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Provo ( ) is the fourth-largest city in
Utah Utah ( , ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Utah is a landlocked U.S. state bordered to its east by Colorado, to its northeast by Wyoming, to its north by Idaho, to its so ...

Utah
,
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
. It is south of
Salt Lake City Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or c ...

Salt Lake City
along the
Wasatch Front The Wasatch Front is a metropolitan region in the north-central part of the U.S. state of Utah. It consists of a chain of contiguous cities and towns stretched along the Wasatch Range from approximately Nephi, Utah, Nephi in the south to Brigham C ...

Wasatch Front
. Provo is the largest city and
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
of
Utah County Utah County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is der ...
and is home to
Brigham Young University Brigham Young University (BYU) is a Private education, private research university sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and located in Provo, Utah. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on ...
(BYU).


Description

Provo lies between the cities of
Orem Orem is a city in Utah County Utah County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certai ...
to the north and Springville to the south. With a population at the 2020 census of 115,162. Provo is the principal city in the Provo-Orem metropolitan area, which had a population of 526,810 at the 2010 census. It is Utah's second-largest
metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the cul ...

metropolitan area
after
Salt Lake City Salt Lake City (often shortened to Salt Lake and abbreviated as SLC) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or c ...
. Provo is the home to
Brigham Young University Brigham Young University (BYU) is a Private education, private research university sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and located in Provo, Utah. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on ...
, a private higher education institution operated by
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a nontrinitarian Nontrinitarianism is a form of Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism ...
(LDS Church). Provo also has the LDS Church's largest (MTC). The city is a focus area for technology development in Utah, with several billion-dollar startups. The city's Peaks Ice Arena was a venue for the Salt Lake City Winter Olympics in 2002.
Sundance Resort Sundance Resort, also known as Sundance Mountain Resort, is a ski resort located northeast of Provo, Utah. It spans over on the slopes of Mount Timpanogos in Utah's Wasatch Range. Alpine skiing began on the site in 1944. Actor Robert Redford acqu ...
is northeast, up
Provo Canyon Provo Canyon is located in unincorporated Utah County, Utah, Utah County and Wasatch County, Utah, Wasatch County, Utah. Provo Canyon runs between Mount Timpanogos on the north and Mount Cascade on the south. The canyon extends from Orem, Utah, Or ...

Provo Canyon
. In 2015, ''Forbes'' cited Provo among the "Best Small And Medium-Size Cities For Jobs," and the Bureau of Labor Statistics found Utah County had the year's highest job growth. In 2013, ''Forbes'' ranked Provo the No. 2 city on its list of Best Places for Business and Careers. Provo was ranked first for community optimism (2012) and first in health/well-being (2014).


History

The Provo area was originally called Timpanogas, a
Numic Numic is a branch of the Uto-Aztecan languages, Uto-Aztecan language family. It includes seven languages spoken by Native Americans in the United States, Native American peoples traditionally living in the Great Basin, Colorado River basin, Snake ...
(Ute) word perhaps meaning "rock river". The area was inhabited by the
Timpanogos The Timpanogos (''Timpanog'', Utahs or Utah Indians) were a tribe of Native Americans who inhabited a large part of central Utah—particularly, the area from Utah Lake eastward to the Uinta Mountains The Uinta Mountains ( ) are an east-west tren ...
. It was the largest and most settled area in modern-day Utah. The ample food from the Provo River made the Timpanogos a peaceful people. The area also served as the traditional meeting place for the Ute and
Shoshone The Shoshone or Shoshoni ( or ) are a Tribe (Native American), Native American tribe with four large cultural/linguistic divisions: * Eastern Shoshone: Wyoming * Northern Shoshone: southern Idaho * Western Shoshone: Nevada, northern Utah * Goshu ...

