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The Majeerteen ( so, Majeerteen, ar, ماجرتين; also spelled Majerteen, Macherten, Majertain, or Mijurtin) is a sub-clan. It is one of the major Somali groups, with a vast traditional territory spanning 3 major regions of Somalia:
Bari Bari ( , ; nap, label= Barese, Bare ; lat, Barium; grc, Βάριον, translit=Bárion) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari The Metropolitan City of Bari ( it, Città Metropolitana di Bari) is a Metropolitan cities of Italy, ...

Bari
,
Nugaal The Nugaal an intermittent river that runs along the Nugaal Valley. It begins several miles to the west of Sool, and ends at Eyl where the outlet flows into the Indian Ocean. It evaporates at the onset of the hagaa, the Somali dry season. Due ...
and
Mudug Mudug ( so, Mudug; it, Mudugh) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in north-central Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered ...
. From
Bosaso Bosaso ( so, Boosaaso, ar, بوصاصو) is a city in the northeastern Bari, Somalia, Bari province (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') of Somalia. It is the seat of the Bosaso District. Located on the southern coast of the Gulf of ...

Bosaso
down to
Garacad Garacad is a historic coastal town in the north east central Mudug region of Puntland, an autonomous state of Somalia. There is currently work to build a new port in the harbour of Garacad. References Garacad External linksSatellite view of Garacad ...
, the Majerteen settle in what is literally considered to be the '
Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a landform surrounded by water on most of its border while being connected to a mainland fr ...

Horn of Africa
'. They can also be found in
Kismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
in southern Somalia. Its members form a part of the
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...

Harti
Darod The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the H ...
clan family, and primarily inhabit the
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
state of northern
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
.


Overview

The Majeerteen Sultanates played an important role in the pre-independence era of Somalia. The Majeerteen also held many other significant government posts in the 1960s and 1970s, and continue to play a key role in Puntland state and Somalia as a whole. For the treaty between the Majeerteen and colonial powers, see "treaties & non-signatories".


Distribution

The Majeerteen are traditionally settled in Somalia's northern regions of
Bari Bari ( , ; nap, label= Barese, Bare ; lat, Barium; grc, Βάριον, translit=Bárion) is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Bari The Metropolitan City of Bari ( it, Città Metropolitana di Bari) is a Metropolitan cities of Italy, ...

Bari
, Nugal and
Mudug Mudug ( so, Mudug; it, Mudugh) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in north-central Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered ...
.Royal African Society, ''African Affairs'', Volume 101, (Oxford University Press: 2002) p.101. They can also be found in
Kismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
in southern Somalia due to migrations starting in the 19th century along with their fellow members of the larger
Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, ar, صوماليون) are an Cushitic peoples, East Cushitic ethnic group native to the Horn of Afri ...

Harti
subclan, the
Dhulbahante The Dhulbahante ( so, Dhulbahante, ar, دلبةنتئ) is a Somali clan family, part of the Harti clan which itself belongs to the largest Somali clan-family — the Darod. In Somaliland, the Dhulbahante primarily settle in the regions of So ...
,
Dishiishe The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the H ...
and
Warsangeli The Warsangali ( so, Warsangeli, ar, قبيلة ورسنجلي) is a major Somali sub clan, part of the Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛 ...
. The Majeerteen are traditionally settled in the land in-between
Bandar Siyada Bandar Siyada ( so, Bender Siyaada), also known as Qaw, is a populated place in the northeastern Bari, Somalia, Bari region of Somalia. Overview The book "''La Migiurtinia Ed Il Territorio Del Nugál''" says the following about Qaw in early 1925: ...
an ancient port town facing the
Gulf of Aden The Gulf of Aden ( ar, خليج عدن, so, Gacanka Cadmeed 𐒅𐒖𐒐𐒕𐒌 𐒋𐒖𐒆𐒗𐒒) also known as the ''Gulf of Berbera Berbera (; so, Barbara, ar, بربرة) is the capital of the Sahil, Somaliland, Sahil region of Soma ...

Gulf of Aden
, and
Garacad Garacad is a historic coastal town in the north east central Mudug region of Puntland, an autonomous state of Somalia. There is currently work to build a new port in the harbour of Garacad. References Garacad External linksSatellite view of Garacad ...
a coastal port town, facing the
Indian Ocean The Indian Ocean is the third-largest of the world's five ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of and contains 97% of . Another definition is "any of the large ...

