV Media Group DVV Media Group is a global publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the creation and distributio ...
. In December 2019, RBI announced plans to sell the ''
Farmers Weekly ''Farmers Weekly'' is a magazine aimed at the British farming Agriculture in the United Kingdom uses 69% of the country's geography of the United Kingdom, land area, employs 1.5% of its workforce (476,000 people) and contributes 0.6% of its ...
'' magazine title, website and related platforms, events and awards to MA Agriculture Limited, part of the Mark Allen Group.


Operations and market segments


Scientific, Technical & Medical

RELX's Scientific, Technical & Medical business provides information, analytics and tools that help investors make decisions that improve scientific and healthcare outcomes. It operates under the name of Elsevier:
ScienceDirect ScienceDirect is a website which provides access to a large bibliographic database A bibliographic database is a database A database is an organized collection of data Data are units of information Information can be thought of as t ...
, an online database of primary research, contains 13 million documents.
Scopus Scopus is Elsevier Elsevier () is a Netherlands-based publishing Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refe ...
is a bibliographic database containing abstracts and citations for academic journal articles. It contains more than 50 million items in more 20,000 titles from 5,000 publishers worldwide.
Mendeley Mendeley is a company based in London, UK, which provides products and services for academic researchers. It is most known for its Reference management, reference manager which is used to manage and share research papers and generate Bibliography ...
is a desktop and web program for managing and sharing research papers, discovering research data and collaborating online. Elsevier is the world's largest publisher of academic articles. It publishes 420,000 articles a year in about 2,500 journals. Its best-known titles are ''
The Lancet ''The Lancet'' is a weekly peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the work ( peers). It functions as a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a prof ...
'' and ''
Cell Cell most often refers to: * Cell (biology) The cell (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around ...
''. In 1995, ''Forbes'' magazine (wrongly) predicted Elsevier would be "the first victim of the internet" as it was disrupted and disintermediated by the World Wide Web.


Risk Solutions Group

Risk Solutions Group provide decision-making tools which help banks spot money launderers and insurance companies weed out fraudulent claims. The business claims to have saved the state of Florida more than $60 million a year by preventing benefit fraud.


Accuity Inc.

Accuity provides financial crime compliance software which allows institutions to comply with sanctions and anti-money laundering compliance programmes. It offers Know Your Customer, KYC, online subscription-based data and software for the financial services industry. The company's services include helping banks and financial institutions screen for high risk customers and transactions, and providing databases such as Bankers Almanac which allows clients to find and validate bank payment routing data. Accuity serves financial services clients worldwide.


Cirium

Cirium (previously known as FlightGlobal) provides data and analytics products to the travel industry.


Legal

RELX's legal business operates under the
LexisNexis LexisNexis is a corporation that sells data mining Data mining is a process of extracting and discovering patterns in large data set A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items ...

LexisNexis
brand. Many of LexisNexis' brands date back to the nineteenth century or earlier. These include
Butterworths LexisNexis is a corporation that sells data mining Data mining is a process of extracting and discovering patterns in large data set A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items ...
and Tolley in the UK and JurisClasseur in France. In 2019, 85% of its revenues were electronic. The LexisNexis legal and news database contains 119bn documents and records.


Exhibitions

RELX's exhibitions business is called
Reed Exhibitions Reed Exhibitions, also known as RX) is a subsidiary of RELX RELX (pronounced "Rel-ex", sometimes written RElX) is a British-Dutch multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in mul ...
. It is the world's largest exhibitions company, running 500 shows for 140,000 exhibitors and 7m visitors.


Governance

, the board of directors consisted of: * Chief Executive: Erik Engström * Chair: Sir
Anthony Habgood Sir Anthony John Habgood (born 8 November 1946) is a British businessman. He has been chief executive of Bunzl and chairman of Whitbread, RELX Group and of the Court of the Bank of England. He has been described in the ''Financial Times'' as "th ...
* Chief Financial Officer: Nick Luff * Non-executive directors: **
Wolfhart Hauser Wolfhart Gunnar Hauser (born 5 December 1949) is a German businessman, a former executive chairman of FirstGroup, and a former chief executive of Intertek, a British multinational inspection, product testing and certification company, from 2005 to ...
** Robert MacLeod ** Charlotte Hogg ** Adrian Hennah ** Marike van Lier Lels ** Linda Sanford ** Andrew Sukawaty ** Suzanne Wood In 2019, Harvard Business Review ranked Erik Engström the world's 11th best performing CEO. In August 2020, RELX announced Sir Anthony Habgood would retire as Chair, to be replaced by Paul Walker in the first half of 2021.