Shoshone
tribes and as a spot to worship their creator. Father
Silvestre Vélez de EscalanteSilvestre is a Spanish and Portuguese given name or surname, or a French surname. Notable people with the name include: Surname * Cindy Silvestre (born 1993), a French kickboxer * Franck Silvestre (born 1967), a retired French footballer *Israe ...
, a Spanish
Franciscan , image = FrancescoCoA PioM.svg , image_size = 250px , caption = A cross, Christ's arm and Saint Francis's arm, a universal symbol of the Franciscans , abbreviation = OFM , predecessor = , ...
missionary-explorer, is considered the first European explorer to have visited the area, in 1776. He was guided by two Timpanogos Utes, whom he called Silvestre and Joaquín. Escalante chronicled this first European exploration across the
Great Basin Desert The Great Basin Desert is part of the Great Basin between the Sierra Nevada (U.S.), Sierra Nevada and the Wasatch Range. The desert is a geographical region that largely overlaps the Great Basin shrub steppe defined by the World Wildlife Fund, an ...
. The Europeans did not build a permanent settlement, but traded with the Timpanogos whom they called Lagunas (lake people) or Come Pescado (fish eaters). In 1847, the
Mormon pioneers The Mormon pioneers were members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a Nontrinitarianism, nontrinitarian, Chris ...
arrived in the Salt Lake Valley, which was just north of Timpanogos Mountain. At first, the Natives were friendly with the Mormons. But, as relations deteriorated with the Shoshoni and Utes because of disputes over land and cattle, tensions rose. Because of the reported stolen goods of settlers by the Utes, Brigham Young gave a small militia orders "to take such measures as would put a final end to their
ndian Ndian is a Departments of Cameroon, department of Southwest Region, Cameroon, Southwest Region in Cameroon. It is located in the humid tropical rainforest zone about southeast of Yaoundé, the capital. History Ndian division was formed in 197 ...
depredations in future." This ended in what is known as the Battle Creek massacre, in modern-day
Pleasant Grove, Utah Pleasant Grove, originally named Battle Creek, is a city in Utah County, Utah, Utah County, Utah, United States known as "Utah's City of Trees". It is part of the Provo, Utah, Provo–Orem, Utah, Orem Provo-Orem metropolitan area, Metropolitan ...
. The Mormons continued pushing into Timpanog lands. In 1849, 33
Mormon Mormons are a religious Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religion. Different re ...
families from Salt Lake City established
Fort Utah Fort Utah (also known as Fort Provo) was the original settlement at Provo, Utah Utah ( , ) is a state in the Mountain West region of the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U. ...

Fort Utah
. In 1850, Brigham Young sent an army from Salt Lake to drive out the Timpanogos in what is called the Provo War. Escalating tensions with the Timpanog contributed to the
Walker War Chief Walkara (c. 1808 – 1855; also known as Wakara, Wahkara, Chief Walker or Colorow) was a Shoshone leader of the Utah Indians known as the Timpanogos, Timpanogo and Sanpete Band. It is not completely clear what cultural group the U ...
. Fort Utah was renamed Provo in 1850 for
Étienne ProvostÉtienne Provost (1785 – 3 July 1850) was a French Canadian French Canadians (also referred to as Canadiens; french: Canadiens français, ; feminine form: , ), or Franco-Canadians (french: Franco-Canadiens), are an ethnic group An ethnic ...
, an early
French-Canadian French Canadians (referred to as Canadiens mainly before the twentieth century ; french: Canadiens français, ; feminine form: , ) are an ethnic group who trace their ancestry to French people, French colonists who settled in Canada (New France) ...
trapper who arrived in the region in 1825. In 1850, the first school house was constructed in Provo, built within Utah Fort. As more
Latter-day Saints The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, often informally known as the LDS Church or Mormon Church, is a Nontrinitarianism, nontrinitarian, Christianity, Christian Restorationism, restorationist church that considers itself to be the Re ...
arrived, Provo quickly grew as a city. It soon was nicknamed ''The Garden City'' with the large number of fruit orchards and gardens there. In 1872, a railroad reached Provo. It was also this year that the Provo Woolen Mills opened. They were the first large factory in Provo and employed about 150 people, initially mainly skilled textile laborers who immigrated from Britain.


Geography

Provo lies in the
Utah Valley Utah Valley is a valley in North Central Utah Utah ( , ) is a U.S. state, state in the Mountain states, Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Utah is a landlocked U.S. state bordered to its east by Colorado, to its no ...
at an elevation of . According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the city has an area of , of which is land and , or 5.66%, is water. The
Wasatch Range The Wasatch Range ( ) or Wasatch Mountains is a mountain range in the western United States that runs about from the Utah-Idaho border south to central Utah. It is the western edge of the greater Rocky Mountains, and the eastern edge of the Gr ...
contains many peaks within
Utah County Utah County is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is der ...
along the east side of the
Wasatch Front The Wasatch Front is a metropolitan region in the north-central part of the U.S. state of Utah. It consists of a chain of contiguous cities and towns stretched along the Wasatch Range from approximately Nephi, Utah, Nephi in the south to Brigham C ...