Indian Ocean
and all the land in between which corresponds to the area encompassing the Horn of Africa. Therefore, the Majerteen are settled in what is literally considered to be 'the Horn of Africa'. Some Majeerteen people are also found in the
Somali Region The Somali Region ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, ሱማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is a regional state A regional state or a regionalised unitary state, is ...

Somali Region
in
Ethiopia Ethiopia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the ...

Ethiopia
, specifically in the
Dollo Zone Dollo ( so, Doollo) is one of the nine zones Zone or The Zone may refer to: Places Climate and altitude zones * Death zone In mountaineering, the death zone refers to altitudes above a certain point where the pressure of oxygen is Effects of ...
near the Somalia border. The Majeerteen are part of Darod subclans within Somalia. The Majeerteen are more commonly found in the cities of
Bosaso Bosaso ( so, Boosaaso, ar, بوصاصو) is a city in the northeastern Bari, Somalia, Bari province (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') of Somalia. It is the seat of the Bosaso District. Located on the southern coast of the Gulf of ...

Bosaso
,
Garowe Garowe ( so, Garoowe, ar, غاروي, it, Garoe) is the administrative capital of Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda F ...
and
Galkacyo Galkayo ( so, Gaalkacyo, ar, جالكعيو, also known in Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian langu ...
which are all regional capitals of
Bari, Somalia Bari ( so, Bari, ar, باري) is an administrative region (''gobol'') in northeastern Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia ...

Bari, Somalia
,
Nugal, Somalia Nugal ( so, Nugaal, ar, نوغال, it, Nogal), traditionally known as Nugaaleed-Bari or Bari-Nugaal, is an administrative region (''gobol'') in northern Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya ...
and
Mudug Mudug ( so, Mudug; it, Mudugh) is an administrative region ('' gobol'') in north-central Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered ...
respectively. The Osman Mahmud (Cismaan Maxamuud), Omar Mahmud (Cumar Maxamuud), and Isse Mahmoud (Ciise Maxamuud) – comprise the Maxamuud Saleebaan, Muuse Salebaan known as Ugaar Saleebaan is also a major subclan which a 2010 study identifies as both the main division of Majeerteen and a central and unifying entity in Puntland. During the 1960s, the Ali Saleebaan (or Cali Saleebaan), Wadalmuge and Ciise Maxamuud formed a powerful business class in
Kismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
, while
Siad Barre Mohamed Siad Barre ( so, Maxamed Siyaad Barre 𐒑𐒖𐒄𐒖𐒑𐒗𐒆 𐒈𐒘𐒕𐒛𐒆 𐒁𐒖𐒇𐒇𐒗; ar, محمد زياد بري; 1910 – January 2, 1995) was a Somali general who served as the President President most comm ...

Siad Barre
exploited a rivalry between the Cali Saleebaan and Cumar Maxamuud in an effort to weaken the Majeerteen in general. Historically, the Cali Saleebaan formed part of a coastal trading network around
Bosaso Bosaso ( so, Boosaaso, ar, بوصاصو) is a city in the northeastern Bari, Somalia, Bari province (''Administrative divisions of Somalia, gobol'') of Somalia. It is the seat of the Bosaso District. Located on the southern coast of the Gulf of ...

Bosaso
, along with other subclans.


Majeerteen Sultanates

Before the famous
Majeerteen Sultanate The Majeerteen Sultanate ( so, Suldanadda Majeerteen, lit=Boqortooyada Majerteen, ar, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somalis, Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa. Ruled by Boqor Osman Maham ...
there was the Sultanate of Amaanle (Abdirahman Awe) which was overthrown and overtaken by
Osman Mahamuud Osman Mahamuud ( so, Cismaan Maxamuud, ar, عثمان محمود), also known as `Uthman III ibn Mahmud, was a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl off ...
who became the subsequent King and Sultan. The
Majeerteen Sultanate The Majeerteen Sultanate ( so, Suldanadda Majeerteen, lit=Boqortooyada Majerteen, ar, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somalis, Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa. Ruled by Boqor Osman Maham ...
was founded in the early-18th century. It rose to prominence in the following century, under the reign of the resourceful
King King is the title given to a male monarch in a variety of contexts. The female equivalent is queen regnant, queen, which title is also given to the queen consort, consort of a king. *In the context of prehistory, antiquity and contempora ...

