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Philip Kaufman (born October 23, 1936) is an American
film director A film director controls a film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint i ...
and
screenwriter A screenplay writer (also called screenwriter for short), scriptwriter or scenarist, is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs and video games, are based. ...
who has directed fifteen films over a career spanning more than six decades. He has been described as a "maverick" and an "iconoclast," notable for his versatility and independence. He is considered an , whose films have always expressed his personal vision. Kaufman's works have included genres such as realism, horror, fantasy, erotica, Westerns, underworld crime, and inner city gangs. His choice of topics has been eclectic and sometimes controversial, having adapted novels with diverse themes and stories. Examples are
Milan Kundera Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most populous city in Italy after Rome. Milan served as the capital of the Western Roman Empire, the Duchy of Milan an ...

Milan Kundera
's ''
The Unbearable Lightness of Being ''The Unbearable Lightness of Being'' ( cs, Nesnesitelná lehkost bytí) is a 1984 novel by Milan Kundera Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most popu ...
'' (1988),
Michael Crichton John Michael Crichton (; October 23, 1942 – November 4, 2008) was an American author and filmmaker. His books have sold over 200 million copies worldwide, and over a dozen have been adapted into films. His literary works are usually within t ...
's '' Rising Sun'' (1993), a remake of ''Invasion of the Body Snatchers'' (1978), and the erotic writings of
Anaïs Nin Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977), known professionally as Anaïs Nin (; ), was a French- Cuban-American diarist, essayist, novelist and writer of short stories and erotica. Born to ...

Anaïs Nin
's ''
Henry & June ''Henry & June'' is a 1990 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's exp ...
'' (1990). His film '' The Wanderers'' (1979) has achieved cult status. But his greatest success was
Tom Wolfe Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930 – May 14, 2018)Some sources say 1931; ''The New York Times'' and Reuters both initially reported 1931 in their obituaries before changing to 1930. See and was an American author and journalist widely ...
's true-life '' The Right Stuff'' (1983), which received eight
Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking F ...

Academy Award
nominations, including Best Picture. According to film historian
Annette Insdorf Annette Insdorf (born c. 1950) is an American film historian, author and interviewer, who currently serves as host of ''Reel Pieces''. Career Born in Paris to Polish Holocaust survivors, the family moved to New York City, New York when she was ...
, "no other living American director has so consistently and successfully made movies for adults, tackling sensuality, artistic creation, and manipulation by authorities." Other critics note that Kaufman's films are "strong on mood and atmosphere," with powerful cinematography and a "lyrical, poetic style" to portray different historic periods. His later films have a somewhat European style, but the stories always "stress individualism and integrity, and are clearly American."


Early life

Kaufman was born in
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
in 1936, the only son of Elizabeth (Brandau), a housewife, and Nathan Kaufman, a produce businessman. He was the grandson of
German Jewish The history of the Jews in Germany goes back at least to the year 321, and continued through the Early Middle Ages (5th to 10th centuries CE) and High Middle Ages (''circa'' 1000–1299 CE) when Jews, Jewish settlers founded the Ashkenazi Jews, ...
immigrants.Simon, Alex
"Kaufman/Sade"
''Venice Magazine'', December 2000/January 2001
One of his grammar and high school friends was
William Friedkin William Friedkin (; born August 29, 1935)Biskind, p. 200. is an American film and television director Director may refer to: Literature * Director (magazine), ''Director'' (magazine), a British magazine * The Director (novel), ''The Director'' ...

William Friedkin
, who also became a director. He developed an early love of movies and during his youth he would often go to double features.Insdorf, Annette. ''Philip Kaufman'', Univ. of Illinois Press (2012) He attended the
University of Chicago The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an abse ...
where he received a degree in history, and then enrolled at
Harvard Law School Harvard Law School (HLS) is the law school A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education Legal education is the education of individuals in the principles, practices, and ...
where he spent a year. He returned to Chicago for a postgraduate degree, hoping to become a professor of history.Allon, Yoram; Cullen, Del; and Patterson, Hannah, editors. ''Contemporary North American Film Directors'', Wallflower Press (2000) p. 292 Before graduating Kaufman became involved in the counterculture movement and in 1960 moved to San Francisco. He took various jobs there, including postal worker, and befriended a number of influential people, such as writer
Henry Miller Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer and artist. He was known for breaking with existing literary forms and developing a new type of semi-autobiographical novel that blended character study, social c ...

