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A podcast is an episodic series of
digital audio Digital audio is a representation of sound recorded in, or converted into, Digital signal (signal processing), digital form. In digital audio, the sound wave of the audio signal is typically encoded as numerical Sampling (signal processing), sa ...
files File or filing may refer to: Mechanical tools and processes * File (tool), used to remove fine amounts of material from a workpiece **Filing (metalworking), a material removal process in manufacturing ** Nail file, a tool used to gently abrade aw ...
that a user can
download In computer network A computer network is a group of computers that use a set of common communication protocols over digital signal, digital interconnections for the purpose of sharing resources located on or provided by the Node (networki ...

download
to a personal device for easy listening. Streaming applications and podcasting services provide a convenient and integrated way to manage a personal consumption queue across many podcast sources and playback devices. A podcast series usually features one or more recurring hosts engaged in a discussion about a particular topic or current event. Discussion and content within a podcast can range from carefully scripted to completely improvised. Podcasts combine elaborate and artistic sound production with thematic concerns ranging from scientific research to
slice-of-life Slice of life describes the depiction of mundane experiences in art and entertainment. In theater, slice-of-life refers to Naturalism (theatre), naturalism, while in literary parlance it is a narrative technique in which a seemingly arbitrary sequ ...
journalism Journalism is the production and distribution of reports on the interaction of events, facts, ideas, and people that are the "news of the day" and that informs society to at least some degree. The word applies to the journalist, occupation (pro ...

journalism
. Many podcast series provide an associated website with links and show notes, guest biographies, transcripts, additional resources, commentary, and even a community forum dedicated to discussing the show's content. The cost to the consumer is low, with many podcasts free to download. Some are underwritten by corporations or sponsored, with the inclusion of commercial advertisements. In other cases, a podcast could be a business venture supported by some combination of a paid subscription model, advertising or product delivered after sale. Because podcast content is often free, podcasting is often classified as a disruptive
medium Medium may refer to: Science and technology Aviation *Medium bomber, a class of war plane *Tecma Medium, a French hang glider design Communication * Media (communication), tools used to store and deliver information or data * Medium of i ...
, adverse to the maintenance of traditional
revenue modelA revenue model is a framework for generating financial income. It identifies which revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the case of a business, usually from the sal ...
s.


Production

A podcast generator maintains a central list of the files on a server as a
web feed On the World Wide Web upright=1.35, A global map of the web index for countries in 2014 The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Reso ...
that one can access through the
Internet The Internet (Capitalization of Internet, or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''network of networks'' t ...

Internet
. The listener or viewer uses special client
application software Application software (app for short) is computing software designed to carry out a specific task other than one relating to the operation of the computer itself, typically to be used by end-users. Examples of an application include a word proce ...
on a computer or media player, known as a podcast client, which accesses this web feed, checks it for updates, and downloads any new files in the series. This process can be automated to download new files automatically, so it may seem to listeners as though podcasters broadcast or "
push Push may refer to: Music * Mike Dierickx (born 1973), a Belgian producer also known as Push Albums * Push (Bros album), ''Push'' (Bros album), 1988 * Push (Gruntruck album), ''Push'' (Gruntruck album), 1992 * Push (Jacky Terrasson album), ''Push ...
" new episodes to them. Podcast files can be stored locally on the user's device, or streamed directly. There are several different mobile applications that allow people to follow and listen to podcasts. Many of these applications allow users to download podcasts or stream them on demand. Most podcast players or applications allow listeners to skip around the podcast and to control the playback speed. Podcasting has been considered a converged medium (a medium that brings together audio, the web and
portable media player A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic ( analog or digital) equipment intended for everyday use, typically in private homes. C ...
s), as well as a
disruptive technology In business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling Product (business), products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit." ...
that has caused some individuals in
radio broadcasting , Sweden , Norway Radio broadcasting is transmission of audio signal, audio (sound), sometimes with related metadata, by radio waves intended to reach a wide audience. In terrestrial radio broadcasting the radio waves are broadcast by a land-ba ...
to reconsider established practices and preconceptions about audiences, consumption, production and distribution. Podcasts can be produced at little to no cost and are usually disseminated free-of-charge, which sets this medium apart from the traditional 20th-century model of
"gate-kept"
media and their production tools. Podcasters can, however, still monetize their podcasts by allowing
companies A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture of both, with a specific objective. Company members share a common ...
to purchase ad time. They can also garner support from listeners through crowdfunding
website A website (also written as web site) is a collection of web pages and related content that is identified by a common domain name and published on at least one web server. Notable examples are wikipedia, wikipedia.org, google, google.com, and Am ...

