HOME

TheInfoList



Progressivism is a
political philosophy Political philosophy is the philosophical study of government, addressing questions about the nature, scope, and legitimacy of public agents and institutions and the relationships between them. Its topics include politics, liberty, justice, prop ...

political philosophy
in support of
social reform A reform movement is a type of social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a particular goal, typically a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting popul ...
. Based on the
idea of progress upright=1.14, alt=Painting depicting a woman draped in white robes flying westward across the land with settlers and following her on foot, John Gast, ''American Progress'', Progress is the movement towards a refined, improved, or otherwise de ...
in which advancements in
science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (general), organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and predictions about the u ...

science
,
technology Technology ("science of craft", from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''techne'', "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and , ''wikt:-logia, -logia'') is the sum of any Art techniques and materials, techniques, skills, Scientific method, methods, and Business ...

technology
,
economic development In the economic study of the public sector, economic and social development is the process by which the economic well-being Well-being, also known as ''wellness'', ''prudential value'' or ''quality of life'', refers to what is intrinsically ...
and
social organization In sociology Sociology is a social science Social science is the Branches of science, branch of science devoted to the study of society, societies and the Social relation, relationships among individuals within those societies. The te ...
are vital to the improvement of the
human condition The human condition is all of the characteristics and key events that compose the essentials of human existence, including birth Birth is the act or process of bearing or bringing forth offspring, also referred to in technical contexts as par ...
, progressivism became highly significant during the
Age of Enlightenment The Age of Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Reason or simply the Enlightenment); ger, Aufklärung, "Enlightenment"; it, L'Illuminismo, "Enlightenment"; pl, Oświecenie , "Enlightenment"; pt, Iluminismo, "Enlightenment"; es, link=n ...
in Europe, out of the belief that Europe was demonstrating that societies could progress in
civility Civility comes from the word ''civis'', which in Latin means "citizen". Merriam Webster defines civility as civilized conduct (especially: courtesy or politeness) or a polite act or expression. Historically, civility also meant training in the huma ...
from uncivilized conditions to civilization through strengthening the basis of
empirical knowledge Empirical evidence is the information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What an entity is" and thus defines both its essence and the nature of its characteristics. The concept of ' ...
as the foundation of society.Harold Mah
Enlightenment Phantasies: Cultural Identity in France and Germany, 1750–1914
Cornell University. (2003). p. 157.
Figures of the Enlightenment believed that progress had
universal Universal is the adjective for universe. Universal may also refer to: Companies * NBCUniversal, a media and entertainment company ** Universal Animation Studios, an American Animation studio, and a subsidiary of NBCUniversal ** Universal TV, a te ...
application to all societies and that these ideas would spread around the world from Europe. The early-20th century concept of progressivism emerged from the vast
social change Social change involves alteration of the social order The term social order can be used in two senses: In the first sense, it refers to a particular system of social structures and institution Institutions, according to Samuel P. Huntingt ...
s brought about by
industrialization Factories, refineries, mines, and agribusiness are all elements of industrialisation Industrialisation ( alternatively spelled industrialization) is the period of social and economic change that transforms a human group from an agrarian societ ...
and the
Second Industrial Revolution The Second Industrial Revolution, also known as the Technological Revolution, was a phase of rapid standardization Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standard A technical standard is ...
the late 19th century. Progressives took the view that progress was being stifled by vast
economic inequality 270px, Global share of wealth by wealth group, Credit Suisse, 2021 There are wide varieties of economic inequality, most notably measured using the distribution of incomeIn economics Economics () is the social science that studies ho ...
; minimally regulated monopolistic
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law "born out of statute"; a legal person in legal ...

corporation
s; and the intense and often violent conflict between laborers and economic elites, arguing that measures were needed to address these problems. The meaning of progressivism has varied over time and differs depending on perspective. Early-20th century progressivism included proponents of
eugenics Eugenics ( ; from Greek εὐ- 'good' and γενής 'come into being, growing') is a set of beliefs and practices that aim to improve the genetic quality of a human population Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widesp ...
and the
temperance movement The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Participants in the movement typically criticize alcohol intoxication or promote complete abstinence from alcohol (teetotalism), and its leaders emphasize ...
, both of which were promoted in the name of public health and as initiatives toward that goal. In modern politics, progressivism is generally considered part of the left-liberal tradition. In the 21st century, a movement that identifies as progressive is "a social or political movement that aims to represent the interests of ordinary people through political change and the support of government actions".


