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The ''New York Post'' (''NY Post'') is a
conservative Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of aest ...
daily Daily or The Daily may refer to: Journalism * Daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray ba ...
tabloid Tabloid may refer to: * Tabloid journalism, a type of journalism * Tabloid (newspaper format), a newspaper with compact page size ** Chinese tabloid * Tabloid (paper size), a North American paper size * Tabloid (film), ''Tabloid'' (film), a 2010 d ...
newspaper
published Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the distribution of printed works, such as book A book is a medi ...
in
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
. The ''Post'' also operates NYPost.com, the celebrity gossip site PageSix.com, and the entertainment site Decider.com. It was established in 1801 by
Federalist The term ''federalist'' describes several political beliefs around the world. It may also refer to the concept of parties, whose members or supporters called themselves ''Federalists''.http://m-w.com/dictionary/federalist. History Europe In E ...
and
Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing a state. National founders are typically those who played an influential role in setting up the systems of governance, (i.e. ...
Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was an American statesman, politician, legal scholar, military commander, lawyer, banker, and economist. He was one of the . He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the , ...

Alexander Hamilton
, and became a respected
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner (format), Berliner and Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid–Compact (newspape ...
in the 19th century under the name ''New York Evening Post''. Its most famous 19th century editor was
William Cullen Bryant William Cullen Bryant (November 3, 1794 – June 12, 1878) was an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the '' New York Evening Post''. Youth and education Bryant was born on November 3, 1794, in a log cabin near Cummingt ...

William Cullen Bryant
. In the mid-20th century, the paper was owned by
Dorothy Schiff Dorothy Schiff (March 11, 1903 – August 30, 1989) was an American businesswoman who was the owner and then publisher of the ''New York Post The ''New York Post'' (sometimes abbreviated as ''NY Post'') is a Conservatism in the United States, ...
, a devoted liberal, who developed its tabloid format. In 1976,
Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch ( ; born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American billionaire businessman, media tycoon, and investor. Through his company News Corp The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an Am ...

Rupert Murdoch
bought the ''Post'' for US$30.5 million. Since 1993, the ''Post'' has been owned by Murdoch's
News Corp The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an American mass media and publishing company operating across digital real estate information, news media, book publishing, and cable television. It was formed in 2013 as ...
. Its distribution ranked 4th in the US in 2019.


History


1801

The ''New York Post'' was established on November 16, 1801, as the ''New-York Evening Post''. No other USA daily newspaper still in operation is older.


19th century

The ''Post'' was founded by
Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757July 12, 1804) was an American statesman, politician, legal scholar, military commander, lawyer, banker, and economist. He was one of the . He was an influential interpreter and promoter of the , ...

Alexander Hamilton
with about US$10,000 () from a group of investors in the autumn of 1801 as the ''New-York Evening Post'', a
broadsheet A broadsheet is the largest newspaper format and is characterized by long vertical pages, typically of . Other common newspaper formats include the smaller Berliner (format), Berliner and Tabloid (newspaper format), tabloid–Compact (newspape ...
. Hamilton's co-investors included other New York members of the
Federalist Party The Federalist Party was the first political party in the United States American electoral politics has been dominated by two major political parties since shortly after the founding of the republic. Since the 1850s, they have been the Histo ...
, such as
Robert Troup Robert Troup (1757 – January 14, 1832) was a soldier in the Continental Army The Continental Army was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War by the former Thirteen Colonies, thirteen ...
and
Oliver Wolcott Oliver Wolcott Sr. (November 20, 1726 December 1, 1797) was an American Founding Father The following list of national founding figures is a record, by country, of people who were credited with establishing a state. National founders are ...

Oliver Wolcott
, who were dismayed by the election of
Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – July 4, 1826) was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, philosopher, and who served as the third from 1801 to 1809. He had previously served as the second under and as the first under ...

Thomas Jefferson
as U.S. president and the rise in popularity of the
Democratic-Republican Party The Democratic-Republican Party, also referred to as the Jeffersonian Republican Party and known at the time under various other names, was an American political party founded by Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson (April 13, 1743 – J ...
.Emery & Emery, p. 74. The meeting at which Hamilton first recruited investors for the new paper took place in
Archibald Gracie Archibald Gracie (June 25, 1755 – April 11, 1829) was a Scottish-born shipping magnate and early American businessman and merchant in New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by ...

Archibald Gracie
's then-country weekend
villa with early terraced hillside landscape A landscape is the visible features of an area of land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea leve ...

villa
that is now
Gracie Mansion Archibald Gracie Mansion (commonly called Gracie Mansion) is the official residence of the Mayor of New York City. Built in 1799, it is located in Carl Schurz Park, at East End Avenue and 88th Street in the Yorkville, Manhattan, Yorkville neighbor ...
. Hamilton chose William Coleman as his first editor. The most famous 19th-century ''Evening Post'' editor was the poet and
abolitionist Abolitionism, or the abolitionist movement, was the movement to end slavery. In Western Europe and the Americas, abolitionism was a historic movement that sought to end the Atlantic slave trade and liberate the enslaved people. The British ...
William Cullen Bryant William Cullen Bryant (November 3, 1794 – June 12, 1878) was an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the '' New York Evening Post''. Youth and education Bryant was born on November 3, 1794, in a log cabin near Cummingt ...

