HOME
TheInfoList



A political alliance, also known as a coalition or bloc, is cooperation by members of different political parties, in countries with a parliamentary system, on a common agenda of some kind. This usually involves formal agreements between two or more entire parties. An alliance is usually especially beneficial to the parties concerned during and immediately after elections – due to characteristics of the electoral systems concerned (e.g. allowing each party to clear election thresholds) and/or allowing parties to participate in formation of a government after
election An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold Public administration, public office.Coalition governments are formed when a political alliance comes to power, or when only a plurality (not a
majority A majority, also called a simple majority to distinguish it from similar terms (see the "Related terms" section below), is the greater part, or more than half, of the total.See dictionary definitions of "majority" aMerriam-Webster
) has not been reached and several parties must work together to govern. One of the peculiarities of such a method of governance results in
minister without portfolioA minister without portfolio is either a government minister with no specific responsibilities or a minister who does not head a particular ministry. The sinecure A sinecure ( or ; from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging t ...
. There are several reasons as to why the Alliance government system is getting special significance at present. #Due to increase in the number of political parties. #Due to decrease in the significance of a single political parties. #After spending so many thousands of crores of public money in holding an election if no stable government can be formed due to the complexities that arise for not getting the absolute majority by any of the parties taking a part in the election, in such a circumstances forming of the alliance or coalition government is the only alternative left to avoid spending of public money again by holding another election.


Examples


Active political alliances

*
Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered b ...
: Frente de Todos, , Workers' Left Front – Unity *
Armenia Armenia (; hy, Հայաստան, translit=Hayastan, ), officially the Republic of Armenia,, is a landlocked country located in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.The UN]classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the ...
: My Step Alliance *
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, smal ...

Australia
: Coalition (Australia), Liberal/National Coalition * Bulgaria: Coalition for Bulgaria, United Patriots * Croatia: People's Coalition (Croatia), People's Coalition * Czech Republic: Pirates and Mayors, Together (alliance), Together * Germany: CDU/CSU, Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union * Gibraltar: GSLP–Liberal Alliance * Politics of Greece, Greece: Movement for Change (Greece), Movement for Change * Hong Kong: Pro-democracy camp (Hong Kong), Pan-democracy camp, Pro-Beijing camp (Hong Kong), Pro-Beijing camp, Localist groups (Hong Kong), Localist Groups * India: National Democratic Alliance (India), National Democratic Alliance (NDA), United Progressive Alliance (UPA), Left Front (West Bengal), Left Front * Politics of the Republic of Ireland, Ireland: Solidarity–People Before Profit, Fianna Fáil–Social Democratic and Labour Party, SDLP * Israel: National camp (informal), Yamina (political alliance), Yamina, United Torah Judaism, Joint List * Politics of Italy, Italy: Centre-left coalition, Centre-right coalition * Latvia: Union of Greens and Farmers * Lebanon: March 14 Alliance * Malaysia: Pakatan Harapan, Alliance of Hope * Moldova: NOW Platform DA and PAS, Now Platform * Philippines: Coalition for Change (Philippines), Coalition for Change, Bagong Alyansang Makabayan * Poland: United Right (Poland), United Right, European Coalition (Poland), European Coalition, The Left (Poland), The Left, Polish Coalition * Portugal: Unitary Democratic Coalition * Romania: 2020 USR-PLUS Alliance, National Identity Bloc in Europe * Russia: All-Russia People's Front * Serbia: Aleksandar Vučić — For Our Children * Spain: Unidas Podemos, EH Bildu * Sweden: Red-Greens (Sweden), Red-Greens * Taiwan, Republic of China/Taiwan: Pan-Blue Coalition, Pan-Green Coalition * Tunisia: Popular Front (Tunisia), Popular Front * Turkey: People's Alliance (Turkey), People's Alliance, Nation Alliance (Turkey), Nation Alliance * United Kingdom: Labour and Co-operative * Uruguay: Broad Front (Uruguay), Broad Front * Venezuela: Great Patriotic Pole, Democratic Unity Roundtable


Defunct political alliances

*
Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is also bordered b ...
: Alliance for Work, Justice and Education, Broad Progressive Front (Argentina), Broad Progressive Front *
Armenia Armenia (; hy, Հայաստան, translit=Hayastan, ), officially the Republic of Armenia,, is a landlocked country located in the Armenian Highlands of Western Asia.The UN]classification of world regions places Armenia in Western Asia; the ...
: Way Out Alliance * Brazil: With the strength of the people * Chile: Alliance for Chile, Concertación, Concert of Parties for Democracy, Coalition for Change, Juntos Podemos Más * France: Union for French Democracy, Federation of the Democratic and Socialist Left, Left Front (France), Left Front * Germany: Labour and Social Justice – The Electoral Alternative, WASG–Party of Democratic Socialism (Germany), PDS, Harzburg Front *Greece: Syriza, Coalition of the Radical Left * India: Third Front (India), Third Front * Israel: Alignment (Israel), Alignment, Gahal, One Israel, National Union (Israel), National Union, Likud Yisrael Beiteinu, Zionist Union, Blue and White (political alliance), Blue and White, Yesh Atid-Telem * Italy: Pole for Freedoms, House of Freedoms, The Olive Tree (Italy), The Olive Tree, The Union (Italy), The Union, Italy Common Good * South Korea: :kr:삼민회, Three People, :ko:선진과 창조의 모임, Forward and Creative, Peace and Justice, :kr:민주통합의원모임, Democratic United, * Latvia: Harmony Centre * Lebanon: March 8 Alliance * Mauritius: L'alliance Sociale * Malaysia: Barisan Alternatif, Pakatan Rakyat * Mexico: Broad Progressive Front * Moldova: Alliance for Democracy and Reforms, Alliance for European Integration * Montenegro: Coalition for a European Montenegro, Together for Change, Serb List (2006), Serb List * New Zealand: United-Reform Coalition, Alliance (New Zealand political party), Alliance * Norway: Red-Green Coalition * Poland: Solidarity Electoral Action, Left and Democrats, United Left (Poland), United Left * Portugal: Democratic Alliance (Portugal), Democratic Alliance * Romania: Social Democratic Pole of Romania, Social Democratic Pole, Justice and Truth Alliance, Social Liberal Union * Russia: The Other Russia (coalition), The Other Russia * Serbia: Democratic Opposition of Serbia * Slovenia: Democratic Opposition of Slovenia * Spain: Convergence and Union, Junts pel Sí * Sweden: Alliance (Sweden), Alliance * Ukraine: Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc * United Kingdom: SDP–Liberal Alliance, Conservative–DUP agreement


See also

* Coalition government *Electoral alliance *Kartel (electoral alliance) *Popular front *United front


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Political alliance Political party alliances, Political science terminology