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This is a glossary of nautical terms; some remain current, while many date from the 17th to 19th centuries. See also wikt:en:Nautical, Wiktionary's nautical terms, :Nautical terms, and Nautical metaphors in English. See the #Further reading, Further reading section for additional words and references.


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{{defn, no=1, To let a vessel's head fall off from the wind (to {{gli, leeward.) {{defn, no=2, During the Age of Sail, the practice of paying a crew its wages for the voyage when a vessel completed her voyage, at which point the crew was ''paid off''. {{defn, no=2, In British and Commonwealth usage, to {{gli, decommission a warship, e.g., "The old destroyer ''paid off'' after returning to port at the end of her final cruise." {{term, paying {{defn, Filling a seam (with {{gli, caulking or pitch), lubricating the running {{gli, rigging; paying with {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), slush, protecting from the weather by covering with slush. See also ''{{gli, the devil to pay''. {{term, paymaster {{defn, The officer responsible for all money matters in Royal Navy ships including the paying and provisioning of the crew, all stores, tools, and spare parts. See also ''{{gli, purser''. {{term, peak {{defn, no=1, The upper {{gli, aftermost corner of a {{gli, fore-and-aft rig, fore-and-aft {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail; used in many combinations, such as ''peak-halyards'', ''peak-brails'', etc. {{defn, no=2, The narrow part of a vessel's bow, or the {{gli, hold within it. {{defn, no=3, The extremity of an {{gli, anchor fluke; the bill. {{term, peaks {{defn, The uppermost {{gli, brail, brails on the {{gli, mainsail. Upper and lower peaks are normal, but a barge may carry a third set, too. {{term, pelagic {{defn, no=1, Living in the open ocean rather than coastal or inland waters (e.g. a pelagic shark). {{defn, no=2, Taking place in the open ocean (e.g. pelagic fishing, pelagic sealing). {{term, pendant {{defn, no=1, A length of wire or rope secured at one end to a {{gli, mast or {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar and having a {{gli, block or other fitting at the lower end. {{defn, no=2, A length of wire or rope hooked to a {{gli, tackle on {{gli, leeboard, leeboards. {{defn, no=3, An alternate spelling of {{gli, pennant. {{term, Pennant (commissioning), pennant {{defn, A long, thin triangular flag flown from the {{gli, masthead of a military ship (as opposed to a {{gli, burgee, the flags thus flown on yachts). {{term, :wikt:picaroon, picaroon {{defn, An obsolete (circa 17th century) term for a pirate: From Spanish. {{term, Picket (military), picket boat {{defn, A boat on sentry duty, or one placed on a line forward of a position to warn against an enemy advance. {{term, pier {{defn, A raised structure, typically supported by widely spread piles or pillars, used industrially for loading and unloading commercial ships, recreationally for walking and housing attractions at a seaside resort, or as a structure for use by boatless fishermen. The lighter structure of a pier contrasts with the more solid foundations of a {{gli, quay or the closely spaced piles of a {{gli, wharf. In North America, the term "pier" used alone connotes either a pier used (or formerly used) by commercial shipping or one used for fishing, while in Europe the term used alone connotes a recreational pier at a seaside resort. {{term, pier-head jump {{defn, When a sailor is drafted to a {{gli, warship at the last minute, just before she sails. {{term, maritime pilot, pilot {{defn, A specially knowledgeable person qualified to navigate a vessel through difficult waters, e.g. harbour pilot, etc. {{term, pilot boat {{defn, A type of boat used to transport maritime {{gli, pilot, pilots between land and the inbound or outbound ships that they are piloting. {{term, pilot ladder {{defn, A highly specialized form of rope ladder, typically used to embark and disembark {{gli, pilot, pilots over the side of a ship. Sometimes confused with {{gli, Jacob's ladder, Jacob's ladders, but the design and construction of pilot ladders is governed tightly by international regulation and includes spreaders – elongated versions of the standard machined step – rather than the type of steps generally found on Jacob′s ladders. {{term, pIM {{defn, Points (or plan) of intended movement. The charted course for a naval unit's movements. {{term, pinnace {{defn, no=1, (Pinnace (ship's boat), ship's boat) A small, light boat propelled by {{gli, oar, oars or a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, used as a {{gli, tender to larger vessels during the Age of Sail. {{defn, no=2, (full-rigged pinnace) A small "race built" {{gli, galleon, {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square rig, square-rigged with either two or three {{gli, mast, masts. {{defn, no=3, In modern usage, any small boat other than a {{gli, launch or {{gli, lifeboat associated with a larger vessel. {{term, pintle {{defn, The pin or bolt on which a ship's {{gli, rudder pivots. The pintle rests in the {{gli, gudgeon. {{term, pipe (bos'n's){{anchor, bosun's pipe, bos'n's pipe, bosun's call, bos'n's call {{ghat, Also bosun's call. {{defn, A whistle used by {{gli, boatswain, boatswains (bosuns or bos'ns) to issue commands. Consisting of a metal tube that directs the breath over an aperture on the top of a hollow ball to produce high-pitched notes. The pitch of the notes can be changed by partly covering the aperture with the finger of the hand in which the pipe is held. The shape of the instrument is similar to that of a smoking pipe. {{term, pipe down {{defn, A signal on the {{gli, bosun's pipe to signal the end of the day, requiring lights (and smoking pipes) to be extinguished and silence from the crew. {{term, piping the side {{defn, A salute on the {{gli, bosun's pipe, bosun's pipe(s) performed in the company of the deck watch on the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), starboard side of the {{gli, quarterdeck or at the head of the {{gli, gangway, to welcome or bid farewell to the ship's {{gli, captain, senior officers, and honoured visitors. {{term, piracy {{defn, An act of robbery or criminal violence at sea by the occupants of one vessel against the occupants of another vessel (and therefore excluding such acts committed by the crew or passengers of a vessel against others aboard the same vessel). Piracy is also distinguished from {{gli, privateering, which is authorized by national authorities and therefore a legitimate form of war-like activity by non-state actors. {{term, pirate {{defn, One who engages in an act of {{gli, piracy. {{term, ship motions, pitch {{defn, A vessel's motion, rotating about the {{gli, beam/transverse axis, causing the {{gli, fore and {{gli, aft ends to rise and fall repetitively. {{term, pitchpole {{defn, To capsize a boat stern over bow, rather than by rolling over. {{term, pivotting {{defn, To turn a sailing {{gli, barge in shallow water by dropping the {{gli, leeboard so it drags in the mud, then putting the {{gli, helm {{gli, hard over. The maneuver is often used to enter congested harbours. {{term, Planing (sailing), plane {{defn, To skim over the water at high speed rather than push through it. {{term, Plimsoll line{{anchor, National Load Line {{ghat, Also National Load Line. {{defn, A special marking, positioned {{gli, amidships, that indicates the {{gli, draft of the vessel and the legal limit to which the vessel may be loaded for specific water types and temperatures. {{term, plotting room {{defn, See ''{{gli, transmitting station''. {{term, point {{defn, A unit of bearing (navigation), bearing equal to {{frac, 32 of a circle, i.e. 11.25 degrees. A turn of 32 points is a complete turn through 360 degrees. {{term, point up {{ghat, Also {{gli, heading up. {{defn, To change the direction of a sailboat so that it is more upwind. To bring the {{gli, bow {{gli, windward. This is the opposite of {{gli, falling off. {{term, points of sail {{defn, The course of a sailing vessel in relation to the direction of the wind, divided into six points: ''{{gli, in irons'' (pointed directly into the wind), ''{{gli, close hauled'' (sailing as close into the direction of the wind as possible), ''{{gli, close reach'' (between close hauled and beam reach), ''{{gli, beam reach'' (perpendicular to the wind), ''{{gli, broad reach'' (wind behind the vessel at an angle), and ''{{gli, running downwind'' or ''running before the wind'' (wind directly behind the vessel). {{term, polacca{{anchor, polacre {{ghat, Also polacre. {{defn, A 17th-century sailing vessel commonly seen in the Mediterranean, similar to a {{gli, xebec with two or three {{gli, mast, masts; two-masted polaccas were known as ''brig-polaccas'' and three-masted polaccas as ''ship-polaccas'' or ''{{gli, polacca-settee, polacca-settees''. Polacca-settees had a {{gli, lateen sail on the {{gli, foremast, a European-style {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square rig on the {{gli, mainmast, and a {{gli, gaff or lateen on the {{gli, mizzenmast. {{term, polacca-settee {{defn, A three-masted {{gli, polacca. {{term, polacre {{defn, Another name for a {{gli, polacca. {{term, polacre-xebec {{defn, A type of {{gli, xebec with a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square rig on her {{gli, foremast, {{gli, lateen sails on her other masts, a {{gli, bowsprit, and two {{gli, headsail, headsails. A polacre-xebec differed from a {{gli, felucca in that a felucca had only lateen sails. {{term, Pontoon (boat), pontoon {{defn, A flat-bottomed vessel used as a {{gli, ferry, {{gli, barge, or {{gli, car float, or a {{gli, float moored alongside a {{gli, jetty or a ship to facilitate boarding. {{term, poop deck {{defn, A high {{gli, deck on the {{gli, aft superstructure of a ship. {{term, pooped {{defn, no=1, Swamped by a high, following sea. {{defn, no=2, Exhausted. {{term, port (nautical), port {{defn, The left side of a ship or vessel. Towards the left-hand side of the ship facing forward (formerly {{gli, larboard). Denoted with a red light at night. {{term, port of registry {{defn, The port listed in a vessel{{'s registration documents and lettered on her {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern. Often used incorrectly as a synonym for {{gli, home port, meaning the port at which the vessel is based, but it may differ from the port of registry. {{term, port tack {{defn, When sailing with the wind coming from the {{gli, port side of the vessel. Vessels on port tack must give way to those on {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), starboard tack. {{term, porthole {{ghat, Also simply port. {{defn, An opening in a ship's side, especially a round one for admitting light and air, fitted with thick glass and, often, a hinged metal cover, used as a window. {{term, portolan {{defn, An obsolete form of nautical chart used prior to the development of lines of latitude and longitude that indicated distances and bearing lines between ports. {{term, post-captain {{defn, An obsolete alternative form of the rank of {{gli, captain in the Royal Navy; once achieved, promotion thereafter was entirely due to seniority. {{term, post ship {{defn, The British term used from the second half of the 18th century until 1817 for a sixth rate {{gli, full-rigged ship, ship-rigged sailing warship armed with 20 to 26 guns, smaller than a {{gli, frigate but large enough to require a {{gli, post-captain as her commanding officer. {{term, powder hulk {{defn, A {{gli, hulk used to store gunpowder. {{term, powder magazine {{defn, A small room/closet area in the {{gli, hull of the ship used for storing gunpowder in barrels, or "kegs", usually located centrally so as to have easy access to the grated loading area. Sometimes may be an enclosed closet with a door, so it can be locked and only the captain would have the key, similar to how rum is stored. {{term, pratique {{defn, The license given to a ship to enter port on assurance from her captain that she is free from contagious disease. A ship can signal a request for pratique by flying a square solid-yellow flag. The clearance granted is commonly referred to as ''free pratique''. {{term, Pre-dreadnought battleship, predreadnought {{defn, A term used retrospectively after 1906 for a wide variety of steam {{gli, battleship, battleships built between the 1880s and c. 1905 designed with only a few large guns for long-range fire, relying on an intermediate secondary battery used at shorter ranges for most of their offensive power, and having triple-expansion steam engines. They were rendered obsolete by the revolutionary {{gli, dreadnought battleships, which began to appear in 1906 and differed from predreadnoughts in having steam turbine propulsion and an "all-big-gun" armament layout in which the ship{{'s primary gun power resided in a primary battery of its largest guns intended for use at long range, with other gun armament limited to small weapons intended for close-range defense against torpedo boats and other small warships. {{term, impressment, press gang {{defn, Formed body of personnel from a ship of the Royal Navy (either a ship seeking personnel for its own crew or from a "press tender" seeking men for a number of ships) that would identify and force ("press") men, usually merchant sailors, into service on naval ships, usually against their will. {{term, preventer {{ghat, Also gybe preventer and jibe preventer. {{defn, A sail control {{gli, line originating at some point on the {{gli, boom leading to a fixed point on the boat's {{gli, deck or {{gli, rail (usually a {{gli, cleat or {{gli, pad eye) used to prevent or moderate the effects of an accidental {{gli, jibe. {{term, Principal Naval Transport Officer {{defn, In British usage, a Principal Naval Transport Officer is a shore-based {{gli, flag officer or {{gli, captain responsible for sea transport duties, and for assisting the Senior Naval Officer in the preparation of naval orders and conducting {{gli, disembarkation, disembarkations. {{term, Principal Warfare Officer (PWO) {{defn, One of a number of Warfare branch specialist officers. {{term, prison ship{{anchor, prison hulk {{ghat, Also prison hulk. {{defn, A vessel used as a prison, often to hold convicts awaiting transportation to penal colonies; particularly common in the British Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries. {{term, private ship {{defn, In British usage, a commissioned {{gli, warship in active service that is not being used as the {{gli, flagship of a {{gli, flag officer. The term does not imply in any way that the ship is privately owned. {{term, privateer {{ghat, Also private man of war. {{defn, A privately owned ship authorised by a national power (by means of a {{gli, letter of marque) to conduct hostilities against an enemy. {{term, prize {{defn, A property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel. {{term, prize crew {{defn, Members of a warship{{'s crew assigned to man a vessel taken as a prize. {{term, propeller {{defn, no=1, (fixed) A propeller mounted on a rigid shaft protruding from the hull of a vessel, usually driven by an inboard motor. {{defn, no=2, (folding) A propeller with folding blades, furling to reduce drag on a sailing vessel when not in use. {{term, propeller walk{{anchor, prop walk {{ghat, Also prop walk. {{defn, The tendency for a {{gli, propeller to push the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern sideways. In theory, a right-hand propeller in reverse will walk the stern to {{gli, port. {{term, prow {{defn, no=1, The forwardmost part of a vessel′s {{gli, bow above her {{gli, waterline. {{defn, no=2, An alternative term for the {{gli, bow of a vessel, sometimes used poetically. {{term, puddening {{defn, Fibres of old rope packed between {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar, spars or used as a fender.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=112 {{term, punt (boat), punt {{defn, A flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow designed for use in small rivers or other shallow water and typically propelled by pushing against the riverbed with a pole. In this way it differs from a {{gli, gondola, which is propelled by an {{gli, oar. {{term, punting {{defn, Boating in a {{gli, punt. {{term, purchase {{defn, A mechanical method of increasing force, such as a {{gli, tackle or lever. {{term, purser {{defn, The person who buys, stores, and sells all stores on board ships, including victuals, rum, and tobacco. Originally a private merchant, latterly a warrant officer. {{glossary end