History


From the Enlightenment to the Industrial Revolution

Immanuel Kant Immanuel Kant (, , ; 22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German Philosophy, philosopher and one of the central Age of Enlightenment, Enlightenment thinkers. Kant's comprehensive and systematic works in epistemology, metaphysics, ethic ...

Immanuel Kant
identified progress as being a movement away from
barbarism Barbarism, barbarity, or barbarous may refer to: * Barbarism (linguistics), a non-standard word, expression, or pronunciation ** Hybrid words, formerly called "barbarisms" * Any society construed as barbarian ** Barbarian invasions, a period of mi ...

barbarism
towards
civilization  A civilization (or civilisation) is a complex society A complex society is a concept that is shared by a range of disciplines including anthropology, archaeology, history and sociology to describe a stage of social formation. The concept ...

civilization
. 18th-century philosopher and political scientist
Marquis de Condorcet Marie Jean Antoine Nicolas de Caritat, Marquis of Condorcet (; 17 September 1743 – 29 March 1794), known as Nicolas de Condorcet, was a French philosopher and mathematician. His ideas, including support for a Economic liberalism, liberal economy ...

Marquis de Condorcet
predicted that political progress would involve the disappearance of
slavery Slavery and enslavement are both the state and the condition of being a slave, who is someone forbidden to quit their service for another person (a slaver), while treated as property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and co ...
, the rise of
literacy Literacy is popularly understood as an ability to read and write Writing is a medium of human communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (ph ...
, the lessening of sex inequality,
prison reform Prison reform is the attempt to improve conditions inside prisons, improve the effectiveness of a penal system, or implement alternatives to incarceration. It also focuses on ensuring the reinstatement of those whose lives are impacted by crimes. ...
s which at the time were harsh and the decline of poverty.
Modernity Modernity, a topic in the humanities and social sciences, is both a historical period (the modern era) and the ensemble of particular socio-cultural norms, attitudes and practices that arose in the wake of the Renaissance The Renaissance ...

Modernity
or modernization was a key form of the idea of progress as promoted by
classical liberals Classical liberalism is a political ideology and a branch of liberalism that advocates civil liberties under the rule of law with an emphasis on economic freedom. Closely related to economic liberalism, it developed in the early 19th century, ...
in the 19th and 20th centuries who called for the rapid modernization of the economy and society to remove the traditional hindrances to
free market In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of goo ...
s and free movements of people. In the late 19th century, a political view rose in popularity in the Western world that progress was being stifled by vast
economic inequality 270px, Global share of wealth by wealth group, Credit Suisse, 2021 There are wide varieties of economic inequality, most notably measured using the distribution of incomeIn economics Economics () is the social science that studies ho ...
between the rich and the poor, minimally regulated ''
laissez-faire ''Laissez-faire'' ( ; from french: laissez faire , ) is an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system of Production (economics), production, allocation of resources, resource allocation and Distribution (economics), d ...
''
capitalism Capitalism is an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system of Production (economics), production, allocation of resources, resource allocation and Distribution (economics), distribution of goods and services within ...

capitalism
with out-of-control monopolistic
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law "born out of statute"; a legal person in legal ...

corporation
s, intense and often violent conflict between capitalists and workers, with a need for measures to address these problems. Progressivism has influenced various political movements.
Social liberalism Social liberalism (german: Sozialliberalismus, es, socioliberalismo) also known as New liberalism in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain ...
was influenced by British
liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...

liberal
philosopher
John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 7 May 1873), usually cited as J. S. Mill, was an List of British philosophers, English philosopher, Political economy, political economist, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Member of Parliament, and civil ser ...
's conception of people being "progressive beings". British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, (21 December 1804 – 19 April 1881), was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is e ...

