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The president of Brazil ( pt, Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil ( pt, Presidente da República Federativa do Brasil) or simply the ''President of the Republic'', is both the
head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of one's personality, or the social role that one adopts, or a fictional ch ...
and the
head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or function * Executive (government), branch of government that has authority and responsibility for the administrat ...
of
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 211 mill ...

Brazil
. The president leads the
executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government that enforces law, and has Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. In political systems based on the principle ...
of the
federal government A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, ...
and is the
commander-in-chief A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control Command and control is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes ... hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men' ...
of the
Brazilian Armed Forces The Brazilian Armed Forces ( pt, Forças Armadas Brasileiras, ) is the unified military organization comprising the Brazilian Army (including the Brazilian Army Aviation Command, Brazilian Army Aviation), the Brazilian Navy (including the Brazil ...
. The
presidential system A presidential system, or single executive system, is a form of government in which a head of government (President (government title), president) leads an Executive (government), executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch in s ...
was established in 1889, upon the proclamation of the republic in a military coup d'état against Emperor Pedro II. Since then, Brazil has had six
constitutions A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, three dictatorships, and three democratic periods. During the democratic periods, voting has always been
compulsory
compulsory
. The
Constitution of Brazil The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil ( pt, Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil) is the supreme law A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the lega ...
, along with several
constitutional amendments A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, establishes the requirements, powers, and responsibilities of the president, their term of office and the method of election.
Jair Bolsonaro Jair Messias Bolsonaro (; born 21 March 1955) is a Brazilian politician and retired military officer who has been the 38th president of Brazil The president of Brazil ( pt, Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federativ ...

Jair Bolsonaro
is the 38th and current president. He was sworn in on 1 January 2019 following the 2018 presidential election.


Constitutional powers

As a republic with a presidential executive, Brazil grants significant powers to the president, who effectively controls the executive branch, represents the country abroad, and appoints the
cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent glass sheets or transparent polycarbonate sheets * Filing ...
and, with the approval of the
Senate The Curia Julia in the Roman Forum ">Roman_Forum.html" ;"title="Curia Julia in the Roman Forum">Curia Julia in the Roman Forum A senate is a deliberative assembly, often the upper house or Debating chamber, chamber of a bicameral legislatu ...
, the judges for the
Supreme Federal Court The Supreme Federal Court ( pt, Supremo Tribunal Federal, , abbreviated STF) is the supreme court The supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adju ...

Supreme Federal Court
. The president is also the
commander-in-chief A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control Command and control is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes ... hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men' ...
of the
armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, Society, societies, or pa ...
. Presidents in Brazil have significant lawmaking powers, exercised either by proposing laws to the
National Congress''National Congress'' is a term used in the names of various political parties and legislatures . Political parties *Ethiopia: Oromo National Congress *Guyana: People's National Congress (Guyana) *India: Indian National Congress *Iraq: Iraqi Natio ...

National Congress
or by using ( provisional measures), an instrument with the force of law that the president can enact in cases of urgency and necessity except to make changes to some areas of law (provisional measures cannot be used to change criminal law or electoral law). A provisional measure comes into effect immediately, before Congress votes on it, and remains in force for up to 60 days unless Congress votes to rescind it. The 60-day period can be extended once, up to 120 days. If Congress, on the other hand, votes to approve the provisional measure, it becomes an actual law, with changes decided by the legislative branch. The provisional measure expires at the end of the 60-day period (or the 120-day, in the case of extension), or sooner, if rejected by one of the Houses of Congress. Article 84 of the current Federal Constitution, determines that the president has the power to # appoint and dismiss the ministers of state; # exercise, with the assistance of the ministers of state, the higher management of the federal administration; # initiate the legislative procedure, in the manner and in the cases set forth in the Constitution; # sanction, promulgate, and order the publication of laws, as well as issue decrees and regulations for the true enforcement thereof; # veto bills, wholly or in part; # provide, by means of decree, on organization and structure of federal administration if there is neither increase of expenses nor creation or extinction of public agencies; and extinction of offices or positions, when vacant; # maintain relations with foreign States and to accredit their diplomatic representatives; # conclude international treaties, conventions and acts, subject to the ratification of the
National Congress of Brazil The National Congress of Brazil ( pt, Congresso Nacional do Brasil) is the legislative body of Brazil's federal government. Unlike the States of Brazil, state Legislative assembly, legislative assemblies and Câmara Municipal, municipal chambers, ...