Wasatch Front
. One of them, known as Y Mountain, towers over the city. There is a large hillside letter ''Y'' made of whitewashed concrete halfway up the steep mountain, built in the early part of the 20th century to commemorate BYU (original plans included construction use of all three letters). Wild deer (and less frequently,
cougar The cougar (''Puma concolor'') is a large cat The cat (''Felis catus'') is a domestic species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well a ...

cougar
s, and
moose The moose (in North America) or elk (in Eurasia) (''Alces alces'') is a member of the New World deer subfamily and is the largest and heaviest extant Extant is the opposite of the word extinct Extinction is the termination of a kind of ...

moose
) still roam the mountains (and occasionally the city streets). The geography allows for hiking,
skiing Skiing is the use of ski A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow. Substantially longer than wide and characteristically employed in pairs, skis are attached to ski boot Ski boots are used in to p ...

skiing
,
fishing Fishing is the activity of trying to catch fish Fish are , , -bearing animals that lack with . Included in this definition are the living , s, and and as well as various extinct related groups. Around 99% of living fish species are ...

fishing
and other outdoor activities.


Climate

Provo's climate can be classified as either a
hot-summer Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the degre ...
classification ( Köppen ''Csa'') or as a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen ''BSk''). Overall, annual rainfall at the location of Brigham Young University is around ; however, the western part of the metropolitan area near Orem is substantially drier, receiving only around of precipitation and consequently has a cool semi-arid climate (Köppen ''BSk''). The wettest calendar year in Provo has been 1983 with and the driest 2020 with . Winters are cold with substantial snowfall averaging and a record monthly total of in January 1918, during which the record snow cover of was record on the 17th. Seasonal snowfall has ranged from in 1983–84 to in 2014–15. Very cold weather may occur when cold air from over the
Continental Divide A continental divide is a drainage divide on a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven regions are commonly regarded as co ...

Continental Divide
invades the region: although only four mornings fall to or below during an average winter and this temperature was not reached at all between 1999 and 2006, during the very cold January 1917 (average temperature ), seventeen mornings fell this cold. By contrast, in several recent winters like 1994–95, 1995–96, 1999–2000, 2004–05 and 2005–06, averages have been above freezing during every month. Temperatures warm rapidly during the spring, with the first afternoon over on March 21, the last freeze expected on April 29, and the first temperature equal to or hotter than on May 30. Rainfall is not infrequent during the spring: over was recorded in the Mays of 1995 and 2011, and a total of fell during the four-month span of March to June 2005 – in contrast as little as fell in the same months of 2012. Being too far north to gain any influence from the monsoon except in rare cases like the rainfall of August 1983, Provo's summers are hot and dry, though relatively short – no maxima above have been recorded outside the range of June 7 to August 27. Monthly maxima average over in July and August, and precipitation averages under one inch per month with a two-month total in 2016 as low as . The hottest month on record is July 2003 with a mean of , and a mean maximum of . The hottest temperature on record is on July 13, 2002. The fall season sees steady cooling and a transition to winter weather, with rare influences of rain systems from further south, as in the record wet month of September 1982 which saw of total precipitation, including over the last six days from a storm moving from Arizona. The last maximum of can be expected around September 10, and the first morning below freezing on October 14.


Demographics


2010 census

At the
2010 census2010 census may refer to: * 2010 Chinese Census * 2010 Dominican Republic Census * 2010 Indonesian census * 2010 Malaysian Census * 2010 Russian Census * 2010 Turkish census * 2010 United States Census * 2010 Zambian census {{Disambiguation ...
, 112,488 people, 31,524 households and 21,166 families resided in the city. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was . The racial makeup of the city was 84.8%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
, 0.7%
Black or African American Black is a color which results from the absence or complete Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), absorption of visible spectrum, visible light. It is an achromatic color, without hue, like white and gray. It is often used symbolically or fig ...
, 0.8% American Indian, 2.5%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 1.1%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of island An island (or isle) ...
, 6.6% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 3.4% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and B ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin Am ...
of any race were 15.2% of the population. There were 31,524 households, of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.4% were
married couples in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them ...

married couples
living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 12.8% of all households were made up of a single individual, and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.24 and the average family size was 3.41. 22.3% of residents are under the age of 18, 36.4% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 10.5% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.


