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New Taipei City (known as Taipei County until 2010) is a special municipality in
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
. Located in
northern TaiwanThe regions of Taiwan are based on the historical administrative divisions. However, most of the definitions are not precise. Division into two regions * Eastern and Western Taiwan: the Central Mountain Range separates Taiwan into east and west. :* ...
, the city includes a substantial stretch of the island's northern coastline and surrounds the
Taipei Basin Taipei is the bright blue and red area in the lower center of the image. A portion of the city sits on an island surrounded by the Keelung River and Tamsui River. Space Radar Map by NASA">Tamsui_River.html" ;"title="Keelung River and Tamsui Rive ...
, making it the second largest special municipality by area, behind
Kaohsiung Kaohsiung City (; : ; : ''Kao¹-hsiung²'') is a in southern . It ranges from the coastal urban centre to the rural with an area of . Kaohsiung city has a population of approximately 2.77 million people and is Taiwan's third most popu ...

Kaohsiung
. New Taipei City is bordered by
Keelung Keelung (; Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government ...
to the northeast, Yilan County to the southeast, and Taoyuan to the southwest. It completely surrounds
Taipei Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the Capital city, capital and a Special municipality (Taiwan), special municipality of the Taiwan, Republic of China (Taiwan). Located in Regions of Taiwan, Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of t ...

Taipei
.
Banqiao District Banqiao District () is a district and the seat of New Taipei City, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or ...
is its municipal seat and biggest commercial area. Until 2010, the area that roughly corresponds to the present New Taipei City was known as Taipei County.


Name

New Taipei City was known as Taipei County before its promotion to
city statusCity status is a symbolic and legal designation given by a national or subnational government. A municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-governmen ...
in 2010. After the county's population overtook that of
Taipei City Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the capital and a special municipality of Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China ( ...

Taipei City
, it was decided that the county should be promoted to city status; however, it could not also be renamed as "Taipei City". The name of the new entity () was at first rendered in English as Xinbei City via
pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan and Singapore. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin, ...

pinyin
romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign lan ...
, but both candidates for the city's first mayoral election opposed the name. Consequently, citing public opinion, the inaugural mayor,
Eric Chu Eric Chu Li-luan (; born on 7 June 1961) is a Taiwanese politician. He was born into a political family with strong Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT) () is a major political party in Taiwan which originated as a revolutionary political pa ...
, requested and received approval from the
Ministry of the Interior A ministry of home affairs is a common type of government department that serves as an interior ministry. Examples include: Lists of current ministries of home affairs Named "ministry" * Ministry of Internal Affairs (Adygea) * Ministry of I ...
(MOI) to render the name in English as New Taipei City. This rendering became official on 31 December 2010.


History


Early history

Archeological records show that New Taipei City had been inhabited since the
Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, also known as world history, is t ...
period, with artifacts dug in
Bali District Bali District () is a suburban district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, ...
having shown remains as early as 7000 to 4700 BC. The region around New Taipei City area was once inhabited by
KetagalanImage:Formosan Distribution en.png, Ketagalan people live in northern Taiwan Ketagalan or Ketangalan () are a Taiwanese aborigines, Taiwanese aboriginal people originating in what is now the Taipei Basin. Their Ketagalan language, language has now ...
plains aborigines, and evidence shows that the Atayal had inhabited
Wulai District Wulai District ( Atayal: Ulay; ) is a mountain indigenous district in southern New Taipei City New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a countr ...
. The earliest recorded migration by people from
mainland China The term "mainland China" refers to the area directly governed by the People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies b ...

mainland China
dated back as early as 1620, when the local tribes were driven into the mountain areas. Over the years, many of the aborigines have assimilated into the general population.


Qing dynasty

During the Qing Dynasty rule of Taiwan, the
Han Chinese The Han Chinese (), or the Han people (), is an East Asian East Asia is the east East is one of the four cardinal direction The four cardinal directions, or cardinal points, are the directions north North is one of the four ...
people began to settle in the area now designated as New Taipei City in 1694 and the number of immigrants from mainland China had further increased. After decades of development and prosperity,
Tamsui Tamsui District (Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior gov ...
had become an international commercial port by 1850.
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...