Benjamin Disraeli
developed
progressive conservatism Progressive conservatism is a political ideology which combines conservatism, conservative and progressivism, progressive policies. The initial origins of progressivism come from Western Europe during the 18th century and the Age of Enlightenme ...
under one-nation
Toryism A Tory () is a person who holds a political philosophy known as Toryism, based on a British version of traditionalism and conservatism, which upholds the supremacy of social order as it has evolved in the English culture throughout history. The ...
. In France, the space between and the socially-conservative ''laissez-faire''
centre-right Centre-right politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval ...
was filled with the emergence of radicalism which thought that
social progress Image:American Progress (John Gast painting).jpg, upright=1.14, alt=Painting depicting a woman draped in white robes flying westward across the land with settlers and following her on foot, John Gast (painter), John Gast, ''American Progress'', ...
required
anti-clericalism Anti-clericalism is opposition to religious authority, typically in social or political matters. Historical anti-clericalism has mainly been opposed to the influence of Roman Catholicism. Anti-clericalism is related to secularism, which seeks to se ...
,
humanism Humanism is a philosophical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively. The meaning of the term ''humanism'' has fluctuated according to the successive intellectual movements which have ident ...

humanism
and
republicanism Republicanism is a political ideology An ideology () is a set of belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, or that some proposition about the world is truth, true. In epistemology, philosophers use t ...
. Especially anti-clericalism was the dominant influence on the
centre-left Centre-left politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval ...
in many French- and Romance-speaking countries until the mid 20th-century. In
Imperial Germany The German Empire or the Imperial State of Germany,, officially '.Herbert Tuttle Herbert Tuttle (1846–1894) was an American historian. Biography Herbert Tuttle was born in Bennington, Vermont Bennington is a New England town, town ...
, Chancellor
Otto von Bismarck Otto Eduard Leopold, Prince of Bismarck, Duke of Lauenburg (born von Bismarck-Schönhausen; german: Otto Eduard Leopold Fürst von Bismarck, Herzog zu Lauenburg; 1 April 1815 – 30 July 1898), known as Otto von Bismarck (), was a conservative ...

Otto von Bismarck
enacted various progressive
social welfare Welfare (or commonly, social welfare) is a type of government support intended to ensure that members of a society can meet basic human needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs is an idea in psychology Psychology is the science of mind and b ...
measures out of paternalistic conservative motivations to distance workers from the
socialist movement The history of socialism has its origins in the 1789 French Revolution and the changes which it brought, although it has precedents in earlier movements and ideas. ''The Communist Manifesto'' was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848 ju ...
of the time and as humane ways to assist in maintaining the
Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in Great Britain, continental Europe Mainland or continental Europe is the contiguous continent of Europe, excluding its surrounding islands. It can also be ...
. In 1891, the
Roman Catholic Church The Catholic Church, often referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide . As the world's old ...

Roman Catholic Church
encyclical ''
Rerum novarum ''Rerum novarum'' (from its incipit, with the direct translation of the Latin meaning "of revolutionary change"), or ''Rights and Duties of Capital and Labor'', is an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII Pope Leo XIII ( it, Leone XIII; born ...
'' issued by
Pope Leo XIII Pope Leo XIII ( it, Leone XIII; born Vincenzo Gioacchino Raffaele Luigi Pecci; 2 March 1810 – 20 July 1903) was the head of the Catholic Church from 20 February 1878 to his death in 1903. He was the List of ages of popes, oldest pope (reignin ...