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{{glossary {{term, quarterdeck {{defn, The aftermost {{gli, deck of a {{gli, warship. During the Age of Sail, the quarterdeck was the preserve of the ship's officers. {{term, quartering sea {{defn, Seas approaching a vessel from between 105° and 165° to port or starboard. Aft of a beam sea and abeam of a following sea. {{term, Monarch, Queen's Regulations{{anchor, King's Regulations {{ghat, Also King's Regulations. {{defn, The standing orders governing the British Royal Navy issued in the name of the current Monarch. {{term, quay {{defn, no=1, A stone or concrete structure on navigable water used for loading and unloading vessels, generally synonymous with a {{gli, wharf, although the solid foundations of a quay contrast with the closely spaced piles of a wharf. When "quay" and "wharf" are used as synonyms, the term "quay" is more common in everyday speech in the United Kingdom, many British Commonwealth, Commonwealth countries, and the Republic of Ireland, while "wharf" is more commonly used in the United States. {{defn, no=2, To land or tie up at a quay. {{term, quayside {{defn, no=1, An area alongside a {{gli, quay. {{defn, no=2, Being alongside a quay, e.g. "The ship is moored quayside." {{term, quickwork{{anchor, lining {{ghat, Also lining. {{defn, The ceiling inside the {{gli, hull above the turn of the {{gli, bilge, usually being of lighter dimensions than the ceiling lower down (spirketting).{{sfn, Steffy, 2013 {{term, quoin (gunnery) {{defn, A wedge used to assist in the aiming of a cannon {{glossary end


