Private universities and private colleges are usually not operated by governments, although many receive
tax breaks Tax break also known as tax preferences, tax concession, and tax relief. Tax breaks are a method of reduction the tax liability of taxpayers. Government usually applies them to stimulate the economy and increase the solvency of the population. By th ...
, public
student loans A student loan is a type of loan In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc. The recipient (i.e., the borrower) incurs a debt and is usuall ...
, and
grants Grant or Grants may refer to: Places *Grant County (disambiguation)Grant County may refer to: Places ;Australia * County of Grant, Victoria ;United States *Grant County, Arkansas *Grant County, Indiana *Grant County, Kansas *Grant County, K ...
. Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. This is in contrast to
public universities A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or receives significant Government spending, public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a natio ...
and national universities. Many private universities are
nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that o ...



Egypt currently has 20 public universities (with about two million students) and 23 private universities (60,000 students). Egypt has many private universities, including
The American University in Cairo The American University in Cairo (AUC; ar, الجامعة الأمريكية بالقاهرة, Al-Jāmi‘a al-’Amrīkiyya bi-l-Qāhira) is a private university, private research university in Cairo, Egypt. The university offers American-styl ...
, the
German University in Cairo The German University in Cairo (abbreviated to GUC; ar, الجامعة الألمانية بالقاهرة ') is a private non-profit university in New Cairo City, Egypt. GUC was founded in 2002 by the presidential decree 27/2002 and according t ...
, the
British University in Egypt The British University in Egypt (BUE) is a private Egyptian university in El Sherouk, Cairo Governorate, Egypt Egypt ( ; ar, مِصر ), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the North Africa, n ...

British University in Egypt
, the
Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport The Arab Academy for Science, Technology & Maritime Transport ( ar, الأكاديمية العربية للعلوم والتكنولوجيا والنقل البحري) is a regional university operated by the Arab League The Arab League ( ...
Misr University for Science and Technology Misr University for Science and Technology (MUST) is a private university Private universities (and private colleges) are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grant (money), grants ...
Misr International University Misr International University (MIU) ( ar, جامعة مصر الدولية) is an undergraduate private university located in Ismailia-Desert road in Qalyubiyya Governorate. Established in 1996, in Maadi, The University changed its location to k ...
Future University in Egypt Future University in Egypt (FUE; Arabic language, Arabic: جامعة المستقبل) is a private university located in 90 street, New Cairo, Egypt founded in 2006. Faculties * Faculty of Oral and Dental Medicine * Faculty of Pharmaceutical S ...
Modern Sciences and Arts University October University for Modern Sciences and Arts ( ar, جامعة أكتوبر للعلوم الحديثة والآداب) is located in Cairo, Egypt. It was founded in 1996 by Dr. Nawal El-Degwi, a pioneer of the Egyptian private education. The u ...


There were few private universities in Ghana before the beginning of the new millennium. Ghana has seen a flood of the establishment of private universities and colleges, which is a reflection of the country's stable governance, and the pace of economic growth. Most of these universities are not known to be sponsored by foreign corporate organisations and government universities, and the aim is to avoid the Ghanaian government's excessive payment of bond which is a requirement for all foreign institutions endeavouring to operate businesses in the country. Almost all the private universities in Ghana have a similar kind of academic discipline, like business administration, human resource, accounting, information technology, etc., which are offered by universities like Ashesi,
Regent A regent (from the Latin : ruling, governing) is a person appointed to govern a state ''pro tempore'' (Latin Language, Latin: 'for the time being') because the regnant monarch is a minor, is absent, abdicated the throne, is incapacitated or dea ...
, Valley View, Ghana Telecom, and many others. The recent discovery of oil and gas in commercial quantities has influenced the development of oil and gas management courses within the private universities' curricula.


Libya has number of recognised private education institutions and universities, approved by the Ministry of Higher Education, ranked and qualified to specialise in academic programs in Business Administration, Computer Science, Law, Medicine and Humanitarian. These institutions include: * Al Rifaq University for Humanitarian and Applied Science – Tripoli City * Ibn Al Haytham Center for Technology Education and Scientific research – Tripoli City * Libyan International Medical University – Benghazi City * Libyan University for Humanitarian and Applied Science – Tajora City * Tripoli Community University – Tripoli * Tripoli Institute for Medical Sciences – Tripoli City * United Africa University – Zawia City


National Universities Commission The National Universities Commission (NUC) of Nigeria is a government commission promoting quality higher education in Nigeria. It is in the capital city of Abuja. The commission was established in 1962 as an advisory agency in the Cabinet Offic ...
of Nigeria has the responsibility to approve private universities and accredit their courses. This ensures a minimum standard in curriculum and teaching. There are currently 60 approved private universities in Nigeria and many applications being processed.

South Africa

South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital cities ...

South Africa
there are many distinctions between public universities and what are officially termed private higher education institutions. Recognised private higher education institutions include Akademia ( af), Varsity College,
Vega Vega is the brightest star A star is an astronomical object consisting of a luminous spheroid of plasma (physics), plasma held together by its own gravity. The List of nearest stars and brown dwarfs, nearest star to Earth is the Sun ...
Milpark Milpark is an area in Johannesburg, South Africa Johannesburg ( , also ; ; Zulu and xh, eGoli), informally known as Jozi, Joburg, or "The City of Gold", is the largest city in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of S ...

Midrand Graduate Institute The Pearson Institute of Higher Education - Midrand (formerly the Midrand Graduate Institute) is a South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over Demographics of Sou ...
Regenesys Business School Regenesys Business School is a private business school A business school is a university-level institution that confers degrees in business administration or management. A business school may also be referred to as school of management, manageme ...
University of Cape Town The University of Cape Town (UCT) is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different conce ...