William Cullen Bryant
. So well respected was the ''Evening Post'' under Bryant's editorship, it received praise from the English philosopher
John Stuart Mill John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 7 May 1873), also cited as J. S. Mill, was an English philosopher, Political economy, political economist, Member of Parliament (United Kingdom), Member of Parliament (MP) and civil servant. One of the most i ...
, in 1864. In the summer of 1829, Bryant invited William Leggett, the
Locofoco The Locofocos (also Loco Focos or Loco-focos) were a faction of the United States Democratic Party The Democratic Party is one of the two major Major is a military rank of commissioned officer status, with corresponding ranks existing ...
Democrat, to write for the paper. There, in addition to literary and drama reviews, Leggett began to write political editorials. Leggett's espoused a fierce opposition to
central banking Central is an adjective In linguistics, an adjective (list of glossing abbreviations, abbreviated ) is a word that grammatical modifier, modifies a noun or noun phrase or describes its referent. Its Semantics, semantic role is to change informa ...
and support for the organization of labor unions. He was a member of the Equal Rights Party. Leggett became a co-owner and editor at the ''Post'' in 1831, eventually working as sole editor of the newspaper while Bryant traveled in Europe in 1834 through 1835. Another co-owner of the paper was
John Bigelow John Bigelow Sr. (November 25, 1817 – December 19, 1911) was an US, American lawyer, statesman and a historian who edited the complete works of Benjamin Franklin. Early life Born in Malden-on-Hudson, New York, he graduated in 1835 from Union C ...

John Bigelow
. Born in Malden-on-Hudson, New York, John Bigelow, Sr. graduated in 1835 from Union College, where he was a member of the
Sigma Phi The Sigma Phi Society () was founded on the Fourth of March in the year 1827, on the campus of Union College Union College is a Private university, private liberal arts college in Schenectady, New York. Founded in 1795, it was the first instit ...
Society and the Philomathean Society, and was admitted to the bar in 1838. From 1849 to 1861, he was one of the editors and co-owners of the ''Evening Post''. In 1881,
Henry Villard Henry Villard (April 10, 1835 – November 12, 1900) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ...

Henry Villard
took control of the ''Evening Post'', as well as ''
The Nation ''The Nation'' is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, covering progressive Progressive may refer to: Politics * Progressivism is a political philosophy in support of social reform Political organizations * C ...
'', which became the ''Post''s weekly edition. With this acquisition, the paper was managed by the triumvirate of
Carl Schurz Carl Christian Schurz (; March 2, 1829 – May 14, 1906) was a German revolutionary and an American statesman, journalist, and reformer. He immigrated to the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United Sta ...

Carl Schurz
,
Horace White Horace White (October 7, 1865 – November 27, 1943) was an American lawyer and politician from New York (state), New York. He was the List of Governors of New York, 37th Governor of New York from October 6, 1910 to December 31, 1910. Life He at ...

Horace White
, and . When Schurz left the paper in 1883, Godkin became editor-in-chief. White became editor-in-chief in 1899, and remained in that role until his retirement in 1903. In 1897, both publications passed to the management of Villard's son,
Oswald Garrison Villard Villard in 1930 Oswald Garrison Villard (March 13, 1872 – October 1, 1949) was an American journalist and editor of the '' New York Evening Post.'' He was a civil rights activist, and along with his mother, Fanny Villard, a founding membe ...

Oswald Garrison Villard
, a founding member of both the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is a civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909 as an interracial endeavor to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E.&nb ...
and the
American Civil Liberties Union The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for ...
.


1918 to 1976

Villard sold the paper in 1918, after widespread allegations of pro-German sympathies during
World War I World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war engaged in by all or most of the principal nations of the world". The term is usually reserved for ...

World War I
hurt its circulation. The new owner was , a senior partner in the
Wall Street Wall Street is an eight-block-long street in the Financial District This is a list of financial districts in cities around the world. Background A financial district is usually a central area in a city where financial services firms suc ...

Wall Street
firm of J.P. Morgan & Co. Unable to stem the paper's financial losses, he sold it to a
consortium A consortium (plural: consortia) is an association Association may refer to: *Club (organization), an association of two or more people united by a common interest or goal *Trade association, an organization founded and funded by businesses tha ...

consortium
of 34 financial and reform political leaders, headed by
Edwin Francis Gay Edwin Francis Gay (October 27, 1867 – February 8, 1946) was an American economist An economist is a practitioner in the social sciences, social science discipline of economics. The individual may also study, develop, and apply theories and c ...
, dean of the
Harvard Business School Harvard Business School (HBS) is the graduate Graduate refers to someone who has been the subject of a graduation, namely, someone who has completed the requirements of an academic degree. Education * Graduate, an alumnus * Graduate diploma, ...
, whose members included
Franklin D. Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt (, ; January 30, 1882April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American politician who served as the 32nd president of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945. A member of the De ...