R

{{glossary {{term, rabbet{{anchor, rebate {{ghat, Also rebate. {{defn, A groove cut in wood to form part of a joint. {{term, radar {{defn, An electronic system designed to transmit radio signals and receive reflected images of those signals from a "target" in order to determine the bearing and distance to the target. The term is an acronym for RAdio Detection And Ranging. {{term, radar reflector {{defn, A special fixture fitted to a vessel or incorporated into the design of certain {{gli, aid to navigation, aids to navigation to enhance their ability to reflect {{gli, radar energy. In general, these fixtures materially improve the visibility for use by vessels with radar. {{term, raft {{defn, A flat structure used for support or transportation over water, lacking a {{gli, hull and kept afloat by buoyant materials or structures such as wood, balsa, barrels, drums, inflated air chambers such as pontoons, or extruded polystyrene blocks. {{term, raft ship {{defn, Another name for a {{gli, disposable ship. {{term, rail meat A term used to describe the members of the sailboat crew that are using their body weight to control the angle of Sailing#heel, heel of the boat. {{term, rake {{defn, To incline from the perpendicular; something so inclined is said to be ''raked'' or ''raking'' (e.g. a ''raked'' or ''raking'' {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stem, {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern, {{gli, mast, funnel, etc. {{term, naval ram, ram {{defn, no=1, A weapon consisting of an underwater prolongation of the {{gli, bow of a vessel to form an armored beak, intended to be driven into the {{gli, hull of an enemy vessel in order to puncture the hull and disable or sink that vessel. {{defn, no=2, An armored {{gli, warship of the second half of the 19th century designed to use such a weapon as her primary means of attack. {{defn, no=3, To intentionally collide with another vessel with the intention of damaging or sinking her. {{defn, no=4, To accidentally collide bow-first with another vessel. {{term, range {{defn, no=1, To lay out a rope or chain on deck in a zig-zag or (for rope) a figure of eight pattern (as opposed to in a {{gli, coil) so that it can run freely. The zig-zag pattern may be described as {{gli, flakes.{{r, PBO{{sfn, Palmer, 1975 {{defn, no=2, The difference between the height of high and low tide – a figure that will vary from place to place and day to day.{{sfn, Palmer, 1975 {{defn, no=3, Distance from observer to object, such as in gunnery.{{sfn, Palmer, 1975 {{term, range clock {{defn, A clockwork device used aboard a warship to continuously calculate the range to an enemy ship. {{term, range lights {{defn, Two lights associated to form a range (a line formed by the extension of a line connecting two charted points, sometimes called a transit), which often, but not necessarily, indicate the channel {{gli, centerline. The front range light is the lower of the two, and nearer to the {{gli, mariner using the range; the rear light is higher and further from the mariner. {{term, naval rating, rating {{defn, no=1, In British usage, an enlisted member of a country's navy, i.e. all members of the navy who are not officers or warrant officers. {{defn, no=2, In contemporary U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard usage, the occupational specialty of an enlisted member of the service. {{term, ratlines {{ghat, Also rattlins or ratlins. {{defn, The rungs fastened between the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), shroud, shrouds permanently rigged from {{gli, bulwark, bulwarks and {{gli, top, tops to the {{gli, mast to form ladders enabling access to the {{gli, topmast, topmasts and {{gli, yard, yards. {{term, razee {{defn, no=1, A sailing ship that has been cut down to reduce the number of {{gli, deck, decks. {{defn, no=2, To cut down a sailing ship to reduce the number of decks. {{term, points of sail, reaching {{defn, Sailing across the wind: from about 60° to about 160° off the wind. Reaching consists of "close reaching" (about 60° to 80°), "beam reaching" (about 90°), and "broad reaching" (about 120° to 160°). See also ''{{gli, beating'' and ''{{gli, running''. {{term, reaching sail {{defn, A {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail specifically designed for tighter reaching legs. Reaching sails are often used in racing with a true wind angle of 35 to 95 degrees. They are generally used before the wind angle moves {{gli, aft enough to permit {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spinnaker, spinnakers to be flown. {{term, ready about {{defn, A call to indicate imminent {{gli, tacking. See ''{{gli, going about''. {{term, Receiver of Wreck {{defn, A government official whose duty is to give owners of {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), shipwreck, shipwrecks the opportunity to retrieve their property and ensure that law-abiding finders of wrecks receive an appropriate reward. {{term, receiving hulk{{anchor, receiving ship {{ghat, Also receiving ship. {{defn, A {{gli, hulk used in harbor to house newly recruited sailors before they are assigned to a crew. {{term, Red Duster {{defn, A traditional nickname for the {{gli, Red Ensign, the {{gli, civil ensign flown by civilian vessels of the United Kingdom. {{term, Red Ensign {{ghat, Also Red Duster. {{defn, A British flag flown as an {{gli, ensign by certain British ships. Since 1854, it has been flown by British {{gli, merchant ship, merchant ships (except for those authorized to fly the {{gli, Blue Ensign) as the United Kingdom′s {{gli, civil ensign. Prior to 1864, ships of the Royal Navy′s Red Squadron also flew it, but its naval use ended with the reorganisation of the Royal Navy in 1864. {{term, Red Right Return {{defn, A phrase used as a mnemonic to remember that the navigational standard for a vessel entering ("returning to") a port in the Americas (excluding Greenland), Japan, South Korea, and the Philippines is for her to steer so that red-marked navigational aids lie to starboard (to the "right") of an observer facing forward on the vessel, while green-marked aids must lie to port (i.e., to the left). This contrasts with the rest of the world, where the standard is the opposite, i.e., green markers must lie to starboard and red ones to port. {{term, red-to-red {{defn, A passage of two vessels moving in the opposite direction on their {{gli, port sides, so called because the red navigation light on one of the vessels faces the red light on the other vessel. {{term, reduced cat {{ghat, Also boys' pussy. {{defn, A light version of the {{gli, cat o'nine tails for use on boys. {{term, reef {{defn, no=1, (reef, noun) Rock or coral that is either partially submerged or fully submerged but shallow enough that a vessel with a sufficient {{gli, draft may touch or run {{gli, aground. {{defn, no=2, (reefing, verb) To temporarily reduce the area of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail exposed to the wind, usually to guard against adverse effects of strong wind or to slow the vessel. {{term, reef-points {{defn, Lengths of rope attached to a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail and used to tie up the part of a sail that is taken out of use when {{gli, reef, reefed. In older systems, such as {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square rig, square or {{gli, gaff rig, gaff rigs, the reef points take some of the load on the sail and distribute it to the {{gli, boltrope; with slab reefing, the reef-points just keep the sail fabric controlled in a tidy manner. Reef points may either be sewn to each side of the sail or passed through eyelets.{{sfn, Mayne, 2000{{r, PBO{{sfn, Cunliffe, 2016, p=125 {{term, reef-bands {{defn, Long pieces of rough canvas sewed across the sails to give them additional strength. {{term, reef-tackles {{defn, Ropes employed in the operation of reefing.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=24 {{term, reefer {{defn, no=1, A reefer ship, refrigerated cargo ship used to carry perishable goods that require refrigeration. Also ''reefer ship''. {{defn, no=2, A shipboard refrigerator. {{term, reeve {{defn, To thread a {{gli, line through {{gli, block, blocks in order to gain a mechanical advantage, such as in a block and tackle.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=24 {{term, regatta {{defn, A series of boat races, usually of sailboats or rowboats but occasionally of powered boats. {{term, regular ship {{defn, A term used by the British East India Company from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century for merchant ships that made "regular voyages" for it between England (later the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom) and ports east of the Cape of Good Hope, a trade over which the company held a strict monopoly. The company chartered most of its ships; "regular ships" were those under long-term charter, and the company kept their operations under tight control. A set of "regular ships" set off for Asian ports during each sailing season (September through April), and returned up to two years later. The status and role of "regular ships" differed from that of ships the company referred to as "chartered ships" (''q.v.''), "country ships" (''q.v.''), "extra ships" (''q.v.''), and "licensed ships" (''q.v.''). {{term, relative bearing {{defn, A {{gli, bearing relative to the direction of the ship: the clockwise angle between the ship's direction and an object. See also ''{{gli, absolute bearing''. {{term, repair ship {{defn, A naval auxiliary ship designed to provide maintenance support to other ships. {{term, replenishment oiler {{defn, A naval auxiliary ship which provides fuel and dry stores to other ships. {{term, research vessel {{defn, A ship designed and equipped to carry out research at sea, especially hydrographic surveys, oceanography, oceanographic research, Fisheries science, fisheries research, navy, naval research, polar region, polar research, and oil exploration. {{term, reserve fleet {{defn, A collection of naval vessels fully equipped for service but partially or fully decommissioned because they are not currently needed. In the modern United States, a reserve fleet is sometimes informally called a ''ghost fleet''. During the Age of Sail and well into the 19th century, ships in a reserve fleet were said to be ''{{gli, in ordinary''. {{term, rib tickler {{defn, A bargeman's name for the {{gli, tiller. {{term, riding light {{defn, A light hung from the {{gli, forestay when at {{gli, anchor. {{term, rigging {{defn, The system of {{gli, mast, masts and {{gli, line, lines on ships and other sailing vessels.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=24 {{term, rigging chocks {{defn, Thick blocks of wood fixed outside the rails to take the chain plates for the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), shroud, shrouds. {{term, rigging screw {{defn, A bottle screw used to keep wires taut. {{term, righting couple {{defn, The force that tends to restore a ship to equilibrium once a {{gli, heel has altered the relationship between her {{gli, center of buoyancy and her center of gravity. {{term, rigol {{defn, The rim or "eyebrow" above a {{gli, porthole or {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), scuttle. {{term, rip rap {{defn, A man-made pile of rocks and rubble used as a base to support an {{gli, aid to navigation, often an offshore lighthouse. {{term, ro-ro {{defn, See ''{{gli, roll-on/roll-off ship''. {{term, roads {{defn, See ''{{gli, roadstead''. {{term, roadstead {{ghat, Also roads. {{defn, A sheltered area outside a harbour where a ship can lie safe at anchor. {{term, Roaring Forties {{defn, Strong westerly winds found in the Southern Hemisphere, generally between the latitudes of 40th parallel south, 40 and 50th parallel south, 50 degrees. During the Age of Sail, ships took advantage of the Roaring Forties to speed their trips, and yacht sailors still do today. {{term, rode {{ghat, Also anchor rode. {{defn, The anchor line, rope, or cable connecting the {{gli, anchor chain to the vessel. {{term, rogue wave {{defn, Any surprisingly large wave for a given sea state; formally, a wave whose height is more than twice the significant wave height (i.e. the mean of the largest third of waves in a wave record). {{term, ship motions, roll {{defn, no=1, The side-to-side motion of a vessel as it rotates about the {{gli, fore-{{gli, aft (longitudinal) axis. {{gli, listing, Listing is a lasting, stable tilt, or {{gli, heel, along the longitudinal axis. {{defn, no=2, Another name for the longitudinal axis itself (e.g. the "roll axis"). {{term, roll-on/roll-off, roll-on/roll-off ship{{anchor, RORO, ro-ro {{ghat, Also RORO or ro-ro. {{defn, A vessel designed to carry wheeled cargo that can drive on and off the ship on its own wheels. {{term, rolling-tackle {{defn, A number of pulleys, engaged to confine the {{gli, yard to the weather side of a {{gli, mast; this tackle is much used in a rough sea.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=25 {{term, rolling vang {{defn, A second set of sprit-head {{gli, vang, vangs played out forward to rail near the {{gli, bow, bows, used to give additional control and support when needed in a seaway. {{term, romper {{defn, In a convoy, a ship that breaks ranks and "romps" ahead. {{term, ropes, the {{defn, no=1, All {{gli, cordage, the {{gli, line, lines in the {{gli, rigging. {{defn, no=2, Any cordage of over {{convert, 1, inch, cm in diameter.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=25 {{term, rope's end {{defn, A summary punishment device. {{term, rope yarn {{defn, no=1, A period, traditionally on Wednesday afternoons, when a tailor boarded a sailing warship while the vessel was in port; the {{gli, crew was excused from most duties and had light duty mending uniforms and hammocks and darning socks. When the ship was at sea, the crew similarly was excused from most duties on Wednesday afternoons to engage in mending chores. Wednesday afternoons, like Sundays, thus were a more social time when crewmen rested from normal duties, similar to a Sunday, and, because the crew used ''rope yarn'' for mending, Wednesday afternoon became known as ''rope yarn Sunday''. {{defn, no=2, After uniforms began to require less care, and through the mid-20th century, a period on Wednesday afternoons when naval crew members were excused from their regular duties to run personal errands. {{defn, no=3, Since the mid-20th century, any period of free time when a naval crew is given early liberty or otherwise excused from its normally scheduled duties. {{defn, no=4, One of the threads in a rope.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=25 {{term, round to {{defn, To turn the {{gli, bow of a vessel into the wind. {{term, rove {{defn, Past tense of {{gli, reeve.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=24 {{term, rowlock {{ghat, Also oarlock. {{defn, A bracket providing the fulcrum for an {{gli, oar. See also ''{{gli, thole''. {{term, royal {{defn, no=1, On large sailing ships, a {{gli, mast right above the {{gli, topgallant mast. {{defn, no=2, The {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail of such a mast. {{term, rubbing strake {{defn, An extra plank fitted to the outside of the {{gli, hull, usually at deck level, to protect the {{gli, topsides. {{term, rudder {{defn, A steering device that is placed {{gli, aft and is pivoted about a (usually vertical) axis to generate a yawing moment from the hydrodynamic forces that act on the rudder blade when it is angled to the flow of water over it. There are several types of rudder, which generally divide into outboard or inboard. An outboard rudder is hung (hinged) on the stern of the vessel. An inboard rudder has a stock which passes through a gland in the hull, with the structure of the hull continuing towards the stern above the rudder. A spade rudder is hinged solely on the stock and has no lower bearing to help take the loads. Other rudder types may be hinged on an extension of the {{gli, keel or on a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), skeg. Rudders may be balanced, by having some of the blade extend in front of the stock. {{term, rudderstock {{defn, The structural part of a rudder that transmits the torque created by the tiller or steering gear to the rudder blade. It may consist of a steel tube which passes through bearings in the hull above the rudder, or with a stern-hung rudder, is the structure carrying all or some of the pintles or gudgeons on which the rudder pivots. {{term, ruffle {{defn, Part of the anchor winch. This is a serrated iron ring attached to the barrel, to which the pawl is applied to prevent backruns of the anchor chain. {{term, rum-runner {{defn, See ''{{gli, go-fast boat''. {{term, rummage {{ghat, Also romage. {{defn, no=1, A place or room for the stowage of cargo in a vessel. {{defn, no=2, The act of stowing cargo aboard a vessel. {{defn, no=3, To arrange (cargo, goods, etc.) in the {{gli, hold of a vessel; to move or rearrange such goods; the pulling and moving about of packages incident to close stowage aboard a vessel. {{defn, no=4, To search a vessel for smuggled goods, e.g. "The customs officers rummaged the ship." {{term, rummage sale {{defn, A sale of damaged cargo (from French ''arrimage''). {{term, run {{defn, no=1, The {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern of the underwater body of a ship from where it begins to curve upward and inward. {{defn, no=2, A voyage, particularly a brief or routine one. {{term, points of sail, running before the wind{{anchor, running {{ghat, Also running. {{defn, Sailing more than about 160° away from the wind. If directly away from the wind, it is called a {{gli, dead run. {{term, running backstays {{defn, A {{gli, backstay that can be released and moved out of the way so that it does not interfere with sails or spars on the leeward side. On tacking, the new windward running backstay must be set up promptly to support the mast. {{term, running gear {{defn, no=1, The propellers, shafts, struts, and related parts of a motorboat. {{defn, no=2, The {{gli, running rigging (''q.v.'') of a sailing vessel. {{term, running rigging {{defn, {{ghat, Also running gear.{{gli, rigging, Rigging used to manipulate {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, sails, {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar, spars, etc. in order to control the movement of a sailing vessel. Contrast ''{{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), standing rigging''.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=26 {{glossary end


