The Population Estimates Program (PEP) is a program of the
US Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American
American(s) may refer to:
* American, something of, ...
that publishes annual population estimates
and estimates of birth, death, and international migration rates for people in the United States.
In addition to publishing those aggregate estimates for the entire country, the program also publishes those yearly estimates by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin at the national, state, county and city and town level. By doing so, the Population Estimates Program provides up-to-date information on how the size and distribution of the US population has changed each year since the most recent 10-year
US Census#REDIRECT United States census
The United States Census (plural censuses or census) is a census
A census is the procedure of systematically enumerating, and acquiring and recording information about the members of a given Statistical population, ...
The estimates produced by the Population Estimates Program are used in determining how federal funds should be allocated throughout the United States.
The annual population estimates are also used as controls for the
American Community Survey
The American Community Survey (ACS) is a demographics survey program conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It regularly gathers information previously contained only in the long form of the decennial census, such as ancestry, citizenship, educati ...
Current population survey (US)
The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a monthly survey of about 60,000 U.S. households conducted by the United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the Fede ...
, which in turn measure diverse
Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek
Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period ...
data on social, economic and housing characteristics of people in the United States.
The basic procedure the Population Estimates Program uses to measure population is to take the updated population count reported by the last US Census, plus the number of births to US resident women, minus the number of deaths of US residents, plus the net number of international migrants. Estimates for the number of US resident births and deaths are based on data on birth certificates and death certificates provided by the
National Center for Health Statistics
The National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, which provides statistical information to guide actions and policies to improve the public health
Public health has been defined a ...
(NCHS). Estimates for net international migration are based on information from the American Community Survey, NCHS, and the previous census.
External linksOfficial website of the Population Estimates Program
United States Census Bureau