website
s like
Patreon Patreon (, ) is an American membership platform that provides business tools for content creators to run a subscription service. It helps creators and artists earn a monthly income by providing rewards and perks to their subscribers. Patreon char ...

Patreon
, which provide special extras and content to listeners for a fee.


Etymology

"Podcast" is a
portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "portmanteau (luggage) A portmanteau is a piece of luggage, usually made of leather and opening into two equal parts. Some were large, upright, and hinged at the back and enabled hanging up clothes in ...

portmanteau
, a combination of "
iPod The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that design ...
" and "
broadcast Broadcasting is the distributionDistribution may refer to: Mathematics *Distribution (mathematics) Distributions, also known as Schwartz distributions or generalized functions, are objects that generalize the classical notion of functi ...
". The term "podcasting" was first suggested by ''
The Guardian ''The Guardian'' is a British daily newspaper. It was founded in 1821 as ''The Manchester Guardian'', and changed its name in 1959. Along with its sister papers ''The Observer'' and ''The Guardian Weekly'', ''The Guardian'' is part of the Gua ...

The Guardian
'' columnist and
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of ...

BBC
journalist
Ben Hammersley Ben Hammersley FRSA FRGS (born 3 April 1976) is a British technologist, strategic foresight consultant, futurist, keynote speaker, broadcaster and systems developer, based in New York City. He specializes on Adaptive Futurism and Cognitive Ris ...
, who invented it in early February 2004 while writing an article for ''The Guardian'' newspaper. The term was first used in the audioblogging community in September 2004, when Danny Gregoire introduced it in a message to the iPodder-dev mailing list, from where it was adopted by podcaster
Adam Curry Adam Clark Curry (born September 3, 1964) is a podcaster, announcer, Internet entrepreneur and media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication), tools used to deliver information or data ** Advertising medi ...
. Despite the etymology, the content can be accessed using any computer or similar device that can play media files. Use of the term "podcast" predated Apple's addition of support for podcasting to the iPod, or its
iTunes iTunes () is a media player, media library, Internet radio Internet radio (also web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio, IP radio, online radio) is a digital audio Digital audio is a representation of sound recorded in, or co ...

iTunes
software. Some sources have suggested the
backronym A backronym, or bacronym, is an acronym An acronym is a word or name formed from the initial components of a longer name or phrase, usually using individual initial letters, as in NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) or European Union, EU ...
"portable on demand" for POD to avoid the loose reference to the iPod. The verb "subscribe" has often been used to denote the process of receiving podcasts. By 2021, as the term could be insinuated as to suggest that receiving a podcast required a paid
subscription The subscription business model is a business model in which a customer must pay a recurring price at regular intervals for access to a product. The model was pioneered by publishers of books and periodicals in the 17th century, and is now used ...
, Apple,
Amazon Amazon usually refers to: * Amazons In Greek mythology, the Amazons (Ancient Greek: Ἀμαζόνες ''Amazónes'', singular Ἀμαζών ''Amazōn'') are portrayed in a number of ancient Greek, ancient epic poems and legends, such as the L ...
,
Audible Audible may refer to: * Audible (service), an online audiobook store * Audible (American football), a tactic used by quarterbacks * Hearing, the perception of sound * Audible frequency * Audible range See also * The Audible Doctor (born 1 ...
,
Spotify Spotify (Help:IPA/English, /ˈspɒtɪfaɪ/; Swedish: Help:IPA/Swedish, spɔ̂tːɪfaj, is a Sweden, Swedish Streaming media, audio streaming and media services provider, founded in 2006 by Daniel Ek. Spotify is incorporated in Luxembourg a ...