S

{{further, Glossary of nautical terms (S)


T

{{glossary {{term, tabernacle {{ghat, Also mast case. {{defn, A large bracket attached firmly to the {{gli, deck, to which the foot of the {{gli, mast is fixed. It has two sides or cheeks and a bolt forming the pivot around which the mast is raised and lowered. {{term, Tack (sailing), tack {{defn, no=1, A leg of the route of a sailing vessel, particularly in relation to {{gli, tacking and to {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), starboard tack and {{gli, port tack. {{defn, no=2, Another name for {{gli, hard tack. {{defn, no=3, The front bottom corner of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail. {{defn, no=4, A {{gli, rope or purchase holding down the {{gli, clew of a course.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{term, Tacking (sailing), tacking {{defn, no=1, Zig-zagging so as to sail directly towards the wind (and for some rigs also away from it).{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{defn, no=2, Another name for {{gli, going about. {{term, tacking duels {{defn, In sailboat racing, on an upwind leg of the race course, the complex manoeuvres of lead and overtaking boats to vie for the aerodynamic advantage of clear air. This results from the ongoing strategy of the lead boat's effort to keep the following boat(s) in the blanket of disturbed bad air he is creating. {{term, tackle {{defn, A pair of {{gli, block, blocks through which is rove a {{gli, rope to provide an advantageous purchase. Used for lifting heavy loads and to raise and {{gli, trim {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, sails. {{term, tactical diameter {{defn, The perpendicular distance between a ship's course when the {{gli, helm is put {{gli, hard over and her course when she has turned through 180 degrees; the ratio of the tactical diameter divided by the ship's {{gli, length between perpendiculars gives a dimensionless parameter that can be used to compare the manoeuvrability of ships. {{term, taffrail {{defn, A {{gli, rail at the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern of a boat that covers the head of the counter timbers. {{term, tail {{defn, The loose end of a rope that has been secured to a {{gli, winch or a {{gli, cleat. {{term, Drive shaft, tailshaft {{defn, A kind of metallic shafting (a rod of metal) to hold the propeller and connected to the power engine. When the tailshaft is moved, the propeller may also be moved for propulsion. {{term, taken aback {{defn, An inattentive {{gli, helmsman might allow the dangerous situation to arise where the wind is blowing into the sails "backwards", causing a sudden (and possibly dangerous) shift in the position of the sails. {{term, taking the wind out of his sails {{defn, To sail in a way that steals the wind from another ship. Compare ''{{gli, overbear''. {{term, taking on water {{ghat, Also taking water and taking in water. {{defn, Said of a vessel, to fill with water slowly, either because of a leak or because of waves washing across the deck. The term can be used to describe water entering the vessel by waves washing over her {{gli, bow or {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern, e.g., "The freighter ''took water'' over her bow," or "The motorboat ''took water'' over her stern." A vessel which continues to ''take on water'' eventually will sink. {{term, tall ship {{defn, A large, traditionally-rigged sailing vessel. {{term, tally {{defn, The operation of hauling {{gli, aft the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sheets, or drawing them in the direction of the ship's {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern. {{term, Tanker (ship), tanker{{anchor, tank ship, tankship {{ghat, Also tank ship or tankship. {{defn, A ship designed to transport liquids in bulk. {{term, target ship {{defn, A vessel, typically an obsolete or captured {{gli, warship, used for naval gunnery practice or for weapons testing. The term includes both ships intended to be sunk and ships intended to survive and see repeated use as targets. {{term, tartane {{ghat, Also tartan. {{defn, A small, {{gli, lateen rig, lateen-rigged, single-{{gli, mast, masted sailing ship used in the Mediterranean for fishing and coastal trade from the 16th century to the late 19th century. {{term, Task Force {{defn, Any temporary naval organisation composed of particular ships, aircraft, submarines, military land forces, or shore service units, assigned to fulfill certain missions. Seemingly drawn originally from Royal Navy heritage, the emphasis is placed on the individual commander of the unit, and references to "CTF" are common for "Commander Task Force". {{term, tattle tale {{defn, Light cord attached to a mooring line at two points a few inches apart with a slack section in between (resembling an inchworm) to indicate when the line is stretching from the ship's rising with the tide. Obviously only used when moored to a fixed dock or pier and only on watches with a flood tide. {{term, Tell-tale (sailing), tell-tale{{anchor, tell-tail {{ghat, Also tell-tail. {{defn, A light piece of string, yarn, rope, or plastic (often magnetic audio tape) attached to a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stay or a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), shroud to indicate the local wind direction. They may also be attached to the surface and/or the {{gli, leech of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail to indicate the state of the air flow over the surface of the sail. They are referenced when optimizing the {{gli, trim of the sails to achieve the best boat speed in the prevailing wind conditions. See ''{{gli, dogvane''. {{term, Ship's tender, tender {{ghat, Also ship's tender. {{defn, no=1, A type of naval {{gli, auxiliary ship designed to provide advanced basing services in undeveloped harbors to seaplanes, flying boats, torpedo boats, destroyers, or submarines. {{defn, no=2, A vessel used to provide transportation services for people and supplies to and from shore for a larger vessel. {{defn, no=3, A vessel used to maintain navigational aids, such as buoys and lighthouses. {{term, T.E.V. (or TEV){{anchor, TEV {{defn, A prefix for "turbo-electric vessel", used before a ship{{'s name. {{term, Texas (steamboat), texas {{defn, A structure or section of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), steamboat that includes the {{gli, pilothouse and the crew's quarters, located on the {{gli, hurricane deck, in this case also called the {{gli, texas deck. {{term, texas deck {{ghat, Also hurricane deck. {{defn, The {{gli, deck of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), steamboat on which its {{gli, texas is located. {{term, thimble {{defn, A round or heart-shaped grooved ring of iron inserted into an {{gli, eye-splice.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=114 {{term, third mate {{ghat, Also third officer. {{defn, A licensed member of the deck department of a {{gli, merchant ship, typically fourth, or on some ocean liners fifth, in command; a watchkeeping officer, customarily also the ship's safety officer, responsible for the ship{{'s firefighting equipment, {{gli, lifeboat, lifeboats, and other emergency systems. Other duties of the third mate vary depending on the type of ship, its crewing, and other factors. {{term, third officer {{defn, See ''{{gli, third mate''. {{term, thole {{defn, A vertical wooden peg or pin inserted through the {{gli, gunwale to form a fulcrum for {{gli, oar, oars when rowing. Used in place of a {{gli, rowlock. {{term, throat {{defn, no=1, The forward top corner of a square {{gli, fore-and-aft {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail. {{defn, no=2, The end of the {{gli, gaff, next to the {{gli, mast.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=34 {{term, three sheets to the wind {{defn, On a three-masted ship, having the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sheets of the three lower courses loose will result in the ship meandering aimlessly downwind. Also used to describe a sailor who has drunk strong spirits beyond his capacity. {{term, thunderboat {{defn, Alternative term for a {{gli, hydroplane. {{term, thwart {{ghat, Pronounced {{IPAc-en, θ, w, ɔːr, t. {{defn, A bench seat across the width of an open boat. {{term, tier {{defn, Vessels moored alongside each other offshore. {{term, tiller {{defn, A lever used for steering, attached to the top of the {{gli, rudder stock. Used mainly on smaller vessels, such as {{gli, dinghy, dinghies and rowing boats. {{term, tilt boat {{defn, A square sail {{gli, ferry operating out of Gravesend. Not less than 15 tons, carrying no more that 37 passengers, it had 5 oarsmen {{gli, afore the mast.{{sfn, Carr, 1951, p=37 {{term, timber drogher {{defn, Another name for a {{gli, disposable ship. {{term, timber ship {{defn, Another name for a {{gli, disposable ship. {{term, timoneer {{defn, A name given, on particular occasions, to the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), steersman of a ship. From the French ''timonnier''. {{term, tin can {{defn, United States Navy slang for a {{gli, destroyer; often shortened to ''can''. {{term, tinclad {{defn, A lightly armored steam-powered river {{gli, gunboat used by the United States Navy during the American Civil War (1861–1865). Also called a ''light draft''. A tinclad had thin iron armor, or in some cases thick wooden bulwarks rather than armor, sufficient to protect her machinery spaces and pilothouse against rifle fire but not against artillery fire. A tinclad contrasted with an {{gli, ironclad, which had armor thick enough for protection against artillery fire. {{term, tingle {{defn, A thin temporary patch. {{term, toe-rail {{defn, A low strip running around the edge of the {{gli, deck like a low {{gli, bulwark. It may be shortened or have gaps in it to allow water to flow off the deck. {{term, toe the line{{anchor, toe the mark {{ghat, Also toe the mark. {{defn, At parade, sailors and soldiers were required to stand in line, their toes in line with a seam of the {{gli, deck. {{term, tampion, tompion {{ghat, Also tampion. {{defn, A block of wood inserted into the barrel of a gun on a 19th-century {{gli, warship to keep out the sea spray; also used for covers for the ends of the barrels of the guns on more modern ships, the larger of which are often adorned with the ship's crest or other decoration. {{term, tonnage {{defn, no=1, Any of various measures of the size or cargo-carrying capacity of a ship in terms of weight or volume. {{defn, no=2, Builder's Old Measurement, also ''tons burden'': a volumetric measurement of cubic capacity used to calculate the cargo capacity of a ship, used in England and later the United Kingdom, from approximately 1650 to 1849 and in the United States from 1789 to 1864. It estimated the tonnage of a vessel based on her length and maximum {{gli, beam. The British formula yielded a slightly higher value than the U.S. formula. {{defn, no=3, Deadweight tonnage: the total weight a vessel can carry, exclusive of the mass of the vessel itself. {{defn, no=4, Displacement (ship), Displacement tonnage: the total weight of a vessel. {{defn, no=5, Gross register tonnage: the total internal volume of a vessel, with one gross register ton equal to 100 Cubic foot, cubic feet (2.8316846592 cubic meters). {{defn, no=6, Gross tonnage: a function of the volume of all of a ship{{'s internal spaces. {{defn, no=7, Lightship or lightweight tonnage: the weight of a ship without any fuel, cargo, supplies, water, passengers, etc. on board. {{defn, no=8, Net register tonnage: the volume of cargo a vessel can carry. {{defn, no=9, Net tonnage: the volume of all cargo spaces on a ship. {{defn, no=10, Thames Measurement tonnage: the volume of a small vessel, calculated based on her length and beam. {{term, Top (sailing ship), top {{defn, The platform at the upper end of each (lower) {{gli, mast of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square-rigged ship, typically one-fourth to one-third of the way up the mast. The main purpose of a top is to anchor the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), shrouds of the {{gli, topmast that extend above it. See also ''{{gli, fighting top''.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=35 {{term, topgallant {{defn, The {{gli, mast or {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, sails above the {{gli, top, tops. See ''{{gli, topgallant mast'' and ''{{gli, topgallant sail''.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{term, tophamper {{defn, no=1, A collective term for the {{gli, mast, masts, {{gli, yard, yards, {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, sails, and {{gli, rigging of a sailing ship, or for similarly insubstantial structures above the upper {{gli, deck of any ship. {{defn, no=2, Unnecessary {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar, spars and rigging kept aloft on a vessel′s masts. {{term, topman {{defn, A crewmember stationed in a {{gli, top. {{term, topmast {{defn, The second section of the {{gli, mast above the {{gli, deck; formerly the upper mast, later surmounted by the {{gli, topgallant mast; carrying the {{gli, topsail, topsails.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{term, topmast pole {{defn, Part of the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar between the hounds and the truck. {{term, topping lift {{defn, A line that is part of the {{gli, rigging on a sailing boat; it applies upward force on a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar or {{gli, boom. The most common topping lift on a modern sailing boat is attached to the boom.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=35 {{term, topsail {{defn, The second {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail (counting from the bottom) up a {{gli, mast. These may be either {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), square sails or {{gli, fore-and-aft ones, in which case they often "fill in" between the mast and the {{gli, gaff of the sail below. {{term, topsail schooner {{defn, A {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), schooner that sets a square {{gli, topsail on yards carried on the foremast. A {{gli, topgallant may also be set above the topsail. (The term does not apply to a schooner setting just fore and aft topsails above gaff sails.) There is some terminological variation, both over time and place, on what square sails a vessel may set and still be termed a schooner.