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A mobile network operator (MNO), also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier, is a provider of
wireless communications Wireless communication (or just wireless, when the context allows) is the transfer of information between two or more points that do not use an electrical conductor In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), ph ...
services that owns or controls all the elements necessary to sell and deliver services to an end user, including
radio spectrum The radio spectrum is the part of the electromagnetic spectrum with Frequency, frequencies from 3 hertz, Hz to 300 Hertz, GHz. Electromagnetic waves in this frequency range, called ''radio waves'', are widely used in modern technology, ...
allocation,
wireless network A wireless network is a computer network that uses wireless data connections between network nodes. Wireless networking is a method by which homes, telecommunications networks and business installations avoid the costly process of introducing c ...

wireless network
infrastructure, back haul infrastructure, billing, customer care,
provisioning In telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What an entity is" and thus defines both its essence and the nature of ...
computer systems, and marketing and repair organizations. In addition to obtaining revenue by offering retail services under its own brand, an MNO may also sell access to network services at wholesale rates to
mobile virtual network operatorsA mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a wireless communications services provider that does not own the Base station subsystem, wireless network infrastructure over which it provides services to its customers. An MVNO enters into a business agr ...
(
MVNO A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a wireless communications services provider that does not own the wireless network infrastructure over which it provides services to its customers. An MVNO enters into a business agreement with a mobile ...
). A key defining characteristic of a mobile network operator is that an MNO must own or control access to a radio spectrum license from a regulatory or government entity. A second key defining characteristic of an MNO is that it must own or control the elements of the network infrastructure necessary to provide services to subscribers over the licensed spectrum. A mobile network operator typically also has the necessary provisioning, billing, and customer care computer systems and the marketing, customer care, and engineering organizations needed to sell, deliver, and bill for services. However, an MNO can outsource any of these systems or functions and still be considered a mobile network operator.


See also

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List of mobile network operators For a more comprehensive list of mobile phone operators, see Mobile country code The ITU-T The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) coordinates standards for telecommunications and Information Communication Technology such as X ...
*List of telephone operating companies *
Mobile virtual network operator A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) is a wireless communications services provider that does not own the Base station subsystem, wireless network infrastructure over which it provides services to its customers. An MVNO enters into a business a ...
*
Telephone company A telephone company, also known as a telco, telephone service provider, or telecommunications operator, is a kind of communications service provider (CSP), more precisely a telecommunications service provider (TSP), that provides telecommunicatio ...
*Mobile phone operator


References

{{Telecommunications, IMEI=865962037209090 Mobile technology Mobile phone industry