HOME

TheInfoList




A multi-sport event is an organized
sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexandria, Egypt Sports clubs *AC Sporting, a football club from Beirut, Lebanon *Alexandria Sporting Club, a sports club from Alexandria, Egypt *Real Sporting ...

sporting
event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly)
nation-states A nation state is a political unit where the state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newsp ...
. The first major, modern, multi-sport event of international significance was the
Olympic Games The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (french: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a pe ...
, first held in modern times in
1896 Events January–March * January 2 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legion The Roman legion ( la, legiō, ) was the largest military unit of the Roman army, composed of 4,200 infantry and 300 equites (cavalry) in the ...
in Athens, Greece and inspired by the
Ancient Olympic Games The ancient Olympic Games (Ὀλυμπιακοί ἀγώνες, "Olympiakoi agones") were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states A city-state is an independent sovereign Sovereign is a title which can ...
, one of a number of such events held in antiquity. Most modern multi-sports events have the same basic structure. Games are held over the course of several days in and around a "host city", which changes for each competition. Countries send national teams to each competition, consisting of individual athletes and teams that compete in a wide variety of sports. Athletes or teams are awarded
gold Gold is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical elemen ...

gold
,
silver Silver is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical ele ...

silver
or
bronze medal A bronze medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of bronze awarded to the third-place finisher of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The outright winner receives a ...

bronze medal
s for first, second and third place respectively. Each games are generally held every four years, though some are annual competitions.


History

The
Ancient Olympic Games The ancient Olympic Games (Ὀλυμπιακοί ἀγώνες, "Olympiakoi agones") were a series of athletic competitions among representatives of city-states A city-state is an independent sovereign Sovereign is a title which can ...
, first held in 776 BC, was the precursor to the
Modern Olympic Games The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (french: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a multi-sport event, ...
, although its first edition only featured a footrace and the number of sporting competitions expanded at later editions. There were several other "games" held in Europe in the
classical era Classical antiquity (also the classical era, classical period or classical age) is the period of cultural history History (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, ...
: *
Panhellenic Games "Panhellenic Games" is the collective term for four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece Ancient Greece ( el, Ἑλλάς, Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of History of Greece, Greek history from the Greek Dark Age ...
: ** ''The
Pythian Games The Pythian Games ( grc-gre, Πύθια; also Delphic Games) were one of the four Panhellenic Games "Panhellenic Games" is the collective term for four separate sports festivals held in ancient Greece Ancient Greece ( el, Ἑλλάς, Hell ...
'' (founded 527 BC) held in
Delphi Delphi (; ), in legend previously called Pytho (Πυθώ), in ancient times was a sacred precinct that served as the seat of Pythia, the major oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world. The oracle ...

Delphi
every four years ** ''The
Nemean Games The Nemean Games ( grc-gre, Νέμεα or Νέμεια) were one of the four Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece Ancient Greece ( el, Ἑλλάς, Hellás) was a civilization belonging to a period of History of Greece, Greek history from the ...
'' (founded 516 BC) held in
Argolid The regions of ancient Greece were areas identified by the ancient Greeks as geographical sub-divisions of the Hellenic world. These regions are described in the works of ancient historians and geographers, and in the legends and myths of the anc ...
every two years ** ''The
Isthmian GamesIsthmian Games or Isthmia (Ancient Greek: Ἴσθμια) were one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, and were named after the Isthmus of Corinth, where they were held. As with the Nemean Games, the Isthmian Games were held both the year befo ...
'' (founded 523 BC) held on the
Isthmus of Corinth The Isthmus of Corinth (Greek language, Greek: Ισθμός της Κορίνθου) is the narrow land bridge which connects the Peloponnese peninsula with the rest of the mainland of Greece, near the city of Corinth. The word "isthmus" comes ...