Franklin D. Roosevelt
. Conservative Cyrus H. K. Curtis, publisher of the ''
Ladies Home Journal ''Ladies' Home Journal'' was an American magazine published by the Meredith Corporation. It was first published on February 16, 1883, and eventually became one of the leading women's magazines of the 20th century in the United States. From 1891 it ...
'', purchased the ''Evening Post'' in 1924 and briefly turned it into a non-sensational
tabloid Tabloid may refer to: * Tabloid journalism, a type of journalism * Tabloid (newspaper format), a newspaper with compact page size ** Chinese tabloid * Tabloid (paper size), a North American paper size * Tabloid (film), ''Tabloid'' (film), a 2010 d ...
in 1933. In 1928, Wilella Waldorf became drama editor at the ''Evening Post''. She was one of the first women to hold an editorial role at the newspaper, During her time at the ''Evening Post'', she was the only female first-string critic on a New York newspaper. She was proceeded by Clara Savage Littledale, the first woman reporter ever hired by the ''Post'' and the editor of the woman's page in 1914.Littledale, Clara Savage. Edited by Barbara Sicherman, 1934– and Carol Hurd Green, 1935–; in Notable American Women: The Modern Period (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1980), 458–459 In 1934,
J. David Stern Julius David Stern (April 1, 1886 – October 10, 1971) was an American newspaper publisher, best known as the liberal Democratic publisher of ''The Philadelphia Record ''The Philadelphia Record'' was a daily newspaper published in Philadelphia, ...
purchased the paper, changed its name to the ''New York Post'', and restored its broadsheet size and liberal perspective. In 1939,
Dorothy Schiff Dorothy Schiff (March 11, 1903 – August 30, 1989) was an American businesswoman who was the owner and then publisher of the ''New York Post The ''New York Post'' (sometimes abbreviated as ''NY Post'') is a Conservatism in the United States, ...
purchased the paper. Her husband George Backer was named editor and publisher. Her second editor and third husband
Ted ThackreyTheodore Otis "Ted" Thackrey (November 17, 1901 - October 24, 1980) was an United States, American journalist and publisher, best known as the editor of the ''New York Post'' in the 1940s, and the founder of the Left-wing, leftist New York City newsp ...
became co-publisher and co-editor with Schiff in 1942. Together, they recast the newspaper into its modern-day tabloid format. In 1948, ''
The Bronx Home News ''The Bronx Home News'' (originally ''The Home News'') was a newspaper from The Bronx The Bronx () is a borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' ...
'' merged with it. In 1949, James Wechsler became editor of the paper, running both the news and the editorial pages. In 1961, he turned over the news section to Paul Sann and stayed on as editorial page editor until 1980. Under Schiff's tenure the ''Post'' was devoted to liberalism, supporting trade unions and social welfare, and featured some of the most popular columnists of the time, such as
Joseph Cookman Joseph ‘Joe’ Cookman (February 6, 1899 – August 12, 1944) was an United States, American journalist, critic and a founder of The Newspaper Guild. Life and career Early life Born in 1899, in Batley, England, a suburb of Leeds, Joseph was ...
, Drew Pearson,
Eleanor Roosevelt Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (; October 11, 1884November 7, 1962) was an American political figure, diplomat, and activist. She served as the first lady of the United States The first lady of the United States (FLOTUS) is the title held by the ...
,
Max Lerner Max Lerner (1902–1992) was a Russian-born American journalist and educator known for his controversial syndicated column A column or pillar in architecture and structural engineering is a structural element that transmits, through compressi ...
, ,
Pete Hamill Pete Hamill (born William Peter Hamill; June 24, 1935August 5, 2020) was an American journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and ...
, and
Eric Sevareid Arnold Eric Sevareid (November 26, 1912 – July 9, 1992) was an American author and CBS news journalist from 1939 to 1977. He was one of a group of elite war correspondents who were hired by CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow and nicknamed " Murrow's&n ...
, in addition to theatre critic Richard Watts Jr. and
gossip Gossip is idle talk or rumour, especially about the personal or private affairs of others; the act is also known as dishing or tattling. Gossip is a topic of research in evolutionary psychology, which has found gossip to be an important means ...

gossip
columnist A columnist is a person who writes for publication in a series, creating an article that usually offers commentary and opinions. Columns A column or pillar in architecture File:Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne ( ...
Earl Wilson.


1976 to present

In November 1976, it was announced that Australian
Rupert Murdoch Keith Rupert Murdoch ( ; born 11 March 1931) is an Australian-born American billionaire businessman, media tycoon, and investor. Through his company News Corp The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an Am ...

Rupert Murdoch
had bought the ''Post'' from Schiff with the intention she would remain as a consultant for five years. It later emerged that Murdoch bought the newspaper for US$30.5 million. The ''Post'' at this point was the only surviving afternoon daily in New York City and its circulation under Schiff had grown by two-thirds, particularly after the failure of the competing '' World Journal Tribune''; however, the rising cost of operating an afternoon daily in a city with worsening daytime traffic congestion, combined with mounting competition from expanded local radio and TV news cut into the ''Post''s profitability, though it made money from 1949 until Schiff's final year of ownership, when it lost $500,000. The paper has lost money ever since. In late October 1995, the ''Post'' announced plans to change its Monday through Saturday publication schedule and begin issuing a Sunday edition, which it last published briefly in 1989. On April 14, 1996, the ''Post'' delivered its new Sunday edition at the cost of 50 cents per paper by keeping its size to 120 pages. The amount, significantly less than Sunday editions from ''
The New York Daily News The New York ''Daily News'', officially titled the ''Daily News'', is a left-wing Left-wing politics supports social equality and egalitarianism Egalitarianism (), or equalitarianism, is a school of thought within political philos ...
'' and ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', was part of ''Post''s efforts "to find a niche in the nation's most competitive newspaper market". Because of the institution of federal regulations limiting media cross-ownership after Murdoch's purchase of WNEW-TV (now
WNYW WNYW, virtual channel 5 ( UHF digital channel 27), is the East Coast flagship station of the Fox television network, licensed to New York, New York New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cit ...
) and four other stations from
Metromedia Metromedia (also often MetroMedia) was an American media company that owned radio station, radio and television stations in the United States from 1956 to 1986 and controlled Orion Pictures from 1988 to 1997. Metromedia was established in 1956 aft ...
to launch the
Fox Broadcasting Company The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized in all caps as FOX) is an Television in the United States, American Commercial broadcasting, commercial terrestrial television, broadcast television network owned by Fox Corporati ...
, Murdoch was forced to sell the paper for $37.6 million in 1988 to Peter S. Kalikow, a real-estate magnate with no news experience. In 1988, the ''Post'' hired Jane Amsterdam, founding editor of '' Manhattan, inc.'', as its first female editor, and within six months the paper had toned down the sensationalist headlines. Within a year, Amsterdam was forced out by Kalikow, who reportedly told her "credible doesn't sell ... Your big scoops are great, but they don't sell more papers." When Kalikow declared bankruptcy in 1993, the paper was temporarily managed by Steven Hoffenberg, a financier who later pleaded guilty to
securities A security is a tradable financial asset A financial asset is a non-physical asset In financial accounting Financial accounting is the field of accounting Accounting or Accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication o ...
fraud In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by ...

