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Sir Michael Philip Jagger (born 26 July 1943) is an English singer, songwriter, actor, and film producer who has achieved international fame as the lead vocalist and one of the founder members of
the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Active for almost six decades, they are one of the most popular and enduring bands of the rock era. In the early 1960s, the Rolling Stones pioneered the gritty ...

the Rolling Stones
. His songwriting partnership with
Keith Richards Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943), often referred to during the 1960s and 1970s as Keith Richard, is an English musician, singer, and songwriter, who has achieved international fame as the co-founder, guitarist, secondary vocalist, and co ...

Keith Richards
is one of the most successful in history. Jagger's career has spanned over six decades, and he has been described as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll". His distinctive voice and energetic live performances, along with Richards' guitar style, have been the Rolling Stones's trademark throughout the band's career. Jagger gained press notoriety for his romantic involvements and was often portrayed as a
countercultural A counterculture is a culture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, sometimes diametrically opposed to mainstream cultural mores.Eric Donald Hirsch. ''The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy''. Houg ...
figure. Jagger was born and grew up in
Dartford Dartford is the principal town in the Borough of Dartford The Borough of Dartford is a local government district in the north-west of the county of Kent Kent is a Counties of England, county in South East England and one of the home count ...
,
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived ...

Kent
. He studied at the
London School of Economics , mottoeng = To understand the causes of things , established = 1895 , type = Public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of s ...
before abandoning his studies to join the Rolling Stones. Jagger has written most of the Rolling Stones' songs together with Richards, and they continue to collaborate musically. In the late 1960s, Jagger starred in the films ''
Performance A performance is an act of staging or presenting a play, concert, or other form of entertainment. It is also defined as the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function. Management science In the work place, ...
'' (1970) and ''
Ned Kelly Edward "Ned" Kelly (December 1854 – 11 November 1880) was an Australian bushranger, outlaw, gang leader and convicted police-murderer. One of the last bushrangers, he is known for wearing a armour of the Kelly gang, suit of bulletproof armour ...
'' (1970) to a mixed reception. He began a solo career in 1985, releasing his first album, '' She's the Boss'' and joined the electric
supergroup Superdry plc (極度乾燥(しなさい) Superdry®︎) is a UK branded clothing company, and owner of the Superdry label. Superdry products combine vintage Americana styling with Japanese inspired graphics. It is listed on the London Stoc ...
SuperHeavy SuperHeavy were a one-off Supergroup (music), supergroup project consisting of Mick Jagger, Joss Stone, David A. Stewart, Dave Stewart, A. R. Rahman, and Damian Marley. Stone and Stewart have collaborated in the past with Jagger. Jagger said of ...
in 2009. Relationships with the Stones' members, particularly Richards, deteriorated during the 1980s, but Jagger has always found more success with the band than with his solo and side projects. Jagger has been married and divorced once, and has had several other relationships, resulting in eight children with five women. In 1989, Jagger was inducted into the
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (RRHOF), sometimes simply referred to as the Rock Hall, is a museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is an institution that Preservation (library and archival science), cares for (conserves) a ...

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
, and in 2004 into the UK Music Hall of Fame with the Rolling Stones. As a member of the Rolling Stones, and as a solo artist, he reached number one on the UK and US singles charts with 13 singles, the top 10 with 32 singles and the
top 40 In the music industry The music industry consists of the individuals and organizations that earn money by writing Writing is a medium of human communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language bel ...
with 70 singles. In 2003, he was
knighted A knight is a person granted an honorary title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In some ...
for his services to popular music.


Early life

Michael Philip Jagger was born into a
middle-class The middle class is a class Class or The Class may refer to: Common uses not otherwise categorized * Class (biology), a taxonomic rank * Class (knowledge representation), a collection of individuals or objects * Class (philosophy), an an ...
family in
Dartford Dartford is the principal town in the Borough of Dartford The Borough of Dartford is a local government district in the north-west of the county of Kent Kent is a Counties of England, county in South East England and one of the home count ...
,
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in certain modern nations. The term is derived ...

Kent
, on 26 July 1943. His father, Basil Fanshawe "Joe" Jagger (13 April 1913 – 11 November 2006), a former gymnast, was a physical education teacher who helped popularise basketball in Britain; his grandfather David Ernest Jagger was also a teacher. His mother, Eva Ensley Mary (''née'' Scutts; 6 April 1913 – 18 May 2000), born in
Sydney Sydney ( ; Dharug The Darug or Dharug people are an Aboriginal Australian people, who share strong ties of kinship and, in Colonial Australia, pre-colonial times, survived as skilled hunters in family groups or clans, scattered througho ...

Sydney
,
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
, of English descent, was a hairdresser and an active member of the
Conservative Party Conservative Party may refer to: Europe Current *Croatian Conservative Party, *Conservative Party (Czech Republic) *Conservative People's Party (Denmark) *Conservative Party of Georgia *Conservative Party (Norway) *Conservative Party (UK) Histor ...

Conservative Party
. Jagger's younger brother,
Chris Chris is a short form of various names including Christopher, Christian, Christina, Christine, and Christos. Chris is also used as a name in its own right, however it is not as common. People with the given name * Chris Abani (born 1966), ...
(born 19 December 1947), is also a musician. The two have performed together. Although brought up to follow his father's career path, Jagger said in ''According to the Rolling Stones''. "I always sang as a child. I was one of those kids who just ''liked'' to sing. Some kids sing in choirs; others like to show off in front of the mirror. I was in the church choir and I also loved listening to singers on the radio – the BBC or
Radio Luxembourg Radio Luxembourg was a multilingual commercial broadcaster in Luxembourg. It is known in most non-English languages as RTL (for Radio Television Luxembourg). The English-language service of Radio Luxembourg began in 1933 as one of the earliest ...
– or watching them on TV and in the movies." In September 1950,
Keith Richards Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943), often referred to during the 1960s and 1970s as Keith Richard, is an English musician, singer, and songwriter, who has achieved international fame as the co-founder, guitarist, secondary vocalist, and co ...

Keith Richards
and Jagger were classmates at Wentworth Primary School, Dartford, before the Jagger family's 1954 move to
Wilmington, Kent Wilmington is a village and Civil parishes in England, civil parish in the Borough of Dartford in Kent, England. It is located 2.7 miles south of Dartford, 3.5 miles north of Swanley and 4.3 miles south east of Bexleyheath, adjacent to the Kent bor ...
. The same year he passed the
eleven-plus The eleven-plus (11+) is an Test (assessment), examination administered to some students in England and Northern Ireland in their last year of primary education, which governs admission to grammar schools and other secondary schools which use aca ...
examination and attended
Dartford Grammar School Dartford Grammar School is a selective secondary (ages 11–18) foundation school for boys in Dartford, Kent, England, which admits girls to its sixth form (ages 16–18). All of the students joining the school are considered to be from the top ...

