HOME
        TheInfoList



Phetchabun ( th|เพชรบูรณ์, ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces (''changwat'') lies in lower northern Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Loei, Khon Kaen, Chaiyaphum, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phichit, and Phitsanulok.

Geography and climate

Phetchabun is in the lower northern region of Thailand, in the area between the northern and the central region. The province lies in the broad fertile river valley of the Pa Sak River, with mountains of the Phetchabun mountain range to the east and west. Khao Kho National Park, Nam Nao National Park, and Tat Mok National Park are all in the province, either entirely or partially. The total forest area is or 32.5 percent of provincial area. Phetchabun especially Khao Kho is a place with good weather and cold all year round. Therefore, received the nickname "Switzerland of Thailand".

Toponymy

The word ''phetcha'' originates from the Sanskrit word ''vajra'' meaning "diamond" (or weapon of Indra), and the word ''bun'' from Sanskrit ''purna'' meaning "full", "perfect" or "whole". Hence the name of the province literally means "perfect diamond". Initially, the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura", which means the city that has plenty of crops.Thanarutleasakon, k. (2002). Pra – wat – tai – sart – Thai – ched– sib – hoke – jung -wat hai history of 76 provinces Bangkok : One World Publishing. The reason is that the province is very fertile and has ample resources. Because of the fertility of the land, Phetchabun has always been agriculturally productive area.

History

Phetchabun was established by two kingdoms: the Sukhothai Kingdom, and the Ayutthaya Period of the King Narai. In the ''Thesaphiban'' administrative reforms at the beginning of the 20th century, the province, together with Lom Sak Province to the north, formed monthon Phetchabun. As it was the smallest monthon, it was also the first monthon to be dissolved in 1915, after being temporarily administered from Monthon Phitsanulok between 1903 and 1907. Lom Sak Province was abolished and merged into Phetchabun in 1932. During the period between 1968 and 1982 communist insurgents established bases in the mountains in the province. From hidden locations they fought occasional skirmishes against the Thai Army.

Symbols

The provincial seal shows a diamond on a mountain, as diamonds are found in the province. In the foreground are tobacco plants, as it is one of the crops grown in the province. The provincial tree is the tamarind. ''Craspedacusta sowerbyi'', a rare species of freshwater jellyfish is the provincial aquatic animal. Because Phetchabun is one of the few places in the world, that is the habitat of this species of invertebrates.

Economy

Tourism is considered the main industry of the province. Phu Thap Boek, the highest mountain in the province. It is a well-known tourist destination and the largest cabbage growing place in the country.

Transport



Road

Phetchabun is 346 kilometres from Bangkok by using Route 1 and Route 21.

Air

Phetchabun is served by Phetchabun Airport. Nok Air serves the airport with flights to Bangkok.

Administrative divisions

Map of 11 districts The province is divided into 11 districts (''amphoe''). These are further divided into 117 subdistricts (''tambon'') and 1261 villages (''muban'').

Local government

As of 26 November 2019 there are: one Phetchabun Provincial Administration Organisation (') and 25 municipal (''thesaban'') areas in the province. Phetchabun, Wichian Buri and Lom Sak have town (''thesaban mueang'') status. Further 22 subdistrict municipalities (''thesaban tambon''). The non-municipal areas are administered by 102 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (''ongkan borihan suan tambon'').

Human achievement index 2017

Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index (HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017. 250px|Road to Khao Kho

Local products

* Sweet tamarind * Arabica coffee * Khao lam * Black galingale * Stevia tea * Thai vermicelli rice noodles * Cabbage *Grilled chicken

Notable people

*Saensak Muangsurin (b. 1950–2009), boxer *Khaosai Galaxy (b. 1959), boxer, member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame *Kaokor Galaxy (b. 1959), boxer *Chana Porpaoin (b. 1966), boxer *Songkram Porpaoin (b. 1966), boxer *Sujin Naknayom (b. 1979), footballer *Chakrit Buathong (b. 1985), footballer *Sittisak Tarapan (b. 1984), footballer

Notes

Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.

References



External links

* Golden Jubilee Network province guide
->
Phetchabun Tourist informationWebsite of Province
(Thai)
Maps & attractions in Phetchabun
{{Authority control Category:Provinces of Thailand