300px|Landmark set between the domains of the Lord of Auteuil and the Lord of Passy in 1731
Passy is an area of Paris
, located in the 16th arrondissement
, on the Right Bank
. It is home to many of the city's wealthiest residents.
Passy was a commune
on the outskirts of Paris. In 1658, hot springs were discovered around which spa facilities were developed. This attracted Parisian society and English visitors, some of whom made the area, which combined attractive countryside with both modest houses and fine residences, their winter retreat. The population was 2,400 in 1836, 4,545 in 1841, but larger in summer. In 1861 the population was 11,431. Passy's population was 17,594 when it was absorbed into Paris along with several other communities in 1860.
*Alexandre Le Riche de La Poupelinière
(1693–1762), French tax farm
er and music patron
(1728–1800), Italian composer
*Princess Marie Louise of Savoy
(1749–1792), Savoyan princess
*General Charles Edward Jennings de Kilmaine
(1751–1799), Irish soldier and revolutionary
(1758–1818), British noblewoman
(1771–1842), French violinist and composer
*Jean François Boissonade de Fontarabie
, 12 août 1774 - Passy, 8 septembre 1857), French historian.
(1778–1862), French medical doctor
(1779–1869), Swiss army officer
*Alphonse de Lamartine
(1790–1869), French poet and politician
(1792–1868), Italian composer
*Paul de Kock
(1793–1871), French novelist
*Honoré de Balzac
(1799–1850), French novelist and playwright
*Alfred Des Essarts
(1811–1893), French playwright and poet
(1828–1886), French opera singer
(1830–1903), French painter
*Virginia Oldoini, Countess di Castiglione
(1837–1899), Italian aristocrat
(1841–1929), French politician, physician, and journalist
(1841–1895), French painter
*William Kissam Vanderbilt
(1849–1920), American businessman
(1858–1923), French music publisher
(1861–1942), French painter
*Comtesse de Buyer-Mimeure, the former Miss Daisy Polk
1917), American activist
(1985), French actress
Benjamin Franklin in Passy
Passy was the home of Benjamin Franklin
during the nine years that he lived in France during the American Revolutionary War
. For much of this time, he was a lodger in the home of Monsieur de Chaumont.
Franklin established a small printing press
in his lodgings to print pamphlets and other material as part of his mandate to maintain French support for the revolution. He called it the Passy Press.
Among his printing projects, he produced comics
he called ''Bagatelles''
and passports. He developed a typeface known as "le Franklin". He also printed a 1782 treatise by Pierre-André Gargaz
titled ''A Project of Universal and Perpetual Peace'', which laid out a vision for maintaining a permanent peace in Europe
. It proposed a central governing council composed of representatives of all the nations of Europe to arbitrate international disputes.
He also worked on his scientific projects at a laboratory he shared with others, which had been installed by Louis XV
in the Château de la Muette
When Franklin returned to America, the new American Ambassador to France, Thomas Jefferson
, wrote: "When he left Passy, it seemed as if the village had lost its patriarch." To this day, a street in Passy bears the name Rue Benjamin Franklin.
Artists of Passy
The painting Albert Gleizes
painting ''Les ponts de Paris (Passy), The Bridges of Paris (Passy)
'', housed in the collection of the Museum Moderner Kunst (mumok
), Vienna, refers to the spirit of solidarity among the newly formed "Artists of Passy", during a time when factions had begun to develop within Cubism
. ''Les Artistes de Passy'' consisted of a diverse grouping of avant-garde
artistes (painters, sculptors and poets), including several who previously held meetings in 1910 at the rue Visconti studio of Henri Le Fauconnier
. Their first diner presided over by neo-symbolist Paul Fort
was held at the house of Balzac
, rue Raynouard, in the presence of Guillaume Apollinaire
, Raymond Duchamp-Villon
, Marie Laurencin
, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger
, André Mare
, Jean Metzinger
, Francis Picabia
, Henry Valensi, and Jacques Villon
.''Cubisme, 1912", Archives, Grande Encyclopédie Larousse
/ref> Albert Gleizes chose Passy as the subject of this painting.
Places in Passy
There is now a ''rue Benjamin Franklin'' and a ''square de Yorktown'' near the Trocadéro.
A lively street in the area is Rue de Passy, which goes from La Muette to the Place de Costa Rica just behind the Trocadéro. It has boutiques and chain stores along its length.
The Cimetière de Passy, located at 2, rue du Commandant Schœlsing, is the burial place for many well-known persons including American silent film star Pearl White, the painters Édouard Manet and Berthe Morisot, and composer Claude Debussy.
Honoré de Balzac lived and wrote in Passy, and his house is now a museum (Maison de Balzac).
The apartment in which Marlon Brando trysts with Maria Schneider in Bernardo Bertolucci's 1972 film ''Last Tango in Paris'' was located in Passy.
* Théodore Année
* Madame Brillon
Category:Districts of Paris
Category:16th arrondissement of Paris
Category:Former communes of Seine