The ''Montreal Gazette'', formerly titled ''The Gazette'', is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal
, Canada. Three other daily English-language newspapers shuttered at various times during the second half of the 20th century. It is one of the French-speaking province's last two English-language dailies; the other is the ''Sherbrooke Record
'', which serves the anglophone community in the Eastern Townships southeast of Montreal.
Founded in 1778 by Fleury Mesplet
, ''The Gazette'' is Quebec's oldest daily newspaper and Canada's oldest daily newspaper still in publication.
The oldest newspaper overall is the English-language ''Quebec Chronicle-Telegraph
'', which was established in 1764 and is published weekly.
founded a French-language weekly newspaper called ''La Gazette du commerce et littéraire, pour la ville et district de Montréal'' on June 3, 1778.
It was the first entirely French-language newspaper in Canada.
The paper did not accept advertising aside for the various books that Mesplet also published. The articles were meant to promote discussion, and it focused on literature
, as well as various anecdotal articles, poems
encouraged Mesplet to found the newspaper to persuade Canadians to join the American Revolution
Mesplet, an immigrant from France, had previously lived in Philadelphia
and supported the Americans when they occupied Montreal during the war. The newspaper was shut down in 1779 when Mesplet and the editor, Valentin Jautard
, were arrested for sedition
and imprisoned for three years.
Mesplet began a second weekly, ''The Montreal Gazette / La Gazette de Montréal'', on August 25, 1785, which had a dual French-English bilingual format similar to that used by the ''Quebec Gazette
Its offices were located in the house of Joseph Lemoyne de Longueuil on rue de la Capitale.
French columns were in the left-hand column and English columns in the right-hand column. The columns were originally written in French and translated to English by Valentin Jautard, who served as editor until his death in 1787.
The columns were mostly on education, religion, and literature, and after 1788 on politics.
Foreign and local news made up the rest of the paper. The paper took a Voltairian
stance, wanted Quebec to have its own legislative assembly
and sought to import the principles of the French Revolution
The newspaper also introduced advertising and announcements, taking up half of four pages. It is the direct ancestor of the current newspaper. The newspaper did well, and Mesplet's operation moved to Notre-Dame Street
in 1787. Mesplet continued to operate the newspaper until his death in 1794.
Following Mesplet's death, his widow published the newspaper for several issues, but the paper ceased publication soon after. Two rivals, Louis Roy and Edward Edwards fought over the right to publish the newspaper over the course of two years.
Edwards eventually won the printing press and newspaper and continued operations until his assets were seized in 1808.
The newspaper was then the property of James Brown for fourteen years. In 1822, it was sold to businessman Thomas Andrew Turner who converted into an English-only paper in 1822.
Under Turner, ''The Gazette'' identified with the interests of anglophone business leaders in their fight with the Patriote movement
On April 25, 1849, ''The Gazette'' published a special edition in which its editor-in-chief, James Moir Ferres
, called the "Anglo-Saxon
" residents to arms after Royal Assent of a compensation law for Lower Canada.
This was among the main events leading to the burning of the Parliament Buildings
. Ferres was subsequently arrested, though soon released on bail and set free without trial.
In 1968, ''The Gazette'' was acquired by the Southam
newspaper chain, which owned major dailies across Canada.
For many years, ''The Gazette'' was caught in a three-way fight for the English newspaper audience in Montreal with the tabloid ''Montreal Herald
'' and the broadsheet ''Montreal Star
''The Gazette'' was second in circulation to the ''Montreal Star'', which sold more newspapers in the city and had a significant national reputation in the first half of the 20th century. The ''Montreal Herald'' closed in 1957, after publishing for 146 years. The ''Montreal Star'', part of the FP Publications chain (which owned the ''Winnipeg Free Press
'' and, at the time, ''The Globe and Mail
''), endured a long strike and ceased publication in 1979, less than a year after the strike was settled.
In 1988, a competing English-language daily, the ''Montreal Daily News
'', was launched. The ''Montreal Daily News'' adopted a tabloid format and introduced a Sunday edition, forcing ''The Gazette'' to respond. After the ''Montreal Daily News'' closed in 1989, after less than two years in operation, ''The Gazette'' kept its Sunday edition going until August 2010.
