Historyis known to have played matches from 1771 onwards and 15 matches involving this side have been awarded first-class status from 1826. A single first-class match was played by a combined Nottinghamshire and Leicestershire side in 1803 but the first Nottinghamshire sides played in 1829. Eight matches played by this side between 1835 and 1840 have first-class status. The formal creation of Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club was enacted in March or April 1841 (the exact date has been lost). William Clarke established Trent Bridge as a cricket venue adjacent to the public house he ran. It was Clarke's successor as Nottinghamshire captain, George Parr, who first captained a united England touring team in 1859. The club elected its first president, Sir Henry Bromley, in 1869. Early professional greats such as and ensured that Notts were a force in the period before 1900. Thanks largely to the outstanding bowling combination of Tom Wass and , the county won the in 1907 when George Gunn, John Gunn and Wilfred Payton were also prominent. Between the wars Notts enjoyed the services of the famous bowlers and . Strong batting from George Gunn, Arthur Carr and Dodger Whysall saw them emerge as champions in 1929 after losing the title on the final day of the season in 1927. Prior to the second war, opening batsman gained Test recognition, though the bowling was less effective. Through the early fifties the team was weak. The signing of the Australian leg break bowler , arrested the decline but until the signing of the incomparable in 1968, the team was weak. Sobers hit of for six sixes in an over in a County Championship game at in his first season. scored heavily in the 1970s, including nine centuries in 1971 but apart from Barry Stead, the bowling lacked penetration. Nottinghamshire enjoyed one of their strongest teams in the late seventies and early eighties when the New Zealand cricket team, New Zealand all-rounder Richard Hadlee, South African cricket team, South African captain Clive Rice and England batsman Derek Randall led the team to the County Championship in 1981. The club's most successful season came in 1987, as Rice and Hadlee marked their departure with the double of County Championship and Friends Provident Trophy, NatWest Trophy. Chris Broad (cricketer), Chris Broad and Tim Robinson (English cricketer), Tim Robinson continued the club's long tradition of batting excellence into the England team but for some years the club struggled to repeat those achievements, although they did claim a Benson & Hedges Cup in 1989 and a National League (cricket), Sunday League title in 1991 under Robinson's captaincy. Former Warwickshire off spinner Eddie Hemmings (cricketer), Eddie Hemmings made a significant contribution while local seam bowler Kevin Cooper (cricketer), Kevin Cooper was a consistent wicket taker. The following decade was one of underachievement, but in 2004, Nottinghamshire enjoyed a highly successful season, gaining promotion to both the Frizzell County Championship Division One, after winning Division Two, and also Totesport Division One. In 2005, Nottinghamshire won their first County Championship title since 1987, New Zealand's Stephen Fleming captaining the team to victory. However, the success was not sustained in 2006 and Notts were relegated by a margin of just half a point, although they had more success in the shorter formats and ended up runners-up on their debut appearance at Twenty20 Cup finals day. In 2007, Notts won promotion back to the top flight of the County Championship, finishing second in Division Two. In 2008, the first season of Chris Read's captaincy, they came close to winning both the County Championship and NatWest Pro40 outright, losing to Hampshire on the final day and Sussex on the final ball respectively. In 2010, Nottinghamshire made it to Finals Day of the Friends Provident Twenty20 Cup. Drawn against Somerset County Cricket Club, Somerset, Notts lost on the Duckworth Lewis method. However, they won the County Championship on the last day, having lost the preceding two matches, with Somerset in second place tied on points but with one less win. 2013 brought a second major trophy of the Read era with victory in the YB40 one-day competition. While further titles eluded them, Notts remained a fixture in the First Division of the Championship for the next decade under Read's long-running captaincy, also featuring a number of England players including Stuart Broad, Graeme Swann, Alex Hales, James Taylor (cricketer, born 1990), James Taylor and Samit Patel. In 2017, trophy success returned to Notts. Under the captaincy of Australian Dan Christian, they won their first T20 Blast trophy beating Birmingham Bears in the final, whilst in the same season securing the Royal London One-Day Cup with victory over Surrey. Read, by now only captaining the first-class side, retired in 2017 and was replaced as club captain by Steven Mullaney, with Christian continuing to lead the T20 side. Despite struggles in the longer game, Notts won a second T20 Blast title in 2020, beating Surrey in a rain-affected final.
