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Marodi Jeh ( so, Maroodi Jeex, ar, مرودي جيح) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in western
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a de facto sovereign ...

Somaliland
.Regions of Somaliland
/ref> It is considered to be the most populous region of the country. It is bordered by
Awdal Awdal ( so, Awdal, ar, أودَل) is a region in Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلا ...

Awdal
to the west, Sahil to the north,
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil t ...

Togdheer
to the east and
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the ...

Ethiopia
to the south. Marodi Jeh was created by splitting the previously existing region (gobolka) Woqooyi Galbeed in two, the other part being Sahil. In 2007 the region of Woqooyi Galbeed was renamed to Maroodi Jeex (Chapter 1, Article 2 ]). Woqooyi Galbeed was thus much larger than Marodi Jeh.


Etymology

The Marodi Jeh region (meaning split elephant in Somali language, Somali) corresponds with the historical name of the Tog Maroodi Jeex, a seasonal river that flows through the region during the rainy season:
Hargeisa is situated on the Tug Marodijeh, the banks of which are well wooded, and as it can boast of an excellent climate all the year round, and is about half-way on the main route from Bulhar to Jig-jigga on the Abyssinian frontier, it is always likely to be of some importance to caravans. A large percentage of the trade from Ogadayn passes through it to Bulhar on the coast.


History

Formerly known as the Hargeisa District, it was one of six districts that made up the
British Somaliland British Somaliland, officially the British Somaliland Protectorate ( so, Dhulka Maxmiyada Soomaalida ee Biritishka), was a British Empire, British protectorate in present-day Somaliland. For much of its existence, the territory was bordered by ...
protectorate. In 1960, the then independent
State of Somaliland The State of Somaliland (, ) was a short-lived independent country in the territory of present-day unilaterally declared Republic of Somaliland. It existed on the territory of former British Somaliland for five days between 26 June 1960 and 1 ...
merged with
Italian Somaliland Italian Somaliland ( it, Somala italiana; ar, الصومال الإيطالي, Al-Sumal Al-Italiy; so, Dhulka Talyaaniga ee Soomaalida), was a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state which ...

Italian Somaliland
to form the
Somali Republic The Somali Republic ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliyeed, it, Repubblica Somala, ar, الجمهورية الصومالية ) was the name of a sovereign state composing of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the ...
. By 1964, the then Hargeisa District merged with the Borama district (now
Awdal Awdal ( so, Awdal, ar, أودَل) is a region in Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلا ...

Awdal
) and the Berbera district (now Sahil) to form the Woqooyi Galbeed region (literally ''North West'', also known as Hargeisa region). Borama district (now
Awdal Awdal ( so, Awdal, ar, أودَل) is a region in Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلا ...

Awdal
) was carved out of the western parts of Woqooyi Galbeed region in June 1984. When the
Somali Civil War The Somali Civil War ( so, Dagaalkii Sokeeye ee Soomaaliya; ar, الحرب الأهلية الصومالية) is an ongoing civil war A civil war, also known as an intrastate war in polemology, is a war between organized groups with ...
broke out, the former British territory declared the revival of the pre-independent
State of Somaliland The State of Somaliland (, ) was a short-lived independent country in the territory of present-day unilaterally declared Republic of Somaliland. It existed on the territory of former British Somaliland for five days between 26 June 1960 and 1 ...
. In 1991 Berbera district (now Sahil) was carved out of the nortern parts of Woqooyi Galbeed region. In 2007 the region of Woqooyi Galbeed was renamed to Maroodi Jeh (Chapter 1, Article 2 ]).


Overview

Marodi Jeh is bordered by
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the ...

Ethiopia
to the south, the region of
Awdal Awdal ( so, Awdal, ar, أودَل) is a region in Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Soomaaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلا ...

Awdal
to the west, and
Togdheer Togdheer ( so, Togdheer, ar, تُوْجْدَيْر, Tūjdayr) is an administrative region (''Administrative divisions of Somaliland, gobol'') in central Somaliland. Togdheer is bordered by Maroodi Jeex to the west, Sahil, Somaliland, Saaxil t ...

Togdheer
to the east. Its capital is
Hargeisa Hargeisa (; so, Hargeysa, ar, هرجيسا) is the capital and largest city of Somaliland. It is located in the Maroodi Jeex region of the Horn of Africa. It succeeded Berbera as the capital of the British Somaliland Protectorate in 1941. The ...

Hargeisa
. It is known to be a very strategic region with rich farmlands and large ports. It also contains the town of
Toon Toon may refer to: Places * Tōon, Ehime, a Japanese city in Ehime Prefecture * Toon, the former name of Ferdows, a city in South Khorasan Province, Iran * Toon, Somaliland, a town in the Garoodi region of Somaliland * Tarso Toon, volcano in Ch ...
, the traditional seat of the
Isaaq Sultanate The Isaaq Sultanate ( so, Saldanadda Isaaq, ar, سلطنة الإسحاق) was a Somali kingdom that ruled parts of the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA) om, Gaafa Afrikaa, am, የአፍሪካ ቀንድ, yäafrika qänd, so, Geeska Afr ...
.


Demographics

Marodi Jeh is inhabited by people from the Somali ethnic group, with the
Arap The Arap or Arab ( so, Arab, ar, أرب, Full Name: ''Muḥammad ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') clan is a major clan of the wider Isaaq The Isaaq (also Isaq, Ishaak, Isaac) ( so, Reer Sheekh Isxaaq, ar, بني إسحاق, Banī Is ...
,
Ayub Ayub or Ayoub ( ar, أيوب, "Job Employment is the relationship between two parties Image:'Hip, Hip, Hurrah! Artist Festival at Skagen', by Peder Severin Krøyer (1888) Demisted with DXO PhotoLab Clearview; cropped away black border e ...
,
Garhajis The Garhajis ( so, Garxajis, ar, غرحجس , Full Name: ''Al-Qādhī Ismā'īl ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad'') historically known as the Habar Gerhajis () is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family. They are the traditional holders ...
,
Habr Awal The Habr Awal ( so, Habar Awal, ar, هبر أول, Full Name: Abd al-Raḥmān ibn ash-Shaykh Isḥāq ibn Aḥmad)''; is a major clan of the wider Isaaq clan family, and is further divided into eight sub-clans of whom the two largest and mo ...
and Tol Je'lo clans of the wider
Isaaq The Isaaq (also Isaq, Ishaak, Isaac) ( so, Reer Sheekh Isxaaq, ar, بني إسحاق, Banī Isḥāq) is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cu ...
clan-family residing in the region.


Districts

The Marodi Jeh region consists of 4 districts:See
TheSomaliland Region and Districts Law
Law No: 23/2002 as amended in 2007, article 6.1.
*
Hargeisa District Hargeisa District ( so, Degmada Hargeysa) is a Administrative divisions of Somaliland, district in the Maroodi Jeex region in Somaliland. Its capital lies at Hargeisa. Other settlements in the district include Daarbuduq. References External l ...

Hargeisa District
*
Gabiley District Gabiley District ( so, Degmada Gabiley) is a Administrative divisions of Somaliland, district in the Maroodi Jeex province of Somaliland, with its capital in Gabiley. Agriculture The majority of Somaliland food production is found in this region, ...

Gabiley District
* * Salahlay District


Map

Somaliland-Maroodi Jeh Region.svg


References


External links


Administrative map of Woqooyi Galbeed
Regions of Somaliland {{Somaliland-geo-stub