2000 census

At the 2000 census, 105,166 people, 29,192 households and 19,938 families resided in the city. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was . There were 30,374 housing units at an average density of . The racial makeup of the city was 88.52%
White White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
, 0.46%
Black or African American Black is a color which results from the absence or complete Absorption (electromagnetic radiation), absorption of visible spectrum, visible light. It is an achromatic color, without hue, like white and gray. It is often used symbolically or fig ...
, 0.80% American Indian, 1.83%
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
, 0.84%
Pacific Islander Pacific Islanders, Pacificer, Pasifika, or Pasefika, are the peoples of the Pacific Islands This is a list of islands in the Pacific Ocean, collectively called the Pacific Islands. Three major groups of island An island (or isle) ...
, 5.10% from
other races Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, and 2.44% from two or more races.
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and B ...
or
Latino Latino or Latinos most often refers to: * Latino (demonym), a term used in the United States for people with cultural ties to Latin America * Hispanic and Latino Americans in the United States * The people or cultures of Latin America; ** Latin Am ...
of any race were 10.47% of the population. There were 29,192 households, of which 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were
married couples in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a culturally recognised union between people, called spouses, that establishes rights and obligations between them, as well as between them and their children, and between them ...

married couples
living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 11.8% of all households were made up of a single individual, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34 and the average family size was 3.40. 22.3% of residents were under the age of 18, 40.2% from 18 to 24, 23.2% from 25 to 44, 8.6% from 45 to 64, and 5.7% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males. The
median household income The median income is the income amount that divides a population into two equal groups, half having an income above that amount, and half having an income below that amount. It may differ from the mean (or average) income. The income that occurs ...
was $34,313 and the median family income was $36,393. Males had a median income of $32,010 and females $20,928. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
was $13,207. About 12.5% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 14.4% of those under age 18 and 4.3% of those age 65 or over. The residents of Provo are predominantly members of the LDS Church, commonly referred to as
Mormons Mormons are a religious Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, morals, beliefs, worldviews, religious text, texts, shrine, sanctified places, prophecy, ...
. According to data taken in 2000 by the ARDA, 88% of the overall population, and 98% of religious adherents in the Provo-Orem area are Latter-day Saints. According to a study in 2015, the Provo-Orem metro area is about as dissimilar to the rest of America as possible. Weighing factors such as race, housing, income and education, the study ranked Provo-Orem 376th of 381 of the United States' largest cities in terms of resemblance to the country.


Religion

The breakdown in 2010 for Utah County was as follows: Most people (90.6%) were Christian, with Latter-day Saints constituting 88.7% of the population.
Catholics The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with 1.3 billion baptised Baptism (from the Greek language, Greek noun βάπτισμα ''báptisma'') is a Christians, Christian ...
constituted 1.3% and
Protestants Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers perceived to be Criticism of the Catholic Church, errors in the Catholic Church. Protestants originating in the Ref ...
constituted 0.6%. Other religions constituted 0.3% of the population. 9.1% of the population did not adhere to any religion.


Economy


Local companies

Provo has more than 100
restaurants A restaurant (), or an eatery, is a business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or e ...

restaurants
(with over 60 in the downtown area) and a couple of
shopping center A shopping center (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, America ...
s. The Shops At Riverwoods and Provo Towne Centre, both
shopping mall A shopping mall (or simply mall) is a North American term for a large indoor shopping center A shopping center (American English) or shopping centre (Commonwealth English), also called a shopping complex, shopping arcade, shopping plaza or ga ...

shopping mall
s, operate in Provo. Several small shops, music venues and boutiques have popped up downtown, along Center Street and University Avenue. Downtown has also begun to host "gallery strolls" every first Friday of the month that feature local artists. There are many dining establishments in and around downtown Provo. A few exclusively downtown Provo examples include A Beuford Giffords, also known as ABGs, one of only two bars in Provo and the only bar to host
live music A concert is a live music performance in front of an audience. The performance may be by a single musician, sometimes then called a recital, or by a musical ensemble, such as an orchestra, choir, or musical band, band. Concerts are held in ...

live music
every weekend; and Tommy Burger, a burger stand noted for burgers and
Chicago-style hot dog A Chicago-style hot dog, Chicago Dog, or Chicago Red Hot is an all-beef frankfurter on a poppy seed bun, originating from the city of Chicago, Illinois (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption ...