Spotify
, and
Stitcher Stitcher is a media company that specializes in the creation, distribution, and monetization of Podcast, podcasts. Stitcher creates original shows through networks such as Earwolf and Witness Docs. Stitcher provides ad sales and distribution servi ...
had shifted to using the verb " follow" to align themselves with terminology commonly used on
social networking service A social networking service or SNS (sometimes called a social networking site) is an online platform which people use to build social networks or social relation In social science, a social relation or social interaction is any relationship ...
s.


History

In October 2000, the concept of attaching sound and video files in
RSS RSS ( RDF Site Summary or Really Simple Syndication) is a web feed that allows users and applications to access updates to websites in a standardized, computer-readable format. These feeds can, for example, allow a user to keep track of many d ...

RSS
feeds was proposed in a draft by
Tristan Louis Tristan Louis (born February 28, 1971) is a French-born American author, entrepreneur and internet activism, internet activist. Early work Louis was born in Digne-les-Bains, Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. In 1994 and 1995, as publisher of iWorld, part o ...

Tristan Louis
. The idea was implemented by
Dave Winer Dave Winer (born May 2, 1955 in Queens Queens is a borough of New York City, coextensive with Queens County, in the U.S. state of New York. It is the largest borough of New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, ...
, a software developer and an author of the RSS format. Podcasting, once an obscure method of spreading audio information, has become a recognized medium for distributing audio content, whether for corporate or personal use. Podcasts are similar to
radio programA radio program, radio programme or radio show is a segment of content intended for broadcast on radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequenc ...
s in form, but they exist as audio files that can be played at a listener's convenience, anytime and anywhere. The first application to make this process feasible was iPodderX, developed by August Trometer and Ray Slakinski. By 2007, audio podcasts were doing what was historically accomplished via radio broadcasts, which had been the source of radio
talk shows A talk show (or chat show in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early ...
and
news programs A news program (news programme in British English, British spelling), news show, or newscast is a regularly scheduled radio program, radio or television program that reports current events. News is typically reported in a series of individual stori ...
since the 1930s. This shift occurred as a result of the evolution of internet capabilities along with increased consumer access to cheaper hardware and software for audio recording and editing. In August 2004,
Adam Curry Adam Clark Curry (born September 3, 1964) is a podcaster, announcer, Internet entrepreneur and media Media may refer to: Physical means Communication * Media (communication), tools used to deliver information or data ** Advertising medi ...
launched his show ''
Daily Source Code The ''Daily Source Code'' (DSC) was a podcast by Adam Curry, often considered a pioneer of podcasting. Curry talked about his everyday life and events in the podcasting scene or the news in general, as well as playing music from the Podsafe Music N ...
''. It was a show focused on chronicling his everyday life, delivering news, and discussions about the development of podcasting, as well as promoting new and emerging podcasts. Curry published it in an attempt to gain traction in the development of what would come to be known as podcasting and as a means of testing the software outside of a lab setting. The name ''Daily Source Code'' was chosen in the hope that it would attract an audience with an interest in technology. ''Daily Source Code'' started at a grassroots level of production and was initially directed at podcast developers. As its audience became interested in the format, these developers were inspired to create and produce their own projects and, as a result, they improved the code used to create podcasts. As more people learned how easy it was to produce podcasts, a community of pioneer podcasters quickly appeared. In June 2005,
Apple An apple is an edible fruit produced by an apple tree (''Malus domestica''). Apple fruit tree, trees are agriculture, cultivated worldwide and are the most widely grown species in the genus ''Malus''. The tree originated in Central Asia, wher ...
released
iTunes iTunes () is a media player, media library, Internet radio Internet radio (also web radio, net radio, streaming radio, e-radio, IP radio, online radio) is a digital audio Digital audio is a representation of sound recorded in, or co ...

iTunes
4.9 which added formal support for podcasts, thus negating the need to use a separate program in order to download and transfer them to a mobile device. Although this made access to podcasts more convenient and widespread, it also effectively ended advancement of podcatchers by independent developers. Additionally, Apple issued
cease and desist A cease and desist letter is a document sent to an individual or business to stop allegedly illegal activity. The phrase "cease and desist" is a legal doublet, made up of two near-synonyms. The letter may warn that, if the recipient does not disc ...
orders to many podcast application developers and service providers for using the term "iPod" or "Pod" in their products' names. Within a year, many podcasts from public radio networks like the
BBC The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a public service broadcaster, headquartered at Broadcasting House in Westminster, London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of ...