Pope Leo XIII
condemned the
exploitation of labour Exploitation of labour is a concept defined as, in its broadest sense, one agent taking unfair advantage of another agent. It denotes an unjust social relationship based on an asymmetry of power between workers and their employers. When speaking abo ...
and urged support for
labour unions A trade union (or a labor union in American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Cu ...
and
government regulation Regulation is the management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends. In systems theory, these types of rules exist in various fields of biology and society, but the term has slightly different meanings according to context. For ...
of businesses in the interests of
social justice Social justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, Equal opportunity, opportunities, and Social privilege, privileges within a society. In Western Civilization, Western as well as in older Culture of Asia, Asian cultures, the conc ...
while upholding the
right to property The right to property or right to own property (cf. ownership Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive rights and control over property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') in the Abstract and concrete, abstract is what belongs to or with som ...
and criticizing socialism. A
Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Teachings of Jesus, teachings of Jesus, Jesus of Nazareth. ...
progressive outlook called the
Social Gospel The Social Gospel is a social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a particular goal, typically a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. Th ...
emerged in North America that focused on challenging economic exploitation and poverty and by the mid-1890s was common in many Protestant theological seminaries in the United States.


Contemporary mainstream political conception to the philosophy

In the United States, progressivism began as an intellectual rebellion against the political philosophy of
Constitutionalism Constitutionalism is "a compound of ideas, attitudes, and patterns of behavior elaborating the principle that the authority of government derives from and is limited by a body of fundamental law". Political organizations are constitutional ...

Constitutionalism
as expressed by
John Locke John Locke (; 29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism". Considered one of t ...

John Locke
and the founders of the American Republic, whereby the authority of government depends on observing limitations on its just powers. What began as a
social movement A social movement is a loosely organized effort by a large group of people to achieve a particular goal, typically a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whe ...
in the 1890s, grew into a popular
political movement A political movement is a collective attempt by a group of people to change government policy or social values. Political movements are usually in opposition to an element of the status quo  and are often associated with a certain ideology. So ...
referred to as the
Progressive era The Progressive Era (1896–1916) was a period of widespread social activism Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, direct, or intervene in Social change, social, Political campaign, political, Economics, economic, or Natural ...
; in the 1912 United States presidential election, all three U.S. presidential candidates claimed to be progressives. While the term ''progressivism'' represent a range of diverse
political pressure group Advocacy groups, also known as special interest groups, use various forms of advocacy in order to influence public opinion and ultimately policy. They play an important role in the development of political and social systems. Motives for action ...
s, not always united, progressives rejected
social Darwinism Social Darwinism refers to various societal practices around the world and defined by scholars in Western Europe and North America in the 1870s that applied biological concepts of natural selection Natural selection is the differential ...
, believing that the problems society faced such as
class warfare ''Class Warfare'' is a book of collected interviews with Noam Chomsky Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activist. Sometimes called ...
,
greed , ''the New Testament representation and personification of material greed'', '' by Evelyn De Morgan Evelyn De Morgan (30 August 1855 – 2 May 1919), née Pickering, was an English painter associated early in her career with the later pha ...

greed
,
poverty Poverty is the state of having little material possessions or income Income is the consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expressed in monetary terms.Smith's financial dictionary ...

poverty
,
racism Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess different behavioral traits corresponding to inherited attributes and can be divided based on the superiority Superior may refer to: *Superior (hierarchy), something which is higher in a hie ...

racism
and
violence Violence is the use of physical force so as to injure, abuse, damage, or destroy. Other definitions are also used, such as the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a list of specialized agencies of the United Na ...

violence
could best be addressed by providing good education, a safe environment and an efficient workplace. Progressives lived mainly in the cities, were college educated and believed that government could be a tool for change. President
Theodore Roosevelt Theodore Roosevelt Jr. ( ; October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919), often referred to as Teddy or his initials T. R., was an American politician, statesman, conservationist, naturalist, historian, and writer who served as the 26th president of ...