British
consulate and stores were established in the region, which helped promote the local tea business, resulting in massive tea leaf exports to
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
. In 1875,
Shen Baozhen Shen Baozhen (1820–1879), formerly romanized Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the science, scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods fo ...
called for the establishment of
Taipeh PrefectureTaipeh Prefecture () was a Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last History of China#Imperial China, imperial Dynasties in Chinese history, dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled China proper f ...
. Fujian-Taiwan-Province was declared in 1887 and the present-day New Taipei City area fell under the jurisdiction of Taipeh Prefecture.


Japanese rule

In 1895, Taiwan was ceded by the
Qing dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Pr ...
to the
Empire of Japan The was a historical nation-state A nation state is a political unit where the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of Sta ...

Empire of Japan
. During
Japanese rule Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan, an island country in East Asia * Japanese language, spoken mainly in Japan * Japanese people, the ethnic group that identifies with Japan through culture or ancestry ** Japanese diaspora ...
, the New Taipei City area was administered under
Taihoku Prefecture Taihoku Prefecture (台北州; ''Taihoku-shū'') was an administrative division of Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's l ...

Taihoku Prefecture
together with modern-day
Taipei Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the Capital city, capital and a Special municipality (Taiwan), special municipality of the Taiwan, Republic of China (Taiwan). Located in Regions of Taiwan, Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of t ...

Taipei
,
Keelung Keelung (; Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government ...
and Yilan County. Gold and other mineral deposits were discovered at Keelung Mountain, triggering a mining boom in the region. In October 1896, Japanese government divided the mining area around Keelung Mountain into two districts: an eastern district, designated as
Kinkaseki
Kinkaseki
, and a western district, designated as
Kyūfun
Kyūfun
. Both districts are now parts of
Ruifang District Ruifang District () is a suburban district in eastern New Taipei City, Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the ...
. They also issued regulations barring local Taiwanese mining companies from mining in the area, giving the mining rights to Japanese companies instead.


Republic of China

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...
in October 1945, from 25 December of the same year, the present New Taipei City area was administered as Taipei County with Banqiao City as the
county seat A county seat is an administrative centerAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government, or a county town, or the place where the central administration of a Township, commune is located. In countries with Fre ...
. In July 1949, the size of Taipei County was reduced when
Beitou Beitou District is the northernmost of the twelve districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first- ...
and
ShilinShilin may refer to: China *Shilin Yi Autonomous County (石林彝族自治县), of Kunming, Yunnan **Stone Forest (石林), karst formations in Shilin County, Yunnan *Shilinxia, scenic area in Pinggu District, Beijing Taiwan *Shilin District (士 ...
townships were put under the jurisdiction of the newly created Caoshan Administrative Bureau, which would later be renamed the Yangmingshan Administrative Bureau. On 1 July 1968, the size of Taipei County was further reduced by when Jingmei, Muzha, Nangang and
Neihu Neihu District is a district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, counties, ...
townships, along with
Beitou Beitou District is the northernmost of the twelve districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first- ...
and
ShilinShilin may refer to: China *Shilin Yi Autonomous County (石林彝族自治县), of Kunming, Yunnan **Stone Forest (石林), karst formations in Shilin County, Yunnan *Shilinxia, scenic area in Pinggu District, Beijing Taiwan *Shilin District (士 ...
, were merged into
Taipei City Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''maju ...

Taipei City
. The county afterward had ten county-administered cities ( Banqiao,
Luzhou Luzhou (; Sichuanese Pinyin Sichuanese Pinyin (Si4cuan1hua4 Pin1yin1; ), is a romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Latin script, Roman (Latin) script, or ...
,
Sanchong
Sanchong
, Shulin, Tucheng,
Xizhi Xizhi () is an inner city district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, se ...
, Xindian, Yonghe, Zhonghe); four urban townships ( Ruifang, Sanxia,
Tamsui Tamsui District (Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior gov ...
, Yingge); and fifteen rural townships (
Bali Bali () ( ban, ) is a province of Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia ...
,
Gongliao Gongliao District (; originally ) is a rural district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning r ...
, Jinshan, Linkou, Pinglin,
Pingxi Pingxi District (; also spelled Pinghsi), is a rural district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning ...
, Sanzhi, Shenkeng, Shiding, Shimen, Shuangxi, Taishan, Wanli, Wugu,
Wulai Wulai District ( Atayal: Ulay; ) is a mountain indigenous district in southern New Taipei City New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a count ...
). It was further divided into 1,017
villages A village is a clustered human settlement or Residential community, community, larger than a hamlet (place), hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population typ ...
and 21,683 neighborhoods. In August 1992, due to the adjustment of the demarcation line between Taipei City and Taipei County around Neigou and Daking Creeks, the area of Taipei County was decreased by . On 25 December 2010, Taipei County was upgraded to a special municipality as New Taipei City consisting of 29
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic ...
with
Banqiao District Banqiao District () is a district and the seat of New Taipei City, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or ...
as the municipal seat.