fraud
, and for two weeks by Abe Hirschfeld, who made his fortune building parking garages. After a staff revolt against the Hoffenberg-Hirschfeld partnership, which included publication of an issue whose front page featured the iconic masthead picture of founder Alexander Hamilton with a single teardrop running down his cheek, the ''Post'' was again purchased in 1993 by Murdoch's News Corporation. This came about after numerous political officials, including Democratic governor of New York
Mario Cuomo Mario Matthew Cuomo (, ; June 15, 1932 – January 1, 2015) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 52nd Governor of New York for three terms, from 1983 to 1994. A member of the Democratic Party, Cuomo previously served as ...

Mario Cuomo
, persuaded the
Federal Communications Commission The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. I ...
to grant Murdoch a permanent waiver from the cross-ownership rules that had forced him to sell the paper five years earlier. Without that FCC ruling, the paper would have shut down. In December 2012, Murdoch announced that Jesse Angelo had been appointed publisher. Various branches of Murdoch's media groups,
21st Century Fox Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., doing business as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for ...

21st Century Fox
's
Endemol Shine North America Endemol B.V. was a Dutch-based media company that produced and distributed multiplatform entertainment content. The company annually produced more than 15,000 hours of programming across scripted and non-scripted genres, including drama, reality ...
and
News Corp The current incarnation of News Corporation, stylized as News Corp, is an American mass media and publishing company operating across digital real estate information, news media, book publishing, and cable television. It was formed in 2013 as ...
' New York Post created a ''Page Six TV'' nightly gossip show based and named after the Post's gossip section. A test run in July would occur on
Fox Television Stations Fox Television Stations, LLC (FTS; alternately Fox Television Stations Group, LLC), is a group of television stations located within the United States, which are owned-and-operated by the Fox Broadcasting Company, a subsidiary of the Fox Corp ...
. The show garnered the highest ratings of a nationally syndicated entertainment newsmagazine in a decade when it debuted in 2017. With ''Page Six TV''s success, the ''New York Post'' formed New York Post Entertainment, a scripted and unscripted television entertainment division, in July 2018 with Troy Searer as president. In 2017, the ''New York Post'' was reported to be the preferred newspaper of U.S. president
Donald Trump Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is an American politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective reci ...

Donald Trump
, who maintains frequent contact with its owner Murdoch. The ''Post'' had promoted Trump's celebrity since at least the 1980s. In October 2020, the ''Post'' endorsed Trump for re-election, citing his "promises made, promises kept" policy. Weeks after Trump was defeated and he sought to overturn the election results, the ''Post'' published a front-page editorial asking the president to "stop the insanity", stating that he was "cheering for an undemocratic coup", commenting: "If you insist on spending your final days in office threatening to burn it all down, that will be how you are remembered. Not as a revolutionary, but as the anarchist holding the match." The ''Post'' characterized Trump attorney
Sidney Powell Sidney Katherine Powell (born 1955) is an American attorney and former federal prosecutor, best known for her promotion of conspiracy theories in attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election. After graduating from law sch ...
as a "crazy person", and his former national security advisor
Michael Flynn Michael Thomas Flynn (born December 24, 1958) is a retired United States Army Lieutenant General (United States), lieutenant general who was the 25th U.S. National Security Advisor for the first 22 days of the Trump administration. He resigned ...

Michael Flynn
’s suggestion to declare martial law as "tantamount to treason." Around March 2021, Keith Poole, a top editor at '' The Sun'', another Murdoch-owned tabloid, was appointed as the editor in chief at the ''New York Post''. Around the same time, at least eight journalists had left the paper.


