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This is a list of tables of the oldest people in the world in ordinal ranks. To avoid including false or unconfirmed claims of old age, names here are restricted to those people whose ages have been validated by an international body dealing in longevity research, such as the
Gerontology Research Group The Gerontology Research Group (GRG) is a global group of researchers in various fields that verifies and tracks supercentenarian A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110. This ag ...
(GRG) or ''
Guinness World Records ''Guinness World Records'', known from its inception in 1955 until 1999 as ''The Guinness Book of Records'' and in previous United States editions as ''The Guinness Book of World Records'', is a reference book A reference work is a work, ...
'' (GWR), and others who have otherwise been reliably sourced. The longest verified human lifespan is that of
Jeanne Calment Jeanne Louise Calment (; 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French supercentenarian and the oldest people, oldest human whose age is well-documented, with a lifespan of 122 years and 164 days. Her longevity attracted media attention and ...
of
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
(1875–1997), who lived to age 122 years and 164 days. She supposedly met
Vincent van Gogh Vincent Willem van Gogh (; 30 March 185329 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who posthumously became one of the most famous and influential figures in Western art ''; by Johannes Vermeer Johannes Vermeer ( , , #Pronun ...
when she was 12 or 13. She received news media attention in 1985, after turning 110. Subsequent investigation found documentation for Calment's age, beyond any reasonable question, in the records of her native city,
Arles Arles (, also , ; oc, label= Provençal, Arle ; Classical la, Arelate) is a city and commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: ...

Arles
, France. More evidence of Calment's lifespan has been produced than for any other
supercentenarian A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110. This age is achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarian A centenarian is a person who has reached the age of 100 years. Because life expe ...
, such that her case serves as an
archetype The concept of an archetype (; from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its popu ...

archetype
in the methodology for verifying the ages of the world's known oldest people. As women live longer than men on average, women predominate in combined records. The longest lifespan for a man is that of
Jiroemon Kimura was a Japanese supercentenarian who lived for 116 years and 54 days. He became the list of the verified oldest men, verified oldest man in history on 28 December 2012, when he surpassed the age of Christian Mortensen who had died in 1998. He wa ...
of
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
(1897–2013), who lived to age 116 years and 54 days. Since the death of 117-year-old Chiyo Miyako of Japan on 22 July 2018, -year-old
Kane Tanaka (' Ota; born 2 January 1903) is a Japanese supercentenarian A supercentenarian (sometimes hyphenated as super-centenarian) is someone who has reached the age of 110. This age is achieved by about one in 1,000 centenarians. Anderson ''et al.'' ...
, also of Japan, born 2 January 1903, is the oldest living person in the world whose age has been validated. Since the death of 113-year-old Emilio Flores Márquez of
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (; abbreviated PR; tnq, Boriken, ''Borinquen''), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico ( es, link=yes, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, lit=Free Associated State of Puerto Rico) is a Caribbean island and Unincorporated ...

Puerto Rico
on 12 August 2021, -year-old Saturnino de la Fuente García of Spain, born 11 February 1909, is the world's oldest known living man.


Ten oldest verified people ever

Systematic verification of longevity has only been practiced in recent decades and only in certain parts of the world. All ten oldest verified people ever are women. Legend


Oldest people

aCalment's case was
disputed Controversy is a state of prolonged public dispute or debate, usually concerning a matter of conflicting opinion or point of view. The word was coined from the Latin ''controversia'', as a composite of ''controversus'' – "turned in an opposite di ...
in a 2018 study which hypothesized that Calment's daughter Yvonne, born in 1898 and who is reported to have died in 1934, usurped Jeanne's identity upon her mother's death. Other researchers have dismissed this hypothesis on the basis of extensive prior research into Calment's life.


Oldest men

b Mortensen was born in
Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), hu ...

Denmark
.
c Gerneth was born in Stettin, then part of the
German Empire The German Empire or the Imperial State of Germany,, officially '.Herbert Tuttle Herbert Tuttle (1846–1894) was an American historian. Biography Herbert Tuttle was born in Bennington, Vermont Bennington is a New England town, town ...
, now in Poland and renamed
Szczecin Szczecin * sv, Stettin * Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the p ...

Szczecin
.
d Kristal was born in Maleniec, Końskie County, then part of the
Russian Empire The Russian Empire, . commonly referred to as Imperial Russia, was a historical empire that extended across Eurasia and North America from 1721, succeeding the Tsardom of Russia following the Treaty of Nystad that ended the Great Northern War. ...
, now in
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...

Poland
.


Ten oldest living people


Oldest living people

All of the world's ten oldest known living people are women. eJuniewicz was born in Krupsko near
Lviv Lviv ( ; uk, Львів ; pl, Lwów ; russian: Львов ; german: Lemberg; see also other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Oth ...

Lviv
, then in
Austria-Hungary Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy, was a constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliamentary monarchy, or democratic monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the monarch exe ...

Austria-Hungary
, now in
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
.
f Brañas Morera was born in the United States.
g Benegas-Gallego was born in
Paraguay Paraguay (; ), officially the Republic of Paraguay ( es, República del Paraguay, links=no; gn, Tetã Paraguái, links=no), is a country in South America South America is a entirely in the and mostly in the , with a relatively sma ...

Paraguay
.


Oldest living men

h Bandang was born in the
Raj of Sarawak (While I breathe, I hope) , national_anthem = ''Gone Forth Beyond the Sea "Gone Forth Beyond the Sea" was the National Anthem, anthem of the Raj of Sarawak. It was composed in 1872 by Margaret Brooke, Margaret of Sarawak, in honour of C ...
, then a British protectorate.
i Kowalski was born in Rogówek, then part of
Congress Poland Congress Poland or Russian Poland, formally known as the Kingdom of Poland, was a polity created in 1815 by the Congress of Vienna as a semi-autonomous Poland, Polish State (polity), state and successor to Napoleon's Duchy of Warsaw. It was est ...
within the Russian Empire, now Poland.
j Ruisheng was born in the
Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Pr ...
, now China.
k Lee was born in
Korea Korea is a region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics (physical geography), human impact characteristics (human geography), and the interaction of humanity and the environment (environmental ...

Korea
which was at the time annexed by the Empire of Japan.


Chronological list of the oldest known living person since 1955

This table lists the sequence of the world's oldest known living person from 1955 to present, according to GRG research. Due to the life expectancy difference between sexes, nearly all the oldest living people have been women; a sequence of the oldest living men is provided below the main list.


Chronological list of the oldest living man since 1973

This table lists the sequence of the world's oldest known living men from 1973 to present.


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Oldest People Gerontology * * Oldest organisms Record progressions sv:Lista över världens äldsta människor