Theodore Roosevelt
of the
Republican Party Republican Party is a name used by many political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about polit ...
and later the
Progressive PartyProgressive Party may refer to: Active parties * Australian Progressives * Progressive Party (Chile) * Dominica Progressive Party * Progressive Party (Iceland) * Jordanian Progressive Party * Serbian Progressive Party in Macedonia * Sabah Progressi ...
declared that he "always believed that wise progressivism and wise conservatism go hand in hand". President
Woodrow Wilson Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of govern ...

Woodrow Wilson
was also a member of the American progressive movement within the
Democratic PartyDemocratic Party most often refers to: *Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party and similar terms may also refer to: Active parties Africa *Botswana Democratic Party *Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea *Gabonese Democratic Party *Democ ...
. Progressive stances have evolved over time.
Imperialism Imperialism is a policy or ideology of extending rule over peoples and other countries, for extending political and economic access, power and control, often through employing hard power Hard power is the use of military and economics, economic ...

Imperialism
was a controversial issue within progressivism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, particularly in the United States, where some progressives supported
American imperialism American imperialism consists of policies aimed at extending the political, economic and cultural influence of the United States over areas beyond its boundaries. Depending on the commentator, it may include military conquest, gunboat diplomacy ...
while others opposed it. In response to
World War I World War I or the First World War, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously known as the Great War or "The war to end war, the war ...

World War I
, President
Woodrow Wilson Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856February 3, 1924) was an American politician and academic who served as the 28th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of govern ...

Woodrow Wilson
's
Fourteen Points U.S. President Woodrow Wilson The Fourteen Points was a statement of principles for peace Peace is a concept of societal friendship and harmony in the absence of hostility and violence. In a social sense, peace is commonly used to mean a lack ...
established the concept of national
self-determination The right of a people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a cultu ...
and criticized imperialist competition and colonial injustices. These views were supported by anti-imperialists in areas of the world that were resisting imperial rule. During the period of acceptance of economic Keynesianism (1930s–1970s), there was widespread acceptance in many nations of a large role for
state intervention Economic interventionism, sometimes also called state interventionism, is an economic policy position favouring government intervention in the market process to correct market failure In neoclassical economics, market failure is a situation ...
in the economy. With the rise of
neoliberalism Neoliberalism, or neo-liberalism, is a term used to describe the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with free-market In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; ...

neoliberalism
and challenges to state interventionist policies in the 1970s and 1980s,
centre-left Centre-left politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval ...
progressive movements responded by adopting the
Third Way The Third Way is a political position akin to centrism that attempts to reconcile right-wing Right-wing politics embraces the view that certain social orders and Social stratification, hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal, or ...

Third Way
that emphasized a major role for the
market economy A market economy is an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system of Production (economics), production, allocation of resources, resource allocation and Distribution (economics), distribution of goods and services wit ...
. There have been
social democratsSocial Democrats is a name used by a number of political parties A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about ...
who have called for the social-democratic movement to move past Third Way. Prominent
progressive conservative Progressive Conservative may refer to an advocate of progressive conservatism. Progressive Conservative may also refer to: Canada * Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, a former Canadian federal party; a successor of the original Conservati ...
elements in the British
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
have criticized neoliberalism. In the 21st century, progressives continue to favour
public policy Public policy is an institutionalized proposal to solve relevant and real-world problems, guided by a conception and implemented by programs as a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government, in response to social issues. Be ...
that reduces or ameliorates the harmful effects of
economic inequality 270px, Global share of wealth by wealth group, Credit Suisse, 2021 There are wide varieties of economic inequality, most notably measured using the distribution of incomeIn economics Economics () is the social science that studies ho ...
as well as systemic
discrimination Discrimination is the act of making unjustified distinctions between people based on the groups, classes, or other categories to which they belong or are perceived to belong. People may be discriminated on the basis of Racial discrimination, ra ...
such as
institutional racism Institutional racism, also known as systemic racism, is a form of racism that is embedded through laws within society or an organization. It can lead to such issues as discrimination in criminal justice, employment, housing, health care, politica ...
; to advocate for environmentally conscious policies as well as for
social safety net The social safety net (SSN) consists of non-contributory assistance existing to improve lives of vulnerable families and individuals experiencing poverty and destitution. Examples of SSNs are previously-contributory social pensions, in-kind and foo ...
s and
workers' rights Labor rights or workers' rights are both legal rights and human rights Human rights are moral principles or normsJames Nickel, with assistance from Thomas Pogge, M.B.E. Smith, and Leif Wenar, 13 December 2013, Stanford Encyclopedia of ...
; and to oppose the
negative externalities In economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with value; in particular, the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of goods ...
inflicted on the environment and society by
monopolies A monopoly (from Greek language, Greek el, μόνος, mónos, single, alone, label=none and el, πωλεῖν, pōleîn, to sell, label=none) is as described by Irving Fisher, a market with the "absence of competition", creating a situation whe ...
or
corporate A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal ...