Henry Miller
. He and his wife then decided to travel and live in Europe for a while where he would teach.Hillstrom, Laurie, and Welsh, James M., editors. ''International Dictionary of Films and Filmmakers-2: Directors'', 3rd edition, St. James Press (1997) pp. 512-13 After spending time working on a
kibbutz A kibbutz ( he, קִבּוּץ / , lit. "gathering, clustering"; plural: kibbutzim / ) is a Intentional community, collective community in Israel that was traditionally based on agriculture. The first kibbutz, established in 1909, was Degani ...

kibbutz
in Israel, he taught English and math for two years in Greece and Italy. During his travels he also met author
Anaïs Nin Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977), known professionally as Anaïs Nin (; ), was a French- Cuban-American diarist, essayist, novelist and writer of short stories and erotica. Born to ...

Anaïs Nin
, whose relationship with her lover,
Henry Miller Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer and artist. He was known for breaking with existing literary forms and developing a new type of semi-autobiographical novel that blended character study, social c ...

Henry Miller
, later became the inspiration and subject for Kaufman's film ''
Henry and June ''Henry and June: From the Unexpurgated Diary of Anaïs Nin'' (full title ''Henry and June: From a Journal of Love: The Unexpurgated Diary of Anaïs Nin 1931–1932'') is a 1986 book that is based upon material excerpted from the unpublished d ...
'' (1990). He met
Saugus, Massachusetts Saugus is a town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an origin with the ...
-born Rose Fisher in 1957, when he was 21 and she was 18, and both were undergraduates at the
University of Chicago The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an abse ...
. A year later, in 1958, they married. They had one son, Peter. Rose Kaufman was also a screenwriter and had bit roles in two of her husband's films. After backpacking in Europe with his wife and their young son, they returned to the United States. His time in Europe heavily influenced Kaufman's decision to become a filmmaker, when he and his wife would wander into small movie theaters showcasing the works of experimental new filmmakers such as
John Cassavetes John Nicholas Cassavetes ( ; el, Ιωάννης Νικόλαος Κασσαβέτης, Ioánnis Nikólaos Kassavétis; December 9, 1929 – February 3, 1989) was an American actor, film director, and screenwriter. First known as an actor on tel ...
and
Shirley Clarke Shirley Clarke (née Brimberg; October 2, 1919 – September 23, 1997) was an American experimental and independent filmmaker, director and editor. Life Born Shirley Brimberg in New York City, she was the daughter of a Polish-immigrant father who ...
, among others. He recalls the effect of being exposed to those filmmakers as the "start of something new" which would later inspire the European flavor of many of his films: "I could feel the cry of America, the sense of jazz ... So I came back to Chicago in 1962 and set about trying to learn as much as I could, seeing every foreign movie I could."


Career

;''Goldstein'' (1964) Kaufman returned to Chicago, ready to make his first feature film. He went around town looking for funding for his directorial debut, '' Goldstein'' (1964), co-written and co-directed with Benjamin Manaster. Kaufman initially conceived of the story in an unfinished novel, but at the urging of
Anaïs Nin Angela Anaïs Juana Antolina Rosa Edelmira Nin y Culmell (February 21, 1903 – January 14, 1977), known professionally as Anaïs Nin (; ), was a French- Cuban-American diarist, essayist, novelist and writer of short stories and erotica. Born to ...

Anaïs Nin
he then made it into a "mystical comedy" film. It was inspired by a story from
Martin Buber Martin Buber ( he, מרטין בובר; german: Martin Buber; yi, מארטין בובער; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian Jewish and Israeli philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy Philosophy ...