Dartford Grammar School
, which now has the Mick Jagger Centre, named after its most famous alumnus, installed within the school's site. Jagger and Richards lost contact with each other when they went to different schools, but after a chance encounter on platform two at Dartford railway station in July 1960, resumed their friendship and discovered their shared love of
rhythm and blues Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B or R'n'B, is a genre of popular music Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry. These forms and styles can be enjoyed and ...
, which for Jagger had begun with
Little Richard Richard Wayne Penniman (December 5, 1932 – May 9, 2020), better known as Little Richard, was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. He was an influential figure in popular music and culture for seven decades. Described as " the archite ...

Little Richard
. Jagger left school in 1961 after passing seven
O-levels The O Level (Ordinary Level; official title: General Certificate of Education: Ordinary Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education. It was introduced in place of the School Certificate (UK) ...
and two
A-levels#REDIRECT A-Level The A Level (Advanced Level) is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General Certificate of Education, as well as a school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the United Kingdom and the ...
. He and Richards moved into a flat in Edith Grove,
Chelsea Chelsea or Chelsey may refer to: Places Australia * Chelsea, Victoria Canada * Chelsea, Nova Scotia * Chelsea, Quebec United Kingdom * Chelsea, London, an affluent area of South West London, bounded to the south by the River Thames ** Chelsea ...
, London, with guitarist
Brian Jones Lewis Brian Hopkin Jones (28 February 1942 – 3 July 1969) was an English musician and composer, best known as the founder and original leader of the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English band formed in London in 1962. Act ...

Brian Jones
. While Richards and Jones planned to start their own rhythm and blues group,
Blues Incorporated Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated, or simply Blues Incorporated, were an English blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in ...
, Jagger continued to study finance and accounting on a government grant as an
undergraduate Undergraduate education ieducationconducted after secondary education and prior to postgraduate education. It typically includes all postsecondary programs up to the level of a bachelor's degree. For example, in the United States, an entry-level ...
student at the
London School of Economics , mottoeng = To understand the causes of things , established = 1895 , type = Public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of s ...
. He had seriously considered becoming either a journalist or a politician, comparing the latter to a pop star. Brian Jones, using the name Elmo Lewis, began working at the Ealing Club – where a "loosely knit version" of Blues Incorporated began with Richards. Jagger began to jam with the group, eventually becoming the featured singer. Soon, Richards, Jones, and Jagger practised on their own, laying the foundation for what would become the Rolling Stones.


The Rolling Stones


1960s

In their earliest days, the Rolling Stones played for no money in the interval of
Alexis Korner Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner (19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984), known professionally as Alexis Korner, was a British blues Blues is a music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belo ...
's gigs at a basement club opposite London's
Ealing Broadway Ealing () is a district in West London West London is a popularly, but informally and inexactly defined part of London, England. The area lies north of the River Thames and extends from its historic and commercial core of Westminster and th ...

Ealing Broadway
tube station (subsequently called "Ferry's" club). The group had very little equipment and borrowed Korner's gear to play. The group's first appearance, under the name the Rollin' Stones (after one of their favourite
Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfield (April 4, 1913April 30, 1983), known professionally as Muddy Waters, was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by Afric ...

Muddy Waters
tunes), was at the
Marquee Club The Marquee Club was a music venue A music venue is any location used for a concert or musical performance. Music venues range in size and location, from a small coffeehouse 200px, Coffeehouse in San Francisco A coffeehouse, cof ...
, a London jazz club, on 12 July 1962. They would later change their name to "the Rolling Stones" as it seemed more formal. Writer
Victor Bockris Victor Bockris (born 1949) is an English-born, U.S.-based author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information Information can be thought of as the resoluti ...
says the band members included Jagger, Keith Richards,
Brian Jones Lewis Brian Hopkin Jones (28 February 1942 – 3 July 1969) was an English musician and composer, best known as the founder and original leader of the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English band formed in London in 1962. Act ...

Brian Jones
, Ian Stewart on piano,
Dick Taylor Richard Clifford Taylor (born 28 January 1943) is an English musician, best known as the guitarist and founding member of the Pretty Things. Taylor was an early bassist for the Rolling Stones, but left the band to resume his studies at Sidcup ...

Dick Taylor
on bass and
Tony Chapman Anthony Chapman is a British drummer thumbnail, Turkmenistan Independence Day, 2011 A drummer is a percussionist who creates music using drum The drum is a member of the percussion instrument, percussion group of musical instrume ...
on drums. However, Richards says in his memoir ''
Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities A bubble of exhaled gas in water In common usage and classical mechanics, a physical object or physical body (or simply an object or body) is a collection of matter within a ...
'' that "The drummer that night was
Mick Avory Michael Charles Avory (born 15 February 1944) is an English musician, best known as the longtime drummer and percussionist for the English rock band the Kinks The Kinks were an English rock music, rock band formed in Muswell Hill, north Londo ...
–not Tony Chapman, as history has mysteriously handed it down..." By autumn 1963, Jagger had left the London School of Economics to pursue his promising musical career with the Rolling Stones. The group played songs by American rhythm and blues artists like
Chuck Berry Charles Edward Anderson Berry (October 18, 1926 – March 18, 2017) was an American singer, songwriter and guitarist who pioneered rock and roll Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll, rock 'n' roll, or rock 'n roll) is a genre ...

Chuck Berry
and
Bo Diddley Ellas McDaniel (born Ellas Otha Bates; December 30, 1928 – June 2, 2008), known as Bo Diddley, was an American singer, guitarist, songwriter and music producer who played a key role in the transition from the blues Blues is a music genre ...

Bo Diddley
, but strongly encouraged by manager
Andrew Loog Oldham Andrew Loog Oldham (born 29 January 1944) is an English record producer, talent manager, impresario An impresario (from the Italian ''impresa'', "an enterprise or undertaking") is a person who organizes and often finances concerts, plays, ...
, Jagger and Richards soon began to write songs. Their songwriting partnership took some time to develop; one of their early compositions was " As Tears Go By", a song written for
Marianne Faithfull Marianne Evelyn Gabriel Faithfull (born 29 December 1946) is an English singer and actress. She achieved popularity in the 1960s with the release of her hit single " As Tears Go By" and became one of the lead female artists during the British In ...
, a young singer Loog Oldham was promoting. For the Rolling Stones, the duo would write " The Last Time", the group's third number one single in the UK (their first two UK number one hits being remakes of songs that had been recorded by other artists " It's All Over Now" by
Bobby Womack Robert Dwayne Womack (; March 4, 1944 – June 27, 2014) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, and record producer. Starting in the early 1950s as the lead singer of his family musical group the Valentinos and as Sam Cooke's backing guit ...