BBC
,
CBC Radio One CBC Radio One is the English-language news and information radio network of the publicly owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It is Advertising, commercial-free and offers local and national programming. It is available on AM broadcasting, AM ...
,
NPR National Public Radio (NPR, stylized in all lowercase, npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit media organization based in Washington, D.C. NPR is based in two locations: main NPR headquarters in Washington, D.C. (often re ...

NPR
, and
Public Radio International Public Radio International (PRI) was an American public radio organization. Headquartered in Minneapolis, Minnesota, PRI provided programming to over 850 public radio stations in the United States. PRI was one of the main providers of programmi ...
placed many of their radio shows on the iTunes platform. In addition, major local radio stations like
WNYC WNYC is the trademark, and a set of call letters shared by a pair of nonprofit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated ...
in New York City,
WHYY-FM WHYY-FM (90.9 FM, "91 FM") is a public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings. This is a different concept to the ...
radio in Philadelphia, and
KCRW KCRW (89.9 Hertz, MHz FM broadcast band, FM) is a National Public Radio member station broadcasting from the campus of Santa Monica College in Santa Monica, California, Santa Monica, California, where the station is licensed. KCRW airs original ...
in Los Angeles placed their programs on their websites and later on the iTunes platform. Concurrently,
CNET CNET (short for Computer Network) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts, and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally, owned by Red Ventures since 2020. Founded in 1994 by Halsey ...
, ''
This Week in Tech ''This Week in Tech''–casually referred to as ''TWiT'', and briefly known as ''Revenge of the Screen Savers''–is the weekly flagship podcast and namesake of the TWiT.tv (network), TWiT.tv network. It is hosted by Leo Laporte and many other for ...
'', and later
Bloomberg Radio Bloomberg Radio is a radio service of Bloomberg L.P. that provides global business news programming 24 hours a day. The radio format, format is general and financial news, offering local, national and international news reports along with financi ...
, the ''
Financial Times The ''Financial Times'' (''FT'') is a daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. ...
'', and other for-profit companies provided podcast content, some using podcasting as their only distribution system. In February 2019, Spotify acquired Gimlet Media and Anchor. Large streaming services view podcasting as a cheap and popular investment. The humanities can be explored through podcasting. As of early 2019, the podcasting industry still generated little overall revenue, although the number of persons who listen to podcasts continues to grow steadily. Edison Research, which issues the Podcast Consumer quarterly tracking report, estimates that in 2019, 90 million persons in the U.S. have listened to a podcast in the last month. In 2020, 58% of the population of South Korea and 40% of the Spanish population had listened to a podcast in the last month. 12.5% of the UK population had listened to a podcast in the last week. The form is also acclaimed for its low overhead for a creator to start and maintain their show, merely requiring a good-quality microphone, a computer or mobile device and associated software to edit and upload the final product, and some form of
acoustic quieting Acoustic may refer to: Music Albums * ''Acoustic'' (Bayside EP) * ''Acoustic'' (Britt Nicole EP) * ''Acoustic'' (Joey Cape and Tony Sly album), 2004 * ''Acoustic'' (Coldplay EP), 2000 * ''Acoustic'' (Deine Lakaien album), 1995 * ''Acoustic' ...
. Podcast creators tend to have a good listener base because of their relationships with the listeners.


IP issues in trademark and patent law


Trademark applications

Between February 10 and 25 March 2005, Shae Spencer Management, LLC of
Fairport, New York Fairport is a village A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet (place), hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population ...
filed a trademark application to register the term "podcast" for an "online prerecorded radio program over the internet". On September 9, 2005, the
United States Patent and Trademark Office The United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) is an agency in the U.S. Department of Commerce that issues patent NPOV disputes from March 2021 A patent is a Title (property), title that gives its owner the legal right to exclude o ...
(USPTO) rejected the application, citing
Wikipedia Wikipedia ( or ) is a free content, multilingual online encyclopedia An online encyclopedia, also called an Internet encyclopedia, or a digital encyclopedia, is an encyclopedia An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia (British English) ...