King
('' Boqor'')
Osman Mahamuud Osman Mahamuud ( so, Cismaan Maxamuud, ar, عثمان محمود), also known as `Uthman III ibn Mahmud, was a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl off ...
.Helen Chapin Metz, ''Somalia: a country study'', (The Division: 1993), p.10. His Sultanate controlled Bari Karkaar, Nugaaal and also central Somalia in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The polity maintained a robust trading network, entered into treaties with foreign powers, and exerted strong centralized authority on the domestic front.''Horn of Africa'', Volume 15, Issues 1-4, (Horn of Africa Journal: 1997), p.130.''Transformation towards a regulated economy'', (WSP Transition Programme, Somali Programme: 2000) p.62. Osman Mahamuud's Sultanate was nearly destroyed in the late-1800s by a power struggle between himself and his ambitious cousin,
Yusuf Ali Kenadid Yusuf Ali Kenadid ( so, Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid; 1837 - 28 september 1911) was a Somali Sultan. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud o ...
who founded the
Sultanate of Hobyo This article includes a list of successive Muslim state , caption = , active = {{Collapsible list , title = 1999–present , 1 = 1999: Established under the name of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad , 2 = October 2004: Joined al ...
in 1878. Initially he wanted to seize control of the neighbouring Majeerteen Sultanate, ruled by his cousin '' Boqor'' Osman Mahamud. However,
Yusuf Ali Kenadid Yusuf Ali Kenadid ( so, Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid; 1837 - 28 september 1911) was a Somali Sultan. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud o ...
was unsuccessful in his endeavour, and was eventually forced into exile in
Yemen ) , image_map = Yemen on the globe (Yemen centered).svg , map_caption = , image_map2 = , capital = Sana'a Sanaa ( ar, صَنْعَاء, ' , Yemeni Arabic: ; Old South Arabian: 𐩮 ...

Yemen
. A decade later, in the 1870s, Yusuf Ali Kenadid returned from the
Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula (; ar, شِبْهُ الْجَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِيَّة, , "Arabian Peninsula" or , , "Island of the Arabs") is a peninsula of Western Asia, situated northeast of Africa on the Arabian Plate. At , the ...
with a band of Hadhrami
musketeer A musketeer (french: mousquetaire) was a type of soldier equipped with a musket. Musketeers were an important part of early modern warfare particularly in Europe as they normally comprised the majority of their infantry. The musketeer was a prec ...

musketeer
s and a group of devoted lieutenants. With their assistance, he managed to overpower the local
Hawiye The Hawiye ( so, Hawiye, ar, بنو هوية, it, Haouia, en, Hawiye) is a one of the largest Somali clan family. Members of this clan traditionally inhabit central and southern Somalia, the Somali Region and the North Eastern Province (Keny ...
clans and establish the Kingdom of Hobyo in 1878.Lee V. Cassanelli, ''The shaping of Somali society: reconstructing the history of a pastoral people, 1600-1900'', (University of Pennsylvania Press: 1982), p.75. As with the Majeerteen Sultanate, the Sultanate of Hobyo exerted a strong centralized authority during its existence, and possessed all of the organs and trappings of an integrated modern state: a functioning bureaucracy, a hereditary nobility, titled aristocrats, a state flag, as well as a professional army.Michigan State University. African Studies Center, Northeast African studies, Volumes 11-12, (Michigan State University Press: 1989), p.32. Both sultanates also maintained written records of their activities, which still exist. In the late 19th century, all extant northern Somali monarchs entered into treaties with one of the colonial powers, Abyssinia, Britain or Italy, except for the Dhulbahante. Likewise, in late 1889, Boqor Osman entered into a treaty with the
Italians Italians ( it, italiani ) are a Romance Romance (from Vulgar Latin , "in the Roman language", i.e., "Latin") may refer to: Common meanings * Romance (love) Romance or Romantic love is an emotional feeling of love for, or a strong att ...