Isthmus of Corinth
every two years * The
Roman Games The Ludi Romani ("Roman Games"; see ''ludi'') was a Religion in ancient Rome, religious festival in ancient Rome. Usually including multiple ceremonies called ''ludi''. They were held annually starting in 366 BC from September 12 to September 14 ...
 – Arising from Etruscan rather than purely Greek roots, the Roman Games deemphasized footraces and throwing. Instead, the Greek sports of chariot racing and
wrestling Wrestling is a combat sport A combat sport, or fighting sport, is a competitive contact sport that usually involves one-on-one combat. In many combat sports, a contestant wins by scoring more points than the opponent or by disabling the oppon ...

wrestling
, as well as the Etruscan sport of gladiatorial combat, took center stage. Other multi-sport festivals emerged in the
Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...
in Europe, including the
Cotswold Olimpick Games The Cotswold Olimpick Games is an annual public celebration of games and sports now held on the Friday after Spring Bank Holiday near Chipping Campden, in the Cotswolds of England. The games likely began in 1612 and ran (through a period of di ...
in
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
in the 1600s, the
Highland Games Highland games are events held in spring and summer in Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic ...
in
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
, and the Olympiade de la République in
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
in the 1800s. In the late 19th and early 20th century, athletes at multi-sport events were almost exclusively male. As international
women's sport Women's sports, both amateur and women's professional sports, professional, have existed throughout the world for centuries in all varieties of sports. Female participation and popularity in sports increased dramatically in the 20th century, es ...
began to develop, events such as the
Women's World Games The Women's World Games were the first international women's sports Women's sports, both amateur and professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who earns their living from a specified professional activity. The t ...
and
Olympics of Grace The Olympics of Grace ( it, Olimpiadi della Grazia) was an early international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexan ...
were held to allow women to engage in sport on the international stage. Though short-lived, events such as these led to greater inclusion of women at multi-sport events over the course of the 20th century.


