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McGraw Hill is an American learning company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for
pre-K Pre-kindergarten (also called Pre-K or PK) is a voluntary classroom A classroom or schoolroom is a learning space in which both children and adults learn. Classrooms are found in educational institutions of all kinds, ranging from preschools t ...
through
postgraduate education Postgraduate education (graduate education in ) involves learning and studying for or s, academic or professional certificates, academic or professional diplomas, or other qualifications for which a first or generally is required, and it is n ...
. The company also provides reference and
trade publications A trade magazine, also called a trade journal, or trade paper (colloquially or disparagingly a trade rag), is a magazine or newspaper whose target audience is people who work in a particular tradesman, trade or industry. The collective term for this ...
for the medical, business, and engineering professions. McGraw Hill operates in 28 countries, has more than 3,900 employees globally, and offers products and services to over 135 countries in 60+ languages. Formerly a division of The McGraw Hill Companies (later renamed
McGraw Hill Financial S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw–Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation headquartered in Manhattan Manhattan (), known regionally as the City and the urban core ...
, now
S&P Global S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw–Hill Companies) is an American Public company, publicly traded corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City. Its primary areas of business are fi ...
), McGraw-Hill Education was divested and acquired by
Apollo Global Management Apollo Global Management, Inc., is a global alternative investment manager firm. It was founded in 1990 by Leon Black, Josh Harris, and Marc Rowan. Apollo is headquartered in New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New Y ...
in March 2013 for $2.4 billion in cash. McGraw Hill was sold in 2021 to Platinum Equity for $4.5 billion. Based on the growing demand for classroom technology, McGraw Hill began offering digital products alongside traditional print products. This shift has accelerated with an increased focus on developing
adaptive learning Adaptation In biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiologi ...
systems that enable classroom teaching to come closer to a one-to-one student-teacher interaction. These systems allow personalized learning that assesses each student's skill level and uses data to determine how each can progress through lessons most effectively. McGraw Hill now provides digital products and services to over 11 million users on over 1,500 adaptive products in higher education and digital formats for its major K-12 programs.


History

McGraw Hill was founded in 1888 when James H. McGraw, co-founder of the company, purchased the ''American Journal of Railway Appliances''. He continued to add further publications, eventually establishing ''The McGraw Publishing Company'' in 1899. His co-founder, John A. Hill, had also produced several technical and trade publications and in 1902 formed his own business, ''The Hill Publishing Company''. In 1909, the two men agreed upon an alliance and combined the book departments of their publishing companies into ''The McGraw-Hill Book Company''. John Hill served as president, with James McGraw as vice-president. 1917 saw the merger of the remaining parts of each business into ''The McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Inc''. In 1946, McGraw-Hill founded an educational film division. It acquired Contemporary Films in 1972 and CRM in 1975. McGraw-Hill combined its films in the CRM division in 1978. McGraw-Hill sold CRM in 1987. In 1979, McGraw-Hill Publishing Company purchased ''Byte'' from its owner/publisher Virginia Williamson, who then became a vice-president of McGraw-Hill. In 1986, McGraw-Hill bought out competitor The Economy Company, then the nation's largest publisher of educational material. The buyout made McGraw-Hill the largest educational publisher in the U.S. In 1988, McGraw-Hill closed its trade book division. In 1989, McGraw-Hill formed a joint partnership with
Robert Maxwell Ian Robert Maxwell (born Ján Ludvík Hyman Binyamin Hoch; 10 June 1923 – 5 November 1991) was a British media proprietor, former Parliament of the United Kingdom, member of Parliament (MP), suspected spy, and fraudster. Originally from Czec ...
, forming America's second largest textbook publisher. McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, Inc became ''The McGraw-Hill Companies'' in 1995, as part of a corporate identity
rebranding Rebranding is a marketing strategyMarketing strategy is a process that can allow an organization to concentrate its limited resources on the greatest opportunities to increase sales and achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Strategic pla ...
. In 2004, The McGraw-Hill Companies sold its children's publishing unit to School Specialty. In 2007, The McGraw-Hill Companies launched an online student study network,
GradeGuru McGraw Hill is an American learning company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, software, and services for pre-K Pre-kindergarten (also called Pre-K or PK) is a voluntary classroom ...
.com. This offering gave McGraw-Hill an opportunity to connect directly with its end users, the students. The site closed on April 29, 2012. In 2008, the company acquired Reveal Math. On October 3, 2011, Scripps announced it was purchasing all seven television stations owned by
The McGraw-Hill Companies S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw–Hill Companies) is an American publicly traded corporation A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, ...
' broadcasting division ''McGraw-Hill Broadcasting'' for $212 million; the sale is a result of McGraw-Hill's decision to exit the broadcasting industry to focus on its other core properties, including its publishing unit. This deal was approved by the
FTC
FTC
on October 31 and the
FCC The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency A regulatory agency or regulatory authority, is a Public benefit corporation Public-benefit corporation is a term that has different meanings in different jurisdictions. In ...
on November 29. The deal was completed on December 30, 2011. On November 26, 2012, The McGraw-Hill Companies announced it was selling its entire education division to
Apollo Global Management Apollo Global Management, Inc., is a global alternative investment manager firm. It was founded in 1990 by Leon Black, Josh Harris, and Marc Rowan. Apollo is headquartered in New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New Y ...
for $2.5 billion. On March 22, 2013, it announced it had completed the sale and the proceeds were for $2.4 billion in cash. In 2012, the company acquired Redbird Learning and in 2013, the company acquired
ALEKS ALEKS (Assessment and Learning in Knowledge Spaces) is an online In computer technology and telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire, radio, Optical system, optica ...
. In 2014, McGraw Hill Education India partnered with GreyCampus to promote
Online Learning
Online Learning
Courses among
University Grants CommissionUniversity Grants Commission may refer to: * University Grants Commission (Bangladesh) * University Grants Commission (India) *University Grants Commission (Nepal) * University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka) See also