Demography


Population variation

Since 1981.


Geography

New Taipei City is located at the northern tip of Taiwan Island. It covers a vast territory with a varied topology, including mountains, hills, plains and basins. In the northern part lies of coastline with gorgeous shorelines and beaches. The
Tamsui River The Tamsui River (formerly Chinese romanization, romanized as Danshui River, ) is a river in northern Taiwan. Geography The Tamsui River begins at the confluence of Xindian River and Dahan River at the western boundary of Taipei and New Taipei ...
is the main river flowing through New Taipei City. Other large tributaries are the Xindian,
Keelung Keelung (; Hokkien Pe̍h-ōe-jī, POJ: '), officially known as Keelung City, is a major port Provincial city (Taiwan), city situated in the northeastern part of Taiwan. It borders New Taipei with which it forms the Taipei–Keelung metropolitan ...
and Dahan rivers, sections of which constitute riverside parks. The tallest peak in the city is Mount Zhuzi, standing at 1,094 m and located in the
Sanzhi District Sanzhi District () is a rural district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, ...
.


Climate

The climate of the city is characterized as a
humid subtropical climate A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitude In geography Geograp ...
with seasonal monsoons with ample rainfall evenly distributed throughout the year. Seasonal variations of temperatures are noticeable although temperatures typically varies from warm to hot throughout the year, except when cold fronts strikes during the winter months when temperatures can sometimes dip below . January is typically the coolest month and July is usually the warmest.


Cityscape


Government

New Taipei City is a special municipality directly under the
central government A central government is the government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a month ...
of the Republic of China. The New Taipei City Government is headed by an elected
mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or , regardless whether it carries an actual with it) in an or government and participates in the exercise of , (either their ow ...
and is headquartered at the New Taipei City Hall at
Banqiao District Banqiao District () is a district and the seat of New Taipei City, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or ...
. The current mayor of New Taipei City is Hou Yu-ih of the
Kuomintang The Kuomintang (KMT), also referred to as the Guomindang (GMD) or the Chinese Nationalist Party, is a political party in the Taiwan, Republic of China, initially Republic of China (1912–1949), on the Mainland China, Chinese mainland and ...
.


Municipal administration

New Taipei City controls 28
districts A district is a type of administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic ...
() and 1 mountain indigenous district (). The sub-city entities consists of 1,017
villages A village is a clustered human settlement or Residential community, community, larger than a hamlet (place), hamlet but smaller than a town (although the word is often used to describe both hamlets and smaller towns), with a population typ ...
(), which in turn are divided into 21,683 neighborhoods (). The municipal seat is located at
Banqiao District Banqiao District () is a district and the seat of New Taipei City, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or ...
. Colors indicates the common languages status of
Formosan languages The Formosan languages are the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which are Austronesian. The Taiwanese indigenous peoples recognized by the government are about 2.3% of the island's population. However, only 35% speak their ...

Formosan languages
within each division.


Central government

Many agencies of the central government are located in New Taipei City due to its proximity to the capital Taipei City. The
Council of Indigenous Peoples The Council of Indigenous Peoples (CIP; ), formerly known as the Council of Aboriginal Affairs, is a ministry-level body under the Executive Yuan in Taiwan (Republic of China). It was established to serve the needs of Taiwanese indigenous peoples ...
,
Hakka Affairs Council The Hakka Affairs Council (HAC; , Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Hak-kâ Vî-yèn-fi) is a Cabinet (government), cabinet-level unit under the Executive Yuan of the government of Taiwan. Its mission is to revitalize Taiwanese Hakka, Hakka language and culture, and ...
and
Ministry of Culture A culture minister or a heritage minister is a common cabinet position in government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associat ...
are headquartered in
Xinzhuang District Xinzhuang District () is an inner city District (Taiwan), district in the western part of New Taipei in northern Taiwan. It has an area of and a population of 413,443 people (2016). History A former name of the area is ''Pulauan'' (). On 15 ...
at the Xinzhuang Joint Office Tower. The
Architecture and Building Research Institute The Architecture and Building Research Institute (ABRI; ) a leading national research agency in Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () i ...
,
Taiwan Transportation Safety Board The Taiwan Transportation Safety Board (TTSB, ) is an independent government agency of the Republic of China responsible for major transportation accidents on aviation, railways, waterways, and highways in Taiwan. The council is headquartered in X ...

