A military academy or service academy is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps. It normally provides education in a military environment, the exact definition depending on the country concerned. Three types of academy exist: pre-collegiate-level institutions awarding academic qualifications, university-level institutions awarding bachelor's-degree-level qualifications, and those preparing
Officer Cadet #REDIRECT Officer cadet#REDIRECT Officer cadet Officer cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officer An officer is a member of an Military, armed forces or Uniformed services, uniformed service ...
s for commissioning into the
armed services A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between State (polity), states, governments, Society, societies, or pa ...
of the state. A
naval academy A naval academy provides education for prospective naval officers. Naval academies include: {{Naval academies See also

* Military academy Naval academies, Naval lists ...

naval academy
is either a type of military academy (in the broad
sense A sense is a biological system used by an organism for sensation, the process of gathering information about the world and responding to Stimulus (physiology), stimuli. (For example, in the human body, the brain receives signals from the senses ...
of that term) or is distinguished from one (in the narrow sense). In U.S.
usage The usage of a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was ...
, the Military, Naval and the Air Force Academy serve as military academies under the categorization of
service academies A military academy or service academy (United States service academies, in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps. It normally provides education in a military environment, t ...
in that country.


The first military academies were established in the 18th century to provide future officers for technically specialized corps, such as
military engineer Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and military communications Military communications or military signals involve al ...
s and
artillery Artillery is a class of heavy military ranged weapons built to launch Ammunition, munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry firearms. Early artillery development focused on the ability to breach defensive walls and fortifications dur ...

, with scientific training. The Italian Military Academy was inaugurated in
Turin Turin ( , Piedmontese Piedmontese (autonym: or , in it, piemontese) is a language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont it, Piemontese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = ...

on January the 1st, 1678 as the Savoy Royal Academy, making it the oldest military academy in existence. The
Royal Danish Naval Academy The Royal Danish Naval Academy ( da, Søværnets Officersskole or more commonly, ''Søofficerskolen'') educates and commissions all officers An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is th ...

Royal Danish Naval Academy
was set up in 1701. The
Royal Military Academy, Woolwich The Royal Military Academy (RMA) at Woolwich, in south-east London, was a British Army military academy for the training of Officer (armed forces), commissioned officers of the Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers. It later also trained officers of ...
was set up in 1741, after a false start in 1720 because of a lack of funds, as the earliest military academy in Britain. Its original purpose was to train cadets entering the
Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery Artillery is a class of heavy military ranged weapons built to launch Ammunition, munitions far be ...
Royal Engineers The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the ''Sapper A sapper, also called pioneer Pioneer commonly refers to a settler who migrates to previously uninhabited or sparsely inhabited ...
. In France, the École Royale du Génie at
was founded in 1748, followed by a non-technical academy in 1751, the
École Royale Militaire
École Royale Militaire
offering a general military education to the nobility. French military academies were widely copied in
Prussia Prussia, , Old Prussian Distribution of the Baltic tribes, circa 1200 CE (boundaries are approximate). Old Prussian was a Western Baltic language belonging to the Balto-Slavic branch of the Indo-European languages The Indo-Europ ...

Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...
Russia Russia ( rus, link=no, Россия, Rossiya, ), or the Russian Federation, is a country spanning Eastern Europe Eastern Europe is the eastern region of . There is no consistent definition of the precise area it covers, partly because th ...
. The
Norwegian Military Academy The Norwegian Military Academy (''Krigsskolen''), in Oslo Oslo ( , , or ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper ...

Norwegian Military Academy
in Oslo, educates officers of the
Norwegian Army The Norwegian Army ( no, Hæren) is the land warfare Ground warfare or land warfare is the process of military operations eventuating in combat that takes place predominantly on the battlespace land surface of the Earth, planet. Land warfare ...
. The academy was established in 1750, and is the oldest institution for higher education in Norway. By the turn of the century, under the impetus of the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
and the strain that the armies of Europe subsequently came under, military academies for the training of commissioned officers of the army were set up in most of the combatant nations. These military schools had two functions: to provide instruction for serving officers in the functions of the efficient staff-officer, and to school youngsters before they gained an officer's commission. The Kriegsakademie in Prussia was founded in 1801 and the
École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr The École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is a French military academy A military academy or service academy is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service i ...

École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr
was created by order of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802 as a replacement for the École Royale Militaire of the
Ancien Régime The Ancien Régime (; ; literally "old rule"), also known as the Old Regime was the political Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with Decision-making, making decisions in Social group, groups, or other forms o ...
(the institution that Napoleon himself had graduated from). The
Royal Military College, Sandhurst The Royal Military College (RMC), founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow Great Marlow is a civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a gen ...
, in England was the brainchild of John Le Marchant in 1801, who established schools for the military instruction of officers at
High Wycombe High Wycombe, often referred to as Wycombe ( ), is a large market town A market town is a European settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe con ...

High Wycombe
Great Marlow Great Marlow is a civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the imp ...
, with a grant of £30,000 from Parliament of the United Kingdom, Parliament. The two original departments were later combined and moved to Sandhurst. In the United States, the United States Military Academy (USMA) in West Point, New York was founded on March 16, 1802, and is one of five
service academies A military academy or service academy (United States service academies, in the United States) is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service in the officer corps. It normally provides education in a military environment, t ...
in the nation.


Pre-collegiate institutions

A military school teaches children of various ages (elementary school, middle school or high school) in a military environment which includes training in military aspects, such as drill. Many military schools are also boarding schools, and others are simply magnet schools in a larger school system. Many are privately run institutions, though some are public and are run either by a public school system (such as the Chicago Public Schools) or by a state. A common misconception results because some states have chosen to house their juvenile criminal populations in higher-security boarding schools that are run in a manner similar to military boarding schools. These are also called reform schools, and are functionally a combination of school and prison. They attempt to emulate the environment of military boarding schools in the belief that a strict structured environment can reform these children. This may or may not be true. However, their environment and target population are different from those of military schools. Popular culture sometimes shows parents sending or threatening to send unruly children off to military school (or boarding school) to teach them good behavior (e.g. in the "Army of One (The Sopranos), Army of One" episode of ''The Sopranos'', Tony Soprano, Tony and Carmela Soprano consider sending their son, AJ Soprano, AJ, to the Hudson Military Institute; a similar situation appears in ''Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure'' ), while other fictional depictions don't show military academies as threats or punishment (e.g. ''Damien: Omen II'' and ''The Presidio'').