{{sfn, Cunliffe, 2016, p=26 {{term, topsides {{defn, The part of the {{gli, hull between the {{gli, waterline and the {{gli, deck. See also ''{{gli, above-water hull''. {{term, torpedo {{defn, no=1, Prior to about 1900, the term for a variety of explosive devices designed for use in water, including {{gli, mine, mines, {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spar torpedo, spar torpedoes, and, after the mid-19th century, "automotive", "automobile", "locomotive", or "fish" torpedoes (self-propelled weapons which fit the modern definition of ''torpedo''). {{defn, no=2, Since about 1900, a term used exclusively for a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it. {{term, torpedo net {{defn, A heavy net a ship could deploy around herself using booms or {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spars while at anchor, moored, or otherwise stationary to protect herself from {{gli, torpedo attack. A torpedo net hung at a distance from the {{gli, hull sufficient to detonate a torpedo without significant damage to the ship. Torpedo nets first appeared in the late 1870s and were used through the World War I era, and they were used again during World War II. {{term, touch and go {{defn, no=1, The bottom of the ship touching the bottom, but not {{gli, grounding. {{defn, no=2, Stopping at a {{gli, dock or {{gli, pier for a very short time without tying up, to let off or take on crew or goods. {{defn, no=3, The practice of aircraft on {{gli, aircraft carrier, aircraft carriers touching the carrier {{gli, deck and taking off again without dropping hooks. {{term, towing {{defn, The operation of drawing a vessel forward by means of long lines. {{term, traffic separation scheme {{defn, Shipping corridors marked by buoys that separate incoming from outgoing vessels. Sometimes improperly called ''{{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sea lanes''. {{term, trailboard {{defn, A decorative board at the {{gli, bow of a vessel, sometimes bearing the vessel's name. {{term, training ship {{defn, A ship used to train students as {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sailor, sailors, especially a ship employed by a navy or coast guard to train future officers. The term refers both to ships used for training at sea and to old, immobile {{gli, hulk, hulks used to house classrooms. {{term, tramp freighter {{defn, A {{gli, cargo ship engaged in the {{gli, tramp trade. {{term, tramp steamer {{defn, A {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), steamship engaged in the {{gli, tramp trade. {{term, tramp trade {{defn, The shipping trade on the spot market in which the vessels involved do not have a fixed schedule or itinerary or published {{gli, port of call, ports of call. This contrasts with freight liner service, in which vessels make regular, scheduled runs between published ports. {{term, tramper {{defn, Any vessel engaged in the {{gli, tramp trade. {{term, transmitting station {{defn, British term for a room located in the interior of a ship containing computers and other specialised equipment needed to calculate the range and bearing of a target from information gathered by the ship's spotters and range finders. These were designated "plotting rooms" by the United States Navy. {{term, Transom (nautical), transom {{defn, no=1, A lateral member fastened inside the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sternpost, to which the {{gli, hull and deckplanks are fitted. {{defn, no=2, The {{gli, aft "wall" of the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern; often the part to which an outboard unit or the drive portion of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sterndrive is attached. {{defn, no=3, A more or less flat surface across the stern of a vessel. {{gli, dinghy, Dinghies tend to have almost vertical transoms, whereas {{gli, yacht, yachts' transoms may be raked forward or aft. {{term, transport {{defn, See ''{{gli, troopship''. {{term, Mechanical traveller, travellers {{defn, no=1, Small fittings that slide on a rod or line. The most common use is for the inboard end of the {{gli, mainsheet. {{defn, no=2, A more esoteric form of traveller consists of "slight iron rings, encircling the {{gli, backstay, backstays, which are used for hoisting the {{gli, topgallant, top-gallant {{gli, yard, yards, and confining them to the backstays".{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=35 {{defn, An iron ring that moves on the main horse on a sailing barge. It is fitted with an eye onto which is hooked the main sheet, of the loose-footed {{gli, mainsail. {{term, trawler {{defn, no=1, ''Commercial trawler'': a fishing boat that uses a trawling, trawl net or seine fishing, dragnet to catch fish. {{defn, no=2, A fisherman who uses a trawl net. {{defn, no=3, ''Naval trawler'': a converted trawler, or a boat built in that style, used for naval purposes. {{defn, no=4, ''Recreational trawler'': a pleasure boat built in the style of a trawler. {{term, treenail {{ghat, Also trenail, trennel, or trunnel. {{defn, A wooden peg, pin, or dowel used to fasten pieces of wood together, such as the {{gli, hull, {{gli, gunwale, gunwales, {{gli, thwart, thwarts, etc.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=35 {{term, trial trip {{defn, A (usually short) voyage for a new ship to test its capabilities and ensure that everything is functioning correctly. A new ship will usually have one or more trial trips before embarking on its {{gli, maiden voyage. {{term, triangular trade {{defn, A historical term for a pattern of trade among three {{gli, port, ports or regions in which each port or region imports goods from one of the other two ports or regions in which there is no market for its exports, thus rectifying trade imbalances between the three ports or regions as well as allowing vessels to take the best advantage of prevailing winds and currents along the three trade routes. The best known example is the Atlantic triangular trade pattern of the late 16th through the early 19th centuries, in which vessels carried finished goods from northeastern North America or Europe to Africa, slaves from Africa to the Americas, and cash crops and raw materials from the Americas to either northeastern North America or Europe. {{term, trice {{defn, To haul and tie up by means of a {{gli, rope, to make it less inconvenient.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=36 {{term, trick {{defn, A period of time spent at the wheel, e.g. "my trick's over". {{term, trim {{defn, no=1, The relationship of a ship's {{gli, hull to the {{gli, waterline. {{defn, no=2, Adjustments made to {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail, sails to maximize their efficiency. {{term, trimaran {{defn, A vessel with three {{gli, hull, hulls. {{term, trimmer{{anchor, coal trimmer {{ghat, Sometimes coal trimmer. {{defn, A person responsible for ensuring that a vessel remains "in trim" (that the cargo and fuel are evenly balanced). An important task on a coal-fired vessel, as it could get "out of trim" as coal is consumed. {{term, tripod mast {{defn, A type of {{gli, mast introduced aboard {{gli, warship, warships in the first decade of the 20th century, consisting of three large cylindrical tubes or columns supporting a raised platform for {{gli, lookout, lookouts and fire control equipment and later for radar antennas and receivers. In succeeding decades, tripod masts replaced the earlier pole masts and {{gli, lattice mast, lattice masts. Tripod masts persisted in some navies until the 1960s, when plated-in structures began to replace them, and in other navies until the early 2000s, when {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stealth ship, stealth designs began to move away from any type of open mast. {{term, troller {{defn, A fishing vessel rigged to fish by Trolling (fishing), trolling. {{term, trooping {{defn, Operating as a {{gli, troopship. {{term, troopship{{anchor, troop ship, troop transport, trooper {{ghat, Also troop ship, troop transport, or trooper. {{defn, Any ship used to carry soldiers. Troopships are not specially designed for military operations and, unlike {{gli, landing ship, landing ships, cannot land troops directly onto a shore; instead they unload troops at a {{gli, harbor or onto smaller vessels for transportation to shore. {{term, Truck (rigging), truck {{defn, no=1, A circular disc or rectangle of wood or a wooden ball- or bun-shaped cap near or at the top of a wooden mast, usually with holes or sheaves in it through which signal {{gli, halyard, halyards can be passed. Trucks are also used on wooden flagpoles to keep them from splitting. The ''main truck'' is located on the {{gli, main mast, the ''mizzen truck'' on the {{gli, mizzen mast, and so on.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{defn, no=2, A temporary or emergency place for a {{gli, lookout. {{term, true bearing {{defn, An {{gli, absolute bearing using {{gli, true north. {{term, true north {{defn, The direction of the geographical North Pole. {{term, truncated counter {{defn, A counter {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stern that has been truncated to provide a kind of {{gli, transom. It may have windows, serving a large {{gli, aft stateroom. Popular on larger cruising yachts. {{term, truss {{defn, The rope or iron used to keep the center of a {{gli, yard to the {{gli, mast. {{term, trysail {{ghat, Also {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spencer. {{defn, A small, strong, {{gli, fore-and-aft {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sail set {{gli, abaft (behind) the {{gli, mainmast or other mast of a sailing vessel in heavy weather.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{term, tugboat {{ghat, Also tug. {{defn, A boat that manoeuvers other vessels by pushing or towing them. Tugs are powerful for their size and strongly built, and some are ocean-going. {{term, tumblehome {{defn, A {{gli, hull shape, when viewed in a transverse section, in which the widest part of the hull is someway below {{gli, deck level. {{term, tuna clipper {{defn, A fishing boat based on the United States West Coast and used for commercial tuna fishing. A typical tuna clipper is diesel-powered, has her {{gli, deckhouse forward and her bait tanks aft, and is outfitted with iron racks around her {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), stem from which her crew uses heavy bamboo poles to fish for tuna. {{term, Turn (knot), turn {{defn, A knot passing behind or around an object. {{term, Turn To (Turn Two) {{defn, A term meaning "get to work", often hand-signed by two fingers and a hand motion in turning fashion. {{term, turnbuckle {{defn, See ''{{gli, bottlescrew''. {{term, Gun turret, turret {{defn, no=1, Originally (in the mid-to-late 19th century), a rotating, enclosed, armored, cylindrical box with guns that fired through gunports. Turret-equipped ships contrasted sharply with those equipped with {{gli, barbette, barbettes, which in the second half of the 19th century were open-topped armored rings over which rotating gun(s) mounted on a turntable could fire. {{defn, no=2, Since the late 19th century, an enclosed, armored, rotating gunhouse mounted above a barbette, with the gun(s) and their rotating turntable mounted in the barbette protected by the gunhouse; in 20th- and 21st-century usage, this generally is any armored, rotating gun installation on a {{gli, warship. {{term, turtleback deck {{defn, no=1, A {{gli, deck that has slight positive curvature when viewed in cross-section. The purpose of this curvature is usually to shed water, but in warships it also functions to make the deck more resistant to shells. {{defn, no=2, "''deck, turtle'' nautical: A term applied to a weather deck that is rounded over from the shell of the ship so that it has a shape similar to the back of a turtle. Used on ships of the whaleback type and on the forward weather deck of torpedo boats." {{term, Turtling (sailing), turtling {{defn, In dinghy sailing especially (but also in other boats), a boat is said to be "turtling" or to "turn turtle" when the boat is fully inverted with the {{gli, mast pointing down to the lake bottom or seabed.However, "to turn turtle" means putting a turtle on its back by grabbing it by the flipper, and conversely is used to refer to a vessel that has turned upside-down, or has cast off its crew.{{cite web , url= http://oald8.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/dictionary/turtle , title= turtle, turn turtle (of a boat) ''to turn over completely while sailing'' , author= , year= 2013 , website= Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary , publisher= Oxford University Press , access-date=3 December 2013{{cite web , url= http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/turtle, title= Definition of turtle in English '' "turn turtle" (chiefly of a boat) turn upside down: '', author= , year= 2013 , website= Oxford Dictionaries , publisher= Oxford University Press , access-date=3 December 2013 {{term, tweendeck {{defn, A {{gli, deck on a general {{gli, cargo ship located between the {{gli, main deck (or {{gli, weather deck) and the {{gli, hold space. A general cargo ship may have one or two tweendecks (or none at all). {{term, tweendeck space {{defn, The space on a {{gli, tweendeck available for carrying cargo or other uses. {{term, tweendecker {{defn, A general {{gli, cargo ship equipped with one or more {{gli, tweendeck, tweendecks. {{term, two six heave {{defn, A command used to co-ordinate a group of people pulling on a rope. Originally a sailing navy term referring to the two members of a gun crew (numbers two and six) who ran out the gun by pulling on the ropes that secured it in place. {{term, two blocks {{defn, When the two {{gli, block, blocks in a {{gli, tackle have become so close that no further movement is possible as in chock-a-block. {{term, tye {{defn, A chain or rope used for hoisting or lowering a {{gli, yard. A tye runs from the horizontal center of a given yard to a corresponding {{gli, mast and from there down to a {{gli, tackle. Sometimes more specifically called a ''chain tye'' or a ''rope tye''.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{glossary end