Bobby Womack
and "
Little Red Rooster "Little Red Rooster" (or "The Red Rooster" as it was first titled) is a blues standard credited to arranger and songwriter Willie Dixon. The song was first recorded in 1961 by American blues musician Howlin' Wolf in the Chicago blues style. His v ...
" by
Willie Dixon William James Dixon (July 1, 1915January 29, 1992) was an American blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-er ...

Willie Dixon
) based on "This May Be the Last Time", a traditional
Negro spiritual Spirituals (also known as Negro spirituals, Spiritual music, or African-American spirituals) is a genre of music that is "purely and solely the creation" of generations of African Americans, which merged African cultural heritage with the experi ...
song recorded by the
Staple Singers The Staple Singers were an American Gospel music, gospel, soul music, soul, and R&B singing group. Pops Staples, Roebuck "Pops" Staples (December 28, 1914 – December 19, 2000), the patriarch of the family, formed the group with his children Cleo ...
in 1955. Jagger and Richards also wrote their first international hit, "
(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" is a song recorded by the English rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the mine ...
". It established the Rolling Stones' image as defiant troublemakers in contrast to the Beatles as "lovable moptop . Jagger told
Stephen Schiff {{Infobox person , name = Stephen Schiff , image = , image_size = , alt = , caption = , birth_name = , birth_date = , birth_place = Detroit, Michigan, ...
in a 1992 '' Vanity Fair'' profile:
I wasn't trying to be rebellious in those days; I was just being me. I wasn't trying to push the edge of anything. I'm being me and ordinary, the guy from suburbia who sings in this band, but someone older might have thought it was just the most awful racket, the most terrible thing, and where are we going if this is music?... But all those songs we sang were pretty tame, really. People didn't think they were, but I thought they were tame.
The group released several successful albums, including ''
Out of Our Heads ''Out of Our Heads'' is the 3rd British and 4th American studio album packaged in book form, like a photograph album A photographic album or photo album, is a series of photographic prints collected by an individual person or family in ...
'', ''
Aftermath Aftermath may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * Aftermath (1990 film), ''Aftermath'' (1990 film) or ''Crash: The Mystery of Flight 1501'', a television movie starring Cheryl Ladd * Aftermath (1994 film), ''Aftermath'' (1994 film), a ...
'', and ''
Between the Buttons ''Between the Buttons'' is the fifth British and seventh American studio album packaged in book form, like a photograph album An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), Phonograph record, vin ...
''. In their personal lives, their behaviour was questioned. In 1967, Jagger and Richards were arrested on drug charges and were given unusually harsh sentences. Jagger was sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four over-the-counter pep pills he had purchased in Italy and Richards was sentenced to one year in prison for allowing cannabis to be smoked on his property. The traditionally conservative editor of ''
The Times ''The Times'' is a British Newspaper#Daily, daily Newspaper#National, national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title ''The Daily Universal Register'', adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. ''The Times'' and its s ...
'',
William Rees-Mogg William Rees-Mogg, Baron Rees-Mogg (14 July 192829 December 2012) was a British newspaper journalist who was Editor of ''The Times'' from 1967 to 1981. In the late 1970s, he served as High Sheriff of Somerset, and in the 1980s was Chairman of the ...
, wrote an article critical of the sentences; and on appeal, Richards' sentence was overturned and Jagger's was amended to a
conditional discharge A discharge is a type of sentence (law), sentence imposed by a court whereby no punishment is imposed. An absolute discharge is an unconditional discharge whereby the court finds that a crime has technically been committed but that any punishment ...
(although he ended up spending one night in London's
Brixton Prison HM Prison Brixton is a local men's prison A prison (also known as a jail or gaol (dated, British, Australian, and to a lesser extent Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This con ...
). The Rolling Stones continued to face legal battles for the next decade. By the release of the Stones' album ''Beggars Banquet'', Brian Jones was contributing only sporadically to the band. Jagger said Jones was "not psychologically suited to this way of life". His drug use had become a hindrance, and he could not obtain a US
visa Visa most commonly refers to: *Visa Inc., a US multinational financial and payment cards company ** Visa Debit card issued by the above company ** Visa Electron, a debit card ** Visa Plus, an interbank network *Travel visa, a document that allows e ...
. Richards reported that in a June meeting with Jagger, Richards and Watts at Jones' house, Jones admitted he was unable to "go on the road again", and left the band, saying "I've left, and if I want to I can come back". On 3 July 1969, less than a month later, Jones drowned under mysterious circumstances in the swimming pool at his home,
Cotchford Farm Cotchford Farm is a farmhouse building to the southwest of the village of Hartfield Hartfield is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial desi ...
, in
Hartfield Hartfield is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District, Wealden district of East Sussex, England. The parish also includes the settlements of Colemans Hatch, Hammerwood and Holtye, all lying on the northern edge of Ashdown Forest. Geo ...
, East Sussex. On 5 July 1969, two days after Jones' death, the Rolling Stones played a previously scheduled show at
Hyde Park Hyde Park may refer to: Places In England * Hyde Park, London, a Royal Park in Central London * Hyde Park, Leeds, an inner-city area of north-west Leeds * Hyde Park, Sheffield, district of Sheffield * Hyde Park, in Hyde, Greater Manchester * Hyde ...

Hyde Park
, dedicating it as a tribute to him. In front of an estimated 250,000 fans, the Stones performed their first gig with their new guitarist,
Mick Taylor Michael Kevin Taylor (born 17 January 1949) is an English musician, best known as a former member of John Mayall's Bluesbreakers John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers are an English blues rock band led by singer, songwriter, and multi-instrument ...

Mick Taylor
. At the beginning of the show, Jagger read an excerpt from Shelley's poem '' Adonaïs'', an elegy written on the death of his friend
John Keats John Keats (31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821) was an English poet prominent in the second generation of Romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18t ...

John Keats
, after which they released thousands of butterflies in Jones' memory before starting the show with a song by
Johnny Winter John Dawson Winter III (February 23, 1944 – July 16, 2014) was an American singer and guitarist. Winter was known for his high-energy blues rock albums and live performances in the late 1960s and 1970s. He also produced three Grammy Award–w ...