Adult institutions

A college-level military academy is an institute of higher learning of things military. It is part of a larger system of military education and training institutions. The primary educational goal at military academies is to provide a high quality education that includes significant coursework and training in the fields of military tactics and military strategy. The amount of non-military coursework varies by both the institution and the country, and the amount of practical military experience gained varies as well. Military academies may or may not grant university degrees. In the US, graduates have a major field of study, earning a Bachelor's degree in that subject just as at other universities. However, in British academies, the graduate does not achieve a university degree, since the whole of the one-year course (undertaken mainly but not exclusively by university graduates) is dedicated to military training. There are two types of military academies: national (government-run) and state/private-run. *Graduates from national academies are typically commissioned as officers in the country's military. The new officers usually have an obligation to serve for a certain number of years. In some countries (e.g. Britain) all military officers train at the appropriate academy, whereas in others (e.g. the United States) only a percentage do and the service academies are seen as institutions which supply service-specific officers within the forces (about 15 percent of US military officers). *State or private-run academy graduates have no requirement to join the military after graduation, although some schools have a high rate of graduate military service. Today, most of these schools have ventured away from their military roots and now enroll both military and civilian students. The only exception in the United States is the Virginia Military Institute which remains all-military.


*Armed Forces Academy (Albania), Armed Forces Academy


* Military Academy (Angola), Army Military Academy * National Air Force Academy (Angola), National Air Force Academy * Naval Academy of Angola, Naval Academy


Argentine Army: * Colegio Militar de la Nación (National Military College), in El Palomar, Buenos Aires (northwestern outskirts of Buenos Aires) Argentine Navy: * Escuela Naval Militar (Naval Military School (Argentina), Naval Military School), in Río Santiago, Buenos Aires (in Ensenada, near La Plata) Argentine Air Force: * Escuela de Aviación Militar (Military Aviation School (Argentina), Military Aviation School), in the city of Córdoba, Argentina, Córdoba


* National Defense Research University * Vazgen Sargsyan Military Institute * Armenak Khanperyants Military Aviation University


*Australian Defence Force Academy *Royal Australian Naval College *Royal Military College, Duntroon *Officers' Training School RAAF


*Theresian Military Academy *Landesverteidigungsakademie


*Schools of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces **War College of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces **Azerbaijan Higher Military Academy (formerly the Baku Higher Combined Arms Command School) ***Azerbaijan Higher Naval Academy (former independent institution) ***Azerbaijan High Military Aviation School (former independent institution) *Special service higher schools **Academy of the Ministry of National Security **High Military School of Internal Troops of Azerbaijan **Police Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs **State Border Service Academy **Academy of Ministry of Emergency Situations **Academy of State Customs Committee


*Bangladesh Military Academy *Bangladesh Naval Academy *Bangladesh Air Force Academy *Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Airport Road, Dhaka

Cadet colleges in Bangladesh


* Military Academy of Belarus * Border Guard Service Institute of Belarus * Ministry of the Interior Academy of the Republic of Belarus


*Royal Military Academy (Belgium)


*Military College of Bolivia (Colegio Militar del Ejército de Bolivia) *Bolivian Military Naval Academy * Bolivian Air Force Academy


Basic Education

(offers an education with military values for civilians students of primary and secondary school)Brazilian Army: * :pt:Colégios Militares do Brasil, Sistema Colégio Militar do Brasil (SCMB) ''(Military High School of Brazil System)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Belém, Colégio Militar de Belém (CMBel) ''(Military High School of Belém)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Belo Horizonte, Colégio Militar de Belo Horizonte (CMBH) ''(Military High School of Belo Horizonte)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Brasília, Colégio Militar de Brasília (CMB) ''(Military High School of Brasília)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Campo Grande, Colégio Militar de Campo Grande (CMCG) ''(Military High School of Campo Grande)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Curitiba, Colégio Militar de Curitiba (CMC) ''(Military High School of Curitiba)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Fortaleza, Colégio Militar de Fortaleza (CMF) ''(Military High School of Fortaleza)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Juiz de Fora, Colégio Militar de Juiz de Fora (CMJF) ''(Military High School of Juiz de Fora)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Manaus, Colégio Militar de Manaus (CMM) ''(Military High School of Manaus)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Porto Alegre, Colégio Militar de Porto Alegre (CMPA) ''(Military High School of Porto Alegre)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar do Recife, Colégio Militar do Recife (CMR) ''(Military High School of Recife)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar do Rio de Janeiro, Colégio Militar do Rio de Janeiro (CMRJ) ''(Military High School of Rio de Janeiro)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Salvador, Colégio Militar de Salvador (CMS) ''(Military High School of Salvador)'' ** :pt:Colégio Militar de Santa Maria, Colégio Militar de Santa Maria (CMSM) ''(Military High School of Santa Maria)'' ** Colégio Militar de São Paulo (CMSP) ''(Military High School of São Paulo)''

Preparatory Schools

(prepares students for admission to one of the official training academies)Brazilian Army: * Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Exército (EsPCEx) ''(Army Cadets Preparatory School)'' Brazil's Navy: * :pt:Colégio Naval, Colégio Naval (CN) ''(Naval High School)'' Brazilian Air Force: * :pt:Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Ar, Escola Preparatória de Cadetes do Ar (EPCAR) ''(Air Cadets Preparatory School)''

Sailor and Marine Soldier Training

Brazil's Navy: * Centro de Instrução Almirante Milcíades Portela Alves (CIAMPA) ''(Admiral Milcíades Portela Alves Instruction Center)'' * Centro de Instrução e Adestramento de Brasília (CIAB) ''(Brasília Instruction and Training Center)'' * :pt:Escolas de Aprendizes-Marinheiros do Brasil, Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros (EAM) ''(Apprentices-Sailors School)'' ** :pt:Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros do Ceará, Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros do Ceará (EAMCE) ''(Ceará Apprentices-Sailors School)'' ** :pt:Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros do Espírito Santo, Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros do Espírito Santo (EAMES) ''(Espirito Santo Apprentices-Sailors School)'' ** :pt:Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros de Pernambuco, Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros de Pernambuco (EAMPE) ''(Pernambuco Apprentices-Sailors School)'' ** :pt:Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros de Santa Catarina, Escola de Aprendizes-Marinheiros de Santa Catarina (EAMSC) ''(Santa Catarina Apprentices-Sailors School)''

Sergeants Training

Brazilian Army: * :pt:Escola de Sargentos das Armas, Escola de Sargento das Armas (ESA) ''(Sergeant of Arms School)'' * :pt:Escola de Sargentos de Logística, Escola de Sargento de Logística (EsSLog) ''(Sergeant of Logistics School)'' * :pt:Centro de Instrução de Aviação do Exército, Centro de Instrução de Aviação do Exército (CiAvEx) ''(Army Aviation Instruction Center)'' Brazil's Navy: * Centro de Instrução Almirante Alexandrino (CIAA) ''(Admiral Alexandrino Instruction Center)'' * Centro de Instrução Almirante Sylvio de Camargo (CIASC) ''(Admiral Sylvio de Camargo Instruction Center)'' Brazilian Air Force: * :pt:Escola de Especialistas de Aeronáutica, Escola de Especialistas da Aeronáutica (EEAR) ''(Air Force Specialists School)''