Wikipedia
's podcast entry as describing the history of the term. The company amended their application in March 2006, but the USPTO rejected the amended application as not sufficiently differentiated from the original. In November 2006, the application was marked as abandoned.


Apple trademark protections

On September 26, 2004, it was reported that
Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software Software is a collection of Instruction (computer science), ...
had started to crack down on businesses using the string "POD", in product and company names. Apple sent a
cease and desist A cease and desist letter is a document sent to an individual or business to stop allegedly illegal activity. The phrase "cease and desist" is a legal doublet, made up of two near-synonyms. The letter may warn that, if the recipient does not disc ...
letter that week to Podcast Ready, Inc., which markets an application known as "myPodder". Lawyers for Apple contended that the term "pod" has been used by the public to refer to Apple's music player so extensively that it falls under Apple's trademark cover. Such activity was speculated to be part of a bigger campaign for Apple to expand the scope of its existing iPod trademark, which included trademarking "IPOD", "IPODCAST", and "POD". On November 16, 2006, the Apple Trademark Department stated that "Apple does not object to third-party usage of the generic term 'podcast' to accurately refer to podcasting services" and that "Apple does not license the term". However, no statement was made as to whether or not Apple believed they held rights to it.


Personal Audio lawsuits

Personal Audio, a company referred to as a "
patent troll In international law and international business, business, patent trolling or patent hoarding is a categorical or pejorative term applied to a person or company that attempts to enforce patent rights against accused patent infringement, infringe ...
" by the
Electronic Frontier Foundation The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is an international non-profit digital rights group based in San Francisco, California San Francisco (/Help:IPA/English, ˌsæn fɹənˈsɪskoʊ/; Spanish language, Spanish for "Francis of Assisi, ...
, filed a patent on podcasting in 2009 for a claimed invention in 1996. In February 2013, Personal Audio started suing high-profile podcasters for royalties, including '' The Adam Carolla Show'' and the ''
HowStuffWorks HowStuffWorks is an American commercial infotainment Infotainment (a portmanteau A portmanteau (, ) or portmanteau word (from "Portmanteau (luggage), portmanteau") is a Blend word, blend of words
'' podcast. In October 2013, the EFF filed a petition with the US Trademark Office to invalidate the Personal Audio patent. On August 18, 2014, the Electronic Frontier Foundation announced that Adam Carolla had settled with Personal Audio. On April 10, 2015, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office invalidated five provisions of Personal Audio's podcasting patent.


Types of podcasts


Enhanced podcasts

An enhanced podcast, also known as a slidecast, is a type of podcast that combines audio with a
slide show Image:Schulprojekt Hilden-001.jpg, A slide show A slide show is a presentation of a series of still images (Presentation slide, slides) on a projection screen or electronic display device, typically in a prearranged sequence. The changes may be au ...
presentation. It is similar to a
video podcast A podcast is an episodic series of spoken word digital audio Digital audio is a representation of sound recorded in, or converted into, Digital signal (signal processing), digital form. In digital audio, the sound wave of the audio signal i ...
in that it combines dynamically-generated imagery with audio synchronization, but it is different in that it uses
presentation software In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both computer hardware , hardware and softwar ...
to create the imagery and the sequence of display separately from the time of the original audio podcast recording.
The Free Dictionary The Free Dictionary is an American online dictionary A dictionary is a listing of lexemes from the lexicon of one or more specific languages, often arranged Alphabetical order, alphabetically (or by radical-and-stroke sorting, radical an ...
, YourDictionary, and
PC Magazine ''PC Magazine'' (shortened as ''PCMag'') is an American computer magazine publishing, published by Ziff Davis. A print edition was published from 1982 to January 2009. Publication of online and offline, online editions started in late 1994 and c ...
define an enhanced podcast as "an electronic slide show delivered as a podcast". Enhanced podcasts are podcasts that incorporate graphics and chapters. iTunes developed an enhanced podcast feature called "Audio Hyperlinking" that they patented in 2012. Enhanced podcasts can be used by businesses or in education. Enhanced podcasts can be created using QuickTime AAC or Windows Media files. Enhanced podcasts were first used in 2006.