A number of private universities were established in Bangladesh after the ''Private Universities Act, 1992'' was instituted, and consolidated and re-enacted as the ''Private Universities Act, 2010''. All private universities must be approved by
University Grants CommissionUniversity Grants Commission may refer to: * University Grants Commission (Bangladesh) * University Grants Commission (India) *University Grants Commission (Nepal) * University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka) See also

* University Grants Committ ...
(UGC) before they are given a permit to operate. See external links for: ''Private Universities Act 1992''. As of April 2018, there were 97
private universities in Bangladesh Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private", by Dusty Springfield from the 1990 album ''Reputation'' * Private (band), a Denmark-based band * Private (Ryōko Hirosue song), "Private" (Ryōko Hirosue song), from the 1999 album ''Private' ...

Brunei Darussalam

Private institutions must confer the students with external programmes such as BDTVEC (the largest awarding body in the country), BTEC and
Cambridge International Examinations Cambridge Assessment International Education (informally known as Cambridge International or simply Cambridge and formerly known as CIE, Cambridge International Examinations) is a provider of international qualifications, offering examinations an ...
pathways. Accreditation by Brunei Darussalam National Accreditation Council (BDNAC) is very crucial in order to establish a private institution. *
Laksamana College of Business
Laksamana College of Business
(Brunei Campus of Kensington College of Business)


Since 1997, private universities have been established in the Kingdom of Cambodia. *
IIC University of Technology
IIC University of Technology
(IICUT) – Phnom Penh * Zaman University (ZAMANU) – Phnom Penh


Since 2003, joint-partnership private universities have been established in the People's Republic of China (PRC). Typically, the partners are a Chinese university and a non-Chinese institution. English is often the only language of instruction at such universities, and many focus on providing a comprehensive liberal arts education modeled after research universities in the United States and Europe. *
Sanda University Sanda University (上海杉达学院) is the first private university established in People's Republic of China (since all universities were made public following the 1949 revolution), located in Shanghai. The university has around 10,000 students ...
- Shanghai *
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
(DKU) – Kunshan, Jiangsu * SIAS International University (SIAS) – Xinzheng, Henan *
United International College Beijing Normal University-Hong Kong Baptist University United International College (UIC; ), located in the Xiangzhou District, Zhuhai, Guangdong Province, southern China, was co-founded by Beijing Normal University Beijing Normal University (B ...

United International College
(UIC) – Zhuhai, Guangdong * University of Nottingham Ningbo, China (UNNC) – Ningbo, Zhejiang *
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University
(XJTLU) – Suzhou, Jiangsu * University of Xing Hua

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Shue Yan University Hong Kong Shue Yan University (HKSYU or SYU) is a Private university, private Liberal arts university, liberal-arts university in North Point, Hong Kong. Founded in 1971 as Hong Kong Shue Yan College () by Henry Hu and Chung Chi-yung, it was un ...

Hong Kong Shue Yan University
- acquired university status on 19 December 2006 *
Hang Seng University of Hong Kong The Hang Seng University of Hong Kong (HSUHK) is a self-financing university in Hong Kong located in Siu Lek Yuen, Sha Tin Sha Tin, also spelt Shatin, is a neighbourhood along Shing Mun River in the eastern New Territories, Hong Kong ...
- acquired university status on 30 October 2018


Universities in India are recognized by the
University Grants CommissionUniversity Grants Commission may refer to: * University Grants Commission (Bangladesh) * University Grants Commission (India) *University Grants Commission (Nepal) * University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka) See also

* University Grants Committ ...
(UGC), which draws its power from the ''University Grants Commission Act, 1956''. Private universities in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

are regulated under the UGC (Establishment and Maintenance of Standards in Private Universities) Regulations, 2003. Per the UGC act and these regulations, private universities are established by an act of a local legislative assembly and listed by the UGC in the Gazette upon receiving the act. As confirmed by ruling of the
Supreme Court of India The Supreme Court of India (IAST The International Alphabet of Sanskrit Transliteration (IAST) is a transliteration scheme that allows the lossless romanisation Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scie ...

Supreme Court of India
, recognition by the UGC is required for the university to operate. Also per the 2003 regulations, the UGC sends committees to inspect the private universities and publishes their inspection report. The UGC publishes and regularly updates the lists of private universities. , the UGC list of private universities lists 279 universities.


(Incomplete list) * Islamic University of Indonesia – a private university located in
Yogyakarta , image_map = Lokasi_DIY_Kota_Yogyakarta.svg , mapsize = , map_caption = Location within Special Region of Yogyakarta en, Beautify the Beauty of the World Slogan:Tourism Slogan: ''Jogja Istimew ...

Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is t ...

; established on 27 Rajab 1364
Hijri The Hijri calendar ( ar, ٱلتَّقْوِيم ٱلْهِجْرِيّ '), also known as the Lunar Hijri calendar and (in English) as the Islamic, Muslim or Arabic calendar, is a lunar calendar A lunar calendar is a calendar based on the mon ...
or on 8 July 1945 as STI (Sekolah Tinggi Islam – Islamic Higher School) by political figures of the day including Dr.
Muhammad Hatta Mohammad Hatta (;12 August 1902 – 14 March 1980) was an Indonesian politician who served as the country's first vice president A vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an Corporate ...
Mohammad Natsir Mohammad Natsir (17 July 19086 February 1993) was an Islamic scholar and politician. He was Indonesia's fifth prime minister. After moving to Bandung Bandung () is the capital of West Java province in Indonesia and List of cities in Indonesia ...
Mohammad Roem Mohammad Roem (; 16 May 1908 – 24 September 1983) was a diplomat and one of Indonesia's leaders in the Indonesian war for independence. During the Sukarno Sukarno (; born Kusno Sosrodihardjo, ; 6 June 1901 – 21 June 1970) was ...

