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The New York Yankees are an American professional
baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding team, called the pi ...

baseball
team based in the
New York City borough New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2019 population of 8,336,817 distributed over about , New York C ...
of
the Bronx The Bronx () is a borough of New York City New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. Each borough is coextensive with a respective Administrative divisions of New York (state)#Count ...
. The Yankees compete in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in the National League (NL) and 15 in the Ame ...
(MLB) as a member club of the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League (original), Western Leag ...
(AL) East division. They are one of two major league clubs based in New York City, the other being the
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
's (NL)
New York Mets The New York Mets are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
. The Yankees began play in the season as the Baltimore Orioles (no relation to the modern
Baltimore Orioles The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player ...

Baltimore Orioles
). In 1903, Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchased the franchise after it ceased operations and moved it to New York City, renaming the club the New York Highlanders. The Highlanders were officially renamed the New York Yankees in . The team is owned by
Yankee Global Enterprises Yankee Global Enterprises, LLC, formerly YankeeNets, LLC, is an American limited liability company A limited liability company (LLC) is the United States of America, US-specific form of a private limited company. It is a business structure th ...
, an LLC that is controlled by the family of the late
George Steinbrenner George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930July 13, 2010) was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization a ...
, who purchased the team in 1973.
Brian Cashman Brian McGuire Cashman (born July 3, 1967) is an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
is the team's general manager, and
Aaron Boone Aaron John Boone (born March 9, 1973) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played ...

Aaron Boone
is the team's field manager. The team's home games were played at the original Yankee Stadium from 1923 to 1973 and from 1976 to 2008. In 1974 and 1975, the Yankees shared
Shea Stadium Shea Stadium (; formally known as William A. Shea Municipal Stadium) was a multi-purpose stadium A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or s ...

Shea Stadium
with the Mets, in addition to the
New York Jets The New York Jets are a professional American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangula ...
and the
New York Giants The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area. The Giants compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) NFC East, East ...

New York Giants
. In 2009, they moved into a
new ballpark of the same name
new ballpark of the same name
that was constructed adjacent to the previous facility, which was closed and demolished. The team is perennially among the leaders in
MLB attendance Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada. A total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball: 15 teams in the National L ...
. Arguably the most successful professional sports team in the United States, the Yankees have won 19 American League East Division titles, 40 American League pennants, and 27 World Series championships, all of which are MLB records. The team has won more titles than any other franchise in the four major North American sports leagues - after briefly trailing the NHL's Montreal Canadiens by one or two titles in the 1990s. The Yankees have had 44 players and 11 managers inducted into the
National Baseball Hall of Fame The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is a history museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is a building or institution that Preservation (library and archival science), cares for and displays a collection (artwo ...
, including
Babe Ruth George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935. Nicknamed "The Bambino" and "The Su ...

Babe Ruth
,
Lou Gehrig Henry Louis Gehrig (born Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig; June 19, 1903June 2, 1941) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven ga ...

Lou Gehrig
,
Joe DiMaggio Joseph Paul DiMaggio (November 25, 1914 – March 8, 1999), nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees. Born to ...
,
Mickey Mantle Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career (1951–1968) with the New York Yanke ...

Mickey Mantle
,
Yogi Berra Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra (May 12, 1925 – September 22, 2015) was an American professional baseball catcher, who later took on the roles of Manager (baseball), manager and Coach (baseball), coach. He played 19 seasons in Major League Basebal ...

Yogi Berra
,
Whitey Ford Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford (October 21, 1928 – October 8, 2020), nicknamed "The Chairman of the Board", was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams ...
,
Mariano Rivera Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969) is a Panamanian-American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. ...
, and
Derek Jeter Derek Sanderson Jeter ( ; born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop, businessman, and baseball executive. He has been the chief executive officer (CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball ...
, with Rivera and Jeter having the two highest vote percentages of all Hall of Fame members. According to ''
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family The Forbes family is one of the Boston Brahmins—a wealthy extended American family long prominent in Boston, Massachusett ...

Forbes
'', the Yankees are the second-highest valued sports franchise in the United States and the second in the world, with an estimated value of approximately $5 billion. The team has garnered enormous popularity and a dedicated fanbase, as well as widespread enmity from fans of other MLB teams. The team's
rivalry A rivalry is the state of two people or groups engaging in a lasting competitive relationship. Rivalry is the "against each other" spirit between two competing sides. The relationship itself may also be called "a rivalry", and each participant or ...
with the
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
is one of the most well-known rivalries in North American sports. From 1903 to 2021, the Yankees' overall win-loss record is 10,503–7,937 (a winning percentage).


History


1901–1902: Origins in Baltimore

In 1900,
Ban Johnson Byron Bancroft "Ban" Johnson (January 5, 1864 – March 28, 1931) was an American executive in professional baseball who served as the founder and first president of the American League (AL). Johnson developed the AL—a descendant of th ...

Ban Johnson
, the president of a
minor league Minor leagues are professional sports leagues A sports league is a group of sports teams or individual athletes that compete against each other and gain points in a specific sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive ph ...
known as the Western League (1894–1899), changed the Western League name to the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized bas ...
(AL) and asked the National League to classify it as a major league. Johnson held that his league would operate in friendly terms with the National League, but the National League ridiculed the plan. Johnson declared official major league status for his league in 1901. Plans to add a team in New York City were blocked by the NL's
New York Giants The New York Giants are a professional American football team based in the New York metropolitan area. The Giants compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) NFC East, East ...
. A team was instead placed in
Baltimore Baltimore ( , locally: ) is the most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city, as not all cities in all jurisdictions are classified using the same criteria. Cities may be defined as the city prop ...

Baltimore
, Maryland, in 1901 named the Orioles. Between 1901 and 1903, many players and coaches on the Orioles roster jumped to the Giants. In early 1903, the two leagues decided to settle their disputes and try to co-exist. At a conference, Johnson requested that an AL team be put in New York, to play alongside the NL's Giants. It was put to a vote, and 15 of the 16 major league owners agreed on it. The Orioles' new owners,
Frank J. Farrell Frank J. Farrell (c. 1866 – February 10, 1926) was an American baseball executive. He and William S. Devery were the first owners of the New York Highlanders (now New York Yankees). They purchased the Baltimore Orioles on January 9, 1903 fo ...
and moved the team to New York in 1903.


1903–1912: Move to New York and the Highlanders years

The team's new ballpark,
Hilltop Park Hilltop Park was the nickname of a baseball park A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a stadium, venue where baseball is played. A baseball park consists of the baseball field, playing field and the surrounding spectator se ...

Hilltop Park
(formally known as "American League Park"), was constructed in one of
Upper Manhattan Upper Manhattan, called "Uptown", is the most northern region of the New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from , or NYC for short, is the in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distribut ...
's highest points—between 165th and 168th Streets. The team was named the New York Highlanders. Fans believed the name was chosen because of the team's elevated location in Upper Manhattan, or as a nod to team president Joseph Gordon's Scottish-Irish heritage (the
Gordon Highlanders The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry Line infantry was the type of infantry Infantry is an army specialization whose military personnel, personnel engage in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and ...
were a well known Scottish military unit). Initially, the team was commonly referred to as the New York Americans. The team was also referred to as the "Invaders" in the Evening Journal. ''
New York Press ''New York Press'' was a free alternative weeklyAn alternative newspaper is a type of newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in b ...
'' Sports Editor Jim Price coined the unofficial nickname Yankees (or "Yanks") for the club as early as 1904, because it was easier to fit in headlines. The Highlanders finished second in the AL in 1904, 1906, and 1910. In 1904, they lost the deciding game to the
Boston Americans The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. Founded in as one of the Ameri ...
, who later became the Boston Red Sox. That year, Highlander pitcher
Jack Chesbro John Dwight Chesbro (June 5, 1874 – November 6, 1931) was an American professional baseball pitcher. Nicknamed "Happy Jack", Chesbro played for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1899–1902), the New York Highlanders (1903–1909), and the Boston Red Sox ...
set the single-season wins record at 41. At this time there was no formal World Series agreement wherein the AL and NL winners would play each other.


1913–1922: New owners, a new home, and a new name: Years at the Polo Grounds

The original
Polo Grounds The Polo Grounds was the name of three stadiums in Upper Manhattan, New York City, used mainly for professional baseball and American football from 1880 through 1963. The original Polo Grounds, opened in 1876 and demolished in 1889, was built f ...
burned down in 1911 and the Highlanders shared Hilltop Park with the Giants during a two-month renovation period. Later, from 1913 to 1922, the Highlanders shared the Polo Grounds with the Giants. While playing at the Polo Grounds, the name "Highlanders" fell into disuse among the press. In 1913 the team became officially known as the New York Yankees. By the middle of the decade, Yankees owners Farrell and Devery had become estranged and in need of money. At the start of 1915, they sold the team to Colonel
Jacob Ruppert Jacob Ruppert Jr. (August 5, 1867 – January 13, 1939) was an American brewing, brewer, businessman, United States National Guard, National Guard colonel (United States), colonel and politician who served for four terms representing New York (st ...
, a brewer, and Captain
Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston Tillinghast L'Hommedieu Huston (July 17, 1867 – March 29, 1938), popularly known as Cap Huston, was an American civil engineer A civil engineer is a person who practices civil engineering Civil engineering is a Regulation and licensure in ...
, a contractor-engineer.


1923–1935: Sluggers and the Stadium: Ruth, Gehrig, and Murderer's Row

In the years around 1920, the Yankees, the Red Sox, and the
Chicago White Sox The Chicago White Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Chicago. The White Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League Central, Central division. The team is owned ...

Chicago White Sox
had a
détente and Raúl Castro Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz (; ; born 3 June 1931) is a Cuban retired politician who served as the first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, the most senior position in the one-party A one-party state, single-part ...
. The trades between the three ball clubs antagonized Ban Johnson and garnered the teams the nickname "The Insurrectos". This détente paid off well for the Yankees as they increased their payroll. Most new players who later contributed to the team's success came from the Red Sox, whose owner,
Harry Frazee Harry Herbert Frazee (June 29, 1880 – June 4, 1929) was an American theatrical agent, Theatrical producer, producer and Theatre director, director, and owner of the Major League Baseball Boston Red Sox from 1916 to 1923. He is well known for se ...
, was trading them for large sums of money to finance his theatrical productions. Pitcher-turned-outfielder
Babe Ruth George Herman "Babe" Ruth Jr. (February 6, 1895 – August 16, 1948) was an American professional baseball player whose career in Major League Baseball (MLB) spanned 22 seasons, from 1914 through 1935. Nicknamed "The Bambino" and "The Su ...

Babe Ruth
was the most talented of all the acquisitions from Boston, and the outcome of that trade would haunt the Red Sox for the next 86 years, a span in which the team did not win a single World Series championship. This phenomenon eventually became known as the
Curse of the Bambino , also known as "The Bambino," as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox in The Curse of the Bambino was a superstitious Sports-related curses, sports curse evolving from List of Major League Baseball franchise postseason droughts, the failure of Ma ...
as the failure of the Red Sox and the success of the Yankees seemed almost supernatural, and seemed to stem from that one trade. However, it was not until 1990 when
Dan Shaughnessy Dan Shaughnessy (born July 20, 1953) is an American sports writer. He has covered the Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two ...
of ''
The Boston Globe ''The Boston Globe'' is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a periodical Periodical literature (also called a periodical publication or simply a periodical) is a category of Serial (publishing), serial published, publications that ...