Martin Buber
's ''
Tales of the Hasidim ''Tales of the Hasidim'' is a book of collected tales by Martin Buber. It is based on stories—both written and spoken—based in the Hasidim. Buber wrote these tales based on the lore of the Baal Shem Tov. Many of the stories are parables passed d ...
'', and was filmed on location in Chicago with a cast composed of local actors from
The Second City The Second City is an improvisational theatre, improvisational comedy enterprise and is the first ongoing improvisational theater troupe to be continually based in Chicago, with training programs and live theatres in Toronto and Los Angeles. The ...
comedy troupe. The film won the Prix de la Nouvelle Critique (New Critics Prize) at the 1964
Cannes Film Festival The Cannes Festival (; french: link=no, Festival de Cannes), until 2003 called the International Film Festival (') and known in English as the Cannes Film Festival, is an annual film festival A film festival is an organized, extended presen ...

Cannes Film Festival
, with French director
Jean Renoir Jean Renoir (; 15 September 1894 – 12 February 1979) was a French film director, screenwriter, actor, producer and author. As a film director and actor, he made more than forty films from the silent film, silent era to the end of the 1960s. ...
calling it the best American film he had seen in 20 years.
François Truffaut François Roland Truffaut ( , ; ; 6 February 1932 – 21 October 1984) was a French film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and Film criticism, film critic. He is widely regarded as one of the founders of the French New Wave. In a career ...
, another leading French director, was visiting Chicago when the film premiered and he came to the opening. Kaufman recalled that Truffaut "leaped to his feet" in the middle of the screening and began applauding. ;''Fearless Frank'' (1967) Two years later, Kaufman went on to direct ''
Fearless Frank ''Fearless Frank'' is a 1967 American fantasy film, fantasy comedy film written and directed by Philip Kaufman. It is notable as the film debut of Jon Voight. Voight plays a murdered drifter who gets reanimated and turned into a superhero by a scie ...
'' (1967), a comic book/counterculture fable, which he wrote, produced, and directed. It costarred
Jon Voight Jonathan Vincent Voight (; born December 29, 1938) is an American actor. He came to prominence in the late 1960s with his -nominated performance as , a would-be in ' (1969). During the 1970s, he became a Hollywood star with his portrayals of ...
in his film debut. Kaufman spent four years trying to find a distributor, but the film was a box-office failure when it finally played. While the movie didn't gain as much attention as ''Goldstein'', it did help Kaufman land a contract in
Universal Studios Universal Pictures (legally Universal City Studios LLC, also known as Universal Studios, or simply Universal; common metonym Metonymy () is a figure of speech A figure of speech or rhetorical figure is a word or phrase that entails an int ...

Universal Studios
' Young Directors Program in 1969.Philip Kaufman
''Film Reference''; accessed January 20, 2019.
;''The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid'' (1972) In 1972, Kaufman wrote and directed '' The Great Northfield Minnesota Raid'' starring Robert Duvall as
Jesse James Jesse Woodson James (September 5, 1847April 3, 1882) was an American outlaw, Bank robbery, bank and Train robbery, train robber, guerrilla, and leader of the James–Younger Gang. Raised in the "Little Dixie (Missouri), Little Dixie" area of w ...

Jesse James
, in what was his first commercial film after the previous two independent ones. He spent a lot of time researching the real life characters when writing the screenplay, although the film took some liberties portraying some of the factual details. The ''Los Angeles Times'' wrote that "Kaufman is not an angry revisionist, but seems to be trying to tell it like it must have been, with an amused detachment, which sees the events as something close to an absurd spectacle."Boggs, Johnny D. ''Jesse James and the Movies'', McFarland (2011) p. 200 ;''The White Dawn'' (1974) Kaufman directed ''
The White Dawn ''The White Dawn'' is a 1974 Canadian-American film directed by Philip Kaufman and starring Warren Oates, Timothy Bottoms, and Louis Gossett, Jr. It portrays the conflict between aboriginal peoples' traditional way of life and Europeans' eagerness ...
'' in 1974, a drama based on the novel of the same name by James Houston. Shot in documentary style, a story about whalers, played by
Warren Oates Warren Mercer Oates (July 5, 1928 – April 3, 1982) was an American actor best known for his performances in several films directed by Sam Peckinpah David Samuel Peckinpah (; February 21, 1925 – December 28, 1984) was an American fil ...
, Louis Gossett, Jr., and
Timothy Bottoms Timothy James Bottoms (born August 30, 1951) is an American actor and film producer A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working Independent film, independently, producers plan and ...
, stranded in the Arctic at the turn of the century. To survive they battle polar bears and take advantage of the Eskimos who had originally saved them. ;''The Outlaw Josey Wales'' (1976) Kaufman wrote and began directing ''
The Outlaw Josey Wales ''The Outlaw Josey Wales'' is a 1976 American revisionist Western DeLuxe Color DeLuxe Color or Deluxe color is a brand of color process for motion pictures. DeLuxe Color is Eastmancolor-based, with certain adaptations for improved compositing ...
'' (1976) but was fired as director after disagreements with its star
Clint Eastwood Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, film director, producer, and composer. After achieving success in the Western (genre), Western TV series ''Rawhide (TV series), Rawhide'', he rose to international fame with his ...