Chicago-style hot dog
s. Five Provo companies are listed on Inc.com's Inc. 5000 list of the fastest-growing private companies in the United States. The largest, DieCuts With a View, is ranked number 1403 and has revenues of $26.2 million. Other companies on the list are VitalSmarts (ranked 4109, with $41.4 million in revenue), and Connect Public Relations (ranked 3694, with $6.1 million in revenue). The global recreation and entertainment company Ryze Trampoline Parks, with locations throughout Asia, Europe and the U.S., is headquartered in Provo.
Novell Novell, Inc. was an American software and services company headquartered in Provo, Utah Provo is the third-largest city in Utah, United States. It is south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. Provo is the largest city and county se ...

Novell
, the dominant personal computer networking company from the mid-1980s through mid-1990s, was headquartered in Provo and occupied several buildings there at the height of its success. It was eventually acquired by
The Attachmate Group SuSE employees at a Beijing conference, in 2014 during the Attachmate Group era The Attachmate Group, Inc. was a privately held software holding company based in Houston, Texas in the United States. The major companies held by the group were At ...
and then by
Micro Focus Micro Focus International plc is a British multinational corporation, multinational software industry, software and information technology business based in Newbury, Berkshire, England. The firm provides software and consultant, consultancy. Th ...
, which still maintains facilities there. The Food & Care Coalition is a local organization providing services to the homeless and low-income citizens of Provo and Utah County. They also provide
volunteer Volunteering is a voluntary act of an individual or group freely giving time and labour for community service. Many volunteers are specifically trained in the areas they work, such as medicine, education, or emergency rescue. Others serve on an ...

volunteer
opportunities.


International companies

*
Action Target Action Target is a manufacturer of custom shooting ranges and portable steel targets for military, law enforcement, Special Forces groups, tactical training schools, and commercial applications based in Provo, Utah.http://www.PR.com. October 22, 201 ...
, a shooting range manufacturer. *
Aquaveo Aquaveo is a Computer simulation, modeling software company based in Provo, Utah that develops software used to model and simulate groundwater, Drainage basin, watershed, and surface water resources. Its main software products include SMS (hydrolog ...
is a water modeling software company. * Morinda Bioactives (formerly Tahitian Noni International) is a multi-level marketing health and skin care manufacturer whose products are based on the Tahitian fruit called
noni ''Morinda citrifolia'' is a fruit-bearing tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae. Its native range extends across Southeast Asia and Australasia, and was spread across the Pacific by Polynesian navigation, Polynesian sailors. The species is now cu ...

noni
. *
North American Arms North American Arms is a United States company, headquartered in Provo, Utah, that manufactures pocket pistols and mini-revolvers, also called mouse guns. The company was originally named ''Rocky Mountain Arms'' when it was founded in 1972. In 1974 ...
, a firearms manufacturer. * Nu Skin Enterprises, a multi-level marketing firm for skin care products, was founded in 1984. *
Qualtrics Qualtrics is an American experience management company, with co-headquarters in Seattle, Washington and Provo, Utah in the United States. The company was founded in 2002 by Scott M. Smith, Ryan Smith (businessman), Ryan Smith, Jared Smith, and ...
, a private research software company. *
Vivint Vivint Smart Home, Inc. is a company in the United States and Canada. It was founded by and in 1999. Vivint delivers an integrated system with in-home consultation, professional delivered by its Smart Home Pros, as well as and monitoring. ...

Vivint
(formerly APX Alarm Security Solutions) is a residential security company with customers.


Top employers

According to Provo's 2019 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city were:


Arts and culture


Annual cultural events

Every July, Provo hosts
America's Freedom Festival at ProvoAmerica's Freedom Festival at Provo (also America's Freedom Festival or Freedom Festival) is a private, non-profit, non-political foundation known for organizing more than 25 annual patriotic events in and around Provo, Utah Provo is the third-l ...
which includes the Stadium of Fire at BYU. It is held in
LaVell Edwards Stadium LaVell Edwards Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in Provo, Utah, on the campus of Brigham Young University (BYU). Primarily used for college football, it is the home field of the BYU Cougars football, BYU Cougars, an NCAA Division I FBS indepe ...
, home to BYU's
NCAA The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and o ...
football Football is a family of s that involve, to varying degrees, a to score a . Unqualified, normally means the form of football that is the most popular where the word is used. Sports commonly called ''football'' include (known as ''soccer'' ...

football
team. The Independence Day festivities are popular among residents and have featured such notable figures as
Bob Hope Leslie Townes "Bob" Hope (May 29, 1903 – July 27, 2003) was a British-American British American usually refers to Americans Americans are the Citizenship of the United States, citizens and United States nationality law, nati ...