* University Grants Committ ...
- National eligibility Test Aspirants. On June 30, 2015, McGraw-Hill Education announced that Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) had agreed to acquire "key assets" of the
CTB/McGraw-Hill DRC/CTB (CTB) was a publisher of educational assessment for the early learner, K–12 K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve"), from kindergarten Kindergarten (, ) is a preschool educational approach based on play ...
assessment business. In 2016, the company acquired
Everyday Mathematics ''Everyday Mathematics'' is a pre-K and elementary school mathematics curriculum developed by the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project (not to be confused with the University of Chicago School of Mathematics). The program, now publishe ...
. In 2017, the company acquired My Math. On May 11, 2017, McGraw-Hill Education announced the sale of the business holdings of McGraw-Hill Ryerson (
Ryerson Press Ryerson Press was a Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and thre ...
) to Canadian educational publisher Nelson. On May 1, 2019, the company announced an agreement to merge with
Cengage Cengage Group is an American educational Education is the process of facilitating learning Learning is the process of acquiring new understanding, knowledge, behaviors, skills, value (personal and cultural), values, attitudes, and pr ...
. The merged company was expected to retain McGraw Hill as the corporate name. The merger was called off on 1 May 2020. In 2019, the company acquired
Core-Plus Mathematics Project Core-Plus Mathematics is a high school mathematics program consisting of a four-year series of print and digital student textbooks and supporting materials for teachers, developed by the Core-Plus Mathematics Project (CPMP) at Western Michigan Un ...
. In 2020, the company became a distributor for Illustrative Mathematics. McGraw Hill was sold in 2021 to Platinum Equity for $4.5 billion.


Corporate organization

Operating segments of McGraw Hill include: * McGraw Hill PreK–12, which develops curriculum and content for
early childhood education #REDIRECT Early childhood education#REDIRECT Early childhood education Early childhood education (ECE; also nursery education) is a branch of education theory that relates to the teaching of child Biologically, a child (plural children) ...
,
K-12 K-1 is a martial arts Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat Combat (French language, French for ''fight'') is a purposeful violence, violent conflict meant to physically harm or kill the opposition. Combat may be armed ( ...

K-12
learners, and
adult education Adult education, distinct from child education, is a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values.Merriam, Sharan B. & Brockett, Ralph ...

adult education
. * McGraw Hill Higher Ed, which focuses on
post-secondary Tertiary education, also referred to as third-level, third-stage or post-secondary education, is the education Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, value (ethics), values, morals, ...
education. * McGraw Hill Global Professional, focused on
post-graduate Postgraduate education (graduate education in North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be described as the northern subcontinent of th ...
and professional learners globally. * McGraw Hill International, which focuses on learners and institutions outside of the United States. McGraw Hill is also established in Asia, Australia, Canada, (as McGraw-Hill Ryerson) Europe, India, and
Latin America * ht, Amerik Latin, link=no * pt, América Latina, link=no , image = Latin America (orthographic projection).svg , area = , population = ( est.) , density = , ethnic_groups = , ethnic_groups_year = 2018 , ethnic ...

Latin America
(as McGraw-Hill Interamericana). In 2013, McGraw-Hill Education acquired the entirety of shares in Tata McGraw-Hill Education Private Limited, the company's long-existing joint venture with Tata Group in India. The company is now known as McGraw-Hill in India as well.