National Congress of Brazil
; # decree the state of defense and the state of siege, in accordance with the constitutional procedures that precede and authorize those emergency decrees; # decree and enforce federal intervention, in accordance with the constitutional procedures that precede and authorize such exceptional action; # upon the opening of the legislative session, send a government message and plan to the National Congress, describing the state of the nation and requesting the actions he deems necessary; # grant pardons and reduce sentences, after hearing the entities instituted by law, if necessary; # exercise the supreme command of the armed forces, appoint the commanders of navy, army and air force, promote general officers and to appoint them to the offices held exclusively by them; # appoint, after approval by the Federal Senate, the Justices of the Supreme Federal Court and those of the superior courts, the Governors of the territories, the Prosecutor General of the Republic, the president and the directors of the Central Bank and other civil servants, when established by law; # appoint, with due regard for the provisions of Article 73, the Justices of the Court of Accounts of the Union; # appoint judges in the events established by this constitution and the Attorney General of the Union; # appoint members of the Council of the Republic, in accordance with article 89, VII; # summon and preside over the Council of the Republic and the National Defense Council; # declare war, in the event of foreign aggression, authorized by the National Congress or confirmed by it, whenever it occurs between legislative sessions and, under the same conditions, to decree full or partial national mobilization; # make peace, authorized or confirmed by the National Congress; # award decorations and honorary distinctions; # permit, in the cases set forth by supplementary law, foreign forces to pass through the national territory, or to remain temporarily therein; # submit to the National Congress the pluriannual plan, the bill of budgetary directives and the budget proposals set forth in this constitution; # render, each year, accounts to the National Congress concerning the previous fiscal year, within sixty days of the opening of the legislative session; # fill and abolish federal government positions, as set forth by law; # issue provisional measures, with force of law, according to Article 62; # perform other duties set forth in the constitution.


Election


Requirements

The
Constitution of Brazil The Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil ( pt, Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil) is the supreme law A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents that constitute the lega ...
requires that a president be a native-born citizen of Brazil, at least 35 years of age, a resident of Brazil, in full exercise of their electoral rights, a registered voter, and a member of a
political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a particular country's elections. It is common for the members of a party to hold similar ideas about politics, and parties may promote specific political ideology ...
(
write-in A write-in candidate is a candidate whose name does not appear on the ballot but seeks election by asking voters to cast a vote Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an electorate, in order to make a collective decision or expr ...
or independent candidates are prohibited).


Term limits

The president of Brazil serves for a term of four years, and may be re-elected for a single consecutive term. This two-term limit, however, is not for life—a former president who has served for two consecutive terms may run for the presidency again after at least one term has elapsed. A
vice president A vice president, also director in British English, is an officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationsh ...
or other officer who succeeds to the presidency or who serves, albeit briefly, as
acting president An acting president is a person who temporarily fills the role of a country's president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, univer ...
during a certain presidential term may subsequently be elected or reelected to the presidency only once, as the consecutive term limit already applies. In practice, Brazilian vice-presidents almost always serve as acting president at some point during a presidential term, given that, according to the
Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, the vice-president becomes acting president during the president's travels abroad.


Running for other offices

A sitting president (or governor or mayor) who wishes to run for a different office, regardless of the intended jurisdiction or branch of government, must resign from office at least six months before
election day Election day or polling day is the day on which general election A general election is a political voting election where generally all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation, state, or territo ...

election day
.


History

The possibility of
reelection The incumbent is the current holder of an office An office is generally a building A building, or edifice, is a structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place, such as a house or factory. Buildings co ...
was established by the 16th Amendment to the Constitution, in 1997. Before that, presidents had been barred from immediate reelection for all of Brazil's republican history, with the single exception of the latter half of the
Vargas Era The Vargas Era (Portuguese language, Portuguese: ''Era Vargas''; ) is the period in the History of Brazil, history of Brazil between 1930 and 1945, when the country was governed by President Getúlio Vargas. The period from 1930 to 1937 is know ...
, from 1937 to 1945. The office was limited to men until the 1937 Constitution.