Officers Training

Brazilian Army: * Academia Militar das Agulhas Negras (AMAN) ''(Agulhas Negras Military Academy)'' * :pt:Escola de Formação Complementar do Exército, Escola de Formação Complementar do Exército (EsFCEx) ''(Army Complementary Training School)'' * :pt:Escola de Saúde do Exército, Escola de Saúde do Exército (EsSEx) ''(Army Health School)'' * Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME) ''(Military Institute of Engineering)'' Brazil's navy: * Centro de Instrução Almirante Wandenkolk (CIAW) ''(Admiral Wandekolk Instruction Center)'' * :pt:Escola de Formação de Oficiais da Marinha Mercante, Escola de Formação de Oficiais da Marinha Mercante (EFOMM) ''(Merchant Navy Officers Training School)'' * :pt:Escola Naval (Brasil), Escola Naval (EN) ''(Naval School)'' Brazilian Air Force: * :pt:Academia da Força Aérea (Brasil), Academia da Força Aérea (AFA) ''(Air Force Academy)'' * Centro de Instrução e Adaptação da Aeronáutica ''(CIAAR) (Air Force Instruction and Adaptation Center)'' * Instituto Tecnológico de Aeronáutica (ITA) ''(Aeronautics Institute of Technology)''


* Vasil Levski National Military University founded in 1878 as a military school in Plovdiv **Bulgarian Air Force, Air Force Faculty in Dolna Mitropoliya **Artillery, Air Defence and CIS Faculty in Shumen **All-Force Faculty faculty in Veliko Tarnovo * Nikola Vaptsarov Naval Academy in Varna, Bulgaria, Varna and founded in 1881 as Naval Machinery School in Rousse * Rakovski Defence and Staff College in Sofia, founded with an Act of the 15th National Assembly of March 1, 1912, in Sofia


Two tertiary education, post-secondary military academies are operated under the Canadian Military Colleges system, the Royal Military College of Canada (RMCC) in Kingston, Ontario, Kingston, Ontario; and the Collège militaire royal de Saint-Jean (CMR) in Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Quebec. RMCC was established in 1876, while CMR was established in 1954.H16511 Dr. Richard Arthur Preston "To Serve Canada: A History of the Royal Military College of Canada" 1997 Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 1969. The two institutions provided military education to officer cadets of all three elements in the Canadian Forces; the navy, army and air force; with RMC granted the authority to confer academic degrees in arts, science and engineering by the 1960s. From 1940 to 1995, the Department of National Defence operated a third military college in Victoria, British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia, known as Royal Roads Military College. Graduates of the Colleges are widely acknowledged to have had a disproportionate impact in the Canadian services and society, thanks to the solid foundations provided by their military education. Military discipline and training, as well as a focus on physical fitness and fluency in both of Canada's two official languages, English and French, provided cadets with ample challenges and a very fulfilling experience. In 1995 the Department of National Defence was forced to close RRMC and CMR due to budget considerations, but RMCC continues to operate. RRMC reopened as a civilian university in the fall of 1995, and is maintained by the Government of British Columbia. In 2007, the Department of National Defence reopened CMR as a military academy that offers equivalent schooling as CEGEP, a level of post-secondary education in Education in Quebec, Quebec's education system. In 2021 CMR was returned to University status and had officer cadets graduate and received their commission for the first time since 1995. In addition to Canadian Military Colleges, the Canadian Armed Forces also operate a number of training centres and schools, including the Canadian Forces College, and the Canadian Forces Language School. The components of the Canadian Armed Forces also maintain training centres and schools. The Canadian Army Doctrine and Training Centre (CADTC) is a formation in the Army that delivers combat, and doctrinal training. The CADTC includes several training establishments, such as the Canadian Manoeuvre Training Centre, Combat Training Centre, Canadian Army Command and Staff College, Command and Staff College, and the Peace Support Training Centre. The Royal Canadian Air Force#2 Canadian Air Division, 2 Canadian Air Division is the formation responsible for training in the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), and includes establishments like the Royal Canadian Air Force Academy, 2 Canadian Forces Flying Training School, and 3 Canadian Forces Flying Training School. The RCAF also maintains the Canadian Forces School of Survival and Aeromedical Training. In addition to publicly operated institutions, Canada is also home to one private military boarding school, Robert Land Academy, in West Lincoln, Ontario. Founded in 1978, it is an all-boys' institute that is fully accredited by Ontario's Ministry of Education (Ontario), Ministry of Education. The school offers elementary and secondary levels of education, providing schooling for students from Grade 6 to Grade 12.


National Army of Colombia: *José María Córdova Military School, in Bogotá. *Colombian Army NCO School Colombian Air Force: *Marco Fidel Suárez Air Base, Marco Fidel Suarez Military Aviation School, in Cali. Colombian Naval Infantry and Colombian Navy: *Admiral Padilla Naval Academy, in Cartagena de Indias. National Police of Colombia: *General Santander National Police Academy, in Bogotá.

Czech Republic

* University of Defence (Czech Republic), Univerzita Obrany (University of Defence) * Military academy and training command

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

* Kim Jong-un National Defense University * Kim Il-sung Military University * Kim Il-sung Military Political University * Kim Jong-suk Naval Academy * Kim Chaek Air Force Academy


*Royal Danish Defence College *Royal Danish Military Academy *
Royal Danish Naval Academy The Royal Danish Naval Academy ( da, Søværnets Officersskole or more commonly, ''Søofficerskolen'') educates and commissions all officers An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is th ...

Royal Danish Naval Academy
*Royal Danish Air Force Officers School


*Egyptian Air Defense Academy *Egyptian Military Technical College *Egyptian Military medical college *Egyptian Air Academy *Egyptian Military Academy *Egyptian Naval Academy

El Salvador

*Escuela Militar Capitan General Gerardo Barrios


*Estonian Military Academy *Baltic Defence College, both in Tartu


*Finnish National Defence University ''(Maanpuolustuskorkeakoulu)'', on Santahamina island, Helsinki


High schools

*Lycée militaire de Saint-Cyr *Lycée militaire d'Autun *Prytanée National Militaire *Lycée militaire d'Aix-en-Provence *Lycée naval de Brest *École des Pupilles de l'Air

Officer academies

École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr The École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr (ESM, literally the "Special Military School of Saint-Cyr") is a French military academy A military academy or service academy is an educational institution which prepares candidates for service i ...

