Oryahovo ( bg|Оряхово ) is a port city
in northwestern Bulgaria
, part of Vratsa Province
. It is located in a hilly country on the right bank of the Danube
, just east of the mouth of the river Ogosta
, a few more kilometres downstream from where the Jiu
flows into the Danube on Romania
n territory. The town is known for the ferry service that connects it to the Romanian town of Bechet
across the river. There are also plans by local private companies for a bridge across the Danube. As of December 2009, Oryahovo has a population of 5,400 inhabitants.
Ancient history and Middle Ages
The town's name has evolved through the course of history, with names such as ''Vrhov'', ''Orezov'', ''Oreov'' and ''Rahovo'' being mentioned in documents until the current one was officially established in 1886. The area around Oryahovo has been inhabited since ancient times, as archaeological research has proven with findings from the early Neolithic
to the Late Middle Ages
. A fortress called ''Kamaka'' (''Камъка'') is located 1 km east from Oryahovo, which existed from the 9th to the 14th century. In 1396, the city, already controlled by the Ottoman Turks
, was sacked and its Ottoman civilian inhabitants killed while the prisoners massacred by French crusaders
heading towards Nicopolis
. The troops of Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund
and Polish King Władysław III of Varna
passed through the fortress during their unsuccessful crusades (the Battle of Nicopolis
in 1396 and the Battle of Varna
in 1444, respectively) against the Ottoman Empire
Bulgarian National Revival
During the Bulgarian National Revival
, Oryahovo established itself as an economic and industrial centre and a key point for the supply of the Ottoman Empire with goods through the Danube. The town was mentioned as an important Danube port in a 1762 book printed in Brussels
. The St George Church was opened in 1837, a secular school was built in the town in 1857 and a community centre (''читалище, chitalishte'') followed in 1871. During the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78
, the town was liberated on 21 November 1877 by Romanian forces after three-day fighting. A memorial by Italian
sculptor Arnaldo Zocchi
was erected in their honour.
After the liberation, Oryahovo was known for the lively trade and rich cultural life. A provincial centre for three months, it became the centre of an okrag
for 10 years (1877–1882 and 1884–1889). The architecture from the period is typically influenced by the one of Western Europe
, with many such buildings being preserved today.
A railway line linking Oryahovo with Cherven Bryag
was constructed in 1926, a new church, the Assumption of Mary Church, opened in 1930, and a new building for the community centre was built in 1936 after a project by two Vidin
Some of the first industrial companies in the city, a spare parts factory and a metalworking company, were opened in 1961. Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant
, a short drive west of town, is also a major employer.
The ferry Oryahovo - Beckett, crossing Danube, is one of the main transport corridors from Bulgaria to Romania. This is the most direct route from Sofia to Romania, Ukraine and other countries.
Kosta Lulchev memorial plaque, Oryahovo.jpg|Kosta Lulchev memorial plaque
Todor Panitsa monument in Oriahovo.jpg|Todor Panitsa`s monument
on Livingston Island
in the South Shetland Islands
is named after Oryahovo.
File:Oryahovo1TB.jpg|Church in Oryahovo
File:Oryahovo6TB.jpg|View of the town
File:Oryahovo5TB.jpg|The Oryahovo–Bechet ferry
File:Oryahovo7TB.jpg|The Danube at Oryahovo
External links360 degree virtual panoramas from Oryahovo
Category:Towns in Bulgaria
Category:Populated places on the Danube
Category:Populated places in Vratsa Province
Category:Bulgaria–Romania border crossings