Clint Eastwood
who then directed the film himself. Before filming began, Eastwood felt the screenplay needed more suspense and hired Kaufman to polish the story. He also thought Kaufman would be a good choice to direct, after being impressed by the realism he created in ''White Dawn''.Schickel, Richard. ''Clint Eastwood: A Biography'', Knopf Doubleday (1996) pp. 325-26 Critic David Thomson explains that Eastwood was later bothered by the number of takes Kaufman wanted, which Eastwood considered a waste of time and expense. ;''Invasion of the Body Snatchers'' (1978) Kaufman directed the science fiction thriller, '' Invasion of the Body Snatchers'' in 1978, which became his first box office hit. It was a remake of the 1956 version. In this version, Kaufman moved the setting to San Francisco and recreated the alien threat as more a horror film than science fiction, and in a way that was disturbing, humorous, and believable. Critic
Pauline Kael Pauline Kael (; June 19, 1919 – September 3, 2001) was an American film critic Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art Th ...
said "It may be the best movie of its kind ever made." ;''The Wanderers'' (1979) In 1979, he directed '' The Wanderers'', based on comic novel by
Richard Price Richard Price (23 February 1723 – 19 April 1791) was a Welsh moral philosopher Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that "involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong action (philosophy), ...
. The direction of the film illustrated Kaufman's mastery of genre quite different from his previous films. It's the story of a benign Italian gang of teenagers in the Bronx of 1963, with
Ken Wahl Ken Wahl (born February 14, 1957) is a retired American film and television actor, popular in the 1980s and 1990s, best known for the CBS television crime drama '' Wiseguy''. A severe injury in 1992 effectively ended his acting career. He is div ...
and
Karen Allen Karen Jane Allen (born October 5, 1951) is an American film and stage actress. After making her film debut in ''Animal House ''National Lampoon's Animal House'' is a 1978 American comedy film A comedy film is a category of film ...
. It was Wahl's debut film, and Allen's second role, and the film has become a cult favorite. ;''Raiders of the Lost Ark'' (1981) co-writer In 1981, Kaufman became involved with the first
Indiana Jones ''Indiana Jones'' is an American media franchise based on the adventures of Indiana Jones (character), Dr. Henry Walton "Indiana" Jones Jr., a fictional professor of archaeology, that began in 1981 with the film ''Raiders of the Lost Ark''. In ...
film, ''
Raiders of the Lost Ark ''Raiders of the Lost Ark'' is a 1981 American Action film#Action-adventure, action-adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg and written by Lawrence Kasdan, based on a story by George Lucas and Philip Kaufman. It stars Harrison Ford, Karen ...
'', for which he received story credit. The character of Indiana Jones was created by
George Lucas George Walton Lucas Jr. (born May 14, 1944) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, and entrepreneur. Lucas is best known for creating the ''Star Wars ''Star Wars'' is an American epic film, epic space opera multimedia fr ...

George Lucas
and Kaufman came up with the story about the pursuit of the
Ark of the Covenant The Ark of the Covenant (Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites, Judea ...