Audience

Since the establishment of the Olympics, most serial multi-sport events have been organized for specific audiences and participating countries or communities. These affiliations include: * Regional, such as the
Asian Games The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until th ...
and the
Pan-American Games The Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a continental Continental may refer to: Places * Continent * Continental, Arizona, a small community in Pima County, Arizona, US * Continental, Ohio, a small town in Pu ...
* Sub-Regional, such as the
South Asian Games The South Asian Games (SAG or SA Games), formerly known as the South Asian Federation Games (SAFG or SAF Games), is a quadrennial multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games a ...
,
Southeast Asian Games The Southeast Asian Games, also known as the SEA Games (SEAG), is a biennial multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexandria, Eg ...
and the
South American Games The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: ''Juegos Sudamericanos''; Portuguese: ''Jogos Sul-Americanos''), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: ''Juegos Cruz del Sur'') is a regional multi-sport event held between natio ...
* Political, such as the
Spartakiad The Spartakiad (or Spartakiade) was an international sports event that was sponsored by the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eu ...
and the Games of the New Emerging Forces (GANEFO) * Historic or historicultural roots, such as the
Commonwealth Games The Commonwealth Games, often referred to as the ''Friendly Games'', is an international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in ...
(for members of the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
) and the
Jeux de la Francophonie The Jeux de la Francophonie (Canadian English: ''Francophonie Games''; British English: ''Francophone Games'') are a combination of artistic and sporting events for the Francophonie The Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), ...
(for members of
La Francophonie Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest city in California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3milli ...
) * Ethnocultural or ethnoreligious, such as the
Pan-Armenian Games The Pan-Armenian Games ( hy, Համահայկական խաղեր) are a multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of ...
(for ethnic communities of Armenians both in Armenia and in other countries) and the
Maccabiah Games The Maccabiah Games (a.k.a. the World Maccabiah Games; he, משחקי המכביה, or משחקי המכביה העולמית; often referred to as the "Jewish Olympics"), first held in 1932, are an international Judaism, Jewish and Israeli multi ...
(for communities of Jews of both ethnic and religious origins) * Religious, such as the
Islamic Solidarity Games The Islamic Solidarity Games ( ar, ألعاب التضامن الإسلامي) is a multinational, multi-sport event. The Games involve the elite athletes of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (O ...
and the previously mentioned Maccabiah Games * Occupational, such as the
Military World Games The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for military sportspeople, organized by the International Military Sports Council (CISM). The Games have been held since 1995, although championships for separate sports had been held for some yea ...
, the
World Police and Fire Games Border Patrol Agent Matt Phelps completes his successful attempt for a World Record bench press of 551lbs at the 2015 WPFG in Herndon Virginia. The World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) is a biennial athletic event, open to active and retired law en ...
, and the
Universiade The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The Universiade is referred to ...
* Physical disabilities, such as the
Paralympics The Paralympic Games or Paralympics, also known as the ''Games of the Paralympiad'', is a periodic series of international s involving athletes with a range of physical , including impaired muscle power (e.g. and , , ), impaired passive range ...
and the
Deaflympics The Deaflympics (previously called World Games for the Deaf, and International Games for the Deaf) are an International Olympic Committee (IOC)-sanctioned event at which deaf athletes compete at an elite level. Unlike the athletes in other IOC-san ...
* Intellectual disabilities, such as the
Special Olympics World Games The Special Olympics World Games are an international sporting competition for athletes with intellectual disabilities, organized by the IOC-recognised Special Olympics Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children a ...
* Age, such as the
World Masters Games The World Masters Games is an international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nati ...
,
Commonwealth Youth Games The Commonwealth Youth Games (CYG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the Commonwealth Games Federation. The games are held every four years with the current Commonwealth Games format. The first version was held in Edinburgh ...
, and the
Senior OlympicsThe National Senior Games Association (NSGA) is in charge of the Senior Games (or "Senior Olympics"). The Games are a sports competition for seniors from the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United St ...
* Gender and sexual orientation, such as the
Women's Islamic Games The Women's Islamic Games were an international multi-sport event started in 1993. The event was organised by the Islamic Federation of Women's Sport (IFWS). Muslim women of all nationalities were allowed to take part in the Games. The event has b ...
and the
Gay Games The Gay Games is a worldwide sport and cultural event that promotes acceptance of sexual diversity, featuring lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) athletes, artists and other individuals. Founded as the Gay Olympics, it was started i ...


Historic events


Olympic Games

The first modern multi-sport
event Event may refer to: Gatherings of people * Ceremony A ceremony (, ) is a unified ritual A ritual is a sequence of activities involving gestures, words, actions, or objects, performed in a sequestered place and according to a set sequence. Rit ...
organised were the Olympic Games, organised by the
International Olympic Committee The International Olympic Committee (IOC; french: Comité international olympique, ''CIO'') is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne , neighboring_municipalities= Bottens Bottens is a municipalities of Switzerland, m ...
(IOC) (est. 1894) for the first time in 1896 in
Athens , image_skyline = File:Athens Montage L.png, center, 275px, alt=Athens montage. Clicking on an image in the picture causes the browser to load the appropriate article. rect 15 15 985 460 Acropolis of Athens rect 15 475 48 ...

Athens
,
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
. After some celebrations (1900, 1904), the Olympics became very popular nowadays. The number of sports, initially only a few, is still growing.


Paralympic Games

The Paralympic Games is the largest multi-sport event involving athletes with physical disabilities and is organized by the
International Paralympic Committee The International Paralympic Committee (IPC; german: Internationales Paralympisches Komitee) is an international non-profit organisation and the global governing body for the Paralympic Movement. The IPC organizes the Paralympic Games The P ...
(IPC). Arranged for the first time in 1960 in
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
. The number of sports, initially only a few, is still growing.


Special Olympics

The first Special Olympics International Summer Games were held in
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
, Illinois, in 1968. The most recent Special Olympics World Winter Games in Schladming, Austria involved 25 sports and approximately 2,277 athletes from 133 countries.