École spéciale militaire de Saint-Cyr
(ESM, literally the "Special Military School of St Cyr") is the French Military Academy. It is often referred to as "Saint-Cyr". Founded by Napoleon in 1802, and initially in Fontainebleau, it was moved first to Saint-Cyr-l'École in 1808, and then to Coëtquidan (Brittany) in 1945. *École militaire interarmes (EMIA) *École des commissaires des armées (ECA), founded in 2013 *École de l'air: the French Air Force Academy *École Navale: the French Naval Academy * École des officiers de la gendarmerie nationale (EOGN): French gendarmerie, gendarmerie commissioned officers academy *École Polytechnique (X): a French engineering ''grande école'' of military status. Though all of its French engineering students are enlisted and trained as officers, 5% of its graduates remain in the military after graduation. * École nationale supérieure de techniques avancées de Bretagne, ENSTA Bretagne: a French engineering ''grande école'' of military status. Only 1/4 of its students are actual officers-in-training. * École de Santé des Armées: medical school of French army * National Military Infrastructure Engineers Academy: trains military engineers of the Armed Forces, opened 2013 (also one of the newest)

Postgraduate academies

* ''École d'état-major'' (Staff school): first step of higher military studies, for officer of OF-2 rank. * ''École de Guerre'' (War School): second step of higher military studies, mainly for ranks OF-2 and OF-3 who want to continue the command track (e.g. to command battalion or regiment). * ''Collège d'enseignement supérieur de l'armée de terre'' (Army Higher Education College): second step of military education, but for officers whishing to achieve a high-level specialization. ** ''Cours supérieur d'état-major'' (Advanced Staff Course) ** ''Enseignement militaire supérieur scientifique et technique'' (Higher Technical and Scientific Education). * ''Centre des hautes études militaire'' (Center for Advanced Military Studies): final step of military education, for very few selected OF-5. Its students also attend the civilian institut des hautes études de défense nationale.


*National Defense Academy (Georgia), National Defense Academy *Cadet Bachelor School *Junior Officer Basic School *Aviation Air Defense Officer Basic School *Medical Officer School *Captain Career School *Command and General Staff School *School of Advance Defense Studies *Language Training School


Germany has a unique system for civil and military education. The only true military academy is the ''Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr'' where mainly future staff officers and general staff officers are further trained. The standard education in military leadership is the task of the ''Offizierschulen'' (officers' schools) run by the three branches. The contents differ from branch to branch. According to the doctrine "leading by task", in the army all prospective platoon leaders are trained down to the level of a commander of a mixed combat battalion. There they also have to pass an officer exam to become commissioned later on. Moreover, there exist so called ''Waffenschulen'' (school of weapons) like infantry school or artillery school. There the officers learn to deal with the typical tasks of their respective corps. A specialty of the German concept of officer formation is the academic education. Germany runs two ''University of the German Federal Armed Forces, Universities of the German Federal Armed Forces'' where almost every future officer has to pass non-military studies and achieve a bachelor's or master's degree. During their studies (after at least three years of service) the candidates become commissioned ''Leutnant'' (second lieutenant). The three officer's schools are: * The German Navy supervises: ** Naval Academy at Mürwik, in Flensburg-Mürwik * The German Army supervises: ** ''Offizierschule des Heeres'', in Dresden * The German Air Force supervises: ** ''Offizierschule der Luftwaffe'', in Fürstenfeldbruck Academic and Staff (military), staff education: * University of the German Federal Armed Forces, Universities of the German Federal Armed Forces ** Helmut Schmidt University, in Hamburg ** Bundeswehr University Munich, in Munich * Führungsakademie der Bundeswehr, in Hamburg


The Greek Armed Forces, Hellenic Armed Forces have military academies supervised by each branch of the Armed Forces individually: *The Greek Army, Hellenic Army supervises: **The Hellenic Military Academy, Evelpidon Military Academy, in Athens. **The Corps Officers Military Academy, in Thessaloniki. *The Greek Air Force, Hellenic Air Force supervises: ** The Hellenic Air Force Academy, Icarus Air Force Academy, in Tatoi Airport, Tatoi (Athens). *The Greek Navy, Hellenic Navy supervises: ** The Hellenic Naval Academy, Hellenic Naval Cadets Academy, in Piraeus.


* National University of Public Service (Successor of Ludovica Military Academy, Royal Hungarian Ludovica Military Academy, which founded in 1808) ** National University of Public Service#Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training, Faculty of Military Sciences and Officer Training



The Indonesian Military Academy was founded in Yogyakarta, October 13, 1945, by the order of General Staff Chief of Indonesia Army Lieutenant General Urip Sumohardjo as the Militaire Academie (MA) Yogyakarta. Currently, the Tentara Nasional Indonesia or the TNI (Indonesian National Armed Forces), under the supervision of the Commanding General of the Indonesian National Armed Forces Academy System (a two or three-star officer in billet) in the HQ of the Indonesian National Armed Forces, has divided the academies into the three respective services: * Indonesian Military Academy (''Akademi Militer''; Akmil), in Magelang, Central Java, is under the supervision of the Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Army, operated since 1946. * Indonesian Naval Academy (''Akademi Angkatan Laut''; AAL), in Surabaya, East Java, is under the supervision of the Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Navy. The Indonesian Naval Academy also educates and forms officers to serve in the Indonesian Marine Corps. In existence since 1951. * Indonesian Air Force Academy (''Akademi Angkatan Udara''; AAU), in Yogyakarta, is under the supervision of the Chief of Staff of the Indonesian Air Force. The academy has three majorings which are: electronics, engineering, and administration. Following graduation, students who are selected as Pilot and Navigator conduct further training in the Pilot and Navigator Flight School prior bearing the Pilot/Navigator designation. Active since 1945, but also inherits the traditions of former Dutch military aviation schools. Each service academy is headed by a two-star general who serves as superintendent, and his/her deputy is a one-star officer. All the students (cadets/midshipman) are recruited from senior high school graduates from all over Indonesia. Shortly after graduation, they are commissioned as ''Letnan Dua'' (Second Lieutenant/Ensign (rank), Ensign)) in their respective service branches and get the ''Diploma IV'' (Associate degree, 4th Grade) comparable to civil academies or universities. The length term is now 4 years and is divided into five grades of cadets' ranks, starting from the lowest: * ''Prajurit Taruna/Kadet/Karbol'' (Cadet Private), 1st year (4 months) * ''Kopral Taruna/Kadet/Karbol'' (Cadet Corporal), 1st year (8 months) * ''Sersan Taruna/Kadet/Karbol'' (Cadet Sergeant), 2nd year * ''Sersan Mayor Dua Taruna/Kadet/Karbol'' (Cadet Second Sergeant Major), 3rd year * ''Sersan Mayor Satu Taruna/Kadet/Karbol'' (Cadet First Sergeant Major), 4th year ''Taruna'' refers to cadets in the Military Academy, ''Kadet'' refers to cadets in the Naval Academy, and ''Karbol'' refers to cadets in the Air Force Academy. Until 1999, before the Indonesian National Police officially separated from the armed forces, the Police academy#Indonesia, Indonesian Police Academy ("AKPOL") also stood under the National Armed Forces Academy but now has separated from the Military and is under the auspices of the President of Indonesia controlled by the National Police Headquarters (''Mabes Polri''), where in the other hand the Armed Forces (Army, Naval, and Air Force) Academies of Indonesia is under the auspices of the Ministry of Defense controlled by the Armed Forces General Headquarters (''Mabes TNI''). Presently, the Police Academy is in Semarang (Central Java), and is supervised under the supervision of the Chief of the Indonesian National Police (''Kapolri''). All three academies and the Police Academy have a joint 4th class cadet training program since 2008, after completing it the cadets go to their respective academies to continue with the three remaining years of study before commissioning.