Italians
, making his realm an Italian
protectorate A protectorate is a state that is controlled and protected by another sovereign state. It is a dependent territory A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency (sometimes referred as an external territory) is a territory that does not ...
. His rival Sultan Kenadid had signed a similar agreement vis-a-vis his own Sultanate the year before. Both rulers had signed the protectorate treaties to advance their own expansionist objectives, with Boqor Osman looking to use Italy's support in his ongoing power struggle with Kenadid over the Majeerteen Sultanate. Boqor Osman and Sultan Kenadid also hoped to exploit the conflicting interests among the European imperial powers that were then looking to control the Somali peninsula, so as to avoid direct occupation of their territories by force.The Majeerteen Sultanates The relationship between the
Sultanate of Hobyo This article includes a list of successive Muslim state , caption = , active = {{Collapsible list , title = 1999–present , 1 = 1999: Established under the name of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad , 2 = October 2004: Joined al ...
and Italy soured when Sultan Kenadid refused the Italians' proposal to allow a
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...
contingent of troops to disembark in his Sultanate so that they might then pursue their battle against
Mohammed Abdullah Hassan Sayid Mohamed Abdullahi Hassan ( so, Sayid Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan; 1856–1920) was a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Rep ...
's Dervish forces. Viewed as too much of a threat by the Italians, Sultan Kenadid was eventually exiled to
Aden Aden ( , ; ar, عدن ' Yemeni Arabic, Yemeni: ) is a city, and since 2015, the temporary capital of Yemen, near the eastern approach to the Red Sea (the Gulf of Aden), some east of the strait Bab-el-Mandeb. Its population is approximately ...

Aden
in Yemen and then to
Eritrea Eritrea ( ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA), also known as the Somali Peninsula, is a large peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from ' "almost" and ' "island") is a ...

Eritrea
, as was his son Ali Yusuf, the heir apparent to his throne.
Osman Yusuf Kenadid Osman Yusuf Kenadid ( so, Cusmaan Yuusuf Keenadiid; ar, عثمان يوسف كيناديد), was a Somali poet, writer, teacher and ruler. Born in Ceel Huur in 1889, he went on to create the Osmanya alphabet for writing Somali language, Somali. ...
, the son of the first Sultan
Yusuf Ali Kenadid Yusuf Ali Kenadid ( so, Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid; 1837 - 28 september 1911) was a Somali Sultan. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud o ...
, was a famous poet and scholar.
Osman Yusuf Kenadid Osman Yusuf Kenadid ( so, Cusmaan Yuusuf Keenadiid; ar, عثمان يوسف كيناديد), was a Somali poet, writer, teacher and ruler. Born in Ceel Huur in 1889, he went on to create the Osmanya alphabet for writing Somali language, Somali. ...
was the inventor of the first phonetically standard script for the Somali language in the 1920s, the
Osmanya The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah al-ʿuthmānīyah, is a Writing s ...
Script.


Lineage

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the
World Bank The World Bank is an international financial institution An international financial institution (IFI) is a financial institution that has been established (or chartered) by more than one country, and hence is subject to international law. Its o ...
's ''Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics'' from 2005 and the
United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer to use Britain as shorth ...

United Kingdom
's
Home Office The Home Office (HO), also known (especially in official papers and when referred to in Parliament) as the Home Department, is a ministerial department of the Government of the United Kingdom ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govren ...

