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Native Americans or Native American may refer to:


Ethnic groups

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Indigenous peoples of the Americas The Indigenous peoples of the Americas, also known as Amerindians or Indians, are the inhabitants of the before the arrival of the in the 15th century, and the ethnic groups who now identify themselves with those peoples. Although some of th ...
, the pre-Columbian peoples of North and South America and their descendants *
Native Americans in the United States Native Americans, also known as American Indians, First Americans, Indigenous Americans and #Terminology differences, other terms, are the Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Indigenous peoples of the United States; sometimes including Hawaii ...
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Indigenous peoples in Canada Indigenous peoples in Canada (also known as Aboriginals) are the Indigenous peoples of the Americas, indigenous peoples within the boundaries of Canada. They comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Métis#Métis people in Canada, Métis. Although " ...
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First Nations The First Nations (french: Premières Nations ) are groups of Canadian indigenous peoples, who are classified as distinct from the Inuit Inuit (; iu, ᐃᓄᐃᑦ 'the people', singular: Inuk, , dual: Inuuk, ) are a group of culturally s ...
, indigenous Canadians who are neither Inuit or Métis **
Inuit Inuit (; iu, ᐃᓄᐃᑦ 'the people', singular: Inuk, , dual: Inuuk, ) are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as First people, Aboriginal people, Native people, or autochthonous people, ...
, indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic region **
Métis in Canada The Métis (; ) are Indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as First people, Aboriginal people, Native people, or autochthonous people, are culturally distinct ethnic groups who are native to a particular place. The term ' ...
, people who trace their descent to indigenous First Nations peoples and European settlers *
Indigenous peoples of Costa Rica Indigenous people of Costa Rica, or Native Costa Ricans, are the people who lived in what is now Costa Rica prior to European and African contact and the descendants of those peoples. About 114,000 indigenous people live in the country, comprising ...
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Indigenous peoples of Mexico Indigenous peoples of Mexico ( es, gente indígena de México, pueblos indígenas de México), Native Mexicans ( es, nativos mexicanos) or Mexican Native Americans ( es, pueblos originarios de México, lit=Original peoples of Mexico), are those w ...
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Indigenous peoples of South America The indigenous peoples of South America or South American indigenous peoples, are the pre-Columbian peoples of South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with ...
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Indigenous peoples in Argentina Argentina Argentina (), officially the Argentine Republic ( es, link=no, República Argentina), is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is als ...
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Indigenous peoples in Bolivia Indigenous peoples in Bolivia, or Native Bolivians, are Bolivian people who are of indigenous ancestry. They constitute anywhere from 40 to 70% of Bolivia Bolivia ; ay, Wuliwya ; Quechuan languages, Quechua: ''Puliwya'' , officially th ...
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Indigenous peoples in Brazil Indigenous peoples in Brazil ( pt, povos indígenas no Brasil) or Indigenous Brazilians ( pt, indígenas brasileiros) once comprised an estimated 2000 ethnic group, tribes and nations inhabiting what is now the country of Brazil, before European ...
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Indigenous peoples in Chile Indigenous peoples in Chile or Native Chileans form about 10% of the total population of Chile Chile (, ; ), officially the Republic of Chile (), is a country in western South America. It occupies a long, narrow strip of land between the An ...
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Indigenous peoples in Colombia American Indians, or Indigenous peoples of Colombia, are the ethnic groups An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups such as a c ...
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Indigenous peoples in Ecuador Indigenous peoples in Ecuador, or Native Ecuadorians, are the groups of people who were present in what became Ecuador before the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The term also includes their descendants from the time of the Spanish conquest ...
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Indigenous peoples in Peru The Indigenous peoples of Peru, or Native Peruvians, comprise a large number of ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that ...
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Indigenous peoples in Suriname Indigenous peoples in Suriname, or Amerindian Surinamese, are Surinamese people who are of Indigenous peoples in South America, indigenous ancestry. They comprise approximately 3.8% of Suriname's population of 566,846. Contemporary groups * Akurio ...
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Indigenous peoples in Venezuela Indigenous people in Venezuela, Amerindians or Native Venezuelans, form about 2% of the total population of Venezuela,Van Cott (2003), "Andean Indigenous Movements and Constitutional Transformation: Venezuela in Comparative Perspective", ''Latin Am ...


Arts and culture

* ''Native American'' (album), a 1992 album by Tony Rice * ''
The Native Americans ''The Native Americans'' is a three-part American television Documentary film, documentary miniseries that premiered on TBS (U.S. TV channel), TBS on October 10, 1994. The remaining two episodes aired on October 11 and 13, 1994. Directed by John Bo ...
'', a 1994 American documentary series * "Native Americans", a 1972 composition by Ornette Coleman from ''
Skies of America ''Skies of America'' is the 17th album by jazz saxophonist Ornette Coleman, released on Columbia Records in 1972. It consists of one long composition by Coleman taking up both sides of the album, played by the London Symphony Orchestra and conducte ...
'' * "Native American", a 1987 song by Little Steven from ''
Freedom – No Compromise ''Freedom – No Compromise'' is the third solo album by Little Steven released in 1987. Following on the moderate success of Artists United Against Apartheid's "Sun City (song), Sun City", Steven Van Zandt's next record was a full-on dance-rock ...
'' * ''Native American'', or ''Sons of Beaches'', a 1995 album by The Bellamy Brothers


Politics

* The "Native American" movement, a term for
nativism in the United States Nativism is the political policy of promoting the interests of native inhabitants against those of immigrant Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territory, territorial b ...
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Native American Party The Know Nothings were a nativist political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about politics ...
, or Know Nothing, an American nativist political party of the 1850s


Religions

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Native American religions Native American religions are the spiritual practices of the indigenous peoples of North America. Ceremonial ways can vary widely and are based on the differing histories and beliefs of individual tribes, clans, and bands. Early European explo ...


See also

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Native American name controversy The Native American name controversy is an ongoing discussion about the changing terminology used by the Indigenous peoples of the Americas to describe themselves, as well as how they prefer to be referred to by others. Preferred terms vary pri ...
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American Indian (disambiguation)American Indians or American Indian may refer to: Indigenous groups of the Americas *Indigenous peoples of the Americas The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the inhabitants of the Americas The Americas (also collectively called Am ...
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Native American languages Over a thousand Indigenous languages An indigenous language or autochthonous language, is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign la ...
, languages spoken by indigenous peoples of the Americas {{Disambiguation Indigenous peoples of the Americas