Others

At the beginning of the 20th century, another multi-sport event, the
Nordic Games The Nordic Games was the first international multi-sport event that focused primarily on winter sports, and was held at varying intervals between 1901 and 1926. It was organized by Sweden’s Swedish Central Association for the Promotion of Athl ...
were first held. These Games were held in
Scandinavia Scandinavia; Sami Places * Sápmi, a cultural region in Northern Europe * Sami, Burkina Faso, a district of the Banwa Province * Sami District, Gambia * Sami, Cephalonia, a municipality in Greece * Sami (ancient city), in Elis, Greece * Sa ...

Scandinavia
, and the sports conducted were winter sports such as
cross-country skiing Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing Skiing is the use of ski A ski is a narrow strip of semi-rigid material worn underfoot to glide over snow. Substantially longer than wide and characteristically employed in pairs, skis are att ...
and
speed skating Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating Ice skating is the self-propulsion and gliding of a person across an ice surface, using metal-bladed ice skates. People skate for various reasons, including recreation (fun), exercise, compe ...
. The Nordic Games were last held in 1926, after which the 1924 Winter Sports Week in
Chamonix Chamonix-Mont-Blanc ( frp, Chamôni), more commonly known as Chamonix, is a commune A commune is an intentional community of people sharing living spaces, interests, values, beliefs, and often property Property (''latin: Res Privata'') ...

Chamonix
was declared the first
Olympic Winter Games The Winter Olympic Games (french: Jeux olympiques d'hiver) is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practiced on snow and ice. The first Winter Olympic Games, the 1924 Winter Olympics, were held in Ch ...
. In the 1920s, all kinds of other multi-sport events were set up. These were usually directed for a selected group of athletes, rather than everybody, which was basically the case with the Olympic Games. The Soviets organized the first
Spartakiad The Spartakiad (or Spartakiade) was an international sports event that was sponsored by the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eu ...
in 1920, a communist alternative to the 'bourgeois' Olympic Games, and in 1922 the University Olympia was organizedor in
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
, the forerunner of the
World University Games The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and ...
, meant for students only. Regional games were another kind of multi-sport event that was established, such as the
Far Eastern Championship Games The Far Eastern Championship Games (also known as the Far Eastern Championships, Far Eastern Games or Far East Games) was an Asian multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games a ...
(1913), the
Central American and Caribbean Games The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport event, multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympic Games, Summer Olympi ...
(1926) or the
Pan American Games The Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a continental Continental may refer to: Places * Continent * Continental, Arizona, a small community in Pima County, Arizona, US * Continental, Ohio, a small town in Pu ...
(1951).


List of international multi-sport competitions

The Olympic Games are still the largest multi-sport event in the world in terms of worldwide interest and importance (though no longer in participation), but several others also have significance.


Worldwide events

; Multi-sport events for non-Olympic sports *
World Games The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skill ...
, held first in 1981, stage many sports (though not all) that are not Olympic sports. *
Mind Sports Olympiad The Mind Sports Olympiad (MSO) is an annual international multi-disciplined competition and festival for games of mental skill and mind sport A mind sport is a game of skill where the competition is based on a particular type of intellectu ...
, first held in 1997 for
mind sports A mind sport is a game of skill where the competition is based on a particular type of intellectual ability as opposed to physical exercise. Etymology The first major use of the term was as a result of the Mind Sports Olympiad in 1997. The phr ...
Mental muscles flexed at Mind Sports Olympiad
CNN The Cable News Network (CNN) is a multinational news-based pay television Pay television, also known as subscription television, premium television or, when referring to an individual service, a premium channel, refers to subscription The ...