Mohammad Roem
, Wachid Hasyim as well as Abdul Kahar Mudzakir. STI developed into Universitas Islam Indonesia on 14 December 1947. Historically, UII is the first national university in Indonesia, and is also the oldest private university in the country. * Muhammadiyah University of Magelang – a private university belonging to Muhammadiyah organisation; known as UMMGL, standing for Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang; founded on August 31, 1964 * Muhammadiyah University of Yogyakarta - a private islamic university in
Yogyakarta , image_map = Lokasi_DIY_Kota_Yogyakarta.svg , mapsize = , map_caption = Location within Special Region of Yogyakarta en, Beautify the Beauty of the World Slogan:Tourism Slogan: ''Jogja Istimew ...

known as UMY and established in 1981. * Ma Chung University – a private university founded by
Peranakan The Peranakans (), sometimes referred to as the Straits Chinese or Straits–born Chinese, are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or pe ...
Chinese Indonesians Chinese Indonesians ( Indonesian: ''Orang Indonesia keturunan Tionghoa'') or (in Indonesian) ''Orang Tionghoa Indonesia'' & colloquially Chindos, are Indonesians whose ancestors arrived from China China, officially the People's Republic o ...
, established in 2007, located in
Malang Malang (; read : Kutha Malang) is a landlocked city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia ...

East Java East Java ( id, Jawa Timur) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level su ...

East Java
. * Parahyangan Catholic University - a private university located in Bandung which was established on 1955 * Telkom University * Bina Nusantara University *
President University
President University

Darma Persada Daigaku


* Khayyam University of Mashhad * The
Islamic Azad University The Islamic Azad University (IAU; fa, دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی, ''Dāneshgāh-e Āzād-e Eslāmi'') is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting su ...
system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its boundaries, structure and purp ...
* University of Iranians *
University of Science and Culture The University of Science and Culture (in Persian: ''Daneshgah Elm va Farhang'') is located in Tehran, Iran. University of Science and Culture is a research institution and university of engineering, science and art, offering both undergraduate ...
* International University of Chabahar * University of Ershad-Damavand


* Ahlulbait University College - Karbala * Al Hadbaa University College - Al Musel * Al Maamoon University College - Baghdad * Al Maarif University College - Al-Anbar * Al Mansour University College - Baghdad * Al Rafidain University College - Baghdad * Al Rasheed University College - Baghdad * Al Turath University College - Baghdad * Al Yarmouk University College - Diala *Alsalam University College - Baghdad * Baghdad College of Economic Sciences University - Baghdad * Baghdad College of Pharmacy - Baghdad * Basrah University College of Science and Technology - Basrah * Business & Management University - Baghdad * Dijlah University College - Baghdad * Humanitarian Studies University College - Najaf * Iraq University College - Basrah * Islamic University College - Najaf * Konooz University College - Basrah * Madenat Alelem University College - Baghdad *Shat Al Arab College - Basrah *
University of Kurdistan Hewler
University of Kurdistan Hewler
- Erbil *Komar University - Slaimani * Ishik University - Slaimani *The American University of Iraq - Sulaimani * The American University of Kurdistan - Duhok *Nawroz University - Erbil * Cihan University - Erbil * Cihan University - Slaimani * Knowledge University - Erbil *British Royal University - Erbil *
Catholic University Catholic higher education includes universities A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Disciplin ...

Catholic University
- Erbil *Lebanese French University - Erbil *Imam Jafar Asadiq university - Baghdad


* Reichman University - Hertzeliya


Japan had 597 private universities, while there are 86 national universities and 95
public universities A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or receives significant Government spending, public funds through a national or subnational government, as opposed to a private university. Whether a natio ...
. Private universities thus account for about ¾ of all universities in Japan. Many, but not all, junior colleges in Japan are private. Like public and national universities, many private universities use
National Center Test for University Admissions National may refer to: Common uses * Nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common culture, and, in many cases, a shared territory. A nation is more overtly political than an ...
as an
entrance exam An entrance examination is an examination Examination may refer to: * Physical examination, a medical procedure * Questioning and more specific forms thereof, for example in law: ** Cross-examination ** Direct examination * Test (assessment), info ...
. The most famous institutions are: ;
Kantō region The is a geography, geographical area of Honshu, the largest island of Japan. In a common definition, the region includes the Greater Tokyo Area and encompasses seven Prefectures of Japan, prefectures: Gunma Prefecture, Gunma, Tochigi Prefe ...
International Christian University is a non-denominational private university located in Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan, commonly known as ICU. With the efforts of Prince Takamatsu, General Douglas MacArthur, and Bank of Japan, BOJ President Hisato Ichimada, ICU was established in 1949 ...
Keio University , mottoeng = The pen is mightier than the sword 200px, An illustration of Cardinal Richelieu holding a sword, by H. A. Ogden, 1892, from ''The Works of Edward Bulwer Lytton'' "The pen is mightier than the sword" is a metonymic adage An ada ...

Keio University
Sophia University Sophia University, also known by its Japanese name 上智大学 (''Jōchi Daigaku''), is a private research university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) edu ...

Sophia University
Tokyo University of Science , formerly "Science University of Tokyo" or TUS, informally or simply is a private research university located in Shinjuku, Tokyo is a Special wards of Tokyo, special ward in Tokyo, Japan. It is a major commercial and administrative centre ...

Tokyo University of Science
Waseda University , mottoeng = Independence of scholarship , established = 21 October 1882 , type = Private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, Britis ...

Waseda University
:Another five colleges, called "
MARCH March is the third month of the year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days ...
" *
Meiji University , abbreviated as Meiji (明治) or Meidai (明大'')'', is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springf ...

Meiji University
Aoyama Gakuin University is a private university Private universities (and private colleges) are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grant (money), grants. Depending on their location, private universiti ...
Rikkyo University , also known as Saint Paul's University, is a private university, in Ikebukuro, Tokyo Tokyo ( , ; Japanese language, Japanese: 東京, ''Tōkyō'' ), officially the Tokyo Metropolis (Japanese language, Japanese: 東京都, ''Tōkyō-to'') ...

Rikkyo University
Chuo University , commonly referred to as or , is a private flagship research university in Tokyo, Japan Tokyo ( , ; Japanese: 東京, ''Tōkyō'' ), officially the Tokyo Metropolis (Japanese: 東京都, ''Tōkyō-to''), is the de facto capitalNo Japane ...
Hosei University is a long-established private university based in Tokyo Tokyo ( , ; Japanese language, Japanese: 東京, ''Tōkyō'' ), officially the Tokyo Metropolis (Japanese language, Japanese: 東京都, ''Tōkyō-to''), is the capital of Japan, de ...

