Pierre Samuel "Pete" du Pont IV (born January 22, 1935) is an American businessman, lawyer and politician from Rockland, in New Castle County, Delaware, near Wilmington. He was the United States Representative for Delaware from 1971 to 1977 and the 68th governor of Delaware from 1977 to 1985. He is a member of the Republican Party.

Early life and family

A member of the Du Pont family, du Pont was born in Wilmington, Delaware, the son of Pierre S. du Pont III and Jane Holcomb du Pont, and great nephew of Pierre S. du Pont, the developer of Longwood Gardens. After education at Phillips Exeter Academy, Princeton University, and Harvard Law School, he served in the U.S. Naval Reserve (Seabees) from 1957 until 1960. He is married to Elise Ravenel Wood and has four children, Elise, Pierre V, Ben, and Eleuthère.

Professional and political career

From 1963 until 1970 du Pont was employed by E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Co. In 1968 he was elected to the 1969–70 session of the Delaware House of Representatives. He seriously considered a bid for a United States Senate seat in 1972 (eventually won by Democrat Joe Biden), but realized he faced a primary election against former U.S. Representative Harry G. Haskell, Jr. He bowed to the desire of Republican leaders, including President Richard Nixon, to have a reluctant incumbent U.S. Senator J. Caleb Boggs seek a third term.

U.S. House of Representatives

In 1970 du Pont was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives, defeating Democrat John D. Daniello, a New Castle County Councilman and labor leader. He won election to the U.S. House of Representatives two more times, defeating Democrats Norma Handloff in 1972 and University of Delaware professor James R. Soles in 1974. In Congress, du Pont supported an attempt to limit presidential authority through the War Powers Act of 1973, but was one of the last to remain loyal to U.S. President Richard M. Nixon during the impeachment process.

Governor of Delaware

Du Pont did not seek another term in the U.S. House of Representatives, instead running for Governor of Delaware in 1976, defeating incumbent Democratic Governor Sherman W. Tribbitt. He was elected to a second term as governor in 1980, defeating Democratic State House leader William J. Gordy, and served two terms from January 18, 1977 until January 15, 1985. 300px|Governor du Pont IV with Adjutant General of Delaware National Guard Du Pont's two terms as governor were the major divide in the modern history of the state. Following a desperate initial confrontation with the Democratic Delaware General Assembly over the budget, both du Pont and the Delaware General Assembly developed the consensus approach to decision making that remains characteristic of Delaware politics. As a result of this cooperation, du Pont signed into law two income tax reduction measures and a constitutional amendment that restrained future tax increases and limited government spending. The ''Wilmington News Journal'' praised these policies, saying that du Pont "revived hebusiness climate and set the stage for elaware'sprosperity." In 1979, he founded the nonprofit "Jobs for Delaware Graduates," an employment counseling and job placement program for high school seniors not bound for college. This program was the model for other programs currently functioning in many states and foreign countries. In 1981, Du Pont helped establish the credit card industry in Delaware, in a race against South Dakota, which the year before had abolished its usury law limiting the interest rates that banks can charge consumers for credit. At the time, du Pont's cousin Nathan Hayward III advocated that tiny Delaware aspire to become the "financial Luxembourg of America" - a tax haven for corporations, yacht owners and credit card companies permitted to charge unlimited interest. Former Du Pont Chairman Irving Shapiro, a lobbyist for Citigroup, helped Gov. du Pont pass the Financial Center Development Act in 1981 with the cooperation of the leadership of both parties and others in state and local government. Intended to attract two New York state banks that would hire at least 1,000 employees, the law eventually drew more than thirty banks to Delaware, creating 43,000 new finance related jobs and leading the state away from its previous dependence on the chemical industry in general and the Du Pont Company in particular.

Presidential aspirations

With his term as governor forced by law to end in 1985, du Pont, as the dominant Delaware politician, was widely expected by many to challenge the incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Joe Biden. But du Pont had little interest in legislative politics and declined to run, preparing instead for a long shot bid for the Republican U.S. presidential nomination in the 1988 election. (His wife, Elise, ran for the U.S. Congressional seat that he had previously held in 1984, but lost to incumbent Democrat Tom Carper.) He declared his intent on September 16, 1986, before anyone else. Biden also sought his party's nomination. Running in the 1988 Republican presidential primaries, du Pont presented an unconventional program. As described by Celia Cohen in her book, ''Only in Delaware,'' du Pont, "wanted to reform Social Security by offering recipients private savings options in exchange for a corresponding reduction in government benefits. He proposed phasing out government subsidies for farmers. He said he would wean welfare clients off their benefits and get them into the workforce, even if government had to provide entry level jobs to get them started. He suggested students be subjected to mandatory, random drug tests with those who flunked losing their drivers licenses." After finishing next to last in the New Hampshire primary, du Pont left the race.

Later career

In 1984, du Pont served as chairman of the Education Commission of the States, a national organization of educators dedicated to improving all facets of American education. He has also served as chairman of the Hudson Institute from 1985 until 1987 and the National Review Institute from 1994 until 1997. , du Pont is the chairman of the board for the National Center for Policy Analysis, a think tank based in Dallas, Texas; he is a retired director with the Wilmington, Delaware law firm of Richards, Layton, and Finger, and until May 2014, he wrote the monthly ''Outside the Box'' column for the Wall Street Journal.

Electoral history


;General * * * *

External links

Biographical Directory of the Governors of the United States
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress

* Delaware Historical Society
505 North Market Street, Wilmington, Delaware 19801; (302) 655–7161 * University of Delaware
Library website
181 South College Avenue, Newark, Delaware 19717; (302) 831–2965 {{DEFAULTSORT:Du Pont, Pierre S., IV Category:1935 births Category:Living people Pierre S. du Pont, IV Category:American Episcopalians Category:People from New Castle County, Delaware Category:Phillips Exeter Academy alumni Category:Princeton University alumni Category:Harvard Law School alumni Category:United States Navy personnel Category:Delaware Republicans Category:American people of French descent Category:Members of the Delaware House of Representatives Category:Members of the United States House of Representatives from Delaware Category:Military personnel from Delaware Category:Governors of Delaware Category:Candidates in the 1988 United States presidential election Category:20th-century American politicians Category:Members of the Philadelphia Club Category:Republican Party state governors of the United States Category:Republican Party members of the United States House of Representatives Category:People from Wilmington, Delaware Category:People from North Haven, Maine Category:Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments Category:Hudson Institute