The Third Republic of Vietnam, ( vi|Đệ Tam Việt Nam Cộng Hòa) abbreviated as the DTVNCH, also referred to its former name as the Provisional National Government of Vietnam ( vi|Chính phủ Quốc gia Việt Nam Lâm thời), is a claimed government in exile
, headquartered in Orange County
and other Little Saigon
communities. The organization aims for an anti-communist Vietnam.
The Provisional National Government of Vietnam was formed by former soldiers and refugees from the former South Vietnamese regime
on 21 October 1990 and was officially founded on 16 February 1991, led by Prime Minister Dao Minh Quan
, who was elected by the representatives of three generations of Vietnamese diaspora in the United States. He succeeded Mr. Nguyen Tran who was elected as Prime Minister previously.
In November 2018, Prime Minister Quan Minh Dao was reelected as the new President of the newly created "Third Republic of Vietnam". The inauguration ceremony was held at the base in Adelanto and at the Hilton Hotel. Participants came from numerous countries, including Australia and Vietnam. During the ceremony, the US government's staff gave speeches and expressed hope that the newly elected President would work closely with the US.
In January 2018, the government in exile was labeled by the Vietnamese Ministry of Public Security
as a "terrorist organization", claiming the group was responsible for plans to commit "acts of terrorism and sabotage, and assassinate officials."
People affiliated with the organization have been arrested and convicted in Vietnam of "operations to overthrow the people's administration". Citing that the Third Republic of Vietnam aims to overthrow the government, and linking them to an arson at a police facility and a bombing at an airport, officials have charged several dozen political activists, resulting in prison sentences of up to 14 years.
Outside of Vietnamese media, there is very little coverage of the organization or their alleged connection with terrorism. The communist Vietnamese government routinely jails activists, including US citizen Michael Nguyen in July 2018 while on vacation with his family. He was accused of planning a protest at an APEC
event in 2017, and was recently sentenced to 12 years in prison. The U.S. Embassy spokesman in Hanoi stated the DTVNCH is not designated as a terrorist group by the US Department of State
Quan Minh Dao has always expressed opposition towards the current Vietnamese government
, seen notably in his letter to a California court:Đơn kịên CSVN do CPQGVNLT sẽ đ̣ê nạp Tòa Hình Sự Quốc Tế ṭai Tây Ban Nha (Span)
Provisional National Government of Vietnam
Category:1990 establishments in California
Category:Political parties established in 1990
Category:Organizations based in Orange County, California
Category:Libertarian organizations based in the United States
Category:Politics of Vietnam