Content, coverage, and controversies

The ''Post'' has been criticized since the beginning of Murdoch's ownership for
sensationalism In journalism and mass media, sensationalism is a type of editorial tactic. Events and topics in news stories are selected and worded to excite the greatest number of readers and viewers. This style of news reporting encourages Media bias, biase ...
, blatant
advocacy Advocacy is an activity Activity may refer to: * Action (philosophy), in general * Human activity: human behavior, in sociology behavior may refer to all basic human actions, economics may study human economic activities and along with cyber ...

advocacy
, and
conservatism Conservatism is an aesthetic Aesthetics, or esthetics (), is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of beauty and taste (sociology), taste, as well as the philosophy of art (its own area of philosophy that comes out of ae ...
bias Bias is a disproportionate weight ''in favor of'' or ''against'' an idea or thing, usually in a way that is closed-minded Open-mindedness is receptiveness to new ideas. Open-mindedness relates to the way in which people approach the views and kn ...
. In 1980, the ''
Columbia Journalism Review The ''Columbia Journalism Review'' (''CJR'') is a biannual magazine for professional journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and d ...
'' stated that the "''New York Post'' is no longer merely a journalistic problem. It is a social problem—a force for evil."''
Columbia Journalism Review The ''Columbia Journalism Review'' (''CJR'') is a biannual magazine for professional journalist A journalist is an individual trained to collect/gather information in form of text, audio or pictures, processes them to a news-worthy form and d ...
'', volume 18, number 5 (Jan/Feb 1980), pp. 22–23.
The ''Post'' has been accused of contorting its news coverage to suit Murdoch's business needs, in particular avoiding subjects which could be unflattering to the government of the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
, where Murdoch has invested heavily in satellite television. In a 2019 article in ''
The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism Journalism is the production and distribution of report Image:Hurt Report cover page.png, 220px, Example of a front page of a report A report is a document that pr ...

The New Yorker
'',
Ken Auletta Kenneth B. Auletta (born April 23, 1942) is an American writer, journalist, and media critic for ''The New Yorker ''The New Yorker'' is an American weekly magazine featuring journalism, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, carto ...
wrote that Murdoch "doesn't hesitate to use the ''Post'' to belittle his business opponents", and went on to say that Murdoch's support for Edward I. Koch while he was running for mayor of New York "spilled over onto the news pages of the ''Post'', with the paper regularly publishing glowing stories about Koch and sometimes savage accounts of his four primary opponents." According to ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'',
Ronald Reagan Ronald Wilson Reagan ( ; February 6, 1911June 5, 2004) was an American politician who served as the 40th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of ...

Ronald Reagan
's campaign team credited Murdoch and the Post for his victory in New York in the 1980 United States presidential election. Reagan later "waived a prohibition against owning a television station and a newspaper in the same market", allowing Murdoch to continue to control the ''New York Post'' and ''
The Boston Herald The ''Boston Herald'' is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. ...
'' while expanding into television. In 1997, ''Post'' executive editor Steven D. Cuozzo responded to criticism by saying that the ''Post'' "broke the elitist media stranglehold on the national agenda." In a 2004 survey conducted by Pace University, the ''Post'' was rated the least-credible major news outlet in New York, and the only news outlet to receive more responses calling it "not credible" than credible (44% not credible to 39% credible). The ''Post'' commonly publishes news reports based entirely on reporting from other sources without independent corroboration. In January 2021, the paper forbade the use of CNN, MSNBC, ''The Washington Post'', and ''The New York Times'' as sole sources for such stories.


Style

Murdoch imported the tabloid journalism style of many of his Australian and British newspapers, such as '' The Sun'', which remains one of the highest selling daily newspapers in the United Kingdom. This style was typified by the ''Post''s famous headlines such as "Headless body in topless bar" (shown on the right, written by Vincent Musetto). In its 35th-anniversary edition, ''New York (magazine), New York'' magazine listed this as one of the greatest headlines. It also has five other ''Post'' headlines in its "Greatest Tabloid Headlines" list. The ''Post'' has also been criticized for incendiary front-page headlines, such as one referring to the co-chairmen of the Iraq Study Group—James Baker and Lee H. Hamilton, Lee Hamilton—as "Cheese-eating surrender monkeys, surrender monkeys", and another on the murder of Hasidic landlord Murder of Menachem Stark, Menachem Stark reading "Slumlord found burned in dumpster. Who didn’t want him dead?"


Page Six

The gossip section "Page Six" was created by James Brady (columnist), James Brady and is currently edited by Emily Smith (although it no longer actually appears on page six of the tabloid). Columnist Richard Johnson (columnist), Richard Johnson edited Page Six for 25 years. February 2006 saw the debut of ''Page Six Magazine'', distributed free inside the paper. In September 2007, it started to be distributed weekly in the Sunday edition of the paper. In January 2009, publication of ''Page Six Magazine'' was cut to four times a year. Beginning with the 2017–18 television season, a daily broadcast syndication, syndicated series known as ''Page Six TV'' came to air, produced by 20th Television, which was part of the
21st Century Fox Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., doing business as A trade name, trading name, or business name is a pseudonym A pseudonym () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) or alias () is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for ...

21st Century Fox
side of Rupert Murdoch's holdings, and
Endemol Shine North America Endemol B.V. was a Dutch-based media company that produced and distributed multiplatform entertainment content. The company annually produced more than 15,000 hours of programming across scripted and non-scripted genres, including drama, reality ...
. The show was originally hosted by comedian John Fugelsang, with contributions from ''Page Six'' and ''Post'' writers (including Carlos Greer), along with regular panelists Elizabeth Wagmeister from ''Variety (magazine), Variety'' and Bevy Smith. In March 2018, Fugelsang left the show, with the expectation that a new host would be named, though by the end of the season, it was announced that Wagmeister, Greer and Smith would be retained as equal co-hosts. In April 2019, it was confirmed that the series would end after May 2019; by then, it was last in average viewership out of all U.S. syndicated newsmagazine programs, behind the similar tabloid-inspired program ''Daily Mail TV''.