In 1996, the Southam papers were bought by Conrad Black
's Hollinger Inc.
Then in August 2000, Hollinger sold the Southam newspapers, including ''The Gazette'', to Canwest Global Communications Corp.
, controlled by the Winnipeg-based Asper family. In 2010, a new media group, Postmedia
, bought the Gazette and other papers from the financially troubled Canwest.
To celebrate its 150th anniversary, ''The Gazette'' published a facsimile
of one of its earliest issues. Much effort was made to use a type of paper that imitated 18th century paper, with fake chainlines and laidlines to make the paper look old.
Today, ''The Gazette''s audience is primarily Quebec's English-speaking community. ''The Gazette'' is one of the three dailies published in Montreal, the other two being French-language newspapers: ''Le Journal de Montréal
'' and ''Le Devoir
''. (''La Presse
'' is only published digitally since 2018.)
In recent years, ''The Gazette'' has stepped up efforts to reach bilingual francophone professionals and adjusted its coverage accordingly. The current editor-in-chief is Lucinda Chodan. The deputy editor is Basem Boshra and the associate managing editor is Jeff Blond.
On April 30, 2013, Postmedia Network
announced that it would be eliminating the role of publisher at each of its newspapers, including ''The Gazette''. Instead, the company's 10 newspapers was overseen by regional publishers, one each for the Pacific, the Prairies and eastern Canada. Alan Allnutt, who was the publisher of ''The Gazette'' at the time, became the regional publisher of Postmedia's Alberta
papers. Gerry Nott, publisher of the ''Ottawa Citizen
'', now also oversees ''The Gazette'', the ''Windsor Star
'' and Postmedia's flagship title, the ''National Post
On May 5, 2014, it was announced that printing of ''The Gazette'' would be contracted out to Transcontinental Media
in August 2014 and that the existing Notre-Dame-de-Grâce facility would be closed, resulting in a loss of 54 full-time and 61 part-time positions at the paper. The August 16, 2014 issue was the final issue printed by the Postmedia-owned facility.
On October 21, 2014, ''The Gazette'' was relaunched as part of the Postmedia Reimagined project, adopting a similar look, and a similar suite of digital platforms, to its sister paper, the ''Ottawa Citizen'', which had relaunched earlier in the year. As part of the relaunch, the paper was officially renamed the ''Montreal Gazette'', reflecting its longstanding common name outside its city of publication (as well as its Web domain, ''montrealgazette.com''). The paper had not included Montreal in its masthead in several years.
*Section A — Local, national and international news, opinion columns, editorials, editorial cartoon, letters to the editor, business news, sports news, arts and entertainment news
*Section B — Sports (Mondays and Thursdays), Business (Tuesdays), Food (Wednesdays), Movies (Fridays)
*Section C — Driving and classifieds (Mondays)
*Section A — Local, national and international news
*Section B — Saturday Extra: Feature stories and opinion columns, editorials, editorial cartoon, letters to the editor
*Section C — Business news and weather
*Section D — Sports
*Section E — Culture
*Section F — Homefront, classified, working
*Section G — Travel
*Section H — Weekend Life
*Section W — Diversions
* Mark Harrison
* Norman Webster
* Joan Fraser
* Alan Allnutt
* Peter Stockland
* Andrew Phillips
* Raymond Brassard
* Lucinda Chodan
*L. Ian MacDonald
*Joseph A. Schwarcz
*Nick Auf der Maur
*Edgar Andrew Collard
*Myer Newell Negru
*Robert Smeaton White
*List of Quebec media
*List of newspapers in Canada
*''Le Journal de Montréal
*''The Montreal Herald
*''Montreal Daily News
*''The Montreal Star
*Official mobile websiteDigital microfilm archive 1878–1986 from Google news archive.Bicentennial issue
Category:Newspapers published in Montreal
Category:Postmedia Network publications
Category:English-language newspapers published in Quebec
Category:Publications established in 1778
Category:Daily newspapers published in Quebec
Category:1778 establishments in the Province of Quebec (1763–1791)