HOME
TheInfoList



The Ancient and Auspicious Order of the Nine Gems ( th, เครื่องราชอิสริยาภรณ์อันเป็นโบราณมงคลนพรัตนราชวราภรณ์; ) was established in 1851 by King Mongkut (Rama IV) of the Kingdom of Siam (now
Thailand ) , royal_anthem = '' Sansoen Phra Barami''( en, "Glorify His prestige") , image_map = , map_caption = , capital = Bangkok , coordinates = , largest_city = Bangkok , official_languages = Thai language, Thai ''* ...
). The order is bestowed upon the members of the Thai royal family and distinguished high-ranking officials who have given service to the kingdom and who are active Buddhist laypeople. In practice, it is the highest Thai order granted to Thai citizens, as the two higher orders are reserved for royalty or foreign heads of state. Members of the order are entitled to use the postnominals น.ร.


History

The order is based on the model of European orders of chivalry and merit. The nine gems are the Thai form of the original Hindu royal
amulet An amulet, also known as a good luck charm, is an object believed to confer protection upon its possessor. The word "amulet" comes from the Latin word amuletum, which Pliny's ''Natural History'' describes as "an object that protects a person from ...
known as the navaratna and in its original form consisted of a ring of gold bearing the nine gems awarded to a Thai general after he won an important military victory and is also part of the royal insignia given the Thai king at his
coronation A coronation is the act of placement or bestowal of a crown upon a monarch's head. The term also generally refers not only to the physical crowning but to the whole ceremony wherein the act of crowning occurs, along with the presentation of other ...
. This ring still is part of the insignia of the order and worn by the male members of the order. The nine precious stones of the royal amulet constitute an integral part of both the badge and the star of the order. The nine gems and the corresponding benefits that they bestow on their bearers are: *
Diamond Diamond is a solid form of the element carbon with its atoms arranged in a crystal structure called diamond cubic The diamond cubic crystal structure is a repeating pattern of 8 atoms that certain materials may adopt as they solidify. Wh ...

Diamond
—Power, wealth, success over enemies *
Ruby A ruby is a pink to blood-red coloured gemstone A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewellery, jewelry or othe ...
—Success and longevity *
Emerald
Emerald
—Strength and security *Yellow
Sapphire Sapphire is a precious gemstone A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewellery, jewelry or other adornments. H ...
—Charm and love *
Garnet Garnets () are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a prehistoric Periodization, period that was characterized by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features ...

Garnet
—Health and longevity *Blue
Sapphire Sapphire is a precious gemstone A gemstone (also called a gem, fine gem, jewel, precious stone, or semi-precious stone) is a piece of mineral crystal which, in cut and polished form, is used to make jewellery, jewelry or other adornments. H ...
—Love and wealth * Pearl/ Moonstone—Purity, happiness, and success over enemies * Zircon/ Topaz—Wealth and success in legal affairs * Cat's Eye—Protection by spirits, and from fire


Insignia

250px, Order of the Nine Gems (Breast Star) The decoration consists of a single class (knight). The insignia are: *Pendant of the Nine Gems, on a yellow sash with red, blue, and green trim, worn over the right shoulder to the left hip (for men). For women, the Pendant of the Nine Gems is attached to a silk ribbon, worn on the front left shoulder. *Star of the Nine Gems, to wear on the left breast. *Gold Ring of the Nine Gems, for men, to wear on the right index finger. *The Sovereign Grand Master of the Order is Knight but added the Chain of the Nine Gems sash above to wear over the right shoulder to the left hip above sash badge and the star is decorated with diamonds.


List of Sovereigns


List of recipients

Highlights indicate living members


Royal Knights


Royal Dames


Knights


References


External links


The Ancient and Auspicious Order of the Nine Gems
Secretariat to the Cabinet of Thailand {{DEFAULTSORT:Order Of The Nine Gems Order of the Nine Gems, Orders of chivalry of Thailand, Nine Gems, Order Of The 1851 establishments in Siam Gemstones in religion Awards established in 1851