Erroneous reporting and defamation cases arising from bombings

Richard Jewell, a security guard wrongly suspected of being the Centennial Olympic Park bombing, Centennial Olympic Park bomber, sued the ''Post'' in 1998, alleging that the newspaper had libeled him in several articles, headlines, photographs, and editorial cartoons. U.S. District Judge Loretta Preska largely denied the ''Post''s motion to dismiss, allowing the suit to proceed. The ''Post'' subsequently settled the case for an undisclosed sum. In several stories on the day of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, the ''Post'' inaccurately reported that twelve people had died, and that a Saudi Arabia, Saudi national had been taken into custody as a suspect, which was denied by Boston Police. Three days later, on April 18, the ''Post'' featured a full-page cover photo of two young men at the Boston marathon with the headline "Bagman, Bag Men" (a term that implies criminality) and erroneously claimed they were being sought by police. The men, Salaheddin Barhoum and Yassine Zaimi, were not considered suspects, and the ''Post'' was heavily criticized for the apparent accusation. Then-editor Col Allan defended the story, saying they had not referred to the men as "suspects". The two men later sued the ''Post'' for libel, and the suit was settled in 2014 on undisclosed terms.


Accusations of racism

In 1989, the ''Post'' described the five black and Latino teenagers arrested following Central Park jogger case, the rape and assault of a white woman in Central Park as coming "from a world of crack, welfare, guns, knives, indifference, and ignorance [...] a land of no fathers", and having set out "to smash, hurt, rob, stomp, rape" people who were "rich" and "white". The teenagers’ convictions were later overturned after the confession of a serial rapist, which was confirmed with DNA evidence. In 2006, several Asian-American advocacy groups protested the use of the headline "Wok This Way" for a ''Post'' article about U.S. president George W. Bush's meeting with Hu Jintao, President of the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

People's Republic of China
. In 2009, the ''Post'' ran a cartoon by Sean Delonas of a white police officer saying to another white police officer who has just shot a Common chimpanzee, chimpanzee on the street: "They'll have to find someone else to write the next American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, stimulus bill." The cartoon dually referred to U.S. president Obama and to the recent rampage of Travis (chimpanzee), Travis, a former chimpanzee actor. It was criticized as racist,Roland S. Martin
Commentary: NY Post cartoon is racist and careless
, CNN, February 18, 2009, Accessed February 19, 2009.
with civil rights activist Al Sharpton calling the cartoon "troubling at best given the historic racist attacks of African-Americans as being synonymous with monkeys." The ''Post'' defended itself by stating that the cartoon was deliberately misinterpreted by its critics. The Public Enemy (band), Public Enemy song "A Letter to the ''New York Post''" from their album ''Apocalypse '91...The Enemy Strikes Black'' is a complaint about what they believed to be negative and inaccurate coverage blacks received from the paper. In 2019, the ''Post'' displayed an image of the World Trade Center in flames targeting Rep. Ilhan Omar, one of the first two Muslim women to serve in Congress. A quote by Representative Omar was included. The Yemeni American Merchant Association announced a formal boycott of the paper and ten of the most prominent Yemeni Convenience store, bodega owners in New York agreed to stop selling the paper. As of June 2019, the boycott had extended to over 900 individual stores. Yemeni-Americans own about half of the 10,000 bodegas in New York City. In 2020, the ''Post'' published an article with the headline "Suspected teen gunman Kyle Rittenhouse spotted cleaning Kenosha, Wisconsin, Kenosha graffiti before shooting". In response, actress Viola Davis posted a photo on Instagram comparing the headline with the ''Post'''s 2012 headline about Trayvon Martin, which read: "Trayvon Martin had traces of marijuana in system at time of death, autopsy reveals." The caption stated: "We need to boycott publications that continue to criminalize innocent [people of color] after they have been murdered by the law!!!"