Home Office
publication, ''Somalia Assessment 2001''.Worldbank,
Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics
'', January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure
, p. 43
* Shiekh
Darod The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the H ...
(Daarood bin Ismaciil) ** Marehan *** Red Dini *** Rer Hassan *** Cali Dheere ** Kabalah *** Absame **** Ogaden ***** Makabul ***** Mohamed Zubeir ***** Aulihan *****Bah-geri **** Jidwaq *** Harti ****
Dhulbahante The Dhulbahante ( so, Dhulbahante, ar, دلبةنتئ) is a Somali clan family, part of the Harti clan which itself belongs to the largest Somali clan-family — the Darod. In Somaliland, the Dhulbahante primarily settle in the regions of So ...
(Dolbahante) ****
Dishiishe The Darod ( so, Daarood, ar, دارود) is a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a country in the H ...
(Dishishe) ****
Warsangali The Warsangali ( so, Warsangeli, ar, قبيلة ورسنجلي) is a major Somali sub clan, part of the Harti Harti ( so, Harti, ar, هرتي), meaning "strong man", is a Somali clan The Somalis ( so, Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛 ...
(Warsengeli) **** Majeerteen (Mijerteen) *****Wabeeneeye *****Idigfale (Muuse Noleys) *****Danweyne (Abdalle Noleys) *****Amaanle *****Guddoonwaaq *****Filkucaag *****Amartiwaaq *****Tabale *****Ali Jibraahiil *****Nuux Jibrahiil *****Cabdirixiin Ibraahim *****Wadalmoge *****Reer Umar *****Reer Maxamuud ******Abukar Maxamuud *******Faarax Ismacil *******Ciise Ismacil *******Maxamed Ismacil ******Qaasin Maxamuud *******Maxamed Qaasin *******Axmed Qaasin *******Aadan Qaasin *******Bare Qaasin *******Ibraahim Qaasin *****Reer Bicidyahan *****Siwaaqroon ******Abdirahman *******Adan Abdiraxman ********Ibrahim Abdisamad ********Yoonis Abdisamad ********Mohamud Abdisamad *******Cawlyahan (Obokor Abdiraxman) ********Ciise Cawlyahan ********Jibriil Cawlyahan ********Hashim Cawlyahan ******Mohammed *****Ugaar Saleebaan *****Ismail Saleebaan *****Ali Saleebaan ******Bicidyahan Ali ******Auliyahan Ali ******Omar Ali ******Adam Ali ******Ismail Ali *****Maxamuud Saleebaan ****** Cismaan Maxamuud ******Cumar Maxamuud ******Ciise Maxamuud


Groups

* Taargooye, an exclusively Majeerteen Darawiish administrative division and disbanded in 1910 when its constituents became mutinous * SSDF was a predominantly Majeerteen political group from the 1980s to 1990s


Notable People


Presidents & prime ministers

*
Abdirahman Mohamud Farole Abdirahman Mohamud Farole ( so, Cabdiraxmaan Maxamuud Faroole; ar, عبد الرحمن محمد; born 1945) is a Somali people, Somali politician. He served for many years in the government, acting as a governor of the Nugal, Somalia, Nugal regi ...
, former President of Puntland * Abdirashid Shermarke, first Prime Minister of Somalia, second President of Somalia (10 June 1967 until 16 October 1969) *
Abdirizak Haji Hussein Abdirizak Haji Hussein ( so, Cabdirisaaq Xaaji Xuseen; ar, عبد الرزاق حاجي حسين‎; 24 December 192431 January 2014) was a Somali diplomat and politician. He was the Prime Minister of Somali Republic from 14 June 1964 to 15 J ...
, former Prime Minister of Somalia (1964–1967), and former Secretary General of the Somali Youth League. *
Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gaas ( so, Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali ; ar, عبدالولي محمد علي; ), also known as Abdiweli Gaas, is a Somali American economist and politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الص ...
, former
Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transpa ...
of Somalia, and former President of Puntland. *
Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed ( so, Cabdullaahi Yuusuf Axmed, ar, عبدالله يوسف أحمد‎; 15 December 1934 – 23 March 2012) was a Somali politician and former Colonel in the Somali National Army. He was one of the founders of the Soma ...

Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
, former
President of Somalia The president of Somalia ( so, Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia. The president is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. The president represents the Federal Government of Somalia, Federal Republic of Somal ...
, President of
Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, it, Terra di Punt or ''Paese di Punt''), officially the Puntland State of Somalia ( so, Dowladda Federalkaa ee Puntland , ar, ولاية أرض البنط الصومالية), is a States and ...

Puntland
and leader/co-founder of the
Somali Salvation Democratic Front Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) ( so, Jabhadda Diimuqraadiga Badbaadinta Soomaaliyeed), initially known as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia, was a political and paramilitary umbrella organization in Somalia Somalia,; ...
. * Omar Sharmarke, Prime Minister of Somalia, and son of Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke *
Said Abdullahi Dani Said Abdullahi Dani ( so, Siciid Cabdullaahi Deni, ar, سعيد عبدالله دني; born 2 July, 1966 or 1967, also known as Said Deni or Said Dani, is the current president of Puntland Puntland ( so, Puntland, ar, أرض البنط, ...
, former Minister of Planning of Somalia, current President of Puntland.


