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Palaikastro ( el, Παλαίκαστρο; Godart and Olivier abbreviation PK) is a small village at the east end of the Mediterranean island
Crete Crete ( el, Κρήτη, translit=, Modern Modern may refer to: History *Modern history Human history, also known as world history, is the description of humanity's past. It is informed by archaeology Archaeology or archeology ...

Crete
. It is a historic site. Already in
Minoan The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age Aegean civilization on the island of Crete and other Aegean Islands, flourishing from c. 3000 BC to c. 1450 BC and, after a late period of decline, finally ending around 1100 BC, during the early Greek Da ...
times the region was a centre of trade. The port of
Itanos Itanos ( el, Ίτανος) is a former municipality in the Lasithi Lasithi ( el, Λασίθι) is the easternmost regional unit on the island of Crete Crete ( el, Κρήτη, translit=, Modern: , Ancient: '','' ) is the largest and most popu ...
, today several meters below sea level, is mentioned in ancient times. The very extensive Minoan commercial settlement
Roussolakkos Roussolakkos is the site of an important Minoan civilization, Minoan city, located near Palekastro, Crete. It is the only Minoan city to have survived intact. Its harbor, outlying settlements, sanctuaries, and quarries are preserved under sediment ...
close to the Chiona beach, excavated by English archaeologists, clearly shows that the region was one of the most important commercial centres of the Minoan culture in the extreme east of the island of Crete. The Minoan Moulds of Palaikastro were discovered in October 1899 by a farmer 150 metres (160 yd) northeast of the village of Palaikastro. The Palaikastro Kouros is a carved figure of a youth that was recovered in fragments between 1987 and 1990. The village remains free from mass tourism. The main economic activity of the approximately 1100 inhabitants continues to be agriculture.
Olives The olive, botanical name ''Olea europaea'', meaning "European olive", is a species In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemica ...

Olives
and grape vines are cultivated and a few fishermen remain.
Commercial fishing Commercial fishing is the activity of catching fish and other seafood for Commerce, commercial Profit (economics), profit, mostly from wild fisheries. It provides a large quantity of food to many countries around the earth, but those who practice ...

Commercial fishing
however is difficult these days because of the substantial overfishing in the
Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by and and , on the south by , and on the east by the . The Sea has played a central role in the . Although the Mediterrane ...
. Tourism is an important source of supplementary income and is likely to remain so. At the east edge of the village, visible from a distance, there is a flat hill called ''Kastri(s)''. This hill gave Palaikastro its name in the Middle Ages, when Crete was ruled by the
Republic of Venice The Republic of Venice ( it, Repubblica di Venezia; vec, Repùblega de Venèsia) or Venetian Republic ( it, Repubblica Veneta; vec, Repùblega Vèneta), traditionally known as La Serenissima ( en, Most Serene Republic Most Serene Republic ( ...
. On its flat summit the Venetians established a fortress. In the course of the centuries the stones were cleared away and used by the people of the region to build houses. Mount Petsofas above the town has the ruins of a Minoan peak sanctuary.


Gallery

File:Palekastro_R09.jpg, Main street File:Palekastro_R08.jpg, The church File:Palekastro_R07.jpg, Kastri Hill File:Palekastro R03.jpg, The Minoan site of Roussolakkos


Notes


References

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External links


Palaikastro Archaeological SiteThe Palaikastro kouros
{{Siteia div
Minoan sites in Crete{{Commons category, Minoan archaeological sites in Crete Minoan archaeology, Crete Archaeological sites in Crete ...
Populated places in Lasithi