Compensation and privileges of office

As of 2015,Diário da União publica reajuste de salários de parlamentares, presidente e ministros ("Brazilian 'Federal Register' publishes a pay raise for senators, representatives, president and ministries")
''
Estado de Minas ''Estado de Minas'' (abbreviated ''EM'') is a Brazilian newspaper published in the capital of Minas Gerais state, Belo Horizonte. Its foundation dates as late as 1928, and one year later it was bought by Assis Chateaubriand's Diários Associados. '' ...
'', ''
Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte (, ; "Beautiful Horizon") is the List of largest cities in Brazil, sixth-largest city in Brazil, with a population around 2.7 million and with a metropolitan area of 12.7 million people. It is the List of cities in South Americ ...

Belo Horizonte
'', 19 December 2014. Retrieved on 29 May 2018.
the president receives a monthly salary of R$30,934.70,
'' Ministry of Transparency, Supervision and Control''. Retrieved on 15 May 2021.
along with an undisclosed expense account to cover travel, goods and services while in office. Given that in Brazil all private and public sector employees and civil servants receive an additional compensation equivalent to one monthly salary after a year of work (this compensation is known as the ''thirteenth salary''), the president receives 13 payments per year, resulting in an annual salary of R$402,151.10. The ''
Palácio do Planalto The Palácio do Planalto () in Brasília is the official workplace of the president of Brazil.
'' in
Brasília Brasília (; ) is the federal capitalA federal capital is a political entity, often a municipality or capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, countr ...

Brasília
is the official workplace of the president and the ''
Palácio da Alvorada The Palácio da Alvorada () is the official residence of the President of Brazil. It is located in the Capital (political), national capital of Brasília, on a peninsula at the margins of Paranoá Lake. The building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer ...

Palácio da Alvorada
'' their official residence; he or she is entitled to use its staff and facilities. The '' Residência Oficial do Torto'', popularly known as ''Granja do Torto'', is a ranch located on the outskirts of the capital and is used as a country retreat by the president. The '''' in
Petrópolis Petrópolis (, , , ), also known as The Imperial City, is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, ...

Petrópolis
, Rio de Janeiro, is a summer retreat of the president, although used rarely. In addition, the presidency of the republic also maintains the Jaburu Palace in Brasília for use by the vice president of the Republic as his or her official residence. In the 2000s, the federal government decided to establish ''Regional Offices of the Presidency of the Republic'' in certain key Brazilian cities. Those regional offices are not presidential residences, but they are fully staffed offices ready to receive the president and his ministers at any time, and they function as a presidential workplace when the president is in those cities. The first regional office of the presidency was established in the city of São Paulo, and is located at the
Banco do Brasil Banco do Brasil S.A. ( en, Bank of Brazil) is a Brazilian financial services company headquartered in Brasília, Brazil. The oldest bank in Brazil, and one of the List of oldest banks in continuous operation, oldest banks in continuous operation in ...

Banco do Brasil
building at the
Paulista Avenue Paulista Avenue (Avenida Paulista in Portuguese language, Portuguese, ''Paulista'' being the demonym for those born in State of São Paulo, São Paulo state) is one of the most important avenues in São Paulo (city), São Paulo, Brazil. It stretch ...

Paulista Avenue
; the building also houses Banco do Brasil's regional headquarters in São Paulo. The presidency of the republic also maintains regional offices in
Porto Alegre Porto Alegre (, , Brazilian ; ) is the capital and largest city of the Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5&nbs ...

Porto Alegre
and in
Belo Horizonte Belo Horizonte (, ; "Beautiful Horizon") is the List of largest cities in Brazil, sixth-largest city in Brazil, with a population around 2.7 million and with a metropolitan area of 12.7 million people. It is the List of cities in South Americ ...