The Boston Globe
'' wrote a book with the same title that the curse was publicized. Ruth's multitude of home runs proved so popular that the Yankees began drawing more people than their National League counterpart, the Giants. In 1921 — the year after acquiring Ruth — the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
played in their first World Series. They competed against the
Giants A giant In folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition A tradition is a belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, o ...
, and all eight games of the series were played in the Polo Grounds. After the 1922 season, the Yankees were told to move out of the Polo Grounds. Giants manager
John McGraw John Joseph McGraw (April 7, 1873 – February 25, 1934) was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of ...
was said to have commented that the Yankees should "move to some out-of-the-way place, like Queens", but they instead broke ground for a new ballpark in
the Bronx The Bronx () is a borough of New York City New York City is composed of five boroughs: The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. Each borough is coextensive with a respective Administrative divisions of New York (state)#Count ...
, right across the
Harlem River The Harlem River is an tidal strait A tidal strait is technically not a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ...
from the Polo Grounds. In 1922, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
returned to the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
again and were dealt a second defeat at the hands of the
Giants A giant In folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition A tradition is a belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, o ...
. Manager
Miller Huggins Miller James Huggins (March 27, 1878 – September 25, 1929) was an American professional baseball player and manager (baseball), manager. Huggins played second baseman, second base for the Cincinnati Reds (1904–1909) and St. Louis Cardi ...
and general manager
Ed Barrow Edward Grant Barrow (May 10, 1868 – December 15, 1953) was an American manager Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is ...
were important newcomers in this period. The hiring of Huggins by Ruppert in 1918 caused a rift between the owners that eventually led to Ruppert buying Huston out in 1923. In 1923, the Yankees moved to their new home,
Yankee Stadium Yankee Stadium is a baseball park A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a stadium, venue where baseball is played. A baseball park consists of the baseball field, playing field and the surrounding spectator seating. While ...
, which took 11 months to build and cost $2.5 million. The team announced that 99,200 fans showed up on Opening Day and 25,000 were turned away. In the first game at Yankee Stadium, Ruth hit a home run. The stadium was nicknamed "The House That Ruth Built", due mainly to the fact that Ruth had doubled Yankees' attendance, which helped the team pay for the new stadium. At the end of the season, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
faced the
Giants A giant In folklore Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the tradition A tradition is a belief A belief is an Attitude (psychology), attitude that something is the case, o ...
in the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
for the third straight year and won their first championship. In the 1927
season A season is a division of the year based on changes in weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμός ''(atmos)'', meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα ''(sphaira)'', meaning 'ball' or ...
, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
featured a lineup that became known as "
Murderers' Row Murderers' Row were the baseball teams of the New York Yankees in the late 1920s, widely considered some of the best teams in history. The nickname is in particular describing the first six hitters in the 1927 New York Yankees season, 1927 team ...
", and some consider this team to be the best in the history of baseball (though similar claims have been made for other Yankee squads, notably those of 1939, 1961 and 1998). That season, the Yankees became the first team in baseball to occupy first place every day of the season, winning 110 games. The team also swept the
Pittsburgh Pirates The Pittsburgh Pirates are an American professional baseball team based in Pittsburgh. The Pirates compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division. Founded as part of ...
in the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
. Ruth's home run total of 60 in 1927 set a single-season home run record that stood until it was broken by
Roger Maris Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American professional baseball right fielder. He is best known for setting a new Major League Baseball (MLB) single-season home run record with 61 home runs in 1961; the record ...
in 1961, although Maris had eight additional games in which to break the record. Meanwhile, first baseman
Lou Gehrig Henry Louis Gehrig (born Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig; June 19, 1903June 2, 1941) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven ga ...

Lou Gehrig
had his first big season, batting .373 with 47 home runs and 175 runs batted in (RBI), beating Ruth's single-season RBI mark (which he had set in 1921). The Yankees won the World Series again in 1928. In 1931, Joe McCarthy was hired as manager and brought the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
back to the top of the AL. They swept the
Chicago Cubs The Chicago Cubs are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on ...
in the
1932 World Series The 1932 World Series was a four-game sweep by the American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB ...
, and brought the team's streak of consecutive World Series game wins to 12. This series was made famous by Babe Ruth's " Called Shot" in game three of the series at
Wrigley Field Wrigley Field is a baseball park A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a stadium, venue where baseball is played. A baseball park consists of the baseball field, playing field and the surrounding spectator seating. While ...

Wrigley Field
, a fitting "swan song" to his illustrious World Series career. In 1935, Ruth left the Yankees to join the NL's Boston Braves, and he made his last major league baseball appearance on May 30 of that year.


1936–1951: Joltin' Joe DiMaggio

After Ruth left the Yankees following the 1934 season, Gehrig finally had a chance to take center stage, but it was only one year before a new star appeared,
Joe DiMaggio Joseph Paul DiMaggio (November 25, 1914 – March 8, 1999), nicknamed "Joltin' Joe" and "The Yankee Clipper", was an American baseball center fielder who played his entire 13-year career in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees. Born to ...
. The team won an unprecedented four straight World Series titles from 1936 to 1939. For most of 1939, however, they had to do it without Gehrig, who took himself out of the lineup on May 2 and retired due to
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS; also known as Lou Gehrig's disease in Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the A ...
, which was later known as "Lou Gehrig's Disease" in his memory. The Yankees declared July 4, 1939 to be "Lou Gehrig Day", on which they retired his number 4, the first
retired number Retiring the number A number is a mathematical object used to counting, count, measurement, measure, and nominal number, label. The original examples are the natural numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and so forth. Numbers can be represented in language with ...
in baseball. Gehrig made a famous speech in which he declared himself to be "the luckiest man on the face of the earth." He died two years later on June 2, 1941. The 1941 season was often described as the last year of the "Golden Era" before the United States entered World War II and other realities intervened. It was a thrilling year as America watched two major events unfold:
Ted Williams Theodore Samuel Williams (August 30, 1918 – July 5, 2002) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fieldi ...

Ted Williams
of the Red Sox hitting for the elusive .400 batting average and Joe DiMaggio getting hits in consecutive ballgames. By the end of his
hitting streak In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding team, c ...
, DiMaggio hit in 56 consecutive games, the current major league record and one often deemed unbreakable. Two months after the Yankees beat the
Brooklyn Dodgers The Brooklyn Dodgers were founded a Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specif ...
in the
1941 World Series The 1941 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the Brooklyn Dodgers, with the Yankees winning in five games to capture their fifth title in six years, and their ninth overall. The name " Subway Series" arose for a World Series play ...
—the first of seven October meetings between the two crosstown rivals before the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles—the United States naval fleet was attacked at
Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor is an American lagoon File:Kara-Bogaz Gol from space, September 1995.jpg, Garabogazköl, Garabogaz-Göl lagoon in Turkmenistan A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by a narrow landform, su ...

Pearl Harbor
by the Empire of Japan, and many of their best players, including DiMaggio, entered the military during World War II. The Yankees still managed to pull out a win against the
St. Louis Cardinals The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, ...
in the 1943 World Series. In 1945 construction magnate
Del Webb Delbert Eugene Webb (May 17, 1899 – July 4, 1974) was an American real estate developer, and a co-owner of the New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-an ...
and partners
Dan Topping Daniel Reid Topping (June 11, 1912 – May 18, 1974) was a part owner and President (corporate title), president of the New York Yankees baseball team from 1945 to 1964. During Topping's tenure as chief executive of the Yankees, the team won 14 ...
and
Larry MacPhail Leland Stanford "Larry" MacPhail Sr. (February 3, 1890 – October 1, 1975) was an American lawyer and an executive in Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of th ...
purchased the team from the Ruppert estate for $2.8 million; MacPhail was bought out in 1947. After a few slumping seasons, McCarthy was fired early in 1946. A few interim managers later,
Bucky Harris Stanley Raymond "Bucky" Harris (November 8, 1896 – November 8, 1977) was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team o ...
took the job, righting the ship and taking the Yankees to a hard-fought
series Series may refer to: People with the name * Caroline Series (born 1951), English mathematician, daughter of George Series * George Series (1920–1995), English physicist Arts, entertainment, and media Music * Series, the ordered sets used i ...
victory against the
Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
. Despite finishing only three games behind the
Cleveland Indians The Cleveland Guardians are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
in the 1948 pennant race, Harris was relieved of his duties and replaced by
Casey Stengel Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel (; July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975) was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , ...
, who had a reputation of being a clown and managing bad teams. His tenure as Yankees' field manager, however, was marked with success. The "underdog" Yankees came from behind to catch and surprise a powerful
Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. Founded in as one of the Amer ...
team on the last two days of the 1949 season, a face-off that fueled the beginning of the modern
Yankees–Red Sox rivalry The Yankees–Red Sox rivalry is a Major League Baseball (MLB) Major League Baseball rivalries, rivalry between the New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox. Both teams have competed in MLB's American League (AL) for over 100 seasons and have since ...
. By this time, however, DiMaggio's career was winding down, and the "Yankee Clipper" retired after the 1951 season. This year marked the arrival of the "Oklahoma Kid",
Mickey Mantle Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career (1951–1968) with the New York Yanke ...

Mickey Mantle
, who was one of several new stars to fill the gap.


1951–1959: Stengel's Squad

Bettering the clubs managed by Joe McCarthy, the Yankees won the World Series five consecutive times from – under Stengel, which remains an MLB record. Led by players like center fielder
Mickey Mantle Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career (1951–1968) with the New York Yanke ...

Mickey Mantle
, pitcher
Whitey Ford Edward Charles "Whitey" Ford (October 21, 1928 – October 8, 2020), nicknamed "The Chairman of the Board", was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams ...
, and catcher
Yogi Berra Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra (May 12, 1925 – September 22, 2015) was an American professional baseball catcher, who later took on the roles of Manager (baseball), manager and Coach (baseball), coach. He played 19 seasons in Major League Basebal ...

Yogi Berra
, Stengel's teams won ten pennants and seven World Series titles in his 12 seasons as the Yankees manager. The title was the only one of those five championships not to be won against either the New York Giants or Brooklyn Dodgers; it was won in four straight games against the
Whiz Kids Whiz Kids, or variants, may refer to: * Whiz kid, a child prodigy, a child who produces meaningful output in some domain to the level of an adult expert performer Film, television and games * Wiz Kid, Taki Matsuya, a fictional mutant character ...
of the
Philadelphia Phillies The Philadelphia Phillies are an American professional baseball team based in Philadelphia. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the National League (NL) National League East, East division. Since 2004, the team's home sta ...
. In 1954, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
won 103 games, but the
Cleveland Indians The Cleveland Guardians are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
took the pennant with a then-AL record 111 wins; 1954 was famously referred to as ''The Year the Yankees Lost the Pennant''. In , the
Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
finally beat the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
in the World Series, after five previous Series losses to them. The Yankees came back strong the next year. In Game 5 of the
1956 World Series The 1956 World Series of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 t ...
against the
Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
, pitcher
Don Larsen Don James Larsen (August 7, 1929 – January 1, 2020) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
threw the only perfect game in World Series history, which remains the only perfect game in postseason play and the only postseason
no-hitter In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding t ...
until 2010. The
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
lost the
1957 World Series The 1957 World Series featured the defending champion New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the Boroughs of New York City, New York City borough of the Bronx. The Yankees compete in Major ...
to the
Milwaukee Braves The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
when
Lew Burdette Selva Lewis Burdette, Jr. (November 22, 1926 – February 6, 2007) was an American right-handed starting pitcher in Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the ma ...
incredibly won three games for the Braves. Following the Series, the New York Giants and the Brooklyn Dodgers both left for San Francisco and Los Angeles, respectively. This left the Yankees as New York's only baseball team. In the
1958 World Series The 1958 World Series was a rematch of the 1957 World Series. The New York Yankees defeated the defending champion Milwaukee Braves in seven games for their 18th title, and their seventh in 10 years. With that victory, the Yankees became only the ...
, the Yankees got their revenge against the Braves and became the second team to win the Series after being down 3–1. For the decade, the Yankees won six World Series championships (1950, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1956, 1958) and eight American League pennants (those six plus 1955 and 1957). Led by Mantle, Ford, Berra,
Elston Howard Elston Gene Howard (February 23, 1929 – December 14, 1980) was an American professional baseball player who was a catcher and a left fielder. During a 14-year baseball career, he played in the Negro league baseball, Negro leagues and Major Leagu ...
(the Yankees' first African-American player), and the newly acquired
Roger Maris Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American professional baseball right fielder. He is best known for setting a new Major League Baseball (MLB) single-season home run record with 61 home runs in 1961; the record ...
, the Yankees entered the 1960s seeking to replicate their success of the 1950s.