Johnny Winter
, "I'm Yours and I'm Hers". During the concert, they included two never before heard songs from two forthcoming albums, "
Midnight Rambler "Midnight Rambler" is a song by the English rock band the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop rock of the early-1960s, the Rolling Stones pioneered ...
", "
Love in Vain "Love in Vain" (originally "Love in Vain Blues") is a blues Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in Plantation-era songs, African ...
" from ''
Let It Bleed ''Let It Bleed'' is the 8th British and 10th American studio album by the English rock band the Rolling Stones, released on 5 December 1969 by Decca Records in the United Kingdom and London Records in the United States. Released shortly after th ...
'', released in December 1969, and "
Loving Cup A loving cup is a shared drinking container traditionally used at weddings and banquets. It usually has two handles and is often made of silver. Loving cups are often given as trophies A trophy is a tangible, durable reminder of a specific ac ...
", which appeared on '' Exile on Main St.'', released May 1972. The band also played "
Honky Tonk Women "Honky Tonk Women" is a 1969 hit song by the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop rock of the early-1960s, the Rolling Stones pioneered the gri ...
", released the previous day.


1970s

In 1970, Jagger bought
Stargroves Stargroves (also known as Stargrove House) is a manor house and associated estate at East Woodhay in the English county of Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the English ...
, a manor house and estate near East Woodhay in
Hampshire Hampshire (, ; abbreviated to Hants) is a Counties of England, county in South East England on the coast of the English Channel. The county town is Winchester, but the county is named after Southampton. Its two largest cities are Southampton a ...

Hampshire
. The Rolling Stones and several other bands recorded there using the
Rolling Stones Mobile Studio The Rolling Stones Mobile Studio is a mobile recording studio once owned by the English rock band The Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop rock ...
. 1970 saw the cinematic release of Nicolas Roeg's controversial film ''
Performance A performance is an act of staging or presenting a play, concert, or other form of entertainment. It is also defined as the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function. Management science In the work place, ...
'', produced in 1968, featuring Jagger as a reclusive rock star, Turner. Keith Richard's girlfriend
Anita Pallenberg Anita Pallenberg (6 April 1942 – 13 June 2017) was a German-Italian actress, artist, and model. A style icon and " It Girl" of the 1960s and 1970s, Pallenberg was credited as the muse of the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an E ...
also appears in the film. Jagger and the rest of the band moved to the
south of France Southern France, also known as the South of France or colloquially in French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, Répub ...

south of France
as tax exiles in 1971 to avoid paying a 93 percent supertax imposed by
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
Harold Wilson James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was a British politician who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom The prime minister of the United Kingdom is the head of government The hea ...

Harold Wilson
's
Labour Labour or labor may refer to: * Childbirth Childbirth, also known as labour or delivery, is the ending of pregnancy where one or more babies leaves the uterus by passing through the vagina or by Caesarean section. In 2015, there were about 13 ...
government on the county's top earners. Along with the rest of the band, Jagger changed his look and style as the 1970s progressed. There, he learned to play guitar and contributed guitar parts for songs on ''
Sticky Fingers ''Sticky Fingers'' is the ninth British and eleventh American studio album by the English rock band the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop ro ...
'' (1971) and the Stones' subsequent albums except '' Dirty Work'' in 1986. For the Rolling Stones' highly publicised 1972 American tour, Jagger wore glam-rock clothing and glitter makeup on stage. Jagger was the principal creative force behind the band's venture into
disco Disco is a genre Genre () is any form or type of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally s ...

disco
and
punk Punk or punks may refer to: Genres, subculture, and related aspects * Punk rock Punk rock (or simply punk) is a music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music Music is the art of arrangin ...
on their album, ''
Some Girls ''Some Girls'' is the 14th British and 16th American studio album by the English rock band the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop rock of the e ...
'' (1978). However, their interest in the blues had been made manifest on the 1972 album ''Exile on Main St.''. Music critic Russell Hall has described Jagger's emotional singing on the gospel-influenced " Let It Loose", from ''Exile'' as the singer's finest-ever vocal achievement. After the band's acrimonious split with their second manager,
Allen Klein Allen Klein (December 18, 1931 July 4, 2009) was an American businessman, music publisher, writers' representative and record label executive. He was known for his tough persona and aggressive negotiation tactics, many of which affected industr ...
, in 1971, Jagger took control of their business affairs after speaking with an up-and-coming frontman, J. B. Silver, and has managed them ever since in collaboration with his friend and colleague, Prince Rupert Loewenstein. Mick Taylor, Jones' replacement, left the band in December 1974 and Faces (band), Faces guitarist Ronnie Wood replaced him in 1975. He has functioned as a mediator within the group, and between Jagger and Richards in particular. In 1972, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts and Bill Wyman with Nicky Hopkins and Ry Cooder, released the album ''Jamming with Edward!'', which was recorded during the ''
Let It Bleed ''Let It Bleed'' is the 8th British and 10th American studio album by the English rock band the Rolling Stones, released on 5 December 1969 by Decca Records in the United Kingdom and London Records in the United States. Released shortly after th ...
'' sessions at London's Olympic Studios. The album includes loose jams while the rest of the Stones (reportedly) were waiting for Keith Richards to return to the studio having left because of an issue over Cooder's supporting guitar role.


1980s

While continuing to tour and release albums with the Rolling Stones, Jagger began a solo career. According to ''Rolling Stone'', he did so to "establish an artistic identity for himself apart from the Rolling Stones"...his "boldest attempt yet". Jagger started writing and recording material for his first solo album '' She's the Boss''. Released on 19 February 1985, the album, produced by Nile Rodgers and Bill Laswell, features Herbie Hancock, Jeff Beck, Jan Hammer, Pete Townshend and the Compass Point All Stars. It sold well, and the single "Just Another Night" was a Top Ten hit. During this period, he collaborated with the Jacksons on the song "State of Shock (song), State of Shock", sharing lead vocals with Michael Jackson. Jagger performed without the Stones for the Live Aid multi-venue charity concert in 1985. He performed at Philadelphia's JFK Stadium, including a duet with Tina Turner of "It's Only Rock and Roll" (which was highlighted by Jagger tearing away Turner's skirt) and a cover of "Dancing in the Street" with David Bowie, who was performing at Wembley Stadium (1923), Wembley Stadium, London. The video was shown simultaneously on the screens of both Wembley and JFK Stadiums. The song reached number one in the UK the same year. The Stones released '' Dirty Work'' in March 1986, but Jagger refused to tour to support it. Richards referred to this period as "World War Three", saying if Jagger toured without the Stones, it would be a "death sentence". For his part, Jagger claimed:
I think that one ought to be allowed to have one’s artistic side apart from just being in the Rolling Stones. I love the Rolling Stones — I think it’s wonderful, I think it’s done a lot of wonderful things for music. But, you know, it cannot be, at my age and after spending all these years, the only thing in my life.
He released his second solo album, ''Primitive Cool'', in 1987. While it failed to match the commercial success of his debut, it was critically well received. Richards released his first solo album, ''Talk is Cheap'', shortly afterwards. Many felt this marked the Stone's obituary. Jagger produced the songs "Glamour Boys" and "Which Way to America" on Living Colour's album ''Vivid (Living Colour album), Vivid'' in 1988. Between 15 and 28 March, he did a solo concert tour in Japan (Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka). Jagger and Richards reunited in the Barbados in 1988 and produced dozens of songs. Richards recalls:
We just started in. And within two days, we realized we had five or six songs happening. I did have to take Mick to a few discos -- which are not my favorite places in the world -- because Mick likes to go out and dance at night. So I did that. That was my sacrifice. I humored him. And that's when I knew we could work together.
Ron Wood believes the modest sales of Jagger's ''Primitive Cool'' "surprised" Mick and made him "realize the strength of the band". Richards recalled: "We've been stuffed together for years and one of the consequences of the break was making us realize we were stuck together whether we liked it or not. Jagger agreed, saying: "Because we've been doing it for so long, we don't really have to discuss it. When we come up with a lick or a riff or a chorus, we already know if it's right or if it's wrong." On 29 August 1989 this work was revealed on the band's 21st U.S. album ''Steel Wheels''.