Fiction podcast

A fiction podcast (also referred to as a "scripted podcast" or "narrative podcast") is similar to a
radio drama Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theatre, or audio theatre) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance. With no visual component, radio drama depends on dialogue, music and sound effects to help the listener imagine th ...
, but in podcast form. They deliver a fictional story, usually told over multiple episodes and seasons, using multiple voice actors, dialogue,
sound effects Voice saying "Ja", followed by the same recording with a massive digital reverb A sound effect (or audio effect) is an artificially created or enhanced sound, or sound process used to emphasize artistic or other content of films, television s ...
, and music to enrich the story. Fiction podcasts have attracted a number of well-known actors as voice talents, including
Demi Moore Demi Gene Moore ( ; née Guynes; born November 11, 1962) is an American actress and film producer. After making her film debut in 1981, she appeared on the soap opera ''General Hospital'' and subsequently gained recognition as a member of the Bra ...
&
Matthew McConaughey Matthew David McConaughey (; born November 4, 1969) is an American actor and producer. He first gained notice for his supporting performance in the coming-of-age comedy '' Dazed and Confused'' (1993), which was considered by many to be his bre ...

Matthew McConaughey
as well as from content producers like
Netflix Netflix, Inc. is an American subscription The subscription business model is a business model in which a customer must pay a recurring price at regular intervals for access to a product. The model was pioneered by publishers of books and ...

Netflix
,
Spotify Spotify (Help:IPA/English, /ˈspɒtɪfaɪ/; Swedish: Help:IPA/Swedish, spɔ̂tːɪfaj, is a Sweden, Swedish Streaming media, audio streaming and media services provider, founded in 2006 by Daniel Ek. Spotify is incorporated in Luxembourg a ...

Spotify
,
Marvel Marvel may refer to: Business * Marvel (food), a brand of milk powder produced by British-based Premier Foods * Marvel Entertainment, an American entertainment company ** Marvel Productions, a former television and film studio subsidiary of the ...
, and
DC Comics DC Comics, Inc. is an American comic book publisher and the flagship unit of #DC Entertainment, DC Entertainment, a subsidiary of the Warner Bros. Global Brands and Experiences division of Warner Bros., which itself is a subsidiary of AT&T's Warn ...
. While science-fiction and horror are quite popular, fiction podcasts cover a full range of literary genres from romance, comedy, and drama to fantasy, sci-fi, and detective fiction. Examples of fiction podcasts include ''
The Bright Sessions ''The Bright Sessions'' is a science fiction podcast Radio drama, audio drama created by Lauren Shippen and starring Julia Morizawa as the titular Dr. Bright. The podcast takes place in a fictional universe where super-powered individuals, called " ...
'', ''
Homecoming Homecoming is the tradition of welcoming back former students and members and celebrating an organization's existence. It is a tradition in many high schools, colleges, and churches in the United States The United States of America (USA ...
'', '' Wooden Overcoats'' and '' Wolverine: The Long Night''.


Podcast novels

A podcast novel (also known as a "serialized audiobook" or "podcast audiobook") is a literary form that combines the concepts of a podcast and an
audiobook An audiobook (or a talking book) is a recording of a book or other work being read out loud. A reading of the complete text is described as "unabridged", while readings of a shorter version are an abridgement. Spoken audio has been available in s ...
. Like a traditional
novel A novel is a relatively long work of narrative fiction, typically written in prose and published as a book. The present English word for a long work of prose fiction derives from the for "new", "news", or "short story of something new", itself ...

novel
, a podcast novel is a work of literary fiction; however, it is recorded into episodes that are delivered online over a period of time. The episodes may be delivered automatically via
RSS RSS ( RDF Site Summary or Really Simple Syndication) is a web feed that allows users and applications to access updates to websites in a standardized, computer-readable format. These feeds can, for example, allow a user to keep track of many d ...