Belo Horizonte
. For ground travel, the president uses the
presidential state car An official state car is a vehicle used by a government to transport its head of state or head of government in an official capacity, which may also be used occasionally to transport other members of the government or visiting dignitaries from oth ...
, which is an armored version of the 2019 built on a
Ford CD3 platform The Ford CD3 platform (for " C/D-class") is a Ford The Ford Motor Company, commonly known as Ford, is an American multinational automaker that has its main headquarters in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit (strait) , nicknames ...
. A 1952
Rolls-Royce Silver Wraith 285px, Rear of the touring limousine The Silver Wraith was the first post-war Rolls-Royce. It was made from 1946 to 1958 as only a chassis at Rolls-Royce's former Merlin engine plant, their Crewe factory, alongside the shorter Bentley Mark VI ...
is used by the president on ceremonial occasions, such as Independence Day commemorations, state visits and the
inauguration In government and politics, inauguration is the process of Oath of office, swearing a person into Public administration, office and thus making that person the incumbent. Such an inauguration commonly occurs through a formal ceremony or special ev ...
of the president-elect. A modified version of the
Airbus A319 The Airbus A319 is a member of the Airbus A320 family The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus. The A320 was launched in March 1984, first flew on 22 February 1987, and was introduced in April 1 ...

Airbus A319
, designation VC-1A, is used to transport the president on all medium and long-range international flights.FAB 001 – O Avião Presidencial
DefesaBR. Retrieved on 27 May 2011. .
Two modified
Embraer 190 The Embraer E-Jet family is a series of narrow-body short- to medium-range twin-engine jet airliners, carrying 66 to 124 passengers commercially, manufactured by Brazilian aerospace manufacturer Embraer. The aircraft family was first introdu ...

Embraer 190
jets, air force designation VC-2, are used for short and medium range presidential travel. When the president is on board, the aircraft receive the call sign " Brazilian Air Force One". Two modified military versions of the
Eurocopter Super Puma The Airbus Helicopters H215 (formerly Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma) is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-size utility helicopter developed and marketed originally by Aérospatiale, later by Eurocopter and currently by Airbus Helicopters. It is a ...
, air force designation VH-34, are currently used as the main presidential helicopters. File:Palácio do Planalto GGFD8938.jpg, ''
Palácio do Planalto The Palácio do Planalto () in Brasília is the official workplace of the president of Brazil.
'' File:Homologação do tombamento de obras do Niemeyer (34321040524).jpg, ''
Palácio da Alvorada The Palácio da Alvorada () is the official residence of the President of Brazil. It is located in the Capital (political), national capital of Brasília, on a peninsula at the margins of Paranoá Lake. The building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer ...

Palácio da Alvorada
'' File:Residencia Oficial do Torto.jpg, '' Residência Oficial do Torto'' File:President's Summer home, Rio Negro Palace, Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro.jpg, '''' File:Flag hoisting ceremony at the Planalto Palace (cropped).jpg,
Presidential state car An official state car is a vehicle used by a government to transport its head of state or head of government in an official capacity, which may also be used occasionally to transport other members of the government or visiting dignitaries from oth ...
File:25 08 2021 Cerimônia do Dia do Soldado, com a imposição de condecorações (51401972171).jpg, Secondary presidential state car File:Rolls-Royce Presidencial.jpg, Ceremonial state car File:Airbus A319CJ Brazilian Air Force FAB2101 (23034931879).jpg, Main presidential aircraft (VC-1A) File:Embraer VC-2, Brazil - Air Force JP6903556.jpg, Secondary presidential aircraft (VC-2) File:Helicoptero-presidencial-brasil-2020(cortado).jpg, (VH-34 and VH-36)


Removal

The president may be removed from officeConstitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil 1988
- SECTION III - LIABILITY OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC (English translation)
using one of two procedures. In either case, two-thirds of the
Chamber of Deputies The chamber of deputies is the lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorporated community in Apach ...
must accept charges against the officeholder (
impeachment Impeachment is the process by which a legislative body A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) ...
); and if the Senate accepts the investigation, the president is suspended from exercising the functions of office for up to 180 days. In the case of "common criminal offenses", a trial then takes place at the
Supreme Federal Court The Supreme Federal Court ( pt, Supremo Tribunal Federal, , abbreviated STF) is the supreme court The supreme court is the highest court A court is any person or institution, often as a government institution, with the authority to Adju ...