Taiwan Transportation Safety Board
and
National Airborne Service Corps The National Airborne Service Corps (NASC; ) is the agency of the Ministry of the Interior A ministry of home affairs is a common type of government department that serves as an interior ministry. Examples include: Lists of current minist ...
,
National Fire Agency The National Fire Agency of the Ministry of the Interior (NFA; ) is a statutory agency under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of China (Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbou ...
of the
Ministry of the Interior A ministry of home affairs is a common type of government department that serves as an interior ministry. Examples include: Lists of current ministries of home affairs Named "ministry" * Ministry of Internal Affairs (Adygea) * Ministry of I ...
and the National Science and Technology Center for Disaster Reduction of the
Ministry of Science and TechnologyA Science Ministry or Department of Science is a ministry or other government agency charged with science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and Taxonomy (ge ...
are located in
Xindian District Xindian District () is an inner city district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or cou ...
.
Financial Supervisory CommissionFinancial Supervisory Commission may refer to: *Financial Supervisory Commission (Republic of China) *Financial Supervisory Commission (South Korea) {{Disambig ...
is located at
Banqiao District Banqiao District () is a district and the seat of New Taipei City, Taiwan. It has the third-highest population density in Taiwan, with over 24,000 people per km2. Until the creation of New Taipei City, Banqiao (then transliterated as Banciao or ...
. The
Atomic Energy Council The Atomic Energy Council (AEC; ) is an independent government agency of the Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, re ...
is located at
Yonghe District Yonghe District () is an urban area in the southern part of New Taipei, Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the n ...
. The
National Academy for Educational Research The National Academy for Educational Research (NAER; ) is the agency of the Ministry of Education (Taiwan), Ministry of Education of Taiwan, Taiwan (ROC) responsible for conducting research in the field of education, offering training courses to s ...
of the
Ministry of Education An education ministry is a national or subnational government agency A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government The machinery of government (so ...
is located at
Sanxia District Sanxia District () is an urban District (Taiwan), district in the southwestern part of New Taipei, Taiwan. It is the second largest district in New Taipei City after Wulai District. Name The old name of Sanxia, ''Sa-kak-eng'' () refers to the ...
.


Demographics and culture


Population

New Taipei City has an estimated population of around 4 million. Over 80% of New Taipei City's residents live in the 10 districts that were formerly county-administered cities ( Banqiao,
Luzhou Luzhou (; Sichuanese Pinyin Sichuanese Pinyin (Si4cuan1hua4 Pin1yin1; ), is a romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics, is the conversion of writing from a different writing system to the Latin script, Roman (Latin) script, or ...
, , Shulin, Tucheng,
Xizhi Xizhi () is an inner city district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, se ...
, Xindian, Xinzhuang, Yonghe and Zhonghe), which account for one-sixth of the area. 28.80% of the residents moved into the area from
Taipei City Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''maju ...

Taipei City
. Around 70% of the population living in New Taipei City come from different parts of Taiwan, and there are around foreigners residing in the city, making New Taipei City the third largest municipality in Taiwan in terms of foreign resident population.


Religion

The city is home to 952 registered temples and 120 churches, including 160 Buddhist-Taoist temples and more than 3,000 Taoist shrines. The city also houses five major Buddhist monasteries, such as the
Dharma Drum Mountain Dharma Drum Mountain (DDM; ) is an international Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, ...

Dharma Drum Mountain
in
Jinshan District Jinshan District, is a suburb The Swedish suburbs of Husby/Kista/Akalla are built according to the typical city planning of the Million Programme. A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a mixed-use or residential area, existing eit ...
and Ling-jiou Mountain Monastery in
Gongliao District Gongliao District (; originally ) is a rural district A district is a type of that, in some countries, is managed by the . Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning s or , several , subdivisions of municip ...
. On average, there are two worship places in every square kilometer around the city.
Xizhi District Xizhi () is an inner city district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, se ...
and
Sanxia District Sanxia District () is an urban District (Taiwan), district in the southwestern part of New Taipei, Taiwan. It is the second largest district in New Taipei City after Wulai District. Name The old name of Sanxia, ''Sa-kak-eng'' () refers to the ...
have the highest number of registered temples, while
Wulai District Wulai District ( Atayal: Ulay; ) is a mountain indigenous district in southern New Taipei City New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a countr ...
has the fewest. New Taipei City houses the in
Yonghe District Yonghe District () is an urban area in the southern part of New Taipei, Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the n ...
.