Corporate affairs


Corporate strategy

From 2011 to 2014, the average annual value of disposals was about $300m. The predictability of the company's results in recent years has led to a re-rating of the shares.


Financial performance


Social responsibility

The RELX Environmental Challenge awards grants to projects advancing access to safe water and sanitation. In 2019, Mike Walsh, CEO of LexisNexis, was honoured by the UN Foundation with a Global Leadership award for the company's work in advancing the Rule of Law - recognizing the company's commitment to strengthening equality under law, transparency of law, independent judiciaries and accessible legal remedy. The Elsevier Foundation supports libraries in developing countries, women scientists and nursing facilities. In 2016 it committed $1m a year, for 3 years, to programmes encouraging diversity in science, technology and medicine and promoting science research in developing countries. Programmes operated by LexisNexis Legal & Professional include: * With the Atlantic Council, launching the first draft of the ''Global Rule of Law Business Principles'' which will help businesses, law firms and NGOs promote and uphold the
rule of law The rule of law is defined in the ''Oxford English Dictionary The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal of the , published by (OUP). It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a compreh ...

rule of law
. * With the International Bar Association, launching an application called ''eyeWitness to Atrocities'', designed to capture GPS coordinates, date and time stamps, sensory and movement data, and the location of nearby objects such as
Wi-Fi Wi-Fi () is a family of wireless network A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes. Wireless networking is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and business installa ...

Wi-Fi
networks. The technology also creates a secure chain of custody to help verify that the images and video has not been edited or digitally manipulated. The goal is to create content that can be used in a court of law to prosecute perpetrators of atrocities and human rights abuses. Programmes operated by LexisNexis Risk Solutions include: * The ''ADAM'' (Automated Delivery of Alerts on Missing Children) programme in the US, developed by employees in 2000, which assists in the recovery of missing children through a system of targeted alerts. the programme has helped trace 177 missing children. * ''Social Media Monitor'', which assists law enforcement officials in investigating serious crimes such as drug dealing and human trafficking.


Controversy


Boycott

Reed Elsevier has been criticised for the high prices of its journals and services, especially those published by Elsevier. It has also supported
SOPA Sopa or SOPA may refer to: * Sopa (tribe), an Albanian tribe of the Sharr Mountains * Lake Sopa, Albania * School of Performing Arts Seoul, an arts high school in Seoul, South Korea * Senior Officer Present Afloat, a term used in the U.S. Navy * ...
,
PIPA The pipa, pípá, or p'i-p'a () is a traditional China, Chinese List of traditional Chinese musical instruments, musical instrument, belonging to the Plucked string instrument, plucked category of instruments. Sometimes called the "Chinese lut ...
and the
Research Works Act The Research Works Act, 102 H.R. 3699, was a bill (proposed law), bill that was introduced in the United States House of Representatives at the 112th United States Congress on December 16, 2011, by Representative Darrell Issa (R-CA) and co-sponsor ...
, although it no longer supports the last. Because of this, members of the scientific community have boycotted Elsevier journals. In January 2012, the boycott gained an online pledge and petition (
The Cost of Knowledge The Cost of Knowledge is a protest by academics against the business practices of academic journal An academic or scholarly journal is a periodical publication Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodic ...
) initiated by mathematician and
Fields medal The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or four mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as quantity ...
ist Sir
Timothy Gowers Sir William Timothy Gowers, (; born 20 November 1963) is a British mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers (arith ...
. The movement has received support from noted science bloggers, such as biologist
Jonathan Eisen Jonathan Andrew Eisen (born August 31, 1968) is an United States, American Evolutionary biology, evolutionary biologist, currently working at University of California, Davis. His academic research is in the fields of evolutionary biology, genom ...
. Between 2012 and November 2015, about 15,391 scientists signed The Cost of Knowledge boycott. In 2016, Elsevier received 1.5 million article submissions.


