Phetchabun ( th|เพชรบูรณ์, ) is one of Thailand's seventy-six provinces
(''changwat'') lies in lower northern Thailand
. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Loei
, Khon Kaen
, Nakhon Sawan
, and Phitsanulok
Geography and climate
Phetchabun is in the lower northern region of Thailand
, in the area between the northern and the central region. The province lies in the broad fertile river valley of the Pa Sak River
, with mountains of the Phetchabun mountain range
to the east and west.
Khao Kho National Park
, Nam Nao National Park
, and Tat Mok National Park
are all in the province, either entirely or partially. The total forest area is or 32.5 percent of provincial area.
Phetchabun especially Khao Kho is a place with good weather and cold all year round. Therefore, received the nickname "Switzerland of Thailand".
The word ''phetcha'' originates from the Sanskrit
'' meaning "diamond
" (or weapon of Indra
), and the word ''bun'' from Sanskrit ''purna'' meaning "full
", "perfect" or "whole
". Hence the name of the province literally means "perfect diamond".
Initially, the province was called "Phe-cha-buth" as "Phuenchapura", which means the city that has plenty of crops.
[Thanarutleasakon, k. (2002). Pra – wat – tai – sart – Thai – ched– sib – hoke – jung -wat hai history of 76 provinces Bangkok : One World Publishing.]
The reason is that the province is very fertile and has ample resources. Because of the fertility of the land, Phetchabun has always been agriculturally productive area.
Phetchabun was established by two kingdoms
: the Sukhothai Kingdom
, and the Ayutthaya
Period of the King Narai
In the ''Thesaphiban'' administrative reforms at the beginning of the 20th century, the province, together with Lom Sak Province
to the north, formed monthon Phetchabun
. As it was the smallest monthon, it was also the first monthon to be dissolved in 1915, after being temporarily administered from Monthon Phitsanulok between 1903 and 1907. Lom Sak Province was abolished and merged into Phetchabun in 1932.
During the period between 1968 and 1982 communist insurgents established bases in the mountains in the province. From hidden locations they fought occasional skirmishes against the Thai Army
The provincial seal
shows a diamond
on a mountain, as diamonds are found in the province. In the foreground are tobacco
plants, as it is one of the crops grown in the province. The provincial tree is the tamarind
. ''Craspedacusta sowerbyi
'', a rare species of freshwater jellyfish
is the provincial aquatic animal. Because Phetchabun is one of the few places in the world, that is the habitat of this species of invertebrate
Tourism is considered the main industry of the province.
Phu Thap Boek
, the highest mountain in the province. It is a well-known tourist destination and the largest cabbage growing place in the country.
Phetchabun is 346 kilometres from Bangkok by using Route 1 and Route 21.
Phetchabun is served by Phetchabun Airport
. Nok Air
serves the airport with flights to Bangkok
Map of 11 districts
The province is divided into 11 districts (''amphoe
''). These are further divided into 117 subdistricts (''tambon
'') and 1261 villages (''muban
As of 26 November 2019 there are:
one Phetchabun Provincial Administration Organisation (') and 25 municipal (''thesaban'') areas in the province. Phetchabun, Wichian Buri and Lom Sak have town (''thesaban mueang
'') status. Further 22 subdistrict municipalities (''thesaban tambon
''). The non-municipal areas are administered by 102 Subdistrict Administrative Organisations - SAO (''ongkan borihan suan tambon'').
Human achievement index 2017
Since 2003, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Thailand has tracked progress on human development at sub-national level using the Human achievement index
(HAI), a composite index covering all the eight key areas of human development. National Economic and Social Development Board (NESDB) has taken over this task since 2017.
250px|Road to Khao Kho
* Sweet tamarind
* Arabica coffee
* Khao lam
* Black galingale
* Stevia tea
* Thai vermicelli rice noodles
(b. 1950–2009), boxer
(b. 1959), boxer, member of the International Boxing Hall of Fame
(b. 1959), boxer
(b. 1966), boxer
(b. 1966), boxer
(b. 1979), footballer
(b. 1985), footballer
(b. 1984), footballer
Reports (data) from Thai government are "not copyrightable" (Public Domain), Copyright Act 2537 (1994), section 7.
Golden Jubilee Network province guide
Phetchabun Tourist informationWebsite of Province
(Thai)Maps & attractions in Phetchabun
Category:Provinces of Thailand