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The premier of South Australia is the head of government in the state of
South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...

South Australia
, Australia. The
Government of South Australia The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Government is the Australian state The States and Territories of Australia are the regional governments in Australia ...
follows the
Westminster system The Westminster system or Westminster model is a type of parliamentary A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democratic Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: *A proponent of democracy Democracy ...
, with a
Parliament of South Australia The Parliament of South Australia is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of South Australia. It consists of the 47-seat South Australian House of Assembly, House of Assembly (lower house) and the 22-seat South Australian Legislativ ...
acting as the legislature. The premier is appointed by the
Governor of South Australia The governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian contin ...
, and by modern convention holds office by virtue of his or her ability to command the support of a majority of members of the lower house of Parliament, the
House of Assembly House of Assembly is a name given to the legislature A legislature is an deliberative assembly, assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, political entity such as a Sovereign state, country or city. They are often contrasted w ...
.
Steven Marshall Steven Spence Marshall (born 21 January 1968) is an Australian politician serving as the 46th and current premier of South Australia. He has been a member of the Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division), South Australian Division ...
is the current premier, having served since 19 March 2018.


History

The office of Premier of South Australia was established upon the commencement of
responsible government Responsible government is a conception of a system of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ' ...
with the passage of the ''Constitution Act 1856''. The role was based upon that of the
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the Executive (government), executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a ...
, with the Premier requiring the support of a majority of the members of the lower house to remain head of government. No parties or solid groupings would be formed until after the 1890 election, which resulted in frequent changes of the Premier of South Australia. If for any reason the incumbent Premier lost sufficient support through a successful
motion of no confidence A motion of no confidence, vote of no confidence, or no confidence motion, sometimes in the reverse as a motion of confidence or vote of confidence, is a statement or vote Voting is a method for a group, such as a meeting or an Constituenc ...
at any time on the
floor of the house A legislative chamber or house is a deliberative assembly within a legislature which generally meets and votes separately from the legislature's other chambers. Legislatures are usually Unicameralism, unicameral, consisting of only one chamber, ...
, he would tender his resignation to the
Governor of South Australia The governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian contin ...
, which would result in another member deemed to have the support of the House of Assembly being sworn in by the Governor as the next Premier. Informal groupings began and increased government stability occurred from the 1887 election. The United Labor Party would be formed in 1891, while the
National Defence League The National Defence League (NDL) was an Independent politician, independent conservatism, conservative political party, founded in 1891 by South Australian Legislative Council, MLC Richard Chaffey Baker, Richard Baker in South Australia as an im ...
would be formed later in the same year. Before the 1890s when there was no formal party system in
South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...

South Australia
, MPs tended to have historical liberal or conservative beliefs. The liberals dominated government from the 1893 election to 1905 election with the support of the South Australian United Labor Party, with the conservatives mostly in opposition. Labor took government with the support of eight dissident liberals in 1905 when Labor won the most seats for the first time. The rise of Labor saw non-Labor politics start to merge into various party incarnations. The two
independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Hope, Pennsylvania, area of the United States during the early 1930s * Independen ...
conservative parties, the
Australasian National League The National Defence League (NDL) was an Independent politician, independent conservatism, conservative political party, founded in 1891 by South Australian Legislative Council, MLC Richard Chaffey Baker, Richard Baker in South Australia as an imm ...
(formerly National Defence League) and the
Farmers and Producers Political Union The Farmers and Producers Political Union (FPPU) was an independent Independent or Independents may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Artist groups * Independents (artist group), a group of modernist painters based in the New Hope, Penn ...
merged with the
Liberal and Democratic Union The Liberal and Democratic Union (LDU) was a South Australian political party formed by early liberalism, liberals, as opposed to the conservatism, conservatives. It was formed in 1906 when liberal party structures were becoming more solid. Its l ...
to become the Liberal Union in 1910. Labor formed South Australia's first
majority government A majority government refers to one or multiple governing parties that hold an absolute majority A supermajority, supra-majority, qualified majority or special majority, is a requirement for a proposal to gain a specified level of support whic ...
after winning the 1910 state election, triggering the merger. The 1910 election came two weeks after federal Labor formed Australia's first elected majority government at the 1910 federal election. No "Country" or rural conservative parties emerged as serious long-term forces in
South Australian South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...
state politics, often folding into the main non-Labor party.


List of premiers of South Australia

The first six
Governors of South Australia The governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australian state of South Australia of Elizabeth II as the queen of Australia. The governor performs the same constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level as does the gov ...
oversaw governance from
proclamation A proclamation (Lat. ''proclamare'', to make public by announcement) is an official declaration issued by a person of authority to make certain announcements known. Proclamations are currently used within the governing framework of some nations ...
in 1836 until
self-government __NOTOC__ Self-governance, self-government, or self-rule is the ability of a person or group to exercise all necessary functions of regulation without intervention from an external authority (sociology), authority. It may refer to personal con ...
and an elected
Parliament of South Australia The Parliament of South Australia is the bicameral legislature of the Australian state of South Australia. It consists of the 47-seat South Australian House of Assembly, House of Assembly (lower house) and the 22-seat South Australian Legislativ ...
was enacted in the year prior to the inaugural 1857 election.