Acquisitions

During the course of its history, the McGraw Hill Companies expanded significantly through acquisition, not just within the publishing industry but also into other areas such as financial services (the purchase of
Standard & Poor's S&P Global Ratings (previously Standard & Poor's and informally known as S&P) is an American credit rating agency A credit rating agency (CRA, also called a ratings service) is a company that assigns credit ratings, which rate a debtor's abilit ...

Standard & Poor's
in 1966) and broadcasting (the 1972 acquisition of
Time-Life Time Life is, with sister subsidiaries StarVista Live and Lifestyle Products Group, a holding of Direct Holdings Global LLC, an American production company and direct marketer conglomerate, that is known for selling books, music, video/DVD, ...
Broadcasting). Many of these acquisitions stayed with McGraw Hill after their acquisition by Apollo Global Management in 2013.


Presidents

* John A. Hill (1909-1917) * James H. McGraw (1917–1928) * Johnathan Heflin (1928–1948) * James McGraw Jr. (1948–1950) * Curtis W. McGraw (1950–1953) *
Donald C. McGraw Donald Cushing McGraw (21 May 1897 - 7 February 1974) was an American President of McGraw-Hill McGraw Hill is an American learning company and one of the "big three" educational publishers that provides customized educational content, softwar ...
(1953–1968) * Shelton Fisher (1968–1974) * Harold McGraw Jr. (1974–1983) * Joseph Dionne (1983–1998) * Harold W. McGraw III (1998–2013) * Buzz Waterhouse (2013–2014) * David Levin (2014–2017) * Buzz Waterhouse (2017–2018) * Dr. Nana Banerjee (2018–2019) * Simon Allen (2019-)


Controversies

In 1980, McGraw-Hill paid the African American writer and civil rights activist
James Baldwin James Arthur Baldwin (August 2, 1924 – December 1, 1987) was an American novelist A novelist is an author An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book A book is a medium for recording information ...
a $200,000 advance for his unfinished book ''Remember This House'', a memoir of his personal recollections of civil rights leaders
Medgar Evers Medgar Wiley Evers (July 2, 1925June 12, 1963) was an American civil rights Civil and political rights are a class of rights Rights are legal Law is a system of rules created and law enforcement, enforced through social or govern ...
,
Malcolm X Malcolm X (born Malcolm Little; May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965) was an African-American Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God O ...
and
Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or part ...
"McGraw-Hill Drops Baldwin Suit"
''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'', May 19, 1990.
Following his death, the company sued his estate to recover the advance they had paid him for the unfinished book. The lawsuit was dropped by the company in 1990, citing a desire not to cause distress to Baldwin's family. In October 2015, McGraw-Hill Education was accused of whitewashing history after it published a caption in a geography textbook referring to American slaves as "
workers The workforce or labour force is the labour pool either in employment or unemployed.https://www.bls.gov/bls/glossary.htm It is generally used to describe those working for a single types of companies, company or Industry (economics), industr ...

workers
". The company quickly apologized, updated the digital version of the materials, and offered schools replacement texts at no charge. It has been linked to broader controversies about texts at the
Texas Education Agency The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is the branch of the government of Texas The government of Texas operates under the Constitution of Texas and consists of a unitary democratic state government A government is the system or group ...
.


See also

* *
Books in the United States As of 2018, several firms in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U. ...
*
Discovery Education Discovery, Inc. is an American multinational mass media factual television company based in New York City. Established in 1985, the company primarily operates a group of factual television, factual and lifestyle television brands, such as the nam ...
* Google for Education *
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (; HMH) is an American publisher Publishing is the activity of making information, literature, music, software and other content available to the public for sale or for free. Traditionally, the term refers to the c ...
*
Pearson Education Pearson Education is a British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people, nationals or natives of the United Kingdom, British Overseas Territories, and Crown Dependencies. ** Britishness, the British identity a ...
*
S&P Global S&P Global Inc. (prior to April 2016 McGraw Hill Financial, Inc., and prior to 2013 McGraw–Hill Companies) is an American Public company, publicly traded corporation headquartered in Manhattan, New York City. Its primary areas of business are fi ...
*
Scholastic Corporation Scholastic Corporation is an American multinational publishing, education and media company that publishes and distributes comics, books and educational materials for schools, parents, and children. Products are distributed via retail and online ...


References


Further reading

* Roger Burlingame, ''Endless Frontiers: The Story of McGraw-Hill'', New York: McGraw-Hill, 1959.


External links


No More Pencils, No More Books , Slate

McGraw Hill says digital sales beat print for the first time , Chicago Sun Times

McGraw-Hill Education Establishes its Software Status with GFA Deal , The PIE News


{{Authority control 2013 mergers and acquisitions American companies established in 1888 Apollo Global Management companies Education companies established in 1888 Educational publishing companies Educational publishing companies of the United States Gerald Loeb Special Award winners Publishing companies based in New York City Publishing companies established in 1888 Textbook publishing companies