CNN
, 24 August 1997,, retrieved 13 July 2012
*
World Mind Sports GamesThe World Mind Sports Games (WMSG) was a multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-st ...
, first held in 2008 for games of skill (e.g. chess, go, etc.) *The
X Games The X Games are an annual extreme sport Action sports, adventure sports or extreme sports are physical activity, activities perceived as involving a high degree of risk. These activities often involve speed, height, a high level of phys ...
and
Winter X Games Winter is the coldest season of the year in Polar regions of Earth, polar and temperate climate, temperate zones; it does not occur in most of the Tropics, tropical zone. It occurs after autumn and before spring (season), spring in each year ...
, which highlight extreme action sports. *The FAI
World Air Games The FAI World Air Games (WAG) is an international air sports The term "air sports" covers a range of aerial activities, including air racing, aerobatics, aeromodelling, hang gliding, human powered aircraft, parachuting, paragliding and skydivin ...
, first held in 1997, which is the premier international multi-discipline air sports event. ;By occupation *
Universiade The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The Universiade is referred to ...
, held first in 1959, for students at
universities A university () is an of (or ) and which awards s in several . Universities typically offer both and programs in different schools or faculties of learning. The word ''university'' is derived from the ''universitas magistrorum et scholari ...

universities
worldwide *
Military World Games The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for military sportspeople, organized by the International Military Sports Council (CISM). The Games have been held since 1995, although championships for separate sports had been held for some yea ...
, held first in 1995, for military athletes from over 100 countries *
World Police and Fire Games Border Patrol Agent Matt Phelps completes his successful attempt for a World Record bench press of 551lbs at the 2015 WPFG in Herndon Virginia. The World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) is a biennial athletic event, open to active and retired law en ...
, began in 1985, for law enforcement officers and firefighters worldwide; third only to the World Masters Games and Summer Olympics in number of participants. ;By organisation and language *
Commonwealth Games The Commonwealth Games, often referred to as the ''Friendly Games'', is an international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in ...
, held first in 1930 (although a similar event was held in 1911) for all member states of the
Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations, generally known simply as the Commonwealth, is a political association of 54 member states, almost all of which are former territories A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the ...

Commonwealth of Nations
. *
Commonwealth Youth Games The Commonwealth Youth Games (CYG) is an international multi-sport event organized by the Commonwealth Games Federation. The games are held every four years with the current Commonwealth Games format. The first version was held in Edinburgh ...
, began in 2000. *
Francophone Games The Jeux de la Francophonie (Canadian English: ''Francophonie Games''; British English: ''Francophone Games'') are a combination of artistic and sporting events for the Francophonie, mostly French-speaking nations, held every four years since 198 ...
, held first in 1989, for
French
French
-speaking nations and communities. *
Lusophony Games The Lusofonia Games ( pt, Jogos da Lusofonia) is a multinational multi-sport event organized by the ACOLOP, which involves athletes coming from Lusophone (Portuguese-speaking) countries, most countries competing are countries that are members of t ...
, began in 2006, for
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a Romance language *** Portuguese dialects, variants of the Portuguese language ** Portug ...

Portuguese
-speaking nations and communities. *
Pan Arab Games The Arab Games ( ar, الألعاب العربية), also called the Pan Arab Games, are a regional multi-sport event held between nations from the Arab world The Arab world ( ar, العالم العربي '), formally the Arab homeland ( ') ...
, held first in 1953, for Arabic-speaking nations. *
Islamic Solidarity Games The Islamic Solidarity Games ( ar, ألعاب التضامن الإسلامي) is a multinational, multi-sport event. The Games involve the elite athletes of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (O ...
, first held in 2005, for all member states of the
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC; ar, منظمة التعاون الإسلامي, Munaẓẓama at-Taʿāwun al-ʾIslāmiyy; french: Organisation de la coopération islamique), formerly the Organisation of the Islamic Conference ...
. *
Women's Islamic Games The Women's Islamic Games were an international multi-sport event started in 1993. The event was organised by the Islamic Federation of Women's Sport (IFWS). Muslim women of all nationalities were allowed to take part in the Games. The event has b ...
, began in 1993. ;By political and historical allegiance *
Bolivarian Games The Bolivarian Games (Spanish: ''Juegos Bolivarianos'', full name ''Juegos Deportivos Bolivarianos'') are a regional multi-sport event held in honor of Simón Bolívar, and organized by the ODEBO, Bolivarian Sports Organization (''Organización ...
, began in 1938, for countries liberated by
Simón Bolívar Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Ponte Palacios y Blanco ( , also , ; 24 July 1783 – 17 December 1830), also colloquially as '' El Libertador'', or ''Liberator of America'', was a Venezuelan military and political le ...