Hunter Biden laptop story

During the closing days of the 2020 United States presidential election campaign, on October 14, 2020, the ''Post'' published a front-page story purporting to reveal "smoking gun" emails recovered from a laptop abandoned by Hunter Biden at a computer repair store in Wilmington, Delaware. The only sources named in the story were Republican Party (United States), Republican operatives Steve Bannon and Rudy Giuliani. The story came under heavy criticism from other news sources and anonymous reporters at the ''Post'' itself for "flimsy" reporting, including questions about the reliability of its sourcing and the lack of outreach to either Hunter Biden or the Joe Biden campaign for comment. More than fifty former U.S. intelligence officials signed an open letter stating that they were "deeply suspicious that the Russian government played a significant role" in the story, but emphasized that "we do not know if the emails... are genuine or not and that we do not have evidence of Russian involvement." The Director of National Intelligence John Ratcliffe (American politician), John Ratcliffe attempted to dispel these rumors, emphasizing that "the intelligence community doesn’t believe that [the emails originated from Russian disinformation] because there is no intelligence that supports that." The Federal Bureau of Investigation, FBI has had possession of the laptop since late 2019 and reported that they had "nothing to add" to Ratcliffe's remarks concerning Russian disinformation. A later publication by ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'' emphasized that "no concrete evidence has emerged that the laptop contains Russian disinformation", and that, after mounting pressure, the FBI wrote to Senator Ron Johnson (WI) and suggested that they have not found any Russian disinformation on the laptop. It is unclear what, if anything, the Justice Department officials knew at the time. Fox News reported that the laptop was seized as part of an investigation into money laundering, but did not make clear if the investigation involved Hunter Biden. ''The New York Times'' reported in December 2020 that investigators had initially examined possible money laundering by Hunter Biden but did not find evidence to justify further investigation. Social media networks Twitter and Facebook initially limited the spread of the ''Post'' story on their platforms, citing policies restricting the sharing of hacked material and personal information; this decision proved controversial, with many critics, including Republican U.S. senator Ted Cruz of Texas and a Harvard Law School lecturer, deriding it as censorship. NPR reported that Twitter initially declined to comment how it reached this decision or what evidence it had supporting this. ''The New York Times'' initially reported that the story had been pitched to other outlets, including Fox News, which declined to publish it due to concerns over its reliability. ''The New York Times'' also reported that two writers at the ''Post'', Bruce Golding and one other, declined to have their names attached to the story, and ultimately the story only listed two bylines: Gabrielle Fonrouge, who "had little to do with the reporting or writing of the article" and was unaware of the byline prior to the story's publication, and Emma-Jo Morris, a former producer for Fox News's ''Hannity'' who had no prior bylines with the ''Post''. In response to the concerns about the veracity of the article, former ''Post'' editor-in-chief and current advisor Colin Allan responded in an email to the ''Times'' that “the senior editors at ''The Post'' made the decision to publish the Biden files after several days’ hard work established its merit." With concern to emails found on the laptop, according to a November 1, 2020, NBC News article, "no evidence has emerged that the documents are the product of Russian disinformation, as some experts initially suggested, but many questions remain about how the materials got into the hands of Trump’s lawyer Rudy Giuliani, who has met with Russian agents in his effort to dig up dirt on Biden." CNN reported that Giuliani and other Trump allies met with Kremlin-linked figures such as Andrii Derkach. Earlier in September 2020, the ''New York Post'' itself reported that Derkach was a "pro-Russian member of Kiev's parliament" and stated "Derkach also met with former New York Mayor Giuliani in Kiev in December last year to dig up dirt on Biden." In a March 2021 Director of National Intelligence, DNI report, U.S. intelligence concluded that "Russian state media, trolls, and online proxies, including those directed by Russian intelligence, published disparaging content about U.S. president Biden, his family, and the Democratic Party (United States), Democratic Party, and heavily amplified related content circulating in U.S. media, including stories centered on his son." This revived some interest in the Russian interference in the 2020 United States elections, Russian interference in the 2020 United States election and laptop story in the media, although the intelligence report did not specifically address the laptop story.


Other controversies

In 1997, a national news story concerning Rebecca Sealfon's victory in the Scripps National Spelling Bee circulated. Sealfon was sponsored by the ''Daily News (New York), Daily News'', a direct in-market competitor. The ''Post'' published a picture of her but altered the photograph to remove the name of the ''Daily News'' as printed on a placard she was wearing. In 2004, the ''Post'' ran a full-page cover photo of 19-year-old New York University student Diana Chien jumping to her death from the twenty-fourth story of a building. In 2012, the ''Post'' was criticized for running a photograph of a man struggling to climb back up onto a New York City Subway, subway platform as a train approached, along with the headline "DOOMED." Facing questions over why he didn't help the man, the photographer claimed he was not strong enough and had been attempting to use the flash on his camera to alert the driver of the oncoming train. In December 2020, the ''Post'' published a story outing an emergency medical technician who made additional income from posting explicit photographs of herself to the subscription website OnlyFans. The publication was widely criticized on social media as "doxxing someone simply for trying to earn a living." In April 2021, Facebook blocked users from sharing a ''Post'' story about Black Lives Matter co-founder Patrisse Cullors using millions of dollars to buy several homes, saying that it violated its privacy and personal information policy. In response, the ''Post'' argued that it was an arbitrary decision since other newspapers, magazines and websites highlight the real estate purchases of high status individuals. News Media Alliance CEO David Chavern also voiced criticism of the decision, saying in a prepared statement: "There is no balance of power between ‘media’ and 'Big Tech. In April 2021, the ''Post'' published a false front-page story asserting that copies of a book by vice president Kamala Harris were being distributed to migrant children at an intake facility in Long Beach, California. Fox News then published a story about the matter, followed by numerous Republican politicians and pundits commenting on it, in some cases speculating that taxpayers were funding the supposed book handouts for Harris's personal profit. Responding to questions from Fox News correspondent Peter Doocy, White House press secretary Jen Psaki expressed no knowledge of the matter; the ''Post'' then published a new story headlined "Psaki has no answers when asked about Harris' book being given to child migrants." Four days after the original publication, the ''Post'' replaced the story with a new version clarifying that just one Harris book had been donated by a community member but maintained that it was an "open-arms gesture by the Biden administration", though there was no evidence of the administration's involvement. Laura Italiano, the author of the story, resigned that day, asserting she had been "ordered" to write it.