Bob Hope
,
David Hasselhoff David Michael Hasselhoff (born July 17, 1952), nicknamed "The Hoff", is an American actor, singer, producer, television personality, and businessman. He has set a Guinness World Record as the most watched man on TV. Hasselhoff first gained r ...
,
Reba McEntire Reba Nell McEntire (born March 28, 1955), or known simply by her first name, Reba, is an American country music, country singer, songwriter, and actress. She began her career in the Music of the United States, music industry as a high school stu ...
,
Mandy Moore Amanda Leigh Moore (born April 10, 1984) is an American singer, songwriter, and actress. She rose to fame with her debut single, "Candy Candy, also called sweets (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A st ...

Mandy Moore
,
Huey Lewis and the News Huey Lewis and the News is an American rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chem ...
,
Toby Keith Toby Keith Covel (born July 8, 1961) is an American country music, country singer, songwriter, actor, and record producer. Keith released his first four studio albums—1993's ''Toby Keith (album), Toby Keith'', 1994's ''Boomtown (Toby Keith alb ...
,
Sean Hannity Sean Patrick Hannity (born December 30, 1961) is an American talk show A talk show (or chat show in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and s ...
,
Fred Willard Frederick Charles Willard Jr. (September 18, 1933 May 15, 2020) was an American actor, comedian, and writer. He was best known for his roles in the Rob Reiner mockumentary film '' This Is Spinal Tap''; the Christopher Guest mockumentaries ''Wait ...

Fred Willard
, and
Taylor Hicks Taylor Reuben Hicks (born October 7, 1976) is an American singer who won the fifth season of ''American Idol ''American Idol'' is an American singing Reality competition, competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by F ...

Taylor Hicks
. In 2015, the event included performances by Journey and
Olivia Holt Olivia Hastings Holt (born August 5, 1997) is an American actress and singer. She starred in the Disney XD series ''Kickin' It'', Disney Channel Original Movie ''Girl vs. Monster'', and the Disney Channel Original Series ''I Didn't Do It (TV ser ...
, and was hosted by television personality
Montel Williams Montel Brian Anthony Williams (born July 3, 1956) is an American former television host, actor and motivational speaker. He is best known as host of the long-running daytime tabloid talk show '' The Montel Williams Show'', which ran in syndicatio ...
. Provo has two other large festivals each fall. Festival Latinoamericano is an annual family-oriented Labor Day weekend event in downtown Provo that offers the community a taste of the region's
Hispanic The term ''Hispanic'' ( es, hispano) refers to people, cultures Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior Social behavior is behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and ...
culture through ethnic food, vendors, and performances. The city has hosted an annual LGBT Provo Pride Festival since 2013.


Points of interest


Covey Center for the Arts

The Covey Center for the Arts, a performing arts center, is at 425 West Center Street. It features plays, ballets, art showcases and musical performances throughout the year. The size of the building is 42,000 total square feet. The main performance hall seats 670 people. There are three dance studios furnished with piano, ballet bars and mirrors. Another theater, the Brinton Black Box Theater, seats 60 for smaller, more intimate events. There are also two art galleries: the 1,620 square-foot Secured Gallery and the Eccles Gallery in the lower lobby.


LDS Church Missionary Training Center

Provo is the location of the church's largest missionary training center. Each week approximately 475
missionaries A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to promote their faith or provide services, such as education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), ...
enter for 3–9 weeks of training before they depart for the mission field, becoming part of more than 58,000 in more than 120 countries. About 1,100 instructors (many of them returned missionaries) teach 62 languages. The MTC in Provo began construction in July 1974 and was completed in July 1976. The MTC was expanded in the early 1990s to become the largest of the 17 such centers then in the world. Additional construction was completed in 2017.


Provo City Library at Academy Square

The
Provo City Library The Provo City Library is a public library serving residents of Provo, Utah, Provo and Orem, Utah, Orem in the U.S. state of Utah. It occupies the building of the former Brigham Young Academy, which was built in 1892. In 1976, the building was add ...
is a public library which occupies the building of the former Brigham Young Academy built in 1892. The building was added to the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
in 1976. Its collection contains over 277,000 media. The library is on University Avenue and 550 North.