1990s

Following the success of ''Steel Wheels'', and the end of Jagger and Richards' well-publicised feud, Jagger attempted to re-establish himself as a solo artist. He acquired Rick Rubin as co-producer in January 1992 for what would become his third solo album, ''Wandering Spirit (album), Wandering Spirit''. Sessions for the album began the same month in Los Angeles ending in September 1992. Richards was making his second solo studio album, ''Main Offender'' at the same time. On ''Wandering Spirit'', Jagger kept celebrity guests to a minimum, having only Lenny Kravitz as a vocalist on his cover of Bill Withers' "Use Me (Bill Withers song), Use Me" and bassist Flea (musician), Flea from Red Hot Chili Peppers on three separate tracks. Jagger signed with Atlantic Records to distribute the record (which had signed the Stones in the 1970s). ''Wandering Spirit'' was his only solo release with the label, with the exception of ''The Very Best of Mick Jagger''—a compilation album containing no new material."Mick Jagger – UK Charts"
. Official Charts Company.
Released in February 1993, ''Wandering Spirit'' was commercially successful, reaching number 12 in the UK and number 11 in the US.


2000s

In 2001, Jagger released his fourth solo album, ''Goddess in the Doorway,'' spawning the single "Visions of Paradise", which reached number 43 for one week. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, 11 September attacks, Jagger joined Keith Richards in the Concert for New York City, a benefit concert in response to the terrorist attack, to sing "Salt of the Earth (song), Salt of the Earth" and "Miss You (The Rolling Stones song), Miss You". According to Fortune (magazine), ''Fortune'', from 1989 to 2001, the Stones generated more than US$1.5 billion in total gross revenue, exceeding that of U2, Bruce Springsteen, or Michael Jackson. Jagger celebrated the Rolling Stones' 40th anniversary by touring with the band on the year-long Licks Tour, supporting their commercially successful career retrospective ''Forty Licks'' double album. In 2007, the band grossed US$437 million on their A Bigger Bang (concert tour), A Bigger Bang Tour, which earned them an entry in the 2007 edition of ''Guinness World Records'' for the most lucrative music tour. When asked if the band would retire after the tour, Jagger said "I'm sure the Rolling Stones will do more things and more records and more tours. We've got no plans to stop any of that really." Two years later in October 2009, Jagger joined U2 on stage to perform "Gimme Shelter" (with Fergie (singer), Fergie and will.i.am) and "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of" with U2 at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame#25th anniversary concert, 25th Anniversary Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Concert.


2010s

On 20 May 2011, Jagger announced the formation of a new supergroup (music), supergroup,
SuperHeavy SuperHeavy were a one-off Supergroup (music), supergroup project consisting of Mick Jagger, Joss Stone, David A. Stewart, Dave Stewart, A. R. Rahman, and Damian Marley. Stone and Stewart have collaborated in the past with Jagger. Jagger said of ...
, which included David A. Stewart, Dave Stewart, Joss Stone, Damian Marley and A.R. Rahman. The group started with a phone call Jagger received from Stewart. Stewart had heard three sound systems playing different music at the same time in his home in Saint Ann's Bay, Jamaica, St Ann's Bay, Jamaica. This gave him the idea of creating a group with Jagger, fusing the musical styles of various artists. After multiple phone calls and deliberation, the other members of the group were decided upon. SuperHeavy released one album and two singles in 2011, reportedly recording 29 songs in ten days. Jagger is featured on will.i.am's 2011 single "T.H.E. (The Hardest Ever)" along with Jennifer Lopez, officially released to iTunes on 4 February 2012. On 21 February 2012, Jagger, B.B. King, Buddy Guy and Jeff Beck, and a blues ensemble, performed at the White House concert series before President Barack Obama. When Jagger held out a mic to him, Obama twice sang the line "Come on, baby don't you want to go" of the blues cover "Sweet Home Chicago," the blues anthem of Obama's hometown. Jagger hosted the season finale of ''Saturday Night Live'' on 19 and 20 May 2012, doing several comic skits and playing some Rolling Stones' hits with Arcade Fire, Foo Fighters and Jeff Beck. Jagger performed in 12-12-12: The Concert for Sandy Relief with the Rolling Stones on 12 December 2012. The Stones finally played the Glastonbury festival in 2013, headlining on Saturday, 29 June. This was followed by two concerts in London's
Hyde Park Hyde Park may refer to: Places In England * Hyde Park, London, a Royal Park in Central London * Hyde Park, Leeds, an inner-city area of north-west Leeds * Hyde Park, Sheffield, district of Sheffield * Hyde Park, in Hyde, Greater Manchester * Hyde ...

Hyde Park
as part of their 50th anniversary celebrations, their first in the Park since their famous Stones in the Park, 1969 performance. In 2013, Jagger teamed up with his brother Chris Jagger for two new duets on his album ''Concertina Jack,'' released to mark the 40th anniversary of his debut album. In July 2017, Jagger released the double A-sided single Gotta Get a Grip (Mick Jagger song), "Gotta Get a Grip" / "England Lost". They were released as a response to the "anxiety, unknowability of the changing political situation" in a Aftermath of the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, post-Brexit UK, according to Jagger. Accompanying music videos were released for both songs. In March 2019, a Rolling Stones tour of the U.S. and Canada from April to June, had to be postponed as Jagger needed medical treatment for a then undisclosed condition, which was later revealed to be a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) procedure. On 4 April 2019, it was announced that Jagger had successfully undergone the procedure at NewYork–Presbyterian Hospital, and was in great health. After a six-week delay while Jagger recovered, the No Filter Tour resumed with two performances at Chicago's Soldier Field.