1960–1964: Mantle and Maris

Arnold Johnson, owner of the
Kansas City Athletics The history of the Athletics Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team ...
, was a longtime business associate of then-Yankees co-owners
Del Webb Delbert Eugene Webb (May 17, 1899 – July 4, 1974) was an American real estate developer, and a co-owner of the New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-an ...
and
Dan Topping Daniel Reid Topping (June 11, 1912 – May 18, 1974) was a part owner and President (corporate title), president of the New York Yankees baseball team from 1945 to 1964. During Topping's tenure as chief executive of the Yankees, the team won 14 ...
. Because of this "special relationship" with the Yankees, he traded young players to them in exchange for cash and aging veterans. Invariably, these trades ended up being heavily tilted in the Yankees' favor, leading to accusations that the Athletics were little more than a Yankees farm team at the major league level. Kansas City had been home to the Yankees' top farm team for almost 20 years before the Athletics moved there from Philadelphia in 1954. In 1960,
Charles O. Finley Charles Oscar Finley (February 22, 1918 – February 19, 1996), nicknamed Charlie O or Charley O, was an American businessman who is best remembered for his tenure as the owner of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a pro ...
purchased the Athletics and put an end to the trades. At that point, however, the Yankees had already strengthened their supply of future prospects, which included a young outfielder named
Roger Maris Roger Eugene Maris (September 10, 1934 – December 14, 1985) was an American professional baseball right fielder. He is best known for setting a new Major League Baseball (MLB) single-season home run record with 61 home runs in 1961; the record ...
. In 1960, Maris led the league in slugging percentage, RBI, and extra-base hits. He finished second in home runs (one behind
Mickey Mantle Mickey Charles Mantle (October 20, 1931 – August 13, 1995), nicknamed The Commerce Comet and The Mick, was an American professional baseball player. Mantle played his entire Major League Baseball (MLB) career (1951–1968) with the New York Yanke ...

Mickey Mantle
) and total bases, and won a
Gold Glove The Rawlings Gold Glove Award, usually referred to as simply the Gold Glove, is the award given annually to the Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major p ...
, which garnered enough votes for the American League MVP award. The year 1961 was one of the most memorable in Yankees history. Mantle and Maris hit home runs at a fast pace and became known as the "M&M Boys". Ultimately, a severe hip infection forced Mantle to leave the lineup. Maris continued though, and on October 1, the last day of the regular season, he hit home run number 61, surpassing Babe Ruth's single-season home run record of 60. However, MLB Commissioner
Ford Frick Ford Christopher Frick (December 19, 1894 – April 8, 1978) was an American sportswriter and baseball executive. After working as a teacher and as a sportswriter for the ''New York Journal-American, New York American'', he served as public relat ...

Ford Frick
(who, as it was discovered later, had ghostwritten for Babe Ruth during his career) decreed that since Maris had played in a 162-game season, and Ruth (in 1927) had played in a 154-game season, two separate records would be kept for 30 years, until MLB reversed course and Maris held the record alone. His record would be broken by
Mark McGwire Mark David McGwire (born October 1, 1963), nicknamed Big Mac, is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team o ...

Mark McGwire
, who hit 70 home runs in 1998. Maris still holds the American League record. The Yankees won the pennant with a 109–53 record and went on to defeat the
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...
in the
1961 World Series The 1961 World Series matched the New York Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the Boroughs of New York City, New York City borough of the Bronx. The Yankees compete in Major League Baseball (ML ...
. The team finished the year with a record 240 home runs. In 1962, the sports scene in New York changed when the National League added an expansion team, the
New York Mets The New York Mets are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
, who played at the Giants' former home, the
Polo Grounds The Polo Grounds was the name of three stadiums in Upper Manhattan, New York City, used mainly for professional baseball and American football from 1880 through 1963. The original Polo Grounds, opened in 1876 and demolished in 1889, was built f ...
, for two seasons while
Shea Stadium Shea Stadium (; formally known as William A. Shea Municipal Stadium) was a multi-purpose stadium A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or s ...

Shea Stadium
was under construction in nearby
Flushing, Queens Flushing is a neighborhood in the north-central portion of the New York City Borough (New York City), borough of Queens. The neighborhood is the fourth-largest central business district in New York City. Downtown Flushing, a major commercial and ...
. This restored New York as a city with more than one team, as it had been from the late 1800s until 1957. The Yankees won the
1962 World Series The 1962 World Series matched the defending American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a ...
, their tenth in the past sixteen years, defeating the
San Francisco Giants The San Francisco Giants are an American professional baseball team based in San Francisco. The Giants compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Founded in 1883 as t ...
4–3. It was the Yankees' last championship until
1977 Events January * January – The world's first all-in-one home computer (keyboard/screen/tape storage), the Commodore PET, is demonstrated at the Consumer Electronics Show in Chicago. * January 3 – Apple Inc., Apple Computer is incorpor ...

1977
. The
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
easily reached the
1963 World Series The 1963 World Series matched the two-time defending champion New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles ...
when they won the pennant by 10.5 games, but they scored only four runs in the series and were swept by the
Los Angeles Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
and their ace pitcher,
Sandy Koufax Sanford Koufax (; born Sanford Braun; December 30, 1935) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club sy ...

Sandy Koufax
. After the season, Yogi Berra, who had just retired from playing, took over managerial duties. The aging
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
returned the next year for a fifth straight World Series, but were beaten 4–3 by the
St. Louis Cardinals The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, ...
. It would be the Yankees' last World Series appearance until 1976.


1965–1972: New ownership and a steep decline

After the 1964 season,
CBS CBS is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S ...

CBS
purchased 80% of the Yankees from Topping and Webb for $11.2 million. With the new ownership, the team began to decline. The 1965 edition of the team posted a record of 77–85 — the Yankees' first losing record in 40 years. In 1966, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
finished in last place in the AL for the first time since 1912. It also marked their first consecutive losing seasons since 1917 and 1918. They finished next-to-last in
1967 Events January * January 1 – Canada begins a year-long celebration of the 100th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Confederation, featuring the Expo 67 World's Fair. * January 4 – The Doors release their début album ''The Doors ( ...
. While their fortunes improved somewhat in the late 1960s and early 1970s, they finished higher than fourth only once during CBS' ownership, in
1970 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by as a modification of th ...
. The Yankees were not able to replace their aging superstars with promising young talent, as they had consistently done in the previous five decades. As early as the 1961–62 off-season, longtime fans noticed that the pipeline of talent had started to dry up. This was worsened by the introduction of the amateur draft that year, which meant that the Yankees could no longer sign any player they wanted. While the Yankees usually drafted fairly early during this period due to their lackluster records,
Thurman Munson Thurman Lee Munson (June 7, 1947 – August 2, 1979) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
was the only pick who lived up to his billing.


1973–1981: Steinbrenner, Martin, Jackson, and Munson: the Bronx Zoo

A group of investors, led by
Cleveland Cleveland ( ), officially the City of Cleveland, is a city in the U.S. The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America North ...

Cleveland
-based shipbuilder
George Steinbrenner George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930July 13, 2010) was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization a ...
(1930–2010), purchased the club from CBS in 1973, for $8.7 million. Mike Burke stayed on as president until he quit in April. Within a year, Steinbrenner bought out most of his other partners and became the team's principal owner, although Burke continued to hold a minority share into the 1980s. One of Steinbrenner's major goals was to renovate Yankee Stadium. It had greatly deteriorated by the late 1960s, and the surrounding neighborhood had gone south as well. CBS initially suggested renovations, but the team needed to play elsewhere, and the Mets refused to open their home,
Shea Stadium Shea Stadium (; formally known as William A. Shea Municipal Stadium) was a multi-purpose stadium A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or s ...

Shea Stadium
, to the Yankees. A new stadium in the Meadowlands, across the
Hudson River The Hudson River is a river that flows from north to south primarily through eastern New York (state), New York in the United States. It originates in the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York and flows southward through the Hudson Valley ...

Hudson River
in
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ea ...
, was suggested (and was eventually built, as
Giants Stadium Giants Stadium (sometimes referred to as Giants Stadium at the Meadowlands or The Swamp) was a stadium A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field ...

Giants Stadium
, specifically for football). Finally, in mid-1972, Mayor
John Lindsay John Vliet Lindsay (; November 24, 1921 – December 19, 2000) was an American politician and lawyer. During his political career, Lindsay was a U.S. congressman, mayor of New York City, and candidate for U.S. president. He was also a regular gue ...

John Lindsay
stepped in. The city bought the stadium and began an extensive two-year renovation period. Since the city also owned Shea Stadium, the Mets were forced to allow the Yankees to play two seasons there. The renovations modernized the look of the stadium, significantly altered the dimensions, and reconfigured some of the seating. In 1973, Steinbrenner started the rule as the second MLB team with a personal appearance policy that includes being clean-shaven, with long hair slicked back or trimmed. This rule is still in effect today, and enforced by his sons after George's passing. The
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...

Cincinnati Reds
had the same personal appearance policy from 1967 until 1999. After the 1974
season A season is a division of the year based on changes in weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμός ''(atmos)'', meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα ''(sphaira)'', meaning 'ball' or ...
, Steinbrenner made a move that started the modern era of
free agency In professional sports, a free agent is a player who is eligible to sign with other clubs or Franchising, franchises; i.e., not under contract to any specific team. The term is also used in reference to a player who is under contract at present ...
, signing star pitcher
Catfish Hunter James Augustus Hunter (April 8, 1946 – September 9, 1999), nicknamed "Catfish", was a professional baseball player in Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the ...

Catfish Hunter
away from Oakland. Midway through the 1975
season A season is a division of the year based on changes in weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμός ''(atmos)'', meaning 'vapour', and σφαῖρα ''(sphaira)'', meaning 'ball' or ...
, the team hired former second baseman
Billy Martin Alfred Manuel Martin Jr. (May 16, 1928 – December 25, 1989), commonly called "Billy", was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports leagu ...

Billy Martin
as manager. With Martin at the helm, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
reached the
1976 World Series The 1976 World Series was the World Series, championship series of Major League Baseball's (MLB) 1976 Major League Baseball season, 1976 season. The 73rd edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff played between the National Leagu ...
, but were swept by the
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...
and their famed "
Big Red Machine The Big Red Machine is a nickname for the Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseba ...

Big Red Machine
." After the 1976 campaign, Steinbrenner added star Oakland outfielder
Reggie Jackson Reginald Martinez Jackson (born May 18, 1946) is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. ...

Reggie Jackson
—who had spent 1976 with the
Baltimore Orioles The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player ...

Baltimore Orioles
—to his roster. During spring training of 1977, Jackson alienated his teammates with controversial remarks about the Yankees captain, catcher
Thurman Munson Thurman Lee Munson (June 7, 1947 – August 2, 1979) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
. He had bad blood with manager Billy Martin, who had managed the
Detroit Tigers The Detroit Tigers are an American professional baseball team based in Detroit. The Tigers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the American League (AL) American League Central, Central division. One of the AL's eight charter fr ...
when Jackson's
Athletics Athletics may refer to: Sports * Sport of athletics, a collection of sporting events that involve competitive running, jumping, throwing, and walking ** Track and field, a sub-category of the above sport * Athletics (physical culture), competitio ...
defeated them in the 1972 playoffs. Jackson, Martin, and Steinbrenner repeatedly feuded with each other throughout Jackson's 5-year contract. Martin was hired and fired by Steinbrenner five times over the next 13 years. This conflict, combined with the extremely rowdy Yankees fans of the late 1970s and the bad conditions of the Bronx, led to the Yankees organization and stadium being referred to as the "Bronx Zoo." Despite the turmoil, Jackson hit four home runs in
1977 World Series The 1977 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to p ...

1977 World Series
and earned the Series MVP Award, and the nickname "Mr. October." Throughout the late 1970s, the race for the pennant was often a close competition between the Yankees and the Red Sox. On July 14, 1978, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
were games behind the
Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. Founded in as one of the Amer ...
. In late July, Martin suspended Reggie Jackson for "defiance" after he bunted while Martin had the "swing" signal on. Upon Jackson's return, Martin made a famous statement against both Jackson and owner Steinbrenner: "They deserve each other. One's a born liar; the other's convicted." Martin was forced to resign the next day and was replaced by
Bob Lemon Robert Granville Lemon (September 22, 1920 – January 11, 2000) was an American right-handed pitcher and manager (baseball), manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). Lemon was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, National Bas ...