Hosei University
Takushoku University Takushoku University (拓殖 大学; ''Takushoku Daigaku'', abbreviated as 拓大 ''Takudai'') is a private university Private universities (and private colleges) are usually not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, publi ...

Takushoku University
Chūbu region The , Central region, or is a region in the middle of Honshū , historically called , is the largest and most populous main island of Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or ...
Nanzan University is a private, coeducational Catholic university run by the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) in the Shōwa Ward of Nagoya } is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is Japan's List of Japanese cities by population, fourth-larg ...
Kansai region The or the , lies in the southern-central region of Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or ...
Doshisha University , also referred to as , is a private university in Kyoto City, Japan. Doshisha University is one of the most prestigious universities in Japan today, with particularly strong influence in the Kansai region, and is considered one of the most select ...
Kansai University , abbreviated as , or , is a private non-sectarian and coeducational Mixed-sex education, also known as mixed-gender education, co-education, or coeducation (abbreviated to co-ed or coed), is a system of education Education is th ...
Kwansei Gakuin University , colloquially known as , is a non-denominational Christianity, Christian Private school, private and coeducational university in Japan. offers Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctoral degrees to around 25,000 students in almost 40 different disci ...
Kindai University is a Private school, private non-sectarian and coeducational university based in Higashiosaka, Osaka, Higashiosaka, Osaka, Japan with campuses in five other locations: Nara, Nara, Nara, Nara Prefecture, Nara; Ōsakasayama, Osaka, Ōsakasayama, Os ...
Ritsumeikan University is a private university in Kyoto, Japan, that traces its origin to 1869. With the Kinugasa Campus (KIC) in Kyoto Prefecture, Kyoto, and Kyoto Prefecture, the university also has a satellite called Biwako-Kusatsu Campus (BKC) and Osaka-Ibaraki Ca ...


There are one private university in Madaba city: * American University of Madaba (AUM).


There are 11 private universities and colleges in Kuwait: *
American University of Kuwait
American University of Kuwait
(AUK) * American International University (AIU) * Kuwait College of Science and Technology (KCST) * American University of the Middle East (AUM) * Australian College of Kuwait (ACK) * Gulf University for Science and Technology (GUST) * Kuwait-Maastricht Business School * American College of the Middle East (ACM) * Arab Open University (AOU) - Kuwait branch * Box Hill College Kuwait * College of Aviation Technology


There are 19 private universities in Lebanon. Among these, the American University of Beirut and the Lebanese American University are internationally acknowledged. The languages of teaching in private universities are mainly French language, French and English language, English, while Arabic language, Arabic is widely used in religious universities and Armenian language, Armenian is used in the Armenian university. The first university opened in Lebanon was the Syrian Protestant College in 1866 (which became the American University of Beirut in 1921). It was founded by Daniel Bliss, a Protestant missionary. The second university opened in Lebanon was the Saint Joseph University, Université Saint-Joseph, founded by the Jesuits in 1875.


*City University of Macau *Macau University of Science and Technology *University of Saint Joseph


The private universities include: * Universiti Tenaga Nasional * Curtin University#Malaysia campus, Curtin University Sarawak * Monash University Malaysia Campus * Multimedia University * New Era University College *Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland and University College Dublin Malaysia Campus * Southern University College * Sunway University * Swinburne University of Technology Sarawak Campus * Tunku Abdul Rahman University College * Taylor's University * Universiti Teknologi Petronas * Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman *Wawasan Open University For complete list of private universities in Malaysia, see the List of universities in Malaysia#Private universities, university colleges and Malaysian campuses of foreign universities, list of private universities in Malaysia.


The private universities include: * Info Myanmar University * STI Myanmar University * Myanmar Imperial University * Victoria University College Myanmar, Victoria University College * Strategy First University * Gusto University * Chindwin College * IQY Technical College * STC Technological University * IPEM Technological University * Myanmar Commercial Management Institute (MCMI) * Mandalay Business School


* Kathmandu University – When established in November 1991 as a non-profit, autonomous, public university, by an Act, Kathmandu University became the first privately managed public institution of higher learning in Nepal.


The Higher Education Commission (HEC), formerly the University Grant Commission (UGC), is the primary regulator of higher education in Pakistan. It also facilitates the development of the higher educational system in Pakistan. Its main purpose is to upgrade the schools to be world-class centres of education, research and development. It also plays a leading role towards building a knowledge-based economy in Pakistan by giving out hundreds of doctoral scholarships for education abroad every year. In spite of the criticism of the HEC, its creation has also had a positive impact on higher education in Pakistan. Its two-year report for 2004 to 2006 states that according to the Institute of Scientific Information, the total number of publications appearing in the 8,000 leading journals indexed in the web of science arising out of Pakistan in 2005 was 1,259 articles, representing a 41% increase over the past two years and a 60% increase since the establishment of HEC in 2002. The HEC digital library now provides access to over 20,000 leading research journals, covering about 75% of the world's peer-reviewed scientific journals. Until 1991, there were only two recognized private universities in Pakistan: Aga Khan University, established in 1983 and Lahore University of Management Sciences, established in 1985. By 1997, however, there were 10 private universities. In 2001–2002, this number had doubled to 20. Among the first to gain degree awarding status was Hajvery University, Lahore (HU), established in 1990. In 2003–2004 Pakistan had a total of 83 private degree granting institutions.