Simón Bolívar
*
Games of the Small States of Europe The Games of the Small States of Europe (GSSE) is a biennial multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes fro ...
, first held in 1985, for small states of
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
*
Island Games The Island Games (currently known as the NatWest International Island Games for sponsorship reasons) are biannual international multi-sports events organised by the International Island Games Association (IIGA). Competitor teams each represent di ...
, first held in 1985, for teams from several islands and other small territories *
Goodwill Games The Goodwill Games were an international sports competition created by Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthropist. As a businessman, he is known as founder of th ...

Goodwill Games
, first held in 1986, originally held as an alternative after the boycotted Olympics of 1980 and 1984 (Last edition was held in 2001) *
Spartakiad The Spartakiad (or Spartakiade) was an international sports event that was sponsored by the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a Federalism, federal socialist state in Northern Eu ...
, a defunct event involving athletes from the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
* Games of the New Emerging Forces, a defunct event first held in 1963, for the so-called "Emerging Nations" (mainly newly independent
socialist Socialism is a political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the Cognition, cognitive pr ...
states) ;By national origin/descent or ethnicity *
Maccabiah Games The Maccabiah Games (a.k.a. the World Maccabiah Games; he, משחקי המכביה, or משחקי המכביה העולמית; often referred to as the "Jewish Olympics"), first held in 1932, are an international Judaism, Jewish and Israeli multi ...
, first held in 1932, for
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...

Jewish
athletes worldwide. *
Pan-Armenian Games The Pan-Armenian Games ( hy, Համահայկական խաղեր) are a multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of ...
, began in 1999. * Croatian World Games, began in 2006. ;Other *
Gay Games The Gay Games is a worldwide sport and cultural event that promotes acceptance of sexual diversity, featuring lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) athletes, artists and other individuals. Founded as the Gay Olympics, it was started i ...
and
World OutGamesThe World Outgames were a sporting and cultural event hosted by the gay community. The Outgames were open to all who wish to participate, without regard to sexual orientation Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of Romance (love), romantic or ...
, first held in 1982 and 2006, for the worldwide
gay community The LGBT community (also known as the LGBTQ+ community, GLBT community, or the gay community) is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian A lesbian is a Homosexuality, homosexual woman.Zimmerman, p. 453. The word ''lesbian'' is also used ...
. *
World Masters Games The World Masters Games is an international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nati ...
, first held in 1985, for mature athletes. Most participants of any multi-sport event, with approximately twice as many competitors as the Summer Olympics. * European Masters Games, first held in 2008, for mature athletes (generally for 30–35 years or older, dependent on sport).


Regional events

*
African Games The African Games, formally known as the All-Africa Games or the Pan African Games, are a continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up ...
, held first in 1965, for all
African African(s) may refer to: * Anything from or pertaining to the continent of Africa: ** People who are native to Africa, descendants of natives of Africa, or individuals who trace their ancestry to indigenous inhabitants of Africa *** Ethnic groups ...

African
nations *
Afro-Asian Games The Afro-Asian Games were the series of inter-continental multi-sport competitions, held between athletes from Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern H ...
, first held in 2003 in India. * Australasian Police and Emergency Services Games, both by regional and by occupations. * Baltic Sea Games, for all nations bordering
Baltic Sea The Baltic Sea is an arm of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that a ...