corporate
influence on the democratic process. The unifying theme is to call attention to the negative impacts of current institutions or ways of doing things and to advocate for
social progress Image:American Progress (John Gast painting).jpg, upright=1.14, alt=Painting depicting a woman draped in white robes flying westward across the land with settlers and following her on foot, John Gast (painter), John Gast, ''American Progress'', ...
, i.e. for positive change as defined by any of several standards such as expansion of
democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' and ''kratos'' 'rule') is a form of government in which people, the people have the authority to deliberate and decide legislation ("direct democracy"), or to choo ...

democracy
, increased
egalitarianism Egalitarianism (), or equalitarianism, is a school of thought A school of thought, or intellectual tradition, is the perspective of a group of people who share common characteristics of opinion or outlook of a philosophy Philosophy ...
in the form of
economic An economy (; ) is an area of the Production (economics), production, Distribution (economics), distribution and trade, as well as Consumption (economics), consumption of Goods (economics), goods and Service (economics), services by different a ...
and
social equality Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spat ...
as well as improved well being of a population. Proponents of social democracy have identified themselves as promoting the progressive cause.


Progressive parties or parties with progressive factions

Note: Rather than mainstream centre-left or left-wing parties with a long history as possible, it is recommended to focus on political parties with prominent socially progressive tendencies such as
Czech Pirate Party The Czech Pirate Party or Pirates ( cs, Česká pirátská strana , abbreviated ''Piráti'' ) is a liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adh ...
, and
Syriza The Coalition of the Radical Left – Progressive Alliance ( el, Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς – Προοδευτική Συμμαχία , translit=Sinaspismós Rizospastikís Aristerás – Proodeftikí Sim ...
.


Current parties

* :
Front for Victory The Front for Victory ( es, Frente para la Victoria, FPV) was a centre-left Centre-left politics (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West ...
* :
Australian Greens The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, are a confederation A confederation (also known as a confederacy or league) is a union of sovereign groups or states united for purposes of common action. Usually created by a treaty ...
, Reason Party * :
New Democratic Party The New Democratic Party (NDP; french: Nouveau Parti démocratique, NPD) is a social democraticThe party is widely described as social democratic: * * * * * * * * * federal Federal or foederal (archaic) may refer to: Politics Gener ...