Bob Lemon
. This came while the team was winning five games in a row and Boston was losing five in a row. The Yankees continued to win games, making up ground and by the time they met Boston for a pivotal four-game series at
Fenway Park Fenway Park is a baseball park located in Boston, Massachusetts, near Kenmore Square. Since 1912, it has been the home for the Boston Red Sox, the city's American League baseball team, and Boston Braves (baseball), since 1953, its only Major Lea ...

Fenway Park
in early September. Going into the series, the Yankees were four games behind the Red Sox. The Yankees swept the Red Sox in what became known as the "Boston Massacre," winning the games 15–3, 13–2, 7–0, and 7–4. The third game was a shutout pitched by "Louisiana Lightning"
Ron Guidry Ronald Ames Guidry (; born August 28, 1950), nicknamed "Louisiana Lightning" and "Gator", is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 14 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees. Guidry was also the pitch ...
, who led the majors with nine shutouts, a 25–3 record, and a 1.74 ERA. On the last day of the season, the two clubs finished in a tie for first place in the AL East, and a tiebreaker game was held at Fenway Park. With Guidry pitching against former Yankee
Mike Torrez Michael Augustine Torrez (born August 28, 1946) is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) starting pitcher. In an 18-season career, he pitched for the St. Louis Cardinals (1967–1971), Montreal Expos (1971–1974), Baltimore Orioles (197 ...
, the Red Sox took an early 2–0 lead. In the seventh inning, light-hitting Yankee shortstop
Bucky Dent Russell Earl "Bucky" Dent (born Russell Earl O'Dey; November 25, 1951) is an American former Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major professional sports ...
drove a three-run home run over the Fenway Park's
Green Monster The Green Monster is a popular nickname for the left field wall at Fenway Park, home to the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. The wall is from home plate and is a popular target for right-handed hitters. Overview The wall was part ...

Green Monster
, putting the Yankees up 3–2. Reggie Jackson's solo home run in the following inning sealed the eventual 5–4 win that gave the Yankees their one-hundredth win of the season and their third straight AL East title. Guidry earned his 25th win of the season. After defeating the
Kansas City Royals The Kansas City Royals are an American professional baseball team based in Kansas City, Missouri. The Royals compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League Central, Central division. The team ...
for the third consecutive year in the ALCS, the Yankees faced the
Los Angeles Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
in the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
. They lost the first two games in Los Angeles, but won all three games at Yankee Stadium and Game 6 back in Los Angeles, winning their 22nd World Championship. Changes occurred during the 1979 season. Former Cy Young Award-winning closer
Sparky Lyle Albert Walter "Sparky" Lyle (born July 22, 1944) is an American former left-handed relief pitcher who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1967 through 1982. He was a relief pitcher for the Boston Red Sox The Boston Red ...
was traded to the Texas Rangers for several players, including
Dave Righetti David Allan Righetti (born November 28, 1958) is an American professional baseball coach and former player. A left-handed pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throw ...
.
Tommy John Thomas Edward John Jr. (born May 22, 1943), nicknamed "The Bionic Man," is an American retired professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (basebal ...
was acquired from the Dodgers and
Luis Tiant Luis Clemente Tiant Vega () (born November 23, 1940) is a Cuban former Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major professional sports leagues in the Unit ...
from the Red Sox to bolster the pitching staff. During the season, Bob Lemon was replaced by
Billy Martin Alfred Manuel Martin Jr. (May 16, 1928 – December 25, 1989), commonly called "Billy", was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports leagu ...

Billy Martin
. The 1970s ended on a tragic note for the Yankees. On August 2, 1979, catcher
Thurman Munson Thurman Lee Munson (June 7, 1947 – August 2, 1979) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
died when his private plane crashed while he was practicing
touch-and-go landing In aviation Aviation is the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. ''Aircraft'' includes airplane, fixed-wing and helicopter, rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as aerostat, lig ...

touch-and-go landing
s. Four days later, the entire team flew out to
Canton Canton may refer to: Administrative division terminology * Canton (administrative division) A canton is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative r ...
, Ohio, for the funeral, despite having a game later that day against the Orioles. Martin adamantly stated that the funeral was more important and that he did not care if they made it back in time.
Bobby Murcer Bobby Ray Murcer (May 20, 1946 – July 12, 2008) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played ...

Bobby Murcer
, a close friend of Munson's, was chosen to give the eulogy at his funeral. In a nationally televised and emotional game, Murcer used Munson's bat (which he gave to his fallen friend's wife after the game), and drove in all five of the team's runs in a dramatic 5–4 walk-off victory. Before the game, Munson's locker sat empty except for his catching gear, a sad reminder for his teammates. His locker, labeled with his number 15, has remained empty in the Yankees clubhouse as a memorial. When the Yankees moved across the street, Munson's locker was torn out and installed in the new Stadium's museum. The number 15 has been retired by the team. The 1980 season brought more changes. Billy Martin was fired once again and
Dick Howser Richard Dalton Howser (May 14, 1936 – June 17, 1987) was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 tea ...
took his place.
Chris Chambliss Carroll Christopher Chambliss (born December 26, 1948) is an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is ...

Chris Chambliss
was traded to the
Toronto Blue Jays The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball, professional baseball team based in Toronto. The Blue Jays compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. The ...
for catcher
Rick Cerone Richard Aldo Cerone (born May 19, 1954) is an Americans, American former professional baseball player, television sports color commentator and minor league baseball team owner. He played in Major League Baseball as a catcher from to with the Cle ...
. Reggie Jackson hit .300 for the only time in his career with 41 homers, and finished 2nd in the MVP voting to Kansas City's
George Brett George may refer to: People * * Places South Africa * ** United States * * * * * , a former U.S. Air Force base located in California Computing * also known as 'Laning and Zierler system', an algebraic compiler by Laning and Zierler i ...
. The
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
won 103 games and the AL East by three games over the
Baltimore Orioles The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player ...
, but were swept by the Royals in the ALCS. After the season ended, the Yankees signed
Dave Winfield David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951) is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He is the special assistant to the executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. Over his 22-year career, he playe ...
to a 10-year contract. The team fired Howser and replaced him with
Gene Michael Eugene Richard Michael (June 2, 1938 – September 7, 2017), known as Stick, was an American shortstop Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball or softball fielding position between second The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the ...
. Under Michael, the Yankees led the AL East before a
strike Strike may refer to: People *Strike (surname)Strike is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: *Alice Strike (1896–2004), last surviving female Canadian military World War I veteran *Anne Wafula Strike (born 1969), British wheelcha ...
hit in June 1981. In the second half of the season, the Yankees struggled under
Bob Lemon Robert Granville Lemon (September 22, 1920 – January 11, 2000) was an American right-handed pitcher and manager (baseball), manager in Major League Baseball (MLB). Lemon was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, National Bas ...

Bob Lemon
, who replaced Michael. Thanks to the split-season playoff format, the Yankees faced the second-half winner
Milwaukee Brewers The Milwaukee Brewers are an American professional baseball team based in Milwaukee. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division. The Brewers are named for t ...
in the special 1981 American League Division Series. After defeating Milwaukee 3–2, they swept the
Oakland Athletics The Oakland Athletics (often referred to as the A's) are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
in a three-game ALCS. In the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
, the Yankees won the first two games against the
Los Angeles Dodgers The Los Angeles Dodgers are an American professional baseball team based in Los Angeles. The Dodgers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Established in 1883 i ...
. But the Dodgers fought back to win the next four games to claim the World Series title.


1982–1995: Struggles during the Mattingly years

Following the team's loss to the Dodgers in the 1981 World Series, the Yankees began their longest absence from the playoffs since 1921. Following the example set by the
St. Louis Cardinals The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, ...
and the
Big Red Machine The Big Red Machine is a nickname for the Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseba ...

Big Red Machine
, Steinbrenner announced his plan to transform the Yankees from the "Bronx Bombers" into the "Bronx Burners," increasing the Yankees' ability to win games based on speed and defense instead of "waiting around for a 3 run home run." As a first step towards this end, the Yankees signed
Dave Collins David S. Collins (born October 20, 1952) is a former outfielder An outfielder is a person playing in one of the three defensive positions in baseball or softball, farthest from the batter. These defenders are the left fielder, the center field ...
from the
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...

Cincinnati Reds
during the 1981 off-season. Collins was traded to the Toronto Blue Jays after the 1982 season in a deal that also included future All-Stars
Fred McGriff Frederick Stanley McGriff (born October 31, 1963) is an American former professional baseball first baseman, who played for six Major League Baseball (MLB) teams from 1986 through 2004. A power-hitting first baseman, he became a five-time All ...

Fred McGriff
and Mike Morgan. In return the Yankees got Dale Murray and Tom Dodd. The Yankees of the 1980s were led by All-Star first baseman
Don Mattingly Donald Arthur Mattingly (born April 20, 1961) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It i ...

Don Mattingly
. In spite of accumulating the most total wins of any major league team, they failed to win a World Series (the 1980s were the first decade since the 1910s in which the Yankees did not win at least two Series) and had only two playoff appearances. Although they consistently had a powerful offense —Mattingly at various times was teammate to
Dave Winfield David Mark Winfield (born October 3, 1951) is an American former Major League Baseball (MLB) right fielder. He is the special assistant to the executive director of the Major League Baseball Players Association. Over his 22-year career, he playe ...
(whom Mattingly battled for the AL batting title through most of the 1984 season),
Rickey Henderson Rickey Nelson Henley Henderson (born December 25, 1958) is an American retired professional baseball left fielder who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for nine teams from 1979 to 2003, including four separate tenures with his original team ...
,
Don Baylor Don Edward Baylor (June 28, 1949 – August 7, 2017) was an American professional baseball player and manager. During his 19 seasons in (MLB), Baylor was a power hitter known for standing very close to ("crowding the plate") and was a , , and . ...
, Ken Griffey, Sr.,
Mike Pagliarulo Michael Timothy Pagliarulo, a.k.a. "Pags" (born March 15, 1960), is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or c ...
,
Steve Sax Stephen Louis Sax (born January 29, 1960) is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The gam ...
, and
Jesse Barfield Jesse Lee Barfield (born October 29, 1959) is a former Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canad ...
, and the Yankees led MLB in runs scored for the decade — the Yankees teams of the 1980s lacked sufficient starting pitching to win a championship. After posting a 22–6 record in 1985, arm problems caught up with Guidry, and his performance declined over the next three years. Of the remaining mainstays of the Yankees' rotation, only
Dave Righetti David Allan Righetti (born November 28, 1958) is an American professional baseball coach and former player. A left-handed pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throw ...
stood out, pitching a
no-hitter In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding t ...
on July 4, 1983, but he was moved to the bullpen the next year where he helped to define the closer role. Despite the Yankees' lack of pitching success during the 1980s, they had three of the premier pitchers of the early 1990s on their roster during these years in
Al Leiter Alois Terry Leiter (; born October 23, 1965) is an American former professional baseball left-handed starting pitcher 200px, Chris Young warms up in the bullpen before a game at Wrigley Field minutes before the 12:05 start (see scoreboard clock ...
, Doug Drabek and
José Rijo José Antonio Rijo Abreu (born May 13, 1965) is a Dominican Republic, Dominican former pitcher in Major League Baseball (MLB) who spent the majority of his career with the Cincinnati Reds (1988–1995 and 2001–2002). Originally signed by the Ne ...
. All were mismanaged and dealt away before they could reach their full potential, with only Rijo returning much value – he was traded to the Oakland A's in the deal that brought Henderson to New York. The team came close to winning the AL East in
1985 The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year The year 1985 was proclaimed by the United Nations as the International Youth Year (IYY). It was held to focus attention on issues of concern to and relating to youth. The proclama ...
and 1986, finishing second to the
Toronto Blue Jays The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian professional baseball, professional baseball team based in Toronto. The Blue Jays compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. The ...
and
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
, respectively, but fell to fourth place in
1987 Events January * January 2 – Chadian–Libyan conflict – Battle of Fada: The Military of Chad, Chadian army destroys a Libyan armoured brigade. * January 3 – Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall o ...
and fifth in
1988 1988 was a crucial year in the early history of the Internet—it was the year of the first well-known computer virus, the Morris worm, 1988 Internet worm. The first permanent intercontinental Internet link was made between the United States ...
, despite having mid-season leads in the AL East both years. By the end of the decade, the Yankees' offense declined. Henderson and Pagliarulo had departed by the middle of
1989 1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc The Eastern Bloc, also known as the Communist Bloc, the Socialist Bloc and the Soviet Bloc, was the group of socialist state A social ...
, while back problems hampered both Winfield (who missed the entire 1989 season) and Mattingly (who missed almost the entire second half of 1990). Winfield's tenure with the team ended when he was dealt to the
California Angels The Los Angeles Angels are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, ...
. From 1989 to 1992, the team had a losing record, spending significant money on free-agents and draft picks who did not live up to expectations. In 1990, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
had the worst record in the American League, and their fourth last-place finish in franchise history. During the 1990 season, Yankee fans started to chant "1918!" to taunt the Red Sox, reminding them of the last time they won a World Series one weekend the Red Sox were there in 1990. Each time the Red Sox were at Yankee Stadium afterward, chants of "1918!" echoed through the stadium. Yankee fans also taunted the Red Sox with signs saying "CURSE OF THE BAMBINO", pictures of Babe Ruth, and wearing "1918!" T-shirts each time they were at the stadium. The poor showings in the 1980s and early 1990s soon changed. Steinbrenner hired
Howard Spira Howard "Howie" Spira is an American gambler and convicted felon who was central to Fay Vincent Francis Thomas Vincent Jr. (born May 29, 1938), known as Fay Vincent, is a former entertainment lawyer, securities regulator, and sports executive who s ...
to uncover damaging information on Winfield and was subsequently suspended from day-to-day team operations by Commissioner
Fay Vincent Francis Thomas Vincent Jr. (born May 29, 1938), known as Fay Vincent, is a former entertainment lawyer, securities regulator, and sports executive who served as the eighth Commissioner of Major League Baseball from September 13, 1989 to September ...
when the plot was revealed. This turn of events allowed management to implement a coherent acquisition/development program without owner interference. General Manager
Gene Michael Eugene Richard Michael (June 2, 1938 – September 7, 2017), known as Stick, was an American shortstop Shortstop, abbreviated SS, is the baseball or softball fielding position between second The second (symbol: s, abbreviation: sec) is the ...
, along with manager
Buck Showalter William Nathaniel "Buck" Showalter III (born May 23, 1956) is an American former Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization and the oldest of the major professional sports leagues in ...