Sports

New Taipei City is home to the
Banqiao Stadium The Banqiao Stadium () is a multi-purpose stadium in Banqiao District, New Taipei, Taiwan. It is administered by the New Taipei City Government. It consists of several parts, of which the Banqiao First Stadium (Traditional Chinese: 板橋第一運 ...
and
Xinzhuang Baseball Stadium The Xinzhuang Baseball Stadium () is a baseball stadium A baseball park, also known as a ballpark or diamond, is a venue where baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take t ...
. Below is a list of recent sporting events hosted by the city: *2016 International Children's Games: the first major international sports event held by New Taipei City. * New Taipei City Wan Jin Shi Marathon: the first and only IAAF Silver Label marathon race in Taiwan. * 2025 Summer World Masters Games: New Taipei City will co-host the international
multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexandria, Egypt Sports clubs *AC Sporting, a football club from Beirut, Lebanon *Alexandria Sporting Club, a sp ...
with
Taipei Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the Capital city, capital and a Special municipality (Taiwan), special municipality of the Taiwan, Republic of China (Taiwan). Located in Regions of Taiwan, Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of t ...

Taipei
.


Economy

Due to its strategic location, New Taipei City is the second major city of business industries after Taipei, with over 250,000 privately owned companies (Including Acer Computers Inc.) and 20,000 factories scattered around five industrial parks with a total capital of NT$1.8 trillion. There are also many high technology industry, service industry and tourism industry, contributing a significant amount of GDP to Taiwan. The five major industries in the city are information technology (IT), telecommunications, digital contents, biotechnology and precision instruments. The city is among the top three cities in the global market in terms of IT product production volume, securing more than 50% of the global market share for products such as motherboards, notebooks, LCD monitors and CRT monitors.


Creative industries

New Taipei City is also filled with many cultural and creative industries, such as pottery in Yingge District, Liuli industry in Tamsui District, drum industry in
Xinzhuang District Xinzhuang District () is an inner city District (Taiwan), district in the western part of New Taipei in northern Taiwan. It has an area of and a population of 413,443 people (2016). History A former name of the area is ''Pulauan'' (). On 15 ...
, dye industry in
Sanxia District Sanxia District () is an urban District (Taiwan), district in the southwestern part of New Taipei, Taiwan. It is the second largest district in New Taipei City after Wulai District. Name The old name of Sanxia, ''Sa-kak-eng'' () refers to the ...
, noble metal processing industry in
Ruifang District Ruifang District () is a suburban district in eastern New Taipei City, Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the ...
, sky lantern industry in Pingxi District, etc. The Taiwan Film Culture Center is planned to be built in
Xinzhuang District Xinzhuang District () is an inner city District (Taiwan), district in the western part of New Taipei in northern Taiwan. It has an area of and a population of 413,443 people (2016). History A former name of the area is ''Pulauan'' (). On 15 ...
for the key resource of the development of film industries in Taiwan. The Knowledge Industry Park is also planned to be built in the same district to encourage the clustering and expansion of digital content companies and will help turn the city into a virtual digital entertainment park.


Logistic industries

The Port of Taipei located in
Bali District Bali District () is a suburban district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, ...
has the capability of fitting container ships weighing up to 80,000 tons and transporting more than 2 million TEU annually. The Tamsui Fisherman's Wharf in Tamsui District serves as the main port for fishing boats, as well as for sightseeing and leisure.


Education

Education in New Taipei City is governed by the Education Department of New Taipei City Government. The city population is highly educated, with over 38% of the people received higher education.