Saudi Arabia

There are nine private universities in Saudi Arabia: * Al Yamamah University * Alfaisal University * Arab Open University * Dar Al Uloom University * Effat University * Fahd bin Sultan University * King Abdullah University of Science and Technology * Prince Mohammad bin Fahd University * Prince Sultan University


Stansfield College, founded in 1993, is a private higher education institution and a provider of the University of London International Programmes in Singapore. Through its collaboration with the University of London, Stansfield offers undergraduate degrees and diplomas in a range of academic disciplines which include Law, the Humanities, and the EMFSS suite of programmes with specialisations in Accounting, Business & Management, Banking & Finance, Economics, Mathematics & Economics and the Social Sciences. The college has also expanded its range of programmes to include several university foundation awards including certificate and diploma programmes that allow students to progress academically at Stansfield or to gain admissions into overseas universities. The college also provides postgraduate diplomas and executive development courses and seminars. The college enrolls over 500, with students from over 30 countries studying at its campus. Auston Institute of Management is another example of a private 'university' where students who study at the college receive university awards from degree-awarding partners overseas. Auston rose to fame in the early 2000s with a collaboration with Coventry University. This partnership ended in 2012 and was replaced with new partners including London South Bank University, University of Wolverhampton, Birmingham City University, Chichester University and De Montfort University. Auston is known for its hands-on approach and its emphasis in technical areas of study such as electronics, mechatronics, computer security, and various forms of software engineering. Auston graduates about 400 students per year from as many as eight different countries, all studying in Singapore for UK degree awards.

South Korea

*Busan University of Foreign Studies *Chung-Ang University *Dong-A University *Dongseo University *Handong Global University *Hankuk University of Foreign Studies *Hanyang University *Hongik University *Konkuk University *Keimyung University *Kookmin University *Korea University *Kwangwoon University *Kyung Hee University *Kyungsung University *Sogang University *Sungkyunkwan University *Yonsei University

Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka state recognized private institutes are allowed to award degrees under Section 25A of the Universities Act No. 16 of 1978. The University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka), University Grants Commission is responsible for the accreditation of these institutes and degrees. These mostly provide undergraduate degrees, with a limited few proving postgraduate degrees. The Informatics Institute of Sri Lanka (IIT), NSBM Green University (NSBM), Horizon Campus and Sri Lanka Institute for Information Technology (SLIIT) are examples. Some foreign universities franchise parts of their degree courses in Sri Lanka with local institutes. Students are charged for the study (some of these institutes are state funded institutions of their home countries) and these charges are often a fraction of the cost studying in the home countries of these institutions. Efforts to establish private universities have been blocked due to protests from state universities' undergraduates and leftist political parties. However many private colleges have sprung up one of which is the affiliated campus of Auston Institute of Management, Singapore. The Sri Lanka campus was established in 2010 and is a Board of Investment or (BOI) company. It retains a similar focus to the home campus and occupies a prime spot along Colombo's famous Galle Road.


* Al-Andalus University * Al Rasheed International University * Al-Shahba University * Al-Wataniya Private University * Aljazeera University * Arab International University * Ebla Private University * Hawash Private University * International University for Science and Technology * Ittihad Private University * Mamoun University for Science and Technology * Syrian Private University * University of Kalamoon * Wadi International University * Yarmouk Private University


In Taiwan, unlike the United States, private universities are typically not as prestigious as some public (national) universities. They are not as highly ranked as public institutions, and also cost nearly twice as much. This is due to the form of testing in schools in Taiwan, in which students take a national entrance exam to determine their university qualifications. The famous private university is Fu Jen Catholic University, and the earliest is Tunghai University.


* Asia-Pacific International University – Saraburi * Asian University – Chonburi * Assumption University (Thailand), Assumption University – Bangkok * Bangkok University – Bangkok * Bangkokthonburi University – Bangkok * Chaopraya University – Nakhon Sawan * Christian University – Nakhon Pathom * Chulabhorn Graduate Institute – Bangkok * Dhurakij Pundit University – Bangkok * Dusit Thani College – Bangkok * E-sarn University – Khon Kaen * Eastern Asia University – Pathumthani * The Far Eastern University – Chiang Mai * Hatyai University – Songkhla * Huachiew Chalermprakiet University – Bangkok * Kasem Bundit University – Bangkok * Krirk University – Bangkok * Mahanakorn University of Technology – Bangkok * North Chiang Mai University – Chiang Mai * North Eastern University – Khon Kaen * Pathumthani University – Pathumthani * Payap University – Chiang Mai * Rangsit University – Pathumthani * Ratchathani University – Ubon Ratchathani * Rattana Bundit University – Bangkok * Saint John's Group of Schools and University, Saint John's University – Bangkok * Shinawatra University – Pathumthani * Siam University – Bangkok * South-East Asia University – Bangkok * Sripatum University – Khon Kaen and Bangkok * Stamford International University – Phetchaburi * Thai-Nichi Institute of Technology – Bangkok * Thonburi University – Bangkok * University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce – Bangkok * Vongchavalitkul University – Nakhon Ratchasima * Webster University Thailand – Phetchaburi * Yala Islamic University – Yala

United Arab Emirates

* World Master Academy – Dubai


Since the 1990s a lot of private universities have opened in Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh City Open University was one of the first. Typical characteristics of Vietnamese private universities are higher (very high in some cases) tuition fees, poor infrastructure, and limited faculty and human resources. Private universities are often named after scholars (Fulbright University Vietnam, Vo Truong Toan University, Nguyen Trai University, Luong The Vinh University, Chu Van A University, Alexandre Yersin, Yersin University, Phan Chau Trinh University), or heroes/legends (Hung Vuong University, Quang Trung University), although there are exceptions, such as FPT University, named after the FPT Group and Tan Tao University, in Tan Tao Group. In Vietnam, there exists the "semi-private university"; schools in this category can receive partial financial support from the government. Almost all private universities have to invite professors and lecturers from the state universities. Many lecturers from state-owned universities take up positions in private universities after their retirement.