Relationship with Keith Richards

His songwriting partnership with
Keith Richards Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943), often referred to during the 1960s and 1970s as Keith Richard, is an English musician, singer, and songwriter, who has achieved international fame as the co-founder, guitarist, secondary vocalist, and co ...

Keith Richards
is one of the most successful in history. However, his relationship with Richards is frequently described as "Love–hate relationship, love/hate" by the media. Richards said in a 1998 interview: "I think of our differences as a family squabble. If I shout and scream at him, it's because no one else has the guts to do it or else they're paid not to do it. At the same time I'd hope Mick realises that I'm a friend who is just trying to bring him into line and do what needs to be done." The Rolling Stones album ''Dirty Work (The Rolling Stones album), Dirty Work'' (UK & US number four) was released in March 1986 to mixed reviews, despite the US top five hit "Harlem Shuffle". With relations between Richards and Jagger at a low, Jagger refused to tour to promote the album, and instead undertook his own solo tour, which included Rolling Stones' songs. Richards has referred to this period in his relations with Jagger as "World War III". As a result of the animosity within the band at this time, they almost broke up. Jagger's solo records, '' She's the Boss'' (UK number 6; US number 13) (1985) and ''Primitive Cool'' (UK number 26; US number 41) (1987), met with moderate success, and in 1988, with the Rolling Stones mostly inactive, Richards released his first solo album, ''Talk Is Cheap'' (UK number 37; US number 24). It was well received by fans and critics, going gold in the US. The following year ''25×5: the Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones'', a documentary spanning the career of the band was released for their 25th anniversary. Richards' autobiography, ''
Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities A bubble of exhaled gas in water In common usage and classical mechanics, a physical object or physical body (or simply an object or body) is a collection of matter within a ...
'', was published on 26 October 2010. According to a 15 October 2010 article, Richards described Jagger as "unbearable", noting that their relationship had been strained "for decades". By 2015, Richards' opinion had softened. While calling Jagger a "snob" he added "I still love him dearly ... your friends don't have to be perfect."


Acting and film production

Jagger has had an intermittent acting career. His most significant role was in Donald Cammell and Nicolas Roeg's ''
Performance A performance is an act of staging or presenting a play, concert, or other form of entertainment. It is also defined as the action or process of carrying out or accomplishing an action, task, or function. Management science In the work place, ...
'' (1968), and as Australian bushranger Ned Kelly in the Ned Kelly (1970 film), film of the same name (1970). He composed an improvised soundtrack for Kenneth Anger's film ''Invocation of My Demon Brother'' on the Moog synthesiser in 1969. Jagger auditioned for the role of Dr. Frank N. Furter in The Rocky Horror Picture Show, the 1975 film adaptation of ''The Rocky Horror Show'', a role that was eventually played by Tim Curry, the original performer from its theatrical run in London's West End theatre, West End. Director Alejandro Jodorowsky approached him in the same year to play the role of Feyd-Rautha in his proposed adaptation of Frank Herbert's ''Dune (novel), Dune'', but the movie never made it to the screen. Jagger appeared as himself in the Rutles' film ''All You Need Is Cash'' (1978) and was cast as Wilbur, a main character in Werner Herzog's ''Fitzcarraldo'', in the late 1970s. However, the illness of principal actor Jason Robards (later replaced by Klaus Kinski), and a delay in the film's notoriously difficult production, resulted in him being unable to continue because schedule conflicts with a Stones' tour; some footage of Jagger's work is shown in the documentaries ''Burden of Dreams'' and ''My Best Fiend''. Jagger developed a reputation for playing the heavy later in his acting career in films including ''Freejack'' (1992), ''Bent (1997 film), Bent'' (1997), and ''The Man From Elysian Fields'' (2002). In 1995, Jagger founded Jagged Films with Victoria Pearman. Jagged Films' first release was the World War II drama ''Enigma (2001 film), Enigma'' (2001), starring Kate Winslet as one of Bletchley Park's Enigma machine, Enigma codebreakers. That same year, Jagged Films produced a documentary about Jagger entitled ''Being Mick''. The programme, which first aired in the US on American Broadcasting Company, ABC on 22 November, coincided with the release of his fourth solo album, ''Goddess in the Doorway.'' In 2008 the company began work on The Women (2008 film), ''The Women'', an adaptation of the George Cukor's The Women (1939 film), film of the same name, directed by Diane English. As a member of The Rolling Stones Jagger appears in numerous documentaries, including ''Gimme Shelter (1970 film), Gimme Shelter'', filmed during the band's 1969 tour of the US, and ''Sympathy for the Devil (1968 film), Sympathy for the Devil'' (1968) directed by French New Wave director Jean-Luc Godard. Martin Scorsese worked with Jagger on ''Shine a Light (film), Shine a Light'', a documentary film featuring the band with footage from the A Bigger Bang Tour during two nights of performances at New York's Beacon Theatre (New York City), Beacon Theatre. It screened in Berlin in February 2008. McCarthy predicted the film would fare better once released to video than in its limited theatrical runs. (Unnecessary detail imo) Jagger was a co-producer of, and guest-starred in the first episode of the short-lived American comedy television series ''The Knights of Prosperity''. He also co-produced the James Brown biopic ''Get On Up (film), Get On Up'' (2014). Alongside Martin Scorsese, Rich Cohen and Terence Winter, Jagger co-created and executive produced the period drama series ''Vinyl (TV series), Vinyl'' (2016), which starred Bobby Cannavale and aired for one season on HBO before its cancellation. Keith Richards and Johnny Depp tried unsuccessfully to persuade Jagger to appear with them in ''Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides'' (2011). Jagger portrays an English art dealer-collector and patron in Giuseppe Capotondi's thriller ''The Burnt Orange Heresy'' (2020).


