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In Pennsylvania, the courts of common pleas are the trial courts of the Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania (the state court system). The courts of common pleas are the trial courts of general jurisdiction in the state. The name derives from the medieval English court of Common Pleas. They hear civil cases with a significant amount in controversy and trials for serious crimes. They have original jurisdiction over all cases not exclusively assigned to another court and appellate jurisdiction over judgments from the minor courts (which include the magisterial district courts in all counties but Philadelphia, the Philadelphia Municipal Court and Pittsburgh Municipal Court). They also hear appeals from certain state and most local government agencies. The courts are established by Article V, Section 5 of the Pennsylvania Constitution: The courts of common pleas are organized into 60 judicial districts, 53 comprising one of Pennsylvania's 67 counties, and seven comprising two counties. Each district has from one to 101 judges. Judges of the common pleas courts are elected to ten-year terms. A president judge and a court administrator serve in each judicial district. In districts with seven or fewer judges, the president judge with the longest continuous service holds this position. In districts with eight or more judges, the president judge is elected to a five-year term by the court.

Judicial districts

{{columns-list|colwidth=20em| # Philadelphia County # Lancaster County # Northampton County # Tioga County # Allegheny County # Erie County # Bucks County # Northumberland County # Cumberland County # Westmoreland County # Luzerne County # Dauphin County # Greene County # Fayette County # Chester County # Somerset County # Snyder County and Union County # Clarion County # York County # Huntingdon County # Schuylkill County # Wayne County # Berks County # Blair County # Clinton County # Columbia County and Montour County # Washington County # Venango County # Lycoming County # Crawford County # Lehigh County # Delaware County # Armstrong County # Susquehanna County # Mercer County # Beaver County # Forest County and Warren County # Montgomery County # Franklin County and Fulton County # Indiana County # Juniata County and Perry County # Bradford County # Monroe County # Sullivan County and Wyoming County # Lackawanna County # Clearfield County # Cambria County # McKean County # Centre County # Butler County # Adams County # Lebanon County # Lawrence County # Jefferson County # Potter County # Carbon County # Bedford County # Mifflin County # Cameron County and Elk County # Pike County

See also

*List of state and county courthouses in Pennsylvania

External links


Courts of Common Pleas
nbsp;– information from the Unified Judicial System of Pennsylvania Category:Pennsylvania state courts Category:Courts and tribunals with year of establishment missing