Living former premiers

There are seven living former premiers, the oldest being
Steele Hall Raymond Steele Hall (born 30 November 1928) is a former Australian politician who served as the 36th Premier of South Australia from 1968 to 1970. He also served in the Parliament of Australia, federal Parliament as a senator for South Australi ...
(1968–70, born 1928). The most recent premier to die was
John Bannon John Charles Bannon (7 May 1943 – 13 December 2015) was an Australian politician and academic. He was the 39th Premier of South Australia, leading the Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch), South Australian Branch of the Australia ...

John Bannon
(Premier 1982–1992) on 13 December 2015.


Timeline

In the following timeline, the legend includes the Liberal and Democratic Union, the Liberal Union and the Liberal Federation represented as "Liberal (pre-1979)". The
Liberal Party The Liberal Party is any of many political parties around the world. The meaning of ''liberal'' varies around the world, ranging from liberal conservatism on the right to social liberalism on the left. __TOC__ Active liberal parties This is a li ...
is represented as "Liberal (post-1979)" only. The grey area represents the duration of
Playmander The Playmander was a gerrymander, gerrymandering system, a pro-rural electoral Apportionment (politics), malapportionment in the Australian state of South Australia, introduced by the incumbent Liberal and Country League (LCL) government, and in pl ...

Playmander
electoral
malapportionment Apportionment is the process by which seats in a Legislature, legislative body are distributed among administrative divisions entitled to Representation (politics), representation. Apportionment in theory The simplest and most universal principl ...
, beginning in 1936, in effect until the 1970 election. ImageSize = width:720 height:1500 PlotArea = left:0 right:0 bottom:65 top:10 Legend = columns:4 left:205 top:55 columnwidth:125 AlignBars = justify DateFormat = yyyy Period = from:1845 till:2021 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical Colors= id:canvas value:gray(0.5) id:ALP value:red legend:Labor id:LPA value:darkblue legend:Liberal_(post_1979) id:LCL value:blue legend:Lib/Cou._League id:LIU value:skyblue legend:Liberal_(pre_1979) id:LIB value:orange legend:Liberalism id:CON value:powderblue legend:Conservatism id:NON value:gray(0.6) legend:(Pre–party) id:WAR value:gray(0.6) Define $left = align:right shift:(-25,-5) Define $right = align:left shift:(25,-5) PlotData= mark:(line,white) fontsize:S shift:(25,-5) width:33 shift:(-25,-5) align:right color:War fontsize:S textcolor:war from:1936 till:1969 shift:(25,7) align:left width:29 color:black textcolor:black width:25 from:1845 till:1846 color:NON $right text:" 1856–1857_Boyle_Finniss" from:1846 till:1847 color:NON $left text:" John_Baker_1857" from:1847 till:1848 color:NON $right text:"" from:1848 till:1851 color:NON $left text:" Richard_Hanson_1857–1860" from:1851 till:1852 color:NON $right text:"" from:1852 till:1854 color:NON $left text:"" from:1854 till:1855 color:NON $right text:"" from:1855 till:1856 color:NON $left text:" Henry_Ayres_1863–1864" from:1856 till:1857 color:NON $right text:" 1864–1865_Arthur_Blyth" from:1857 till:1858 color:NON $left text:"(second time)_Francis_Dutton_1865" from:1858 till:1859 color:NON $right text:"1865_Henry_Ayres_(second time)" from:1859 till:1860 color:NON $left text:" John_Hart_1865–1866" from:1860 till:1861 color:NON $right text:" James_Boucaut_1866–1867" from:1861 till:1862 color:NON $left text:"(third time)_Henry_Ayers_1867–1868" from:1862 till:1863 color:NON $right text:"1868_John_Hart_(second time)" from:1863 till:1864 color:NON $left text:"(fourth time)_Henry_Ayers_1868" from:1864 till:1866 color:NON $right text:"" from:1866 till:1867 color:NON $left text:"(third time)_John_Hart_1870–1871" from:1867 till:1868 color:NON $right text:"1871–1872_Arthur_Blyth_(second time)" from:1868 till:1869 color:NON $left text:"(fifth time)_Henry_Ayers_1872–1873" from:1869 till:1871 color:NON $right text:"1873–1875_Arthur_Blyth_(third time)" from:1871 till:1872 color:NON $left text:"(second time)_James_Boucaut_1875–1876" from:1872 till:1873 