Royalty

* Abdulkadir Isse Ahmed Salah, Sultan of the Ugaar Saleebaan of Majeerteen *
Ali Yusuf Kenadid Ali Yusuf Kenadid ( so, Cali Yuusuf Keenadiid, ar, علي يوسف كينايديض) was a Somalis, Somali ruler. He was the second Suldaan, Sultan of the Sultanate of Hobyo. History Ali Yusuf was born into a Majeerteen Darod family. His father, ...
, last Sultan of the
Sultanate of Hobyo This article includes a list of successive Muslim state , caption = , active = {{Collapsible list , title = 1999–present , 1 = 1999: Established under the name of Jama'at al-Tawhid wal-Jihad , 2 = October 2004: Joined al ...
*
Osman Mahamuud Osman Mahamuud ( so, Cismaan Maxamuud, ar, عثمان محمود), also known as `Uthman III ibn Mahmud, was a Somali Somali refers to an East African tribe (ethnic group) native to Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl off ...
, King of the
Majeerteen Sultanate The Majeerteen Sultanate ( so, Suldanadda Majeerteen, lit=Boqortooyada Majerteen, ar, سلطنة مجرتين), also known as Majeerteenia and Migiurtinia, was a Somalis, Somali kingdom centered in the Horn of Africa. Ruled by Boqor Osman Maham ...
(mid-1800s-early 1900s) *
Yusuf Ali Kenadid Yusuf Ali Kenadid ( so, Yuusuf Cali Keenadiid; 1837 - 28 september 1911) was a Somali Sultan. He was the founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo in the 1870s. Along with Sultan Mohamoud Ali Shire of the Warsangali Sultanate and King Osman Mahamuud o ...
, founder of the Sultanate of Hobyo


Military

*
Abdullahi Ahmed Irro Abdullahi Ahmed Irro ( so, Cabdullaahi Axmed Cirro, ar, عبد الله أحمد إرو), also known as Abdullahi Ahmad Yousef Irro,''ARR: Arab report and record'', (Economic Features, ltd.: 1978), p.602. was a prominent Somali people, Somali mili ...
, Somali General, founded the National Academy for Strategy. * Siciid Jigrati, mentioned in the Geoffrey Archer's 1916 important members of Darawiish haroun list * Abshir Dhoorre, mentioned in the Geoffrey Archer's 1916 important members of Darawiish haroun list * Xirsi Bile, mentioned in the Geoffrey Archer's 1916 important members of Darawiish haroun list * Jama Ali Jama, Colonel in the Somali military and former President of Puntland *
Mohamed Abshir Muse Mohamed Abshir Muse ( so, Maxamed Abshir Muuse, ar, محاميد أبشير موسى), (1 July 1926 – 25 October 2017) also known as Mahamed Abshir Musa, was a prominent Somali people, Somali General and the first Commander of the Somali Police ...
first commander of the Somali Police Force


Enterprisers

*
Abdulqawi Yusuf Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf ( so, Abdulqaawi Ahmed Yuusuf) is a Somali lawyer and judge serving on the International Court of Justice since 2009. He served as the President of the International Court of Justice, court's president from 2018 to 2021. E ...
, lawyer and judge at the International Court of Justice. * Ali A. Abdi, sociologist and educationist, professor of education and international development, the
University of British Columbia The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a public university, public research university with campuses near Vancouver and in Kelowna, British Columbia. Established in 1908, UBC is British Columbia's oldest university. The university ranks a ...

University of British Columbia
. * Ali Haji Warsame, entrepreneur, former Chief Executive Officer of Golis Telecom Somalia * , entrepreneur, and Somalia and Puntland presidential candidate * , a Somali-American
fashion model A model is a person with a role either to Promotion (marketing), promote, display or advertise commercial product (business), products (notably fashion clothing in fashion shows) or to serve as a visual aid for people who are creating works of ...
, actress and entrepreneur. A pioneer in the ethnic-cosmetics market, she is also noted for her philanthropic work. She is the widow of English rock musician
David Bowie David Robert Jones (8 January 194710 January 2016), known professionally as David Bowie ( ), was an English singer-songwriter and actor. A leading figure in the music industry, Bowie is regarded as one of the most influential musicians of th ...