Personal life


Relationships

Jagger has been married and divorced once, and has had other relationships. Jagger dated Chrissie Shrimpton between 1963 and 1966. From 1966 to 1970, he had a relationship with
Marianne Faithfull Marianne Evelyn Gabriel Faithfull (born 29 December 1946) is an English singer and actress. She achieved popularity in the 1960s with the release of her hit single " As Tears Go By" and became one of the lead female artists during the British In ...
, the English singer-songwriter/actress with whom he wrote "Sister Morphine," a song on the Rolling Stones' 1971 album ''
Sticky Fingers ''Sticky Fingers'' is the ninth British and eleventh American studio album by the English rock band the Rolling Stones The Rolling Stones are an English Rock music, rock band formed in London in 1962. Diverging from the popular pop ro ...
''. He pursued a relationship with Marsha Hunt (actress, born 1946), Marsha Hunt from 1969 to 1970. Jagger met the American singer and, though Hunt was married, the pair began a relationship in 1969.Ann Kolson, "Marsha Hunt's Life is Filled with 'Joy': The Irrepressible Performer has Mick Jagger in her past, old ties to Philadelphia, and a New Book", ''Philadelphia Inquirer'', 16 February 1991. The relationship ended in June 1970, when Hunt was pregnant with Jagger's first child, Karis Hunt Jagger, born on 4 November 1970. Hunt is the inspiration for the song "Brown Sugar (The Rolling Stones song), Brown Sugar", also from ''Sticky Fingers''. In 1970, he met Nicaraguan-born Bianca Jagger, Bianca Pérez-Mora Macias. They married on 12 May 1971 in a Catholic ceremony in Saint-Tropez, France. Their daughter, Jade Jagger, Jade Sheena Jezebel Jagger, was born on 21 October 1971. They separated in 1977, and in May 1978 she filed for divorce on the grounds of his adultery. During his marriage to Pérez-Mora Macias, Jagger had an affair with then-''Playboy'' model Bebe Buell from 1974 to 1976. In late 1977, Jagger began dating American model Jerry Hall. They had an unofficial private marriage ceremony in Bali, Indonesia, on 21 November 1990, and lived at Downe House, Richmond Hill, Downe House in Richmond, London, Richmond, London. The couple had four children: Elizabeth Jagger, Elizabeth 'Lizzie' Scarlett Jagger (born 2 March 1984), James Leroy Augustin Jagger (born 28 August 1985), Georgia May Jagger, Georgia May Ayeesha Jagger (born 12 January 1992), and Gabriel Luke Beauregard Jagger (born 9 December 1997). During his relationship with Hall, Jagger had a 1991 to 1994 affair with Italian singer/model Carla Bruni, who later became the First Lady of France when she married then-President of France Nicolas Sarkozy in 2008. Jagger's relationship with Hall ended after she discovered that he had had an affair with Brazilian model Luciana Gimenez, who gave birth to Jagger's seventh child, Lucas Maurice Morad Jagger, on 18 May 1999. Jagger's unofficial marriage to Hall was Matrimonial Causes Act 1973, declared invalid, unlawful, and null and void by the High Court of England and Wales in London in 1999. Jagger's subsequent relationship was 2000 to 2001 with the English model Sophie Dahl. Jagger was in a relationship with fashion designer L'Wren Scott from 2001 until her suicide in 2014. She left her entire estate, estimated at US$9 million, to him. Jagger set up the L'Wren Scott scholarship at London's Central Saint Martins College. Since Scott died in 2014, Jagger has been in a relationship with American ballet dancer Melanie Hamrick. Jagger was 73 when Hamrick gave birth to their son Deveraux Octavian Basil Jagger on 8 December 2016.


Family

Jagger's father, Basil "Joe" Jagger, died of pneumonia on 11 November 2006 at age 93. Although the Rolling Stones were on the A Bigger Bang (concert tour), A Bigger Bang tour, Jagger flew to Britain to see his father before returning the same day to Las Vegas, where he was to perform that night, after being informed his father's condition was improving. The show went ahead as scheduled, despite Jagger learning of his father's death that afternoon. Jagger's friends said that the show going on was "what Joe would have wanted". Jagger called his father the "greatest influence" in his life.


Interests and philanthropy

Jagger is a supporter of music in schools, a patron of The Mick Jagger Centre in Dartford, and sponsors music through his Red Rooster Programme in its local schools. The Red Rooster name is taken from the title of Little Red Rooster, one of the Rolling Stones' earliest singles. An avid cricket fan, Jagger founded Jagged Internetworks to cover the sport. He keenly follows the England national football team, and has regularly attended FIFA World Cup games.


Honours

Jagger was honoured with a Knight Bachelor, knighthood for services to popular music in the 2002 Birthday Honours#Knights Bachelor, Queen's 2002 Birthday Honours, and on 12 December 2003 he received the accolade from Charles, Prince of Wales, The Prince of Wales. Jagger's father and daughters Karis and Elizabeth were in attendance. Jagger stated that while the award did not have significant meaning for him, he was "touched" by the significance that it held for his father, saying that his father "was very proud". In 2014, the Jaggermeryx, ''Jaggermeryx naida'' ("Jagger's water nymph"), a 19-million-year-old species of 'long-legged pig', was named after Jagger. Jaw fragments of the long-extinct anthracotheres were discovered in Egypt. The trilobite species Aegrotocatellus, ''Aegrotocatellus jaggeri'' was also named after Jagger.


In popular culture

From the time that the Rolling Stones developed their anti-establishment image in the mid-1960s, Jagger, with Richards, has been an enduring icon of the counterculture. This was enhanced by his drug-related arrests, sexually charged on-stage antics, provocative song lyrics, and his role in ''Performance''. One of his biographers, Christopher Andersen, describes him as "one of the dominant cultural figures of our time," adding that Jagger was "the story of a generation". Jagger, who at the time described himself as an Anarchism, anarchist and espoused the leftist slogans of the era, took part in a demonstration against the Vietnam War outside the Embassy of the United States, London, US Embassy in London in 1968. This event inspired him to write "Street Fighting Man" that same year. In 1967, Cecil Beaton photographed Jagger's naked buttocks, a photo that sold at Sotheby's auction house in 1986 for $4,000. Jagger was reported to be a contender for the anonymous subject of Carly Simon's 1973 hit song "You're So Vain", on which he sings backing vocals.Pop artist Andy Warhol painted a series of silkscreen portraits of Jagger in 1975, one of which was owned by Farah Diba, wife of the Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran. It hung on a wall inside the royal palace in Tehran. In 2010, a retrospective exhibition of portraits of Jagger was presented at the festival Rencontres d'Arles, in France. The catalogue of the exhibition is the first photo album of Jagger and shows his evolution over 50 years. Maroon 5's song "Moves like Jagger" is about Jagger, who acknowledged the song in an interview, calling the concept "very flattering". Kesha's song "Tik Tok (song), Tik Tok", the Black Eyed Peas' hit "The Time (Dirty Bit)" reference Jagger, and his vocal delivery is referenced by rapper Ghostface Killah in his song "The Champ", from his 2006 album ''Fishscale'', which was later referenced by Kanye West in the 2008 T.I. and Jay-Z single "Swagga Like Us". On television, the ITV (TV network), ITV satirical puppet show ''Spitting Image'' caricaturised Jagger as perpetually high throughout its run in the 1980s and 1990s. In 1998, the MTV animated show ''Celebrity Deathmatch'' had a clay-animated fight to the death between Jagger and Aerosmith lead singer Steven Tyler. Jagger wins the fight by using his tongue to stab Tyler through the chest. The 2000 film ''Almost Famous'', set in 1973, refers to Jagger: "Because if you think Mick Jagger'll still be out there, trying to be a rock star at age 50 ... you're sadly, sadly mistaken." In 2012, Jagger was among the List of cultural icons of England, British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake (artist), Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles' ''Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band'' album cover – to celebrate the British cultural figures of his life that he most admires.