Current squad* No. denotes the player's squad number, as worn on the back of his shirt. * denotes players with international caps. * denotes a player who has been awarded a Cricket cap#First-class cricket, county cap.
Former playersThe players with over 400 first-class appearances for the club are: * George Gunn 583 (1902-32) * Wilfred Payton, Wilf Payton 489 (1905-31) * John Gunn 489 (1896-1925) * Thomas Oates, Tom Oates 420 (1897-1925) * Arthur Carr 416 (1910-34) * Joe Hardstaff Jr 408 (1930-55) * Willis Walker 405 (1913-37) The players with over 600 total club appearances (first-class, list A and twenty20; reflecting the introduction of one day county cricket in 1963) are: * Derek Randall 800 (1971-93) * Paul Johnson (cricketer), Paul Johnson 748 (1981-2002) * Tim Robinson (English cricketer), Tim Robinson 742 (1978-99) * Chris Read 703 (1998-2017) * Basher Hassan 614 (1966-85) * Bruce French (cricketer), Bruce French 603 (1976-95)
Club captainsA full list of captains of the club from its formation to the present day:
Team totals*Highest total for – 791 v. Essex County Cricket Club, Essex, County Cricket Ground, Chelmsford, Chelmsford, 2007 *Highest total against – 781/7 dec by Northamptonshire, Northampton, 1995 *Lowest total for – 13 v. Yorkshire, Nottingham, 1901 *Lowest total against – 16 by Derbyshire, Nottingham, 1879
Batting*Highest score – 312not out, * W. W. Keeton v. Middlesex, The Oval, 1939 *Most runs in season – 2,620 W. W. Whysall, 1929
Highest partnership for each wicket*1st – 406not out, * D. J. Bicknell and G. E. Welton v. Warwickshire, Birmingham, 2000 *2nd – 398 A Shrewsbury and W. Gunn v. Sussex, Nottingham, 1890 *3rd – 367 W. Gunn and J. R. Gunn v. Leicestershire, Nottingham, 1903 *4th – 361 A. O. Jones and J. R. Gunn v. Essex, Leyton, 1905 *5th – 359 D. J. Hussey and C. M. W. Read v. Essex, Nottingham, 2007 *6th – 372not out, * K. P. Pietersen and J. E. Morris v. Derbyshire, Derby, 2001 *7th – 301 C. C. Lewis and B. N. French v. Durham, Chester-le-Street, 1993 *8th – 220 G. F. H. Heane and R. Winrow v. Somerset, Nottingham, 1935 *9th – 170 Jimmy Adams, J. C. Adams and Kevin Evans (cricketer), K. P. Evans v. Somerset, Taunton, 1994 *10th – 152 Ted Alletson, E. B. Alletson and W. Riley v. Sussex, Hove, 1911
Bowling*Best bowling – 10/66 Kenneth Smales, K. Smales v. Gloucestershire, Stroud, 1956 *Best match bowling – 17/89 F. C. L. Matthews v. Northamptonshire, Nottingham, 1923 *Wickets in season – 181 B. Dooland, 1954
First XI honours* (6) – 1907 English cricket season, 1907, 1929 English cricket season, 1929, 1981 English cricket season, 1981, 1987 English cricket season, 1987, 2005 County Championship, 2005, 2010 County Championship, 2010 :''Division Two'' (1) – 2004 County Championship, 2004 * Friends Provident Trophy, Gillette/NatWest/C&G Trophy (1) – 1987 NatWest Trophy, 1987 * Pro40, Sunday/National League (1) – 1991 Refuge Assurance League, 1991 * Benson & Hedges Cup (1) – 1989 * YB40 (1) – 2013 * Royal London One-Day Cup (1) – 2017 * T20 Blast (2) – 2017, 2020
Second XI honours* Second XI Championship (3) – 1972, 1985, 2015 * Second XI Championship, Second XI Trophy (1) – 2011
See also* List of Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club grounds