Iran has five main military universities: * Imam Ali Officers' Academy, Imam Ali Officers' University (Persian language, Persian: دانشگاه افسری امام علی; acronym: دا اف, DĀʿAF), formerly known as Officers' School (Persian language, Persian: دانشکده افسری) is the military academy of Ground Forces of Islamic Republic of Iran Army, in Tehran, Iran. * Shahid Sattari Aeronautical University (Persian language, Persian: دانشگاه علوم و فنون هوایی شهید ستاری) is the military academy of Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force, in Tehran, Iran. * Imam Khomeini Naval University of Noshahr (Persian language, Persian: دانشگاه علوم و فنون دریایی امام خمینی) is the military academy of Islamic Republic of Iran Navy, in Noshahr, Mazandaran Province, Mazandaran, Iran. * Khatam al-Anbia Air Defense Academy (Persian language, Persian: دانشگاه پدافند هوایی خاتم‌الانبیاء آجا) is the military academy of Islamic Republic of Iran Air Defense Force, in Tehran, Iran. * Imam Hossein University (Persian language, Persian: دانشگاه امام حسین‎; acronym: IHU) is the military academy of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, in Tehran, Iran.


High school level institutions (only for classical and scientific liceum, starting from grade 10): *Scuola Militare Nunziatella, founded during the Bourbon Period in 1787, in Italian Army, Naples *Scuola Militare Teulié, founded during the Napoleonic period in 1802, Italian Army, Milan *Scuola Militare Navale Morosini, Italian Navy, Venice *Scuola Militare Aeronautica Douhet, Italian Air Force, Florence 2009–2010 school year was the first school year with girls attending. Non Commissioned Officer (NCO) schools: * Army: Scuola sottufficiali dell'Esercito Italiano, Viterbo * Navy: Scuola sottufficiali della Marina Militare, Taranto and Law Maddalena * Air Force: Scuola marescialli dell'Aeronautica Militare, Viterbo * Carabinieri: Scuola marescialli e brigadieri dei carabinieri, Firenze * Guardia di Finanza: Scuola ispettori e sovrintendenti della Guardia di Finanza, L'Aquila University level institutions: *Military Academy of Modena *Scuola di Applicazione, Torino *Accademia Navale, Livorno *Accademia Aeronautica, Pozzuoli *Scuola Ufficiali Carabinieri, Rome *Accademia della Guardia di Finanza, Bergamo


*National Defense Academy of Japan (university level) *National Defense Medical College (university level medical school) *Japan Coast Guard Academy (university level) *Officer Candidate Training Schools (for each of Ground, Maritime and Air Self-defense forces)


* National Defense University (Kazakhstan), National Defense University * Military Institute of the Kazakh Ground Forces (formerly the Alma-Ata Higher All-Arms Command School) * Talgat Bigeldinov Military Institute of the Air Defence Forces * Military Engineering Institute of Radio Electronics and Communications


* Military Institute of the Armed Forces of the Kyrgyz Republic * Center for Advanced Training of Officers


Secondary level institutions: * Royal Military College (Malaysia) (Maktab Tentera Diraja) University level: * National Defence University of Malaysia (''University Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia'') (foundation, bachelor's degree, master's degree, PhD and specialist courses) * Armed Forces Defence College (''Maktab Pertahanan Angkatan Tentera'') Specialist training and Staff college, staff institutions: * Officers Cadet School in Port Dickson (OCS) * Malaysian Armed Forces Staff College (Maktab Turus Angkatan Tentera) * Armed Forces Health Training Institute (Institut Latihan Kesihatan Angkatan Tentera) * Malaysian Peacekeeping Training Centre (Pusat Latihan Pengaman Malaysia) Reserve Officer Training Units ( ms, Pasukan Latihan Pegawai Simpanan or ) or ROTU exists only in public universities in Malaysia. This is a tertiary institution based officer commissioning program to equip students as officer cadets with military knowledge and understanding for service as Commissioned Officers in the reserve components of the various branches of the Malaysian Armed Forces.


* Heroica Escuela Naval Militar * Heroic Military Academy (Mexico), Heroico Colegio Militar * Colegio del Aire


* Alexandru cel Bun Military Academy


* National Defense University (Mongolia), National Defense University ** Military Music College of Mongolia


* Defence Services Academy * Defence Services Technological Academy * Defence Services Medical Academy * Officer Training School (Myanmar) (OTS) * National Defence College (Myanmar) (NDC) * Defence Services Institute of Nursing and Paramedical Science


*Namibian Military School


*Koninklijke Militaire Academie *Royal Naval College (Netherlands)

New Zealand

Tier One – initial officer training * New Zealand Commissioning Course, Waiouru (NZ Army) * Initial Officer Training, RNZAF Base Woodbourne, Woodbourne (RNZAF) * Officer Training School, Devonport Naval Base Tier Two – junior officer education * NZDF Junior Staff Course, New Zealand Defence College Tier Three – senior officer education * NZDF Staff Course, New Zealand Defence College


High school training

* Nigerian Military School, Zaria – Nigerian Army military school for boys * Air Force Military School, Jos, Nigeria, in Jos – Nigerian Air Force military school for boys * Nigerian Navy Military School, Ikot Ntuen, Akwa Ibom State – Nigerian Navy military School for boys

Undergraduate officer training

* Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna – Nigerian Armed Forces university school

Postgraduate officer training

* Armed Forces Command and Staff College, Jaji, at Jaji, Nigeria, Jaji, Kaduna – joint Nigerian Armed Forces higher studies institute for both indigenous and international students * Nigerian Army College of Logistics, Lagos – school for training middle career Nigerian Army officers on military logistics * National Defence College, Nigeria, National Defence College, Abuja – school for training senior officers of the Nigerian Armed Forces and also some members of the civil service *Army War College Nigeria *Naval War College Nigeria *Air War College Nigeria


Undergraduate officer training

Norwegian Military Academy The Norwegian Military Academy (''Krigsskolen''), in Oslo Oslo ( , , or ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper ...

Norwegian Military Academy
, Linderud/Oslo (Norwegian Army) * Norwegian Naval Academy, Laksevåg/Bergen (Royal Norwegian Navy) * Norwegian Air Force Academy, Trondheim (Royal Norwegian Air Force)

Postgraduate training

* Norwegian Defence Staff College, Oslo (joint) * Norwegian National Defence College, Oslo (civil service/very senior officers)


* Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul * Pakistan Air Force Academy, Risalpur * Pakistan Naval Academy, Karachi * Pakistan Command and Staff College, Command and Staff College, Quetta * National Defence University, Pakistan, National Defence University, Islamabad * Pakistan Navy War College, Lahore * PAF Air War College, Karachi * Army Burn Hall College, for boys, Abbottabad * Army Public College of Management Sciences (public sector) * Military College Jhelum, Jhelum District * Military College Murree, Rawalpindi District * Military College Sui, Dera Bugti District * PAF College Sargodha * PAF College Murre Hills * Cadet College Razmak, Razmak North Waziristan Agency * Cadet College Kohat * Cadet College Wana * Cadet College Spinkai * Cadet College Mastung * Cadet College Petaro, Pakistan Navy * Garrison Cadet College Kohat * Cadet College Skardu


