HOME
        TheInfoList



The Order of the Sun of Peru (Spanish: ''Orden El Sol del Perú''), formerly known as the Order of the Sun, is the highest award bestowed by the nation of Peru to commend notable civil and military merit. The award is the oldest civilian award in the Americas, first being established in 1821.

History

The Order was originally instituted on 8 October 1821 by General José de San Martín upon reaching Lima, to recognize those who had distinguished themselves in the campaign against the Spanish Royalists. The three classes of appointment to the Order were, in descending order of precedence: Founder, Meritorious and Associate. It was discontinued four years later, after many grantees started to use the award as a nobility title, similar to the earlier Castile titles awarded by the colonial government. The Congress issued a law abolishing the Order of the Sun on May 9, 1825. In 1921, the Order was re-established to commemorate the Centennial of Peruvian Independence.

Classes

The award consists of the following classes: *Grand Cross with diamonds *Grand Cross *Grand Officer *Commander *Officer *Knight

Notable recipients




Royalty


* King Philip VI of Spain, invested as a Grand Cross (17 October 1991) and later ascended to Grand Collar (7 July 2015) * Emir Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani of Qatar, Grand Collar (13 February 2014) * King Abdullah II of Jordan, Grand Cross with Diamonds (23 May 2005) * King Mohammed VI of Morocco, Grand Cross with Diamonds (30 November 2004) * Queen Letizia of Spain (as Princess of Asturias), Grand Cross (5 July 2004) * Prince Albert II of Monaco (as Hereditary Prince), Grand Cross (25 November 2003) * King Ja'afar of Negeri Sembilan of Malaysia, Grand Cross with Diamonds (8 November 1996) * King Rama IX of Thailand, Grand Cross with Diamonds (8 November 1996) * Prince Michael of Kent, Grand Cross (2 November 1994) * Emperor Akihito, invested as a Grand Cross (11 May 1967) and later ascended to Grand Cross with Diamonds (13 March 1992) * Empress Michiko, Grand Cross (13 March 1992) * Queen Sofía of Spain, Grand Cross (17 October 1991) * King Juan Carlos I of Spain, Grand Cross with Diamonds (8 November 1978) * Emperor Haile Selassie, Grand Cross (1966) * King Albert II of Belgium (as Prince of Liège), Grand Cross (23 October 1965) * Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, Grand Cross with Diamonds (13 February 1962) * Empress Nagako, Grand Cross (24 April 1961) * Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1960) * King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden * King Edward VIII of Great Britain (as Prince of Wales), Grand Cross (1931) * King Alfonso XIII of Spain, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1923) * King Gustaf V of Sweden, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1923) * King Christian X of Denmark, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * King Albert I of Belgium, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * King Haakon VII of Norway, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Emperor Yoshihito of Japan, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * King Ferdinand I of Romania, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * King Leopold III of Belgium (as Prince of Belgium), Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922)


Other people


* Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa * Ramón Miranda Ampuero * Henry Harley "Hap" Arnold * François Mitterrand, Grand Cross with Diamonds (9 October 1987) * Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Grand Cross with Diamonds (29 March 1984) * Leonid Brezhnev, Grand Cross with Diamonds (9 June 1978) * Carlos Andrés Pérez, Grand Cross with Diamonds (11 November 1976) * Nicolae Ceaușescu, Grand Cross with Diamonds (14 September 1973) * Patricia Nixon, Grand Cross with Diamonds (23 June 1971) * Charles de Gaulle, Grand Cross with Diamonds (15 December 1969) * G. E. Berrios * Leonid Brezhnev * Fernando Belaúnde Terry, Grand Cross with Diamonds (20 July 1963) * Ernesto Burzagli * Rosa Campuzano * Arturo "Zambo" Cavero * Eduardo Frei, Grand Cross with Diamonds (13 November 1964) * Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Hipólito Yrigoyen, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Alexandre Millerand, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Warren G. Harding, Grand Cross with Diamonds (not invested by death), Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Antonio Lulli Avalos, Grand Cross * Friedrich Ebert, Grand Cross with Diamonds (1922) * Gerardo Chavez * Rafael Correa * Roberto Dañino * Alfredo Pareja Diezcanseco * Plácido Domingo * Jose Antonio Meier Espinosa * Juan Diego Flórez * Francisco Estévanez Rodríguez * Frank Freyer * Charles de Gaulle * Herbert Hervey, 5th Marquess of Bristol * Thor Heyerdahl * Guillermo Hillcoat * Daisaku Ikeda * Cristina Fernández de Kirchner * Alexei Kosygin * Sergey Lavrov * Lee Hsien Loong * Martín Vizcarra * Paul McCartney * George Marshall * Dmitry Medvedev * José Mujica * Pat Nixon, 1970 * Valentín Paniagua * Chiang Kai-Shek * George Papandreou * Maria Reiche * Ford O. Rogers * Maria Rostworowski * Manuela Sáenz * Haile Selassie * John F. Shafroth Jr. * Andrew B. Shea * Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthala * Yma Sumac * Fernando de Szyszlo * Julio C. Tello * Valentina Tereshkova * Danilo Türk * Donald Tusk * Pablo Grimberg Umansky * Somchai Wongsawat * Sarit Thanarat * Thanom Kittikachorn * Prem Tinsulanonda * Gian Marco Zignago

Notes



References

* Werlich, Robert. (1965)
''Orders and Decorations of All Nations: Ancient and Modern, Civil and Military.''
Washington, D.C.: Quaker Press.
OCLC 390804


{{Decorations by country Category:Orders, decorations, and medals of Peru Sun (Peru), Order of the Category:Awards established in 1821 Category:1821 establishments in Peru Category:Awards established in 1921 Category:1921 establishments in Peru