Supreme Federal Court
. In the case of "crimes of malversation", which must fall into one of seven broad areas and which is defined in more detail in law, a trial takes place at the Federal Senate. During the trial, the vice president exercises executive power. If the trial does not result in a conviction within 180 days, the president resumes office; a conviction results in removal from office and succession by the vice president. The seven areas are: # The existence of the Union # The free exercise of the Legislative Power, the Judicial Power, the Public Prosecution and the constitutional Powers of the units of the Federation # The exercise of political, individual and social rights # The internal security of the country # Probity in the administration # The budgetary law # Compliance with the laws and with court decisions


Post-presidency

The following privileges are guaranteed to former presidents by law: *Permanent security protection (by the presidential guard – '' Batalhão da Guarda Presidencial'') *The use of two official vehicles (for life) *Repository funding for a presidential library *Lifelong monthly pension for their widows and unmarried daughters *Pension for sons of deceased ex-presidents until they come of age


Office-holders

All presidents of Brazil have borne the title ''President of the Republic''. That title has been used by all the constitutions of Brazil since the proclamation of the Republic to refer to the head of the Executive Branch.However, from the proclamation of the Republic in 1889 until 1937 the country was officially styled ''Republic of the United States of Brazil'', and from 1937 to 1967 the country was styled simply ''The United States of Brazil'', and thus the full title of the presidents of the Republic from 1891 until 1967—that is, from
Deodoro da Fonseca Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca (; 5 August 1827 – 23 August 1892) was a Brazilian politician and military officer who served as the first president of Brazil President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a lea ...

Deodoro da Fonseca
's inauguration as President (between 1889 and 1891 he served as Head of the Provisional Government) until the end of 's term in 1967—was ''President of the Republic of the United States of Brazil''. On 15 March 1967, the country's official name was changed to ''Federative Republic of Brazil''. On that same date, Arthur da Costa e Silva was sworn in as President succeeding Castello Branco. Since Costa e Silva, therefore, all presidents of Brazil have borne the full title of ''President of the Federative Republic of Brazil''. File:Deodoro da Fonseca (1889).jpg, File:Floriano Peixoto (1891).jpg, File:Prudentedemorais.jpg, File:Campos Sales.jpg, File:Rodrigues Alves 3.jpg, File:Afonso Pena.jpg, File:Nilo Peçanha 02.jpg, File:Hermes da Fonseca (1910).jpg, File:Venceslau Brás.jpg, File:Delfim Moreira (1918).jpg, File:Epitacio Pessoa (1919).jpg, File:Artur Bernardes (1922).jpg, File:Washington Luís (foto).jpg, File:Cartão-postal de Campanha de Júlio Prestes - 1930 (cropped).jpg, File:Isaías de Noronha 2, sem data.tif, File:Augusto Tasso Fragoso.jpg, File:João de Deus Menna Barreto, General, 1931.tif, File:Getulio Vargas (1930).jpg, File:José Linhares, presidente dos Estados Unidos do Brasil.tif, File:GASPARDUTRA.jpg, File:17 - Getúlio Dorneles Vargas 1951 derivative.jpg, File:Café Filho.jpg, File:CarlosLuz.jpg, File:Nereu.gif, File:Juscelino.jpg, File:Janio Quadros.png, File:Ranieri Mazzilli (1961).jpg, File:Jango.jpg, File:Ranieri Mazzilli (1961).jpg, File:Castelobranco.jpg, File:Costa e Silva.jpg, File:Pedro Aleixo.jpg, File:Brigadeiro Márcio de Souza Mello, Ministro da Aeronáutica.tif, File:Aurélio de Lira Tavares, General, Ministro do Exército..tif, File:Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald, Vice-presidente da República..tif, File:Emílio Garrastazu Médici, presidente da República. (cropped).tif, File:Ernesto Geisel a cores.jpg, File:Figueiredo.jpg, File:Senador Tancredo Neves (cropped).jpg, File:Foto Oficial Sarney EBC.jpg, File:Fernando Collor 1992 B&W.jpg, File:Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco.gif, File:Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1994).jpg, File:Lula - foto oficial - 05 jan 2007 (cropped 3).jpg, File:Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09.jpg, File:Presidente Michel Temer (foto oficial) - cortada.jpg, File:Jair Bolsonaro em 24 de abril de 2019 (1) (cropped).jpg,


Presidents by birth state

: 9 (
Afonso Pena Afonso Augusto Moreira Pena (; 30 November 1847 – 14 June 1909) was a Brazilian people, Brazilian politician who served as President of Brazil between 1906 and 1909. Before his political career, Pena had been an attorney and legal scholar. He ...