* Francisco López Military Academy, in Capiatá, Paraguay

People's Republic of China

*PLA National Defense University *National University of Defense Technology *PLA Information Engineering University *Army Command College of the Chinese People's Liberation Army


Undergraduate officer training * Chorrillos Military School (Peruvian Army) * Peruvian Naval School (Peruvian Navy) * Peruvian Air Force Officers' School (Peruvian Air Force) * Officers' School of the National Police of Peru (National Police of Peru)


The Philippines patterned all its service academies after the United States Military Academy (West Point) and the United States Merchant Marine Academy (King's Point). These higher education institutions are operated by the Philippine Government and grant different baccalaureate degrees. *Philippine Military Academy (Akademiyang Militar ng Pilipinas), City of Baguio – It is the primary training school of the Armed Forces of the Philippines for would be regular commissioned officers of the Philippine Army, Philippine Navy, Philippine Marine Corps and the Philippine Air Force. It is under the control of the Department of National Defense (Philippines), Department of National Defense. Its former name was the Philippine Constabulary Academy. During the American colonial rule era, U.S. Army Cavalry Officers established the school for the professionalization of the enlisted personnel of the defunct Philippine Constabulary. It was renamed the Philippine Military Academy before the 1930s. In 1992, PMA stopped providing graduates to the Philippine Constabulary after the passage of Republic Act 6975 which resulted in the merger of the Philippine Constabulary and the Integrated National Police. The merged institutions was named the Philippine National Police. Beginning in 1993, PMA became a co-educational school. *Philippine Merchant Marine Academy, Zambales – It is a school for students who shall serve in different private shipping companies, foreign or local. Its graduates may serve in the Philippine Coast Guard and the Philippine Navy as an ensign after graduation depending upon their choice. All PMMA graduates are also automatically appointed by the president of the Philippines as ensigns (2nd lieutenants) in the Philippine Navy Reserve. This is the oldest of the Philippine service academies having been established in 1820 during the long period of Spanish colonial rule in the country, and was first situated in Manila for many years. Aside from the PMA and the PMMA, all three branches of the AFP have their own Officer Candidate Course Programs for both men and women, patterned after their US counterparts. The nation's higher military colleges are: * Armed Forces of the Philippines Command and General Staff College, Quezon City – educates officers of the AFP not exceeding the ranks of Colonel or Navy Captain * National Defense College of the Philippines, Quezon City – is a school for senior AFP officers for military/naval planning and to ready them in holding the ranks of Brigadier General/Commodore. Notable civilians may enroll and be given the honorary rank of Lieutenant Colonel/Commander in the AFP Reserve upon graduation.


*War Studies University *Jarosław Dąbrowski Military University of Technology in Warsaw *Tadeusz Kościuszko Land Forces Military Academy in Wrocław *Polish Air Force Academy in Dęblin *Polish Naval Academy, Heroes of Westerplatte Naval Academy in Gdynia *Faculty of Military Medicine of the Medical University of Łódź, Medical University in Łódź


Pre-university level institution

* Colégio Militar, Lisbon – military basic and high school * Instituto dos Pupilos do Exército, Lisbon – vocational education military school

Undergraduate officer training

* Academia Militar, Lisbon and Amadora – Portuguese Army and Portuguese Republican National Guard, Republican National Guard university school * Naval School (Portugal), Escola Naval, Almada – Portuguese Navy university school * Portuguese Air Force Academy, Academia da Força Aérea, Sintra – Portuguese Air Force university school

Postgraduate and staff training

* Instituto de Estudos Superiores Militares, Lisbon – joint command and staff college

Republic of China

*Republic of China Military Academy, R.O.C. Military Academy *Republic of China Naval Academy, R.O.C. Naval Academy *Republic of China Air Force Academy, R.O.C. Air Force Academy *R.O.C. Air Force Institute of Technology *Army Academy R.O.C. *National Defense University (Republic of China), National Defense University ** War College ** Army Command and Staff College ** Naval Command and Staff College ** Air Force Command and Staff College ** Institute of Technology ** Management College ** Political Warfare College *National Defense Medical Center *Chung-cheng Armed Forces Preparatory School

Republic of Ireland

* Defence Forces Training Centre * Naval College (Ireland), Naval College * Air Corps College (Ireland), Air Corps College

Republic of Korea

The three main military academies: * Korea Military Academy (Republic of Korea Army, Army) * Korea Naval Academy * Korea Air Force Academy Other military academies: * Korea Army Academy at Yeongcheon, formerly Korea Third Military Academy * Armed Forces Nursing Academy


* Carol I National Defence University (''Universitatea Națională de Apărare Carol I''), Bucharest * Technical Military Academy of Bucharest, Technical Military Academy (''Academia Tehnică Militară''), Bucharest * Romanian Land Forces, Land Forces: **Nicolae Bălcescu Land Forces Academy, Sibiu * Romanian Air Forces, Air Forces: **Academia Forțelor Aeriene (Air Forces Academy), Braṣov * Romanian Naval Forces, Naval Forces: **Mircea cel Bătrân Naval Academy, Constanța, Constanṭa


See also: Cadet Corps (Russia), Military academies in Russia

First stage of training

* The Cadet Corps (Russia), Cadet Corps is an admissions-based military middle school for young boys that was founded in the Russian Empire in 1732, soon becoming widespread throughout the country. :*Omsk Cadet Corps :*Karelia Cadet Corps :*Krasnoyarsk Cadet Corps :*Magnitogorsk Cadet Corps :*Georgy Zhukov Moscow Cadet Corps :* Moscow Cossacks Cadet Corps :* Moscow Cadet Corps of Military Music :* Moscow Cadet Corps of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia :* Moscow Diplomatic Cadet Corps :* Moscow Cadet Corps "Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad" :*St.Petersburg Russian Space Forces, Space Forces Cadet Corps :*St.Petersburg Strategic Rocket Forces Cadet Corps :*St.Petersburg Artillery Cadet Corps :*The 1st St. Petersburg Border guard Cadet Corps of the Federal Security Service (Russia), FSB :*Tambov Cadet Corps :*Toliatti Cadet Corps :*Ufa Cadet Corps * The Sea Cadet Corps (Russia), Sea Cadet Corps :* Kronstadt Sea Cadet Corps, Kronstadt S.C.C. :* Moscow Representative Sea Cadet Corps of the Navigation and Mathematics School :* Moscow Sea Cadet Corps Heroes of Sevastopol

Secondary education

* Suvorov Military Schools are a type of boarding school in modern Russia for boys aged 14–18. Education in such these schools focuses on military related subjects. :* Irkutsk S.M.S. :* Kazan Suvorov Military School, Kazan S.M.S. :* Moscow Suvorov Military School, Moscow S.M.S. :* Moscow Military Music College :* North Caucasus S.M.S. :* Orenburg S.M.S. :* Perm, Russia, Perm S.M.S. :* St. Petersburg Russian Space Forces, Space Forces S.M.S. :* Tula, Russia, Tula S.M.S. (reopening 2016 after 56 years of closure) :* Tver S.M.S. :* Ulyanovsk S.M.S. :* Ussuriysk S.M.S. :* Yekaterinburg Suvorov Military School, Yekaterinburg S.M.S. * Nakhimov Naval School is a form of higher naval education for teenagers introduced in modern Russia. :* St. Petersburg N.N.S. :* Murmansk Nakhimov Naval School, Murmansk N.N.S. :* Kaliningrad N.N.S :* Sevastopol N.N.S. :* Vladivostok N.N.S.