In Austria, educational institutions must be authorised by the country to legally grant academic degrees. All state-run universities are governed by the 2002 Austrian Universities' and University Degree Programmes' Organisation Act (Federal Law Gazette No. 120/2002). In 1999, a federal law (''Universitäts-Akkreditierungsgesetz'') was passed to allow the School accreditation, accreditation of private universities. The ''Akkreditierungsrat'' (Accreditation Council) evaluates applicants and issues recommendations to the responsible Austrian accreditation authority (the Austrian Federal Ministry of Science & Research). Accreditation by the council yields a couple of privileges: degrees issued by accredited private universities have the same legal status as those issued by state-run universities. Private universities can appoint or promote professors. Their students enjoy the same privileges pertaining to social security, foreigner law and state scholarships as students of the state universities. Educational services of private universities are not subject to value added tax, and donations are tax deductible. Accreditations must be renewed regularly and can be withdrawn, e.g. in the case of repeated academic misconduct as happened in 2003 when the accreditation of International University Vienna was withdrawn. In 2006, when the accreditation of Imadec Executive Education, Imadec University expired, the Accreditation Council rejected requests for renewal. Austrian law provides that private universities in Austria must use the term ''Privatuniversität'' (literally, "private university") in their German language, German names, although their formal names in other languages are not regulated. Thus, there is the possibility of private institutions employing the term "university" as opposed to "private university" in their advertisements in all languages except German while still complying with Austrian law. While the legal definition of "private university" prohibits funding by the federal government of Austria, funding by other public bodies is not prohibited. Consequently, some of Austria's private universities are partly or wholly funded by provincial governments, while others are fully privately funded. Accreditation of private universities began in 2001. , Austria has 16 private universities. Most are small (fewer than 1000 students) and specialise in only one or two fields of study: * Anton Bruckner Private University – Linz * Bertha von Suttner Private University - Sankt Pölten * Catholic Private University Linz * Central European University - Vienna * Danube Private University – Krems an der Donau * Gustav Mahler Private University for Music - Klagenfurt am Wörthersee * Jam Music Lab, Jam Music Lab Private University for Jazz and Popular Music Vienna * Karl Landsteiner University of Health Sciences – Krems an der Donau * Music and Arts University of the City of Vienna – Vienna * MODUL University Vienna (2007) * New Design University St. Pölten * Paracelsus Medical University – Salzburg * Seeburg Castle University in Seekirchen – near Salzburg * Sigmund Freud University Vienna * UMIT - Private University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology – Hall in Tirol * Webster Vienna Private University (also accredited in the US) Four former private universities are not accredited any more: * International University Vienna: Accreditation was withdrawn in 2003 due to academic misconduct. * Imadec Executive Education, Imadec University: First accreditation period ended in January 2006 and was not renewed. * TCM Privatuniversität Li Shi Zhen in Vienna: Accreditation period ended 2009; TCM did not call for renewal. All students could finish their studies. * PEF Private University of Management Vienna: The university closed for economic reasons in March 2012. All students could finish their studies.


Belgium makes a distinction between ''free'' institutions (as: free from the State), which are recognised and funded by the Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium, Communities of Belgium (the State until 1990) and follow the same rules and laws as fully public universities, from fully private institutions, which are not recognised nor funded by the authorities, and do not issue valid degrees. Private (''free'') institutions are predominantly Catholic, like Université catholique de Louvain, UCLouvain, KU Leuven or Saint-Louis University, Brussels. On the contrary, the Free University of Brussels (1834–1969), Free University of Brussels (today split into Université libre de Bruxelles, ULB and Vrije Universiteit Brussel, VUB) was founded by Freemasonry, masonic individuals. All started to get recognised by the State from 1891 onwards. It is forbidden by law to call an institution "university" or "faculty", meaning fully private (non-''free'') 'universities' have limited visibility.


Bulgaria has a number of private universities, among which the most renowned are New Bulgarian University, located in the capital city Sofia; Burgas Free University; Varna Free University and American University in Bulgaria.


Finland does not officially recognise private universities, but does not explicitly forbid them either. Helsinki School of Business is an example of one such educational institution operating in this market.


France has a dual system: universities and ''grandes écoles.'' It is forbidden by law for a private institution to be called "university", and almost all universities are public. Some private institutions still openly call themselves "universities", such as the Lille Catholic University, even if this has no legal basis. Universities provide courses in all academic fields (engineering, law, medical, economics, arts, business administration, sociology). One may join university after a high school degree and study there for a ''licence'' (bachelor), master's degree, or doctoral program, although again by law private institutions may not grant degrees called ''licence'' or ''doctorat''. ''Grandes écoles'' can be public or private, but the most prestigious ones are public. These institutions operate mostly in engineering studies and business administration. Universities and ''grandes écoles'' compete in these two fields. Some of them report to the Ministry of Higher Education, such as Arts et Métiers ParisTech and Ecole Centrale Paris, École Centrale Paris, and a few to the Ministry of Defense, such as Ecole Polytechnique, École Polytechnique. Several private ''grandes écoles'' are members of the Conférence des grandes écoles (CGE), ''Conférence des Grandes Écoles'', a lobbying group representing grandes écoles. Most ''grandes écoles'' can be joined after following two years of ''classe préparatoire aux grandes écoles'', an intensive program following the ''baccalauréat''. A selective examination after the two additional years is taken to enter a ''grande école''. Following the Bologna Process, this full 5 year courses (two years of preparatory classes plus 3 years in engineering or business school) is equivalent to a master's degree. Grandes écoles for studying business administration are usually part of the Chamber of commerce, chambers of commerce. For example, HEC Paris, HEC is part of the Chamber of Commerce of Paris (Paris Chamber of Commerce, CCIP), and is therefore semi-private.


Germany has 83 private universities (called ''Privathochschule'') and 45 church-run universities (called ''kirchliche Hochschule''). Similar to the state-run universities, they are subdivided into ''Universitäten'' (research universities), ''Fachhochschulen'' (universities of applied science) and ''Kunst- und Musikhochschulen'' (art schools). Private universities in Germany need institutional accreditation by the state. The first private university in Germany, the Ukrainian Free University, was established 16 September 1950 in Munich. EBS University of Business and Law opened in 1971. Witten/Herdecke University opened in 1982 and Zeppelin University in 2003. Though private universities are numerous in Germany, they represent only less than 1% of all students. Some private universities, including Hanseatic University Rostock (2007–2009) and the International University in Germany in Bruchsal, have gone out of business. Most of the church universities are run by the Protestant or Catholic churches; however, there is one Jewish university (''Hochschule für Jüdische Studien'') in Heidelberg.