Legacy

In the words of British dramatist and novelist Philip Norman (author), Philip Norman, "the only point concerning Mick Jagger's influence over 'young people' that doctors and psychologists agreed on was that it wasn't, under any circumstances, fundamentally harmless".Philip Norman (author), Philip Norman, ''Symphony for the Devil: the Rolling Stones Story'', p.173. Linden Press/Simon & Schuster, 1984. According to Norman, even Elvis Presley at his most scandalous had not exerted a "power so wholly and disturbingly physical". "[W]hile [Presley] made girls scream, [he] did not have Jagger's ability to make men feel uncomfortable." Norman likens Jagger in his early performances with the Rolling Stones in the 1960s to a male ballet dancer, with "his conflicting and colliding sexuality: the swan's neck and smeared harlot eyes allied to an overstuffed and straining codpiece". His performance style has been studied by academics who analysed gender, image and sexuality. Musicologist Sheila Whiteley noted that Jagger's performance style "opened up definitions of gendered masculinity and so laid the foundations for self-invention and sexual plasticity which are now an integral part of contemporary youth culture". His stage personas also contributed significantly to the British tradition of popular music that always featured the character song and where the art of singing becomes a matter of acting—which creates a question about the singer's relationship to his own words. His voice has been described as a powerful expressive tool for communicating feelings to his audience, and expressing an alternative vision of society.Australasian Journal of American Studies, Volume 20, 2001, p.107. Available a
1
. Consulted on 3 October 2011.
To express "virility and unrestrained passion" he developed techniques previously used by African American preachers and gospel music, gospel singers such as "the roar, the guttural belt style of singing, and the buzz, a more nasal and raspy sound". Steven Van Zandt wrote: "The acceptance of Jagger's voice on pop radio was a turning point in rock & roll. He broke open the door for everyone else. Suddenly, Eric Burdon and Van Morrison weren't so weird – even Bob Dylan." AllMusic and MSN have described Jagger as "one of the most popular and influential frontmen in the history of rock & roll", with ''Billboard'' sharing a similar sentiment calling him "the rock and roll frontman". Musician David Bowie joined many rock bands with blues, folk and soul orientations in his first attempts as a musician in the mid-1960s, and he was to recall: "I used to dream of being their Mick Jagger." Bowie suggested, "I think Mick Jagger would be astounded and amazed if he realized that to many people he is not a sex symbol, but a mother image." Jagger appeared on ''Rolling Stone'' List of 100 Greatest Singers at number 16; in the article, Lenny Kravitz wrote: "I sometimes talk to people who sing perfectly in a technical sense who don't understand Mick Jagger. [...] His sense of pitch and melody is really sophisticated. His vocals are stunning, flawless in their own kind of perfection."Lenny Kravitz.
100 Greatest Singers: Mick Jagger
". ''Rolling Stone''. Consulted on 3 October 2011.
This edition also cites Jagger as a key influence on Jack White (musician), Jack White, Steven Tyler and Iggy Pop. More recently, his cultural legacy is associated with his ageing and continued vitality. Bon Jovi frontman Jon Bon Jovi said: "We continue to make Number One records and fill stadiums. But will we still be doing 150 shows per tour? I just can't see it. I don't know how the hell Mick Jagger does it at 67. That would be the first question I'd ask him. He runs around the stage as much as I do yet he's got almost 20 years on me." Since his early career Jagger has embodied what some authors describe as a "Dionysian archetype" of "eternal youth" personified by many rock stars and the rock culture. Jagger has repeatedly said that he will not write an autobiography. However, according to journalist John Blake (journalist), John Blake, coauthor of the book ''Up and Down with the Rolling Stones'', in the early 1980s, after a slew of unauthorised biographies, Jagger was persuaded by George Weidenfeld, Baron Weidenfeld, Lord Weidenfeld to prepare his own, for a £1 million advance. The resulting 75,000-word manuscript is held by Blake, who, he says, was briefly on track to publish it, until Jagger withdrew support. "Mick Jagger is the least egotistical person," observed bandmate Charlie Watts in 2008. "He'll do what's right for the band. He's not a big head – and, if he was, he went through it thirty years ago."


Discography


Solo albums


Compilation


Collaborative albums


Singles

* "—" denotes releases did not chart.


Filmography

Jagger has appeared in the following films: Jagger was slated to appear in the 1982 film ''Fitzcarraldo'' and some scenes were shot with him, but he had to leave for a Rolling Stones tour and his character was eliminated.


As producer

* ''Running Out of Luck'' (1987) * ''Enigma (2001 film), Enigma'' (2001) * ''Being Mick'' (2001) * ''The Women (2008 film), The Women'' (2008) * ''Get on Up (film), Get on Up'' (2014) * ''Mr. Dynamite: The Rise of James Brown'' (2014) * ''Vinyl (TV series), Vinyl'' (2016)


Notes


References


Sources

* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *


External links

* * * * * * *
Sir Michael Philip ('Mick') Jagger (1943–), Singer and composer: Sitter associated with 33 portraits
(National Portrait Gallery)


1983 Audio interview with Mick Jagger-discusses ''Undercover'' album
Classic Rock Central * {{DEFAULTSORT:Jagger, Mick Mick Jagger, 1943 births Living people 20th-century English male actors 20th-century English male singers 21st-century English male actors 21st-century English male singers 2012 Summer Olympics cultural ambassadors All-Stars (band) members Alumni of the London School of Economics British harmonica players British hard rock musicians British rhythm and blues boom musicians English blues singers English expatriates in France English expatriates in the United States English film producers English male film actors English male guitarists English male singer-songwriters English multi-instrumentalists English people of Australian descent English philanthropists English record producers English rhythm and blues musicians English rhythm and blues singers English rock guitarists English rock singers Golden Globe Award-winning musicians Honorary Fellows of the London School of Economics Ivor Novello Award winners Knights Bachelor Male actors from Kent Musicians from Kent Musicians awarded knighthoods People educated at Dartford Grammar School People from Dartford People from East Woodhay People from Wilmington, Kent Singers awarded knighthoods SuperHeavy members The Rolling Stones members