U

{{glossary {{term, unassisted sailing {{defn, Any sailing voyage, usually single-handed, with no intermediate stops or physical assistance from external sources. {{term, under the weather {{defn, Serving a Watch system, watch on the {{gli, weather side of the ship, exposed to wind and spray. {{term, underway {{ghat, Also under way. {{defn, (of a vessel) A vessel is underway when not at {{gli, anchor, made {{gli, fast to the shore, or {{gli, aground. This definition has legal importance in the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea. {{term, underwater hull or underwater ship{{anchor, underwater ship {{defn, The underwater section of a vessel beneath the {{gli, waterline, normally not visible except when in {{gli, drydock or, historically, when {{gli, careened. {{term, underway replenishment {{defn, A method employed by navies to transfer fuel, munitions, and stores from one ship to another while {{gli, underway. Sometimes abbreviated as ''UNREP''. {{term, U.N.P.O.C. {{defn, An abbreviation for ''Unable to navigate, probably on course''; a 19th-century term used in log books of vessels left without accurate navigational guidance due to poor visibility and/or proximity to the North Pole. Dropped out of common usage in the 1950s with improvements in maritime navigational aids. {{term, unreeve {{defn, To pull a rope from a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sheave or {{gli, block. {{term, unship {{defn, no=1, To remove from a vessel. {{defn, no=2, To remove an {{gli, oar or {{gli, mast from its normal position. {{term, up-and-down {{defn, The description given to the position of the {{gli, anchor chain, usually used when the anchor is being raised and indicates that the chain has been hauled in tightly so that the vessel is above the anchor, which is just about to be broken out of the ground. Used more rarely to refer to a situation where the anchor chain is slack and hangs vertically down from the {{gli, hawsepipe.{{sfn, Palmer, 1975 {{term, up-behind {{defn, Slack off quickly and run slack to a belaying point. This order is given when a line or wire has been stopped off or falls have been four-in-hand and the hauling part is to be belayed. {{term, upbound {{defn, no=1, Traveling upstream, against the current. {{defn, no=2, In the Great Lakes region, traveling westward (terminology used by the Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation). {{term, uppers {{defn, The {{gli, brails above the mains; synonym of ''peaks''. {{term, upper-yardmen {{defn, Specially selected personnel. {{glossary end


V

{{glossary {{term, V-hull (boat), V-hull {{defn, The shape of a boat or ship in which the contours of the {{gli, hull come in a straight line to the {{gli, keel. {{term, Vang (spritsail), vang {{defn, no=1, A {{gli, rope (line) leading from the {{gli, gaff to either side of the {{gli, deck, used to prevent the gaff from sagging.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{defn, no=2, One of a pair of ropes leading from the deck to the head of a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), spritsail. It steadies the {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), sprit and can be used to control the sail's performance during a {{gli, tack. The vang fall blocks are mounted slightly {{gli, afore the main horse while rolling vangs are extra preventers which lead forward to keep the sail to {{gli, leeward in heavy weather. {{defn, no=3, See ''{{gli, boom vang''. {{defn, no=4, See ''{{gli, gaff vang''. {{term, vanishing angle {{defn, The maximum degree of {{gli, heel after which a vessel becomes unable to return to an upright position. {{term, Vedette (sentry), vedette (or vedette boat) {{defn, A small naval patrol boat used for scouting enemy forces. {{term, veer away {{defn, To let go a {{gli, rope gently.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=36 {{term, very good {{defn, An affirmative response given by a senior to the report of a junior, e.g. if the {{gli, helmsman reports, "Rudder is amidship, sir," an officer might respond, "Very good."{{sfn, Palmer, 1975 {{term, very well {{defn, An affirmative response given by a senior to the report of a junior, e.g. if the helmsman reports, "Rudder is amidship, sir," an officer might respond, "Very well." {{term, vessel {{defn, Any craft designed for transportation on water, such as a {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), ship or {{gli, boat. {{term, viol {{ghat, Also voyl. {{defn, A large rope used to unmoor or heave up the {{gli, anchor.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=36 {{term, voice pipe {{ghat, Also voice tube. {{defn, See ''{{gli, communication tube''. {{term, voyage {{defn, no=1, A long journey by {{glossary link, glossary=Glossary of nautical terms (S), ship. {{defn, no=2, To go on such a journey. {{term, voyl {{defn, See ''{{gli, viol''.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=36 {{glossary end


