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A magistrates' court is a
lower court A lower court or inferior court is a court from which an appeal may be taken, usually referring to courts other than supreme court. In relation to an appeal from one court to another, the lower court is the court whose decision is being reviewed ...
where, in several jurisdictions, all criminal proceedings start. Also some civil matters may be dealt with here, such as family proceedings.


Courts

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Magistrates' court (England and Wales) In England and Wales, a magistrates' court is a lower court which hears matters relating to summary offences and some triable either-way matters. Some civil law issues are also decided here, notably family proceedings. In 2015, there were ...
* Magistrate's Court of Jersey * Magistrates' court (Hong Kong) * Magistrate's courts of Israel * Magistrate's court (South Africa) * District Court (New Zealand), replaced magistrate's courts in 1980 *
District Court (Ireland) The District Court ( ga, An ChĂșirt DĂșiche) is the main court of summary jurisdiction in Ireland. It has responsibility for hearing minor criminal matters, small civil claims, liquor licensing, and certain family law applications. It is also ...
, the main court of summary jurisdiction in Ireland * Magistrate's court (Russia) *
Magistrate's court (Sri Lanka) The magistrate's courts in Sri Lanka is a lower court headed by a magistrate who is vested with original criminal jurisdiction. Jurisdiction Originally known as police magistrate's courts, current magistrate's courts are established under the Ju ...


Australian courts

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Magistrates Court of the Australian Capital Territory The Magistrates Court of the Australian Capital Territory is a court of summary jurisdiction that deals with the majority of criminal law matters and the majority of small civil law matters in the Australian Capital Territory, the Jervis Bay Te ...
* Magistrates court (Northern Territory) * Magistrates Court of Queensland *
Magistrates Court of South Australia The Magistrates Court of South Australia is the lowest level court in South Australia. The Magistrates Court, then known as the Court of Petty Sessions, was established in 1837, by the Court of Sessions Act 1837'' It has both original and appe ...
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Magistrates Court of Tasmania The Magistrates Court of Tasmania is the main day-to-day court in the Australian state of Tasmania and exists in accordance with the laws handed down by the Tasmanian Parliament. The Court is an inferior court to the Supreme Court of Tasmania ...
* Magistrates' Court of Victoria * Magistrates Court of Western Australia * Local Court of New South Wales *
Federal Circuit Court of Australia The Federal Circuit Court of Australia, formerly known as the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia or the Federal Magistrates Service, was an Australian court with jurisdiction over matters broadly relating to family law and child support, ad ...
(initially the Federal Magistrate's Court of Australia. The title Federal Magistrate was changed to Judge at the same time.)


Other

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Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 The Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 (15 & 16 Geo 6 & 1 Eliz c 55) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom which related to magistrates' courts. It was repealed by section 154 of, and Schedule 9 to, the Magistrates' Courts Act 1980. Se ...
of the United Kingdom *
Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is a consolidation Act.The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1980. HMSO. London. . Part IV. Pages ''i'', ''j'' and i. It codifies the pr ...
of the United Kingdom * ''Magistrate's Court'' (TV series) *
Liverpool Magistrates' Court The Magistrates' Courts is a building on Dale Street, Liverpool used for magistrates' court hearings until 2015. It is a Grade II listed building designed by John Grey Weightman built between 1857 and 1859. Until the 1970s buildings in Great Cr ...
, a court building *
Bow Street Magistrates' Court Bow Street Magistrates' Court became one of the most famous magistrates' court in England. Over its 266-year existence it occupied various buildings on Bow Street in Central London, immediately north-east of Covent Garden. It closed in 2006 a ...
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City of Westminster Magistrates' Court The City of Westminster Magistrates' Court was a magistrates' court located at 70 Horseferry Road, in the City of Westminster, London. It was originally called Horseferry Road Magistrates' Court, after the road in which it was sited.Her Majest ...


See also

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Magistrate The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a '' magistratus'' was one of the highest ranking government officers, and possessed both judic ...
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Lower court A lower court or inferior court is a court from which an appeal may be taken, usually referring to courts other than supreme court. In relation to an appeal from one court to another, the lower court is the court whose decision is being reviewed ...
* Court of summary jurisdiction {{SIA Courts