Provo Recreation Center

With construction finished in 2013, the center provides a location for aquatic recreation next to the Provo Power plant.


Provo Utah Temple

The Provo Utah Temple is at the base of Rock Canyon in Provo. This temple is among the busiest in the LDS Church due to its proximity to BYU and the MTC.


Provo City Center Temple

Located at the corner of University Avenue and Center Street, the Provo City Center Temple serves as another temple for the Provo area's Latter-day Saint population. After a fire in 2010 destroyed the Provo Tabernacle,
Thomas S. Monson Thomas Spencer Monson (August 21, 1927 – January 2, 2018) was an American religious leader, author, and the List of presidents of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 16th President of the Church (LDS Church), President of The Churc ...

Thomas S. Monson
, then LDS Church
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
, announced the site would become the city's second temple. Renovations were finished and the temple was dedicated in March 2016.


Utah Valley Convention Center

The Utah Valley Convention Center opened in 2012. It has 83,578 square feet of combined meeting, pre-function and garden space.


Lakeside Storage and Museum

Lakeside Storage and Museum is the largest Petroliana Museum of its kind in the World. It has more original porcelain Gas/Oil signs posted on poles than any other collection.  The Museum includes the oldest Brands of gas and oil begun in Utah in 1908 known as the Utah Oil Refining Company and later revised to UTOCO.  The museum also includes antique gas pumps, airplanes, antique cars, and fuel delivery vehicles, as well as a Steam-powered and other powered antique tractor collection.  It is a free family-friendly and photo-friendly site to visit next to Utah Lake State Park in Provo.


Other points of interest

* Bridal Veil Falls (Utah), Provo Canyon, Utah County, Utah - A scenic waterfall 10 miles Northeast of Provo * Brigham Young University Arboretum * BYU Museum of Paleontology *
LaVell Edwards Stadium LaVell Edwards Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in Provo, Utah, on the campus of Brigham Young University (BYU). Primarily used for college football, it is the home field of the BYU Cougars football, BYU Cougars, an NCAA Division I FBS indepe ...
- home of the NCAA college football BYU Cougars as well as Stadium of Fire, an annual 4th of July fireworks show and concert * Marriott Center, The Marriott Center - home of the NCAA college basketball BYU Cougars. The Marriott Center is also used for large university gatherings, such as devotionals, guest lectures, and graduation ceremonies * (Mount Timpanogos) Timpanogos Peak - the mountain forms the northern horizon of Provo * Peaks Ice Arena, hockey venue for the 2002 Winter Olympic Games * The Provo River, a river known for fishing and the Provo River Parkway, a paved bicycle and walking trail adjacent to the river * Reed O. Smoot House, a National Historic Landmark, at 183 East 100 South * Seven Peaks Water Park, the largest water park in Utah. * The Shops At Riverwoods, a center of residences, retails, and entertainment at the mouth of
Provo Canyon Provo Canyon is located in unincorporated Utah County, Utah, Utah County and Wasatch County, Utah, Wasatch County, Utah. Provo Canyon runs between Mount Timpanogos on the north and Mount Cascade on the south. The canyon extends from Orem, Utah, Or ...

Provo Canyon
* Timpanogos Cave National Monument * Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest, a national forest on the
Wasatch Front The Wasatch Front is a metropolitan region in the north-central part of the U.S. state of Utah. It consists of a chain of contiguous cities and towns stretched along the Wasatch Range from approximately Nephi, Utah, Nephi in the south to Brigham C ...

Wasatch Front
bordering the east edge of Provo and Utah Valley * Utah Lake, a fresh-water lake popular for fishing, boating, and other recreational activities


Government

Federally, Provo is part of Utah's 3rd congressional district, represented by Republican John Curtis (Utah politician), John Curtis, elected in 2017.


City administration

Provo is administered by a seven-member city council and a mayor. Five of the council seats are elected by individual districts of the city, and two of the seats are elected by the city as a whole. These elected officials serve four year terms, with elections alternating every two years. Provo has a Mayor–council government, which creates two separate but equal branches of government. The mayor is chief executive of the city and the council is the legislative and policy making body of the city. The mayor is Michelle Kaufusi, who has been in office since December 5, 2017.