Afonso Pena
,
Venceslau Brás Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (; 26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966) was a Brazilian politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, ...

Venceslau Brás
, ,
Arthur Bernardes Artur da Silva Bernardes (; 8 August 1875 – 23 March 1955) was a Brazilian Political figure, politician who served as List of Presidents of Brazil, 12th President of Brazil during the First Brazilian Republic. Born in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, h ...

Arthur Bernardes
,
Carlos Luz Carlos Coimbra da Luz (; 4 August 1894 – 9 February 1961) was a Brazilian people, Brazilian Political figure, politician, lawyer, teacher and journalist who served as Acting President of Brazil from November 8 to November 11, 1955. After the ...
,
Juscelino Kubitschek Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (; 12 September 1902 – 22 August 1976), known also by his initials JK, was a prominent Brazilian politician who served as the 21st president of Brazil The president of Brazil ( pt, Presidente do Brasil ...

Juscelino Kubitschek
, '''', ''
Tancredo Neves Tancredo de Almeida Neves () (4 March 1910 – 21 April 1985) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and entrepreneur. He served as Ministry of Justice and Public Security (Brazil), Minister of Justice and Interior Affairs from 1953 to 1954, Prim ...

Tancredo Neves
'',
Dilma Rousseff Dilma Vana Rousseff (; born 14 December 1947) is a Brazilian economist and politician who served as the 36th president of Brazil, holding the position from 2011 until Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, her impeachment and removal from office on 31 Au ...
) : 7 (
Prudente de Morais Prudente José de Morais e Barros (; 4 October 1841 – 3 December 1902) was the third President of Brazil. He is notable as the first civilian president of the country, the first to be elected by direct popular ballot under the permanent provisi ...
,
Campos Sales Dr. Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales (; 15 February 1841 – 28 June 1913) was a Brazilian lawyer, Farmer, coffee farmer, and politician who served as the List of Presidents of Brazil, fourth President of Brazil. He was born in the city of Camp ...
,
Rodrigues Alves Francisco de Paula Rodrigues Alves, PC (; 7 July 1848 – 16 January 1919) was a Brazilian politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or n ...
, '' Júlio Prestes'',
Ranieri Mazzilli Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli (; 27 April 1910 – 21 April 1975) was a Brazilian people, Brazilian politician who was appointed as caretaker List of Presidents of Brazil, President of Brazil for two short terms, in 1961 and 1964. Life and career M ...
,
Michel Temer Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia (; born 23 September 1940) is a Brazilian politician, lawyer and writer who served as the 37th from 31 August 2016 to 31 December 2018. He took office after the and removal from office of his predecessor . He ha ...

Michel Temer
,
Jair Bolsonaro Jair Messias Bolsonaro (; born 21 March 1955) is a Brazilian politician and retired military officer who has been the 38th president of Brazil The president of Brazil ( pt, Presidente do Brasil), officially the president of the Federativ ...

Jair Bolsonaro
) : 6 (
Hermes da Fonseca Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca (), ( São Gabriel, 12 May 1855 - Petrópolis, 9 September 1923) was a Brazilian field marshal Field marshal (or field-marshal, abbreviated as FM) is the most senior military rank, ordinarily senior to the genera ...

Hermes da Fonseca
,
Getúlio Vargas Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (; 19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) was a Brazilian lawyer and politician who served as president of Brazil during two periods: the first was from 1930 to 1945, when he served as interim president from 1930 to 1934, ...
,
João Goulart João Belchior Marques Goulart (Gaúcho dialect, gaúcho , or in the standard Rio de Janeiro (state), Fluminense dialect; 1 March 1918 – 6 December 1976) was a Brazilian politician who served as the List of Presidents of Brazil, 24th preside ...
,
Artur da Costa e Silva Artur da Costa e Silva (; October 3, 1899 – December 17, 1969) was a Brazilian Army General and the second President of Brazil, President of the Brazilian military government that came to power after the 1964 Brazilian coup d'état, 1964 coup ...
,
Emílio Garrastazu Médici Emílio Garrastazu Médici (; December 4, 1905 – October 9, 1985) was a Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5&nb ...
,
Ernesto Geisel Ernesto Beckmann Geisel (, ; August 3, 1907 – September 12, 1996) was a Brazilian Army ) , colors= Olive Green , march= ''Canção do Exército''( en, "Army Song") , mascot= Jaguar , equipment= 469 main battle tanks, 1,976 armored vehicl ...