"Oldest" claim

The 1801-established newspaper describes itself as the nation's oldest continuously published ''daily'' newspaper; however, it is widely understood that this claim is false, since the ''New York Post'' halted publication during strikes in 1958 and 1978. Therefore, ''The Providence Journal'' is understood as the nation's oldest continuously published ''daily'' newspaper. While it began daily publication on July 21, 1829 (28 years after the New York Post), it has not halted daily publication once since its founding, unlike the New York Daily Post. ''The Hartford Courant'', generally understood to be the oldest continuously published newspaper, was founded in 1764; however, it was founded as a semi-weekly paper and did not begin publishing daily until 1836, 35 years after the ''New York Post'' began doing so, and cannot be considered a true challenge to the ''New York Post'' claim as "the nation's oldest continuously published daily newspaper", despite it being an older continuously published paper than the ''New York Post''. ''The New Hampshire Gazette'' trademarked its claim of being ''The Nation's Oldest Newspaper'', as it was founded in 1756; however, it was founded as a weekly paper and since the 1890s has only published on the weekends. To date, ''The New Hampshire Gazette'' has never published daily and therefore cannot be considered a challenger to the ''New York Post'' claim as the nation's oldest continuously published daily newspaper.


Operations

The 1906 Old New York Evening Post Building is a designated landmark. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. It occupied the building until 1926 when a new main office for the ''Post'' was established at 75 West Street in the New York Evening Post Building. The building remained in use by the ''Post'' until 1970, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000. In 1967, Schiff bought 210 South Street, the former headquarters of the ''New York Journal American'', which closed a year earlier. The building became an instantly recognizable symbol for the ''Post''. In 1995, owner Rupert Murdoch relocated ''Post''s news and business offices to the 1211 Avenue of the Americas, News Corporation headquarters tower at 1211 Sixth Avenue (Manhattan), Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue) in midtown Manhattan. The ''Post'' shares this building with Fox News Channel and ''The Wall Street Journal'', both of which are also owned by Murdoch. Both the ''Post'' and the New York City edition of the ''Journal'' are printed at a state-of-the-art printing plant in the borough of The Bronx. The Newspaper and Mail Deliverers Union has been delivering the newspaper "since the early 1900s."


Website

In 1996, the ''New York Post'' launched an Internet version of the paper. In 2014, it launched the website ''Decider'', which provides recommendations for streaming services.


Sales

The daily circulation of ''Post'' decreased in the final years of the Schiff era from 700,000 around 1967–68, to approximately 517,000 by the time she sold the paper to Murdoch in 1976. Under Murdoch, the ''Post'' launched a morning edition to compete directly with the rival tabloid ''New York Daily News, Daily News'' in 1978, prompting the ''Daily News'' to retaliate with a PM edition called ''Daily News Tonight''. But the PM edition suffered the same problems with worsening daytime traffic that the afternoon ''Post'' experienced and the ''Daily News'' ultimately folded ''Tonight'' in 1981. By that time, circulation of the all-day ''Post'' soared to a peak of 962,000, the bulk of the increase attributed to its morning edition (It set a single-day record of 1.1 million on August 11, 1977, with the news of the arrest the night before of David Berkowitz, the infamous "Son of Sam" serial killer who terrorized New York for much of that summer). However, the ''Post'' lost so much money that Murdoch decided to shut down the ''Post''s PM edition in 1982, turning the ''Post'' into a morning-only daily. The ''Post'' and the ''Daily News'' have been locked in a bitter circulation war ever since. A resurgence during the first decade of the 21st century saw ''Post'' circulation rise to 724,748 by April 2007, achieved partly by lowering the price from 50 cents to 25 cents. In October 2006, the ''Post'' surpassed the ''Daily News'' in circulation for the first time, only to see the ''Daily News'' overtake its rival a few months later. In 2010, the ''Post''s daily circulation was 525,004, just 10,000 behind the ''Daily News''. , the ''Post'' was the fourth-largest newspaper in the United States by circulation, while the ''Daily News'' was ranked eighth. The ''Post'' has remained unprofitable since Murdoch first purchased it from Dorothy Schiff in 1976, and was on the brink of folding when Murdoch bought it back in 1993, with at least one media report in 2012 indicating that ''Post'' loses up to $70 million a year. One commentator has suggested that the ''Post'' cannot become profitable as long as the competing ''Daily News'' survives, and that Murdoch may be trying to force the ''Daily News'' to fold or sell out, leaving the two papers in an intractable Attrition warfare, war of attrition.


See also

* Media in New York City


References


Further reading

* Crittle, Simon. ''The Last Godfather: The Rise and Fall of Joey Massino''. New York: Berkley, 2006. . * Felix, Antonia, and the editors of ''New York Post''. ''The Post's New York: Celebrating 200 Years of New York City As Seen Through the Pages and Pictures of the New York Post''. New York: HarperResource, 2001. . * Flood, John, and Jim McGough
"People v. Newspaper and Mail Deliverers' Union of New York and Vicinity"
Organized Crime & Political Corruption. Accessed June 5, 2008. * Nardoza, Robert

The United States Attorney's Office: Eastern District of New York press release. July 12, 2006. Accessed June 5, 2008.

Penal Law: A Web. Accessed June 5, 2008. * Robbins, Tom. [http://www.villagevoice.com/news/0110,robbins,22839,1.html "The Newspaper Racket: Tough Guys and Wiseguys in the Truck Drivers Union"]. ''The Village Voice'', March 7–13, 2001. Accessed June 5, 2008.


External links

* {{News Corporation New York Post, 1801 establishments in New York (state) Alexander Hamilton Conservative media in the United States Daily newspapers published in New York City News Corporation subsidiaries New Right (United States) Publications established in 1801