Ark of the Covenant
. ;''The Right Stuff'' (1983) In 1983, Kaufman directed and wrote the screenplay for the critically acclaimed film, '' The Right Stuff'', an adaptation of the best-selling book of the same name by
Tom Wolfe Thomas Kennerly Wolfe Jr. (March 2, 1930 – May 14, 2018)Some sources say 1931; ''The New York Times'' and Reuters both initially reported 1931 in their obituaries before changing to 1930. See and was an American author and journalist widely ...
. The story is based on the events and lives of the original test pilots who were selected to become the first U.S. astronauts. The film helped launch or boost the careers of numerous little-known actors, including
Ed Harris Edward Allen Harris (born November 28, 1950) is an American actor, director, producer, and screenwriter. His performances in ''Apollo 13 Apollo 13 was the seventh crewed mission in the Apollo program, Apollo space program and the third me ...

Ed Harris
,
Scott Glenn Theodore Scott Glenn (born January 26) is an American actor. His roles have included Wes Hightower in '' Urban Cowboy'' (1980), astronaut Alan Shepard in '' The Right Stuff'' (1983), Emmett in '' Silverado'' (1985), Commander Bart Mancuso in '' Th ...
,
Fred Ward Frederick Joseph Ward (born December 30, 1942) is an American actor and producer. Starting with a role in an Italian television film in 1973, Ward has had a long and diverse career, including such films as '' Escape from Alcatraz'', '' Southern ...
and
Dennis Quaid Dennis William Quaid (born April 9, 1954) is an American actor and musician known for a wide variety of dramatic and comedic roles. First gaining widespread attention in the 1980s, some of his notable credits include ''Breaking Away ''Break ...
. Kaufman hired
William Goldman William Goldman (August 12, 1931 – November 16, 2018) was an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. He first came to prominence in the 1950s as a novelist before turning to screenwriting. He won Academy Awards for his screenplays '' ...

William Goldman
to write the screenplay, but after a number of disputes about the focus of the story, Goldman quit and Kaufman wrote the screenplay himself. Goldman wanted the story to portray patriotism and center mostly on the astronauts, whereas Kaufman wanted much of the story to focus on
Chuck Yeager Brigadier General Charles Elwood Yeager ( , February 13, 1923December 7, 2020) was a United States Air Force officer, flying ace, and record-setting test pilot who in 1947 became the first pilot in history confirmed to have exceeded the speed o ...

Chuck Yeager
(played by
Sam Shepard Samuel Shepard Rogers III (November 5, 1943 – July 27, 2017) was an American actor, playwright, author, screenwriter, and director whose career spanned half a century. He won ten Obie Award The Obie Awards or Off-Broadway Theater Award ...

Sam Shepard
), whom Goldman's script left out completely. Goldman writes in his memoirs, "Phil's heart was with Yeager." And Shepard's biographer, Don Shewey, explains that "though its chief subject is the astronauts, Yeager is the apple of Kaufman's heroic eye."Shewey, Don. ''Sam Shepard'', Da Capo Press (1997) pp. 165-166 Critic David Thomson agrees: Historian Michael Barson considers it one of the more ambitious pictures of the 1980s.Barson, Michael. ''Hollywood Directors'', Noonday Press (1995) pp. 222-23 Roger Ebert said the film was "impressive," noting that the way Kaufman had organized the material into one of the "best recent American movies, is astonishing."Ebert, Roger. ''Awake in the Dark: The Best of Roger Ebert'', Univ. of Chicago Press (2006) p. 160 The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards (including Best Picture) and won four, yet failed at the box office. Kaufman earned the Writers Guild and Directors Guild nomination for his satiric adaptation of the astronaut program. "It may be the last movie of the heroic 1970s," writes Thomson.Thomson, David. ''The New Biographical Dictionary of Film'', Knopf (2002) pp. 454-56. ;''The Unbearable Lightness of Being'' (1988) ''
The Unbearable Lightness of Being ''The Unbearable Lightness of Being'' ( cs, Nesnesitelná lehkost bytí) is a 1984 novel by Milan Kundera Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most popu ...
'' was directed and co-written by Kaufman in 1988. The film is based on the novel by
Milan Kundera Milan (, , Milanese: ; it, Milano ) is a city in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the List of cities in Italy, second-most populous city in Italy after Rome. Milan served as the capital of the Western Roman Empire, the Duchy of Milan an ...