Baltic Sea
, first held in Estonia 1993, then in Lithuania 1997. *
Pan American Games The Pan American Games (also known colloquially as the Pan Am Games) is a continental Continental may refer to: Places * Continent * Continental, Arizona, a small community in Pima County, Arizona, US * Continental, Ohio, a small town in Pu ...
, held first in 1951, for all nations of the
Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) is a landmass comprising the totality of North America, North and South America. The Americas make up most of the land in Earth's Western Hemisphere and comprise the New World. Along with th ...

Americas
*
Central American and Caribbean Games The Central American and Caribbean Games (CAC or CACGs) are a multi-sport event, multi-sport regional championship event, held quadrennial (once every four years), typically in the middle (even) year between Summer Olympic Games, Summer Olympi ...
, held first in 1926, every 4 years for nations in the
Caribbean The Caribbean (, ; es, Caribe; french: Caraïbes; ht, Karayib; also gcf, label=Antillean Creole Antillean Creole (Antillean French Creole, Kreyol, Kwéyòl, Patois) is a French-based creole, which is primarily spoken in the Lesser Antilles ...
,
Central America Central America ( es, América Central, , ''Centroamérica'' ) is a region of the Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) is a landmass comprising the totality of North North is one of the four compass points or ...

Central America
and/or bordering the
Caribbean Sea The Caribbean Sea ( es, Mar Caribe; french: Mer des Caraïbes; ht, Lamè Karayib; jam, Kiaribiyan Sii; nl, Caraïbische Zee; pap, Laman Karibe) is an Americas, American Mediterranean sea (oceanography), mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean ...
*
Central American Games The Central American Games ( es, Juegos Deportivos Centroamericanos) are a multi-sport regional championships event, held quadrennial (every 4 years), typically in the first year after Summer Olympics The Summer Olympic Games (french: Jeux ...
, held first in 1973, for nations in
Central America Central America ( es, América Central, , ''Centroamérica'' ) is a region of the Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) is a landmass comprising the totality of North North is one of the four compass points or ...

Central America
* Caribbean Games, proposed to be held first in June 2009 for countries in the
Caribbean Sea The Caribbean Sea ( es, Mar Caribe; french: Mer des Caraïbes; ht, Lamè Karayib; jam, Kiaribiyan Sii; nl, Caraïbische Zee; pap, Laman Karibe) is an Americas, American Mediterranean sea (oceanography), mediterranean sea of the Atlantic Ocean ...
, was scheduled in Netherlands Antiles in May 2011. Rescheduled for 2013.sportcaraibe Resources and Information
sportcaraibe.net. Retrieved on 2013-07-12. *
South American Games The South American Games (also known as ODESUR Games; Spanish: ''Juegos Sudamericanos''; Portuguese: ''Jogos Sul-Americanos''), formerly the Southern Cross Games (Spanish: ''Juegos Cruz del Sur'') is a regional multi-sport event held between natio ...
, held first in 1978, for nations in South America *Arafura Games, held first in 1991 and hosted in the Oceania region. *
Asian Games The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The Games were regulated by the Asian Games Federation (AGF) from the first Games in New Delhi, India, until th ...
, held first in 1951, for all Asian nations *
Southeast Asian Games The Southeast Asian Games, also known as the SEA Games (SEAG), is a biennial multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in Alexandria, Eg ...
, held first in 1959, for nations in Southeast Asia *East Asian Games, for nations in East Asia *West Asian Games, for nations in West Asia *Central Asian Games, for nations in Central Asia *
South Asian Games The South Asian Games (SAG or SA Games), formerly known as the South Asian Federation Games (SAFG or SAF Games), is a quadrennial multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games a ...
, for nations in South Asia *European Games, held first in 2015, for nations in
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
*European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF), for youth athletes from Europe, began in 1991 (summer) and 1993 (winter). *Mediterranean Games, held first in 1951, for all nations bordering the Mediterranean Sea *Pacific Games, held first in 1963 for countries around the Oceania, South Pacific Ocean *Arctic Winter Games, held first in 1970, an international biennial celebration of circumpolar north and Arctic sports and culture *Indian Ocean Island Games, held first in 1979, for all islands in the Indian Ocean


