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North-Western Rhodesia, in south central Africa, was a territory administered from 1891 until 1899 under charter by the
British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was charteredChartered may refer to: * Charter, a legal document conferring rights or privileges ** University charter ** Chartered company * Chartered (professional), a professional credential * ...
. In 1890 the British South Africa Company signed a treaty with King
Lewanika Lewanika (1842–1916) (also known as Lubosi, Lubosi Lewanika or Lewanika I) was the Lozi Litunga The Litunga of Barotseland (now in Zambia) is the king of the Barotse people. The ''Litunga'' resides near the Zambezi River and the town of Mongu ...
of the
Barotse Lozi people, or Barotse, are a Southern Africa, southern African ethnic group who speak Lozi or Silozi, a Sotho-Tswana language. The Lozi people consist of more than 46 different ethnic groups and are primarily situated in western Zambia, inhabiti ...
, one of the most powerful traditional rulers in the territory. The treaty did not confer protectorate status on the territory, as only the
British government ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick , image = HM Government logo.svg , image_size=220px, date_established = , state = United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, comm ...
could confer that status. Nonetheless, the charter gave the territory protection. The territory consisted of the western half of present-day Zambia up to the
Kafue River The Kafue River is the longest river lying wholly within Zambia at about long. Its water is used for irrigation Irrigation is the agricultural Agriculture is the practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the ke ...
, its border with North-Eastern Rhodesia. Later the border between the two chartered territories was moved east, but the distinction did not have any great implications. In 1899 North-Western Rhodesia was amalgamated with
Barotseland Barotseland ( Lozi: Mubuso Bulozi) is a Kingdom between Namibia Namibia (, ), officially the Republic of Namibia, is a country in Southern Africa Southern Africa is the south South is one of the cardinal directions or compass p ...

Barotseland
to form
Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia was a United Kingdom, British protectorate in southern Africa, south central Africa formed in 1899. It encompassed North-Western Rhodesia and Barotseland. The protectorate was Company rule in Rhodesia, administ ...
, an official British protectorate.''Commonwealth and Colonial Law'' by
Kenneth Roberts-Wray Sir Kenneth Owen Roberts-Wray, GCMG The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British founded on 28 April 1818 by , later , while he was acting as regent for his father, . It is named in honour of two , and . Th ...
, London, Stevens, 1966. P. 753
In 1911 Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia was amalgamated with
North-Eastern Rhodesia North-Eastern Rhodesia was a British protectorate in southern Africa, south central Africa formed in 1900.North-Eastern Rhodesia Order in Council, 1900 The protectorate was Company rule in Rhodesia, administered under charter by the British South ...
to form
Northern Rhodesia Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in southern Africa, south central Africa, formed in 1911 by Amalgamation (politics), amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia.''Commonwealth ...
. Today this is the
Republic of Zambia Zambia (), officially the Republic of Zambia (Bemba language, Bemba:'' Icalo ca Zambia''; Tonga language (Zambia and Zimbabwe), Tonga: ''Cisi ca Zambia''; Lozi language, Lozi: ''Naha ya Zambia''; Chewa language, Nyanja: ''Dziko la Zambia''), ...
.


See also

*
British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was charteredChartered may refer to: * Charter, a legal document conferring rights or privileges ** University charter ** Chartered company * Chartered (professional), a professional credential * ...
*
Company rule in Rhodesia The British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC or BSACo) was charteredChartered may refer to: * Charter, a legal document conferring rights or privileges ** University charter ** Chartered company * Chartered (profes ...
* Rhodesia (name) *
Northern Rhodesia Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in southern Africa, south central Africa, formed in 1911 by Amalgamation (politics), amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia.''Commonwealth ...


References

{{Zambia topics Northern Rhodesia British South Africa Company Former British colonies and protectorates in Africa History of Rhodesia History of Zambia States and territories established in 1891 States and territories disestablished in 1899 1891 establishments in Africa 1899 disestablishments in Africa 1891 establishments in the British Empire 1899 disestablishments in the British Empire