HOME

TheInfoList



Minister of the Crown is a formal constitutional term used in
Commonwealth realm A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state that has Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state. Each realm functions as an independent state, equal with the other realms. In 1952, Elizabeth II was the monarch and head of state of seven ind ...
s to describe a
minister Minister may refer to: * Minister (Christianity)Image:LutheranClergy.JPG, upA Lutheran minister wearing a Geneva gown and Bands (neckwear), bands. In many churches, ministers wear distinctive clothing, called vestments, when presiding over service ...
of the reigning sovereign or
viceroy A viceroy () is an official who runs a polity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of institutionalized social relations, and have a capacity to mo ...

viceroy
. The term indicates that the minister serves '' at His/Her Majesty's pleasure'', and advises the sovereign or viceroy on how to exercise the
Crown prerogative The royal prerogative is a body of customary authority, privilege, and immunity, recognized in common law and, sometimes, in civil law jurisdictions possessing a monarchy, as belonging to the sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied ...
s relating to the minister's department or ministry.


Ministries

In Commonwealth realms, the sovereign or viceroy is formally advised by a larger body known as a
privy council A privy council is a body that advises the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may refer to: ...
or executive council, though, in practice, they are advised by a subset of such councils: the collective body of ministers of the Crown called the ministry. The ministry should not be confused with the cabinet, as ministers of the Crown may be outside a cabinet. In the
UK
UK
, ministers are the MPs and members of the
House of Lords The House of Lords is the upper house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Membership is by appointment, heredity or official function. Like the House of Commons of the United Kingdom, House of Commons, it meets in the Palace of Westminster ...

House of Lords
who are in the government.


History

Ministers of the Crown in Commonwealth realms have their roots in early modern England, where monarchs sometimes employed " cabinet councils" consisting of Ministers to advise the monarch and implemented his decisions. The term ''Minister'' came into being as the sovereign's advisors "ministered to", or served, the king. Over time, former ministers and other distinguished persons were retained as peripheral advisers with designated ministers having the direct ear of the king. This led to the creation of the larger Privy Council, with the Cabinet becoming a committee within that body, made up of currently serving Ministers, who also were heads of departments. During a period between the accession of King
James VI James is a common English language surname and given name: * James (name), the typically masculine first name James * James (surname), various people with the last name James James or James City may also refer to: People * King James (disambiguati ...

James VI
of
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain, mainland Scotland has a 96-mile (154 km) Anglo-Scottish bo ...

Scotland
to the throne of England in 1603 and the unification of Scotland and England in 1707, the two entities were separate "countries" in
personal union A personal union is the combination of two or more State (polity), states that have the same monarch while their boundaries, laws, and interests remain distinct. A real union, by contrast, would involve the constituent states being to some ex ...

personal union
through the one monarch who was advised by two separate sets of Ministers of the Crown for each country. As the
English overseas possessions English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
and later
British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, League of Nations mandate, mandates, and other Dependent territory, territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. ...
expanded, the colonial governments remained subordinate to the imperial government at Westminster, and thus the Crown was still ministered to only by the
Imperial Privy Council The Privy Council of the United Kingdom is a privy council, formal body of advisers to the British monarchy, sovereign of the United Kingdom. Its membership mainly comprises Politics of the United Kingdom, senior politicians who are current o ...
, made up of British Ministers of the Crown. When Canada became a
Dominion The word Dominion was used from 1907 to 1948 to refer to one of several self-governing colonies of the British Empire. "Dominion status" was formally accorded to Canada, Australia, Dominion of New Zealand, New Zealand, Dominion of Newfoundland ...
in 1867, however, a separate
Canadian Privy Council Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connections exist and are collectively the source of ...
was established to advise the Canadian Governor General on the exercise of the Crown prerogative in Canada, although constitutionally the viceroy remained an agent of the British government at
Whitehall Whitehall is a road and area in the City of Westminster, Central London. The road forms the first part of the A roads in Zone 3 of the Great Britain numbering scheme, A3212 road from Trafalgar Square to Chelsea, London, Chelsea. It is the main ...

Whitehall
. After that date, other colonies of the empire attained Dominion status and similar arrangements were made. Following the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931, however, the dominions became effectively autonomous kingdoms under one sovereign, thus returning the monarch to a position similar to that which existed pre-1707, where he or she was ministered to by separate ministries and cabinets for each respective realm or colony. Thus, today, no Minister of the Crown in any Commonwealth realm can advise the monarch to exercise any powers pertaining to any of the other dominions.


Uses in other countries

In
Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_ ...

Spain
, during the " Restauración" period (1874-1931) the term Minister of the Crown ''(
Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain , * gl, Reino de España, * oc, Reiaume d'Espanha, , , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_an ...

Spanish
: Ministro de la Corona)'' was used for a person who was in charge of a ministerial department of His Majesty's Government. For example, during the reign of
King Alfonso XIII Alfonso XIII (17 May 1886 – 28 February 1941), also known as El Africano or the African, was King of Spain from 1886 until the proclamation of the Second Republic of Spain, Second Republic in 1931. He was a monarch from birth as his father ...
, when Carlos María Cortezo y Prieto de Orche was appointed as "Ministro de Instrucción Pública y Bellas Artes" (minister of education), in the royal decree it was noted that he was a minister of the Crown.


See also

*
Minister of State Minister of State is a title borne by politicians or officials in certain countries governed under a parliamentary system A parliamentary system or parliamentary democracy is a system of democracy, democratic government, governance of a ...
*
Monarchy of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth realm, with Queen Elizabeth II as its Queen regnant, reigning monarch and Head of state#Governors-general (Commonwealth realms), head of state since 1 November 1981. As such ...
*
Monarchy of Australia The monarchy of Australia refers to the institution in which a person serves as Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent) ...
*
Monarchy of The Bahamas The monarchy of the Bahamas is a system of government in which a hereditary monarch A monarch is a head of stateWebster's II New College DictionarMonarch Houghton Mifflin. Boston. 2001. p. 707. Life tenure, for life or until abdication, a ...
*
Monarchy of Barbados The monarch of Barbados is the sovereign and head of state of Barbados. The current Barbadian monarch and Head of state#Governors-general (Commonwealth realms), head of state, since the independence of Barbados on 30 November 1966, is Queen El ...
*
Monarchy of Canada The monarchy of Canada is the institution in which a person serves as Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic O ...
* Monarchy of the Cook Islands *
Monarchy of Jamaica The monarchy of Jamaica is a constitutional system of government in which a Hereditary monarchy, hereditary monarch is the Sovereignty, sovereign and head of state of Jamaica. The terms ''The Crown, Crown in Right of Jamaica'', ''Her Majesty ...
*
Monarchy of New Zealand The monarchy of New Zealand is the Constitution of New Zealand, constitutional system of government in which a Hereditary monarchy, hereditary monarch is the sovereign and head of state of New Zealand. The current monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, a ...
*
Monarchy of Spain , coatofarms = Coat of Arms of Spanish Monarch.svg , coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of the King of Spain , image = (Felipe de Borbón) Inauguración de FITUR 2018 (39840659951) (cropped).jpg , incumbent = Fel ...
*
Monarchy of the Solomon Islands The monarchy of Solomon Islands is a system of government in which a constitutional monarch is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, ...
*
Monarchy of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles or established precedents A precedent is a principle or rule established i ...


References

{{Reflist Commonwealth realms Government in Canada Government of the United Kingdom