2019 UC system negotiations

On 28 February 2019 following long negotiations, the
University of California The University of California (UC) is a public university, public Land-grant university, land-grant research university, research university system in the U.S. state of California. The system is composed of the campuses at University of Califor ...
announced it would be terminating all subscriptions with Elsevier.


Privacy

As a
data broker An information broker (IB), also known as a data broker, is an individual or company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal person, ...
Reed Elsevier collected, used, and sold data on millions of consumers. In 2005, a
security breach Security is freedom from, or resilience against, potential Potential generally refers to a currently unrealized ability. The term is used in a wide variety of fields, from physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its ...
occurred through a recently purchased subsidiary, Seisint, which allowed identity thieves to steal the records of at least 316,000 people. The database contained names, current and prior addresses, dates of birth, drivers license numbers and
Social Security number In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to United States nationality law, U.S. citizens, Permanent residence (United States), permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) ...
s, among other data obtained from credit reporting agencies and other sources. In 2008 the company settled an action taken against it by the
Federal Trade Commission The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government Independent agencies of the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. gover ...

Federal Trade Commission
for multiple failures of security practice in how the data was stored and protected. The settlement required Reed Elsevier and Seisint to establish and maintain a comprehensive security program to protect nonpublic personal information.


Defence exhibitions

Between 2005 and 2007, members of the medical and scientific communities, which purchase and use many journals published by Reed Elsevier, agitated for the company to cut its links to the arms trade. Two UK academics, Tom Stafford of
Sheffield University , mottoeng = To discover the causes of things , established = – University of SheffieldPredecessor institutions: – Sheffield Medical School , mottoeng = Art is long, life is short , established = 1828 – Sheffield School ...
and Nick Gill, launched petitions calling for it to stop organising arms fairs. A subsidiary, Spearhead, organised defence shows, including an event where it was reported that
cluster bombs A cluster munition is a form of air-dropped or ground-launched explosive weaponAn explosive weapon generally uses high explosive to project blast wave, blast and/or fragmentation (weaponry), fragmentation from a point of detonation. Explosive ...
and extremely powerful
riot control Riot control measures are used by law enforcement 'Law enforcement'' is the activity of some members of government who act in an organized manner to enforce the law by discovering, deterrence (legal), deterring, rehabilitation (penology), r ...
equipment were offered for sale. In February 2007 Richard Smith, former editor of the ''
British Medical Journal ''The BMJ'' is a weekly Peer review, peer-reviewed Trade magazine, medical trade journal, published by the trade union the British Medical Association (BMA). ''The BMJ'' has editorial freedom from the BMA. It is one of the world's oldest gener ...
'', published an editorial in the ''
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine The ''Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine'' is an open peer-reviewed medical journal A medical journal is a peer-review Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the wor ...
'' arguing that Reed Elsevier's involvement in both the arms trade and medical publishing constituted a conflict of interest. Subsequently, in June the company announced that they would be exiting the defence exhibition business during the second half of the year.


Collaboration with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE)

In November 2019, legal scholars and
human rights activists A human rights defender or human rights activist is a person who, individually or with others, acts to promote or protect human rights Human rights are moral A moral (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to th ...
called on RELX to cease work with U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement because their product
LexisNexis LexisNexis is a corporation that sells data mining Data mining is a process of extracting and discovering patterns in large data set A data set (or dataset) is a collection of data Data (; ) are individual facts, statistics, or items ...

LexisNexis
directly contributes to the
deportation Deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective i ...
of
illegal immigrants Illegal immigration refers to the migration of people into a country in violation of the immigration law Immigration law refers to the national statuteA statute reffers to the body of law that are made by legislature of the nation with instrumen ...

illegal immigrants
.


See also

*


References


Citations


Sources

; General references
Guardian Unlimited, "Bad Science" by Ben Goldacre
about Open Access and DSEI arms trade

historical overview

in-depth article about the company from 2002 (Forbes.com)
"Duncan Palmer Becomes Reed Elsevier CFO"
Online article about the new CFO of Reed Elsevier, accessed 09/17/2012


External links

{{Authority control Bibliographic database providers Book publishing companies of the United Kingdom Companies listed on the London Stock Exchange Companies listed on Euronext Amsterdam Data brokers Multinational companies based in the City of London Multinational companies headquartered in England Multinational publishing companies Publishing companies established in 1992