The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) is an Act of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom The Parliament of the United Kingdom is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown Dependencies and the British Overseas Territories. It meets at the Palace of Westminster, London. It alone possesses legislative supremacy ...
. It is a consolidation Act.The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1980. HMSO. London. . Part IV. Pages ''i'', ''j'' and i. It codifies the procedures applicable in the magistrates' courts of England and Wales and largely replaces the Magistrates' Courts Act 1952. Part I of the Act sets out provisions in relation to the courts' criminal jurisdiction, and Part II in relation to civil proceedings. Section 1 of the Act empowers a
justice of the peace A justice of the peace (JP) is a judicial officer of a lower or ''puisne'' court, elected or appointed by means of a commission ( letters patent) to keep the peace. In past centuries the term commissioner of the peace was often used with the sam ...
to issue a
summons A summons (also known in England and Wales as a claim form and in the Australian state of New South Wales as a court attendance notice (CAN)) is a legal document issued by a court (a ''judicial summons'') or by an administrative agency of governme ...
or arrest warrant alleging the commission of a crime against an identifiable person. Section 127 of the Act establishes a six-month limitation period for summary (but not indictable) offences.

See also

* Magistrates' Courts Act


External links

Magistrates' Courts Act 1980
as amended from the National Archives.
Magistrates' Courts Act 1980
as originally enacted from the National Archives. Acts of the Parliament of the United Kingdom concerning England and Wales English criminal law United Kingdom Acts of Parliament 1980 Magistrates' courts in England and Wales 1980 in England 1980 in Wales {{Criminal-law-stub