Education


Higher education

BYU is a private university operated by the LDS Church. BYU is the List of largest United States university campuses by enrollment, third-largest private university in the United States, with more than 34,000 students. It is the flagship of the Church Educational System of higher education. On the campus is the Spencer W. Kimball Tower, the tallest building in Provo. Rocky Mountain University of Health Professions is a private, for-profit university emphasizing graduate healthcare education. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Colleges and Universities (NWCCU). RMUoHP offers programs in nursing practice, physical therapy, occupational therapy and health science. RMUoHP will be building Utah County's first new medical school. Provo College is a private, for-profit educational institution that specializes in career education. The school is accredited by the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools (ACICS). Provo College offers associate degrees and diplomas in fields such as nursing, medical assisting, criminal justice, graphic design, and office administration.


Primary and secondary education

All public schools in Provo are run through the Provo School District. The school board has seven members, each representing a different district of the city. There are thirteen elementary schools, two middle schools, and three high schools. Provo High School was the first school in Utah County to be an IB World school. The school has a record of 4A state basketball championships, more state champions than any other school in the state. Timpview High School has a record of 4A state football championships.


Transportation

Interstate 15 in Utah, Interstate 15 runs through western Provo, connecting it with the rest of the Wasatch Front and much of Utah. U.S. Route 89 in Utah, US-89 runs northwest to southeast through the city as State Street, while U.S. Route 189, US-189 connects US-89 with I-15, BYU, and Orem to the north. At the north edge of the city, US-189 heads northeast into
Provo Canyon Provo Canyon is located in unincorporated Utah County, Utah, Utah County and Wasatch County, Utah, Wasatch County, Utah. Provo Canyon runs between Mount Timpanogos on the north and Mount Cascade on the south. The canyon extends from Orem, Utah, Or ...

Provo Canyon
, where it connects with Heber City, Utah, Heber. Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Provo station (Amtrak), Provo station, operating its ''California Zephyr'' daily in both directions between Chicago, Illinois, and Emeryville, California, Emeryville, California (in the San Francisco Bay Area). Provo also can be accessed by Greyhound Bus Lines and the extensive Utah Transit Authority (UTA) bus system. UTA's Commuter rail in North America, commuter rail service, the ''FrontRunner'', opened an extension to Provo from Salt Lake City on December 10, 2012. The Provo station (Utah Transit Authority), Provo Intermodal Center, adjacent to the Amtrak station, connects the ''FrontRunner'' with local bus routes, as well as Greyhound service. The Provo Municipal Airport is Utah's second busiest airport in terms of the number of aircraft take-offs and landings. Allegiant Airlines offers commercial service to Phoenix, Arizona, Phoenix, Los Angeles, and Tucson, Arizona, Tucson. Salt Lake City International Airport is the closest international airport.


People

Provo is home to (or the hometown of) many well-known people, including The Osmonds (including Donny Osmond, Donny, Marie Osmond, Marie, and the Osmond Brothers), LDS Church Apostle (LDS Church), apostle Dallin H. Oaks, and NFL and BYU quarterback Steve Young. Robert Redford also maintains a home at the nearby
Sundance Resort Sundance Resort, also known as Sundance Mountain Resort, is a ski resort located northeast of Provo, Utah. It spans over on the slopes of Mount Timpanogos in Utah's Wasatch Range. Alpine skiing began on the site in 1944. Actor Robert Redford acqu ...
, just up Provo Canyon. Goodwin Knight, who served as the 35th Governor of California (1947–1953) was born in Provo. The global economist Dambisa Moyo moved to Provo following her marriage to
Qualtrics Qualtrics is an American experience management company, with co-headquarters in Seattle, Washington and Provo, Utah in the United States. The company was founded in 2002 by Scott M. Smith, Ryan Smith (businessman), Ryan Smith, Jared Smith, and ...
co-founder Jared Smith.


Sister cities

Provo has three sister cities designated by Sister Cities International: * Nanning, China * Chengdu, China * Meissen, Germany In popular culture Provo is mentioned on the arcade game Rad Mobile by Sega.


See also

* List of cities and towns in Utah


References


External links

*
Provo historical images
at the Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University
Aerial view of Provo, Utah, MSS SC 2962
at L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library,
Brigham Young University Brigham Young University (BYU) is a Private education, private research university sponsored by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and located in Provo, Utah. The university is accredited by the Northwest Commission on ...
* {{Authority control Provo, Utah, Cities in Utah Cities in Utah County, Utah County seats in Utah Populated places established in 1849 Wasatch Front 1849 establishments in the United States