Post-secondary education

* Combined Arms Academy of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation * Gagarin Air Force Academy (now the Gagarin-Zhukovsky Combined Air Force Academy) * Military Engineering-Technical University * Saint Petersburg Mining Institute * Alexander Popov Naval Radio-electronic Academy * Military Materiel Security Academy * Military academies in Russia#S.O. Makarov Pacific Naval Institute, Pacific Naval Institute * Moscow Peter the Great Strategic Rocket Forces Academy * Moscow Higher Military Command School * Baltic Naval Institute * Sevastopol Black Sea Higher Naval Institute * Military University of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation * Far Eastern Higher Combined Arms Command School * Budyonny Military Academy of the Signal Corps * Yekaterinburg Force Command School of Artillery * Air General Staff Center of Missile and Air Defense Excellence * Khabarovsk Military Commanders Training Academy * Civil Defense Academy of the Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Ministry of Emergency Situations * Sergey Kirov Military Communications Academy * S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy * St. Petersburg Military College of Physical Fitness and Sports * Marshal Aleksander Vasilevsky Military Academy of the Armed Forces Air Defense Branch * Moscow Border Guards Superior College * Military University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

Staff college

* General Staff Academy (Russia), General staff Academy * N. G. Kuznetsov Naval Academy


* Military Academy Belgrade * Military Medical Academy (Serbia)


*Officer Cadet School (Singapore), Officer Cadet School *Specialist Cadet School *Singapore Command and Staff College


* Camp TURKSOM trains both officers and NCOs, offers a two-year course for officers and a one-year course for NCOs.

South Africa

* South African Military Academy provides officers in the SANDF with an opportunity to earn a 3yr BMil degree.


*General Military Academy, Zaragoza *Academia General del Aire, San Javier, Spain, San Javier *Naval Military Academy, Marín, Pontevedra, Marín * Escuela Superior de las Fuerzas Armadas * Academia Central de la Defensa * Academia de Artillería * Academia de Infantería de Toledo, Academia de Infantería * Academia de Caballería de Valladolid, Academia de Caballería * Academia de Ingenieros de Hoyo de Manzanares, Academia de Ingenieros * Academia de Logística * Academia General Básica de Suboficiales * Navy NCO School * Academia Básica del Aire * Escuela Militar de Montaña y Operaciones Especiales

Sri Lanka


*General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, Colombo

Officer training

*Sri Lanka Military Academy, Diyatalawa *Naval and Maritime Academy, Trincomalee *Air Force Academy, China Bay, Air Force Academy, SLAF China Bay, Trincomalee

Staff training

*Defence Services Command and Staff College


Undergraduate officer training

*Military Academy Karlberg, officers *Military Academy Halmstad, specialist officers (NCO) and reserve officers

Postgraduate training

*Swedish Defence University


*Tanzania Military Academy


*Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School (secondary level) *Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy (university level) *Phramongkutklao College of Medicine (medicine, university level) *Royal Thai Navy Academy (university level) *Royal Thai Air Force Academy (university level) * Royal Thai Police Cadet Academy ; Medicine, University level * Phramongkutklao College of Medicine * Royal Thai Army Nursing College * Royal Thai Navy Nursing College * Royal Thai Air Force Nursing College * Royal Thai Police Nursing College


*National Defense University (Turkey), National Defense University * Turkish Military Academy * Turkish Naval Academy * Turkish Air Force Academy


* Military Academy of Turkmenistan (founded in 2007) * Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense of Turkmenistan ** Berdimuhamed Annayev 1st Specialized Military School (Ashgabat) ** Alp Arslan 2nd Specialized Military School (Dashoguz) ** Soltan Sanjar 3rd Specialized Military School (Mary, Turkmenistan, Mary) * Turkmen State Border Service Institute * Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Turkmenistan * Turkmen National Security Institute * Turkmen Naval Institute


Uganda maintains the followings military training institutions, as of December 2010: * Bihanga Military Training School – at Bihanga, in Ibanda District, Western Region, Uganda, Western Uganda * Kalama Warfare Training School – at Kabamba, Mubende District * National Leadership Institute (NALI) – at Kyankwanzi, Kyankwanzi District * Oliver Tambo School of Leadership – at Kaweweta, Nakaseke District * Uganda Air Defence and Artillery School – at Nakasongola in Nakasongola District * Uganda Military Airforce Academy – at Nakasongola in Nakasongola District * University of Military Science and Technology – at Lugazi, Buikwe District * Uganda Junior Staff College – at Qaddafi Barracks, Jinja, Uganda, Jinja * Uganda Military Academy – at Kabamba, Mubende District * Uganda Senior Command and Staff College – at Kimaka, Jinja, Uganda, Jinja * Uganda Urban Warfare Training School – at Singo, Kiboga District


A number of universities have specialized military institutes, such as the Faculty of Military Legal Studies at Kharkiv's National Yaroslav Mudryi Law Academy of Ukraine; however, the primary Ukrainian military academies are the following: * Hetman Petro Sahaidachnyi National Ground Forces Academy, Hetman Petro Sahaydachnyi Military Academy, Lviv * Admiral Pavel Nakhimov Naval Academy, Odessa * Ivan Kozhedub Air Force University, Kharkiv

Staff colleges

* Ivan Chernyakhovsky National Defense University of Ukraine, National Defence University of Ukraine "Ivan Chernyakhovsky", KyivOfficial website of National Defense University of Ukraine

United Kingdom

Pre-University level institution

*Duke of York's Royal Military School – Military based secondary school in Dover, Kent; students are influenced to join the forces after education, but have no commitment to do so. There are also numerous Cadet forces that operate for all branches of the armed forces for children aged 10–20. These are not designed to recruit people into the armed forces but rather are simply Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Ministry of Defence sponsored youth organisations.

Undergraduate service

Although an undergraduate degree is not a prerequisite for Officer training, the majority of potential Officers will have attended University before joining the Armed Forces. At some universities there may be the option for people to join either a University Royal Naval Unit, a Officers' Training Corps, University Officer Training Corps (UOTC) or a University Air Squadron, which are designed to introduce students to life in the Forces and show them the careers that are available. People sponsored under the Defence Technical Undergraduate Scheme will join one of the four Support Units attached to universities participating in DTUS. There is a requirement for bursars of DTUS to join the military for three years after completion of their degree, there no requirement for students of any other organisation to join the military after they finish their degree programs; and the great majority have no further contact with the armed forces. Although service with these organisations may give some initial benefit to cadets attending the military colleges/academies, the next stage of the officer training programs assumes no prior military experience/knowledge, and those that did not partake in military activities at university are not disadvantaged.