Buck Showalter
, shifted the club's emphasis from high-priced acquisitions to developing talent through the
farm system In sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and Skill, skills while providing enjoyment to participants and, in some cases, entertainmen ...
. This new philosophy developed key players such as outfielder
Bernie Williams Bernabé Williams Figueroa Jr. (born September 13, 1968) is a Puerto Rican former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseba ...

Bernie Williams
, shortstop
Derek Jeter Derek Sanderson Jeter ( ; born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop, businessman, and baseball executive. He has been the chief executive officer (CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball ...
, catcher
Jorge Posada Jorge Rafael Posada Villeta (born August 17, 1970) is a Puerto Rican people, Puerto Rican former professional baseball catcher who played 17 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees. Posada recorded a .273 batting average ...

Jorge Posada
, and pitchers
Andy Pettitte Andrew Eugene Pettitte (; born June 15, 1972) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily for the New York Yankees. He also pitched for the Houston Astros. Pettitte won five ...
and
Mariano Rivera Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969) is a Panamanian-American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. ...
. The first significant success came in
1994 The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family The year 1994 was proclaimed the International Year of the Family by the United Nations General Assembly. Its objectives are promoted by the United Nations Programme on ...
, when the Yankees had the best record in the AL, but the season was cut short by a players' strike. Because the Yankees were last in a postseason in a season cut short by a
strike Strike may refer to: People *Strike (surname)Strike is a surname. Notable people with the surname include: *Alice Strike (1896–2004), last surviving female Canadian military World War I veteran *Anne Wafula Strike (born 1969), British wheelcha ...
, the news media constantly reminded the Yankees about the parallels between these two Yankees teams, which included both teams having division leads taken away by strike. Throughout October, the media continued to speculate about what might have been if there had not been a strike, making references to the day's games in the postseason would have been played. A year later, the team qualified for the playoffs in the new wild card slot in the strike-shortened 1995 season. In the memorable 1995 American League Division Series against the
Seattle Mariners The Seattle Mariners are an American professional baseball team based in Seattle. They compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League West, West division. The team joined the American League ...
, the Yankees won the first two games at home and lost the next three in Seattle. Although Mattingly batted .417 with a home run and six RBI in the only postseason series of his career, his back problems led him to retire after the 1995 season.


1996–2007: Core Four: Jeter, Posada, Pettitte, and Rivera

Joe Torre had a mediocre run as a manager in the National League, and the choice was initially derided ("Clueless Joe" was a headline in the ''
New York Daily News The New York ''Daily News'', officially titled the ''Daily News'', is an American newspaper based in New York City. It was founded in 1919 by Joseph Medill Patterson as the ''Illustrated Daily News''. It was the first U.S. daily printed in Tabl ...

New York Daily News
''). However, his calm demeanor proved to be a good fit, and his tenure was the longest under George Steinbrenner's ownership. The 1996 season saw the rise of three Yankees who formed the core of the team for years to come: rookie shortstop
Derek Jeter Derek Sanderson Jeter ( ; born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop, businessman, and baseball executive. He has been the chief executive officer (CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball ...
, second-year starting pitcher
Andy Pettitte Andrew Eugene Pettitte (; born June 15, 1972) is an American former professional baseball pitcher who played 18 seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB), primarily for the New York Yankees. He also pitched for the Houston Astros. Pettitte won five ...
, and second-year pitcher
Mariano Rivera Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969) is a Panamanian-American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. ...
, who served as
setup man In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding team, ca ...
in 1996 before becoming closer in 1997. Aided by these young players, the Yankees won their first AL East title in 15 years. They defeated the Texas Rangers in the ALDS, and in ALCS beat the
Baltimore Orioles The Baltimore Orioles are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player ...
4–1, which included a notable fan interference by
Jeffrey Maier Jeffrey Maier (born November 15, 1983) is an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
that was called as a home run for the Yankees. In the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
the team rebounded from an 0–2 series deficit and defeated the defending champion
Atlanta Braves The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, lea ...
, ending an 18-year championship drought. Jeter was named Rookie of the Year. In 1997, the Yankees lost the 1997 ALDS to the
Cleveland Indians The Cleveland Guardians are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
3–2. General manager
Bob Watson Robert José Watson (April 10, 1946May 14, 2020) was an American professional baseball player and sports executive. He was a first baseman and left fielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Houston Astros, Boston Red Sox, New Yo ...

Bob Watson
stepped down and was replaced by assistant general manager
Brian Cashman Brian McGuire Cashman (born July 3, 1967) is an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
. The 1998 Yankees are widely acknowledged to be one of the greatest teams in baseball history, compiling a record of 114–48, a then–AL record for the most wins in a season. On May 17, 1998,
David Wells David Lee Wells (born May 20, 1963), nicknamed "Boomer", is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and ...
pitched a perfect game against the
Minnesota Twins The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player ...
. The Yankees went on to sweep the
San Diego Padres The San Diego Padres are an American professional baseball team based in San Diego. The Padres compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League West, West division. Founded in 1969 San Diego P ...
in the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
. Their 125 combined regular and postseason wins remains an MLB single-season record. On July 18, 1999,
David Cone David Brian Cone (born January 2, 1963) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), common ...
pitched a perfect game against the
Montreal Expos The Montreal Expos (french: link=no, Les Expos de Montréal) were a Canadian professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club s ...
. The ALCS was the Yankees' first postseason meeting with the rival
Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. Founded in as one of the Amer ...
. The 1999 Yankees defeated the Red Sox 4–1 and swept the
Braves The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball team based in the Atlanta metropolitan area. The Braves compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League East, East division. The team pl ...
in the
1999 World Series The 1999 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to ...
giving the 1998–99 Yankees a combined 22–3 record in the (including four series sweeps) in the six post-season series those years. In 2000, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
faced the
Mets The New York Mets are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, lea ...
in the first New York City Subway
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
in 44 years. The Yankees won the series in 5 games, but a loss in Game 3 snapped their streak of consecutive games won in World Series contests at 14, surpassing the club's previous record of 12 (in 1927, 1928, and 1932). The Yankees are the last MLB team to repeat as World Series champions and after the 2000 season they joined the Yankees teams of 1936–39 and 1949–53, as well as the 1972–74
Oakland Athletics The Oakland Athletics (often referred to as the A's) are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
as the only teams to win at least three consecutive World Series. In aftermath of the
September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks The September 11 attacks, also commonly referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated Terrorism, terrorist attacks by the militant Islamism, Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, S ...
, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
defeated the
Oakland Athletics The Oakland Athletics (often referred to as the A's) are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
in the ALDS, and the Seattle Mariners in the ALCS. By winning the pennant for a fourth straight year, the 1998–2001 Yankees joined the 1921–24 New York Giants, and the Yankees teams of 1936–39, 1949–53, 1955–58 and 1960–64 as the only teams to win at least four straight pennants. The Yankees won 11 consecutive postseason series in this 4-year period. In the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
against the
Arizona Diamondbacks The Arizona Diamondbacks, often shortened as the D-backs, are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club syste ...
, the Yankees lost the series when Rivera uncharacteristically blew a save in the bottom of the ninth inning of Game 7. Also, despite a very poor series overall, batting under .200, Derek Jeter got the nickname, "Mr. November", echoing comparisons to Reggie Jackson's "Mr. October", for his walk-off home run in Game 4, though it began October 31, as the game ended in the first minutes of November 1. In addition, the Yankees' home field in the aftermath of the attacks served as hosts of a memorial service titled "Prayer for America." A vastly revamped
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
team finished the 2002 season with an AL-best record of 103–58. The season was highlighted by
Alfonso Soriano Alfonso Guilleard Soriano (born January 7, 1976) is a Dominican former professional baseball left fielder and second baseman. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Yankees, Chicago Cubs, Texas Rangers (baseball), Texas Rangers, ...

Alfonso Soriano
becoming the first second baseman ever to hit 30 home runs and steal 30 bases in a season. In the ALDS the Yankees lost to the eventual World Series champion
Anaheim Angels The Los Angeles Angels are an American professional baseball team based in Anaheim, California, part of Orange County and the Los Angeles metropolitan area File:Los Angeles, Winter 2016.jpg, 300px, Downtown Los Angeles in 2016 Greater L ...
3–1. In 2003, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
again had the best league record (101–61), highlighted by
Roger Clemens William Roger Clemens (born August 4, 1962), nicknamed "Rocket", is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batti ...
' 300th win and 4000th strikeout. In the ALCS, they defeated the
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
in a dramatic seven-game series, which featured a bench-clearing incident in Game 3 and a series-ending
walk-off home run In baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding team (baseball), fielding team, ...
by
Aaron Boone Aaron John Boone (born March 9, 1973) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played ...

Aaron Boone
in the bottom of the 11th inning of Game 7. In the
World Series The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada, contested since 1903 World Series, 1903 between the champion teams of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL). The ...
the Yankees lost in 6 games to the
Florida Marlins The Miami Marlins are an American professional baseball team based in Miami Miami (), officially the City of Miami, is a Coast, coastal metropolis located in southeastern Florida in the United States. It is the third most populous metropolit ...
. In 2004, the
Yankees The New York Yankees are an American professional baseball team based in the New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in the United States. Wi ...
acquired
Alex Rodriguez Alexander Enmanuel Rodriguez (born July 27, 1975), nicknamed "A-Rod," is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specifi ...

