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The Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in and the former ; 20 states are members. It was first discussed by the Bulgarian Society Novae, after being proposed as an initiative at the meeting of NATO s in , , on October 20–21, 1993, and formally launched on January 10–11, 1994 at the NATO in , . According to declassified U.S. State Department records, President Bill Clinton characterized the Partnership for Peace as a "track that will lead to NATO membership" and that "does not draw another line dividing Europe a few hundred miles to the east."


Activities

NATO builds relationships with partners through military-to-military cooperation on training, exercises, disaster planning and response, science and environmental issues, professionalization, policy planning, and relations with civilian government.


Membership


Current members

* (October 5, 1994) * (May 4, 1994) * (January 11, 1995) * (December 14, 2006) * (March 23, 1994) * (May 27, 1994) * (June 1, 1994) * (March 16, 1994) * (June 22, 1994) * (December 14, 2006) * (February 20, 2002) * (May 10, 1994) * (February 8, 1994) * (July 13, 1994)


European Union members

* (February 10, 1995) * (May 9, 1994) * (December 1, 1999) * (joined April 26, 1995; withdrew on October 27, 1996; reactivated its membership on March 20, 2008; this was accepted by NATO on April 3, 2008.) * (May 9, 1994)


European Free Trade Association member

* (December 11, 1996)


Membership history

Fourteen former member states of the PfP (namely , , , , , , , , , , , , , and ), have subsequently joined NATO. On April 26, 1995 became a member of PfP; it left on October 27, 1996, in order to maintain its neutrality. On March 20, 2008, Malta decided to reactivate their PfP membership; this was accepted by NATO at the summit in on April 3, 2008. During the NATO summit in on November 29, 2006, , , and were invited to join PfP, which they did on December 14, 2006.


Aspiring members

* is the only that is neither a nor a member of the PfP program. The adopted a resolution in February 2011 that Cyprus should seek membership in the program, but the then did not act on it, saying it would hamper his attempts to negotiate an end to the nation's with (only recognized by Turkey) and demilitarize the island. , a full member of NATO, is likely to veto any attempt by Cyprus to engage with NATO until the dispute is resolved. Christofias' successor, , has publicly supported PfP membership for Cyprus, though the current foreign minister has dismissed Cypriot membership of NATO or Partnership for Peace, preferring to keep Cyprus’ within the framework of the European Union. * has described PfP membership as a tactical and strategic objective of the government. Kosovo submitted an application to join the PfP program in July 2012. However, four , , , and , do not Kosovo's independence and have threatened to block their participation in the program. To be eligible to join, the must be established.


NATO members that were previously PfP members


Countries that became full NATO members on March 12, 1999

* (March 10, 1994) * (February 8, 1994) * (February 2, 1994)


Countries that became full NATO members on March 29, 2004

* (February 14, 1994) * (February 3, 1994) * (February 14, 1994) * (January 27, 1994) * (January 26, 1994) * (February 9, 1994) * (March 30, 1994)


Countries that became full NATO members on April 1, 2009

* (February 23, 1994) * (May 25, 2000)


Country that became full NATO member on June 5, 2017

* (December 14, 2006)


Country that became full NATO member on March 27, 2020

* (November 15, 1995, as Republic of Macedonia before February 2019)


See also

* * * *


References


External links




Partnership for Peace Information Management System (PIMS)


{{DEFAULTSORT:Partnership For Peace 1994 establishments in Belgium