Officer training

There are now four military academies in the United Kingdom. Although the curriculum at each varies due to the differing nature of the service a man or woman is joining, it is a combination of military and academic study that is designed to turn young civilians into comprehensively trained military officers. *Britannia Royal Naval College, HMS ''Dartmouth'' *Commando Training Centre Royal Marines *Royal Military Academy Sandhurst *Royal Air Force College Cranwell Officer Training for the Reserve Forces (e.g. Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Army Reserve, Royal Naval Reserve, RAF Reserves and Royal Marines Reserves) also takes place at the relevant military academies, but under a different curriculum and the courses tend to be concentrated into a much shorter period – a significant amount of the study will be undertaken at the cadet's reserve unit.

Postgraduate and staff training

*Defence Academy of the United Kingdom :*Royal College of Defence Studies (mainly for officers of Colonel/Brigadier or equivalent rank selected as future senior leaders; highly selective) :*Joint Services Command and Staff College (courses for officers from Major to Brigadier or equivalent rank) :*Defence College of Management and Technology :*Armed Forces Chaplaincy Centre :*Advanced Research and Assessment Group :*Conflict Studies Research Centre

United States


In the United States, the term "military academy" does not necessarily mean a government-owned institution run by the armed forces to train its own officers. It may also mean a middle school, high school, or college, whether public or private, which instructs its students in military-style education, discipline and tradition. Students at such civilian institutions can earn a commission in the U.S. military through the successful completion of a Reserve Officer Training Corps program along with their college or university's academic coursework. *The term military school primarily refers to pre-collegiate Military high school, secondary-school-level military institutions. *The term military academy commonly refers to a pre-collegiate, collegiate, and post-collegiate institution, especially the U.S. military-run academies. * The term US military staff colleges refers to separate graduate schools catering to officers on active duty . Most U.S. state, state-level military academies maintain both a civilian student body and a traditional Cadet Corps, corps of cadets. The only exception is the Virginia Military Institute, which remains all-military.

Federal service academies

The colleges operated by the U.S. Federal Government, referred to as United States service academies, federal service academies, are: *United States Military Academy, West Point, New York *United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland *United States Air Force Academy, Colorado Springs, Colorado *United States Coast Guard Academy, New London, Connecticut *United States Merchant Marine Academy, Kings Point, New York

Post-graduate school

*Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, Maryland

Senior and junior military colleges

There is one all-military state-sponsored military academy: *The Virginia Military Institute (VMI), Lexington, Virginia In addition, these five institutions that were military colleges at the time of their founding now maintain both a corps of cadets and a civilian student body. Many of these institutions also offer on-line degree programs: *University of North Georgia, Dahlonega, Georgia — Formed by a 2013 merger with Gainesville State College, its main predecessor institution, last known as North Georgia College & State University, was chartered as a military college. However, when NGCSU was founded in 1873 as North Georgia Agricultural College, it had both a corps and a civilian student body, and was also the state's first coeducational college. *Norwich University, Norwich University Corps of Cadets. Norwich University, Northfield, Vermont is a private university in Northfield, Vermont. It is the oldest private military college in the United States. The university was founded in 1819 at Norwich, Vermont, as the American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy. It is the oldest of six senior military colleges, and is recognized by the United States Department of Defense as the "Birthplace of ROTC" *Texas A&M Corps of Cadets, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas *The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina *Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets, Virginia Tech, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia Along with VMI, these institutions are known as the United States senior military college, senior military colleges of the US. Today four institutions are considered military junior colleges (MJC). These four military schools participate in the Army's two-year Early Commissioning Program, an Army ROTC program where qualified students can earn a commission as a Second Lieutenant after only two years of college. The four military Junior colleges are as follows: *Georgia Military College, Milledgeville, Georgia *Marion Military Institute, Marion, Alabama *New Mexico Military Institute, Roswell, New Mexico *Valley Forge Military Academy and College, Wayne, Pennsylvania

Merchant Marine Academies that have military academy-style operations

There are six state-operated Merchant Marine academies: * Massachusetts Maritime Academy * Maine Maritime Academy * State University of New York Maritime College (part of the State University of New York, State University of New York (SUNY) system) * Texas A&M University at Galveston, Texas A&M Maritime Academy (part of the Texas A&M University System) * Great Lakes Maritime Academy (a division of Northwestern Michigan College) * California State University Maritime Academy (part of the California State University system) These merchant marine academies operate on a military college system. Part of the training that the cadets receive is naval and military in nature. Cadets may apply for Naval Reserve commissions upon obtaining their Merchant Marine Officer's licenses. Most if not all also offer some form of military commissioning program into the active duty US Navy, US Marine Corps, or US Coast Guard.

Staff colleges

The United States staff colleges, mandated to serve the needs of officers for post-graduate studies and other such graduate institutions as mandated by the Department of Defense are:

United States Air Force Air University attached staff colleges

* The Air University (United States), Air University in Maxwell AFB, Alabama, includes: ** Squadron Officer College and Squadron Officer School ** Air Command and Staff College ** Air War College

Staff colleges of the United States Army

* United States Army Command and General Staff College * United States Army School of Advanced Military Studies * United States Army War College

Staff colleges of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps

* Naval War College * Naval Postgraduate School * Marine Corps University

Joint Service staff colleges

* National Defense University in Washington, D.C., includes: ** Joint Forces Staff College (Norfolk, Virginia) ** National War College ** Dwight D. Eisenhower School for National Security and Resource Strategy * Defense Acquisition University

Other post-graduate colleges operated by the DoD

* National Intelligence University (military intelligence) * The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center and School (legal services training) * Air Force Judge Advocate General's School (legal services training) * Naval Justice School (legal services training)


* Academy of the Armed Forces of Uzbekistan (formerly the Tashkent Higher All-Arms Command School) * Joint Service Officer Training Academy * Tashkent Higher Tank Command School * Samarkand Higher Military Automobile Command School * Higher Military Customs Institute (Tashkent), Higher Military Customs Institute * Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Uzbekistan * Military-Technical Institute of the National Guard of Uzbekistan * Uzbekistan Air Academy


*National Defense Academy of Vietnam in Hanoi, Vietnam *Lê Quý Đôn Technical University in Hanoi, Vietnam *Vietnam Naval Academy in Nha Trang, Khánh Hòa Province, Vietnam


* Zimbabwe National Defence University

See also

*Military high school *List of fictional schools *List of government-run higher-level national military academies *Military building *Military education and training

Further reading

* Cadet, Linton Hall, ''Linton Hall Military School Memories: One cadet's memoir'', Scrounge Press, 2014. Memoir of cadet who attended a military school for boys ages 6 to 16.

External links

* *


{{Indian military academies and colleges Military academies, School types