New Democratic Party
* :
Social Convergence Social Convergence (, CS) is a Chile Chile (, ; ), officially the Republic of Chile (), is a country in western South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Chile co ...
, Liberal Party of Chile (2013), Liberal Party of Chile * :
Czech Pirate Party The Czech Pirate Party or Pirates ( cs, Česká pirátská strana , abbreviated ''Piráti'' ) is a liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adh ...
Slawek Blich
Finally a healthy dose of anti-establishment
politicalcritique.org. January 8, 2018.
Katerina Safarikova
CZECHS EYE 'SYMBOLIC' PIRATE BREAKTHROUGH IN EUROPE
/balkaninsight.com. May 21, 2019.
* : Radical Party of the Left, New Deal (France), New Deal * :
Syriza The Coalition of the Radical Left – Progressive Alliance ( el, Συνασπισμός Ριζοσπαστικής Αριστεράς – Προοδευτική Συμμαχία , translit=Sinaspismós Rizospastikís Aristerás – Proodeftikí Sim ...
* : All India Trinamool Congress * : Japanese Communist Party, Reiwa Shinsengumi * : Democrats 66 * : Pakistan Peoples Party * : Akbayan * : Polish Initiative * : Yabloko * : Party of the Radical Left * : Justice Party (South Korea), Justice Party, Progressive Party (South Korea, 2017), Progressive Party * : Unidas Podemos, * : Democratic Progressive Party * : Peoples' Democratic Party (Turkey), Peoples' Democratic Party * : Green Party of England and Wales * :
Democratic PartyDemocratic Party most often refers to: *Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party and similar terms may also refer to: Active parties Africa *Botswana Democratic Party *Democratic Party of Equatorial Guinea *Gabonese Democratic Party *Democ ...
(factions)


Former parties

* : Progressive Party of Canada * : Movement Party (France), Movement Party, Opportunist Republicans * : Demosistō * : Jim Anderton's Progressive Party * : Your Movement, Spring (political party), Spring * : Progressive Party (South Korea, 1956), Progressive Party (1956), Democratic Labor Party (South Korea), Democratic Labor Party * : Progressive Party (United States, 1912), Progressive Party (1912), Progressive Party (United States, 1924), Progressive Party (1924), Progressive Party (United States, 1948), Progressive Party (1948)


See also

* Australian Progressives * Affirmative action * Democracy * Democratic socialism * Economic progressivism * Green politics * Kirchnerism * Left-libertarianism * Left-wing nationalism * Left-wing politics * Left-wing populism * Liberal socialism * Liberalism * Lulism * Managerial state * Modern liberalism in the United States * Progressive conservatism * Progressive Era * Progressive tax * Progressivism in South Korea * Progressivism in the United States * Radicalism (historical) * Reformist party (Japan) * Secularism * Social Justice * Secular liberalism * Social democracy * Socialism * Transhumanism * Transhumanist politics * Techno-progressivism


References


Citations


Sources

* George Tindall, Tindall, George and Shi, David E. ''America: A Narrative History''. W W Norton & Co Inc; Full Sixth edition, 2003. . * George Lakoff, Lakoff, George. ''Don't Think of an Elephant: Know Your Values and Frame the Debate''. Chelsea Green Publishing, 2004. . * Kelleher, William J. ''Progressive Logic: Framing A Unified Field Theory of Values For Progressives''. The Empathic Science Institute, 2005. . * James T. Kloppenberg, Kloppenberg, James T.. ''Uncertain Victory: Social Democracy and Progressivism in European and American Thought, 1870–1920''. Oxford University Press, US, 1988. . * Arthur S. Link, Link, Arthur S. and Richard L. McCormick, McCormick, Richard L.. ''Progressivism (American History Series)''. Harlan Davidson, 1983. . * Michael McGerr, McGerr, Michael. ''A Fierce Discontent: The Rise and Fall of the Progressive Movement in America, 1870–1920''. 2003. * Schutz, Aaron
''Social Class, Social Action, and Education: The Failure of Progressive Democracy''
Palgrave, Macmillan, 2010. . * Tröhler, Daniel
''Progressivism''
In book: Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Education. Oxford University Press, 2017.


External links


Progressivism
— entry at the ''Encyclopædia Britannica'' * * {{Authority control Progressivism, Critical thinking Democratic socialism Justice Left-wing ideologies, Liberal socialism Liberalism Political ideologies Political movements Secularism Secular humanism Social change Social democracy Social justice Social liberalism Social movements Sociocultural evolution theory