Milan Kundera
which takes place during the
Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia The Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, officially known as Operation Danube, was a joint invasion of Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, Czechoslovakia by four Warsaw Pact countries (the Soviet Union, Polish People's Republic, Poland, People' ...
in 1968. Kaufman was nominated for an
Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay The Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay is the Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry compris ...
.video
Scene compilation from ''The Unbearable Lightness of Being''
/ref> ;''Henry & June'' (1990) In 1990, he wrote and directed ''
Henry & June ''Henry & June'' is a 1990 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's exp ...
'', a re-creation of the affairs among and between Henry Miller, June Miller, and Anais Nin in 1931 Paris. The film created some controversy when it was released. It was the first film to be given an
NC-17 The Motion Picture Association (MPA) film rating system is used in the United States and its territories to rate a film's suitability for certain audiences based on its content. The MPA rating system is a voluntary scheme that is not enforced by la ...

NC-17
rating by the MPAA. ;''Rising Sun'' (1993) Kaufman directed '' Rising Sun'' in 1993, an adaptation of
Michael Crichton John Michael Crichton (; October 23, 1942 – November 4, 2008) was an American author and filmmaker. His books have sold over 200 million copies worldwide, and over a dozen have been adapted into films. His literary works are usually within t ...
's thriller which takes place in Los Angeles. The film starred
Sean Connery Sir Sean Connery (born Thomas Connery; 25 August 1930 – 31 October 2020) was a Scottish actor. He was the first actor to Portrayal of James Bond in film, portray fictional British secret agent James Bond (literary character), James Bond on f ...

Sean Connery
and
Wesley Snipes Wesley Trent Snipes (born July 31, 1962) is an American actor, film producer, and martial artist Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practiced for a number of reasons such as self-defense; military and law enforcement appli ...
. Crichton angrily withdrew early on as a result of Kaufman softening the book's more anti-Japan posturing. In 1995, Kaufman narrated ''China: The Wild East'' a documentary directed by his son, Peter Kaufman. ;''Quills'' (2000) In 2000, Kaufman directed ''
Quills ''Quills'' is a 2000 period film A historical drama (also period drama, costume drama, and period piece) is a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television. Historical drama includes historical fiction and ...
'', a satirical thriller film about the increasingly desperate efforts of the Marquis de Sade's jailers to censor his licentious works, starring
Geoffrey Rush Geoffrey Roy Rush (born 6 July 1951) is an Australian actor and narrator. He is among 24 people who have won the Triple Crown of Acting The Triple Crown of Acting is a term used in the American entertainment industry to describe actors who hav ...

Geoffrey Rush
,
Joaquin Phoenix Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (; né Bottom; born October 28, 1974) is an American actor, producer, and animal rights activist. Known for playing dark and unconventional characters in independent film An independent film, independent movie, indie fi ...
,
Kate Winslet Kate Elizabeth Winslet (; born 5 October 1975) is an English actress. Known for her work in independent films, particularly Historical drama, period dramas, as well as for her portrayals of headstrong, complicated women, she has received List ...
and
Michael Caine Sir Michael Caine (born Maurice Joseph Micklewhite Jr.; 14 March 1933) is an English actor. Known for his distinctive South London South London is the informally defined southern part of London London is the and of and the . It ...
. ;''Twisted'' (2004) In 2003, he directed ''
TwistedTwisted may refer to: Film and television * Twisted (1986 film), ''Twisted'' (1986 film), a horror film by Adam Holender starring Christian Slater * Twisted (1996 film), ''Twisted'' (1996 film), a modern retelling of ''Oliver Twist'' * ''Twisted'', ...
'', a thriller about a young policewoman whose casual sex partners are murdered while she herself suffers alcoholic blackouts. It starred Ashley Judd, Samuel L. Jackson and Andy Garcia. ;''Hemingway & Gellhorn'' (2012) In 2012, eight years after his previous film, Kaufman directed an
HBO Home Box Office (HBO) is an American pay television Pay television, also known as subscription television, premium television or, when referring to an individual service, a premium channel, refers to subscription The subscription busin ...
biopic about
Ernest Hemingway Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, journalist, and sportsman. His economical and understated style—which he termed the iceberg theory The iceberg theory or theory of o ...
and his relationship with
Martha Gellhorn Martha Ellis Gellhorn (November 8, 1908 – February 15, 1998) was an American novelist A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists also write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction. Some novelists are professional ...
entitled '' Hemingway & Gellhorn''. It starred
Clive Owen Clive Owen (born 3 October 1964) is an English actor. He first gained recognition in the United Kingdom for playing the lead role in the ITV ITV or iTV may refer to: ITV *Independent Television (ITV), a British television network, consisting ...
and
Nicole Kidman Nicole Mary Kidman (born 20 June 1967) is an American-born Australian actress and producer. She is the recipient of numerous accolades, including an Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for arti ...