Universities and colleges

There are currently 24 colleges and universities in New Taipei City. Fu Jen Catholic University and National Taipei University are the representative university of New Taipei City by ''QS Most Affordable Cities for Students Ranking''. Some of the other universities and colleges in the city are Aletheia University, Asia Eastern University of Science and Technology, Cardinal Tien College of Healthcare and Management, Huafan University, HungKuo Delin University of Technology, Hwa Hsia University of Technology, Hsing Wu University, Lee-Ming Institute of Technology, Mackay Medical College, Ming Chi University of Technology, St. John's University (Taiwan), St. John's University, Taipei University of Marine Technology etc.


Public libraries

Founded in 1914, the National Taiwan Library, the oldest public library in Taiwan, is located in the city at Zhonghe District.


Education centers

Opened in January 2008, the Sustainable Development Education Center in
Bali District Bali District () is a suburban district A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by the local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or County, ...
is a center for wetland conservation education.


Energy


Power generation

New Taipei City houses one of Taiwan's current active nuclear power plants, the Kuosheng Nuclear Power Plant in Wanli District, New Taipei, Wanli District. The planned fourth nuclear power plant, Lungmen Nuclear Power Plant, located at
Gongliao District Gongliao District (; originally ) is a rural district A district is a type of that, in some countries, is managed by the . Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning s or , several , subdivisions of municip ...
has currently been halted due to public opposition. Other power generators in the city are the Linkou Power Plant, Linkou Coal-Fired Power Plant in Linkou District and Feicui Dam, Feitsui Hydroelectric Power Plant in Shiding District.


Green energy and energy saving

New Taipei City is developing to be a Green Future City. The city provides a Carbon Reduction Clinic for houses and businesses with general consultation and on-site inspections for greener equipment, in which it is helped by the low-carbon community subsidies. The city also implements the Assist Industries with Cleaner Production Plan to help businesses adapt to the efforts toward becoming green industries. The New Taipei City Government, city government also actively promoting green energy industries and smart electric vehicles. In January 2016, New Taipei City was the top in terms of electricity saving in Taiwan, in which electricity consumption for the period April–November 2015 was cut down by 1.24%.


Tourist attractions

New Taipei City has a wide range of historical, natural and cultural attractions for tourists. Tourism-related industries in the city are governed by the Tourism and Travel Department of New Taipei City Government.


Historical

Historical attractions include Bitoujiao Lighthouse, Chin Pao San, Fort San Domingo, Hobe Fort, Ōgon Shrine, Tamsui Old Street, Lin Family Mansion and Garden, Fuguijiao Lighthouse, Cape Santiago Lighthouse, Taiwan, Cape San Diego Lighthouse, Wuzhi Mountain Military Cemetery and Qing dynasty remnants in Tamsui and the old mining towns of Jiufen, Jinguashi and Jingtong in the east. Sanxia houses the historic Sanxia Old Street.


Temples

Some of the most famous temples in the city are the Changfu Temple in
Sanxia District Sanxia District () is an urban District (Taiwan), district in the southwestern part of New Taipei, Taiwan. It is the second largest district in New Taipei City after Wulai District. Name The old name of Sanxia, ''Sa-kak-eng'' () refers to the ...
and Temple of the Eighteen Lords in Shimen District. The international headquarter of
Dharma Drum Mountain Dharma Drum Mountain (DDM; ) is an international Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social system, social-cultural system of designated religious behaviour, behaviors and practices, morality, ...

Dharma Drum Mountain
, one of the "Four Great Mountains (Taiwan), Four Great Mountains" or four major Buddhist organizations of Buddhism in Taiwan, Taiwanese Buddhism, is situated in
Jinshan District Jinshan District, is a suburb The Swedish suburbs of Husby/Kista/Akalla are built according to the typical city planning of the Million Programme. A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a mixed-use or residential area, existing eit ...
.


Museums and galleries

There are numerous notable museums and galleries, such as Drop of Water Memorial Hall, New Taipei City Gold Museum, Gold Museum, Jing-Mei White Terror Memorial Park, Jingtong Mining Industry Museum, Ju Ming Museum, Li Mei-shu Memorial Gallery, Li Tien-lu Hand Puppet Historical Museum, , New Taipei City Hakka Museum, New Taipei City Yingge Ceramics Museum, Ping-Lin Tea Museum, Sanxia History Museum, Shihsanhang Museum of Archaeology, Taiwan Coal Mine Museum, Taiwan Nougat Creativity Museum, Tamkang University Maritime Museum, Tamsui Art Gallery, Teng Feng Fish Ball Museum, Wulai Atayal Museum, Wulai Forestry Life Museum and Xinzhuang Culture and Arts Center.


