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Pirkanmaa (; sv, Birkaland; la, Birkaria, link=no), also known as ''Tampere Region'' in government documents, is a Regions of Finland, region of Finland. It borders the regions of Satakunta, South Ostrobothnia, Central Finland, Päijät-Häme, Kanta-Häme and Southwest Finland. Most of the water area in the Kokemäki River watershed is located in the Pirkanmaa region, although Lake Vanajavesi is partly in the Kanta-Häme region. The region got its name from Pirkkala, which in the Middle Ages comprised most of present-day Pirkanmaa. Tampere is the regional center and capital of Pirkanmaa, and at the same time the largest city in the region. The total population of Pirkanmaa was 520,532 on 30 September 2020, which makes it the second largest among Finland's regions after Uusimaa. The population density is well over twice the Finnish average, and most of its population is largely concentrated in the Tampere sub-region.


Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 18.3 billion € in 2016, accounting for 8.5% of Finnish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 36,040 € or 92% of the EU27 average in the same year. Pirkanmaa's GDP was the second highest among the regions and the seventh highest among the nineteen regions per capita. The economic structure of Pirkanmaa typically focuses on services for post-industrial society. A nationally significant Information technology, ICT concentration has grown in Tampere. Thanks to its population base, the city is also a major trading center. Manufacturing, Industry's share of value added and jobs in Pirkanmaa is higher than the Finnish average. The region is one of Finland's main centers of manufacturing, has a long tradition of industrial activity and a good education network. The industry is largely concentrated in Tampere and its surroundings, such as towns of Nokia, Finland, Nokia and Valkeakoski. Mänttä-Vilppula is also a major industrial center. Agriculture accounts for a small share of economic activity. In the western part of the region, agricultural production is dominated by dairy cattle, in the south by cereals, and in the north by forestry.


Language

Pirkanmaa is a rather linguistically homogeneous region: in 2018, almost 490,000 people, or about 95 per cent of the county's population, spoke Finnish as their mother tongue. For Finno-speakers, the national population share of Pirkanmaa was 10,1 per cent. In the 2010s, the number of Finnish-speakers has increased only in Uusimaa, Pirkanmaa and Northern Ostrobothnia, and slightly in Southwest Finland and Åland. The Swedish language, Swedish-speaking settlement settled in Finland in the Middle Ages did not extend to the area of present-day Pirkanmaa, so the number and share of Swedo-Finnish, Finno-Swedes in the province is small. In 2018, about two thousand people spoke Swedish as their mother tongue in Pirkanmaa. In 2017, 27 people spoke Sámi language, Sámi as their mother tongue in Pirkanmaa. The second most spoken language in Pirkanmaa is Russian language, Russian, in 2018 it was used by four thousand people as their mother tongue.


Regional council

The regional council is the main governing body for region and focuses primarily on urban planning. Like all regional councils, it is mandated by law.


Regional division


Historical provinces


Municipalities

The region of Pirkanmaa is made up of 22 municipalities of Finland, municipalities, of which 12 have city or town status (marked in bold). Tampere sub-region: * Hämeenkyrö (Tavastkyro) **Population: * Kangasala **Population: * Kuhmoinen (Kuhmois) **Population: * Lempäälä (Lembois) **Population: * Nokia, Finland, Nokia **Population: * Orivesi **Population: * Pirkkala (Birkala) **Population: * Pälkäne **Population: * Tampere (Tammerfors) **Population: * Vesilahti (Vesilax) **Population: * Ylöjärvi **Population: North Western Pirkanmaa, North Western Pirkanmaa sub-region: * Ikaalinen (Ikalis) **Population: * Kihniö **Population: * Parkano **Population: Upper Pirkanmaa, Upper Pirkanmaa sub-region: * Juupajoki **Population: * Mänttä-Vilppula (Mänttä-Filpula) **Population: * Ruovesi **Population: * Virrat (Virdois) **Population: Southern Pirkanmaa, Southern Pirkanmaa sub-region: * Akaa (Ackas) **Population: * Urjala (Urdiala) **Population: * Valkeakoski **Population: South Western Pirkanmaa, South Western Pirkanmaa sub-region: * Punkalaidun (Pungalaitio) **Population: * Sastamala **Population:


Gallery

File:Tampereen tuomiokirkko kesä 2004 IMG 2328.jpg, Tampere Cathedral in the Jussinkylä district of Tampere File:Näsinneula from Lentävänniemi.jpg, Näsinneula, the famous observation tower, on the shores of Lake Näsijärvi in Tampere File:Tampere Pirkkala Airport Finland Terminal 1.jpg, Tampere–Pirkkala Airport in Pirkkala File:Kylpylähotelli Rantasipi Eden Nokia.jpg, Spa hotel in the town of Nokia, Finland, Nokia File:Ideapark mall lempaala finland.jpg, Interior of the Ideapark shopping mall in Lempäälä File:Ylöjärven kirkko.jpg, Ylöjärvi Church in the town of Ylöjärvi File:Kangasalan pääkirjasto.jpg, Kangasala Main Library in the town of Kangasala File:Marskin salonkivaunu.JPG, Marshal Mannerheim's saloon coach in Sastamala File:Luhalahti village 3.jpg, Houses of the Luhalahti village in Ikaalinen File:Virrat - beach 2.jpg, A beach at the Kalettomanlahti Bay in Virrat File:Helvetinkolu.JPG, The "Helvetinkolu" ravine of the Helvetinjärvi National Park in Ruovesi File:2016 07 Kyröskosken voimalaitos.jpg, The Kyröskoski hydroelectric power station in Hämeenkyrö File:Oriveden rautatieasema.JPG, The Orivesi railway station, railway station of Orivesi File:Pälkäneen tuulimyllymuseo.jpg, The windmill museum in Pälkäne File:Juupajoen kunnanvirasto.jpg, The municipality hall of Juupajoki


Politics

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Pirkanmaa: * Social Democratic Party of Finland, Social Democratic Party 22.10% * National Coalition Party 18.47% * Finns Party 17.32% * Green League 12.42% * Centre Party (Finland), Centre Party 8.87% * Left Alliance (Finland), Left Alliance 8.14% * Christian Democrats (Finland), Christian Democrats 5.74% * Movement Now 2.40% * Blue Reform 1.12% * Seven Star Movement 0.46% * Swedish People's Party of Finland, Swedish People's Party 0.11% * Other parties 2.85%


See also

* Birkarls * Finnish national road 12 * Kokemäki River * Lake Längelmävesi * Lake Näsijärvi * Pirkanmaa Constituency * Tampere sub-region


References


External links


Council of Tampere Region (''Pirkanmaan liitto'')
{{Authority control Pirkanmaa, Western Finland Province Regions of Finland