Alex Rodriguez
, who moved to third base from his usual shortstop position to accommodate Jeter. In the ALCS, the Yankees met the
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
again, and became the first team in professional baseball history, and only the third team in North American professional sports history, to lose a best-of-seven series after taking a 3–0 series lead. In 2005 Alex Rodriguez won the
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League (original), Western Leag ...
MVP In sport, sports, a most valuable player award is an honor typically bestowed upon an individual as the most performing player (or players) in an entire league, for a particular competition, or on a specific team. Initially used in professiona ...
award, becoming the first Yankee to win the award since Don Mattingly in 1985. The Yankees again won the AL East by virtue of a tiebreaker but lost the ALDS 3–2 to the
Angels An angel is a supernatural The supernatural encompasses supposed phenomena or entities that are not subject to the . This term is attributed to , such as s, s, , and . It also includes claimed abilities embodied in or provided by such ...
. The 2006 season was highlighted by a 5-game series sweep of the
Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball team based in Boston. The Red Sox compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the American League (AL) American League East, East division. Founded in as one of the Amer ...
at Fenway Park (sometimes referred to as the "Second Boston Massacre"), outscoring the Red Sox 49–26. Despite winning the AL East for the ninth consecutive year, the Yankees lost again in the ALDS, this time to the
Detroit Tigers The Detroit Tigers are an American professional baseball team based in Detroit. The Tigers compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member of the American League (AL) American League Central, Central division. One of the AL's eight charter fr ...
. After the ALDS was over, tragedy struck when pitcher
Cory Lidle Cory Fulton Lidle (March 22, 1972 – October 11, 2006) was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. I ...

Cory Lidle
died when his plane crashed into a highrise apartment building in Manhattan. Along with Thurman Munson, Lidle was the second active Yankee to be killed in a private plane crash. On June 18, 2007, the Yankees broke new ground by signing the first two professional baseball players from the People's Republic of China to the MLB, and became the first team in MLB history to sign an advertising deal with a Chinese company. The Yankees' streak of nine straight AL East division titles ended in 2007, but they still reached the playoffs with the AL Wild Card. For the third year in a row, the team lost in the first round of the playoffs, as the 2007 Cleveland Indians season, Cleveland Indians defeated the Yankees, 3–1, in the 2007 American League Division Series, 2007 ALDS. After the series, Joe Torre declined a reduced-length and compensation contract offer from the Yankees and returned to the National League as manager of the Los Angeles Dodgers.


2008–2016: Championship run, followed by losing streak

After Torre's departure, the Yankees signed former catcher Joe Girardi to a three-year contract to manage the club. The 2008 2008 New York Yankees season, season was the last season played at Yankee Stadium. To celebrate the final year and history of Yankee Stadium, the 2008 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was played there. The final regular-season game at Yankee Stadium was played on September 21, 2008. After the game, Jeter addressed the crowd, thanking them for their support over the years, and urging them to "take the memories of this field, add them to the new memories that will come at the new Yankee Stadium and continue to pass them on from generation to generation." Despite multiple midseason roster moves, the team was hampered by injuries and missed the playoffs for the first time in 14 seasons. During the off-season, the Yankees retooled their roster with several star free agent acquisitions, including CC Sabathia, Mark Teixeira, and A. J. Burnett. At the beginning of the 2009 New York Yankees season, 2009 season, the Yankees opened the new Yankee Stadium, located just a block north on River Avenue from their former home. The Yankees set a major league record by playing error-free ball for 18 consecutive games from May 14 to June 1, 2009. The Yankees finished first in the AL East. In the 2009 American League Division Series, ALDS they swept the 2009 Minnesota Twins season, Minnesota Twins before defeating the 2009 Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim season, Los Angeles Angels in the 2009 American League Championship Series, ALCS, 4–2. They Yankees defeated the 2009 Philadelphia Phillies season, Philadelphia Phillies, in the 2009 World Series, World Series 4–2, their 27th World Series title. The 2010 New York Yankees season, 2010 season featured the rivalry between the Yankees and 2010 Boston Red Sox season, Red Sox being revived to start and end the season. The Yankees and the Red Sox started and finished the season against each other at Fenway Park. This was the first time since 1950 this had happened. In June, Joe Torre's Dodgers played games against the Yankees for the first time since he became manager of the Dodgers, with the Yankees taking two out of three games in the series. During the 2010 All-Star break, public address announcer Bob Sheppard and principal owner
George Steinbrenner George Michael Steinbrenner III (July 4, 1930July 13, 2010) was an American businessman who was the principal owner and managing partner of Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is an American professional baseball organization a ...
died. Eight days later, another longtime Yankee icon, former player and manager Ralph Houk, died. The Yankees won the American League Wild Card. They swept the Minnesota Twins in the 2010 American League Division Series, but lost to the Texas Rangers in the 2010 American League Championship Series, ALCS, 4–2. In a 22–9 win over the
Oakland Athletics The Oakland Athletics (often referred to as the A's) are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fieldin ...
on August 25, 2011, the Yankees became the first team in Major League history to hit three grand slam (baseball), grand slams in a single game. They were hit by Robinson Canó, Russell Martin, and Curtis Granderson. The Yankees won the AL East title, finishing with 97 wins and took home field throughout the AL postseason. However, they were defeated by the Tigers, 3–2, in the 2011 American League Division Series, ALDS. In 2012, the Yankees again finished the season with the AL's best record at 95–67. In mid-July, the Yankees traded two prospects to the Seattle Mariners for Ichiro Suzuki. They faced the Orioles in the 2012 American League Division Series, ALDS. In Game 3, Raúl Ibañez became the oldest player to hit two home runs in a game, the oldest to hit a walk-off home run, the first substitute position player in a postseason game to hit two home runs, and the first to hit two home runs in the 9th inning or later in a postseason game, in the Yankees' 3–2 win. The Yankees defeated the Orioles in five games. However, in the 2012 American League Championship Series, ALCS, the Yankees lost to the Tigers again, this time in a four-game sweep, which was compounded with a struggling offense and a season-ending injury to
Derek Jeter Derek Sanderson Jeter ( ; born June 26, 1974) is an American former professional baseball shortstop, businessman, and baseball executive. He has been the chief executive officer (CEO) and part owner of the Miami Marlins of Major League Baseball ...
. The 2013 New York Yankees season, 2013 season was riddled with injuries. Mark Teixeira strained his elbow during the 2013 World Baseball Classic, World Baseball Classic prior to the start of the season and played only 15 games for the Yankees. Alex Rodriguez played only 44 games after a hip surgery, Jeter played only 17 games due to his ankle injury from the 2012 ALCS, and Curtis Granderson played only 61 games due to forearm and knuckle injuries. On April 12, 2013, the Yankees made their second triple play ever. It was scored as 4–6–5–6–5–3–4, the first triple play of its kind in baseball history. On September 25, the Yankees lost to the Tampa Bay Rays, which for the second time in the wild-card era, eliminated them from playoff contention. They ended the season 85–77, finishing in 3rd place in the AL East. During the 2013–14 off-season, the Yankees signed Brian McCann (baseball), Brian McCann, Jacoby Ellsbury, Masahiro Tanaka, and Carlos Beltrán. Despite that, the Yankees missed the playoffs, finishing 2nd in the AL East with an 84–78 record. Rodriguez missed the entire season due to a 162-game suspension for his participation in the Biogenesis baseball scandal. One notable moment happened on September 25, 2014, when Jeter – playing his final home game – hit a walk-off single off pitcher Evan Meek to defeat the Baltimore Orioles in front of 48,613 fans who came to see the captain for the last time. Reliever Dellin Betances finished 3rd in voting for Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, AL Rookie of the Year, while starting pitcher Masahiro Tanaka finished 5th. The Yankees would return to the playoffs in 2015 New York Yankees season, 2015. In his return from suspension, Rodriguez hit 33 home runs, his most since 2008, and tied Hank Aaron's record of fifteen 30-home-run seasons. Teixeira hit 31 home runs before a hit-by-pitch ended his season in August. Rookie first baseman Greg Bird (baseball), Greg Bird had an impressive showing in Teixeira's place, hitting 11 home runs in 46 games, while rookie starting pitcher Luis Severino went 5–3 with a 2.89 ERA in innings after getting called up in August. Closer Andrew Miller (baseball), Andrew Miller won the Major League Baseball Reliever of the Year Award, AL Reliever of the Year Award. The Yankees led the AL East for most of the year before being felled by a surging Toronto Blue Jays team, ending the season 87–75 and in 2nd place. They were defeated by the Houston Astros in the 2015 American League Wild Card Game. In the off-season, the Yankees traded for
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...

Cincinnati Reds
' closer Aroldis Chapman after a domestic violence allegation lowered his value. Chapman was later suspended 30 games. The Yankees started the 2016 New York Yankees season, 2016 season with a record of 9–17. The resurgent 2015 experienced by Rodriguez and Teixeira did not carry over, as they batted .200 and .204 for the season, respectively. Bird was ruled out for the season after undergoing shoulder surgery. Starting pitcher Michael Pineda struggled, going 6–12 with a 4.82 ERA, the 7th-highest in baseball. At the trade deadline, the Yankees stood at an uninspiring 52–52, and traded Chapman and Miller.


2017–present: Baby Bombers

On July 25, 2016, the Yankees traded Aroldis Chapman to the Chicago Cubs for a group of players that included top shortstop prospect Gleyber Torres, and traded Andrew Miller to the Cleveland Indians for prospects outfielder Clint Frazier and pitcher Justus Sheffield. In addition, the Yankees traded 39-year-old designated hitter Carlos Beltran to the Texas Rangers for minor league prospects. The Yankees' decision to be sellers, rather than buyers, at the trade deadline was unusual, given the Yankees' typical win-now approach. In discussing the midseason trades, Yankees general manager Brian Cashman said that the Yankees recognized the "need to look toward the future." In early August, both Teixeira and Rodriguez revealed their plans to retire by the season's end. Rodriguez played his final game on August 12, 2016. In his fourth-to-last game, Teixeira hit a walk-off grand slam against the
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
, his 409th and last career home run. The Yankees called up Tyler Austin and outfielder Aaron Judge in August. They made their debuts on August 13, hitting back-to-back home runs in their first career at-bats. Catcher Gary Sánchez hit 20 home runs in 53 games, finishing 2nd in Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award, AL Rookie of the Year voting and setting the record at the time as the fastest to reach 20 career home runs. Sanchez, Judge and Austin, as well as the Yankees' prosperous farm system in general, became nicknamed the "Baby Bombers". After having traded Chapman to the Cubs during the 2016 season, the Yankees signed him as a free agent during the 2016–17 off-season; Chapman agreed to a five-year, $86 million contract, the most lucrative in history for a relief pitcher. In 2017 New York Yankees season, 2017, the Yankees finished the season with a record of 91–71. They finished second in the AL East behind the
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
, but captured the first AL Wild Card spot. Judge and Sánchez combined for 85 home runs. Sanchez finished with 33, the most by a Yankees catcher in a single season. Judge led the American League with 52 home runs, breaking Mark McGwire's major league record for most home runs by a rookie in a single season (McGwire hit 49 in 1987). The Yankees starting pitching was led by ace Luis Severino, who rebounded from his last season to lead the Yankees' pitching staff. On July 1, Clint Frazier made his MLB debut where he went 2 for 4 with a home run. The Yankees sent Dellin Betances, Starlin Castro, Sánchez, Severino, and Judge to the 2017 Major League Baseball All-Star Game. Judge won the 2017 Home Run Derby (Major League Baseball), Home Run Derby, making the Yankees the team with the most players in history to win a Home Run Derby. After the 2017 All-Star break, the Yankees made a series of moves to acquire third baseman Todd Frazier, former Yankees reliever David Robertson (baseball), David Robertson, reliever Tommy Kahnle, starter Sonny Gray, and starter Jaime Garcia. In the 2017 AL Wild Card Game the Yankees defeated the Minnesota Twins to move on the American League Division Series, ALDS. In the ALDS, the Yankees lost the first two games to the Cleveland Indians before winning the final three games and taking the series. They played the Houston Astros in the 2017 American League Championship Series and lost the series in seven games. In the 2017–18 off-season, the Yankees hired
Aaron Boone Aaron John Boone (born March 9, 1973) is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played ...