Natural

Natural attractions include the Golden Waterfall, Golden, Lingjiao Waterfall, Lingjiao, Shifen Waterfall, Shifen and Wulai Waterfall, Wulai waterfalls, Bitan, Wulai Hot Spring, Stone Sculpture Park, Cape Santiago (Taiwan), Cape Santiago, Twin Candlestick Islets, Xinhai Constructed Wetland, Hoodoo (geology), hoodoo geological formations at the Yehliu seacoast, and hiking in Mount Guanyin (New Taipei), Mount Guanyin, Wulai, Pingxi and the Northeast Coast National Scenic Area, northeast coast. Tamsui Fisherman's Wharf along the
Tamsui River The Tamsui River (formerly Chinese romanization, romanized as Danshui River, ) is a river in northern Taiwan. Geography The Tamsui River begins at the confluence of Xindian River and Dahan River at the western boundary of Taipei and New Taipei ...
is a popular place for leisure and sightseeing. Popular beaches include Fulong Beach, Fulong, Yanliao Beach Park, Yanliao and Baisha Bay.


Theme parks and resorts

Theme parks and resorts in the city include Yehliu Ocean World, Yun Hsien Resort etc.


Night Markets

Famous night markets in the city are Lehua Night Market and Nanya Night Market.


Festivals

New Taipei City regularly hosts around 5,000 annual art, music and cultural festivals, such as the Hohaiyan Rock Festival in
Gongliao District Gongliao District (; originally ) is a rural district A district is a type of that, in some countries, is managed by the . Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning s or , several , subdivisions of municip ...
. The Lantern Festival is held regularly in the city particularly in Pingxi District, where sky lanterns are made throughout the year for people to buy. Guests can also learn how to make their own lanterns, paint their hopes, dreams and wishes on them, then release them to the sky in the hopes that their prayers will be answered. Other festivals include the Yeliu Religious Festival, Cherry Blossom Season, Ching Shui Tsu Shih Rituals, Mazu Cultural Festival, Zhonghe Water Festival, Green Bamboo Shoot Festival, Tung Blossom Festival, Fulong Sand Sculpture Festival, Shimen International Kite Festival, Taishan Lion Dance Culture Festival, Color Play Asia etc.


Transportation


Rail

The area is served by Taiwan High Speed Rail through the Banqiao station, Banqiao Station, which is an intermodal station with Taiwan Railways Administration (TRA) and Taipei Metro. The TRA's Yilan line, Yilan Line runs through Gongliao, Shuangxi and Ruifang. The Western Trunk line, Western Line runs through Xizhi, Banqiao, Shulin and Yingge. The Pingxi line, Pingxi Line connects Pingxi to Ruifang.
Wulai District Wulai District ( Atayal: Ulay; ) is a mountain indigenous district in southern New Taipei City New Taipei City is a special municipality and the most populous city in Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a countr ...
houses the Wulai Scenic Train.


Metro

The Taipei Metro serves the area through the following 5 lines # Bannan line, Bannan Line # Tamsui–Xinyi line, Tamsui-Xinyi Line # Songshan–Xindian line, Songshan–Xindian Line # Zhonghe–Xinlu line, Zhonghe-Xinlu Line # Circular line (Taipei Metro), Circular Line The Taoyuan Metro serves the following line: # Taoyuan Airport MRT The government's New Taipei Metro operates the following line: # Danhai light rail, Danhai Light Rail


Road

A famous bridge in New Taipei City is the Taipei Bridge, connecting New Taipei City with Taipei over the
Tamsui River The Tamsui River (formerly Chinese romanization, romanized as Danshui River, ) is a river in northern Taiwan. Geography The Tamsui River begins at the confluence of Xindian River and Dahan River at the western boundary of Taipei and New Taipei ...
. Another famous bridge is the New Taipei Bridge.


Air

The area's air traffic is served by Taoyuan International Airport, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport in neighboring Taoyuan City and Songshan Airport in Taipei.


See also

* Asteroid 200033 Newtaipei, named in honor of the city in 2018 * Chinese Exclusion Act * List of cities in Taiwan * List of Taiwanese superlatives


Notes


Words in native languages


References


External links

*
Taipeipedia
- a city wiki for foreigners * * {{Authority control New Taipei, Populated places established in 2010 2010 establishments in Taiwan Municipalities of Taiwan