W

{{Glossary {{Term, term= waft{{defn, 1= A signal flag on a vessel. {{Term, term= waist{{defn, 1= The central deck of a ship between the forecastle and the quarterdeck. {{Term, waist clothes , content=waist clothes{{defn, 1=Colored cloths or sheets hung around the outside of a ship's upper works, used as an adornment and as a visual screen during times of action {{Term, term= wake , content= Wake (physics), wake{{defn, 1= Turbulence behind a vessel. Not to be confused with ''wash''. {{Term, term= wale , content= wale{{defn, 1= A thicker plank (or group of planks) in the outer skin of the hull, running in a fore and aft direction, to provide extra stiffening in selected regions.{{sfn, Steffy, 2013 {{Term, term= wardroom , content= wardroom {{defn, no=1, 1= The living quarters of a naval ship designated for the use of commissioned officers other than the captain. {{defn, no=2, 1= A collective term for the commissioned officers of a naval ship excluding her captain; e.g., ''The captain rarely referred to his wardroom for advice, and this led to their discontent''. {{Term, term= warp {{defn, no=1, 1= To move a vessel by hauling on a line or cable that is fastened to an anchor or pier; especially to move a sailing ship through a restricted place such as a harbour.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{defn, no=2, 1= A line or cable used in warping a ship. {{defn, no=3, 1= The length of the shrouds from the bolster to the deadeye{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{Term, term= wash{{defn, 1= The waves created by a vessel. Not to be confused with ''wake''. {{Term, term= washstrake{{defn, 1=An additional strake fastened above the level of the {{gli, gunwale of an open boat to increase the {{gli, freeboard.{{sfn, Admiralty manual of seamanship , 1972, p=214 {{Term, term= watch , content= Watch system, watch{{defn, 1= A period of time during which a part of the crew is on duty. Changes of watch are marked by strokes on the ship's bell. {{Term, term= watchstanding or watchkeeping , content= watchstanding{{defn, 1= The allocation of crew or staff to a watch. {{Term, term= water bus , content= water bus{{defn, 1=A watercraft used, usually in an urban environment, to provide transportation on a scheduled service with multiple stops, analogous to the way a bus operates on land. It differs from a ''water taxi'' (''q.v.''), which is a similar watercraft that provides transport service on demand to various locations, analogous to the way a taxicab operates on land, although in North America the terms ''water bus'' and ''water taxi'' are considered roughly synonymous. A water bus also differs from a ''ferry'' (''q.v.''), a term which usually refers to a watercraft that shuttles between two points. {{Term, term= water kite{{defn, 1= See ''paravane'' (definition 2). {{Term, term= water taxi , content= water taxi{{defn, 1=A watercraft used, usually in an urban environment, to provide transportation on demand to various locations, analogous to the way a taxicab operates on land. It differs from a ''water bus'' (''q.v.''), which is a similar watercraft that provides transportation on a scheduled service with multiple stops, analogous to the way a bus operates on land, although in North America the terms ''water bus'' and ''water taxi'' are considered roughly synonymous. A water taxi also differs from a ''ferry'' (''q.v.''), a term which usually refers to a watercraft that shuttles between two points. {{Term, term= water kite{{defn, 1= See ''paravane'' (definition 2). {{Term, term= watercraft , content= watercraft{{defn, 1= Water transport vessels. Ships, boats, personal water craft, etc. {{Term, term= waterline , content= waterline{{defn, 1= The line where the hull of a ship meets the water{{'s surface. {{Term, term= watersail , content= watersail{{defn, 1= A sail hung below the boom on gaff rig boats for extra downwind performance when racing.{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{Term, term= waterway {{defn, no=1, 1= Waterway, a navigable body of water. {{defn, no=2, 1= A strake of timber laid against the frames or bulwark stanchions at the margin of a laid wooden deck, usually about twice the thickness of the deck planking. {{Term, term= way{{defn, 1= Speed, progress, or momentum, or more technically, the point at which there is sufficient water flow past a vessel's rudder for it to be able to steer the vessel (i.e., the rudder begins to "bite," sometimes also called "steerage way.") To ''make way'' is to move; to "have way on" or "to have steerage way" is to have enough speed to control the vessel with its rudder; to ''lose way'' is to slow down or to not have enough speed to control with the rudder. "Way enough" is a coxswain's command that the oarsmen stop rowing, and allow the boat to proceed with its existing way. {{Term, term= way-landing{{defn, 1= An intermediate stop along the route of a steamboat. {{Term, term= way-lay{{defn, 1= The verb's origin, from ''wegelage'', means "lying in wait, with evil or hostile intent." So to be waylaid referred to a ship taken off its course, route, or way, by surprise, typically by unfortunate or nefarious means. In ''Herman Melvilles novel, ''Moby Dick'', the great white whale ''waylaid'' the ship and sank it with only a few souls surviving in lifeboats. {{Term, term= waypoint , content= waypoint{{defn, 1= A location defined by navigational coordinates, especially as part of a planned route. {{Term, term= ways{{defn, 1= The timbers of shipyard stocks that slope into the water and along which a ship or large boat is launched. A ship undergoing construction in a shipyard is said to be ''on the ways'', while a ship scrapped there is said to be ''broken up in the ways''. {{Term, term= wearing ship , content= Jibe (sailing), wearing ship{{defn, 1= Tacking away from the wind in a square-rigged vessel. See also ''gybe''. {{Term, term= weather deck{{defn, 1= Whichever deck is that exposed to the weather – usually either the main deck or, in larger vessels, the upper deck. {{Term, term= weather gage , content= weather gage or weather gauge or weather-beam {{anchor, Weather gauge, Weather-beam {{defn, 1= Favorable position over another sailing vessel with respect to the wind. {{Term, term= weather helm , content= weather helm{{defn, 1= The tendency of a sailboat to turn to windward in a strong wind when there is no change in the rudder's position. This is the opposite of lee helm and is the result of a dynamically unbalanced condition. See also ''Center of lateral resistance''. {{Term, term= weather ship , content= weather ship{{defn, 1= A ship stationed in the ocean as a platform for surface and upper air meteorological observations for use in weather forecasting. {{Term, term= weather side{{defn, 1= The side of a ship exposed to the wind. {{Term, term= weatherly{{defn, 1= A ship that is easily sailed and maneuvered; makes little leeway when sailing to windward. {{Term, term= weigh anchor{{defn, 1= To heave up (an anchor) preparatory to sailing. {{Term, term= well{{defn, 1= Place in the ship's hold for pumps. {{Term, term= well-found{{defn, 1= Properly set up or provisioned. {{Term, term= West Indiaman , content= West Indiaman{{defn, 1= A British term used in the 18th and 19th centuries for any merchant sailing ship making voyages between the Old World and the West Indies or east coast of the Americas. The term most frequently was applied to British, Danish, Dutch, and French ships. {{Term, term= wet{{defn, 1= in reference to a ship, prone to taking water over her decks at sea. For example, a ship that tends to take water over her bow can be said to be "wet forward." {{Term, term= wetted area , content= wetted area{{defn, 1= In sailboating, portion of the hull immersed in water. {{Term, term= whaleback , content= whaleback {{defn, no=1, 1= A type of cargo steamship of unusual design formerly used on the Great Lakes of North America, notably for carrying grain or ore. The hull continuously curved above the waterline from vertical to horizontal, and when the ship was fully loaded, only the rounded portion of her hull (the "whaleback" proper) was visible above the waterline. With sides curved in towards the ends, whalebacks had a Spoon-shaped bow, spoon bow and a very convex upper deck. {{defn, no=2, 1= A type of high-speed Launch (boat), launch first designed for the Royal Air Force during World War II, or certain smaller rescue and research vessels most common in Europe that, like the Great Lakes vessels, have hulls that curve over to meet the deck, although the "whaleback" designation comes not from the curve along the gunwale as in the Great Lakes vessels, but from the fore-and-aft arch in the deck. {{defn, no=3, 1= A sheltered portion of the forward deck on certain British fishing boats designed, in part, so that water taken over the bow is more easily shed over the sides. The feature has been incorporated into some pleasure craft – aboard which it is known as a ''whaleback deck'' – based on the hull design of older whaling boats. {{Term, term= whaleboat , content= whaleboat {{defn, no=1, 1= A type of open boat that is relatively narrow and pointed at both ends, enabling it to move either forwards or backwards equally well. {{defn, no=2, 1= On modern warships, a relatively light and seaworthy boat for transport of ship{{'s crew. {{defn, no=3, 1= A type of vessel designed as a lifeboat (rescue), lifeboat or "monomoy" used for recreational and competitive rowing in the San Francisco Bay area and coastal Massachusetts. {{defn, no=4, 1= Informally, any whaler of any size. {{defn, no=5, 1= Informally, any vessel engaged in whale watching. {{Term, term= whaler , content= whaler {{defn, no=1, 1= A specialized vessel designed for catching or processing whales. {{defn, no=2, 1= A person engaged in the catching or processing of whales. {{defn, no=3, 1= In the Royal Navy, a Montagu whaler, a ship's boat often used as a seaboat. {{Term, term= wharf , content= wharf{{defn, 1= A structure on the shore of a harbor or on the bank of a river or canal where ships may dock to load and unload cargo or passengers. Such a structure includes one or more berths (i.e., mooring locations), and may also include piers, warehouses, or other facilities necessary for handling the ships. The term "wharf' is generally synonymous with "quay" (''q.v.''), although the solid foundations of a quay contrast with the closely spaced piles of a wharf. When "quay" and "wharf" are used as synonyms, the term "quay" is more common in everyday speech in the United Kingdom, many British Commonwealth, Commonwealth countries, and the Republic of Ireland, while "wharf" is more commonly used in the United States. {{Term, term= wharfage {{defn, no=1, A collective term for {{gli, docks, {{gli, piers, {{gli, quays, and {{gli, wharfs. {{defn, no=2, A collective term for all {{gli, wharfs in a given port, area, country, region, etc. {{defn, no=3, A fee charged for the use of a {{gli, wharf. {{Term, term= Wheel , content= Steering wheel (ship), wheel or ship's wheel {{anchor, Ship's wheel {{defn, 1= The usual steering device on larger vessels: a wheel with a horizontal axis, connected by cables to the rudder. {{Term, term= wheelhouse{{defn, 1= Location on a ship where the wheel is located; also called pilothouse or bridge. {{Term, term= whelkie{{defn, 1= A small sailing pram. {{Term, term= wherry , content= wherry{{defn, 1= A type of boat traditionally used for carrying cargo or passengers on rivers and canals in England, particularly on the River Thames and the Norfolk and Suffolk Broads. {{Term, term= whiff{{defn, 1= A chiefly British term for a narrow clinker-built skiff having outriggers, for one oarsman. {{Term, term= whip{{defn, 1= A small single block tackle, used to raise light loads from a hold{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{Term, term= whip upon whip{{defn, 1= Connecting two whips together. This runs more smoothly than using a double block with single block tackle, which would have the equivalent purchase. Can be used for topsail and top-gallant halliards.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{Term, term= whipping{{defn, 1= The binding with twine of the loose end of a rope to prevent it unravelling. {{Term, term= whipstaff , content= whipstaff{{defn, 1= A vertical lever connected to a tiller, used for steering on larger ships before the development of the ship's wheel. {{Term, term= whiskers{{defn, 1= Spreaders from the bows to spread the bowsprit shrouds. {{Term, term= whiskerstay{{defn, 1= One of the pair of stays that stabilize the bowsprit horizontally affixed to forward end of the bowsprit and just aft the stem. {{Term, term= white horses , content= white horses or whitecaps {{anchor, Whitecaps {{defn, 1= Foam or spray on wave tops caused by stronger winds (usually above Beaufort scale, Force 4). {{Term, term= White Ensign , content= White Ensign{{defn, 1= A British flag flown as an ensign by certain British ships. Prior to 1864, ships of the Royal Navy′s White Squadron flew it; since the reorganisation of the Royal Navy in 1864, it has been flown by all Royal Navy ships and shore establishments, yachts of members of the Royal Yacht Squadron, and ships of Trinity House escorting the Monarchy of the United Kingdom, reigning monarch of the United Kingdom. {{Term, term= wide berth{{defn, 1= To leave room between two ships moored (berthed) to allow space for manoeuvre. {{Term, term= winch , content= winch{{defn, 1= A mechanical device for pulling on a rope (such as a sheet or halyard), usually equipped with a pawl to assist in control. It may be hand operated or powered. {{Term, term= wind-over-tide{{defn, 1= Sea conditions with a tidal current and a wind in opposite directions, leading to short, heavy seas. {{Term, term= windage , content= windage{{defn, 1= Wind resistance of the boat. {{Term, term= windbound{{defn, 1= A condition wherein the ship is detained in one particular station by contrary winds. {{Term, term= winding tackle{{defn, 1= A tackle formed of two triple blocks or a triple and a double, used to raise heavy loads such as guns and anchors{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{Term, term= windjammer , content= Iron-hulled sailing ship, windjammer{{defn, 1= A large iron- or steel-hulled square-rigged sailing ship of the late 19th and early 20th centuries with three, four, or five masts, built mainly between the 1870s and 1900 to carry cargo on long voyages. {{Term, term= windlass , content= windlass{{defn, 1= A winch mechanism, usually with a horizontal axis. Used where mechanical advantage greater than that obtainable by block and tackle was needed (such as raising the anchor on small ships).{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=37 {{Term, term= windsail{{defn, 1= A wide tube or funnel of canvas, used to convey a stream of air into the lower compartments of a ship for ventilation. {{Term, term= windward , content= Windward and leeward, windward{{defn, 1= In the direction that the wind is coming from. {{Term, term= wing{{defn, 1= An extension on the side of a vessel. A ''bridge wing'' is an extension of the bridge to both sides, intended to allow bridge personnel a full view to aid in the manoeuvring of the ship. {{Term, term= wiper , content= Wiper (occupation), wiper{{defn, 1= The most junior rate among personnel who work in the engine room of a ship, responsible for cleaning the engine spaces and machinery and assisting the engineers as directed. A wiper is considered to be serving an apprenticeship to become an Oiler (occupation), oiler (''q.v.''). {{Term, term= working up{{defn, 1= Training, usually including gunnery practice. {{Term, term= worm, parcel and serve , content= worm, parcel and serve{{defn, 1= To protect a section of rope from chafing by: laying yarns (worming) to fill in the {{{gli, cuntlines, wrapping marline or other small stuff (serving) around it, and stitching a covering of canvas (parceling) over all.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=38 {{Term, term= wrecking tug{{defn, 1= Alternative term for a ''salvage tug'' (''q.v.''). {{Glossary end