National events

* National Games of China, among the oldest national games with a history dating back to 1910 * Korean National Sports Festival, held first in 1920 for all provinces in entire Korea, but later for provinces in South Korea * National Sports Festival of Japan * National Games of India, started in 1924 as "Indian Olympics Games" * Palarong Pambansa in the Philippines * Pekan Olahraga Nasional in Indonesia * Thailand National Games, started in 1967, Thailand Para National Games * Canada Games * SUKMA Games in Malaysia * State Games of America in the United States * AAU Junior Olympic Games in the United States, held first in 1967


Disability

Other Games are intended for handicapped or disabled athletes. The Deaflympics, International Silent Games, 1924 Summer Deaflympics, first held in Paris in 1924, were the first Games for deaf athletes. The Stoke Mandeville Wheelchair Games, K incepted in 1948 in England, were the first Games for wheelchair athletes. In 1960, the first Paralympic Games were held, connected with the
Olympic Games The modern Olympic Games or Olympics (french: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a pe ...
. The
Special Olympics World Games The Special Olympics World Games are an international sporting competition for athletes with intellectual disabilities, organized by the IOC-recognised Special Olympics Special Olympics is the world's largest sports organization for children a ...
, for athletes with intellectual disabilities, were first held in 1968.


See also

*
Commonwealth Games The Commonwealth Games, often referred to as the ''Friendly Games'', is an international multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting Sporting may refer to: *Sport, recreational games and play *Sporting (neighborhood), in ...
*
Islamic Solidarity Games The Islamic Solidarity Games ( ar, ألعاب التضامن الإسلامي) is a multinational, multi-sport event. The Games involve the elite athletes of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (O ...
*
Maccabiah Games The Maccabiah Games (a.k.a. the World Maccabiah Games; he, משחקי המכביה, or משחקי המכביה העולמית; often referred to as the "Jewish Olympics"), first held in 1932, are an international Judaism, Jewish and Israeli multi ...
*
Military World Games The Military World Games is a multi-sport event for military sportspeople, organized by the International Military Sports Council (CISM). The Games have been held since 1995, although championships for separate sports had been held for some yea ...
*
Mind Sports Olympiad The Mind Sports Olympiad (MSO) is an annual international multi-disciplined competition and festival for games of mental skill and mind sport A mind sport is a game of skill where the competition is based on a particular type of intellectu ...
* Summer Olympic Games *
Universiade The Universiade is an international multi-sport event, organized for university athletes by the International University Sports Federation (FISU). The name is a combination of the words "University" and "Olympiad". The Universiade is referred to ...
* Winter Olympic Games *
World Air Games The FAI World Air Games (WAG) is an international air sports The term "air sports" covers a range of aerial activities, including air racing, aerobatics, aeromodelling, hang gliding, human powered aircraft, parachuting, paragliding and skydivin ...
*
World Games The World Games, first held in 1981, are an international multi-sport event, meant for sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skill ...
*
World Mind Sports GamesThe World Mind Sports Games (WMSG) was a multi-sport event A multi-sport event is an organized sporting event, often held over multiple days, featuring competition in many different sports among organized teams of athletes from (mostly) nation-st ...
*
World Police and Fire Games Border Patrol Agent Matt Phelps completes his successful attempt for a World Record bench press of 551lbs at the 2015 WPFG in Herndon Virginia. The World Police and Fire Games (WPFG) is a biennial athletic event, open to active and retired law en ...
*
X Games The X Games are an annual extreme sport Action sports, adventure sports or extreme sports are physical activity, activities perceived as involving a high degree of risk. These activities often involve speed, height, a high level of phys ...
* Youth Olympic Games


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Multi-Sport Event Multi-sport events, Sports terminology Sports competitions Sports events, Multi