Aaron Boone
to succeed Girardi as their new manager. The Yankees traded Starlin Castro and prospects Jorge Guzman and Jose Devers to the Miami Marlins for reigning National League Most Valuable Player Giancarlo Stanton. A right fielder who bats right-handed, Stanton hit 59 home runs and drove in 132 runs—both major league highs—in 2017; his contract was the largest player contract in the history of professional sports in North America at the time. The Yankees also traded third baseman Chase Headley and pitcher Bryan Mitchell to the San Diego Padres for outfielder Jabari Blash; following the move, Yankees GM Brian Cashman stated that the trade "create[d] payroll flexibility". On September 29, 2018 Gleyber Torres hit the Yankees 265th home run of the season which broke the record of the most home runs in a season, previously held by the 1997 Seattle Mariners season, 1997 Seattle Mariners. The Yankees ended the 2018 season with 267 home runs as well as a record of 100–62. In the 2018 playoffs, the Yankees defeated the Oakland Athletics in the 2018 American League Wild Card Game, Wild Card game, advancing to face the 108-win Red Sox in the 2018 American League Division Series, ALDS. The Yankees fell to the Red Sox in the ALDS 3–1. In Game 3, the Yankees suffered their worst playoff defeat in team history, by a score of 16–1. On June 25, 2019, the Yankees broke the record for the most home runs in consecutive games against the Toronto Blue Jays. On September 27, the Yankees became the second team to reach 300 homers in a season, achieved by their 2019 American League Division Series, ALDS opponent, the Minnesota Twins, a day earlier. The Yankees ended the 2019 season with a record of 103–59, winning the AL East division title for the first time since 2012. The Yankees beat the Twins in a three-game sweep to advance to the ALCS for the second time in three seasons. However, on October 19, the Houston Astros beat the Yankees in the 2019 American League Championship Series, ALCS 4–2. With this loss, the 2010s decade became the first since the 1980s to have the Yankees fail to win a World Series and the first since the 1910s to have the Yankees failing to play in one. During the 2019 offseason, on December 18, 2019, the Yankees signed Gerrit Cole to a nine-year, $324 million contract. On August 28, 2020, the Yankees gave up a walk-off home run to Amed Rosario of the Mets in Yankee Stadium. The Mets were the home team because they were making up for a previously cancelled game. It was the first time a visiting player had hit a walk-off home run since Ed McKean hit one for the St. Louis Perfectos against the Cleveland Spiders in 1899. The Yankees finished the shortened 2020 season with a record of 33–27, finishing second in AL East. In the first round of the playoffs they swept the Cleveland Indians beating them in 2 games in the wild card series. In the 2020 American League Division Series, ALDS, however, the Yankees were defeated by the Tampa Bay Rays in five games, marking four consecutive playoff exits.


Distinctions

The Yankees have won a record 27 World Series in 40 appearances (which, since the first World Series in 1903, currently amounts to an average appearance every 2.7 seasons and a championship every 4.0 seasons); the
St. Louis Cardinals The St. Louis Cardinals are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, ...
are in second place with 11 World Series championships. The Yankees' number of World Series losses, 13, is also an MLB record. The Los Angeles Dodgers, Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers are second in total World Series appearances with 20. The Yankees have faced the Dodgers 11 times, going 8–3. Among North American major sports, the Yankees' success is approached by only the 24 Stanley Cup championships of the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League. The Yankees have played in the World Series against every National League pennant winner except the Houston Astros and the Colorado Rockies. Through 2018, the Yankees have an all-time regular season winning percentage of .569 (a 10,275 – 7,781 record), the best of any team in MLB history. On June 25, 2019, they set a new major league record for homering in 28 consecutive games, breaking the record set by the 2002 Texas Rangers season, 2002 Texas Rangers. With the walk-off solo home run by DJ LeMahieu to win the game against the Oakland Athletics on August 31, 2019, the Yankees ended the month of August that year now holding a new record of 74 home runs hit in the month alone, a new record for the most home runs hit in a month by a single MLB team.


World Series championships

The Yankees have won a record 27 World Series Championships. Their most recent one came when the new stadium opened in 2009; they defeated the Philadelphia Phillies in six games under manager Joe Girardi.


Team nicknames

The "Yankees" name is often shortened to "the Yanks." Their most prominently used List of baseball nicknames, nickname is "the Bronx Bombers" or simply "the Bombers", a reference to their home and their prolific hitting. A less used nickname is "the Pinstripes", in reference to the iconic feature on their home uniforms. Critics often refer to the team and the organization as "the Evil Empire", a term applied to the Yankees by
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
president Larry Lucchino in a 2002 interview with the ''New York Times''. A term from the team's tumultuous late 1970s, "the Bronx Zoo", is sometimes used by detractors, as well as the "Damn Yankees", after the Damn Yankees, musical of the same name. Ironically, even many Yankees ''supporters'' refer to their team as the "Evil Empire" as a badge of honor and in fact enjoy having their team play the villain.


Logos and uniforms


Popularity


Fan support

With their recurring success since the 1920s, the Yankees have since been one of the most popular teams in the world, with their fan base coming from much further than the New York metropolitan area. The Yankees typically bring an upsurge in attendance at all or most of their various road-trip venues, drawing crowds of their own fans, as well as home-town fans whose interest is heightened when the Yankees come to town. The first 1 million-fan season was in 1920, when 1,289,422 fans attended Yankee games at the
Polo Grounds The Polo Grounds was the name of three stadiums in Upper Manhattan, New York City, used mainly for professional baseball and American football from 1880 through 1963. The original Polo Grounds, opened in 1876 and demolished in 1889, was built f ...
. The first 2 million-fan season was in 1946, when 2,265,512 fans attended the games at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees have beaten the league average for home attendance 83 out of the last 87 years (only during 1990, 1991, 1992 and 1994 did they not accomplish this). In the past seven years, the Yankees have drawn over three million fans each year, with an American League record-setting 4,090,696 in 2005, becoming only the third franchise in sports history to draw over four million in regular-season attendance in their own ballpark. The Yankees were the league leaders in "road attendance" each year from 2001 through 2006. One famous fan was Freddy Schuman, popularly known as "Freddy Sez." For over 50 years, he came to the Yankees' home games with a baseball cap, a Yankees' jersey (which on the back bears his own name), and a cake pan with a shamrock painted on it, which was connected to a sign inscribed with words of encouragement for the home team. Schuman died on October 17, 2010, at the age of 85. To avoid unwanted publicity, Yankees players use pseudonym, aliases when registering for hotels. ''The Village Voice'' published a list of aliases used by Yankees players, and the contents were republished on ''The Smoking Gun''.


The Bleacher Creatures

The "Bleacher Creatures" are a notorious group of season ticket holders who occupied Section 39 in the right-field bleachers at the old Yankee Stadium and occupy Section 203 in the new one. They are known for their strict allegiance to the Yankees and are often merciless to opposing fans who sit in the section and cheer for the road team. They enjoy taunting the opposing team's right fielder with a series of chanting and slandering. The "creatures" got their nickname from ''
New York Daily News The New York ''Daily News'', officially titled the ''Daily News'', is an American newspaper based in New York City. It was founded in 1919 by Joseph Medill Patterson as the ''Illustrated Daily News''. It was the first U.S. daily printed in Tabl ...

New York Daily News
'' columnist Filip "Flip" Bondy, who spent the 2004 season sitting in the section for research on his book about the group, ''Bleeding Pinstripes: A Season with the Bleacher Creatures of Yankee Stadium'', published in 2005.


The Judge's Chambers at Yankee Stadium

In 2017, team management ordered the creation of a special cheer section within Section 104 for fans of Yankees outfielder Aaron Judge, called "the Judge's Chambers". They were the second AL team to create a special cheering section, following the Seattle Mariners. The Judge's Chambers was added in response to his rise as one of the league's most popular young stars. The section's 18 seats are given to lucky ticketholders and their families, along with black judicial robes with the team logo on the front and Judge's 99 jersey number on the back; prior to the addition of the section, fans were wearing white wigs and judicial robes to games in support of Judge. Occasionally, community organizations, charities and Little League teams are given precedence when selecting participants. The seats, which are close to his position in right field, are surrounded by mahogany wood to emulate the appearance of the city's courthouses.


Global expansion and business model

The Yankees baseball club is formally owned by
Yankee Global Enterprises Yankee Global Enterprises, LLC, formerly YankeeNets, LLC, is an American limited liability company A limited liability company (LLC) is the United States of America, US-specific form of a private limited company. It is a business structure th ...
, which owns the team's regional YES sports network. The club has claimed that it is operating under annual losses in excess of $47 million, but this figure is attributed only to the ballclub's finances and not to finances attributed to YES or Yankees Global Enterprises. The Yankees have become well known for a winning reputation on a global level. In 2007, they reached an agreement with the Chinese Baseball Association to allow coaches, scouts and trainers to work in China to promote baseball and judge talent. They are trying to do the same with the Yomiuri Giants and the Hanshin Tigers in Japan. The Yankees and Yomiuri Giants currently have a close relationship and share ideas and strategies. The Yomiuri Shimbun daily newspaper has an ad on the left-field wall at Yankee Stadium, and other Japanese ads appear on the scrolling backstop advertising board. The Yankees are hoping that close ties with countries such as China and Japan will give them personal, in-depth judgments of baseball talent. In 2008, the Yankees announced a joint venture with the Dallas Cowboys to form the basis for a partnership in running food and beverage, and other catering services to both teams' stadiums. In 2013, ''
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family The Forbes family is one of the Boston Brahmins—a wealthy extended American family long prominent in Boston, Massachusett ...

Forbes
'' magazine ranked New York Yankees as the fourth most valuable sports team in the world, behind Real Madrid C.F., Real Madrid of La Liga, Manchester United F.C., Manchester United of the Premier League and FC Barcelona, Barcelona of La Liga, a value of $2.3 billion. In 2017, ''
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family The Forbes family is one of the Boston Brahmins—a wealthy extended American family long prominent in Boston, Massachusett ...

Forbes
'' magazine ranked the Yankees as the most valuable MLB teams, MLB team at $3.7 billion, up 9% from 2016, with the average MLB team worth $1.54 billion. In 2019,
Forbes ''Forbes'' () is an American business magazine owned by Integrated Whale Media Investments and the Forbes family The Forbes family is one of the Boston Brahmins—a wealthy extended American family long prominent in Boston, Massachusett ...

Forbes
magazine ranked the Yankees as the most valuable MLB teams, MLB team at $4.6 billion, up 15% from 2018, which is currently the 2nd most valuable sports franchise behind only the Dallas Cowboys.


Criticism

With the long-term success of the franchise and a large Yankee fanbase, many fans of other teams have come to dislike the Yankees. The organization is sometimes referred to by detractors as "the Bronx Zoo" (echoing the title of
Sparky Lyle Albert Walter "Sparky" Lyle (born July 22, 1944) is an American former left-handed relief pitcher who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1967 through 1982. He was a relief pitcher for the Boston Red Sox The Boston Red ...
's The Bronx Zoo (book), book) or "the Evil Empire." When the Yankees are on the road, it is common for the home fans to chant "Yankees Suck", and T-shirts, bumper stickers and other items have been sold with this phrase. Much of the animosity toward the team may derive from its high payroll (which was around $200 million at the start of the 2008 season, the highest of any American sports team). ''Chicago Tribune'' columnist Mike Royko noted, "Hating the Yankees is as American as pizza pie, unwed mothers, and cheating on your Income tax in the United States, income tax."