In Greece private universities are prohibited by Constitution of Greece, the constitution (Article 16). However, laboratories of liberal studies (, ) operate freely in the country, and, based on a law from the 1930s they are registered as private for-profit businesses and regulated by the Greek Ministry of Commerce. Their academic degrees, which are not recognised in Greece, are directly provided to students by foreign universities in the United Kingdom, United States of America, or other countries, usually through Franchising, franchise or validation agreements (the franchise agreement usually being considered better). This has limited access to the laboratories, which usually teach in English, to high-income Greeks who for various reasons (usually family matters) did not want to go abroad. In 2008 a law was introduced that forced all private institutions collaborating with foreign universities to offer programmes in the country, to register with the Greek Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs as ''colleges'' (, ) by August 2009. Further amendments to the framework in 2010, 2012 and 2013 (4111/2013, 4093/2012) were introduced. Today there are a series of List of universities in Greece#Private colleges, private colleges in Greece mostly in Athens and Thessaloniki.


* Central European University – Budapest; a founding member of the European University Association (EUA)


* Libera Università Maria SS. Assunta, Maria SS. Assunta University - LUMSA (Rome, Palermo, Taranto, Gubbio) * Libera Università degli Studi Per l'Innovazione e le Organizzazioni, University of International Studies of Rome - UNINT (Rome) * Link Campus University (Rome) * IULM University of Milan, IULM University (Milan) * Libera Università Internazionale degli Studi Sociali Guido Carli, LUISS - Free International University for Social Studies "Guido Carli" (Rome) * Jean Monnet Free University (Casamassima) * University Carlo Cattaneo, Carlo Cattaneo University -LIUC (Castellanza) * Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (Milan, Rome, Brescia, Campobasso, Piacenza, Cremona) * Università Campus Bio-Medico, Biomedical University of Rome (Rome) * Bocconi University (Milan) * Suor Orsola Benincasa University of Naples (Naples, Pomigliano d'Arco, Salerno) * University of Gastronomic Sciences (Bra, Colorno) * Vita-Salute San Raffaele University (Milan, Cesano Maderno) * European University of Rome (Rome) * Humanitas University (Rozzano)


In the Republic of Ireland, a private university (more commonly known as a ''private college'') is one that is not funded by the state, and therefore not covered by the free-fees initiative. All List of universities in the Republic of Ireland, universities, Regional Technical College, institutes of technology, College of Education, colleges of education, and the National College of Ireland and some religious institutions are publicly funded and therefore covered by ''free-fees'' initiative. There are few private colleges, and they are highly specialised, such as Griffith College Dublin, Dorset College and Dublin Business School. The Higher Education Colleges Association is a representative body for private colleges in Ireland. Private colleges in Ireland can seek to have their programmes validated/accredited by the Higher Education and Training Awards Council.


Nyenrode is the only private university in the Netherlands at the graduate level. The university was founded in 1946. It serves as a graduate school for business and management. Both programs are taught in English. Recently, Nyenrode merged with the Institute for CPA Education and both institutions share their facilities. The Nyenrode Business University also contains a campus and active student body. Other Dutch private universities are universities of applied science where one can obtain a bachelor's or master's degree but not a PhD. These include Wittenborg University, Business School Notenboom (founded in 1958) and IVA Driebergen for the automotive industry with its earliest beginnings in 1930.


* SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities * John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin There are 321 accredited private colleges in Poland. They award bachelor's degrees, master's degrees and doctorate degrees.


The oldest non-state-run university, the ''Universidade Católica Portuguesa'' – UCP (Catholic University of Portugal), a Catholic private university (concordatory status) was the first to be founded, in 1967, and officially recognized in 1971. UCP offers some well-recognized degrees and is reputed for the economics, law and business management degrees it awards at its Lisbon branch. After the Carnation Revolution of 1974, in the 1980s and 1990s, a boom of educational private institutions was experienced in Portugal, and many private universities started to open. Most had a poor reputation and were known for making it easy for students to enter and also to get high grades. In 2007, several of those private universities, or their heirs, were investigated and faced compulsory closing (for example, the infamous Independente University and Internacional University closings, and the Moderna University scandal) or official criticism with recommendations that the state-managed investigation proposed for improving their quality and avoid termination. In the mid-2000s, within the Bologna process, a reorganization of higher education was started which included more stringent regulations for private education and expanded state policies with regard to private education quality assurance and educational accreditation. In general, the private higher education institutions were often considered the schools of last resort for underachieving applicants who didn't score enough points in the admission examinations to enter the main public institutions. Nearly open-admission policies have hurt private universities' reputation and the actual quality of their alumni. Without large endowments like those received, for example, by many US private universities and colleges which are attractive to the best scholars, researchers and students, the private list of higher education institutions in Portugal, higher education institutions of Portugal, with a few exceptions, do not have either the financial support or the academic profile to reach the highest teaching and research standards of the top Portuguese public universities. In addition, most private universities have faced a restrictive lack of collaboration with the major enterprises which, however, have developed fruitful relationships with many public higher education institutions. Most Portuguese private universities specialise in a limited number of fields, most often in the social sciences and humanities.


There are a number of private universities and independent Faculty (division), faculties in Serbia, mostly in Belgrade. They were founded in the 1990s and 2000s. Some commentators expressed concerns over the quality of private higher education sector in the country with the President of the Council for Higher Education of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts Dušan Teodorović calling for closure of all private universities in the country.