Ernesto Geisel
) : 5 (,
Washington Luís Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa (; 26 October 1869 – 4 August 1957) was a Brazilian politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions i ...

Washington Luís
,
João Figueiredo João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo (; 15 January 1918 – 24 December 1999) was a Brazilian military leader and politician who was the 30th president of Brazil, the last of the Brazilian military government, military regime that ruled the c ...

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Fernando Collor de Mello Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (; born 12 August 1949) is a Brazilian politician who served as the 32nd president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his impeachment trial by the Brazilian Senate. Collor ...
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Fernando Henrique Cardoso Fernando Henrique Cardoso (; born 18 June 1931), also known by his initials FHC (), is a Brazilian sociologist, professor and politician who served as the 34th President of Brazil from 1 January 1995 to 1 January 2003. He was the first Brazili ...
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Deodoro da Fonseca Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca (; 5 August 1827 – 23 August 1892) was a Brazilian politician and military officer who served as the first president of Brazil President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a lea ...

Deodoro da Fonseca
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Floriano Peixoto Floriano Vieira Peixoto ( 30 April 1839 – 29 July 1895), born in Ipioca (today a district of the city of Maceió in the State of Alagoas), nicknamed the "Iron Marshal", was a Brazilian soldier and politician, a veteran of the Paragua ...

Floriano Peixoto
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Itamar Franco Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco (; 28 June 19302 July 2011) was a Brazilian politician who served as the 33rd President of Brazil from 29 December 1992 to 1 January 1995. Previously he was Vice President of Brazil from 1990 until the resignation ...

Itamar Franco
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biblioteca.presidencia.gov.br
Manuel Vitorino Manuel Vitorino Pereira (January 30, 1853 – November 9, 1902) was Governor of Bahia from 1889 to 1890 and Vice President A vice president (in British English: vice-president for governments and director for businesses) is an Corporate of ...
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Eurico Gaspar Dutra Eurico Gaspar Dutra (; May 18, 1883 – June 11, 1974) was a Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million s ...

Eurico Gaspar Dutra
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Jânio Quadros Jânio da Silva Quadros (; January 25, 1917 – February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian lawyer and Politics of Brazil, politician who served as the List of Presidents of Brazil, 22nd President of Brazil from January 31 to August 25, 1961, when ...
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Epitácio Pessoa Epitácio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa (; 23 May 1865 – 13 February 1942) was a Brazilian Political figure, politician and jurist who served as 11th president of Brazil between 1919 and 1922, when Rodrigues Alves was unable to take office due to il ...

Epitácio Pessoa
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Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (; born Luiz Inácio da Silva; 27 October 1945), known as Lula, is a Brazilian politician and former union leader who served as the 35th President of Brazil President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate t ...

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva
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Café Filho João Fernandes Campos Café Filho (; February 3, 1899 – February 20, 1970) was a Brazilian Political figure, politician who served as the List of Presidents of Brazil, 18th President of Brazil, taking office upon the suicide of former Presid ...

Café Filho
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Nereu Ramos Nereu de Oliveira Ramos (; 3 September 1888 – 16 June 1958) was a Brazilian people, Brazilian political figure. He briefly served as President of Brazil, Interim President of Brazil in the aftermath of the political crisis which culminated in t ...

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Latest election


See also

*List of presidents of Brazil *Brazilian presidential inauguration *Politics of Brazil *Cabinet of Brazil *Vice President of Brazil * Brazilian Air Force One *Presidential Guard Battalion (Brazil)


References


External links


Official website of the Presidency of the Republic
{{DEFAULTSORT:President Of Brazil Executive branch of Brazil Presidents by country, Brazil Presidents of Brazil, 1889 establishments in Brazil