Fight and theme songs

The official fight song for the Yankees is "Here Come the Yankees", written in 1967 by Bob Bundin and Lou Stallman. While it is not used as often, it is still heard frequently in instrumental form, most prominently in radio broadcasts, until 1990 it was played as the theme for television broadcasts in several versions. Another song strongly linked to the team is "Theme from New York, New York, New York, New York", which is played in the stadium after home games. The Frank Sinatra cover version is traditionally played after victories, and the Liza Minnelli original version after losses. However, due to a complaint from Minnelli, regardless of the result of the game played in the stadium it is the Sinatra version that is played to close it out. When the Yankees take the field before the start of every game, 2 Unlimited's "Get Ready For This" is played, with the fans usually clapping along. When the Yankees score a run at home, a short snippet of 2 Unlimited's "Workaholic (song), Workaholic" containing the bell chime of Westminster Quarters is played (whenever Aaron Judge scores a run the snippet is replaced by with "The Clang" tone by veteran composer Mike Post, used in the ''Law & Order'' franchise). A wide selection of songs are played regularly at the stadium, many of them live on the Stadium's Hammond organ. "God Bless America" has been played during the 7th inning stretch since September 11 attacks, September 11. The version typically played for many years since 2001 was an abbreviated version of Kate Smith's rendition. However, during many important games (including most play-off games) and on noteworthy days, it is sung live a cappella and includes a longer introduction, in 2019 the tradition of playing her version officially ended due to racial controversy involving Smith and the tune is now played live by the stadium organist during the stretch. During the 5th inning, the grounds crew, while performing their duties, dance to "Y.M.C.A. (song), Y.M.C.A.". "Cotton-Eyed Joe", once played during the 7th inning stretch, is now played in the 8th inning. On the DiamondVision screen, a man in farmer's garb is shown dancing in the stadium's control room, with the words "Cotton-Eyed Joey" at the bottom. The organist will sometimes play the "Zorbas, Zorba the Greek Theme", accompanied by clapping from the audience, to excite the crowd and encourage a rally.


Radio and television

The YES Network, Yankees Entertainment and Sports (YES) Network was launched in 2002 and serves as the primary home of the New York Yankees. Michael Kay (announcer), Michael Kay is the play-by-play announcer with Ken Singleton,
David Cone David Brian Cone (born January 2, 1963) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), common ...
,
Al Leiter Alois Terry Leiter (; born October 23, 1965) is an American former professional baseball left-handed starting pitcher 200px, Chris Young warms up in the bullpen before a game at Wrigley Field minutes before the 12:05 start (see scoreboard clock ...
, John Flaherty, and Paul O'Neill (baseball), Paul O'Neill working as commentators as part of a three-man, or occasionally two-man, booth. Bob Lorenz hosts the pre-game show and the post-game show with Jack Curry, and Meredith Marakovits and Nancy Newman are the on-site reporters. Some games are telecast on WPIX and formerly on WWOR-TV; those broadcasts are produced by YES. Radio broadcasts are on the Yankees Radio Network, the flagship station being WFAN (AM), WFAN 660 AM, with John Sterling (sportscaster), John Sterling as the play-by-play announcer and Suzyn Waldman providing the commentary, with Spanish-language broadcasts on WADO 1280 AM. The history of Yankees' radio broadcasters is: WABC (AM), WJZ 770 (1939–1940), WOR (AM), WOR 710 (1942), WINS (AM), WINS 1010 (1944–1957), WEPN (AM), WMGM 1050 (1958–1960), WCBS (AM), WCBS 880 (1961–1966), WEPN (AM), WHN 1050 (1967–1970), WMCA (AM), WMCA 570 (1971–1977), WINS 1010 (1978–1980), WABC 770 (1981–2001), WCBS 880 (2002–2013), WFAN (AM), WFAN 660 AM and WFAN-FM, WFAN-FM 101.9 (2014–present).


Past announcers

*Mel Allen was the team's lead announcer from 1948 to 1964. He was known as "The voice of the Yankees." *Russ Hodges had a brief stint with Mel Allen before he took over as the lead announcer with the New York Giants. *Red Barber called Yankees games for 13 seasons (1954–1966). *Jerry Coleman called Yankees games from 1963 to 1970. *Joe Garagiola called Yankees games from 1965 to 1967. *Frank Messer, Phil Rizzuto and Bill White (first baseman), Bill White teamed together in the 1970s and 1980s. Rizzuto, with 40 years in the broadcast booth, was the longest-serving broadcaster in the history of the club. Messer and White each worked nearly two decades for the Yankees, with White notably moving on to become president of the
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
in 1989.
Bobby Murcer Bobby Ray Murcer (May 20, 1946 – July 12, 2008) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played ...

Bobby Murcer
also called games for over twenty years, and continued with the YES Network until shortly before his death from brain cancer.


Roster


Retired numbers

The Yankees have retired 21 numbers for 23 individuals, the most in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in the National League (NL) and 15 in the Ame ...
. The retired numbers were displayed behind the old Yankee Stadium's left-field fence and in front of the opposing team's bullpen, forming a little alley that connects Monument Park (Yankee Stadium), Monument Park to the left-field stands. When the franchise moved across the street to the new stadium, the numbers were incorporated into Monument Park that sits place in center field between both bullpens. The 21 numbers are placed on the wall in chronological order, beginning with
Lou Gehrig Henry Louis Gehrig (born Heinrich Ludwig Gehrig; June 19, 1903June 2, 1941) was an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven ga ...

Lou Gehrig
's number 4. This was retired soon after Gehrig left baseball on July 4, 1939, the same day he gave his famous farewell speech. His was the first number retired in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in the National League (NL) and 15 in the Ame ...
history. Beneath the numbers are plaques with the names of the players and a descriptive paragraph. The number 42 was retired throughout Major League Baseball in honor of Jackie Robinson on April 15, 1997, the 50th anniversary of his breaking the baseball color line, color barrier. The day was declared Jackie Robinson Day, and was later observed by all of baseball, with select players from every team wearing the number 42. Players who wore No. 42 at the time were allowed to continue to wear it until they left the team with which they played on April 15, 1997;
Mariano Rivera Mariano Rivera (born November 29, 1969) is a Panamanian-American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams, typically of nine players each, that take turns batting and fielding. ...
was the last active player covered under that grandfather clause. While other teams placed the number 42 with the rest of their retired numbers, the Yankees did not do so at first. Ten years later, on April 17, 2007, the Yankees honored Robinson by mounting the logo of Jackie Robinson Day with a corresponding plaque alongside the rest of the retired numbers. Because the Yankees were finishing a roadtrip in Oakland on Jackie Robinson Day, the ceremony took place two days later. When the Yankees moved to the second Yankee Stadium, they replaced the Jackie Robinson Day logo with a number 42 that resembled the other retired numbers. Later on they replaced the number 42 so that it resembled the Dodger's style, and on September 22, 2013, a plaque was dedicated to Robinson in Monument Park. Also, the number 42 dedicated to Robinson was removed entirely and replaced with one for Mariano Rivera. In 1972, the number 8 was retired for two players on the same day, in honor of catcher Bill Dickey and his protege, catcher
Yogi Berra Lawrence Peter "Yogi" Berra (May 12, 1925 – September 22, 2015) was an American professional baseball catcher, who later took on the roles of Manager (baseball), manager and Coach (baseball), coach. He played 19 seasons in Major League Basebal ...

Yogi Berra
. Berra inherited Dickey's number in 1948 after Dickey ended his playing career and became a coach.
Billy Martin Alfred Manuel Martin Jr. (May 16, 1928 – December 25, 1989), commonly called "Billy", was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports leagu ...

Billy Martin
is the only Yankee to have his number retired as a player/manager combination. He wore number 1 as a player in the 1950s and as a manager in the 1970s and 1980s. The numbers 37 and 6, retired for
Casey Stengel Charles Dillon "Casey" Stengel (; July 30, 1890 – September 29, 1975) was an American Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , ...
and Joe Torre respectively, are the only numbers retired by the Yankees for someone who served solely as manager of the team. Stengel managed the Yankees to ten pennants and seven world championships between 1949 and 1960, including a record five consecutive world championships from 1949 through 1953. Joe Torre managed the Yankees from 1996 to 2007, winning six pennants and four World Series championships. On May 14, 2017, the Yankees retired number 2 in honor of Derek Jeter. This leaves 0, which the Yankees have previously never issued, as the only single-digit number available for future Yankees. In 2019 the team signed Adam Ottavino and issued him the number 0, which he previously wore as a member of the Colorado Rockies.


Out of circulation, but not retired

At least two Yankees numbers have not been formally retired, but have been kept out of circulation. The New York Yankees have not re-issued Paul O'Neill (baseball), Paul O'Neill's #21 since he ended his career at the end of 2001, except for a brief period of a few days in 2008 when Morgan Ensberg and then LaTroy Hawkins wore #21, before fan complaints led Hawkins to change his number to #22 in April. Additionally, the Yankees have held
Alex Rodriguez Alexander Enmanuel Rodriguez (born July 27, 1975), nicknamed "A-Rod," is an American former professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specifi ...

Alex Rodriguez
's #13 out of circulation since his retirement in 2016, until 2021 when the number was back into circulation and was assigned to Joey Gallo.


Hall of Famers


Rivalries


Boston Red Sox

The Yankees–Red Sox rivalry is one of the oldest, most famous, and fiercest List of sports rivalries, rivalries in professional sports. For over 100 years, the Yankees and
Boston Red Sox The Boston Red Sox are an American professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
Yankees have been intense rivals. The rivalry is often termed "the best" and "greatest rivalry in all of sports." Games between the two teams are often broadcast on national television. The rivalry is sometimes so polarizing that it is often a heated subject, like religion or politics, in the Northeastern United States. Since the inception of the Major League Baseball wild card, wild card team and an added Division Series, the rivals have met in the playoffs four times (with the Yankees winning the 1999 American League Championship Series, 1999 and 2003 American League Championship Series and the Red Sox winning in 2004 American League Championship Series and the 2018 American League Division Series) In addition, the teams have twice met in the last regular-season series of a season to decide the league title, in 1904 (when the Red Sox won) and 1949 (when the Yankees won). The teams also finished tied for first in 1978, when the Yankees won a high-profile 1978 American League East tie-breaker game, tiebreaker game for the division title. The 1978 division race is memorable for the Red Sox having held a 14-game lead over the Yankees more than halfway through the season. Similarly, the 2004 ALCS is notable for the Yankees leading 3 games to 0 and ultimately losing the next four games and the series. The Red Sox comeback was the only time in History of baseball in the United States, MLB history that a team has come back from a 0–3 deficit to win a postseason series.


Subway Series

The Subway Series is a series of games played between teams based in New York City. The term's historic usage has been in reference to World Series games played between New York teams. The Yankees have appeared in all Subway Series games as they have been the only
American League The American League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the American League (AL), is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball (MLB) in the United States and Canada. It developed from the Western League (original), Western Leag ...
team in the city, and have compiled an 11–3 record in the 14 championship Subway Series. Since 1997, the term Subway Series has also been applied to interleague play during the regular season between the Yankees and
National League The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, known simply as the National League (NL), is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is o ...
New York Mets The New York Mets are an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
.


Minor league affiliations

The New York Yankees farm team, farm system consists of six
minor league Minor leagues are professional sports leagues A sports league is a group of sports teams or individual athletes that compete against each other and gain points in a specific sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive ph ...
affiliates.


Front office

The Yankees front office, as of 2019, included Hal Steinbrenner (Managing General Partner/Co-Chairperson), Randy Levine (President), Lonn A. Trost (Chief Operating Officer and General Counsel), and
Brian Cashman Brian McGuire Cashman (born July 3, 1967) is an American baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a pl ...
(Senior Vice President, General Manager).


See also

* List of World Series champions * List of New York Yankees managers


References


Notes


Bibliography

* * * * *
New York Yankees: 40-Man Roster

New York Yankees: Manager and Coaches


External links


"A Boy and His Job."
1969-06-04. Elliott Ashley, bat boy for the New York Yankees, explains his duties in this documentary produced by National Educational Television, preserved in the American Archive of Public Broadcasting.
New York Yankees official website

Baseball-Reference.com
– year-by-year franchise index
Baseball Almanac



Bronx Baseball Daily
{{Authority control New York Yankees, 1901 establishments in Maryland Baseball teams established in 1901 Baseball teams in New York City Former CBS Corporation subsidiaries Grapefruit League Major League Baseball teams Sports in the Bronx Yankee Global Enterprises