RSS
or through a website, blog, or other syndication method. Episodes can be released on a regular schedule, e.g., once a week, or irregularly as each episode is completed. In the same manner as audiobooks, some podcast novels are elaborately narrated with sound effects and separate voice actors for each character, similar to a
radio play Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theatre, or audio theatre) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance. With no visual component, radio drama Drama is the specific Mode (literature), mode of fiction Mimesis, rep ...
or scripted podcast, but many have a single narrator and few or no sound effects. Some podcast novelists give away a free podcast version of their book as a form of promotion. On occasion such novelists have secured publishing contracts to have their novels printed. Podcast novelists have commented that podcasting their novels lets them build audiences even if they cannot get a publisher to buy their books. These audiences then make it easier to secure a printing deal with a publisher at a later date. These podcast novelists also claim the exposure that releasing a free podcast gains them makes up for the fact that they are giving away their work for free.


Video podcasts

A video podcast or vodcast is a podcast that contains video content.
Web television Web most often refers to: * Spider web, a silken structure created by the animal * World Wide Web upright=1.35, A global map of the web index for countries in 2014 The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information s ...
series are often distributed as video podcasts. ''Dead End Days, a'' serialized
dark comedy Darkness, the polar opposite of brightness Brightness is an attribute of visual perception Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the envi ...
about zombies released from 31 October 2003 through 2004, is commonly believed to be the first video podcast.


Live podcasts

A number of podcasts are recorded either in total or for specific episodes in front of a live audience. Ticket sales allow the podcasters an additional way of monetising. Some podcasts create specific live shows to tour which are not necessarily included on the podcast feed. Events including the London Podcast Festival, SF Sketchfest and others regularly give a platform for podcasters to perform live to audiences.


Uses of podcasting


Equipment

The most basic equipment for a podcast is a
computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically. Modern computers can perform generic sets of operations known as Computer program, programs. These programs enable compu ...

computer
and a
microphone A microphone, colloquially called a mic or mike (), is a device – a transducer – that converts sound In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of nature, from ''ph ...

microphone
. It is helpful to have a sound-proof room and headphones. The computer should have a recording or streaming application installed. Typical microphones for podcasting are connected using
USB Universal Serial Bus (USB) is an industry standard that establishes specifications for cables and connectors and protocols for connection, communication and power supply (Interface (computing), interfacing) between computers, peripherals and ...

USB
. If the podcast involves two or more people, each person requires a microphone, and a USB audio interface is needed to mix them together. If the podcast includes video (livestreaming), then a separate webcam might be needed, and additional lighting.


See also

* List of podcasting companies * List of podcast clients *
MP3 blogAn MP3 blog is a type of blog A blog (a truncation In mathematics and computer science, truncation is limiting the number of numerical digit, digits right of the decimal point. Truncation and floor function Truncation of positive real numbe ...
*
Screencast A screencast is a digital recording of computer screen output, also known as a video screen capture or a screen recording, often containing audio narration. The term ''screencast'' compares with the related term ''screenshot''; whereas screenshot ...
*
User-generated content User-generated content (UGC), alternatively known as user-created content (UCC), is any form of content, such as images, videos, text, and audio, that has been posted by User (computing), users on online platforms such as social media and wikis. I ...
*
Webcast A webcast is a media presentation distributed over the Internet using streaming media Streaming media is multimedia Multimedia is a form of communication that combines different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, or ...


References


Further reading

* Geoghegan, Michael W.; Klass, Dan (August 16, 2005).
Podcast Solutions: The Complete Guide to Podcasting
'.
Apress Apress Media LLC is a publisher of information technology books, based in New York City. It is a division of Springer Nature. History Apress, Inc. , based in New York and founded in 1999. Apress was founded by authors Gary Cornell and Dan Apple ...
. . * Meinzer, Kristen (August 6, 2019).
So You Want to Start a Podcast: Finding Your Voice, Telling Your Story, and Building a Community That Will Listen
'. William Morrow. . * Morris, Tee; Tomasi, Chuck (September 15, 2017).
Podcasting For Dummies
'. Wiley. .


External links

* *
Podcasting Legal Guide: Rules for the Revolution
information by
Creative Commons Creative Commons (CC) is an American non-profit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collect ...
{{Authority control Articles containing video clips Digital audio Media formats Technology in society Web syndication British inventions 21st-century inventions