David Bowie
. * Maxamed Daahir Afrax, novelist, playwright, journalist and scholar *
Mohammed Awale Liban Hagi Mohammed Awale Liban ( so, Maxamed Cawaale Liibaan, ar, محمد عوالي ليبان ) was a Somali people, Somali scholar. He is noted for having designed the flag of Somalia in 1954. Liban also later served as the Chief of Cabinet of the P ...
, designed the
flag of Somalia The flag of Somalia ( so, Calanka Soomaaliya, ar, علم الصومال), also known as the Somali flag, was adopted on October 12, 1954, and was designed by Mohammed Awale Liban. The flag was initially used within the Trust Territory of Somali ...

flag of Somalia
* Omar A. Ali, entrepreneur, accountant, financial consultant, philanthropist, and leading specialist on Islamic finance. * Shire Haji Farah, entrepreneur, and Executive Committee Member of the Somali Business Council * Yaasiin Cismaan Keenadiid, traditional Somali linguist * Yasin Haji Osman Sharmarke, leader and co-founder of the
Somali Youth League The Somali Youth League (SYL) ( so, Ururka Dhalinyarada Soomaaliyeed 𐒚𐒇𐒚𐒇𐒏𐒖 𐒊𐒖𐒐𐒘𐒒𐒕𐒖𐒇𐒖𐒆𐒖 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒜𐒆, it, Lega dei Giovani Somali or ''Lega Somala della Gioventù''), initi ...
*
Osman Yusuf Kenadid Osman Yusuf Kenadid ( so, Cusmaan Yuusuf Keenadiid; ar, عثمان يوسف كيناديد), was a Somali poet, writer, teacher and ruler. Born in Ceel Huur in 1889, he went on to create the Osmanya alphabet for writing Somali language, Somali. ...
, inventor of the
Osmanya The Osmanya script ( so, Farta Cismaanya 𐒍𐒖𐒇𐒂𐒖 𐒋𐒘𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒒𐒕𐒖), also known as Far Soomaali (𐒍𐒖𐒇 𐒘𐒝𐒈𐒑𐒛𐒘, "Somali writing") and, in Arabic, as al-kitābah al-ʿuthmānīyah, is a Writing s ...
writing script


Politicians

* Ali Abdi Aware, former Puntland State Minister of the Presidency for International relations and Social Affairs. * Asha Gelle Dirie, former Minister of Women Development and Family Affairs of Puntland; founder and Executive Director of TAG Foundation *
Ayaan Hirsi Ali Ayaan Hirsi Ali (; ; Somali: ''Ayaan Xirsi Cali'':'' Ayān Ḥirsī 'Alī;'' born Ayaan Hirsi Magan, ar, أيان حرسي علي / ALA-LC ALA-LC ( American Library Association - Library of Congress) is a set of standards for romanization, th ...
, the first Somali-born member of parliament of a European country, author and political activist * Farah Ali Jama, former Minister of Finance of Puntland *
Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf Haji Bashir Ismail Yusuf ( so, Xaaji Bashiir Ismaaciil Yuusuf, ar, حاجي بشير اسماعيل يوسف) (b. 1912 in Hobyo Hobyo ( so, Hobyo, also known as Obbia in Italian), is an ancient port city in Galmudug state in the north-central ...
, first President of ; Minister of Health and Labor of Somalia (1966–67) *
Hassan Abshir Farah Hassan Abshir Farah ( so, Xasan Abshir Faarax, ar, حسن ابشير فرح; June 20, 1945 – July 12, 2020) was a Somali people, Somali politician. He previously served as mayor of Mogadishu and interior minister of Puntland. From November 12, ...
, former
Mogadishu Mogadishu (, also ; so, Muqdisho or Xamar ; ar, مقديشو, Muqadīshū ; it, Mogadiscio ), locally known as Xamar or Hamar, is the capital city and most populous city The United Nations uses three definitions for what constitutes a city ...