Further to the public Universities in Switzerland, the country is well known for its high-quality private education system. For a more complete listing, please consult: * the List of universities in Switzerland * the :Business schools in Switzerland


In Turkey, private universities have to be and all belong to and run by foundations (non-profit private legal entities) due to the high Education Law, article 3-c and annexed article 2 and these universities have public legal personality according to said law and defined as Foundation University (in Turkish: ''Vakıf Üniversitesi'') in the relevant regulation. Therefore, a university organized in this type is commonly referred as a foundation university instead of a private university in Turkish. Currently, there are List of universities in Turkey, 66 private universities. Bilkent University, founded in 1984, was the first. In Turkey, according to the laws of private universities, on the recommendation of the Higher Education Council is established by law. The establishment of such universities, established a new university building or in the form of a higher education institution will be the name of the university. Foundations for the establishment of the university, the university faculty, the formation of at least two of the bodies of the faculties of arts and science education programs related to the fields to be present, the university of arts and science programs to be among the first to be launched training programs and eligible to attend the university's commitment to the education of students in these programs start year necessary. The well known private universities in Turkey are: * Acıbadem University – Istanbul * Bahçeşehir University – Istanbul * Başkent University – Ankara * Beykent University – Istanbul * Bilkent University – Ankara * Çankaya University – Ankara * Istanbul Aydın University – Istanbul * Istanbul Bilgi University – Istanbul * Istanbul Medipol University - Istanbul * İzmir University of Economics – İzmir * Kadir Has University - Istanbul * Koç University – Istanbul * Sabancı University – Istanbul * TOBB University of Economics and Technology – Ankara * University of Turkish Aeronautical Association – Ankara * Yaşar University – İzmir * Yeditepe University – Istanbul

United Kingdom

There are five fully private universities in the United Kingdom: the non-profit University of Buckingham and Regent's University London, and the for-profit BPP University, University of Law and Arden University. All other British universities are partly publicly funded and regulated: the government regulates their tuition fees, student funding and student loans and commissions and regulates research assessments and teaching reviews. However, unlike in Continental European countries, the British government does not own universities' assets, and university staff are not civil servants: government regulation arises as a condition of accepting funding from bodies such as the Office for Students (OfS) and any university can in principle choose to leave the OfS regulated system at any time. – HEFCE's powers were transferred to the OfS under the Higher Education and Research Act 2017 Since September 2012 government funding for teaching and background funding for research has been substantially reduced, with one study from that year indicating that annual government funding for teaching and research would make up just 15% of universities’ income by 2015. In the UK, an institution can only use the title "University" or "University College" if it has been granted by the Her Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, Privy Council or (in England) by the Office for Students, under the terms of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 as amended by the Higher Education and Research Act 2017.



Even though Argentina has a robust network of free public universities it also has over thirty private universities accredited by the national Ministry of Education. All accredited private higher education institutions must be run by
nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that o ...
s. Other for-profit institutions exist but can not give out official degrees or call themselves universities.


There are several private universities in Canada that have been granted the power to award degrees authority by a provincial authority. However, the majority of degree-granting institutions in the country are public universities; a result of the Canadian university system's historic reliance on government funds for support. The oldest private universities in Canada operated as seminaries or as religiously-affiliated institutions, although several for-profit education, for-profit and not-for-profit private universities were opened in Canada during the late-20th and early 21st century.


Chile has 31 completely private universities and an additional 14 universities which are run by private organizations (mostly religious) but receive some state funding.


*All Saints University School of Medicine *International University for Graduate Studies *New World University *Ross University School of Medicine *Western Orthodox University


In Guatemala, the only public university is Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. The rest of the degree offering institutions in the country are private. See list of universities in Guatemala for a list of the private universities in the country.


Mexico has private and public (government managed) universities. Public universities are free or require a very minimum fee and private universities usually charge for an initial enrollment and monthly fees. The well known private universities in Mexico are: * Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Tecnológico de Monterrey * Universidad Iberoamericana * Panamerican University * Universidad Anáhuac México, Universidad Anáhuac * Universidad de las Américas Puebla, University of the Americas * Universidad La Salle México, Universidad La Salle * Universidad del Valle de México


Peru has private and public universities. * Cayetano Heredia University (non-profit) * University of Lima (non-profit) * Universidad del Pacífico (Peru), University of the Pacific (non-profit) * Peruvian University of Applied Sciences * César Vallejo University * University of Piura (non-profit) * Ricardo Palma University (non-profit) * Universidad San Ignacio de Loyola * Female University of the Sacred Heart (non-profit) * Private University of the North * Los Andes Peruvian University, Los Andes University (non-profit) * Marcelino Champagnat University (non-profit) * Pontifical Catholic University of Peru (non-profit) * Catholic University of Santa María (non-profit)

United States

In the US, 4,648 out of 6,606 post-secondary institutions (70%) were private as of 2016–17, of which 1,823 (39%) were non-profit and 2,825 (61%) were for-profit. Among degree-granting four-year institutions, 2,095 were private out of 2,832 (74%), of which 1,581 (75%) were non-profit and 514 (25%) were for-profit. About 20% of American college students attend private colleges. Most of the remainder attend state-supported schools. Universities base their selections on academic performance as well as many secondary factors. Tuition at private universities tends to be higher than at public universities, though many private universities offer financial aid as well. For example, at Washington University in St. Louis, 48% of students receive some form of financial support from either the university or the federal government, averaging $34,990. This is mostly in the form of performance-based scholarships although 13% of freshmen typically receive need-based aid averaging $8,017.



There are currently three private universities in Australia. Bond University, Australia's first private university, dates from 1987. Situated on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Gold Coast, it runs three semesters per year (correlating exactly with the Northern and Southern Hemispheres' schedules), which allows a student to complete a six semester degree in two years, and an eight semester degree (e.g. Law) in under three years. The University of Notre Dame Australia, a private Catholic university based in Fremantle, was established two years later in 1989, and the newest of the three, Torrens University Australia, opened in Adelaide in 2014.


External links

Private Universities Act 1992 – Bangladesh

Higher Education Colleges Association – Ireland
{{Authority control Private universities and colleges, Types of university or college Education economics