color:NON $right text:"John Colton, 1876–1877_John_Colton" from:1873 till:1874 color:NON $left text:"(third time)_James_Boucaut_1877–1878" from:1874 till:1877 color:NON $right text:"William Morgan (South Australian politician), 1878–1881_William_Morgan" from:1877 till:1880 color:NON $left text:"John Cox Bray, John_Cox_Bray_1881–1884" from:1880 till:1881 color:NON $right text:"1884–1885_John_Coltan_(second time)" from:1881 till:1883 color:NON $left text:"John Downer, John_Downer_1885–1887" from:1883 till:1885 color:NON $right text:"Thomas Playford II, 1887–1889_Thomas_Playford_II" from:1885 till:1886 color:NON $left text:"John Cockburn (Australian politician), John_Cockburn_1889–1890" from:1886 till:1888 color:NON $right text:"1890–1892_Thomas_Playford_II_(second time)" from:1888 till:1889 color:NON $left text:"Frederick Holder_1892" from:1889 till:1890 color:CON $right text:"1892–1893_John_Downer_(second time)" from:1890 till:1896 color:LIB $left text:"Charles Kingston, Charles_Kingston_1893–1899" from:1896 till:1897 color:CON $right text:"Vaiben Solomon, 1899_Vaiben_Solomon" from:1897 till:1899 color:LIB $left text:"(second_time)_Frederick_Holder_1899–1901" from:1899 till:1903 color:LIB $right text:"John Jenkins (Australian politician), 1901–1905_John_Jenkins" from:1903 till:1904 color:CON $left text:"Richard Butler (Australian politician), Richard_Butler_1905" from:1904 till:1908 color:ALP $right text:"Thomas Price, 1905–1909_Thomas_Price" from:1908 till:1909 color:LIU $left text:"Archibald Peake, Archibald_Peake_1909–1910" from:1909 till:1911 color:ALP $right text:"John Verran, 1910–1912_John_Verran" from:1911 till:1914 color:LIU $left text:"(second_time)_Archibald_Peake_1912–1915" from:1914 till:1916 color:ALP $right text:"Crawford Vaughan, 1915–1917_Crawford_Vaughan" from:1916 till:1919 color:LIU $left text:"(third_time)_Archibald_Peake_1917–1920" from:1919 till:1923 color:LIU $right text:"Henry Barwell, 1920–1924_Henry_Barwell" from:1923 till:1925 color:ALP $left text:"John Gunn (Australian politician), John_Gunn_1924–1926" from:1925 till:1926 color:ALP $right text:"Lionel Hill, 1926–1927_Lionel_Hill" from:1926 till:1929 color:LIU $left text:"Richard Layton Butler, Richard_L._Butler_1927–1930" from:1929 till:1932 color:ALP $right text:"1930–1933_Lionel_Hill_(second_time)" from:1932 till:1933 color:ALP $left text:"Robert Richards (Australian politician), Robert_Richards_1933" from:1933 till:1938 color:LCL $right text:"1933–1938_Richard_L._Butler_(second_time)" from:1938 till:1964 color:LCL $left text:"Thomas Playford IV_1938–1965" from:1964 till:1966 color:ALP $right text:"Frank Walsh, 1965–1967_Frank_Walsh" from:1966 till:1967 color:ALP $left text:"Don Dunstan_1967–1968" from:1967 till:1969 color:LCL $right text:"Steele Hall, 1968–1970_Steele_Hall" from:1969 till:1978 color:ALP $left text:"(second_time)_Don_Dunstan_1970–1979" from:1978 till:1979 color:ALP $right text:"Des Corcoran, 1979_Des Corcoran" from:1979 till:1982 color:LPA $left text:"David Tonkin_1979–1982" from:1982 till:1992 color:ALP $right text:"John Bannon, 1982–1992_John_Bannon" from:1992 till:1993 color:ALP $left text:"Lynn Arnold, Lynn_Arnold_1992–1993" from:1993 till:1996 color:LPA $right text:"Dean Brown, 1993–1996_Dean_Brown" from:1996 till:2001 color:LPA $left text:"John Olsen, John_Olsen_1996–2001" from:2001 till:2002 color:LPA $right text:"Rob Kerin, 2001–2002_Rob_Kerin" from:2002 till:2011 color:ALP $left text:"Mike Rann, Mike_Rann_2002–2011" from:2011 till:2018 color:ALP $right text:"Jay Weatherill, 2011–2018_Jay_Weatherill" from:2018 till:end color:LPA $left text:"Steven Marshall, Steven_Marshall_2018–present"


See also

* List of premiers of South Australia by time in office * Deputy Premier of South Australia * Leader of the Opposition (South Australia)


References


Statistical Record of the Legislature 1836 – 2007


External links


Biographies of all premiers at the SA Parliament web site

UWA state and federal election results since 1890
{{DEFAULTSORT:Premier Of South Australia Premiers of South Australia, * Lists of heads of government of Australian states and territories, South Australia South Australia-related lists, Premiers Ministers of the South Australian state government