X

{{Glossary {{Term, term= Xebec, content= Xebec, also zebec, xebeck, xebeque, xebecque, zebeck, zebecque, chebec, or shebeck {{defn, no=1, 1= A Mediterranean sailing ship, usually employed for trading, propelled by a combination of lateen sails and oars and characterized by a distinctive hull with a pronounced overhanging bow and stern; early xebecs had two masts and later ones had three. {{defn, no=2, 1= A small, fast warship of the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries of a similar design to a trading xebec, used almost exclusively in the Mediterranean Sea. A xebec was slightly smaller than a contemporary frigate (''q.v.'') and mounted slightly fewer guns. {{Term, term= Xebec-frigate{{defn, 1= A European warship that appeared late in the history of the ''xebec'' (''q.v.''). It was fully ''square-rigged'' (''q.v.'') but otherwise designed like a xebec. {{Glossary end


Y

{{Glossary {{Term, term= yacht , content= yacht{{defn, 1= A recreational boat or ship; the term includes ''sailing yachts'', ''motor yachts'', and ''steam yachts''. {{Term, term= yard {{defn, no=1, 1= Yard (sailing), Yard: The horizontal spar from which a square sail is suspended.{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=38 {{defn, no=2, 1= The spar on which a Lug sail, lugsail or Gunter Rig, gunter sail is set.{{cite book , last1=Leather , first1=John , title=Spritsails and Lugsails , date=1979 , publisher=International Marine Publishing Company , location=Camden, Maine , isbn=0-87742-998-7 , edition=1989 {{defn, no=3, 1= A dockyard or shipyard. {{Anchor, Yard number{{Term, term= yard number{{defn, 1= Each shipyard typically numbers the ships that it has built in consecutive order. One use is to identify the ship before a name has been chosen. {{Term, term= yard tackle{{defn, 1= Tackle to raise boats{{sfn, Biddlecombe, 1990, p=38 {{Term, term= yardarm , content= Yard (sailing), yardarm{{defn, 1= The very end of a yard. Often mistaken for a ''yard'', which refers to the entire spar. As in to hang "from the yardarm" and the sun being "over the yardarm" (late enough to have a drink).{{sfn, Underhill, 1955, p=115 {{Term, term= yar{{defn, 1= ''Of a vessel, especially of a sailing vessel'': Quick, agile, and easy to steer, ''hand'' (''q.v.''), and ''reef'' (''q.v.''). {{Term, term= yarr{{defn, 1= Acknowledgement of an order, or agreement. Also ''aye, aye''. {{Term, term= yaw , content= Ship motions, yaw{{defn, 1= A vessel's rotational motion about the vertical axis, causing the fore and aft ends to swing from side to side repetitively. {{Term, term= yawl , content= yawl{{defn, no=1, 1= A fore-and-aft rigged sailing vessel with two masts, main and mizzen, the mizzen stepped abaft the rudder post. {{defn, no=2, 1= An un-decked boat, often beach-launched, worked under both oar and sail. Generally clinker built. Used for fishing, serving ships in anchorages, salvage work, etc. Those from the northern parts of Britain tended to be double ended.{{cite book , last1=McKee , first1=Eric , title=Working Boats of Britain: Their Shape and Purpose , date=1983 , publisher=Conway Maritime Press , location=London , isbn=0-85177-277-3 , edition=1997 , page=74 {{Term, term= yawl boat{{defn, 1= A rowboat on davits at the stern of the boat. {{Glossary end


Z

{{Glossary {{Term, term= xebec, zebec{{defn, 1= An alternative spelling of ''xebec'' (''q.v.''). {{Term, term= zulu, content= Zulu (fishing boat), zulu{{defn, 1= A type of Scottish sailboat introduced in 1879, used for fishing. A zulu is Carvel (boat building), carvel-built (''q.v.''), with the vertical stem of a fifie (''q.v.'') and the steeply raked stern of a skaffie (''q.v.''); two masts rigged with three sails (fore, mizzen, and jib); and a longer deck and shorter keel than previous Scottish fishing boats, allowing greater maneuverability. The term "zulu" came from the Zulu War, which the United Kingdom fought in 1879 at the time the zulu was introduced. {{Glossary end


See also

{{Portal, Transport * Special:WhatLinksHere/Glossary of nautical terms, Articles that link to this glossary


Notes

{{Reflist, group=upper-alpha


References

{{reflist, 30em, refs= {{cite web, last1=Renouf, first1=David, year=2017, work=Thames Sailing Barges , title=Glossary of Barge terms , url=http://www.thamesbarge.org.uk/barges/bargeglossary.html , url-status=dead , archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161023140442/http://www.thamesbarge.org.uk/barges/bargeglossary.html , archive-date=2016-10-23


Sources

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1848 edition
* {{cite book, last=Carr , first=Frank , date=1951 , title=Sailing Barges , edition=Revised , publisher=Peter Davies , location=London * {{cite book , last=Cunliffe , first=Tom , author-link=Tom Cunliffe , year=2016 , title=Hand, Reef and Steer: Traditional Sailing Skills for Classic Boats , publisher=Adlard Coles Nautical , location=London and New York , isbn=978-1-4729-2588-6 , edition=second, Kindle * {{cite book , last=Harland , first=John , year=1984 , title=Seamanship in the Age of Sail: an account of the shiphandling of the sailing man-of-war 1600-1860, based on contemporary sources , publisher=Conway Maritime Press , location=London , isbn=978-1-8448-6309-9 * {{cite book , last= Hunter , first= Louis C. , author-link= , date= 1993 , orig-date= 1949 , title= Steamboats on the Western Rivers: An Economic and Technological History , location= New York , publisher= Dover Publications, Inc , pages= 173–174 , isbn= 0-486-27863-8 * {{cite book , last1=March , first1=Edgar J , year=1972 , title=Sailing Drifters: the Story of the Herring Luggers of England, Scotland and the Isle of Man , publisher=David & Charles (Publishers) , location=Newton Abbot , isbn=0-7153-4679-2 * {{cite book , last=Mayne , first=Richard , year=2000 , title=The Language of Sailing , publisher=Routledge , location=Abingdon , isbn=978-1-57958-278-4 * {{cite book , last=Palmer , first=Joseph , year=1975 , title=Jane's Dictionary of Naval Terms , publisher=Macdonald and Janes , location=London , isbn=0-356-08258-X * {{cite book , last=Ridgely-Nevitt , first=Cedric , date=1981 , title=American Steamships on the Atlantic , location=East Brunswick, NJ , publisher=Associated University Presses, Inc , pages=371 , isbn=0-87413-140-5 * {{cite book , last=Steffy , first=J. Richard , orig-year=1994, editor1-last=Catsambis , editor1-first=Alexis , title=The Oxford Handbook of Maritime Archaeology (Oxford Handbooks) , date=2013 , publisher=Oxford University Press , location=Oxford , isbn=978-0-19-537517-6 , chapter=Illustrated Glossary of Ship and Boat Terms, chapter-url= https://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199336005.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199336005-e-48 * {{cite book , last=Underhill , first=Harold , year=1946 , title=Masting and Rigging, the Clipper Ship and Ocean Carrier , publisher=Brown, Son and Ferguson , location=Glasgow , edition=1958 reprint * {{cite book, last1=Underhill, first1=Harold, title=Deep-water sail, publisher=Brown, Son & Ferguson, Nautical publishers, location=Glasgow, year=1952 * {{cite book, last1=Underhill, first1=Harold, title=Sailing Ships Rigs and Rigging, publisher=Brown, Son & Ferguson, Nautical publishers, location=Glasgow, year=1955, edition=2nd


Further reading

{{see also, Bibliography of encyclopedias#Nautical dictionaries and encyclopædias {{Navigation publications {{Seamanship {{Works about sailing {{DEFAULTSORT:Glossary Of Nautical Terms Nautical terminology, Naval architecture, * Wikipedia glossaries, Nautical Sailboat components, * Sailing rigs and rigging, * Sailing ship components, * Shipbuilding Water transport