HOME

TheInfoList



The municipality ( es, municipio, , ca, municipi, gl, concello, eu, udalerria, ast, conceyu)In other
languages of Spain The languages of Spain ( es, lenguas de España), or Spanish languages ( es, lenguas españolas), are the languages spoken or once spoken in Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de Es ...

languages of Spain
: * Catalan/Valencian (), sing. ''municipi''. *
GalicianGalician may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Galicia (Spain) ** Galician language ** Galician people ** Gallaeci, a large Celtic tribal federation who inhabited Gallaecia (currently Galicia (Spain) * Something of, from, or related to ...
() or (), sing. ''municipio''/''bisbarra''. *
Basque Basque may refer to: * Basques The Basques ( or ; eu, euskaldunak ; es, vascos ; french: basques ) are a Southern European ethnic group, characterised by the Basque language, a Basque culture, common culture and shared genetic ancestry to the ...
(), sing. ''udalerria''. * Asturian (), sing. ''conceyu''.
is the basic local administrative division in
Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_ ...

Spain
together with the
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outs ...
.


Organisation

Each
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipali ...
forms part of a
province A province is almost always an administrative division within a country or state. The term derives from the ancient Roman '' provincia'', which was the major territorial and administrative unit of the Roman Empire's territorial possessions outs ...

province
which in turn forms part or the whole of an
autonomous community eu, autonomia erkidegoa ca, comunitat autònoma gl, comunidade autónoma oc, comunautat autonòma an, comunidat autonoma ast, comunidá autónoma , alt_name = , map = , category = Autonomous administrative ...

autonomous community
(17 in total plus
Ceuta Ceuta (, , ; ber, Sebta, script=Latn; ar, سَبْتَة, Sabtah) is a Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30 ...
and
Melilla Melilla ( , ; ; Berber: Mlilt; ar, مليلية) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the northwest coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Lo ...

Melilla
): some autonomous communities have additional second level subdivisions, such as ''
comarca A ''comarca'' (, or ) is a traditional region or local administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as ma ...
s'' (districts) or ''
mancomunidad In present-day Spain a ''mancomunidad'' ( an, mancomunidat, ast, mancomunidá, ca, mancomunitat, gl, mancomunidade, eu, mankomunitatea; in English language, English "commonwealth") is a free association or commonwealth of municipalities of Sp ...
es'' (commonwealths). There are a total of 8,118 municipalities in Spain, including the autonomous cities of
Ceuta Ceuta (, , ; ber, Sebta, script=Latn; ar, سَبْتَة, Sabtah) is a Spanish autonomous city on the north coast of Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia in both cases. At about 30 ...
and
Melilla Melilla ( , ; ; Berber: Mlilt; ar, مليلية) is a Spanish autonomous city located on the northwest coast of Africa, sharing a border with Morocco ) , image_map = Morocco (orthographic projection, WS claimed).svg , map_caption = Lo ...

Melilla
. In the
Principality of Asturias Asturias (, ; ast, Asturies ), officially the Principality of Asturias ( es, Principado de Asturias; ast, Principáu d'Asturies; Galician-Asturian: ''Principao d'Asturias''), is an autonomous community in northwest Spain , * gl, Rei ...
, municipalities are officially named ''concejos'' (councils).Statute of Autonomy of the Principality of Asturias
Art. 6.1: "El Principado de Asturias se organiza territorialmente en municipios, que recibirán la denominación tradicional de Concejos, y en Comarcas". The average population of a municipality is about 5,300, but this figure masks a huge range: the most populous Spanish municipality is the city of
Madrid Madrid (, ) is the capital and most-populous city of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , na ...

Madrid
, with a population of 3,141,991 (2015), while several rural municipalities have fewer than ten inhabitants ( Villarroya, La Rioja, had a population of eight in 2015). The area of the municipal territory (Spanish: ''término municipal'') usually ranges 2–40 km2, but municipalities such as
Tremp Tremp () is a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subord ...
(
Lleida Lleida (, ; es, Lérida ) is a city in the west of Catalonia Catalonia (; ca, Catalunya ; Aranese, Aranese Occitan: ''Catalonha'' ; es, Cataluña ) is an Autonomous communities of Spain, autonomous community in the northeastern corner of ...
) cover more than 300 km2. The organisation of the municipalities is governed by a 2 April 1985 law, completed by the 18 April 1986 royal decree. The Statutes of Autonomy of the various autonomous communities also contain provisions concerning the relations between the municipalities and the autonomous governments. In general, municipalities enjoy a large degree of autonomy in their local affairs: many of the functions of the ''comarcas'' and provinces are municipal powers pooled together. The governing body in most municipalities is called ''
ayuntamiento ''Ayuntamiento'' ()In other languages of Spain The languages of Spain ( es, lenguas de España), or Spanish languages ( es, lenguas españolas), are the languages spoken or once spoken in Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiau ...
'' ( municipal council or
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law "born out of statute"; a legal person in legal ...
), a term often also used to refer to the municipal headquarters (city/town hall). The ''ayuntamiento'' is composed of the
mayor In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government A governme ...

mayor
(Spanish: ''alcalde''), the deputy mayors (Spanish: ''tenientes de alcalde'') and the deliberative assembly (''pleno'') of councillors (''concejales''). Another form of local government used in small municipalities is the ''
concejo abiertoThe concejo abierto (literally: "open council") is the regime under which the local government of some small Spanish municipalities operate. A case of direct democracy Image:Landsgemeinde Glarus 2006.jpg, upright=1.5, A Landsgemeinde, or assembly, o ...
'' (open council), in which the deliberative assembly is formed by all the electors in the municipality.


Terminology

350px, Spain's cities and main towns.


See also

*
List of municipalities of Spain File:Vue Panoramique de Grenade.JPG, upGranada This is a list of lists of the municipalities of Spain. The municipalities list links are listed below, by autonomous community of Spain, autonomous community and provinc ...
*
Political divisions of Spain The political division of the Kingdom of Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = ...
*
Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces The Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP) is a Spanish association of local entities that groups town councils, provincial councils, insular councils and insular cabildos. Approximately 7,331 entities are represented. The foun ...


Notes


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Municipalities Of Spain Spain 3 Municipalities, Spain Lists of subdivisions of Spain