Mogadishu
mayor, Somalia ambassador to Japan and later to Germany, interior minister of Puntland * Hassan Ali Mire, first Minister of Education of the
Somali Democratic Republic The Somali Democratic Republic ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Dimuqraadiya Soomaaliyeed, ar, الجمهورية الديمقراطية الصومالية ''al-Jumhūrīyah ad-Dīmuqrāṭīyah aṣ-Ṣūmālīyah'', it, Repubblica Democratica Somala) was th ...
; former Chairman of the
Somali Salvation Democratic Front Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF) ( so, Jabhadda Diimuqraadiga Badbaadinta Soomaaliyeed), initially known as the Democratic Front for Salvation of Somalia, was a political and paramilitary umbrella organization in Somalia Somalia,; ...
(SSDF). * Hirsi Magan Isse, scholar and revolutionary leader with the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF). *
Ilhan Omar Ilhan Abdullahi Omar (born October 4, 1982) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for since 2019. She is a member of the Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party. Before her election to Congress, Omar served in the Minnesota ...

Ilhan Omar
, a Somali-American
politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political party is an organization that coordinates candidate A candidate, or nominee, is the prospective recipient of an award or honor, or a person seeking or being considered for some ...

politician
, currently a member of the
United States House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the United States Senate, Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national Bicameralism, bicameral legislature of the United S ...
for
Minnesota's 5th congressional district Minnesota's 5th congressional district is a geographically small urban and suburban congressional district in Minnesota Minnesota () is a U.S. state, state in the north central region of the United States. It is known as the "Land of 10,000 ...
since 2019. She is the first Somali member of Congress and the second female Muslim to be elected. * Mire Hagi Farah Mohamed, Somali Finance Minister 2004–2006, and former mayor of
Kismayo Kismayo ( so, Kismaayo; ar, كيسمايو, ; it, Chisimaio) is a port city in the southern Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose) province of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of Somalia, is a ...

Kismayo
* Mohamed Abdi Aware, Puntland judge and member of Supreme Judicial Council. *
Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan ( so, Maxamed Siciid Xirsi Moorgan; ar, محمد سعيد هيرسي مورغان) is a Somali military and faction leader. He was the son-in-law of Siad Barre Jaalle Mohamed Siad Barre ( so, Maxamed Siyaad Barre; ...

Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan
, son-in-law of
Siad Barre Mohamed Siad Barre ( so, Maxamed Siyaad Barre 𐒑𐒖𐒄𐒖𐒑𐒗𐒆 𐒈𐒘𐒕𐒛𐒆 𐒁𐒖𐒇𐒇𐒗; ar, محمد زياد بري; 1910 – January 2, 1995) was a Somali general who served as the President President most comm ...

Siad Barre
and minister of defense of Somalia *
Mohamud Muse Hersi Mohamud "Adde" Muse Hersi ( so, Maxamuud Muuse Xirsi Cadde, ar, محمد موسى حرسي; 1 July 1937 – 8 February 2017) was a Somali politician. He was the President of the Puntland region of Somalia Somalia,; ar, الصومال, a ...
, third
President of Puntland The President of Puntland ( so, Madaxaweynaha Puntland) is the President (government title), President of Puntland State of Somalia. The president represents the Government of Puntland. The office of President of Puntland was established with the ...
* Saida Haji Bashir Ismail, former Somali Finance Vice-Minister in the TNG (2000-2004) * Omar Samatar, Fought against Italian occupation of Hobyo, after the surrender of the Sultan of Hobyo. *
Yusuf Mohamed Ismail Yusuf Mohamed Ismail "Bari-Bari" ( so, Yuusuf Maxamed Ismaaciil, ar, يوسف محمد إسماعيل, born 15 July 1958 – died 27 March 2015) was a Somali people, Somali diplomat and politician. He was the Ambassador of Somalia to the United Na ...
, former Ambassador of Somalia to the United Nations Human Rights Office in Geneva * Yusuf Osman Samatar, politician *Surer Abshir Muse, sister of Mohamed Abshir Muse and deputy ambassador to London. Was also in charge of the youth wing of SSDF


References


External links


The Majeerteen Sultanates
{{Somali clans Somali clans Somali clans in Ethiopia