Nicole Kidman
. The film had been planned for many years, but languished as a project so he could care for Rose, who was fighting a cancer which would prove terminal. Kidman read the script and told him, "I want to do it ... no matter how long it takes. I'm in." The film was nominated for 15
Primetime Emmy Awards The Primetime Emmy Awards are bestowed by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences The Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS), also colloquially known as the Television Academy, is a professional honorary organization dedicated to th ...
, including one for Kaufman for Outstanding Directing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Dramatic Special.


Personal life

Kaufman lives in San Francisco, where he also runs his production company, Walrus and Associates. Kaufman's wife Rose Kaufman (March 30, 1939 – December 7, 2009), who made appearances in bit roles in ''
Henry & June ''Henry & June'' is a 1990 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's exp ...
'' and '' Invasion of the Body Snatchers'', died in
San Francisco San Francisco (; Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish language **Spanish cuisine Other places * Spanish, Ontario, Canada * Spanish River (dis ...

San Francisco
, aged 70, from cancer. She co-wrote the screenplays of '' The Wanderers'' and ''
Henry & June ''Henry & June'' is a 1990 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's exp ...
''. Their son Peter Kaufman was the producer of ''
Henry & June ''Henry & June'' is a 1990 American biographical A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person's life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person's exp ...
'', '' Rising Sun'', ''
Quills ''Quills'' is a 2000 period film A historical drama (also period drama, costume drama, and period piece) is a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television. Historical drama includes historical fiction and ...
'', ''
TwistedTwisted may refer to: Film and television * Twisted (1986 film), ''Twisted'' (1986 film), a horror film by Adam Holender starring Christian Slater * Twisted (1996 film), ''Twisted'' (1996 film), a modern retelling of ''Oliver Twist'' * ''Twisted'', ...
'', and '' Hemingway & Gellhorn''. Peter Kaufman is married to
Nancy Pelosi Nancy Patricia Pelosi (; ; born March 26, 1940) is an American politician serving as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives The speaker of the United States House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the H ...

Nancy Pelosi
's daughter
Christine Pelosi Christine Paule Pelosi (born May 5, 1966) is an American Democratic PartyDemocratic Party most often refers to: *Democratic Party (United States) Democratic Party and similar terms may also refer to: Active parties Africa *Botswana Democratic Pa ...
.


Filmography

Also credited ''Characters created by" in ''Indiana Jones'' franchise (post-''
Raiders Raider(s) may refer to: Sports teams Australia * Adelaide Raiders, a football (soccer) club in Adelaide, South Australia * Canberra Raiders, a National Rugby League team based in Canberra * Toowoomba Raiders FC, a football (soccer) club from Toow ...
'' films and video games).


References


External links

* * * video
Philip Kaufman on Charlie Rose
talking about ''Hemingway and Gelhorn'' {{DEFAULTSORT:Kaufman, Philip 1936 births
Living people Related categories * :Year of birth missing (living people) / :Year of birth unknown * :Date of birth missing (living people) / :Date of birth unknown * :Place of birth missing (living people) / :Place of birth unknown * :Year of death mi ...
American film directors American film producers American male screenwriters American people of German-Jewish descent Best Adapted Screenplay BAFTA Award winners Harvard Law School alumni Jewish American writers
University of Chicago alumni Alumni of the University of Chicago ''For a more complete listing, see the article: List of University of Chicago people'' {{CatAutoTOC, numerals=no Alumni by university or college in Illinois, Chicago University of Chicago people, Alumni ...
21st-century American Jews